List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients

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The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich. Recipients are grouped by grades of the Knight's Cross. Within each grade the recipients are ordered chronologically. An exception is the lowest grade, here the recipients are ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded. Broken out into sub lists are the recipients of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, one list for every year between 1940 and 1945 the award was presented. Also listed separately are the alphabetical lists of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients. The foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross and the foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves are listed separately as well.

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz), the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes.[1] As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940.[2] In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[3] At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.[4]

      This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
      This along with the * (asterisk), indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.
      This along with the ? (question mark) indicates that historian Veit Scherzer has expressed doubt regarding the veracity and formal correctness of the listing.

Grand Cross of the Iron Cross[edit]

The Grand Cross of the Iron Cross is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of September 1, 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation of the renewing of the Iron Cross). This grade was awarded only once. The sole recipient was Generalfeldmarschall Hermann Göring, who at the same time was promoted to Reichsmarschall.[5]

Number Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes
1 Hermann Göring Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall Reich Minister of Aviation and Commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe[5] 19 July 1940 at the same time promoted to Reichsmarschall[5]

Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds[edit]

The "Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds" is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944. This grade of the award was to be awarded twelve times only. The sole recipient was Oberstleutnant Hans-Ulrich Rudel.[6]

Number Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes
1 Hans-Ulrich Rudel Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Schlachtgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[6] 29 December 1944 at the same time promoted to Oberst[6]

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds[edit]

The "Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds" is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 to reward those servicemen who had already been awarded the Oak Leaves with Swords to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Ultimately, it would be awarded to only twenty-seven German soldiers, sailors and airmen, ranging from young fighter pilots to field marshals.[7]

Number Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes
1 Molders, WernerWerner Mölders Luftwaffe Oberst Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 51[8] 15 July 1941[Note 1]
2 Galland, AdolfAdolf Galland Luftwaffe Oberst Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 26 "Schlageter"[8] 28 January 1942
3 Gollob, GordonGordon Gollob Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 77[8] 30 August 1942
4 Marseille, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Marseille Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 3./Jagdgeschwader 27[8] 3 September 1942
5 Graf, HermannHermann Graf Luftwaffe Oberleutnant of the Reserves Staffelkapitän of the 9./Jagdgeschwader 52[8] 16 September 1942
6 Rommel, ErwinErwin Rommel Heer Generalfeldmarschall Commander-in-chief of Deutsches Afrika Korps[8] 11 March 1943
7 Luth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth Kriegsmarine Korvettenkapitän commander of U-181[8] 9 August 1943
8 Nowotny, WalterWalter Nowotny Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 54[10] 19 October 1943
9 Schulz, AdelbertAdelbert Schulz Heer Oberst commander of Panzer-Regiment 25[10] 14 December 1943
10 Rudel, Hans-UlrichHans-Ulrich Rudel+ Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Schlachtgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[10] 29 March 1944 Awarded 1st Golden Oak Leaves 29 December 1944
11 Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz, Hyazinth GrafHyazinth Graf Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz Heer Oberst commander of a Panzer Group in the Heeresgruppe Nord[10] 15 April 1944 at the same time promoted to Generalmajor[10]
12 Gille, Herbert OttoHerbert Otto Gille Waffen-SS SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS commander of 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division "Wiking"[10] 19 April 1944
13 Hube, HansHans Hube Heer General der Panzertruppe commander of 1. Panzerarmee[10] 20 April 1944 at the same time promoted to Generaloberst[10]
14 Kesselring, AlbertAlbert Kesselring Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall OB Süd (Heeresgruppe C)[10] 19 July 1944
15 Lent, HelmutHelmut Lent Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtjagdgeschwader 3[10] 31 July 1944
16 Dietrich, JosefJosef Dietrich Waffen-SS SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst of the Waffen-SS commanding general of I. SS-Panzerkorps[10] 6 August 1944
17 Model, WalterWalter Model Heer Generalfeldmarschall commander in chief of Heeresgruppe Mitte[10] 17 August 1944
18 Hartmann, ErichErich Hartmann Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 9./Jagdgeschwader 52[10] 25 August 1944
19 Balck, HermannHermann Balck Heer General der Panzertruppe acting commander of 4. Panzerarmee[10] 31 August 1944
20 Ramcke, Hermann-BernhardHermann-Bernhard Ramcke Luftwaffe Generalleutnant commander of fortress Brest[11] 19 September 1944
21 Schnaufer, Heinz-WolfgangHeinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the IV./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[11] 16 October 1944
22 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi Kriegsmarine Korvettenkapitän commander of U-967[11] 24 November 1944
23 Schorner, FerdinandFerdinand Schörner Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe Nord[11] 1 January 1945
24 Manteuffel, Hasso-Eccard vonHasso-Eccard von Manteuffel Heer General der Panzertruppe Commander-in-chief of 5. Panzerarmee[11] 18 February 1945
25 Tolsdorff, TheodorTheodor Tolsdorff Heer Generalmajor commander of 340. Volks-Grenadier-Division[11] 18 March 1945
26 Mauss, Dr. med. dent. KarlDr. med. dent. Karl Mauss Heer Generalleutnant commander of 7. Panzer-Division[11] 15 April 1945
27 Saucken, Dietrich vonDietrich von Saucken Heer General der Panzertruppe Commander-in-chief of Armeeoberkommando East Prussia[11] 8 May 1945

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords[edit]

The "Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords" is also based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 to reward those servicemen who had already been awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The sequential numbers greater than 143 are unofficial and were assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) and therefore denoted in brackets.[12] The number of the 160 Sword recipients is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the (AKCR).[13] Author and historian Veit Scherzer has challenged the validity of 13 of these listings.[14] The majority—12 recipients—of these disputed recipients have received the award in 1945. The deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II has left the nominations unfinished in various stages of the approval process. Hermann Fegelein had received the Oak Leaves in 1942 but was sentenced to death by Adolf Hitler and executed by SS-Gruppenführer Johann Rattenhuber's Reichssicherheitsdienst (RSD) on 28 April 1945 after a court martial led by SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS Wilhelm Mohnke. The sentence was carried out the same day. The death sentence, according to German law, resulted in the loss of all orders and honorary signs.[15]

Number Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes
1 Galland, AdolfAdolf Galland+ Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 26 "Schlageter"[16] 21 June 1941 Awarded 2nd Diamonds 28 January 1942
2 Molders, WernerWerner Mölders+ Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 51[16] 22 June 1941 Awarded 1st Diamonds 15 July 1941
3 Oesau, WalterWalter Oesau Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 3[16] 15 July 1941[Note 2]
4 Lutzow, GuntherGünther Lützow Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 3[16] 11 October 1941
5 Kretschmer, OttoOtto Kretschmer Kriegsmarine Korvettenkapitän commander of U-99[16] 26 December 1941
6 Rommel, ErwinErwin Rommel+ Heer General der Panzertruppe commander of Panzergruppe Afrika[16] 20 January 1942 Awarded 6th Diamonds 11 March 1943
7 Bar, HeinrichHeinrich Bär Luftwaffe Hauptmann[Note 3] Staffelkapitän of the 1./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[16] 16 February 1942
8 Philipp, HansHans Philipp Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 54[16] 12 March 1942
9 Ihlefeld, HerbertHerbert Ihlefeld Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 77[16] 24 April 1942
10 Ostermann, Max-HellmuthMax-Hellmuth Ostermann Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 7./Jagdgeschwader 54[16] 17 May 1942
11 Graf, HermannHermann Graf+ Luftwaffe Leutnant of the Reserves Staffelkapitän of the 9./Jagdgeschwader 52[16] 19 May 1942[Note 4] Awarded 5th Diamonds 16 September 1942
12 Marseille, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Marseille+ Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 3./Jagdgeschwader 27[16] 18 June 1942 Awarded 4th Diamonds 3 September 1942
13 Gollob, GordonGordon Gollob+ Luftwaffe Hauptmann Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 77[20] 23 June 1942 Awarded 3rd Diamonds 30 August 1942
14 Steinbatz, LeopoldLeopold Steinbatz Luftwaffe Oberfeldwebel pilot in the 9./Jagdgeschwader 52[20] 23 June 1942* Killed in action 15 June 1942[21]
15 Kesselring, AlbertAlbert Kesselring+ Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall OB Süd[20] 18 July 1942 Awarded 14th Diamonds 19 July 1944
16 Baumbach, WernerWerner Baumbach Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 30[20] 17 August 1942[Note 5]
17 Topp, ErichErich Topp Kriegsmarine Kapitänleutnant commander of U-552[20] 17 August 1942
18 Suhren, ReinhardReinhard Suhren Kriegsmarine Kapitänleutnant commander of U-564[20] 1 September 1942
19 Muncheberg, JoachimJoachim Müncheberg Luftwaffe Hauptmann deputy Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[20] 9 September 1942
20 Helbig, JoachimJoachim Helbig Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I. (Kampf)/Lehrgeschwader 1[20] 28 September 1942
21 Eibl, KarlKarl Eibl Heer Generalmajor commander of 385. Infanterie-Division[20] 19 December 1942
22 Hube, HansHans Hube+ Heer Generalleutnant commanding general of the XIV. Panzerkorps[20] 21 December 1942 Awarded 13th Diamonds 20 April 1944
23 Wilcke, Wolf-DietrichWolf-Dietrich Wilcke Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"[20] 23 December 1942
24 Druschel, AlfredAlfred Druschel Luftwaffe Hauptmann deputy Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Schlachtgeschwader 1[20] 19 February 1943
25 Balck, HermannHermann Balck+ Heer Generalleutnant commander of 11. Panzer-Division[20] 4 March 1943 Awarded 19th Diamonds 31 August 1944
26 Dietrich, JosefJosef Dietrich+ Waffen-SS SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen-SS commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler"[20] 14 March 1943 Awarded 16th Diamonds 6 August 1944
27 Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz, Hyazinth GrafHyazinth Graf Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz+ Heer Oberst of the Reserves commander of Panzer-Regiment "Großdeutschland"[23] 28 March 1943 Awarded 11th Diamonds 15 April 1944
28 Model, WalterWalter Model+ Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 9. Armee[23] 2 April 1943 Awarded 17th Diamonds 17 August 1944
29 Luth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth+ Kriegsmarine Kapitänleutnant commander of U-181[23] 25 April 1943 Awarded 7th Diamonds 9 August 1943
30 Gorn, WalterWalter Gorn Heer Oberst commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 10[23] 8 June 1943
31 Peltz, DietrichDietrich Peltz Luftwaffe Oberst im Generalstab Angriffsführer England[23] 23 July 1943
32 Lent, HelmutHelmut Lent+ Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the IV./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[23] 2 August 1943 Awarded 15th Diamonds 31 July 1944
33 Schulz, AdelbertAdelbert Schulz+ Heer Oberstleutnant commander of Panzer-Regiment 25[23] 6 August 1943 Awarded 9th Diamonds 14 December 1943
34 Rall, GüntherGünther Rall Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 52[23] 12 September 1943
35 Hoth, HermannHermann Hoth Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 4. Panzerarmee[23] 15 September 1943
36 Harpe, JosefJosef Harpe Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of XXXXI Panzerkorps[23] 15 September 1943
37 Nowotny, WalterWalter Nowotny+ Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 54[23] 22 September 1943 Awarded 8th Diamonds 19 October 1943
38 Gazen, called von Gaza, Waldemar vonWaldemar von Gazen, called von Gaza Heer Major leader of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 66[23] 3 October 1943
39 Dieckmann, AugustAugust Dieckmann Waffen-SS SS-Obersturmbannführer commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 10 "Westland"[24] 10 October 1943* Killed in action 10 October 1943[25]
40 Kluge, Günther Hans vonGünther Hans von Kluge Heer Generalfeldmarschall Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe Mitte[23] 29 October 1943
41 Schwerin, Gerhard Graf vonGerhard Graf von Schwerin Heer Generalmajor commander of 16. Infanterie-Division[23] 4 November 1943
42 Rudel, Hans-UlrichHans-Ulrich Rudel+ Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[23] 25 November 1943 Awarded 10th Diamonds 29 March 1944
1st Golden Oak Leaves 29 December 1944
43 Herrmann, HajoHajo Herrmann Luftwaffe Oberst Inspekteur der deutschen Luftverteidigung[26] 23 January 1944
44 Sayn-Wittgenstein, Heinrich Prinz zuHeinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtjagdgeschwader 2[26] 23 January 1944* Killed in action 21 January 1944[27]
45 Barenfanger, ErichErich Bärenfänger Heer Major commander of the III./Grenadier-Regiment. 123[26] 23 January 1944
46 Saucken, Dietrich vonDietrich von Saucken+ Heer Generalleutnant commander of 4. Panzer-Division[26] 31 January 1944 Awarded 27th Diamonds 8 May 1945
47 Gille, Herbert OttoHerbert Otto Gille+ Waffen-SS SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS commander of SS-Panzergrenadier Division "Wiking"[26] 20 February 1944 Awarded 12th Diamonds 19 April 1944
48 Breith, HermannHermann Breith Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of III. Panzerkorps[26] 21 February 1944
49 Bake, Dr. med.dent. FranzDr. med.dent. Franz Bäke Heer Oberstleutnant of the Reserves commander of Panzer-Regiment 11[26] 21 February 1944
50 Manteuffel, Hasso-Eccard vonHasso-Eccard von Manteuffel+ Heer Generalleutnant commander of 7. Panzer-Division[26] 22 February 1944 Awarded 24th Diamonds 18 February 1945
51 Mayer, EgonEgon Mayer Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen"[26] 2 March 1944* Killed in action 2 March 1944[28]
52 Barkhorn, GerhardGerhard Barkhorn Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 52[26] 2 March 1944
53 Griesbach, FranzFranz Griesbach Heer Oberst commander of Grenadier-Regiment 399[26] 6 March 1944
54 Streib, WernerWerner Streib Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[26] 11 March 1944
55 Heidrich, RichardRichard Heidrich Luftwaffe Generalleutnant commander of 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division[26] 25 March 1944
56 Schuldt, HinrichHinrich Schuldt Waffen-SS SS-Oberführer commander of 2. lett. SS-Freiwilligen-Brigade[26] 25 March 1944* Killed in action 15 March 1944[29]
57 Postel, Georg-WilhelmGeorg-Wilhelm Postel Heer Generalleutnant commander of 320. Infanterie-Division[26] 26 March 1944
58 Wietersheim, Wend vonWend von Wietersheim Heer Generalmajor commander of 11. Panzer-Division[26] 26 March 1944
59 Lewinski, called von Manstein, Erich vonErich von Lewinski, called von Manstein Heer Generalfeldmarschall Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe Süd[30] 30 March 1944
60 Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald vonPaul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist Heer Generalfeldmarschall Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe A[30] 30 March 1944
61 Boerst, AlwinAlwin Boerst Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Schlachtgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[30] 6 April 1944* Killed in action 30 March 1944[31]
62 Kupfer, Dr. jur. ErnstDr. jur. Ernst Kupfer Luftwaffe Oberst former Geschwaderkommodore of Sturzkampfgeschwader 2[30] 11 April 1944* Killed in flying accident 6 November 1943[32]
63 Kreysing, HansHans Kreysing Heer General der Gebirgstruppe commanding general of XVII. Armeekorps[30] 13 April 1944
64 Jordan, HansHans Jordan Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of VI. Armeekorps[30] 20 April 1944
65 Priess, HermannHermann Prieß Waffen-SS SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS commander of 3. SS-Panzer Division "Totenkopf"[30] 24 April 1944
66 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi+ Kriegsmarine Kapitänleutnant commander of U-380[30] 9 May 1944 Awarded 22nd Diamonds 24 November 1944
67 Heilmann, LudwigLudwig Heilmann Luftwaffe Oberst commander of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 3[30] 15 May 1944
68 Reinhardt, Georg-HansGeorg-Hans Reinhardt Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 3. Panzerarmee[30] 26 May 1944
69 Niemack, HorstHorst Niemack Heer Oberst commander of Panzer-Füsilier-Regiment "Großdeutschland"[30] 4 June 1944
70 Konig, AlfonsAlfons König Heer Oberstleutnant of the Reserves commander of Grenadier-Regiment 199 "List"[30] 9 June 1944
71 Wittmann, MichaelMichael Wittmann Waffen-SS SS-Hauptsturmführer chief of the 2./schwere SS-Panzer-Abteilung 101[30] 22 June 1944 Killed in action 8 August 1944[30]
72 Dietl, EduardEduard Dietl Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 20. Gebirgsarmee[30] 1 July 1944* Killed in flying accident 23 June 1944[33]
73 Priller, JosefJosef Priller Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 26 "Schlageter"[30] 2 July 1944
74 Lang, FriedrichFriedrich Lang Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Schlachtgeschwader 1[30] 2 July 1944
75 Hartmann, ErichErich Hartmann+ Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 9./Jagdgeschwader 52[30] 2 July 1944 Awarded 18th Diamonds 25 August 1944
76 Luttwitz, Smilo Freiherr vonSmilo Freiherr von Lüttwitz Heer Generalleutnant commander of 26. Panzer-Division[34] 4 July 1944
77 Dorr, HansHans Dorr Waffen-SS SS-Sturmbannführer commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 9 "Germania"[34] 9 July 1944 Died of wounds 17 April 1945[34]
78 Hackl, AntonAnton Hackl Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 11[34] 9 July 1944[Note 6]
79 Stahel, ReinerReiner Stahel Heer Generalmajor commander of Fester Platz Wilna[34] 18 July 1944
80 Tolsdorff, TheodorTheodor Tolsdorff+ Heer Oberstleutnant commander of Grenadier-Regiment 1067 and leader of a Kampfgruppe[34] 18 July 1944 Awarded 25th Diamonds 18 March 1945
81 Bayerlein, FritzFritz Bayerlein Heer Generalleutnant commander of Panzer-Lehr-Division[34] 20 July 1944
82 Steinhoff, JohannesJohannes Steinhoff Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 77[34] 28 July 1944
83 Fegelein, HermannHermann Fegelein?[Note 7] Waffen-SS SS-Gruppenführer commander of 8. SS-Freiwilligen-Kavallerie-Division "Florian Geyer"[34] 30 July 1944
84 Schnaufer, Heinz-WolfgangHeinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer+ Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the IV./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[34] 30 July 1944[Note 8] Awarded 21st Diamonds 16 October 1944
85 Scholz Edler von Rarancze, Fritz vonFritz von Scholz Edler von Rarancze Waffen-SS SS-Gruppenführer commander of 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier Division "Nordland"[34] 8 August 1944* Killed in action 28 July 1944[39]
86 Steiner, FelixFelix Steiner Waffen-SS SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen-SS commanding general of III. germ. SS-Panzerkorps[34] 10 August 1944
87 Fries, WalterWalter Fries Heer Generalleutnant commander of 29. Panzergrenadier Division[34] 11 August 1944
88 Buhligen, KurtKurt Bühligen Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen"[34] 14 August 1944
89 Mayer, Dr. rer. pol., Dr. Ing. JohannesDr. rer. pol., Dr. Ing. Johannes Mayer Heer Generalleutnant commander of 329. Infanterie-Division[34] 23 August 1944
90 Hausser, PaulPaul Hausser Waffen-SS SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst of the Waffen-SS Commander-in-chief of 7. Armee[34] 28 August 1944
91 Meyer, KurtKurt Meyer Waffen-SS SS-Standartenführer commander of 12. SS-Panzer-Division "Hitlerjugend"[40] 27 August 1944
92 Greim, Robert Ritter vonRobert Ritter von Greim Luftwaffe Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of Luftflotte 6[40] 28 August 1944[Note 9]
93 Schorner, FerdinandFerdinand Schörner+ Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe Nord[40] 28 August 1944 Awarded 23rd Diamonds 1 January 1945
94 Wisch, TheodorTheodor Wisch Waffen-SS SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS commander of 1. SS-Panzer Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler"[40] 30 August 1944
95 Baum, OttoOtto Baum Waffen-SS SS-Standartenführer commander of 2. SS-Panzer Division "Das Reich"[40] 2 September 1944
96 Kroh, HansHans Kroh Luftwaffe Oberst leader of 2. Fallschirmjäger-Division[40] 12 September 1944
97 Wegener, WilhelmWilhelm Wegener Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of L. Armeekorps[40] 17 September 1944
98 Nordmann, TheodorTheodor Nordmann Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Schlachtgeschwader 1[40] 17 September 1944
99 Ramcke, Hermann-BernhardHermann-Bernhard Ramcke+ Luftwaffe Generalleutnant commander of fortress Brest[40] 19 September 1944 Awarded 20th Diamonds 19 September 1944
100 Knobelsdorff, Otto vonOtto von Knobelsdorff Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of XXXX. Panzerkorps[40] 21 September 1944
101 Mauss, Dr. med. dent. KarlDr. med. dent. Karl Mauss+ Heer Generalmajor commander of 7. Panzer-Division[40] 23 October 1944 Awarded 26th Diamonds 15 April 1945
102 Ziegler, WernerWerner Ziegler Heer Major leader of Grenadier-Regiment 186[40] 23 October 1944
103 Fessmann, FritzFritz Feßmann Heer Hauptmann of the Reserves commander of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 5[40] 23 October 1944* Killed in action 11 October 1944[42]
104 Recknagel, HermannHermann Recknagel Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of XXXXII. Armeekorps[40] 23 October 1944
105 Edelsheim, Maximilian Reichsfreiherr vonMaximilian Reichsfreiherr von Edelsheim Heer Generalleutnant commander of 24. Panzer-Division[40] 23 October 1944
106 Kallner, HansHans Källner Heer Generalleutnant commander of 19. Panzer-Division[40] 23 October 1944
107 Mummert, WernerWerner Mummert Heer Oberst of the Reserves commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 103[43] 23 October 1944
108 Wurmheller, JosefJosef Wurmheller Luftwaffe Hauptmann Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen"[43] 24 October 1944* Killed in action 22 June 1944[44]
109 Hohn, Dr. rer. pol. HermannDr. rer. pol. Hermann Hohn Heer Generalmajor commander of 72. Infanterie-Division[43] 31 October 1944
110 Obstfelder, Hans vonHans von Obstfelder Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of LXXXVI. Armeekorps[43] 5 November 1944
111 Baade, Ernst-GüntherErnst-Günther Baade Heer Generalleutnant commander of 90. Panzergrenadier Division[43] 16 November 1944
112 Schulz, Karl-LotharKarl-Lothar Schulz Luftwaffe Oberst leader of 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division[43] 18 November 1944
113 Kittel, OttoOtto Kittel Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 2./Jagdgeschwader 54[43] 25 November 1944
114 Boeselager, Georg Freiherr vonGeorg Freiherr von Boeselager Heer Oberstleutnant leader of 3. Kavallerie-Brigade[43] 28 November 1944* Killed in action 26 August 1944[31]
115 Weidling, HelmuthHelmuth Weidling Heer General der Artillerie commanding general of XXXXI. Panzerkorps[43] 28 November 1944
116 Harmel, HeinzHeinz Harmel Waffen-SS SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS commander of 10. SS-Panzer Division "Frundsberg"[45] 15 December 1944
117 Herr, TraugottTraugott Herr Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of LXXVI. Panzerkorps[43] 18 December 1944
118 Reinhardt, Alfred-HermannAlfred-Hermann Reinhardt Heer Generalleutnant commander of 98. Infanterie-Division[43] 24 December 1944
119 Peiper, JoachimJoachim Peiper Waffen-SS SS-Obersturmbannführer commander of SS-Panzer-Regiment 1 11 January 1945[46]
120 Kruger, WalterWalter Krüger Waffen-SS SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen-SS commanding general of VI. Waffen-Armeekorps der SS[46] 11 January 1945
121 Kretzschmar, WolfgangWolfgang Kretzschmar Heer Oberst commander of Jäger-Regiment 24 (L)[46] 12 January 1945* Killed in action 27 December 1944[47]
122 Rendulic, Dr. jur. LotharDr. jur. Lothar Rendulic Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 20. Gebirgs-Armee[46] 18 January 1945
123 Wengler, MaximilianMaximilian Wengler Heer Generalmajor commander of 227. Infanterie-Division[46] 21 January 1945
124 Nehring, WaltherWalther Nehring Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of XXIV. Panzerkorps[46] 22 January 1945
125 Hogeback, HermannHermann Hogeback Luftwaffe Oberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 6[46] 26 January 1945
126 Rudorffer, ErichErich Rudorffer Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 54[46] 26 January 1945
127 Kirchner, FriedrichFriedrich Kirchner Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of LVII. Panzerkorps[46] 26 January 1945
128 Muller, Friedrich-WilhelmFriedrich-Wilhelm Müller Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of LXVIII. Armeekorps[46] 27 January 1945
129 Dorner, HelmutHelmut Dörner Waffen-SS SS-Oberführer leader of a Kampfgruppe in the 4. SS-Polizei Panzergrenadier Division[46] 1 February 1945
130 Reinert, Ernst-WilhelmErnst-Wilhelm Reinert Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 14./Jagdgeschwader 27[46] 1 February 1945
131 Walther, ErichErich Walther Luftwaffe Oberst leader of Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Division 2 "Hermann Göring"[46] 1 February 1945
132 Sachsenheimer, MaxMax Sachsenheimer Heer Generalmajor commander of 17. Infanterie-Division[46] 6 February 1945
133 Rundstedt, Gerd vonGerd von Rundstedt Heer Generalfeldmarschall OB West[46] 18 February 1945
134 Muller, Dietrich vonDietrich von Müller Heer Generalmajor commander of 16. Panzer-Division[46] 20 February 1945
135 Schulz, FriedrichFriedrich Schulz Heer General der Infanterie Commander-in-chief of 17. Armee[46] 26 February 1945
136 Heinrici, GotthardGotthard Heinrici Heer Generaloberst Commander-in-chief of 1. Panzerarmee[48] 3 March 1945
137 Lemm, Heinz-GeorgHeinz-Georg Lemm Heer Oberstleutnant commander of Füsilier-Regiment 27[48] 15 March 1945
138 Kumm, OttoOtto Kumm Waffen-SS SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS commander of 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division "Prinz Eugen"[48] 17 Mar 1945
139 Hartmann, WalterWalter Hartmann Heer General der Artillerie commanding general of VIII. Armeekorps[48] 18 March 1945
140 Bochmann, GeorgGeorg Bochmann Waffen-SS SS-Standartenführer leader of 18. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Horst Wessel"[48] 26 March 1945
141 Juttner, ArthurArthur Jüttner Heer Oberst commander of Grenadier-Regiment 164[48] 5 April 1945
142 Oppeln-Bronikowski, Hermann vonHermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski Heer Generalmajor commander of 20. Panzer-Division[48] 17 April 1945
143 Mader, HellmuthHellmuth Mäder Heer Generalmajor commander of Führer-Grenadier Division[48] 18 April 1945
(144) Schroer, WernerWerner Schröer Luftwaffe Major Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"[48] 19 April 1945[Note 10]
(145) Batz, WilhelmWilhelm Batz Luftwaffe Major Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 52[48] 21 April 1945
(146) Blaskowitz, JohannesJohannes Blaskowitz Heer Generaloberst OB Niederlande[48] 24 April 1945
(147) Niehoff, HermannHermann Niehoff?[Note 11] Heer General der Infanterie commander of fortress Breslau[48] 26 April 1945
(148) Behrend, Hermann-HeinrichHermann-Heinrich Behrend Heer Generalmajor commander of 490. Infanterie-Division[48] 26 April 1945
(149) Decker, KarlKarl Decker?[Note 12] Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of XXXIX. Panzerkorps[48] 26 April 1945* Suicide 21 April 1945[53]
(150) Weidinger, OttoOtto Weidinger?[Note 13] Waffen-SS SS-Obersturmbannführer commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4 "Der Führer"[48] 6 May 1945
(151) Wisliceny, Günther-EberhardtGünther-Eberhardt Wisliceny?[Note 14] Waffen-SS SS-Obersturmbannführer commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 3 "Deutschland"[48] 6 May 1945
(152) Stadler, SylvesterSylvester Stadler?[Note 15] Waffen-SS SS-Oberführer commander of 9. SS-Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen"[48] 6 May 1945
(153) Bittrich, WilhelmWilhelm Bittrich?[Note 16] Waffen-SS SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen-SS commanding general of II. SS-Panzerkorps[48] 6 May 1945
(154) Graser, Fritz-HubertFritz-Hubert Gräser?[Note 17] Heer General der Panzertruppe Commander-in-chief of 4. Panzerarmee[48] 8 May 1945
(155) Meindl, EugenEugen Meindl?[Note 18] Luftwaffe General der Fallschirmtruppe commanding general of II. Fallschirm-Korps[60] 8 May 1945
(156) Thieme, Karl AlfredKarl Alfred Thieme?[Note 19] Heer Oberstleutnant commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 111[60] 9 May 1945
(157) Luttwitz, Heinrich Freiherr vonHeinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz?[Note 20] Heer General der Panzertruppe commanding general of XXXXVII. Panzerkorps[60] 9 May 1945
(158) Hitzfeld, OttoOtto Hitzfeld?[Note 21] Heer General der Infanterie commanding general of LXVII. Armeekorps[60] 9 May 1945
(159) Bremm, JosefJosef Bremm?[Note 22] Heer Oberstleutnant commander of Grenadier-Regiment 990[60] 9 May 1945
Yamamoto, IsorokuIsoroku Yamamoto Fleet Admiral Commander-in-chief of the IJN Combined Fleet[60] 27 May 1943* Killed in action 18 April 1943[65]

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves[edit]

The Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves was based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940. A total of 7 awards were made in 1940; 50 in 1941; 111 in 1942; 192 in 1943; 328 in 1944, and 194 in 1945, giving a total of 882 recipients—excluding the 8 foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

The number of 882 Oak Leaves recipients is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR).[13] Author and historian Veit Scherzer has challenged the validity of 27 of these listings.[14] With the exception of Hermann Fegelein, all of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II left the nominations unfinished in various stages of the approval process.[66]

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross[edit]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of September 1, 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation of the renewing of the Iron Cross).

Foreign recipients[edit]

Foreign soldiers and servicemen who did not serve in one of the four branches of the German Wehrmacht during World War II and were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross or its higher grade the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves are listed in the List of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Scherzer on 16 July 1941.[9]
  2. ^ According to Scherzer on 16 July 1941.[17]
  3. ^ According to Scherzer as Hauptmann of the Reserves.[18]
  4. ^ According to Scherzer on 18 May 1942.[19]
  5. ^ According to Scherzer on 16 August 1942.[22]
  6. ^ According to Scherzer on 12 July 1944.[35]
  7. ^ Hermann Fegelein was sentenced to death by Hitler and executed by SS General Johann Rattenhuber's Reichssicherheitsdienst on 28 April 1945 after a court-martial led by SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS Wilhelm Mohnke. The sentence was carried out the same day.[36] The death sentence resulted in the loss of all orders and honorary signs.[37]
  8. ^ According to Scherzer on 3 August 1944.[38]
  9. ^ According to Scherzer on 27 August 1944.[41]
  10. ^ According to Scherzer on 16 April 1945.[49]
  11. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Hermann Niehoff. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) only assumes that the Swords were awarded. According to Niehoff's testimony he was nominated by Gauleiter Karl Hanke. The date and sequential number "147" were assigned by the AKCR. Niehoff was a member of the AKCR.[50]
  12. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Karl Decker. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) assumes that the presentation fell into the timeframe 20 April 1945 to 29 April 1945. It is assumed that the nomination was approved on 26 April 1945.[51] Scherzer states that the assumption is based on a statement from Decker's widow. She claimed that she had been informed that her husband had received the award. The date and sequential number "149" were assigned by the AKCR.[52]
  13. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Otto Weidinger. The award was unlawfully presented by SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich. The date is taken from the announcement made by the 6. SS-Panzerarmee. The sequential number "150" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Weidinger was a member of the AKCR.[54]
  14. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Günther-Eberhardt Wisliceny. The award was unlawfully presented by SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich. The date is taken from the announcement made by the 6. SS-Panzerarmee. The sequential number "151" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Wisliceny was a member of the AKCR.[55]
  15. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Sylvester Stadler, also not mentioned by the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). According to Fellgiebel, the award was presented by SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich, which would make it an unlawful presentation. Fellgiebel is referring to H. Buch and W. Kment as sources. Buch reported on 25 June 2004 that he hadn't to do anything with this case. Stadler himself claimed that Dietrich proposed him on 22 March 1945, even though the 9. SS-Panzer-Division "Hohenstaufen" was not subordinated to the 6. SS-Panzerarmee. The sequential number "152" was assigned by the AKCR. The date might have been taken from Ernst-Günther Krätschmer.[56]
  16. ^ The German Federal Archives hold no records for the presentation of the Swords to Wilhelm Bittrich. The award was unlawfully presented SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich. The date is taken from the announcement made by the 6. SS-Panzerarmee. The sequential number "153" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Bittrich was a member of the AKCR.[57]
  17. ^ Fritz-Hubert Gräser's nomination by the troop was received by the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Personnel Office) on 29 April 1945. General Ernst Maisel noted: "I approve the nomination! 30 April". The nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross only notes the nomination entry date as 29 April 1945. There is no indication that the award was granted. The paperwork was not finalized by the end of the war. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "154" and presentation date were assigned by the AKCR.[58]
  18. ^ Eugen Meindl's nomination by the troop was approved by each of his commanding officers. However the nomination contains no final remark on the proceedings. Oberst Nicolaus von Below, Hitler's Luftwaffe adjutant, had sent a teleprinter message to the commanding general of the Fallschirmarmee Generaloberst Kurt Student, requesting a statement for this nomination. The copy of the teleprinter message contains a note: resubmission "23 April 1945". It seems that the statement was never returned. The paperwork was not finalized by the end of the war. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "155" was assigned by the AKCR. Fellgiebel assigned the presentation date. Meindl is mentioned on a list of the Oberbefehlshaber Nordwest for "Nominations and Bestowal of War Awards" from May 1945. This list, which was intended to be presented to Karl Dönitz, contained twelve names of pending nominations which had been submitted via the chain of command. Dönitz has never signed this list, most likely he has never even seen this list. The responsible personnel offices awarded or declined eight nominations from this list by the end of the war by, two remained unprocessed by the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Personnel Office) and Luftwaffenpersonalamt (LPA — Luftwaffe Personnel Office) and two further were left ready for signing at the OKW/WFSt.[59]
  19. ^ Karl Thieme's nomination by the troop was received by the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Personnel Office) on 10 April 1945 via teleprinter. Major Joachim Domaschk noted "By no means sufficient! Requesting statement from OB West", which was requested on 13 April. OB West responded on 24 April (entry date at the Heerespersonalamt on 28 April): "Statement from OB West not possible, since nomination was not made via OB West". Major Joachim Domaschk then decided on 28 April: "Heeresgruppe B, postpone!" In this instance the nomination was not processed due to AHA 44 Ziff. 572 (Allgemeines Heeresamt — General Army Office) but also because statements from his commanding officers could not be obtained anymore due to the capitulation. The nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross also contains a note from 10 April 1945: postponed. A bestowal thus didn't occur. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "156" was assigned by the AKCR. Fellgiebel assigned the presentation date.[61]
  20. ^ Heinrich von Lüttwitz's nomination by the troop was received by the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Personnel Office) on 28 April 1945. Major Joachim Domaschk decided on 30 April: "Heeresgruppe B, postpone!" General Von Lüttwiz together with the remaining forces of the Heeresgruppe B was either taken prisoner of war or missing in action in the Ruhr Pocket on 15 April. The nomination was thus not further processed in accordance with AHA 44 Ziff. 572 (Allgemeines Heeresamt — General Army Office). The nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross also contains a note from 28 April 1945: "postponed". A bestowal thus didn't occur. The sequential number "157" and presentation date were assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR).[62]
  21. ^ Otto Hitzfeld's nomination was rejected by Major Joachim Domaschk on 30 April 1945 and commented: "This is not a nomination!" (Only leadership and organisational achievements, no personal bravery) he additionally noted: "missing in cauldron AOK 11". The nomination was thus assessed as insufficient as well as postponed according to AHA 44 Ziff. 572 (Allgemeines Heeresamt — General Army Office). The entry date noted on the nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross is 28 April 1945. The list indicates a note "deferred". The approval cannot be proven. The order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) handled the case in 1981 and decided: Swords yes, 9 May 1945. The AKCR claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "158" and presentation date was assigned by the AKCR. Hitzfeld was a member of the AKCR.[63]
  22. ^ Josef Bremm's nomination by the troop was rejected by Major Joachim Domaschk on 30 April 1945 and instead recommended for the German Cross in Gold. Just like all other nominations, which at this point in time were related to members of the 11. Armee, the nomination was not further processed since the 11. Armee had capitulated on 21 April 1945 and presentations to prisoners of war or missing in action were prohibited. In all other instances of similar circumstances a note on the nomination can be found stating: "postpone AOK 11" or "postpone according to AHA 44 Ziff. 572 (Allgemeines Heeresamt — General Army Office)". The entry date noted on the nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross is 28 April 1945. The list indicates a note "deferred". The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "159" was assigned by the AKCR. The presentation date was assigned by Fellgiebel. Bremm was a member of the AKCR.[64]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  2. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  3. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c Fellgiebel 2000, p. 33.
  6. ^ a b c Fellgiebel 2000, p. 35.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 36–38.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Fellgiebel 2000, p. 36.
  9. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 548.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Fellgiebel 2000, p. 37.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Fellgiebel 2000, p. 38.
  12. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 49–51.
  13. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 53–104.
  14. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, pp. 117–186.
  15. ^ Scherzer, 2007, pp. 110–116, 128.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Fellgiebel 2000, p. 39.
  17. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 576.
  18. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 199.
  19. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 344.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Fellgiebel 2000, p. 40.
  21. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 720.
  22. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 206.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Fellgiebel 2000, p. 41.
  24. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 41, 475.
  25. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 271.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fellgiebel 2000, p. 42.
  27. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 652.
  28. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 531.
  29. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 688.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Fellgiebel 2000, p. 43.
  31. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 231.
  32. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 486.
  33. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 272.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fellgiebel 2000, p. 44.
  35. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 358.
  36. ^ O'Donnell 1978, 2001, pp. 182, 183, 215.
  37. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 128.
  38. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 675.
  39. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 681.
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fellgiebel 2000, p. 45.
  41. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 347.
  42. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 306.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Fellgiebel 2000, p. 46.
  44. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 800.
  45. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 46, 475.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Fellgiebel 2000, p. 47.
  47. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 474.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Fellgiebel 2000, p. 48.
  49. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 685.
  50. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 161.
  51. ^ Fellgiebell 2000, pp. 49–50.
  52. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 125.
  53. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 267.
  54. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 184.
  55. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 185.
  56. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 176.
  57. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 121.
  58. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 134.
  59. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 159.
  60. ^ a b c d e f Fellgiebel 2000, p. 49.
  61. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 179.
  62. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 157.
  63. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 141.
  64. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 123.
  65. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 801.
  66. ^ Scherzer 2007, pp. 110–116, 128.
General
  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 978-0-88740-580-8. 
  • Krätschmer, Ernst-Günther (1999). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Waffen-SS [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Waffen-SS]. Coburg, Germany: Nation Europa Verlag. ISBN 978-3-920677-43-9. 
  • O'Donnell, James Preston (1978). The Bunker: The History of the Reich Chancellery Group. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-25719-7. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Williamson, Gordon (2006). Knight's Cross with Diamonds Recipients 1941–45. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-644-7. 

External links[edit]