List of Knights and Dames of the Order of Australia
This is a list of Knights and Dames of the Order of Australia.
The Order of Australia is the only Australian order of chivalry, although certain dynastic British orders of chivalry, such as the Order of the Garter, the Order of the Thistle and the Royal Victorian Order, may still be awarded to Australians by the Monarch of Australia. It was established on 14 February 1975 by Queen Elizabeth II on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Australia, Gough Whitlam, to recognise Australian citizens and other persons for achievement, meritorious service, or for both. At its establishment, the Order of Australia included three grades: Companion, Officer and Member, and two Divisions: Civil and Military.
On 24 May 1976, the grades of Knight (AK) and Dame (AD), and the Medal of the Order of Australia (OAM), were established by the Monarch on the advice of Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, and the Civil Division was renamed the General Division. Knight and Dame of the Order of Australia superseded Companion of the Order as the highest grade, however Knight and Dame are only awarded in the General Division of the Order.
Recipients who are not Australian citizens may be appointed Honorary Knights or Dames, although no such appointments have yet been made. Although Heir to the Australian throne, Charles, Prince of Wales is not an Australian citizen; to avoid his appointment being as an Honorary Knight, the Constitution of the Order of Australia was amended by Letters Patent to enable him to be a substantive Knight.
Following the 1983 election, Prime Minister Bob Hawke advised the abolition of the Knight and Dame grades. On 3 March 1986, the Monarch co-signed Letters Patent revoking the categories of Knight and Dame – existing Knights and Dames were not affected by this change. Following his election in 2013, Prime Minister Tony Abbott advised the Queen to reinstate the categories of Dame and Knight. In March 2014, the Queen co-signed Letters Patent to bring this into effect.
Knights of the Order of Australia
|Barwick, Sir GarfieldSir Garfield Barwick AK GCMG QC||22 Jun 1903||14 Jul 1997||Attorney-General of Australia (1958–64); Minister for External Affairs (1961–64); Chief Justice of Australia (1964–81)||8 Jun 1981 Q|||
|Burnet, Sir MacFarlaneSir MacFarlane Burnet OM AK KBE||3 Sep 1899||31 Aug 1985||Virologist, Nobel laureate in 1960 for predicting acquired immune tolerance and was best known for developing the theory of clonal selection||26 Jan 1978 A|||
|Cosgrove, General Sir PeterGeneral Sir Peter Cosgrove AK MC||28 Jul 1947||living (age 67)||Chief of the Defence Force (2002-05), Governor-General 2014–||28 Mar 2014 O|
|Court, Sir CharlesSir Charles Court AK KCMG OBE||29 Sep 1911||22 Dec 2007||Premier of Western Australia (1974–82)||14 Jun 1982 Q|||
|Cowen, Sir ZelmanSir Zelman Cowen AK GCMG GCVO QC PC||7 Oct 1919||8 Dec 2011||Governor-General (1977–82)||8 Dec 1977 O|||
|Cutler, Sir RodenSir Roden Cutler VC AK KCMG KCVO CBE||24 May 1916||22 Feb 2002||Decorated soldier, diplomat, and longest-serving Governor of New South Wales (1966–81)||7 Apr 1981|||
|Jackson, Sir GordonSir Gordon Jackson AK||5 May 1924||1 Jun 1991||Industrialist; previously a Companion of the Order||13 Jun 1983 Q|||
|Kerr, Sir JohnSir John Kerr AK GCMG GCVO||24 Sep 1914||24 Mar 1991||Governor-General (1974–77)||24 May 1976 O|||
|Menzies, Sir RobertSir Robert Menzies KT AK CH QC||20 Dec 1894||15 May 1978||Prime Minister (1939–41, 1949–66)||7 Jun 1976 Q|||
|Stephen, Sir NinianSir Ninian Stephen KG AK GCMG GCVO KBE PC QC||15 Jun 1923||living (age 91)||High Court Judge (1972-82), Governor-General (1982–89)||29 Jul 1982 O|||
|Syme, Sir ColinSir Colin Syme AK||22 Apr 1903||19 Jan 1986||Industrialist||6 Jun 1977 Q|||
|Wales, Prince Charles, Prince ofPrince Charles, Prince of Wales KG KT GCB OM AK QSO PC||14 Nov 1948||living (age 65)||Heir apparent to the Australian throne||14 Mar 1981|||
|Wright, Sir RoySir Roy Wright AK||7 Aug 1907||28 Feb 1990||Physiologist||26 Jan 1983 A|||
Dames of the Order of Australia
|Bashir, Dame MarieDame Marie Bashir AD CVO||1 Dec 1930||living (age 83)||Governor of New South Wales 2001-||9 Jun 2014 Q|||
|Bryce, Dame QuentinDame Quentin Bryce AD CVO||23 Dec 1942||living (age 71)||Governor of Queensland (2003-08), Governor-General (2008-14)||25 Mar 2014 O|
|Hasluck, Dame AlexandraDame Alexandra Hasluck AD||26 Aug 1908||18 Jun 1993||Author and social historian||6 Jun 1978 Q|||
|Lyons, Dame EnidDame Enid Lyons AD GBE||9 Jul 1897||2 Sep 1981||First woman elected to the House of Representatives; first woman appointed to the federal Cabinet||26 Jan 1980 A|||
- Australian knights and dames
- Living Australian knights and dames
- List of Companions of the Order of Australia
- "Order of Australia". Ninth Edition, 2009. Issued by the Office of the Official Secretary to the Governor-General, Government House, Canberra.
- Date Awarded
A = Australia Day List (26 January)
Q = Queen's Birthday List (Second Monday in June)
O = On assuming office as Governor-General, (or in the case of John Kerr and Quentin Bryce, on establishment / restoration of the grade of Dame / Knight).
- Gen Cosgrove was previously a Companion of the Order in the Military Division prior to his appointment as Governor-General.
- John Kerr was the Governor-General and Principal Companion of the Order when the grade of Dame / Knight was established; his knighthood took effect immediately the category of Knight was established. Similarly Quentin Bryce when the grade was restored.
- Colin Syme had previously been knighted as a Knight Bachelor, which carries no postnominal.