List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (C)

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The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry.[1] A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945.[Note 1] This number is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht—the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD—Reich Labour Service) and the Volkssturm (German national militia). There were also 43 recipients in the military forces of allies of the Third Reich.[3]

These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's book, Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller WehrmachtsteileThe Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches. Fellgiebel was the former chairman and head of the order commission of the AKCR. In 1996 a second edition of this book was published with an addendum delisting 11 of these original recipients. Author and historian Veit Scherzer has cast doubt on a further 193 of these listings. The majority of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process.[4] Scherzer wrote his book in cooperation with the German Federal Archives. The book was chosen by Prof. Dr. Franz W. Seidler for the library of the Bundeswehr University Munich and Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and is considered an accepted reference there.[5][6] For many years Fellgiebel's book was considered the main reference work on this topic, and it has now been succeeded by Scherzer's work.

Listed here are the 82 Knight's Cross recipients of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS whose last name starts with "C".[7] The recipients are initially ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded.

Background[edit]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz), the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes.[8] As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940.[9] In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[10] At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.[11]

Recipients[edit]

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (C)
Service   Number of presentations Posthumous presentations
Heer
51
3
Kriegsmarine
5
0
Luftwaffe
22
1
Waffen-SS
4
1

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists for the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force) and Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade.[12] Of the 82 awards made to servicemen whose last name starts with "C", ten were later awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and five presentations were made posthumously. Heer members received 51 of the medals, five went to the Kriegsmarine, 22 to the Luftwaffe, and four to the Waffen-SS.[7]

      This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
      This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.

Name Service Rank Role and unit[Note 2] Date of award Notes Image
Canders, WernerWerner Canders Heer 15-HMajor[13] Commander of the III./Grenadier-Regiment 408[13][14] 6 April 1944[13]
Canstein, Ulrich Freiherr vonUlrich Freiherr von Canstein Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[13] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 220[13][14] 12 February 1944[13]
Capesius, KurtKurt Capesius Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[13] Deputy Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Kampfgeschwader 66[13][14] 30 November 1944[13]
Cappel, WilhelmWilhelm Cappel Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[13] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 424[13][14] 23 February 1944[13]
Carganico, HorstHorst Carganico Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[13] Staffelkapitän of the 6./Jagdgeschwader 5[14][Note 3] 25 September 1941[13]
Carius, OttoOtto Carius+ Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[13] Platoon leader in the 2./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502[13][14] 4 May 1944[13] Awarded 535th Oak Leaves 27 July 1944[13] A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Carl, FriedrichFriedrich Carl Heer 13-HOberleutnant[13] Leader of the 11./Artillerie-Regiment 269[13][14] 9 May 1942[13]
Carls, RolfRolf Carls Kriegsmarine 20-MAdmiral[13] Marinegruppenbefehlshaber Ost (Naval Group Commander East)[14][Note 4] 14 June 1940[13]
Carpaneto, AlfredoAlfredo Carpaneto Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[13] Panzer commander in the 2./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502[13][14] 28 March 1945*[13] Killed in action 26 January 1945[14]
Casper, CarlCarl Casper Heer 17-HOberst[15] Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 118 (motorized)[14][15] 22 September 1941[15]
Castell-Castell, Prosper Graf zuProsper Graf zu Castell-Castell Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[15] Leader of the 9./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 14[14][15] 23 February 1944[15]
Castka, HorstHorst Castka[Note 5] Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister[16] Vorgeschobener Beobachter (Artillery observer) in the 11./Artillerie-Regiment 1562[14][16] 11 March 1945[16]
Celerin, AlbertAlbert Celerin Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[15] Pilot and observer in the Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4[14][15] 10 October 1944[15]
Chamier-Glisczinski, Wolfgang vonWolfgang von Chamier-Glisczinski Luftwaffe 17-LOberst[15] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 3[15][17] 6 October 1940[15]
Chappuis, Friedrich-Wilhelm vonFriedrich-Wilhelm von Chappuis Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[15] Commander of the 15. Infanterie-Division[15][17] 15 August 1940[15]
Charpentier, Hans-Georg vonHans-Georg von Charpentier Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[18][Note 6] Chief of the 3./SS-Reiter-Regiment 1[15][18] 29 October 1942[15]
A man wearing a military uniform and peaked cap. His cap has an emblem in shape of a human skull and crossed bones.
Chevallerie, Hellmut von derHellmut von der Chevallerie Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[15] Commander of the 13. Panzer-Division[15][17] 30 April 1943[15]
Chevallerie, Kurt von derKurt von der Chevallerie+ Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[15] Commander of the 99. leichte Division[15][17] 23 October 1941[15] Awarded 357th Oak Leaves 19 December 1943[15]
Chevallerie, Botho von LaBotho von La Chevallerie Heer 15-HMajor[15] Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 408[15][17] 24 July 1941[17][Note 7]
Chill, KurtKurt Chill Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[15] Commander of the 122. Infanterie-Division[15][17] 25 October 1943[15]
Chmel, MaxMax Chmel Heer 04-HObergefreiter[19] Group leader in the 8./Grenadier-Regiment 200 (motorized)[17][19] 18 November 1944[19]
Choltitz, Dietrich vonDietrich von Choltitz Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[19] Commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 16 (LL)[17][Note 8] 18 May 1940[17][Note 8]
A man wearing a peaked cap and military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Chowanetz, OttoOtto Chowanetz Heer 09-HFeldwebel[19] Platoon leader in the 1./Grenadier-Regiment 17[17][19] 8 August 1943[19]
Christ, TorstenTorsten Christ Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant im Generalstab[19] Chief of the general staff of the VIII. Fliegerkorps[17][Note 9] 21 October 1942[19]
Christel, KurtKurt Christel Heer 14-HHauptmann[17][Note 10] Company chief in Bau-Bataillon 132[17][Note 10] 4 March 1942*[19] Killed in action 3 March 1942[17]
Christen, FritzFritz Christen Waffen-SS 03-WSS-Sturmmann[19] Richtschütze (gunner) in the 2./SS-Panzer-Jagd-Abteilung 3 "Totenkopf"[17][Note 11] 20 October 1941[19]
Christern, HansHans Christern Heer 15-HMajor[19] Commander of the II./Panzer-Regiment 31[17][19] 31 January 1941[19]
Christiansen, GeorgGeorg Christiansen+ Kriegsmarine 13-MOberleutnant zur See[19] Commander of Schnellboot S-101 in the 1. Schnellbootflottille[17][19] 8 May 1941[19] Awarded 326th Oak Leaves 13 November 1943[19]
Christl, GeorgGeorg Christl Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[19] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel"[17][19] 18 March 1942[19]
Christmann, KarlKarl Christmann Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[19] Observer in the 6./Kampfgeschwader 53 "Legion Condor"[17][19] 5 April 1944[19]
Christofzik, KurtKurt Christofzik Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[19] Chief of the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 530[17][19] 22 August 1943[19]
Christophersen, EgonEgon Christophersen Waffen-SS 06-WSS-Unterscharführer[20] Group leader in the 7./SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 24 "Danmark"[17][Note 12] 11 July 1944[20]
Chrobek, BrunoBruno Chrobek Heer 15-HMajor[20] Commander of I./Infanterie-Regiment 54[20][21] 4 July 1940[20]
Chrzonsz, GünterGünter Chrzonsz Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister[20] Platoon leader in the 2./Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 277[20][21] 12 November 1943[20]
Cierpka, WalterWalter Cierpka Heer 15-HMajor[20] Commander of Heeres-Artillerie-Abteilung 774[21][Note 13] 5 April 1945[20]
Ciliax, OttoOtto Ciliax Kriegsmarine 19-MVizeadmiral[20] Befehlshaber der Schlachtschiffe[20][21] 21 March 1942[20]
Cipa, OskarOskar Cipa Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[20] Group leader in the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 305[20][21] 13 November 1942[20]
Cirener, WilhelmWilhelm Cirener Heer 13-HOberleutnant[20] Chief of the 3./Pionier-Bataillon 33[20][21] 13 July 1940[20]
Claas, PaulPaul Claas Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[20] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 100[20][21] 14 March 1943[20] Killed in action 20 June 1943[20]
Claassen, RichardRichard Claassen Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[20] Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 517[20][21] 29 January 1943[20]
Claassen, TheoTheo Claassen Heer 12-HLeutnant[21][Note 14] Platoon leader in the 14.(Panzerjäger)/Grenadier-Regiment 899[20][21] 27 August 1944[20]
Clausen, ErwinErwin Clausen+ Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[20] Staffelkapitän of the 6./Jagdgeschwader 77[21][Note 15] 19 May 1942[21][Note 15] Awarded 106th Oak Leaves 23 July 1942[20]
Clausen, Karl-UlrichKarl-Ulrich Clausen Heer 14-HHauptmann[22] Chief of the 2./Artillerie-Regiment 30[21][22] 16 April 1944[22]
Clausen, NicolaiNicolai Clausen Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[22] Commander of U-129[21][22] 13 March 1942[22]
Clemente, ErnstErnst Clemente Heer 04-HObergefreiter[22] PAK (anti tank) gunner in the 16./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13[21][22] 30 September 1944[22]
Clemm von Hohenberg, Dieter-HansDieter-Hans Clemm von Hohenberg Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[22] Gruppenkommandeur of the II.(K)/Lehrgeschwader 1[21][22] 18 November 1944*[22] Killed in action 29 June 1944[22]
Cleve, RudolfRudolf Cleve Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[22] Chief of the 3./Flak-Regiment 4 (motorized)[21][22] 4 May 1944[22]
Clossner, ErichErich Clößner Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[22] Commander of the 25. Infanterie-Division[21][22] 29 September 1940[22]
Cluver, HansHans Clüver Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[22] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 266[21][22] 22 January 1944[22]
Coeler, JoachimJoachim Coeler Luftwaffe 18-LGeneralmajor[22] Commander of the 9. Flieger-Division[21][22] 12 July 1940[22]
Cohrs, ErwinErwin Cohrs Heer 15-HMajor[22] Commander of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 67[21][22] 9 December 1944[22]
Collani, HansHans Collani Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer[22] Commander of the SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 49 "De Ruyter" (niederländische Nr. 2)[21][22] 19 August 1944*[22] Killed in action 29 July 1944[22]
Colli, RobertRobert Colli Heer 17-HOberst[22] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 547[21][22] 19 February 1944[22]
Condné, JohannJohann Condné Heer 14-HHauptmann[22] Leader of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 6[22][23] 5 April 1945[22]
Conrad, Dipl.-Ing. GerhardDipl.-Ing. Gerhard Conrad Luftwaffe 17-LOberst[24] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader z.b.V. 2[24][25] 24 May 1940[24]
Conrad, HermannHermann Conrad Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[24] Shock troop leader in the 7./Infanterie-Regiment 330[23][24] 9 July 1941[24]
Conrady, AlexanderAlexander Conrady+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[24] Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 118 (motorized)[23][24] 17 October 1942[24] Awarded 279th Oak Leaves 22 August 1943[24]
Conrath, PaulPaul Conrath+ Luftwaffe 17-LOberst[24] Commander of Flak-Regiment (motorized) "General Göring"[23][24] 4 September 1941[24] Awarded 276th Oak Leaves 21 August 1943[23][Note 16]
Coracino, KlausKlaus Coracino Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[24] Chief of Sturmgeschütz-Begleitkompanie 254 in the I./Grenadier-Regiment 431[23][Note 17] 2 September 1944[24]
Cordes, UdoUdo Cordes Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[24] Pilot in the 9.(Eis)/Kampfgeschwader 3 "Lützow"[23][24] 12 June 1943[23][Note 18]
Corssen, Gunter[Prof. Dr.] Günter Corßen[Note 19] Heer 14-HHauptmann[24] Department leader of Panzer-Regiment 39[23][24] 8 February 1943[24]
Corts, HelmutHelmut Corts Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[23][Note 20] Platoon leader in the 2./Flak-Regiment 64 (motorized)[23][Note 20] 20 June 1940[24]
Cossel, Hans-Detloff vonHans-Detloff von Cossel+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant[24] Leader of the 1./Panzer-Regiment 35[23][24] 8 September 1941[24] Awarded 285th Oak Leaves 29 August 1943[24]
Coutre, Georg leGeorg le Coutre Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[24] Leader of the 10./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 6[23][24] 7 February 1945[24]
Cramer, HansHans Cramer Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[24] Commander of Panzer-Regiment 8 im DAK[23][24] 27 June 1941[24]
A man wearing a field cap and military uniform with various military decorations including an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Cramer, HeinzHeinz Cramer Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[26] Gruppenkommandeur of the II.(K)/Lehrgeschwader 1[23][26] 18 September 1940[26]
Cramm, Wilhelm-Ernst Freiherr vonWilhelm-Ernst Freiherr von Cramm Heer 15-HMajor[26] Commander of Divisions-Füsilier-Abteilung 58[26][27] 11 April 1944[26]
Crantz, FriedrichFriedrich Crantz Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[26] Chief of the 10./Grenadier-Regiment 416[23][26] 3 March 1943[26]
Cranz, Friedrich-CarlFriedrich-Carl Cranz Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[26] Commander of the 18. Infanterie-Division (motorized)[26][27] 29 June 1940[26]
Crasemann, EduardEduard Crasemann+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[26] Commander of Artillerie-Regiment 33 (motorized)[26][27] 26 December 1941[26] Awarded 683rd Oak Leaves 18 December 1944[26]
Cremer, Peter-ErichPeter-Erich Cremer Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[26] Commander of U-333[23][26] 5 June 1942[26]
Crinius, WilhelmWilhelm Crinius+ Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel[26] Pilot in the 3./Jagdgeschwader 53[23][26] 23 September 1942[26] Awarded 127th Oak Leaves 23 September 1942[26]
Crisolli, WilhelmWilhelm Crisolli Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[26] Commander of Schützen-Regiment 8[23][26] 15 July 1941[26]
Cruger, ArvedArved Crüger Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[26] Staffelkapitän of the 5./Kampfgeschwader 30[23][Note 21] 14 June 1940[23][Note 21]
Cruwell, LudwigLudwig Crüwell+ Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[26] Commander of the 11. Panzer-Division[26][28] 14 May 1941[26] Awarded 34th Oak Leaves 1 September 1941[26] Crüwell is seen in profile. He wears a military uniform, along with a cap for desert warfare. His Iron Cross displayed at the front of his shirt collar.
Crusius, HeinzHeinz Crusius Heer 13-HOberleutnant[26] Chief of the 4./Infanterie-Regiment 453[26][28] 3 May 1942[26]
Cullmann, KurtKurt Cullmann Heer 10-HOberfähnrich[29] Deputy leader of the 2./Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 260[28][29] 9 June 1944*[29] Killed in action 29 March 1944[28]
Cuno, KurtKurt Cuno Heer 17-HOberst[29] Commander of Panzer-Regiment 39[28][29] 18 January 1942[29]
Cygan, LeoLeo Cygan Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[29] Platoon leader in the 1./Pionier-Bataillon 102[28][29] 5 January 1944[29]
Czekay, RichardRichard Czekay Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[28][Note 22] Staffelkapitän of the 3./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann" and adjutant of the I./Schlachtgeschwader 2[28][Note 22] 30 December 1942[29]
Czernik, GerhardGerhard Czernik Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[29] Staffelkapitän of the 6./Kampfgeschwader 2[28][29] 16 May 1941[29]
Czorny, WilhelmWilhelm Czorny Heer 03-HGefreiter[29] Machine gun leader in the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Großdeutschland"[28][Note 23] 4 October 1944[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Großadmiral and President of Germany Karl Dönitz, Hitler's successor as Head of State (Staatsoberhaupt) and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, had ordered the cessation of all promotions and awards as of 11 May 1945 (Dönitz-decree). Consequently the last Knight's Cross awarded to Oberleutnant zur See of the Reserves Georg-Wolfgang Feller on 17 June 1945 must therefore be considered a de facto but not de jure hand-out.[2]
  2. ^ For an explanation of the various naming schemes used by the Luftwaffe, Heer, Kriegsmarine and Waffen-SS refer to nomenclature used by the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS.
  3. ^ According to Scherzer as Staffelkapitän of the 1./Jagdgeschwader 77.[13]
  4. ^ According to Scherzer a commander-in-chief of Marinegruppenkommando Ost (Naval Group Commando East).[13]
  5. ^ According to Scherzer last name is spelled Kastka.[16]
  6. ^ According to Scherzer as SS-Hauptsturmführer of the Reserves.[15]
  7. ^ According to Scherzer on 25 July 1941.[15]
  8. ^ a b According to Scherzer on 29 May 1940 as commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 16.[19]
  9. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the general staff of the IV. Fliegerkorps.[19]
  10. ^ a b According to Scherzer as Hauptmann of the Reserves zur Verwendung (for disposition) and chief of the 1./Bau-Bataillon 132.[19]
  11. ^ According to Scherzer as a Richtschütze (gunner) in the 2./SS-Panzer-Jagd-Abteilung of the SS-"Totenkopf"-Division.[19]
  12. ^ According to Scherzer as a group leader in the 7./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 24 "Danmark".[20]
  13. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Heeres-Artillerie-Abteilung (22 cm-Mörser, bodenständig) 774.[20]
  14. ^ According to Scherzer as Leutnant of the Reserves.[20]
  15. ^ a b According to Scherzer on 22 May 1942 as a pilot in the 1./Jagdgeschwader 77[20]
  16. ^ According to Scherzer on 22 August 1943.[24]
  17. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of Sturmgeschütz-Begleitkompanie 254 in the 254. Infanterie-Division.[24]
  18. ^ According to Scherzer on 25 May 1943.[24]
  19. ^ The brackets around the professor and doctor title [Prof. Dr.] denotes that the academic title was attained after the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded.
  20. ^ a b According to Scherzer as Leutnant and a battery officer in the 2./Flak-Regiment 64 (motorized).[24]
  21. ^ a b According to Scherzer on 19 June 1940 as Staffelkapitän of the 3./Kampfgeschwader 30.[26]
  22. ^ a b According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant and adjutant of the I./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann".[29]
  23. ^ According to Scherzer in the 2.(gepanzert)/Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Großdeutschland".[29]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Williamson and Bujeiro 2004, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 4.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 113–460, 483, 485–487, 492, 494, 498–499, 501, 503, 509.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, pp. 117–186.
  5. ^ "Stimmen zum Buch "Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945" von Veit Scherzer" (PDF). Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag (in German). Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Scherzer 2007, cover.
  7. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 152–156, 488.
  8. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  9. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  10. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  11. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  12. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 112.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Scherzer 2007, p. 257.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Fellgiebel 2000, p. 152.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Scherzer 2007, p. 258.
  16. ^ a b c d Scherzer 2007, p. 433.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Fellgiebel 2000, p. 153.
  18. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 153, 488.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Scherzer 2007, p. 259.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 260.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Fellgiebel 2000, p. 154.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Scherzer 2007, p. 261.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Fellgiebel 2000, p. 155.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 262.
  25. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 155, 488.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 263.
  27. ^ a b c Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 155, 489.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fellgiebel 2000, p. 156.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Scherzer 2007, p. 264.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Williamson, Gordon; Bujeiro, Ramiro (2004). Knight's Cross and Oak Leaves Recipients 1939–40. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-641-6. 
Further reading
  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 978-0-88740-580-8. 

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