List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (Ka–Km)

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The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry.[1] A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945.[Note 1] This number is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht—the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD—Reich Labour Service) and the Volkssturm (German national militia). There were also 43 recipients in the military forces of allies of the Third Reich.[3]

These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's book, Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller WehrmachtteileThe Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches. Fellgiebel was the former chairman and head of the order commission of the AKCR. In 1996 a second edition of this book was published with an addendum delisting 11 of these original recipients. Author and historian Veit Scherzer has cast doubt on a further 193 of these listings. The majority of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process.[4] Scherzer wrote his book in cooperation with the German Federal Archives. The book was chosen by Prof. Dr. Franz W. Seidler for the library of the Bundeswehr University Munich and Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and is considered an accepted reference there.[5][6] For many years Fellgiebel's book was considered the main reference work on this topic, and it has now been succeeded by Scherzer's work.

Listed here are the 289 Knight's Cross recipients of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS whose last name is in the range "Ka–Km".[7] Author and historian Veit Scherzer has challenged the validity of four of these listings.[8] This is the first of two lists of all 717 Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients whose last names start with "K". The recipients whose last names are in the range "Kn–Kz" are listed at List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (Kn–Kz).[9] The recipients are initially ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded.

Background[edit]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz), the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes.[10] As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub), was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940.[11] In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[12] At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.[13]

Recipients[edit]

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ka–Km)
Service   Number of presentations Posthumous presentations
Heer
192
15
Kriegsmarine
15
1
Luftwaffe
62
3
Waffen-SS
20
1

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists, one for each of the three military branches, Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force) and for the Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade.[14] Of the 289 awards made to servicemen whose last name is in the range "Ka–Km", 36 were later awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, five the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords and one the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds; 20 presentations were made posthumously. Heer members received 192 of the medals; 15 went to the Kriegsmarine, 62 to the Luftwaffe, and 20 to the Waffen-SS.[7] The sequential numbers greater than 843 for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves are unofficial and were assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) and are therefore denoted in parentheses.[15]

      This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
      This along with the * (asterisk), indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.
      This along with the ? (question mark) indicates that historian Veit Scherzer has expressed doubt regarding the veracity and formal correctness of the listing.

Name Service Rank Role and unit[Note 2] Date of award Notes Image
Kachel, GeorgGeorg Kachel Heer 14-HHauptmann[16] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 670[16][17] 4 May 1944[16]
Kaden, WolfgangWolfgang Kaden Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant of the Reserves[18] Commander of U-Jäger UJ-116[17][18] 18 December 1940[18]
Kadenbach, HerbertHerbert Kadenbach Heer 09-HFeldwebel[18] Platoon leader in the 12./Jäger-Regiment 28[17][18] 16 September 1942[18]
Kaeber, HellmutHellmut Kaeber Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[18] Staffelkapitän of the 1.(N)/Aufklärungs-Gruppe 13[17][Note 3] 28 January 1945[18]
Kaeding, WalterWalter Käding Kriegsmarine 10-MObersteuermann[18] 3rd watch officer and coxswain on U-123[17][18] 15 May 1944[18]
Kaehler, OttoOtto Kähler+ Kriegsmarine 17-MKapitän zur See[18] Commander of Hilfskreuzer "Thor" (HSK 4)[17][18] 22 December 1940[18] Awarded 583rd Oak Leaves 15 September 1944[18]
Kaehne, Edgar-KarlEdgar-Karl Kaehne Heer 14-HHauptmann[17][Note 4] Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 135[17] 2 February 1942[18]
Kaellner, HansHans Källner+ Heer 17-HOberst[18] Commander of Schützen-Regiment 73[17][18] 3 May 1942[18] Awarded 392nd Oak Leaves 12 February 1944
106th Swords 23 October 1944[18]
Kaemmerer, EdmundEdmund Kämmerer Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[18] Kompanietruppführer (company headquarters leader) in the 6./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 76[17][18] 5 April 1945[18]
Kaempfe, HelmutHelmut Kämpfe Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer of the Reserves[18] Commander of the III.(gepanzerte)/SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4 "Der Führer"[17][18] 10 December 1943[18]
Kaeppel, RudolfRudolf Kaeppel Heer 14-HHauptmann[18] Chief of the Divisions-Begleit-Kompanie of the 11. Panzer-Division[17][18] 1 February 1945*[18] Killed in action 25 January 1945[17]
Kaes, JosefJosef Käs Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[18] Platoon leader in the 2./Grenadier-Regiment 19[18][19] 18 July 1943[18]
Kaeseberg, HerbertHerbert Käseberg Heer 12-HLeutnant[20] Leader of the 5./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 156[19][20] 14 April 1945[20]
Kaessler, WernerWerner Kaessler Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[20] Chief of the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 108[17][20] 27 August 1944*[20] Died of wounds 23 August 1944[20]
Kaestner, RobertRobert Kaestner+ Heer 15-HMajor[20] Leader of Grenadier-Regiment 105[17][20] 11 December 1943[20] Awarded 401st Oak Leaves 21 February 1944[20]
Kaether, ErnstErnst Kaether Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[17][Note 5] Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 14[17][20] 10 December 1942[20]
Kageneck, Clemens-Heinrich Graf vonClemens-Heinrich Graf von Kageneck+ Heer 14-HHauptmann[20] Commander of schwere Panzer-Abteilung 503 (Tiger)[17][Note 6] 4 August 1943[20] Awarded 513th Oak Leaves 26 June 1944[20]
Kageneck, Erbo Graf vonErbo Graf von Kageneck+ Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[20] Staffelkapitän of the 9./Jagdgeschwader 27[20][21] 30 July 1941[20] Awarded 39th Oak Leaves 26 October 1941[20]
Kahl, BrunoBruno Kahl+ Heer 14-HHauptmann[20] Commander of the III./Panzer-Regiment 21[20][21] 8 February 1943[20] Awarded 270th Oak Leaves 8 August 1943[20]
Kahl, KonradKonrad Kahl Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[20] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 30[20][21] 13 August 1942[20]
Kahle, HelmuthHelmuth Kahle Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[20] Observer in the 3./Kampfgeschwader 4 "General Wever"[20][21] 9 June 1944[20]
Kahle, RudolfRudolf Kahle Heer 14-HHauptmann[20] Commander of Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 40[20][21] 2 September 1944[20]
Kahler, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Kahler+ Heer 15-HMajor[20] Commander of Kradschützen-Bataillon 34[20][21] 14 April 1943[20] Awarded 355th Oak Leaves 17 December 1943[20]
Kahsnitz, ErichErich Kahsnitz Heer 17-HOberst[22] Commander of Füsilier-Regiment "Großdeutschland"[21][22] 15 July 1943[22]
Kainz, KarlKarl Kainz Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[22] Chief of the 11./Jäger-Regiment 25[21][22] 31 January 1945[22]
Kaiser, AlbertAlbert Kaiser Heer 14-HHauptmann[22] Chief of the 1./Gebirgs-Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 44[21][22] 21 August 1941*[22] Killed in action 6 August 1941[21]
Kaiser, ErichErich Kaiser Heer 13-HOberleutnant[22] Chief of the 6./Panzer-Regiment 39[21][22] 26 February 1942[22]
Kaiser, HerbertHerbert Kaiser Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[22] Pilot in the 8./Jagdgeschwader 77 (later Jagdgeschwader 1)[21][Note 7] 14 March 1943[22]
Kaiser, VinzenzVinzenz Kaiser Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[22] Leader of the III.(gepanzerte)/SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4 "Der Führer"[21][Note 8] 6 April 1943[22]
Kaiser, WilhelmWilhelm Kaiser Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[22] Adjutant in the III./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[21][22] 4 February 1942[22]
Kalb, HansHans Kalb Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[22] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 320[21][22] 29 February 1944[22]
Kalbitz, HelmutHelmut Kalbitz+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant[22] Chief of the 1./Pionier-Bataillon 125[21][22] 23 August 1941[22] Awarded 366th Oak Leaves 7 January 1944[22]
Kalden, PeterPeter Kalden Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[22] Staffelführer of the 13./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[21][Note 9] 6 December 1944[22]
Kaldrack, RolfRolf Kaldrack+ Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[22] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Zerstörergeschwader 76[21][22] 2 November 1940[22] Awarded 70th Oak Leaves 9 February 1942[22]
Kaletsch, GeorgGeorg Kaletsch Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[23] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 283[21][23] 26 March 1944[23]
Kalinowsky, Herbert vonHerbert von Kalinowsky Heer 17-HOberst[23] Commander of Volks-Werfer-Brigader 8[21][23] 30 April 1945[23]
Kalkgruber, DavidDavid Kalkgruber Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[23] Group leader of the 5./Grenadier-Regiment 3[21][23] 19 August 1944[23]
Kalkhoff, WalterWalter Kalkhoff Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[23] Group leader of the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 67 (motorized)[24][Note 10] 26 May 1940[23]
Kalm, Hennig-Tile vonHennig-Tile von Kalm Heer 15-HMajor[23] Deputy leader of Grenadier-Regiment 24[23][24] 17 September 1944[23]
Kalow, SiegfriedSiegfried Kalow Luftwaffe 06-LUnteroffizier[23] Group leader in the 10./Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 2 "Hermann Göring"[23][24] 29 October 1944*[23] Killed in action 12 August 1944[24]
Kals, ErnstErnst Kals Kriegsmarine 15-MKorvettenkapitän[23] Commander of U-130[23][24] 1 September 1942[23]
Kalss, AloisAlois Kalss Waffen-SS 13-WSS-Obersturmführer[23] Leader of the 1./schwere SS-Panzer-Abteilung 502[23][24] 23 August 1944[23]
Kam, SørenSøren Kam Waffen-SS 12-WSS-Untersturmführer[23] Leader of the 1./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 9 "Germania"[23][24] 7 February 1945[23]
Kamecke, HansHans Kamecke Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[23] Commander of the 137. Infanterie-Division[23][24] 27 October 1943*[23] Killed in action 16 October 1943[24]
Kaminski, AugustAugust Kaminski Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[23] Platoon leader of the 3./schwere Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 655[23][24] 6 October 1944[23]
Kaminski, HerbertHerbert Kaminski Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[23] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel"[23][24] 6 August 1941[23]
Kaminski, WernerWerner Kaminski?[Note 11] Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[24] Ia (operations officer) of the Festungs-Division Kreta[24] 6 May 1945[24]
Kaminsky, EmilEmil Kaminsky+ Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[26] Platoon leader in Infanterie-Regiment 446[24][Note 12] 15 October 1942[26] Awarded 497th Oak Leaves 12 June 1944[26]
Kamischke, WernerWerner Kamischke Heer 14-HHauptmann[26] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 4[24][26] 9 January 1945[26]
Kammhuber, JosefJosef Kammhuber Luftwaffe 18-LGeneralmajor[26] Commander of the 1. Nachtjagd-Division[24][26] 9 July 1941[26]
A man wearing a military uniform and neck order, in the shape of a cross. He has short hair that is combed back and a determined facial expression.
Kamptz, Gerhard vonGerhard von Kamptz+ Kriegsmarine 15-MKorvettenkapitän[26] Chief of the 2. Räumbootflottille[24][26] 6 October 1940[26] Awarded 225th Oak Leaves 14 April 1943[26]
Kamski, JohannJohann Kamski Heer 04-HObergefreiter[26] In the 14./Grenadier-Regiment z.b.V. 1. Panzer-Armee[24][Note 13] 30 April 1945[26]
Kannenberg, KurtKurt Kannenberg Heer 11-HStabsfeldwebel[26] Platoon leader in the 3./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 506[24][26] 9 December 1944*[26] Killed in action 17 November 1944[24]
Kapp, WolfgangWolfgang Kapp Heer 15-HMajor[26] Commander of Sturmgeschütz-Lehr-Brigade 920[24][26] 3 March 1945[26]
Kappis, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Kappis+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[26] Deputy leader of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 45[24][26] 18 February 1945[26] Awarded (849th) Oak Leaves 28 April 1945[26]
Kapsreiter, FranzFranz Kapsreiter Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[26] Platoon leader in the 4.(Sturmgeschütz)/Führer-Grenadier-Brigade[24][26] 14 January 1945[26]
Karau, AugustAugust Karau Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[26] Leader of the 9./Grenadier-Regiment 46[24][26] 12 January 1945[26]
Karbe, AdalbertAdalbert Karbe Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[26] Staffelkapitän of the 3./Kampfgeschwader 55[24][26] 12 November 1941[26]
Karch, FritzFritz Karch Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[27] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen"[24][27] 17 April 1945[27]
Karcher, Karl-EhrhartKarl-Ehrhart Karcher Kriegsmarine 13-MOberleutnant zur See[27] Commander of Schnellboot S-87 in the 4. Schnellbootflottille[27][28] 12 August 1943[27]
Karck, GeorgGeorg Karck Waffen-SS 13-WSS-Obersturmführer[28][Note 14] Leader of the 9./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 2 "Leibsatndarte SS Adolf Hitler"[28][Note 14] 3 August 1943[27]
Karczewski, BrunoBruno Karczewski+ Heer 15-HMajor[27] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 162[27][28] 12 March 1944[27] Awarded 767th Oak Leaves 5 March 1945[27]
Kardel, HenneckeHennecke Kardel Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[27] Adjutant in the III./Grenadier-Regiment 399[27][28] 23 February 1944[27]
Karg, UlrichUlrich Karg Heer 06-HOberjäger[27] Leader of the bicycle platoon in the 17./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 91[27][28] 5 July 1943[27]
Karl, FranzFranz Karl Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[27] Commander of the 263. Infanterie-Division[27][28] 5 August 1940[27]
Karl, Friedrich-WilhelmFriedrich-Wilhelm Karl Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer[27] Commander of SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 11 "Nordland"[28][Note 15] 26 December 1944[27]
Karl, JosefJosef Karl+ Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[27] Gun commander in the 2./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 49[27][28] 26 August 1943[27] Awarded 397th Oak Leaves 16 February 1944[27] A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Karl, OttoOtto Karl Kriegsmarine 13-MOberleutnant zur See of the Reserves[27] Commander of Artillerie-Leichter AF-65[28][Note 16] 21 March 1945[27]
Karow, GustavGustav Karow Heer 17-HOberst of the Reserves[27] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 322[27][28] 19 August 1944[27]
Karrenberg, AlbertAlbert Karrenberg Heer 13-HOberleutnant[29] Chief of the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 9[28][29] 11 December 1944[29]
Karst, FriedrichFriedrich Karst Heer 17-HOberst[29] Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 461[28][29] 28 August 1942[29]
Kassner, HelmutHelmut Kassner Heer 17-HOberst[28][Note 17] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 975[28][29] 14 April 1945[29]
Kastl, AndreasAndreas Kastl Heer 09-HFeldwebel[29] Platoon leader in the 11./Grenadier-Regiment 20 (motorized)[28][29] 14 May 1944[29]
Kastner, GustavGustav Kastner Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[29] Leader of the 2./Artillerie-Regiment 389[28][29] 12 December 1944[29]
Kastner, JosefJosef Kastner Heer 06-HOberjäger[29] Platoon leader in the 7./Jäger-Regiment 207[28][29] 2 June 1943[29]
Katzenmeier, HansHans Katzenmeier Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[29] Platoon leader in the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 698[28][29] 9 June 1944[29]
Kaubisch, HorstHorst Kaubisch+ Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[29] Staffelkapitän of the 9./Sturzkampfgeschwader 77[28][29] 16 November 1942[29] Awarded 505th Oak Leaves 24 June 1944[29]
Kauermann, HelmutHelmut Kauermann Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[29] Platoon leader in the 7./Panzer-Regiment 2[28][29] 20 March 1944[29]
Kauffmann, GerhardGerhard Kauffmann Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[29] Commander of the 256. Infanterie-Division[28][29] 9 July 1941[29]
Kaup, HeinrichHeinrich Kaup Heer 04-HObergefreiter[29] In the 3./Grenadier-Regiment 184[28][29] 19 September 1943[29]
Kausch, Paul-AlbertPaul-Albert Kausch+ Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer[30] Commander of SS-Panzer-Abteilung 11 "Hermann von Salza"[28][30] 23 August 1944[30] Awarded (845th) Oak Leaves 23 April 1945?[31][Note 18]
Kautz, OskarOskar Kautz Heer 13-HOberleutnant[30] Chief of the 7./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 156[32][Note 19] 28 July 1943*[30] Killed in action 22 July 1943[28]
Kayß, AlfredAlfred Kayß Heer 13-HOberleutnant[30] Company chief in Feldersatz-Bataillon 267[30][33] 18 January 1944*[30] Killed in action 5 January 1944[33]
Kazmeier, PaulPaul Kazmeier[Note 20] Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[30] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 420[30][33] 26 October 1943[30]
Kecht, FranzFranz Kecht Heer 13-HOberleutnant[30] Leader of the III./Grenadier-Regiment 70[30][33] 18 October 1943[30]
Keck, JohannesJohannes Keck Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[30] Leader of the 2./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 23[30][33] 18 February 1945[30]
Keck, KarlKarl Keck Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer and Hauptmann of the Schutzpolizei[30] Leader of the 15.(Pionier)/SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 21 "Frundsberg"[33][Note 21] 23 August 1944*[30] Killed in action 11 July 1944[33]
Kedzia, Ernst-GeorgErnst-Georg Kedzia+ Heer 14-HHauptmann[30] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 272[30][33] 26 November 1944[30] Awarded 794th Oak Leaves 23 March 1945[30]
Keese, HeinrichHeinrich Keese+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[30] Chief of the 2./Pionier-Bataillon 20 (motorized)[30][33] 20 October 1944[30] Awarded 805th Oak Leaves 28 March 1945[30]
Kegel, Karl-LudwigKarl-Ludwig Kegel Heer 12-HLeutnant[30] Leader of the 5./Panzer-Regiment 18[30][33] 25 August 1941[30]
Keichel, OttoOtto Keichel Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[30] Spähtruppführer (reconnaissance troop leader) in the 1./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Lehr-Abteilung 130[30][33] 18 January 1945[30]
Keil, AntonAnton Keil Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[30] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1[30][33] 19 August 1940[30]
Keil, GüntherGünther Keil Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[34] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 919[33][34] 27 July 1944[34]
Keil, MaxMax Keil Heer 13-HOberleutnant[34] Deputy leader of the 1./Panzer-Regiment 8 in the DAK[33][Note 22] 20 April 1943*[34] Killed in action 8 April 1943[33]
Keiling, SiegfriedSiegfried Keiling Heer 14-HHauptmann[34] Commander of Artillerie-Abteilung 62 (russisch)[35][Note 23] 4 October 1944[34]
Keiner, WalterWalter Keiner Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[34] Commander of the 62. Infanterie-Division[33][34] 17 July 1941[34]
Keipp, WillyWilly Keipp Heer 09-HFeldwebel[34] Platoon leader in the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 124[33][34] 30 October 1943[34]
Keiser, PaulPaul Keiser Heer 17-HOberst[34] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 326[33][34] 6 November 1943[34]
Keitel, WilhelmWilhelm Keitel Heer 21-HGeneraloberst[34] Chief of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht[33][34] 30 September 1939[34]
A man wearing a military uniform with various military decorations, mustache and neck order, in the shape of a cross. He has short hair that is combed back and a determined facial expression.
Kelbch, AlbertAlbert Kelbch Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[34] Pilot in the 1.(F)/Aufklärungs-Gruppe 120[33][Note 24] 12 November 1943*[34] Killed in action 8 November 1943[33]
Kelbling, GerdGerd Kelbling Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[34] Commander of U-593[33][34] 18 August 1943[34]
Keller, AlfredAlfred Keller Luftwaffe 20-LGeneral der Flieger[34] Commanding general of the IV. Fliegerkorps[33][34] 24 June 1940[34]
Keller, LotharLothar Keller Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[34] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 3[33][34] 9 July 1941*[34] Killed in flying accident 26 June 1941[33]
Kellermann, OrtwinOrtwin Kellermann Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[34] Chief of the 1./Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon (A.A.) 72[36][Note 25] 30 September 1944[34]
Kellner, WolfgangWolfgang Kellner Heer 13-HOberleutnant[37] Chief of the 1./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 24[36][37] 14 April 1945[37]
Kemethmüller, HeinzHeinz Kemethmüller Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel[37] Pilot in the 8./Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"[36][Note 26] 2 October 1942[37]
Kemler, HeinrichHeinrich Kemler Heer 14-HHauptmann[37] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 78[36][37] 14 April 1945[37]
Kemnade, FriedrichFriedrich Kemnade+ Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[37] Chief of the 3. Schnellbootflottille[36][37] 23 July 1942[37] Awarded 249th Oak Leaves 27 May 1943[37]
Kempas, TraugottTraugott Kempas+ Heer 14-HHauptmann[37] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 176[36][37] 9 December 1944[37] Awarded 757th Oak Leaves 28 February 1945[37]
Kempe, WalterWalter Kempe Heer 09-HFeldwebel[37] Platoon leader in the 2./Pionier-Bataillon 248[36][37] 14 May 1944[37]
Kempf, KarlKarl Kempf Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[37] Pilot in the 7./Jagdgeschwader 54[36][37] 4 February 1942[37]
Kempf, WernerWerner Kempf+ Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[37] Commander of the 6. Panzer-Division[36][37] 3 June 1940[37] Awarded 111th Oak Leaves 10 August 1942[37]
Kempin, GüntherGünther Kempin Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel[37] Pilot in the 14./Kampfgeschwader 27 "Boelcke"[36][37] 17 April 1945[37]
Kempke, WilhelmWilhelm Kempke Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel[37] Group leader in the 1./Fallschirmjäger-Sturm-Regiment (7. Flieger-Division)[36][Note 27] 21 August 1941[37]
Kempken, [Dr.] Heinrich[Dr.] Heinrich Kempken[Note 28] Luftwaffe 09-LFahnenjunker-Feldwebel[37] Pilot in the 7./Schlachtgeschwader 3[36][37] 29 October 1944[37]
Kendler, RudolfRudolf Kendler Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[37] Tasked with the leadership of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 4[36][Note 29] 2 September 1944[37]
Kennel, KarlKarl Kennel+ Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[36][Note 30] Staffelkapitän of the 5./Schlachtgeschwader 1[36][38] 19 September 1943[38] Awarded 666th Oak Leaves 25 November 1944[38]
Kentrat, Eitel-FriedrichEitel-Friedrich Kentrat Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[38] Commander of U-74[36][38] 31 December 1941[38]
Keppel, WilhelmWilhelm Keppel Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[38] Assistant Vorgeschobener Beobachter (forward observer) in 7./Artillerie-Regiment 227[36][38] 9 June 1944[38]
Keppler, GeorgGeorg Keppler Waffen-SS 17-WSS-Oberführer[38] Commander of SS-Infanterie-Regiment (motorized) "Der Führer" in the SS-Verfügungs-Division (later "Das Reich")[36][Note 31] 15 August 1940[38]
Keppler, HansHans Keppler Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[38] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Kampfgeschwader 1 "Hindenburg"[36][38] 20 August 1942[38]
Kepplinger, LudwigLudwig Kepplinger Waffen-SS 10-WSS-Hauptscharführer[38] Shock troops leader and platoon leader in the 11./SS-Infanterie-Regiment "Der Führer"[36][38] 4 September 1940[38]
Kercher, FritzFritz Kercher Heer 12-HLeutnant[38] Platoon leader in the 1.(Sturmgeschütz)/Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 5[36][Note 32] 6 March 1944[38]
Kerfin, HorstHorst Kerfin Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[38] Chief of the 11./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1[36][Note 33] 24 May 1940[38]
Kern, FriedrichFriedrich Kern Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[38] Commander of the III./Artillerie-Regiment 198[38][39] 30 December 1943[38]
Kern, KarlKarl Kern Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[38] Pilot in the 6./Transportgeschwader 3[39][Note 34] 9 June 1944[38]
Kern, WilhelmWilhelm Kern Heer 13-HOberleutnant[38] Chief of the 10./Grenadier-Regiment 44[38][39] 5 April 1944[38]
Kerscher, AlbertAlbert Kerscher Heer 09-HFeldwebel[38] Panzer commander in the 2./schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502[38][39] 23 October 1944[38]
Kertz, WolframWolfram Kertz Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[40] Leader of the 8./Kampfgruppe "Bruhn" (II./SS-Panzerkorps)[39][Note 35] 4 October 1944[40]
Kerutt, HellmutHellmut Kerutt Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[40] Commander of Fallschirmjäger-Bataillon "Kerutt"[39][Note 36] 2 February 1945[40]
Kessel, KarlKarl Kessel Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[40] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 2[39][40] 23 January 1944[39][Note 37]
Kessel, Mortimer vonMortimer von Kessel+ Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[40] Commander of the 20. Panzer-Division[39][40] 28 December 1943[40] Awarded 611th Oak Leaves 16 October 1944[40]
Kessel, WilhelmWilhelm Kessel Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister[40] Platoon leader in the 3./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung "Großdeutschland"[39][40] 23 February 1944[40]
Kesselring, AlbertAlbert Kesselring+ Luftwaffe 20-LGeneral der Flieger[40] Chief of Luftflotte 1[39][Note 38] 30 September 1939[40] Awarded 78th Oak Leaves 25 February 1942
15th Swords 18 July 1942
14th Diamonds 19 July 1944[40]
Head-and-shoulders portrait of a uniformed Nazi German air force general in his 50s wearing an Iron Cross.
Kessler, ArnoldArnold Kessler Heer 15-HMajor[40] Commander of Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 61[39][40] 4 October 1944[40]
Kessler, HermannHermann Keßler Heer 17-HOberst[40] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 192[39][40] 17 September 1943[40]
Kessler, UlrichUlrich Kessler Luftwaffe 19-LGeneralleutnant[40] Fliegerführer Atlantik[39][40] 8 April 1944[40]
Kessler, WolfgangWolfgang Kessler Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[40] Deputy leader of the I./Artillerie-Regiment 181[39][40] 16 April 1944[40]
Kesten, DieterDieter Kesten Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[40] Leader of the 6./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 "Das Reich"[39][Note 39] 12 November 1943[40]
Ketelhodt, Gerd Freiherr vonGerd Freiherr von Ketelhodt Heer 13-HOberleutnant[41] Chief of the 9./Infanterie-Regiment 472[39][41] 13 July 1940[41]
Ketscher, HansHans Ketscher Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[41] Observer in the 1.(F)/Aufklärungs-Gruppe 121[39][Note 40] 24 November 1944[39][Note 40]
Ketterer, KarlKarl Ketterer Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[41] Platoon leader in the 7./Panzer-Regiment 15[39][41] 24 March 1943[41]
Ketterl, FranzFranz Ketterl Heer 13-HOberleutnant[39][Note 41] Chief of the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 438[39][41] 12 January 1942[41]
Kettgen, HansHans Kettgen Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[41] Commander of the I./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Schill"[39][Note 42] 14 February 1945[41]
Kettmann, RudolfRudolf Kettmann Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[41] Assault gun leader in the Panzer-Jäger-Kompanie 1122[39][41] 17 April 1945[41]
Keup, Dr. med. WalterDr. med. Walter Keup Heer 12-HAssistenzarzt (assistant doctor—rank equivalent to Leutnant)[39][Note 43] Battalion doctor of the I./Füsilier-Regiment 202[39][41] 21 March 1944[41]
Keußler, Friedrich vonFriedrich von Keußler Heer 17-HOberst[41] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 1[39][41] 23 February 1944[41]
Kiefer, EduardEduard Kiefer[Note 44] Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[42] Chief of the 2./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung "Hermann Göring"[39][42] 18 May 1943[42]
Kiefer, HermannHermann Kiefer Heer 13-HOberleutnant[41] Commander of Stellungs-Kampfgruppe XII./2 (416. Infanterie-Division)[43][Note 45] 5 April 1945[41]
Kiefer, MartinMartin Kiefer Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[41] Group leader in the 7./Grenadier-Regiment 320[41][43] 12 August 1944[41]
Kieffer, Dr. phil. EmilDr. phil. Emil Kieffer Kriegsmarine 15-MKorvettenkapitän of the Reserves[41] Chief of the 3. Minensuchflottille[41][43] 3 December 1944[41]
Kiehl, RudolfRudolf Kiehl Heer 14-HHauptmann[44] Leader of the Kampfstaffel in the DAK Begleitkommando "Rommel" and leader of Kampfgruppe "Kiehl"[43][Note 46] 6 July 1942[44]
Kiel, JohannesJohannes Kiel Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant of the Reserves[44] Pilot in the I./Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel"[43][44] 18 March 1942[44]
Kiel, RudolfRudolf Kiel Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[44] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 55[43][44] 20 December 1941[44]
Kienast, FritzFritz Kienast Heer 13-HOberleutnant[44] Leader of the 1./Füsilier-Bataillon "Deba"[45][Note 47] 9 April 1944[44]
Kiene, AugustAugust Kiene Heer 12-HLeutnant[44] Leader of the 7./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 14[43][44] 4 May 1944[44]
Kienitz, WernerWerner Kienitz Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[44] Commanding general of the XVII. Armeekorps[43][44] 31 August 1941[44]
Kientsch, WillyWilly Kientsch+ Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[44] Staffelführer of the 6./Jagdgeschwader 27[43][Note 48] 22 November 1943[44] Awarded 527th Oak Leaves 20 July 1944[44]
Kiermeier, HeinrichHeinrich Kiermeier Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[44] Group leader in the 8./Grenadier-Regiment 423[43][44] 23 August 1944[44]
Kieser, WilhelmWilhelm Kieser Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[44] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 313[43][44] 16 September 1943[44]
Kieseritzky, GustavGustav Kieseritzky Kriegsmarine 19-MVizeadmiral[44] Commanding Admiral Schwarzes Meer (Black Sea)[43][44] 20 November 1943*[44] Killed in action 19 November 1943[43]
Kiesgen, PeterPeter Kiesgen Heer 12-HLeutnant[44] Leader of the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 239[43][44] 5 October 1941[44]
Kieslich, FranzFranz Kieslich+ Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[44] Staffelkapitän of the 7./Sturzkampfgeschwader 77[43][44] 5 January 1943[44] Awarded 619th Oak Leaves 18 October 1944[44]
Kiesling, HeinrichHeinrich Kiesling+ Heer 15-HMajor[46] Commander of the III./Grenadier-Regiment 768[43][46] 10 June 1943[46] Awarded 321st Oak Leaves 7 November 1943[46]
Kiesling, HelmutHelmut Kiesling Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[46] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 336[43][46] 1 September 1943[46]
Kiess, [Dr.] Walter[Dr.] Walter Kiess[Note 28] Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[46] Chief of the Lastensegler-Kommando in the Fallschirmjäger-Sturm Abteilung "Koch"[43][Note 49] 12 May 1940[46]
Kilian, [Dr.] Gunter[Dr.] Gunter Kilian[Note 28] Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[46] Staffelführer of the 2./Schlachtgeschwader 77[43][46] 2 April 1945[46]
Kilian, GustavGustav Kilian Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[46] Leader of the 1./Infanterie-Wach-Bataillon 591[43][Note 50] 15 May 1942[46]
Kilian, WilhelmWilhelm Kilian Heer 15-HMajor[46] Commander of Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon (A.A.) 102[47][Note 51] 8 February 1945[46]
Kimmich, FriedrichFriedrich Kimmich Heer 15-HMajor of the Landwehr[46] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 554[46][47] 11 December 1942[46]
Kimmich, Hans-JörgHans-Jörg Kimmich Heer 14-HHauptmann[46] Regiment adjutant in Grenadier-Regiment 119 (motorized)[47][Note 52] 25 January 1945[46]
Kinder, GeorgGeorg Kinder Heer 14-HHauptmann[46] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 102[46][47] 8 February 1944[46]
Kindler, [Dr.] Alfred[Dr.] Alfred Kindler[Note 28] Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[46] Staffelkapitän of the 6./Kampfgeschwader 2[46][47] 24 September 1942[46]
Kinz, HelmutHelmut Kinz?[Note 53] Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[47] Commander of Waffen-Gebirgs-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 13 of the SS[47] 3 May 1945[47]
Kinzel, EberhardEberhard Kinzel Heer 17-HOberst im Generalstab (in the General Staff)[46] In the Generalstab des Heeres[47][Note 54] 23 December 1942[47][Note 54]
A black-and-white photograph of a man wearing a military uniform and coat, peaked cap holding gloves in his hands.
Kinzinger, RudiRudi Kinzinger Heer 13-HOberleutnant[51] Chief of the Pionier-Kompanie/Jäger-Regiment 49[47][51] 18 February 1945*[51] Killed in action 16 February 1945[47]
Kipfmüller, WalterWalter Kipfmüller Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[51] Staffelkapitän of the 2./Kampfgeschwader 77[47][51] 29 October 1943[51]
Kirchheim, HeinrichHeinrich Kirchheim Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[51] Commander of the Sonderstelle Libyen (special office Libya) and leader of the Italian Division "Brescia"[47][Note 55] 14 May 1941[51]
Kirchlehner, ErnstErnst Kirchlehner Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[51] Group leader in the 2./Füsilier-Bataillon 126[52][Note 56] 23 October 1944*[51] Killed in action 14 July 1944[47]
Kirchner, FriedrichFriedrich Kirchner+ Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[51] Commander of the 1. Panzer-Division[47][51] 20 May 1940[51] Award 391st Oak Leaves 12 February 1944
127th Swords 26 January 1945[51]
A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Kirchner, HeinzHeinz Kirchner Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[51] Platoon leader in the 1./Schützen-Regiment 113[47][51] 29 September 1941[51]
Kirchner, KurtKurt Kirchner Heer 09-HWachtmeister[51] Gun leader in Sturmgeschütz-Batterie 667[47][51] 20 February 1942[51]
Kirchner, OttoOtto Kirchner Waffen-SS 12-WSS-Untersturmführer[51] Leader of Stabsschwadron/SS-Reiter-Regiment 16[51][52] 21 April 1944[51]
Kirn, DietrichDietrich Kirn[Note 57] Heer 14-HHauptmann[53] Leader of Frontaufklärungs-Kommando 202[52][53] 12 December 1944[53]
Kirn, HansHans Kirn Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[51] Pilot in the 8./Kampfgeschwader 6[47][51] 29 February 1944[51]
Kirn, JuliusJulius Kirn Heer 14-HHauptmann[51] Chief of the 1./Panzer-Regiment 18[47][51] 17 July 1941*[51] Died of wounds 16 July 1941[51]
Kirsch, WalterWalter Kirsch Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[51] Chief of the 7./Grenadier-Regiment 161[51][52] 6 March 1944[51]
Kirsche, HeinzHeinz Kirsche Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[54] Leader of the 2./Pionier-Bataillon 658[54][55] 13 January 1942[54]
Kirschenmann, WilhelmWilhelm Kirschenmann Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[54] Group leader in the 7./Grenadier-Regiment 82[54][55] 12 March 1943[54]
Kirschner, JoachimJoachim Kirschner+ Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[54] Staffelführer of the 5./Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"[54][55] 23 December 1942[54] Awarded 267th Oak Leaves 2 August 1943[54]
Kirschner, LudwigLudwig Kirschner+ Heer 15-HMajor[54] Commander of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 436[54][56] 18 January 1942[54] Awarded 135th Oak Leaves 28 October 1942[54]
Kirsten, ErnstErnst Kirsten Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[54] Leader of the 4./Grenadier-Regiment 410[54][55] 15 May 1944*[54] Killed in action 19 April 1944[55]
Kirsten, RudiRudi Kirsten Heer 14-HHauptmann[54] Leader of Panzergrenadier-Ersatz und Ausbildungs-Abteilung "Großdeutschland"[54][55] 28 March 1945[54]
Kissel, HansHans Kissel Heer 17-HOberst[54] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 683[54][55] 17 March 1944[54]
Kitta, PaulPaul Kitta Heer 09-HFeldwebel[54] Platoon leader in the 1./Grenadier-Regiment 439[54][55] 23 February 1944[54]
Kittel, Dipl.-Ing. FriedrichDipl.-Ing. Friedrich Kittel Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[54] Commander of the 62. Volks-Grenadier-Division[54][55] 9 January 1945[54]
Kittel, HeinrichHeinrich Kittel Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[54] Combat commander of Lemberg[54][55] 12 August 1944[54]
A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Kittel, KurtKurt Kittel Heer 04-HObergefreiter[57] Granatwerfertruppführer (grenade thrower troop leader) in the 5./Grenadier-Regiment 88[55][57] 29 November 1944[57]
Kittel, OttoOtto Kittel+ Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[57] Pilot in the 2./Jagdgeschwader 54[55][Note 58] 29 October 1943[57] Awarded 449th Oak Leaves 11 April 1944
113th Swords 25 November 1944[57]
Klaermann, HansHans Klärmann Heer 14-HHauptmann[57] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 361[55][57] 9 September 1942[57]
Klaiber, HansHans Klaiber Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[57] Platoon leader in the 3.(I)/Flak-Regiment 11 (motorized)[55][Note 59] 26 July 1942[57]
Klammeck, HansHans Klammeck Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[57] Platoon leader in the 4.(MG)/Grenadier-Regiment 1082[55][Note 60] 10 February 1945[57]
Klappich, GünterGünter Klappich+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant[57] Chief of the 11./Infanterie-Regiment 60 (motorized)[55][57] 31 July 1942[57] Awarded 254th Oak Leaves 8 June 1943[57]
Klar, EdmundEdmund Klar Heer 09-HWachtmeister[57] Vorgeschobener Beobachter (forward observer) in the 3./Artillerie-Regiment 122[55][57] 17 June 1943[57]
Klasing, FritzFritz Klasing+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[57] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 446[55][57] 12 August 1944[57] Awarded 745th Oak Leaves 19 February 1945[57]
Klassmann, HelmutHelmut Klassmann Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[57] Chief of the 3. Räumbootsflottille[55][57] 22 December 1943[57]
Klatt, PaulPaul Klatt+ Heer 17-HOberst[57] Commander of Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 138[55][57] 4 January 1943[57] Awarded 686th Oak Leaves 26 December 1944[57] A man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Klaucke, WernerWerner Klaucke Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[58] Platoon leader in the 3./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 200[55][58] 4 July 1944[58]
Klaus, Johann-AlfredJohann-Alfred Klaus Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[58] Staffelführer of the 6./Schlachtgeschwader 1[55][58] 26 March 1944[58]
Klaus, LudwigLudwig Klaus Heer 15-HMajor[58] Commander of Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 340[58][59] 7 October 1944[58]
Klaus, OttoOtto Klaus Heer 14-HHauptmann[58] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 333[58][59] 17 September 1944[58]
Klausgraber, FranzFranz Klausgraber Heer 14-HHauptmann[58] Commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 227[58][59] 13 March 1942[58]
Klawe, ErichErich Klawe+ Heer 14-HHauptmann[58] Leader of the I./Infanterie-Regiment 23[58][59] 12 July 1942[58] Awarded 227th Oak Leaves 14 April 1943[58]
Kleber, LudwigLudwig Kleber Heer 13-HOberleutnant[59][Note 61] Chief of the 1./Feld-Ersatz-Bataillon 212[58][59] 5 April 1945*[58] Killed in action 9 February 1945[58]
Klee, FriedrichFriedrich Klee Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[58] Leader of the assault platoon/Füsilier-Bataillon 126[58][59] 21 January 1945[58]
Kleeberger, KarlKarl Kleeberger Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[58] Group leader in the 1./Grenadier-Regiments Gruppe 554[58][59] 9 June 1944[58]
Kleemann, UlrichUlrich Kleemann+ Heer 17-HOberst[58] Commander of the 3. Schützen-Brigade[58][59] 13 October 1941[58] Awarded 304th Oak Leaves 16 September 1943[58]
Kleemann, WillyWilly Kleemann Heer 10-HOberfähnrich[58] Leader of the 2./Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 51[58][59] 11 January 1945[58]
Kleffel, Paul-GeorgPaul-Georg Kleffel Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[60] Chief of the 4./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 3[59][60] 14 May 1944[60]
Kleffel, PhilippPhilipp Kleffel Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[60] Commander of the 1. Infanterie-Division[59][60] 17 February 1942[60]
Kleffner, FranzFranz Kleffner Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer[60] Commander of SS-Kradschützen-Bataillon "Totenkopf"[59][Note 62] 19 February 1942[60]
Kleim, FritzFritz Kleim Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[60] Group leader in the 5./Grenadier-Brigade 388[59][60] 3 November 1944[60]
Kleimann, HansHans Kleimann[Note 63] Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[61] Platoon leader in the 8.(MG)/Grenadier-Regiment 426[59][Note 63] 5 April 1945[61]
Klein, AlfonsAlfons Klein Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[60] Staffelkapitän of the 10./Jagdgeschwader 11[59][60] 27 April 1945[60]
Klein, [Dr.] Armin[Dr.] Armin Klein[Note 28] Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[60] Leader of the 15./Fallschirm-Flak-Regiment "Hermann Göring"[59][60] 12 March 1945[60]
Klein, GeorgGeorg Klein Heer 09-HFeldwebel[60] Platoon leader in the 15./Jäger-Regiment 204[59][60] 27 August 1943[60]
Klein, GerhardGerhard Klein Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[60] Commander of the Waffenschule (weapons school) AOK 9[59][Note 64] 30 December 1943[60]
Klein, HeinrichHeinrich Klein Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[60] Staffelkapitän of the 2./Kampfgeschwader 27 "Boelcke"[59][60] 10 June 1943[60]
Klein, Dr. HerbertDr. Herbert Klein Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[60] Pilot in the Stabsstaffel I./Kampfgeschwader 100[59][60] 29 February 1944[60]
Klein, HermannHermann Klein+ Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[60] Regiment adjutant of Grenadier-Regiment 551[59][Note 65] 15 April 1944[60] Awarded 567th Oak Leaves 2 September 1944[60]
Klein, KurtKurt Klein Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[60] Platoon leader in the 12.(MG)/Grenadier-Regiment 424[59][Note 66] 16 April 1944[60]
Klein, MaxMax Klein Heer 09-HFeldwebel[61] Platoon leader in the 2./Grenadier-Regiment 485[59][61] 9 April 1944[61]
Klein, WalterWalter Klein Heer 15-HMajor[61] Commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 193[61][62] 9 May 1940[61]
Kleindienst, ErhardErhard Kleindienst Heer 12-HLeutnant[62][Note 67] Leader of the 8./Jäger-Regiment 28[61][62] 18 December 1944*[61] Killed in action 11 October 1944[61]
Kleinheisterkamp, MatthiasMatthias Kleinheisterkamp+ Waffen-SS 18-WSS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS Commander of SS-Division "Das Reich"[62] 31 March 1942 Awarded (871st) Oak Leaves 9 May 1945?[63][Note 68]
Kleinmann, AlfonsAlfons Kleinmann Heer 14-HHauptmann[61] Leader of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 118[61][62] 14 August 1943[61]
Kleinschmidt, ErnstErnst Kleinschmidt Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[61] Adjutant in Panzergrenadier-Regiment 111[62][Note 69] 30 September 1943[61]
Kleinschmidt, WernerWerner Kleinschmidt Heer 14-HHauptmann[61] Company chief in the Aufklärungs-Abteilung 341 (motorized)[61][62] 14 December 1941[61]
Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald vonPaul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist+ Heer 20-HGeneral der Kavallerie[61] Commanding general of the XXII. Armeekorps (Panzer-Gruppe "von Kleist")[61][62] 15 May 1940[61] Awarded 72nd Oak Leaves 17 February 1942
60th Swords 30 March 1944[61]
The head and shoulders of a man sitting, shown in semi profile. He wears a beaked cap and a military uniform, and an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar. His left hand is gloved and he is holding the hilt of a saber in both hands. His facial expression is a determined; his head is pointed to the right of the camera.
Kleist-Retzow, Jarislaff vonJarislaff von Kleist-Retzow Heer 15-HMajor[61] Commander of the II./Artillerie-Regiment 161[61][62] 14 February 1945[61]
Klemann, HelmutHelmut Klemann Heer 13-HOberleutnant[61] Leader of the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 59[61][62] 28 October 1944[61]
Klemm, HansHans Klemm Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[61] Group leader in the 2./Infanterie-Regiment "Großdeutschland" (motorized)[61][62] 10 December 1942[61]
Klemm, RudolfRudolf Klemm Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[65] Staffelkapitän of the 10./Jagdgeschwader 54[62][Note 70] 18 November 1944[65]
Klemt, HeinrichHeinrich Klemt?[Note 71] Heer 14-HHauptmann[62] Leader of Panzer-Pionier-Baillion II./Führer-Grenadier-Brigade[62] 2 May 1945[62]
Klemz, BernhardBernhard Klemz Heer 14-HHauptmann[65] Chief of the 5./Panzer-Regiment "Großdeutschland"[62][65] 4 June 1944[65]
Kless, FriedrichFriedrich Kless Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[65] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Kampfgeschwader 55[62][65] 14 October 1940[65]
Klett, AlbertAlbert Klett Waffen-SS 13-WSS-Obersturmführer of the Reserves[65] Chief of the 6./SS-Kavallerie-Regiment 15 "Florian Geyer"[62][Note 72] 16 October 1944[65]
A man wearing a military uniform and neck order in the shape of a cross. His black hair is parted and his facial expression is determined.
Klette, Hans-DietrichHans-Dietrich Klette Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[65] Gruppenkommandeur of the Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4[62][65] 5 April 1944[65]
Kliemann, NikodemusNikodemus Kliemann?[Note 73] Heer 17-HOberst[62] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 410[62] 9 May 1945[62]
Klien, HeinzHeinz Klien Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[65] Staffelkapitän in the II./Kampfgeschwader 27 "Boelcke"[62][65] 12 November 1941[65]
Klier, ErichErich Klier Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[65] Chief of the 5./Jäger-Regiment 56[62][65] 4 May 1944[65]
Klima, RobertRobert Klima Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[65] Leader of the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 1[62][65] 10 August 1943[65]
Klimek, HelmutHelmut Klimek Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[65] Radio operator in the 14.(Eisenbahnbekämpfungsstaffel)/Kampfgeschwader 27 "Boelcke"[62][Note 74] 9 June 1944[65]
Kling, HeinrichHeinrich Kling Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[65] Chief of the 13.(schwere)/SS-Panzer-Regiment 1 "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler"[65][67] 23 February 1944[65]
Klingenberg, FritzFritz Klingenberg Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[65] Chief of the 2./SS-Kradschützen-Bataillon 2 "Reich"[67][Note 75] 14 May 1941[65]
A smiling man wearing a military uniform, peaked cap and a neck order in the shape of a cross. His cap has an emblem in shape of a human skull and crossed bones.
Klinger, KurtKurt Klinger Heer 13-HOberleutnant[65] Chief of the 15.(Radfahr)/Grenadier-Regiment 89[65][67] 19 January 1943[65]
Klinke, WalterWalter Klinke Heer 15-HMajor[68] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 31[67][68] 30 September 1944[68]
Klischat, FriedrichFriedrich Klischat Heer 09-HFeldwebel[68] Platoon leader in the 3./Füssilier-Regiment 27[67][68] 12 March 1944[68]
Klitsch, FranzFranz Klitsch Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[68] Company leader in Grenadier-Regiment 120 (motorized)[67][Note 76] 22 January 1943[68]
Klocke, WalterWalter Klocke Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[68] Commander of Sturm-Regiment 215[67][68] 20 April 1944[68]
Kloepper, HeinrichHeinrich Klöpper Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel[68] Pilot in the 11./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[67][68] 4 September 1942[68]
Kloepping, WilhelmWilhelm Klöpping Heer 04-HObergefreiter[68] Machine gunner in the 5./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4[67][68] 15 May 1943[68]
Kloos, HermannHermann Kloos Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[68] Chief of the 3.(Schützenpanzerwagen)/Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 8[67][68] 13 December 1943*[68] Died of wounds 10 December 1943
Klos, OttoOtto Klos Heer 14-HHauptmann[68] Leader of Jäger-Regiment 41 (L)[67][68] 9 December 1944[68]
Klose, ErwinErwin Klose Heer 14-HHauptmann[68] Leader of the II./Jäger-Regiment 28[67][68] 9 January 1945[68]
Klose, FriedrichFriedrich Klose Heer 06-HUnteroffizier[68] Gun leader in the 14.(Panzerjäger)/Infanterie-Regiment 240[67][Note 77] 20 August 1942[68]
Klose, HelmutHelmut Klose Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[68] Kompanietruppführer (company headquarters leader) in the 6./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 115[67][68] 16 November 1944[68]
Klose, PaulPaul Klose Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[68] Commander of the I./Festungs-Grenadier-Regiment "Hauf" in the fortress Breslau[67][68] 30 April 1945[68]
Klosinski, WernerWerner Klosinski Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[69] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 4 "General Wever"[67][69] 9 June 1944[69]
Kloskowski, KarlKarl Kloskowski+ Waffen-SS 10-WSS-Hauptscharführer[69] Platoon leader in the 4./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 "Das Reich"[67][Note 78] 11 July 1943[69] Awarded 546th Oak Leaves 11 August 1944[69] A black-and-white photograph of a man wearing a camouflage military uniform, side cap and a pair of binoculars around his neck. His cap has an emblem in shape of a human skull and crossed bones.
Kloss, MaxMax Kloß Heer 15-HMajor[69] Commander of the II./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 144[67][69] 26 November 1944[69]
Klossek, ErnstErnst Klossek Heer 13-HOberleutnant[69] Chief of the 12./Infanterie-Regiment 422[69][70] 23 February 1942[69]
Klosterkemper, BernhardBernhard Klosterkemper Heer 17-HOberst[69] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 920[69][70] 4 July 1944[69]
Klotz, LudwigLudwig Klotz Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[69] Chief of the 9./Infanterie-Regiment 423[69][70] 4 July 1940[69]
Klotzsche, HansHans Klotzsche Heer 15-HMajor[69] Commander of the I./Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 80[69][70] 28 December 1943[69]
Klueber, WilhelmWilhelm Klüber Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[69] Staffelkapitän of the 8./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1[69][70] 16 April 1943[69]
Kluemper, WernerWerner Klümper Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[69] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 26[69][70] 29 August 1943[69]
Kluender, ErichErich Klünder Kriegsmarine 15-MKorvettenkapitän[69] Chief of the 5. Minensuchflottille[69][70] 12 August 1944[69]
Klueser, EwaldEwald Klüser Heer 14-HHauptmann[69] Chief of the 2./Pionier-Bataillon 12[69][70] 10 February 1945[69]
Kluever, Max[Dr.] Max Klüver[Note 28] Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[71] Commander of the I./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 40[70][71] 12 October 1943[71]
Klug, BerndBernd Klug+ Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[71] Commander of Schnellboot S-28 in the 1. Schnellbootflottille[70][71] 12 March 1941[71] Awarded 361st Oak Leaves 1 January 1944[71]
Kluge, ErnstErnst Kluge Heer 09-HFeldwebel[71] Platoon leader in the 6./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25[70][71] 7 October 1944[71]
Kluge, GerhardGerhard Kluge Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[71] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 586[70][71] 9 June 1944[71]
A man with glasses wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his uniform collar.
Kluge, Günther vonGünther von Kluge+ Heer 20-HGeneral der Artillerie[71] Commander-in-Chief of the 4. Armee[70][71] 30 September 1939[71] Awarded 181st Oak Leaves 18 January 1943
40th Swords 29 October 1943[71]
Black-and-white portrait of an older man wearing a military uniform with an Iron Cross displayed at his neck, his hair is combed back.
Kluge, WaldemarWaldemar Kluge Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[71] Commander of the I./Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 2 "Hermann Göring"[71][72] 2 August 1943[71]
Kluge, Wolfgang vonWolfgang von Kluge Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[71] Commander of the 292. Infanterie-Division[70][71] 29 August 1943[71]
Klußmann, Hans-JürgenHans-Jürgen Klußmann Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[71] Technical officer in the I./Schlachtgeschwader 1[70][71] 9 November 1944[71]
Kluth, BernhardBernhard Kluth Heer 09-HFeldwebel[71] Platoon leader in the 12./Schützen-Regiment 4[70][71] 28 November 1940[71]
Kmitta, LotharLothar Kmitta Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[71] Pilot in the Nahaufklärungs-Gruppe 5[70][Note 79] 18 November 1944[71]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Großadmiral and President of Germany Karl Dönitz, Hitler's successor as Head of State (Staatsoberhaupt) and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, had ordered the cessation of all promotions and awards as of 11 May 1945 (Dönitz-decree). Consequently the last Knight's Cross awarded to Oberleutnant zur See of the Reserves Georg-Wolfgang Feller on 17 June 1945 must therefore be considered a de facto but not de jure hand-out.[2]
  2. ^ For an explanation of the various naming schemes used by the Luftwaffe, Heer, Kriegsmarine and Waffen-SS refer to nomenclature used by the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS.
  3. ^ According to Scherzer as Staffelführer of the 1./Nahaufklärungsgruppe 13.[18]
  4. ^ According to Scherzer as Hauptmann of the Reserves.[18]
  5. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberstleutnant.[20]
  6. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of schwere Panzer-Abteilung 503.[20]
  7. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the 9./Jagdgeschwader 77.[22]
  8. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the III.(gepanzerte)/SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Der Führer".[22]
  9. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the 13./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders".[22]
  10. ^ According to Scherzer as group leader of the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 67.[23]
  11. ^ Unlawful presentation to Werner Kaminski by the Dönitz Government (Regierung Dönitz) after 8 May 1945, which can be verified by radio communication dated on 21 May 1945. The presentation date was backdated by Walther-Peer Fellgiebel.[25]
  12. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 2./Infanterie-Regiment 446.[26]
  13. ^ According to Scherzer in the 14./Grenadier-Regiment z.b.V. Panzer-AOK 1.[26]
  14. ^ a b According to Scherzer as SS-Obersturmführer of the Reserves and leader of the 9./2. SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Leibsatndarte SS Adolf Hitler".[27]
  15. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of SS-Artillerie-Regiment 11.[27]
  16. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Artillerie-Leichter AF-65 in the 6. Artillerieträger-Flottille.[27]
  17. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberst of the Reserves.[29]
  18. ^ No evidence of the award can be found in the German Federal Archives. Walther-Peer Fellgiebel claimed that Paul-Albert Kausch, at the time wounded in the Reich Chancellery, had received news that according to a radio message received from Panzer AOK 11 had been awarded the Oak Leaves on 23 April 1945 from SS-Brigadeführer Joachim Ziegler. Ziegler, the Division commander of Kausch, was killed in action on 1 May 1945. Krätschmer however indicated that Kausch was wounded 25 April, therefore he couldn’t have received the news on 25 April. The 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland was only subordinated to the 11th Panzer Armee in February 1945. The Stab of the 11th Panzer Army then relocated to the Western Front where it surrendered on 21 April. Krätschmer claimed that the award was presented for the actions during the middle of April east of Berlin. Mr. J.S. Fischer, who was verifying the Oak Leaves presentation on behalf of Fellgiebel is not aware of a radio message received from the Panzer AOK 11. Fischer indicated that he only referenced the information presented by Kausch, which is already stated in Krätschmer. According to information by Fischer on 14 October 2004, Fellgiebel had made the note about the Panzer AOK 11. The sequential number "845" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR), according to Krätschmer the number is "846", the date was accepted by the AKCR. Kausch was member of the AKCR.[25]
  19. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the 7./Panzergrenadier-Regiment (motorized) 156.[30]
  20. ^ Name may also be spelled Paul Kazmaier.
  21. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 15./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 21.[30]
  22. ^ According to Scherzer as deputy leader of the 1./Panzer-Regiment 8.[34]
  23. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Artillerie-Abteilung 621 (russisch).[34]
  24. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the Aufklärungsstaffel 1.(F)/122.[34]
  25. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the 1./Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 72.[34]
  26. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the III./Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet".[37]
  27. ^ According to Scherzer as group leader in the 1./Luftlande-Sturm-Regiment 1.[37]
  28. ^ a b c d e f The brackets around the doctor title [Dr.] denotes that the academic title was attained after the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded.
  29. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 4.[37]
  30. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant.[38]
  31. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of SS-Standarte "Der Führer".[38]
  32. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 1./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 5.[38]
  33. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 11./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1.[38]
  34. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the 5./Transportgeschwader 3.[38]
  35. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 8./Kampfgruppe "Bruhn" [emergency unit with the II SS Panzer Corps, area Arnheim, Netherlands].[40]
  36. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Fallschirmjäger-Bataillon "Kerutt" [augmented I./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 18 (alt—old)].[40]
  37. ^ According to Scherzer on 24 January 1944.[40]
  38. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of Luftflotte 1 and commander-in-chief east.[40]
  39. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 6./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2.[40]
  40. ^ a b According to Scherzer on 24 October 1944 as observer in the Aufklärungsstaffel 1.(F)/121.[41]
  41. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant of the Reserves.[41]
  42. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of the I./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Schill" [emergency unit from SS-Panzergreandier-Schule Kienschlag and SS-Panzergreandier-Ausbildungs-und-Ersatz_Bataillon 10].[41]
  43. ^ According to Scherzer as Assistenzarzt of the Reserves.[41]
  44. ^ Scherzer provides three possible name variants, Eduard-Heinrich Kiefer, Till Kiwe and Eduard-Heinrich Kiver.[42]
  45. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Stellungs-Kampfgruppe XII./2 ["Gneisenau-Einheit" of Wehrkreis XII, subordinated to the 416. Infanterie-Division].[41]
  46. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the Kampfstaffel Panzer AOK Afrika (Begleitkommando "Rommel").[44]
  47. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 1./Füsilier-Bataillon "Deba" [commander of Fester Platz Tarnopol].[44]
  48. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the II./Jagdgeschwader 27.[44]
  49. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the Lastensegler-Kommando in the Luftlande-Sturm Abteilung "Koch".[46]
  50. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of the 1./Wach-Bataillon 591.[46]
  51. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 102.[46]
  52. ^ According to Scherzer as adjutant in Grenadier-Regiment 119.[46]
  53. ^ No evidence of the award can be found in the German Federal Archives. Also was never processed by the Order Commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). According to Von Semen, it was presumably presented by General Maximilian de Angelis on the basis of the Dönitz-decree.[48] Walther-Peer Fellgiebel noted in his book: "A justification for the presentation was not given".[49][50]
  54. ^ a b According to Scherzer on 21 December 1942 as chief department GZ [Zentralabteilung—central department] with the chief of the Generalstab des Heeres [until November 1942 chief of the General Staff XXIX Armeekorps].[46]
  55. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of the Sonderstelle Libyen (special office Libya) of the Oberkommando des Heeres and leader of the Italian Division "Brescia".[51]
  56. ^ According to Scherzer as group leader in the 2./Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 126.[51]
  57. ^ Dietrich Kirn is a cover name used while serving in the Abwehr (military intelligence). His real name is Dietrich Witzel.[53]
  58. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the I./Jagdgeschwader 54.[57]
  59. ^ According to Scherzer as Meß- und Erkundungsoffizier (measuring and reconnaissance officer) in the 3./Flak-Regiment 9.[57]
  60. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 4./Grenadier-Regiment 1082.[57]
  61. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant of the Reserves.[58]
  62. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of SS-"Totenkopf"-Kradschützen-Bataillon.[60]
  63. ^ a b According to Scherzer his name is spelled Hans Kleinmann who received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross as a platoon leader in the 8./Grenadier-Regiment 426.[61]
  64. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of the Armee-Waffen-Schule (army weapons school) AOK 9.[60]
  65. ^ According to Scherzer as adjutant of Grenadier-Regiment 551.[60]
  66. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 12./Grenadier-Regiment 424.[60]
  67. ^ According to Scherzer as Leutnant of the Reserves.[61]
  68. ^ Historian Veit Scherzer expressed doubt about the veracity of the presentation of the Oak Leaves to Matthias Kleinheisterkamp. According to Scherzer, Fellgiebel claims that the nomination was received by the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Staff Office) via teleprinter from the commander-in-chief of the 9. Armee, General Theodor Busse, on 21 April 1945. Busse had nominated SS-Obergruppenführer Kleinheisterkamp for the Oak Leaves. The claim is that the teleprinter message contained a note that the formal procedure for immediate approval should be waited for (Dienstwegvorschlag bzgl. Sofortverleihung abwarten). This teleprinter message cannot be found in the German Nation Archives (Bestand RH 7). Busse had also nominated by teleprinter message Generalmajor Joachim von Siegroth on the 21 April. This teleprinter message can be found in the Nation Archives (Bundesarchiv RH 7/300). According to Fellgiebel the same note can be found on von Siegroth's nomination. This means that a formal nomination, in this instance via the Army Group Vistula, followed. Both announced "formal nominations" never followed and were never received by the HPA. The teleprinter message nomination of von Siegroth is listed in the book of "Verliehene Ritterkreuze" (Awarded Knight Crosses) with an entry date of 21 April but Kleinheisterkamp's nomination isn't. The reason for this may be that the liaison officer of the Waffen-SS at the HPA/P5a may have forwarded the nomination to the Reichsführer-SS for approval. From here it should have been returned to the HPA, which it wasn't. The distribution list of von Siegroth's nomination indicates that general Busse had informed the Army Group Vistula and the chief of the HPA general Wilhelm Burgdorf. It is very likely that Kleinheisterkamp's nomination had the same distribution list as von Siegroth's, because the same principles applied. Burgdorf therefore should have been informed of the formal procedure regarding Kleinheisterkamp's nomination. The question remains unanswered whether the Führer Headquarter or Adolf Hitler has approved the direct nomination of Kleinheisterkamp on 28 April or not. Scherzer claims that this is very unlikely because Burgdorf would not have done two things. First, submit a nomination to the Führer without having assessed the situation himself, which only would have been possible if he had studied the formal paperwork. Secondly he would not have bypassed the formal procedure which was already initiated. Additionally the radio connection to the Führerbunker was down since 5:00 on 28 April 1945. The sequential number "871" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) and the date is assumed.[64]
  69. ^ According to Scherzer as battalion adjutant in Panzergrenadier-Regiment 111.[61]
  70. ^ According to Scherzer as Staffelkapitän in the IV./Jagdgeschwader 54.[65]
  71. ^ No evidence of the award can be found in the German Federal Archives. Walther-Peer Fellgiebel, just like Gerhard von Seemen, assumed a presentation via the chief of the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Personnel Office) Wilhelm Burgdorf to be very unlikely. The Führer-Grenadier-Division had been deployed in Silesia and the Ostmark (Austria) in March 1945 and not in the vicinity of Berlin. Scherzer was denied access to files, which could help clarify the case, of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) on the grounds of the Bundesarchivgesetz (German Archive Law). Heinrich Klemt was listed for the first time in the second edition of Von Seemen's book Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–45—The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–45 with a footnote: "No evidence in the German Federal Archives, presentation from the combat area Berlin". This information was later published in 1984 by Helmuth Spaeter, author of Die Geschichte des Panzerkorps Großdeutschland—The History of the Panzer Corps Großdeutschland and in 1986 by Fellgiebel.[66]
  72. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the 6./SS-Kavallerie-Regiment 15.[65]
  73. ^ Nikodemus Kliemann's nomination of the Heerespersonalamt (HPA—Army Staff Office) was ready for signature but the process was never completed. The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the presentation was in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The presentation date was assigned by Walther-Peer Fellgiebel.[66]
  74. ^ According to Scherzer as radio operator in the 14.(Eisenbahnbekämpfungsstaffel/Nachtkampftauglich)/Kampfgeschwader 27 "Boelcke".[65]
  75. ^ According to Scherzer as chief of the 2./SS-Kradschützen-Bataillon of the SS-Division "Reich".[65]
  76. ^ According to Scherzer as leader of Stabskompanie/Grenadier-Regiment (motorized) 120.[68]
  77. ^ According to Scherzer as gun leader in the 14./Infanterie-Regiment 240.[68]
  78. ^ According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 4./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2.[69]
  79. ^ According to Scherzer as pilot in the 2./Nahaufklärungs-Gruppe 5.[71]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Williamson and Bujeiro 2004, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 4.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 113–460, 483, 485–487, 492, 494, 498–499, 501, 503, 509.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, pp. 117–186.
  5. ^ "Stimmen zum Buch "Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945" von Veit Scherzer" (PDF). Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag (in German). Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Scherzer 2007, cover.
  7. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 248–261.
  8. ^ Scherzer 2007, pp. 147–149.
  9. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 261–281.
  10. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  11. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  12. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  13. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  14. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 112.
  15. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 102–111.
  16. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 426.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Fellgiebel 2000, p. 248.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 427.
  19. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 248, 493.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Scherzer 2007, p. 428.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Fellgiebel 2000, p. 249.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 429.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 430.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Fellgiebel 2000, p. 250.
  25. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 147.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 431.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 432.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Fellgiebel 2000, p. 251.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 433.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Scherzer 2007, p. 434.
  31. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 102.
  32. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 251, 493.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Fellgiebel 2000, p. 252.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 435.
  35. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 252, 493.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Fellgiebel 2000, p. 253.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Scherzer 2007, p. 436.
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Scherzer 2007, p. 437.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Fellgiebel 2000, p. 254.
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 438.
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Scherzer 2007, p. 439.
  42. ^ a b c d Scherzer 2007, pp. 439, 444.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Fellgiebel 2000, p. 255.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Scherzer 2007, p. 440.
  45. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 255, 494.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Scherzer 2007, p. 441.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Fellgiebel 2000, p. 256.
  48. ^ Von Seemen 1976, p. 191.
  49. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 27.
  50. ^ Scherzer 2007, pp. 147–148.
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 442.
  52. ^ a b c d Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 256, 494.
  53. ^ a b c d Scherzer 2007, p. 793.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Scherzer 2007, p. 443.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Fellgiebel 2000, p. 257.
  56. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 257, 494.
  57. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 444.
  58. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 445.
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Fellgiebel 2000, p. 258.
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Scherzer 2007, p. 446.
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Scherzer 2007, p. 447.
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Fellgiebel 2000, p. 259.
  63. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 104, 482.
  64. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 148.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 448.
  66. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 149.
  67. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Fellgiebel 2000, p. 260.
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Scherzer 2007, p. 449.
  69. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Scherzer 2007, p. 450.
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Fellgiebel 2000, p. 261.
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Scherzer 2007, p. 451.
  72. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 261, 494.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Von Seemen, Gerhard (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 : die Ritterkreuzträger sämtlicher Wehrmachtteile, Brillanten-, Schwerter- und Eichenlaubträger in der Reihenfolge der Verleihung : Anhang mit Verleihungsbestimmungen und weiteren Angaben [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 : The Knight's Cross Bearers of All the Armed Services, Diamonds, Swords and Oak Leaves Bearers in the Order of Presentation: Appendix with Further Information and Presentation Requirements] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7909-0051-4. 
  • Williamson, Gordon; Bujeiro, Ramiro (2004). Knight's Cross and Oak Leaves Recipients 1939–40. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-641-0. 
Further reading
  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 978-0-88740-580-8. 

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