List of Latin-script pentagraphs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In the Latin script, pentagraphs are found primarily in Irish orthography. There is one archaic pentagraph in German orthography, which is found in the English word Nietzschean.

Irish[edit]

Used between a velarized ("broad") and a platalized ("slender") consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

abhai, amhai, obhai, odhai, and oghai

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

adhai, aghai

To write the sound /əi̯/:

oidhi and oighi

To write the sound /oː/:

omhai

Used between a slender and a broad consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

eabha and eamha

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

eadha

Used between two slender consonants:

To write the sound /əi̯/: eidhi and eighi

Dutch[edit]

sjtsj is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕː/ in Russian, for example in the name Chroesjtsjov.

French[edit]

chtch is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕː/ in Russian, for example in the name Khrouchtchev.

German[edit]

tzsch was once used in German to write the sound /tʃ/. It has largely been replaced by the tetragraph tsch, but is still found in proper names such as Nietzsche.