List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the U-boat service

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The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants was the highest award in the military of the Third Reich. Recipients are grouped by grades of the Knight's Cross. During or shortly after World War II, 145 German sailors and officers of the U-boat service as part of the Kriegsmarine received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Among them, 29 officers received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub), five the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern), and two won the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten). Of these, 144 presentations were formally made and one recipient received the award after 11 May 1945, when Großadmiral Karl Dönitz ordered a cease of all promotions and illegalized all subsequent awards. The final recipient is therefore considered to have received the medal without legal authority.[1][2]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.[3] As the war progressed, some of the recipients distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940.[4] In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[5] At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.[6]

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht kept separate Knight's Cross lists, one for each of the three military branches, Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air force) and for the Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade.[7]

      This along with the * (asterisk), indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds[edit]

The Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 to reward those servicemen who had already been awarded the Oak Leaves with Swords to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Ultimately, it would be awarded to twenty-seven German soldiers, sailors and airmen, ranging from young fighter pilots to field marshals. Two recipients were members of the U-boat arm.[8]

Number Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes
7 Lüth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth Korvettenkapitän commander of U-181 9 August 1943 killed on active service 13 May 1945[9]
22 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi Korvettenkapitän commander of U-967 24 November 1944

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords[edit]

The Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords is also based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 to reward those servicemen who had already been awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

Number Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes
5 Kretschmer, OttoOtto Kretschmer Korvettenkapitän commander of U-99 26 December 1941
17 Topp, ErichErich Topp Kapitänleutnant commander of U-552 17 August 1942
18 Suhren, ReinhardReinhard Suhren Kapitänleutnant commander of U-564 1 September 1942
29 Lüth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth Kapitänleutnant commander of U-181 25 April 1943 Awarded 7th Diamonds on 9 August 1943
66 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi Kapitänleutnant commander of U-380 9 May 1944 Awarded 22nd Diamonds on 24 November 1944

Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves[edit]

The Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves was based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940. The last officially announced number for the Oak Leaves was 843. Higher numbers are unofficial and therefore denoted in brackets.[10]

Number Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes
5 Prien, GüntherGünther Prien Kapitänleutnant commander of U-47 20 October 1940 missing in action 7 March 1941[11]
6 Kretschmer, OttoOtto Kretschmer Kapitänleutnant commander of U-99 4 November 1940 Awarded 5th Swords on 26 December 1941
7 Schepke, JoachimJoachim Schepke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-100 1 December 1940 killed in action 17 March 1941[12]
13 Liebe, HeinrichHeinrich Liebe Kapitänleutnant commander of U-38 10 June 1941 at the same time promoted to Korvettenkapitän[13]
14 Endrass, EngelbertEngelbert Endrass Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-46 10 June 1941 killed in action 21 December 1941[14]
15 Schultze, HerbertHerbert Schultze Kapitänleutnant commander of U-48 12 June 1941
23 Schutze, Viktor Hermann OttoViktor Hermann Otto Schütze Korvettenkapitän commander of U-103 14 July 1941
51 Lehmann-Willenbrock, HeinrichHeinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock Kapitänleutnant commander of U-96 31 December 1941
56 Suhren, ReinhardReinhard Suhren Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-564 31 December 1941 Awarded 18th Swords on 1 September 1942
87 Topp, ErichErich Topp Kapitänleutnant commander of U-552 11 April 1942 Awarded 17th Swords on 17 August 1942
89 Hardegen, ReinhardReinhard Hardegen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-123 23 April 1942
104 Mützelburg, RolfRolf Mützelburg Kapitänleutnant commander of U-203 15 July 1942 killed on active service 11 September 1942[15]
105 Schnee, AdalbertAdalbert Schnee Kapitänleutnant commander of U-201 15 July 1942
123 Scholtz, KlausKlaus Scholtz Korvettenkapitän commander of U-108 10 September 1942
125 Bleichrodt, HeinrichHeinrich Bleichrodt Kapitänleutnant commander of U-109 23 September 1942
142 Lüth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth Kapitänleutnant commander of U-181 13 November 1942 Awarded 29th Swords on 15 April 1943 and 7th Diamonds on 9 August 1943
147 Merten, Karl-FriedrichKarl-Friedrich Merten Korvettenkapitän commander of U-68 16 November 1942
171 Guggenberger, FriedrichFriedrich Guggenberger Kapitänleutnant commander of U-81 8 January 1943
177 Mohr, JohannJohann Mohr Kapitänleutnant commander of U-124 13 January 1943 killed in action 3 April 1943[16]
208 Lassen, GeorgGeorg Lassen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-160 7 March 1943
223 Dönitz, KarlKarl Dönitz Großadmiral commander in chief of the Kriegsmarine
Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine
6 April 1943
224 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi Korvettenkapitän commander of U-617 11 April 1943 Awarded 66th Swords on 9 May 1944 and 22nd on Diamonds 24 November 1944
234 Bulow, Otto vonOtto von Bülow Kapitänleutnant commander of U-404 26 April 1943
250 Gysae, RobertRobert Gysae Kapitänleutnant commander of U-177 31 May 1943
256 Emmermann, CarlCarl Emmermann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-172 4 July 1943
257 Henke, WernerWerner Henke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-515 4 July 1943 killed as prisoner of war on 15 June 1944[17]
645 Hartmann, WernerWerner Hartmann Kapitän zur See leader of U-boat operations in the Mediterranean Sea, commander of U-198 5 November 1944
(852) Thomsen, RolfRolf Thomsen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-1202 29 April 1945
(853) Lange, Hans-GüntherHans-Günther Lange Kapitänleutnant commander of U-711 29 April 1945

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross[edit]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation of the renewing of the Iron Cross).

Number Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes
1 Prien, GüntherGünther Prien Kapitänleutnant commander of U-47 18 October 1939 Awarded 5th Oak Leaves on 20 October 1940
2 Schultze, HerbertHerbert Schultze Kapitänleutnant commander of U-48 1 March 1940 Awarded 15th Oak Leaves on 12 June 1941
3 Dönitz, KarlKarl Dönitz Konteradmiral commander in chief of U-boat operations
Befehlshaber der U-Boote
21 April 1940 Awarded 223rd Oak Leaves on 6 April 1943
4 Hartmann, WernerWerner Hartmann Korvettenkapitän commander of U-37 9 May 1940 Awarded 645th Oak Leaves on 5 November 1944
5 Schuhart, OttoOtto Schuhart Kapitänleutnant commander of U-29 16 May 1940
6 Rollmann, WilhelmWilhelm Rollmann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-34 31 July 1940 killed in action 5 November 1943[18]
7 Kretschmer, OttoOtto Kretschmer Kapitänleutnant commander of U-99 4 August 1940 Awarded 6th Oak Leaves on 4 November 1940 and 5. Swords on 26 December 1941
8 Liebe, HeinrichHeinrich Liebe Kapitänleutnant commander of U-38 14 August 1940 Awarded 13th Oak Leaves on 10 June 1941
9 Lemp, Fritz-JuliusFritz-Julius Lemp Kapitänleutnant commander of U-30 14 August 1940 killed in action 9 May 1941[19]
10 Rösing, Hans-RudolfHans-Rudolf Rösing Korvettenkapitän chief of the 7. Unterseebootsflottille and commander of U-48 29 August 1940
11 Frauenheim, FritzFritz Frauenheim Kapitänleutnant commander of U-101 29 August 1940
12 Endrass, EngelbertEngelbert Endrass Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-46 5 September 1940 Awarded 14th Oak Leaves on 10 June 1941
13 Kuhnke, GünterGünter Kuhnke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-28 19 September 1940
14 Schepke, JoachimJoachim Schepke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-100 24 September 1940 Awarded 7th Oak Leaves on 1 December 1940
15 Jenisch, HansHans Jenisch Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-32 7 October 1940
16 Oehrn, VictorVictor Oehrn Kapitänleutnant commander of U-37 21 October 1940
17 Suhren, GerdGerd Suhren Oberleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-37 21 October 1940
18 Bleichrodt, HeinrichHeinrich Bleichrodt Kapitänleutnant commander of U-48 24 October 1940 Awarded 125th Oak Leaves on 23 September 1942
19 Luth, WolfgangWolfgang Lüth Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-138 24 October 1940 Awarded 142nd Oak Leaves 13 November 1942, 29th Swords on 15 April 1943 and 7th Diamonds on 9 August 1943
20 Suhren, ReinhardReinhard Suhren Oberleutnant zur See 1st officer on U-48 3 November 1940 Awarded 56th Oak Leaves on 31 December 1941 and 18th Swords on 1 September 1942
21 Petersen, HeinrichHeinrich Petersen Stabsobersteuermann watch officer and coxswain on U-99 5 November 1940
22 Schütze, ViktorViktor Schütze Korvettenkapitän commander of U-103 11 December 1940 Awarded 23rd Oak Leaves on 14 July 1941
23 Stockhausen, Hans-Gerrit vonHans-Gerrit von Stockhausen Korvettenkapitän commander of U-65 14 January 1941
24 Moehle, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Moehle Kapitänleutnant commander of U-123 26 February 1941
25 Lehmann-Willenbrock, HeinrichHeinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock Kapitänleutnant commander of U-96 26 February 1941 Awarded 51st Oak Leaves on 31 December 1941
26 Oesten, JürgenJürgen Oesten Kapitänleutnant commander of U-106 26 March 1941
27 Schulz, Georg-WilhelmGeorg-Wilhelm Schulz Kapitänleutnant commander of U-124 4 April 1941
28 Zurn, ErichErich Zürn Oberleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-48 23 April 1941
29 Kuppisch, HerbertHerbert Kuppisch Kapitänleutnant commander of U-94 14 May 1941 killed in action 27 August 1943[20]
30 Wohlfarth, HerbertHerbert Wohlfarth Kapitänleutnant commander of U-556 15 May 1941
31 Schewe, GeorgGeorg Schewe Kapitänleutnant commander of U-105 23 May 1941
32 Korth, ClausClaus Korth Kapitänleutnant commander of U-93 29 May 1941
33 Topp, ErichErich Topp Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-552 20 June 1941 Awarded 87th Oak Leaves on 11 April 1942 and 17th Swords on 17 August 1942
34 Hessler, GüntherGünther Hessler Kapitänleutnant commander of U-107 24 June 1941
35 Metzler, JostJost Metzler Kapitänleutnant commander of U-69 28 July 1941
36 Schnee, AdalbertAdalbert Schnee Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-201 30 August 1941 Awarded 105th Oak Leaves on 15 July 1942
37 Mutzelburg, RolfRolf Mützelburg Kapitänleutnant commander of U-203 17 November 1941 Awarded 104th Oak Leaves on 15 July 1942
38 Mengersen, ErnstErnst Mengersen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-101 18 November 1941
39 Guggenberger, FriedrichFriedrich Guggenberger Kapitänleutnant commander of U-81 10 December 1941 Awarded 171st Oak Leaves on 8 January 1943
40 Scholtz, KlausKlaus Scholtz Kapitänleutnant commander of U-108 26 December 1941 Awarded 123rd Oak Leaves on 10 September 1942
41 Bigalk, GerhardGerhard Bigalk Kapitänleutnant commander of U-751 26 December 1941 killed in action 17 July 1942[21]
42 Kentrat, Eitel-FriedrichEitel-Friedrich Kentrat Kapitänleutnant commander of U-74 31 December 1941
43 Gysae, RobertRobert Gysae Kapitänleutnant commander of U-98 31 December 1941 Awarded 250th Oak Leaves on 31 May 1943
44 Hardegen, ReinhardReinhard Hardegen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-123 23 January 1942 Awarded 89th Oak Leaves on 23 April 1942
45 Tiesenhausen, Hans-Dietrich vonHans-Dietrich Freiherr von Tiesenhausen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-331 27 January 1942
46 Clausen, NicolaiNicolai Clausen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-129 13 March 1942 killed in action 16 May 1943[22]
47 Bauer, ErnstErnst Bauer Kapitänleutnant commander of U-126 16 March 1942
48 Mohr, JohannJohann Mohr Kapitänleutnant commander of U-124 27 March 1942 Awarded 177th Oak Leaves on 13 January 1943
49 Ites, OttoOtto Ites Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-94 28 March 1942
50 Zapp, Robert-RichardRobert-Richard Zapp Korvettenkapitän comannder of U-66 23 April 1942
51 Winter, WernerWerner Winter Kapitänleutnant commander of U-103 5 June 1942
52 Cremer, Peter-ErichPeter-Erich Cremer Kapitänleutnant commander of U-333 5 June 1942
53 Merten, Karl-FriedrichKarl-Friedrich Merten Korvettenkapitän commander of U-68 13 June 1942 Awarded 147th Oak Leaves on 16 November 1942
54 Kraus, Hans-WernerHans-Werner Kraus Kapitänleutnant commander of U-83 19 June 1942
55 Rostin, ErwinErwin Rostin Kapitänleutnant commander of U-158 28 June 1942
56 Schultze, Heinz-OttoHeinz-Otto Schultze Kapitänleutnant commander of U-432 9 July 1942 killed in action 25 November 1943[23]
57 Lassen, GeorgGeorg Lassen Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-160 10 August 1942 Awarded 208th Oak Leaves on 7 March 1943
58 Rosenbaum, HelmutHelmut Rosenbaum Kapitänleutnant commander of U-73 12 August 1942
59 Piening, AdolfAdolf Piening Kapitänleutnant commander of U-155 13 August 1942
60 Schonder, HeinrichHeinrich Schonder Kapitänleutnant commander of U-77 19 August 1942 killed in action 28 June 1943[24]
61 Thurmann, KarlKarl Thurmann Korvettenkapitän comannder of U-553 24 August 1942 missing in action 28 January 1943[25]
62 Kals, ErnstErnst Kals Korvettenkapitän commander of U-130 1 September 1942
63 Hartenstein, WernerWerner Hartenstein Korvettenkapitän commander of U-156 17 September 1942 killed in action 8 March 1943[26]
64 Krech, GüntherGünther Krech Kapitänleutnant commander of U-558 17 September 1942
65 Bulow, Otto vonOtto von Bülow Kapitänleutnant commander of U-404 20 October 1942 Awarded 234th Oak Leaves on 26 April 1943
66 Witte, HelmutHelmut Witte Kapitänleutnant commander of U-159 22 October 1942
67 Strelow, SiegfriedSiegfried Strelow Kapitänleutnant commander of U-435 27 October 1942 killed in action 15 July 1943[27]
68 Poske, FritzFritz Poske Korvettenkapitän commander of U-504 6 November 1942
69 Emmermann, CarlCarl Emmermann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-172 27 November 1942 Awarded 256th Oak Leaves on 4 July 1943
70 Muller-Stockheim, GuntherGünther Müller-Stöckheim Kapitänleutnant commander of U-67 27 November 1942 killed in action 16 July 1943[28]
71 Dommes, WilhelmWilhelm Dommes Kapitänleutnant commander of U-431 2 December 1942
72 Witt, HansHans Witt Kapitänleutnant commander of U-129 17 December 1942
73 Henke, WernerWerner Henke Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-515 17 December 1942 Awarded 257th Oak Leaves on 4 July 1943
74 Rasch, HermannHermann Rasch Kapitänleutnant commander of U-106 29 December 1942
75 Schacht, HarroHarro Schacht Korvettenkapitän commander of U-507 9 January 1943 killed in action 14 January 1943[29]
76 Achilles, AlbrechtAlbrecht Achilles Kapitänleutnant commander of U-161 16 January 1943 killed in action 27 September 1943[30]
77 Schneider, HerbertHerbert Schneider Kapitänleutnant commander of U-522 16 January 1943 killed in action 24 February 1943[31]
78 Heyse, UlrichUlrich Heyse Kapitänleutnant commander of U-128 21 January 1943
79 Brandi, AlbrechtAlbrecht Brandi Kapitänleutnant commander of U-617 21 January 1943 Awarded 224th Oak Leaves on 11 April 1943, 66th Swords on 9 May 1944 and 22nd Diamonds on 24 November 1944
80 Forstner, Siegfried Freiherr vonSiegfried Freiherr von Forstner Kapitänleutnant commander of U-402 9 February 1943 killed in action 13 October 1943[a]
81 Bielig, GerhardGerhard Bielig Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-177 10 February 1943
82 Wurdemann, ErichErich Würdemann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-506 14 March 1943 killed in action 14 July 1943[32]
83 Reche, ReinhartReinhart Reche Kapitänleutnant commander of U-255 17 March 1943
84 Trojer, Hans-HartwigHans-Hartwig Trojer Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-221 24 March 1943
85 Gelhaus, HaraldHarald Gelhaus Kapitänleutnant commander of U-107 26 March 1943
86 Neitzel, KarlKarl Neitzel Korvettenkapitän commander of U-510 27 March 1943
87 Seibicke, GüntherGünther Seibicke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-436 27 March 1943 killed in action 26 May 1943[33]
88 Folkers, UlrichUlrich Folkers Kapitänleutnant commander of U-125 27 March 1943 killed in action 6 May 1943[34]
89 Heidtmann, HansHans Heidtmann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-559 12 April 1943
90 Mohlmann, HelmutHelmut Möhlmann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-571 16 April 1943
91 Jahn, GunterGunter Jahn Kapitänleutnant commander of U-596 30 April 1943
92 Franken, WilhelmWilhelm Franken Kapitänleutnant commander of U-565 30 April 1943 killed in action 13 January 1945[35]
93 Bargsten, KlausKlaus Bargsten Kapitänleutnant commander of U-521 30 April 1943
94 Heydemann, GüntherGünther Heydemann Kapitänleutnant commander of U-575 3 July 1943
95 Markworth, FriedrichFriedrich Markworth Kapitänleutnant commander of U-66 8 July 1943
96 Staats, GeorgGeorg Staats Kapitänleutnant commander of U-508 14 July 1943 killed in action 12 November 1943[36]
97 Kelbling, GerdGerd Kelbling Kapitänleutnant commander of U-593 18 August 1943
98 Panknin, HerbertHerbert Panknin Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-106 4 September 1943
99 Lechtenbörger, Dipl.-Ing. WilliDipl.-Ing. Willi Lechtenbörger* Oberleutnant (Ing.) of the Reserves chief engineer on U-847 4 September 1943 killed in action 27 August 1943[37]
100 Krey, HeinzHeinz Krey* Leutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-752 4 September 1943 killed in action 23 May 1943[38]
101 Maus, AugustAugust Maus Kapitänleutnant commander of U-185 21 September 1943
102 Schöneboom, DietrichDietrich Schöneboom Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-431 20 October 1943 killed in action 23 October 1943[39]
103 Landfermann, Carl-AugustCarl-August Landfermann Oberleutnant (Ing.) of the Reserves chief engineer on U-181 27 October 1943
104 Rohweder, HellmutHellmut Rohweder Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-69 and U-514 14 November 1943
105 Schlippenbach, Egon-Reiner vonEgon-Reiner Freiherr von Schlippenbach Kapitänleutnant commander of U-453 19 November 1943
106 Fenski, Horst-ArnoHorst-Arno Fenski Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-410 26 November 1943
107 Franke, HeinzHeinz Franke Kapitänleutnant commander of U-262 30 November 1943
108 Teichert, Max-MartinMax-Martin Teichert* Kapitänleutnant commander of U-456 19 December 1943 killed in action 12 May 1943[40]
109 Koitschka, SiegfriedSiegfried Koitschka Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-616 27 January 1944
110 Hellriegel, Hans-JürgenHans-Jürgen Hellriegel Kapitänleutnant commander of U-543 3 February 1944 killed in action 2 July 1944[41]
111 Lüdden, SiegfriedSiegfried Lüdden Kapitänleutnant commander of U-188 11 February 1944 killed on active service 13 January 1945[42]
112 Wessels, Johann-FriedrichJohann-Friedrich Wessels Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-198 9 March 1944
113 Poel, GustavGustav Poel Kapitänleutnant commander of U-413 21 March 1944
114 Mehl, WaldemarWaldemar Mehl Kapitänleutnant commander of U-371 28 March 1944
115 Eick, AlfredAlfred Eick Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-510 31 March 1944
116 Olschewski, GeorgGeorg Olschewski Oberleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-66 23 April 1944
117 Kaeding, WalterWalter Käding Obersteuermann 3rd watch officer and coxswain on U-123 15 May 1944
118 Hofmann, HorstHorst Hofmann Obersteuermann coxswain and watch officer on U-672 20 May 1944
119 Wiebe, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Wiebe Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-178 22 May 1944
120 Schroeter, Horst vonHorst von Schroeter Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-123 1 June 1944
Krieg, Johann-OttoJohann-Otto Krieg Oberleutnant zur See chief of the Kleinkampfflottille 361 8 July 1944
121 König, ReinhardReinhard König Oberleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-123 8 July 1944
122 Sieder, HeinzHeinz Sieder Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-984 8 July 1944 killed in action 20 August 1944[43]
123 Fleige, KarlKarl Fleige Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-18 18 July 1944
124 Marbach, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Marbach Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-953 22 July 1944
125 Stuckmann, HermannHermann Stuckmann Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-621 11 August 1944 killed in action 23 August 1944[27]
126 Dammeier, HeinrichHeinrich Dammeier Stabsobermaschinist lead machinist on U-270 12 August 1944
127 Lange, Hans-GüntherHans-Günther Lange Kapitänleutnant commander of U-711 26 August 1944 Awarded 853rd Oak Leaves on 29 April 1945
128 Timm, HeinrichHeinrich Timm Korvettenkapitän commander of U-862 17 September 1944
129 Schaar, GerhardGerhard Schaar Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-957 1 October 1944
130 Förster, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Förster Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-480 18 December 1944 killed in action 24 February 1945[44]
131 Brasack, PaulPaul Brasack Kapitänleutnant commander of U-737 30 October 1944
132 Muhlbauer, RudolfRudolf Mühlbauer Oberbootsmannsmaat leading seaman of the bridge (Brückenmaat) on U-123 10 December 1944
133 Pulst, GüntherGünther Pulst Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-978 21 December 1944
134 Thomsen, RolfRolf Thomsen Kapitänleutnant commander of U-1202 4 January 1945 Awarded 852nd Oak Leaves on 29 April 1945
135 Hechler, ErnstErnst Hechler Korvettenkapitän commander of U-870 21 January 1945
136 Dobratz, Dr. jur. KurtDr. jur. Kurt Dobratz Kapitän zur See commander of U-1232 23 January 1945
137 Limbach, JohannesJohannes Limbach Leutnant zur See 1st officer on U-181 6 February 1945
138 Hess, Hans-GeorgHans-Georg Hess Oberleutnant zur See of the Reserves commander of U-995 11 February 1945
139 Westphalen, OttoOtto Westphalen Oberleutnant zur See commander of U-968 23 March 1945
140 Lichtenberg, PhilippPhilipp Lichtenberg Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-516 31 March 1945
141 Johannsen, HansHans Johannsen Oberleutnant (Ing.) chief engineer on U-802 31 March 1945
142 Praßdorf, HeinrichHeinrich Praßdorf Obermaschinist lead machinist on U-1203 21 April 1945
143 Schroeteler, HeinrichHeinrich Schroeteler Kapitänleutnant commander of U-1023 2 May 1945
144 Lehmann, HansHans Lehmann Oberleutnant zur See of the Reserves commander of U-997 7 May 1945[b]

Legally disputed Knight's Cross recipients[edit]

Großadmiral Karl Dönitz ordered a cease of all promotions and awards as of 11 May 1945. Nevertheless, a number of Knight's Crosses were awarded after this date and are considered "illegal" hand-outs. One sailor of the U-boat service is often listed as a recipient of the Knight's Cross but falls outside of the Dönitz-decree. Karl Jäckel received his Knight's Cross confirmation after 11 May 1945 and is therefore a de facto but not de jure recipient.[2]

Number Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes
144 Jäckel, KarlKarl Jäckel Ober-Steuermann Coxswain on U-29, U-160 and U-907 1 June 1945

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Sources are inconclusive with respect to date of death. Some sources indicate that von Forstner succumbed to his injuries on 22 October 1943 nine days after the sinking of U-402 on 13 October 1943.[45][46][47]
  • b Author Clemens Range dates Hans Lehmann's Knight's Cross on 8 June 1945, thus after the effectiveness of the Dönitz-decree. Walther-Peer Fellgiebel, author of Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945, indicates that Lehmann received the Knight's Cross on 11 May 1945, before the Dönitz-decree prohibited the awarding of the Knight's Cross. The sequential number 317 within the Kriegsmarine, 144 within the U-boat service, associated to Lehmann's Knight's Cross is based on author Clemens Range's work Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine and Busch and Röll's book Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Historian Veit Scherzer, whose work Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives is based on the primary data from the German Federal Archives, indicates that the 7 May 1945 is the correct date.[48][49][50]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 7
  2. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, p. 4.
  3. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  5. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  6. ^ "Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944" (PDF). ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (in German). Reichsministerium des Inneren (Ministry of the Interior). Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p.112.
  8. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 36–38.
  9. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 518.
  10. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 102.
  11. ^ Range 1974, p. 43.
  12. ^ Range 1974, p. 45.
  13. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 54.
  14. ^ Range 1974, p. 30.
  15. ^ Range 1974, p. 41.
  16. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 173.
  17. ^ Range 1974, p. 33.
  18. ^ Range 1974, p. 146.
  19. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 143.
  20. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 129.
  21. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 17.
  22. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 27.
  23. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 247.
  24. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 237.
  25. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 273.
  26. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 73.
  27. ^ a b Range 1974, p. 165.
  28. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 177.
  29. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 221.
  30. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 9.
  31. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 231.
  32. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 297.
  33. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 253.
  34. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 55.
  35. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 61.
  36. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 257.
  37. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 137.
  38. ^ Range 1974, p. 109.
  39. ^ Range 1974, p. 156.
  40. ^ Range 1974, p. 167.
  41. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 81.
  42. ^ Range 1974, p.118.
  43. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 255.
  44. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 53.
  45. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 184.
  46. ^ Kurowski 1995, p. 57.
  47. ^ Range 1974, p. 78.
  48. ^ Range 1974, p. 113.
  49. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 287.
  50. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 498.
General
  • Busch, Hans-Joachim; Röll (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 978-0-88740-580-8. 
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2. 
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]