List of Knight's Cross recipients 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking

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Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Awarded by Nazi Germany
Type Neck order
Eligibility Military personnel
Awarded for Awarded to holders of the Iron Cross to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Campaign World War II
Status Obsolete
Statistics
Established 1 September 1939
First awarded 30 September 1939
Last awarded 11 May 1945 / 17 June 1945[a]
Precedence
Next (higher) Grand Cross of the Iron Cross
Next (lower) Iron Cross 1st Class
SSWiking.svg
Divisional Emblem 5th SS Division Wiking

The 5th SS Panzer Division "Wiking" was a German Waffen SS division recruited from foreign volunteers. During the course of World War II, the division progressed from a motorised infantry, Regiment formation to a full-fledged Panzer division. It saw action on the Eastern Front during the war. After the success of the Waffen SS during the early war campaigns in Poland and the West, it was decided to expand the number of Waffen SS divisions. Due to the influx of foreign volunteers, particularly from Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway, a decision was made to form a volunteer division. This unit, originally organized as the Nordische Division (Nr.5), was to be made up of Nordic volunteers mixed with ethnic German Waffen-SS veterans. To this end, the Germania motorised infantry regiment from the SS-Division Verfügungstruppe was removed from the division in late 1940. In December, Germania was dissolved and the troops were used as a basis for the formation of a new SS motorised formation, now to be designated SS-Division (mot.) Germania. During its formative period, the division's name was changed again, to SS-Division (mot.) Wiking. in January 1941. The division was formed around three motorised infantry regiments: Germania, formed mostly from ethnic Germans; Westland, consisting mainly of Dutch and Flemish volunteers; and Nordland, composed mostly of Danes, Swedes and Norwegians. Command of the newly formed division was given to SS-Brigadeführer Felix Steiner, the former commander of the Verfügungstruppe Deutschland Regiment.[1]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 [2] of September 1, 1939 instituted the Iron Cross and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. As the war progressed some of the recipients distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 [3] of June 3, 1940. In 1941 two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 [4] of September 28, 1941 introduced the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. At the end of 1944 the last and final grade, the Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds, based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 [5] of December 29, 1944 concluded the variants of the Knight's Cross.

Prerequisites[edit]

To qualify for the Knight's Cross, a soldier had to already hold the 1939 Iron Cross First Class, though the Iron Cross I Class was awarded concurrently with the Knight's Cross in rare cases. Unit commanders could also be awarded the medal for exemplary conduct by the unit as a whole.

Grades[edit]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was divided into five grades, excluding the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross:

  • Knights Cross
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves and swords
  • Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
  • Knights Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds

Knight's Cross with Diamonds[edit]

Knight's Cross with Swords[edit]

Herbert Otto Gille wears his Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds

Knight's Cross with Oakleaves[edit]

Knight’s Cross[edit]

HQ Staff[edit]

SS Panzer Regiment 5 Wiking[edit]

SS Panzergrenadier Regiment 9 Germania[edit]

  • Fritz Biegi, 16.06.1944 Oberscharführer platoon commander 5th Company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Karl Heinz Bühler, 06.05.1945 Obersturmbannführer Commander 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • August Dieckmann, 23.04.1942 Sturmbannführer Commander I./SS-Rgt (mot) Germania
  • Hans Dorr, 27.09.1942 Hauptsturmführer Commander 4th Company, SS-Inf.Rgt Germania'
  • Fritz Ehrath, 23.02.1944 Obersturmbannführer Commander 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Markus Faulhaber, 25.12.1942 Obersturmführer Commander 2nd Company, SS-Rgt (mot) Germania
  • Egon Franz, 16.10.1944 Unterscharführer platoon commander, 3rd Company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Franz Hack, 14.05.1944 Sturmbannführer Commander III.(gp.)/9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Hans Juchem, 12.09.1943 Hauptsturmführer Commander II./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Soeren Kam, 07.02.1945 Untersturmführer Commander 1st Company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Werner Meyer, 04.06.1944 Obersturmführer Commander 1st Company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Heinz Murr, 21.09.1944 Hauptsturmführer Commander III./9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Helmut Pförtner, Helmut 18.01.1942 Untersturmführer platoon commander, 2nd Company, SS-Rgt Germania
  • Gustav Schreiber, 02.12.1943 Hauptscharführer Commander 7th company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Hans Sigmund, 05.04.1945 Oberscharführer platoon commander, 11th Company, 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Josef Styr, 05.04.1945 Hauptscharführer platoon commander, 10th Company. 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania
  • Jurgen Wagner, 24.07.1943 Oberführer Commander 9th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Germania [6]

SS Panzergrenadier Regiment 10 Westland[edit]

  • Hans Drexel, 14.10.1943 Obersturmführer Commander II./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Bruno Hinz, 02.12.1943 Untersturmführer Commander 2nd Company, 10th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Gerhard Lotze, 01.02.1945 Obersturmführer Commander 5th Company, 10th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Albert Muller, 04.08.1943 Hauptscharführer Pak.platoon commander, 4th Company, 10th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Erwin Reichel, 28.02.1943 Sturmbannführer Commander SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Walter Schmidt, 04.08.1943 Hauptsturmführer Commander III./10th SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Günther Sitter, 13.09.1943 Hauptsturmführer Commander II./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland
  • Erich Zepper, 02.12.1943 Hauptscharführer Commander 2nd Company, SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt Westland [6]

SS Panzer Grenadier Regiment Nordland[edit]

(assigned until March 1943)

SS Panzer Grenadier Battalion Narwa[edit]

(III./Nordland until 06/43)

5th SS Volunteer Sturmbrigade Wallonien[edit]

SS Panzer Artillery Regiment 5 Wiking[edit]

SS Panzerjäger Battalion 5 Wiking[edit]

  • Willi Eßlinger, 19.06.1943 Hauptscharführer platoon commander, 3rd Battery, Pz.Jäg Btn, SS-Pz.Gren.Div Wiking
  • Gerhard Fischer, 04.05.1944 Unterscharführer platoon commander, 3rd Battery, 5th SS-Pz.Jäg Btn Wiking
  • Paul Trabandt, 14.10.1943 Hauptscharführer platoon commander, 2nd Battery, SS-Pz.Jäg Btn Wiking [6]

SS Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion 5 Wiking[edit]

  • Heinrich Debus, 04.05.1944 Obersturmführer Commander 5th SS-Pz.Reconnaissance Btn Wiking [6]

SS Panzer Pionier Battalion 5 Wiking[edit]

  • Hugo Eichhorn, 15.01.1943 Hauptsturmführer HQ's 5th Pi.Btn, SS-Div Wiking
  • Eberhard Heder, 18.11.1944 Hauptsturmführer Commander 5th SS.Pz.Pi.Btn Wiking
  • Max Schäfer, 12.02.1943 Obersturmbannführer Commander 5th SS-Pi.Btn Wiking [6]

SS Flak Battalion 5 Wiking[edit]

  • Alois Schnaubelt, 16.11.1944 Unterscharführer Geschützführer, 3rd Battery, 5th SS-Flak Btn Wiking [6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 1573; 1 September 1939
  3. ^ @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 849; 3 June 1940
  4. ^ @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt Teil I S. 613; 28 September 1941
  5. ^ @ALEX Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11; 29 December 1944
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "axishistory". 

References[edit]

  • SEEMEN, Gerhard von: Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas, 1976.
  • SCHERZER, Veit: Knight's Cross Recipients 1939 - 1945 (Paperback) by Enid Blyton, 1999