List of Korean War flying aces

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Dozens of aviators were credited as flying aces in the Korean War from 1950 to 1953. The number of total flying aces, who are credited with downing five or more enemy aircraft in air-to-air combat, is disputed in the war.

The Korean War saw the first widespread use of jet engine-powered fighter aircraft for both sides of a conflict. Subsequently, difficulty arose in crediting the number of victories for each side, thanks in part to poor records, intentional overestimation, and the difficulty of confirming crashes in MiG alley, where the majority of air-to-air combat took place in the war. As a result, there is a large discrepancy on both sides as to the number of victories claimed versus aircraft lost, and it is extremely difficult to determine the accuracy of many victories. The ace status of dozens of pilots still remains in question.

Aviators from four nations may have qualified as aces during the Korean War; between six and nine aces have been estimated for China and up to four in North Korea. Pilots of the Soviet Union had the most difficulty confirming victories and accurately determining which pilots achieved ace status, and between 34 and 60 pilots from that nation have been postulated as possible aces in the war. For the United Nations, the United States was the only country with pilots to attain ace status, with 40 documented aces. No pilot from another UN country attained ace status, though many claimed victories. Among these, Royal Canadian Air Force pilot Ernest A. Glover claimed three victories.[1]

Controversy[edit]

The status of many claimed aces in the Korean War is a subject of intense dispute owing to conflicting records from the two sides in the conflict. Records from the United Nations generally agree there were only 40 pilots to reach ace status during the Korean War, all of them from the United States. However, records from China, the Soviet Union, and North Korea conflict widely and accounts vary on how many aircraft on each side were lost and who is credited with the victories.[2] Air victory claims, which are often controversial between two sides of a conflict, were particularly difficult to measure in Korea thanks to the difficulty recovering crashed aircraft and confirming losses, as well as poor records for the two sides which fought the bulk of their engagements in an area known as MiG Alley.[3][4]

The number of aircraft lost during the war is in dispute among both the UN and the Soviet bloc nations.[5] UN pilots claim 840 aircraft shot down during the war, while Chinese, Soviet, and North Korean sources indicate only 600 were lost among the three nations. Conversely, the Soviet Union sources claim to have shot down 800 UN aircraft, while US sources indicate only 100 were lost in combat. Overestimation of victories on both sides has been attributed to the stress and confusion of air combat situations during the war, as well as the tendency for pilots to deliberately exaggerate claims for career advancement.[3] Claims from the Soviet-bloc nations were arguably more likely to be accurate because the majority of air-to-air action in the war occurred over Soviet airspace. However, historians suggest that numbers in these nations were deliberately exaggerated for propaganda purposes and to appease their superiors. Soviet pilots faced harsh penalties for perceived failure or ineffectiveness, making inaccurate or false claims of victories more common.[6] Compounding the problem, both sides were using jet engine-powered fighter aircraft on a large scale for the first time, and the high speeds of combat made visual identification of damaged and destroyed aircraft difficult. As a result, UN planners required multiple witnesses to confirm victories, hoping to gain the best intelligence possible. Soviet leaders had relatively lax standards for confirming kills at the beginning of the war, leading to widespread over-claiming.[7] Both sides made extensive use of gun cameras to better track effectiveness, but Soviet cameras were less effective, further contributing to over-claiming.[8]

The Soviet bloc nations claim to have destroyed a combined total of between 1,000 and 1,600 UN aircraft in air-to-air combat, the most common number in sources being 1,106 UN aircraft total, including 651 F-86 Sabres. The most authoritative numbers indicate 1,016 UN aircraft, including 595 Sabres. Chinese sources claim an additional 330 victories, including 211 Sabres. The most common number used is a total of 271 victories for China and North Korea.[9] Other, more recent works claim 1,337 UN aircraft.[10] During the entire course of the war, the UN forces reposted 1,466 aircraft lost to all causes,[9] with 757 of them lost to enemy action.[10] Of these only 139 were destroyed in air-to-air combat, with another 305 unknown or missing. Of these, just 78 Sabres were listed as lost in combat, with 26 missing.[9]

Tallying claims for the many Soviet pilots who claim to have achieved ace status is extremely difficult. The system of claims awards in that former country is unclear and appears to have been highly inconsistent during the conflict. There is also no single list of victories for each pilot in the Soviet Union, with numbers instead drawn from after action reports and accounts from pilots and unit leaders. These complications, in addition to the intentional exaggeration of kills in order to please superiors, means that the about 50 Soviet pilots claiming ace status have a total number of victories which far exceeds the number of aircraft the UN troops lost in the Korean War's air battles.[2] Realizing the chronic problem with false claims, Soviet leaders began to tighten the criteria for confirming victories in 1952. As a result, far fewer Soviet pilots were made aces in the second half of the war.[11]

List of aces[edit]

China[edit]

Various sources claim that between six and nine Chinese pilots attained ace status during the course of the war.[2] The United States Air Force acknowledged six Chinese pilots attained ace status during the Korean War.[12] Although all Chinese aces have received the title Combat Hero in acknowledgement of their services,[13] very little information is known of the Chinese pilots during the war due to the lack of published records.[14]

      This with the * indicates that the pilot was either killed in action or killed in a training event during the war.
      This indicates that certain historians have expressed doubt regarding the ace status of the pilot listed.

Photo Name Service Rank Victories Unit Aircraft Notes
Zhao Baotong PLAAF not applicable[note 1] 9[12] 3rd Fighter Aviation Division[15] MiG 15 First Chinese pilot to achieve ace status.[15] Also known as Chao Bao Tun.[14]
Wang Hai PLAAF not applicable 9[12] 3rd Fighter Aviation Division[16] MiG 15 Although the US Air Force acknowledged Wang's nine victories, historian Zhang Xiaoming contended that only four victories were actual kills while other five were damages.[16] Also known as Van Hai.[12]
Li Han PLAAF not applicable 8[12] 4th Fighter Aviation Division[17] MiG 15 First Chinese pilot credited with shooting down a U.S. aircraft.[17]
Lu Min PLAAF not applicable 8[12] 12th Fighter Aviation Division[18] MiG 15 Later purged due to alleged connections with Marshal Lin Biao's coup attempt against Mao Zedong.[19]
Fan Wanzhang* PLAAF not applicable 8[12] 3rd Fighter Aviation Division[13] MiG 15 Also known as Fan Van Chou.[14] Killed in action on August 8, 1952.[13]
Sun Shenlu* PLAAF not applicable 6[12] 3rd Fighter Aviation Division[20] MiG 15 Killed in action on December 3, 1952 near the Ch'ongch'on River.[20]
Liu Yudi PLAAF not applicable 6[13] 3rd Fighter Aviation Division[21] MiG 15 Although Liu was credited with four victories during a single mission on November 23, 1951, US Air Force records indicated that only two F-84 were actually damaged with no aircraft lost.[22]

North Korea[edit]

There is some controversy as to whether any pilots of the North Korean People's Air Force attained ace status. Various sources claim there were either zero, two or four aces from North Korea.[2] Research by the United States Air Force in 1999 concluded two North Korean pilots may have attained the status.[12] However, historian Michael J. Varhola subsequently contended that Chinese and Soviet records indicate it is unlikely any North Korean pilots attained enough victories for ace status.[14]

      This with the * indicates that the pilot was either killed in action or killed in a training event during the war.
      This indicates that certain historians have expressed doubt regarding the ace status of the pilot listed.

Photo Name Service Rank Victories Unit Aircraft Notes
Kam Den Dek KPAF unknown 8 1st Air Division MiG 15 Ace status disputed.[12]
Kim Di San KPAF unknown 6 1st Air Division MiG 15 Ace status disputed.[12]

Soviet Union[edit]

Various sources claim between 43 and 60 pilots from the Soviet Union attained ace status in the conflict.[2] Most sources claim around 50 pilots attained ace status during the Korean War, of whom many are very controversial.[9] Research by the United States Air Force named 52 pilots who may have had legitimate claim to the title, though little is known of some of the pilots and it is impossible all of them attained the title with the number of aircraft the USAF claims to have lost in the war.[2] Subsequent independent sources generally agree the number of aces claimed was around 52, but 15 names differ among the lists, particularly lower-scoring pilots. The number of victories for virtually all of the ace pilots is subject to dispute. Listed are names of 67 Soviet pilots attributed as aces in various sources. Of these, the ace status of 30 are in question among historians.[23]

      This with the * indicates that the pilot was either killed in action or killed in a training event during the war.
      This indicates that certain historians have expressed doubt regarding the ace status of the pilot listed.

Photo Name Service Rank[23] Victories[12] Unit[23] Aircraft Notes
Yevgeny Pepelyaev VVS Polkovnik 022522.5 (1 Shared) 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union.[24] Various sources credit Pepelyaev with 19, 20, or 23 aircraft. Of the issue, Pepelyaev claimed he was "absolutely sure" of only six of his victories, of which he had seen only two of the aircraft crash into the ground.[9]
Nikolay V. Sutyagin VVS Major 022022 (2 Shared) 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP), 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union.[24]
Alexandr P. Smortzkow VVS Podpolkovnik 015015 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Lev K. Schukin VVS Kapitan 015015 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15
Dimitri P. Oskin VVS Major 014014 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Number of victories is disputed, and may be 11.[12]
Mikhail S. Ponomaryev VVS Major 014014 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Number of victories is disputed, and may be 11.[12]
Sergei M. Kramarenko VVS Kapitan 013013 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union. Scored between 3 and 14 victories in World War II. He is one of four Soviet pilots to claim ace status in both wars. One of Kramarenko's victories in Korea is disputed.[24]
Ivan A. Suchkov VVS Kapitan 012012 176th Guards Fighter Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Number of victories is disputed and may be 10.[12]
Konstantin N. Sheberstov VVS Major 012012 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Number of victories is disputed. In 1951, he made a false claim on one of Yevgeny Pepelyaev's victories and was exposed, disgracing Sheberstov.[24]
Stepan A. Bahayev VVS Major 011011 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Nikolai K. Dokashenko VVS Kapitan 011011 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Grigorii U. Ohay VVS Kapitan 011011 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Also claimed 6 or 8 victories in World War II.[25]
Pomaz VVS unknown 011011 494th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Dimitri A. Samoilov VVS Starshiy leytenant 010010 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Pavel S. Milaushkin VVS Kapitan 010010 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15
Grigorii I. Pulov VVS Podpolkovnik 010010 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Number is disputed, and may be 8.[12]
Mikhail I. Mihin VVS Kapitan 00909 518th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union.[11]
Serafim P. Subbotin VVS Major 00909 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union. Some sources claim Subbotin had up to 15 victories, though most sources agree on 9.[24]
H. V. Zabelin VVS Major 00909 256th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP), 821st Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Grigorii I. Ges VVS Kapitan 00808 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Also claimed 5 victories in World War II. Some sources claim Ges may have had up to 10 victories, though most sources agree on 8.[25]
V. N. Alfeev VVS Kapitan 00707 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
P. N. Antonov VVS Major 00707 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
N. N. Babonin VVS unknown 00707 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Semen A. Fedorets VVS Major 00707 913th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Lev M. Ivanov VVS Kapitan 00707 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
A. N. Karasev VVS Podpolkovnik 00707 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[23]
A. I. Mitusov VVS Podpolkovnik 00707 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
V. F. Shulev VVS Kapitan 00707 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
N. S. Volkov VVS Kapitan 00707 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Ivan M. Zaplavnev VVS Kapitan 00707 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
S. S. Artemchenko VVS Major 00606 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Arkadii S. Boitsov VVS Major 00606 16th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union.[11]
B. V. Bokatz VVS Kapitan 00606 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
V. M. Hvostontsev VVS unknown 00606 unknown MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Nikolai I. Ivanov VVS unknown 00606 726th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
A. A. Kalyuzhniy VVS Major 00606 Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
A. P. Nikolayev VVS unknown 00606 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
P. F. Nikulin VVS unknown 00606 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Fiodor A. Shebanov* VVS Starshiy leytenant 00606 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Killed in action October 29, 1951.[27]
F. A. Vesshnyakov VVS Polkovnik 00606 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15
Nikolai M. Zameskin VVS Major 00606 878th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
Boris S. Abakumov VVS Kapitan 00505 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
A. T. Bashman VVS Major 00505 148th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15
V. I. Belousov VVS unknown 00505 324th Fighter Air Division (IAD), 303rd Fighter Air Division (IAD) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Grigorii N. Berelidze VVS Kapitan 00505 224th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
G. I. Bogdanov VVS unknown 00505 unknown MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Bychkov VVS Kapitan 00505 17th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Nikolai I. Gerasimenko VVS unknown 00505 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
S. D. Danilov VVS unknown 00505 unknown MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Grigorii F. Dmitryuk VVS Major 00505 821st Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
N. M. Goncharov VVS Kapitan 00505 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Anatoli M. Karelin VVS Major 00505 351st Fighter Air Regiment (IAP), 303rd Fighter Air Division (IAD) MiG 15 Awarded Hero of the Soviet Union.[11]
V. I. Kolyadin VVS Podpolkovnik 00505 28th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[23]
Nikolai L. Korniyenko VVS Kapitan 00505 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15
A. M. Kochegarov VVS unknown 00505 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
V. L. Lepikov VVS unknown 00505 415th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
V. G. Muravyov VVS Kapitan 00505 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Stepan I. Naumenko VVS Kapitan 00505 29th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 First Soviet ace in the war, scoring his fifth kill on December 24, 1950.[23]
Boris A. Obraztsov* VVS unknown 00505 176th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Killed in action. Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
Afanasii A. Olenitsa VVS Major 00505 821st Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
V. P. Popov VVS Kapitan 00505 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
A. R. Prudnikov VVS unknown 00505 821st Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by the US Air Force but not independent sources.[12]
G. T. Shatalov* VVS Starshiy leytenant 00505 523rd Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Killed in action November 28, 1951. Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[23]
Boris N. Siskov VVS Kapitan 00505 224th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15 Final soviet ace of the war, scoring his fifth victory on July 20, 1953.[26]
N. K. Shelamanov VVS Kapitan 00505 196th Fighter Air Regiment (IAP) MiG 15
V. I. Stepanov VVS Starshiy leytenant 00505 18th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 Acknowledged by independent sources but not the US Air Force.[26]
Nicolai I. Shkodin VVS unknown 00505 147th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (GvIAP) MiG 15 The US Air Force found Shkodin had been credited with 5 victories but could only confirm three of them. Independent sources do not list Shkodin on lists of aces.[12]

United States[edit]

Of 40 United States military servicemen who attained ace status in Korea, all but one of them flew primarily the F-86 Sabre during their air-to-air fights. Early in the war against the older North Korean People's Air Force aircraft, US pilots flew a variety of aircraft including the F-51 Mustang, F-80 Shooting Star and F-82 Twin Mustang. However, with the introduction of the MiG 15 when the People's Liberation Army Air Force entered the conflict, only the Sabre fighter could match the Soviet-built fighters in single combat.[28]

The pilots who attained ace status in the war scored a disproportionate number of kills in the conflict. Of 1,000 fighter pilots who served in the war, only 355 were credited with aerial victories. A total of 756.5 victories were credited for aircraft shot down by the UN, with the 40 aces shooting down a total of 310.5 aircraft, or 40 percent of the total. The top five aces are credited with a combined ten percent of the UN aircraft victories of the war.[29] In addition to the 40 pilots who attained ace status in the Korean War, another 17 US pilots who had been aces in World War II claimed additional kills in the Korean War. Two Canadian World War II aces, J. Lindsay and John McKay, also garnered additional kills in the conflict.[12]

      This with the * indicates that the pilot was either killed in action or killed in a training event during the war.

Photo Name[1] Service Rank Victories[30] Unit Aircraft Notes
Joseph McConnell.JPG McConnell, Joseph C.Joseph C. McConnell USAF Captain 16016 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Was a navigator for the B-24 Liberator during World War II. Killed in a 1954 training accident.[30]
JamesJabaraPortrait1940s.jpg Jabara, JamesJames Jabara USAF Major 15015 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Also claimed 1.5 kills (1 shared) flying a P-51 Mustang in World War II.[1]
Capt. Manuel J. Fernandez Jr. of the 34th Fighter Intercepter Wing.jpg Manuel J. "Pete" Fernandez USAF Captain 14514.5 (1 Shared) 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Killed in a 1980 aircraft crash.[1][31]
George Andrew Davis.jpg George A. Davis* USAF Captain 14014 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Shot down 10 February 1952. His death generated controversy between China and the Soviet Union, in which both MiG pilots Zhang Jihui and Mikhail A. Averin had claimed to be his assailant.[31] Received the Medal of Honor for his actions. Also claimed 7 kills in the P-47 Thunderbolt in World War II.[1]
Royal N. Baker.jpg Royal N. "King" Baker USAF Colonel 13013 48th Fighter Group F-86 Sabre Also claimed 3.5 kills (1 shared) in World War II.[1]
Frederick Blesse portrait.jpg Frederick C. "Boots" Blesse USAF US Major 10010 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron P-51 Mustang
F-80 Shooting Star
F-86 Sabre
Harold E Fischer.jpg Harold E. Fischer USAF First Lieutenant 10010 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Shot down and captured in China on April 7, 1953.[32]
Col James K. Johnson.jpg James K. Johnson USAF Colonel 10010 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Also claimed 1 kill in World War II.[1]
Lonnie Moore.jpg Lonnie R. Moore USAF Captain 10010 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Killed in a 1956 aircraft crash.[1][30]
Ralph Parr.jpg Ralph Parr USAF Captain 10010 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre [1]
Vermont Garrison.jpg Vermont Garrison USAF Lieutenant Colonel 10010 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Also claimed 7.3 kills (1 Shared among three pilots) in World War II[1]
Cecil G. Foster.jpg Cecil G. Foster USAF Captain 0909 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
James F. Low.jpg James F. Low USAF First Lieutenant 0909 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
James P. Hagerstrom.jpg James P. Hagerstrom USAF Major 0858.5 (1 Shared) 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
67th Fighter-Bomber Squadron
F-86 Sabre Also claimed 6 kills in World War II.[1]
James Robinson Risner in flight suit.jpg Robinson Risner USAF Major 0808 336th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
George Ruddell.jpg George I. Ruddell USAF Lieutenant Colonel 0808 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Henry Buttelmann.jpg Henry Buttelman USAF First Lieutenant 0707 25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Was the youngest American ace of the war, claiming 5 victories in 12 days.[1]
Clifford D. Jolley USAF Captain 0707 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Leonard W. Lilley USAF Captain 0707 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Donald E. Adams.jpg Donald E. Adams* USAF Major 0656.5 (1 Shared) 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Killed in an airshow crash on August 30, 1952.[33]
Mb-gabreski-1956.jpg Francis S. "Gabby" Gabreski USAF Colonel 0656.5 (1 Shared) 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing,
51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing
F-86 Sabre Also claimed 28 kills in World War II.[1]
George L. Jones USAF Lieutenant Colonel 0656.5 (1 Shared) 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing
F-86 Sabre
Winton W. Marshall.jpg Winton W. Marshall USAF Major 0656.5 (1 Shared) 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
John F. Bolt 1953.jpg John F. Bolt USMC Major 0606 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Also claimed 6 kills in World War II.[1]
James H Kasler.jpg James H. Kasler USAF First Lieutenant 0606 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Robert J. Love USAF Captain 0606 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
William T. Whisner 2.jpg William T. Whisner USAF Major 0555.5 (1 Shared) 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
F-86 Sabre
Robert P. Baldwin.jpg Robert P. Baldwin USAF Colonel 0505 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
F-86 Sabre
Richard S. Becker USAF Captain 0505 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Stephen L. Bettinger USAF Major 0505 336th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Also claimed 1 kill in World War II.[1] Was the final American ace of the war with his final victory claimed on July 20, 1953. Was subsequently shot down and taken prisoner.[34]
Lt Guy Bordelon USN fighter ace Korea.jpeg Guy Bordelon USN Lieutenant (Senior Grade) 0505 Composite Squadron 3 F4U-5NL Corsair Only US Navy aviator to be awarded ace status.[34]
Richard D. Creighton USAF Major 0505 336th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Clyde A. Curtin USAF Captain 0505 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Ralph D. "Hoot" Gibson USAF Captain 0505 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Iven Kincheloe photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg Iven C. Kincheloe USAF Captain 0505 25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Killed in a 1958 aircraft crash.[35]
Robert T. Latshaw USAF Captain 0505 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre
Robert H. Moore.jpg Robert H. Moore USAF Captain 0505 336th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
F-86 Sabre
Dolph Overton.jpg Dolphin D. Overton USAF Captain 0505 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Attained Ace status in the shortest time of any American pilot in the war with five victories in four days.[34]
Harrison Thyng.jpg Harrison R. Thyng USAF Colonel 0505 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing
F-86 Sabre Also claimed 5 kills in World War II. Credited to have shot down pilots of more nationalities of any American ace, with victories against Nazi Germany, Vichy France and the Empire of Japan.[34]
Willaim Wescott.jpg William Westcott USAF Major 0505 25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron,
51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing
F-86 Sabre
Lieutenant General Charles Cleveland.jpg Charles G. Cleveland USAF First Lieutenant 0505 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86 Sabre Fifth victory was not recognized by the US Air Force until 2008.[36]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The Chinese military did not have military ranks until 1955.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Varhola 2000, p. 42
  2. ^ a b c d e f Werrell 2005, p. 214
  3. ^ a b Werrell 2005, p. 141
  4. ^ Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 6
  5. ^ Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 9
  6. ^ Werrell 2005, p. 142
  7. ^ Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 7
  8. ^ Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 8
  9. ^ a b c d e Werrell 2005, p. 143
  10. ^ a b Werrell 2005, p. 213
  11. ^ a b c d Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 86
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Bowers, Al (1999-05-17), Fighter Pilot Aces, United States Air Force, retrieved 2011-08-28 
  13. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 中华英雄鏖战世界强敌 抗美援朝"战斗英雄"全景扫描 (Profiles on Combat Heroes During the Korean War), Beijing, China: Xinhua, 2010-10-26, retrieved 2011-08-29 
  14. ^ a b c d Varhola 2000, p. 44
  15. ^ a b Zhang 2004, p. 149.
  16. ^ a b Zhang 2004, p. 152.
  17. ^ a b Zhang 2004, p. 105.
  18. ^ Zhang 2004, p. 193.
  19. ^ (Chinese) 林彪叛逃后的林立衡:1974年曾自杀 (Lin Biao's Daughter After Father's Downfall: Suicide Attempts in 1974), Beijing, China: Xinhua, 2010-11-25, retrieved 2011-08-29 
  20. ^ a b (Chinese) 空中突击手孙生禄 (Sun Shenlu: The Aerial Vanguard), Beijing, China: Xinhua, 2003-10-25, retrieved 2011-08-29 
  21. ^ Zhang 2004, p. 153.
  22. ^ Zhang 2004, p. 155.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 88
  24. ^ a b c d e Werrell 2005, p. 216
  25. ^ a b Werrell 2005, p. 218
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 89
  27. ^ Krylov & Tepsurkaev 2008, p. 93
  28. ^ Fact Sheet: Korean War Aces, United States Air Force, retrieved 2011-08-12 
  29. ^ Werrell 2005, p. 184
  30. ^ a b c Gurney 1958, p. 248
  31. ^ a b Werrell 2005, p. 185
  32. ^ Dorr & Lake 1999, p. 77
  33. ^ Dorr & Lake 1999, p. 42
  34. ^ a b c d Varhola 2000, p. 43
  35. ^ Dorr & Lake 1999, p. 96
  36. ^ Bates, Matthew (2008-02-13), Retired general becomes Air Force's newest fighter ace, United States Air Force, archived from the original on 2012-12-12, retrieved 2012-01-16 

Sources[edit]