List of Latin place names in Continental Europe, Ireland and Scandinavia

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Latin Place Names
by country
Africa
Asia
Europe
by type
Cities
Countries
Islands
Lakes
Mountains
Regions
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This list includes European countries and regions that were part of the Roman Empire, or that were given Latin place names in historical references. As a large portion of the latter were only created during the Middle Ages, often based on scholarly etiology, this is not to be confused with a list of the actual names modern regions and settlements bore during the classical era.

Background[edit]

Until the Modern Era, Latin was the common language for scholarship and mapmaking. During the 19th and 20th centuries, German scholars in particular have made significant contributions to the study of historical place names, or Ortsnamenkunde. These studies have, in turn, contributed to the study of genealogy. For genealogists and historians of pre-Modern Europe, knowing alternate names of places is vital to extracting information from both public and private records. Even specialists in this field point out, however, that the information can be easily taken out of context, since there is a great deal of repetition of place names throughout Europe; reliance purely on apparent connections should therefore be tempered with valid historical methodology.

Caveats and notes[edit]

Latin place names are not always exclusive to one place — for example, there were several Roman cities whose names began with Colonia and then a more descriptive term. During the Middle Ages, these were often shortened to just Colonia. One of these, Colonia Agrippinensis, retains the name today in the form of Cologne.

Early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and spellings of the Latin names.

The modern canonical name is listed first. Sources are listed chronologically. In general, only the earliest source is shown for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources. Where the source differs in spelling, or has other alternatives, these are listed following the source. As an aid to searching, variants are spelled completely, and listed in most likely chronology.

Superscripts indicate:

  1. Latinized form of the Greek-derived name.
  2. Latinized form of the Asian-derived name via Greek.
  3. Altered Latinized form of the Greek-derived name.

Cities and towns in Austria[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Brigantium, Brigantia Bregenz
Carnuntum Bad Deutsch-Altenburg / Petronell
Chremisa Krems
Idunum Judenburg
Iuenna Jaunstein - (Podjuna), Völkermarkt
Iuvavum, Iuvavia, Salisburgium Salzburg
Lentia Linz
Noreia Neumarkt in der Steiermark
Oenipons Innsbruck
Ovilava Wels
Veldidena Wilten
Vindóbona, Vienna (Austriae) Vienna (Wien)
Virunum, Maria in Solio Maria Saal - (Gospa Sveta)

Cities and towns in Belgium[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Aldenarda [1] Oudenaarde (nl), Audenarde (fr)
Alostum [2] Aalst (nl), Alost (fr)
Anderlacum Anderlecht
Antverpia Antwerp, Antwerpen (nl), Anvers (fr)
Atuatuca Tungrorum Tongeren (nl), Tongres (fr)
Brugae Bruges (fr), Brugge (nl)
Bruxella, Bruxellae Brussels, Brussel (nl), Bruxelles (fr)
Cortoriacum, Cortracum [3] Kortrijk (nl), Courtrai (fr)
Damma, Dammum Damme (nl)
Furna [4] Veurne (nl)
Gandavum [5] Ghent, Gent (nl), Gand (fr)
Leodium Liège (fr), Luik (nl), Lüttich (de)
Lovanium Leuven (nl), Louvain (fr)
Orolaunum Arlon (fr), Aarlen (nl)
Rothnacum Ronse (nl), Renaix (fr)
Tamasiacum, Tamisiacum, Temsica Temse (nl), Tamise (fr)
Teneramonda [6] Dendermonde (nl)
Tornacum Tournai (fr), Doornik (nl)
Viroviacum, Virovino Wervik (nl), Wervicq (fr)

Cities and towns in the Czech Republic[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Alta Muta Vysoké Mýto
Beneschovium Benešov
Broda Bohemica Český Brod
Brunna Brno
Budovisium České Budějovice
Carnovia Krnov
Colonia Kolín
Eburum, Olomutium, Olomucium Olomouc
Luna Louny
Nova domus Jindřichův Hradec (Neuhaus)
Oppavia Opava
Ostravia Ostrava
Pilsenum, Pilsna Plzeň
Praga Prague (Praha)
Racona Rakovník
Vallis Gaudiorum Bruntál
Verona Beroun
Znoimium Znojmo

Cities and towns in Denmark[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Arus, Arhus Århus
Fredericia Fredericia
Hafnia Copenhagen (København)
Othonia Odense
Sora Sorø
Wibergis Viborg

Cities and towns in Estonia[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Pernavia Pärnu
Revalia Tallinn
Tharbata Tartu

Cities and towns in Finland[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Aboa Turku - (Åbo)
Arctopolis Pori - (Björneborg)
Arx Savonum Savonlinna - (Nyslott)
Arx Tavastiae, Tavasteburgum Hämeenlinna - (Tavastehus)
Borgoa Porvoo - (Borgå)
Brahestadium Raahe - (Brahestad)
Cajaneburgum Kajaani - (Kajana)
Carolina Vetus Kokkola - (Karleby)
Christinea Kristinestad - (Kristiinankaupunki)
Espo Espoo - (Esbo)
Fredericia Hamina - (Fredrikshamn)
Granivicus Jyväskylä
Helsinkium, Helsingia Helsinki - (Helsingfors)
Michaelia Mikkeli - (St. Michel)
Neo-Carolina Nykarleby - (Uusikaarlepyy)
Neostadium Uusikaupunki - (Nystad)
Ostia Carelorum Joensuu
Portus Mariae Mariehamn - (Maarianhamina)
Raumoa Rauma - (Raumo)
Sala Salo
Tammerforsia Tampere - (Tammerfors)
Tornea Tornio - (Torneå)
Uloa Oulu - (Uleåborg)
Vallis Gratiae Naantali - (Nådendal)
Vantania Vantaa - (Vanda)
Vasa Vaasa - (Vasa)

Cities and towns in France[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Adiacium Ajaccio
Alberti campus Champaubert
Andematunnum, Lugdunum, Lingones Langres
Aquae Sextiae Aix-en-Provence
Antissiodorum, Autesiodorum Auxerre
Arelate, Colonia Iulia Paterna Arelatensium Sextanorum Arles - (Arle)
Argentoratum Strasbourg
Arpajonum, Arpajoni castrum, Arpacona Arpajon, Paris
Atrebatum Arras, Pas-de-Calais
Augusta Argentorate Strasbourg
Augustobona Tricassium, Tricassae Troyes
Augustodurum, Bajocae, Bajocassium civitas Bayeux
Augustodunum Autun
Aurelianum Orléans
Autricum, civitas Carnutum, Carnutes Chartres
Avenio Avignon
Belna Beaune
Brestum, Brestia, Brivates Portis Brest
Briva Isara Pontoise
Burdigala Bordeaux
Catalaunum, Catelaunorum Châlons-sur-Marne
Catculliacum Saint-Denis, Paris
Condate Riedonum Rennes
Crisenaria Cressy
Cularo Grenoble
Damovilla Damville
Darioritum Vannes
Dinia, Diniensium civitas Digne-les-Bains, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Divio Dijon
Divodurum Metz
Durocortorum Reims
Flavia (GOL: Flaviacum) Saint-Germer-de-Fly, Oise
Flaviniacum (GOL: Flaviacum) Flavigny-sur-Ozerain, Côte-d'Or
Gesoriacum, Bononia Boulogne-sur-Mer
Glanum Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône
Lemonum, civitas Pictonum, Pictones Poitiers
Lugdunum, Colonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum Lyon
Lugdunum Clavatum Laon
Lugdunum Convenarum Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Lutetia Paris
Massilia Marseille
Medicinum Mézin, Lot-et-Garonne
Mediolanum Aulercorum Évreux
Mediolanum Santonum Saintes
Narbo Martius Narbonne, Aude
Nemausus Nîmes
Nicaea, Nicia Nice
Noviodunum Soissons
Noviomagus Lexoviorum (GOL: Lexovium) Lisieux, Calvados
Noviomagus Veromanduorum (GOL: Noviomium, Noviomense palatium, Noviomum, Novionum) Noyon, Oise
Novio Rito (GOL: Niortum, Novirogus, Nyrax) Niort, Deux-Sèvres
Portus Namnetum Nantes
Ramboletium Rambouillet
Rotomagus Rouen
Samarobriva Amiens
Sancti Audoeni fanum, villa aut domus Saint-Ouen, Paris
Spinetum, Spinogelum, Spinoilum, Espinolum Épinay-sur-Orge, Paris
Tolosa Toulouse
Tullum Leucorum Toul
Caesarodunum, Augusta Turonum, Metropolis civitas Turonum, Turonica civitas, Turones, T(h)oronus Tours
Verodunum Verdun - Wirten
Vesontio Besançon
Vienna Allobrogium Vienne, Isére
Viennavicus Vienne-en-Val, Loiret
Vierium Vihiers, Maine-et-Loire

Cities and towns in Germany[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
(Colonia Claudia) Ara Agrippinensium Cologne (Köln), North Rhine-Westphalia
Aqua Villae Badenweiler
Aquisgrana, Aquis Granum, Aquae Grani, Aquensis urbs, Granis aquae Aachen, Aix-la-Chapelle (fr), North Rhine-Westphalia
Antunnacum Andernach, Rhineland-Palatinate
Arae Flaviae Rottweil
Asopus Aspe
Assindia Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia
Augusta Vindelicorum Augsburg
Augusta Treverorum Trier
Aurelia Aquensi Baden-Baden
Badena civitas Baden
Batavis, Castra Batavorum, Castra Batava Passau
Berolinum Berlin
Bonna Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia
Borbetomagus, Wormatia Worms
Brema Bremen
Brunsvicum Braunschweig - (Brunswick)
Cambodunum Kempten, North Rhine-Westphalia
Castra Regina, Ratisbona Regensburg
Castrum Novaesium Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia
Chemnitium, Chemnicium Chemnitz
Cignavia, Cignea, Cygnea, Cynavia Zwickau
Clivia Kleve, North Rhine-Westphalia
Colonia Agrippina, Colonia Agrippinensis Cologne (Köln), North Rhine-Westphalia
Colonia Ulpia Traiana, Vetera Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia
(Castellum apud) Confluentes Koblenz
Constantia Konstanz - (Constance)
Cruciniacum Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate
Dispargum Duisburg
Dresda Dresden
Emetha, Amuthon, Embda, Emda, Embden Emden, East Frisia
Erfordia, Erphesfurt Erfurt, Thuringia
Esilinga, Ezelinga, Ezzilinga Eßlingen
Francofortum ad Moenum Frankfurt am Main
Friburgum Brisgoviae Freiburg im Breisgau
Goettinga Göttingen
Gorlicium Görlitz, Saxony
Goslaria Goslar, Lower Saxony
Hale Suevice Schwäbisch Hall - Hall in Schwaben, Baden-Württemberg
Hamburgum, Hamburgium, Hammonia Hamburg
Hannovera Hanover - (Hannover)
Herbipolis Würzburg
Hildanus Hilden
Iuliacum Jülich, North Rhine-Westphalia
Lauriacum Lorch
Lindaugia, Lindavia Lindau
Lipsia Leipzig
Locoritum Lohr, Bavaria
Lubica (GOL: Lubicana, Lubeca, Lubecum, Lubacovia, Lybichi) Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein
Magdeburgum Magdeburg
Misnia (GOL: Misnensis marchia) Meissen, Saxony
Moguncia, Moguntia, Moguntiacum, Mogontiacum Mainz
Monachium, Monacum Munich (München)
Monasterium in Eifel Bad Münstereifel
Monasterium Westphaliae Münster
Norimberga Nuremberg (Nürnberg)
Northusia Nordhausen
Novaesium, Novensium Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia
Noviomagus Nemetum (GOL: Augusta Nemetum, Nemetis, Nemodona, Spira, Spiratia, Sphira, Spyrea) Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate
Noviomagus Trevirorum (NLU; GOL: Augusta Trevirorum, Treviris, Treberis) Neumagen-Dhron near Trier
Patavia, Castra Batava Passau
Ratisbona, Radaspona Regensburg, Bavaria
Rigomagus Remagen, North Rhine-Westphalia
Rostochium (Rhodopolis) Rostock
Sumelocenna Rottenburg am Neckar
Stutgardia, Stuogardia Stuttgart
Tremonia Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia
Tubinga Tübingen
Tulpiacum, Tolbiacum Zülpich, Tolbiac (fr), North Rhine-Westphalia
Vetera, Colonia Ulpia Traiana Xanten

Cities and towns in Hungary[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Ad Flexum Mosonmagyaróvár
Agria (Medieval Latin) Eger
Alba Regia Székesfehérvár
Alisca Szekszárd
Altinum Kölked
Annamatia Baracs
Aquincum Budapest (Óbuda)
Arrabona Győr
Brigetio Komárom / Szőny
Budapestum, Budapestinum, Buda Vetus (Medieval Latin) Budapest
Caesariana Baláca
Campona Budapest (Nagytétény)
Cirpi Dunabogdány
Civitas Archiepiscopalis Víziváros (today a part of Esztergom)
Contra-Aquincum Budapest (Pest)
Contra Constantiam Dunakeszi
Gorsium, Herculia Tác
Intercisa Dunaújváros
Lussonium Dunakömlőd
Matrica Százhalombatta
Mursella Mórichida
Partiscum Szeged
Quadrata Lébény
Sala Zalalövő
Savaria Szombathely
Scarbantia Sopron
Solva, Strigonium (Medieval Latin) Esztergom
Sopianae Pécs
Tricciana Ságvár
Valcum Fenékpuszta
Vetus Salina Adony
Ulcisia Castra Szentendre

Cities and towns in Ireland[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Eblana (2PG1;[1] HLU:[2] Kirkruel?;[3] GOL:[4] Dublana, Dublinum, Dublinia, Dublinium), Eblanda? Dublin

Cities and towns in Latvia[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Rugensis civitas Riga

Cities and towns in Moldova[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Grigoriopolis Grigoriopol
Tiraspolis Tiraspol

Cities and towns in Monaco[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Monaecum (GOL: Monoecum, Portus Herculis Monoeci) Monaco

Cities and towns in The Netherlands[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Ad Duodecimum unknown location
Albaniana Alphen aan den Rijn
Amivadum Amersfoort
Amstelodamum Amsterdam
Arenacum Arnhem
Blariacum Blerick
Carvium Herwen (De Bijland)
Carvo Kesteren
Caspingio unknown location
Castra Herculis Arnhem (Meinerswijk)
Ceuclum Cuijk
Coriovallum Heerlen
Daventria Deventer
Eindovia Eindhoven
Elenio Naaldwijk
Fectio Vechten
Flevum Velsen
Forum Hadriani Voorburg
Ganuentum (Colijnsplaat)
Grinnes Rossum
Horgana Hargen
Laurium, Laurum Woerden
Lefevanum Wijk bij Duurstede
Lugdunum, Lugdunum Batavorum Katwijk (Brittenburg)
Matilo Leiden (Roomburg)
Maunnaricium Maurik
Mosae Traiectum Maastricht
Municipium Aelium Cananefatum Voorburg
Nigrum Pullum Zwammerdam
Praetorium Agrippinae Katwijk (Valkenburg)
Ruraemunde Roermond
Sablones Venlo
Silva Ducis 's-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch)
Tablis unknown location
Traiectum Utrecht
Traiectum ad Mosam Maastricht
Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum (HLU; GOL: Batavodurum, Niumagum, Niwimagum, Neumaia) Nijmegen
Venlonum Venlo
Vienna (Nederlandia), Vigenna Vianen
Vadae Wageningen

Cities and towns in Norway[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Asloa Oslo
Berga Bergen

Cities and towns in Poland[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Bethania, Bithomia Bytom
Bilici-Biala, Bielici-Biala Bielsko-Biała
Bydgostia Bydgoszcz
Calisia Kalisz
Cervimontium, Mons Cervi (adj. cervimontanus, hirschbergensis) Jelenia Góra
Cracovia Kraków
Culmen Chełmno
Elbinga, Elbingus, Elbinca, Elbangum, Elbingense castrum Elbląg
Gedania, Gedanum, Dantiscum Gdańsk
Glivitium Gliwice
Ostrovia Ostrów Wielkopolski
Posnania, Poznania Poznań
Resovia Rzeszów
Sandomir Sandomierz
Siradia Sieradz
Stargardia Stargard Szczeciński
Sedinum, (Stettinum) Szczecin
Thorunium Toruń
Varsovia, Varsavia Warsaw (Warszawa)
Vratislavia, Wratislavia Wrocław

Cities and towns in Russia[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Archangelopolis (GOL: S. Michaeli Archangeli fanum, Michaelopolis) Archangelsk
Asovia (GOL: Assovium; HLU: Tanais) Azov
Astrachanum Astrachan
Belogradum Belgorod
Caluga (HLU: Coluga) Kaluga
Casanum (GOL: Kazanum) Kazan
Catharinoburgum[5] Ekaterinburg
Columna Kolomna
Demitriovia Dmitrov
Iaroslavia (GOL: Jereslavia) Yaroslavl
Iuliania Ulianovsk
Moscua, Mosqua, Moscovia [7] (HLU: Moscha) Moscow
Novogardia Inferior Nizhny Novgorod
Novogardia Magna Veliky Novgorod
Orenburgum [8] Orenburg
Permia Perm
Petropolis, Petroburgum (GOL: St. Petri fanum) Saint Petersburg
Pscovia, Plescovia Pskov
Regiomontium (GOL: Regiomontum, Regalis, Regius) Kaliningrad - Königsberg
Resania [9] (GOL: Rhezania; HLU: Rezana) Ryazan
Rostovia Rostov
Saratovia (HLU: Soratovia) Saratov
Smolenscum (GOL: Smolska) Smolensk
Stauropolis Stavropol
Susdalia (HLU: Susdala) Suzdal
Toropetia Toropets
Tueria (GOL: Tuera, Twera) Tver
Ustiuga Veliky Ustyug
Volodimiria Vladimir
Vologda (HLU: Volochda) Vologda
Viatcia, Venetica Kirov - Vyatka
Viburga, Viburgum, Viburgum Careliorum (GOL: Viburgus) Vyborg

Cities and towns in Slovakia[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Cassovia Košice
Castrum Novum Nové Zámky
Bartfa Bardejov
Forum Dominarum Bátovce
Semnichia Banská Štiavnica
Celemantia Iža (Izsa)
Cismarcinum, Forum Caseorum Kežmarok
Comaromium Komárno
Crempnichia Kremnica
Leuchovia Levoča
Prividia Prievidza
Iglovia, Nova Villa Spišská Nová Ves
Suburbium, Villa Sub Castro Spišské Vlachy
Lublovia Stará Ľubovňa
Divinium Devín
Villa Theutonicalis Poprad
Eperiessinum, Fragopolis Prešov
Gerulata Rusovce, Bratislava
Laugaricio Trenčín
Tyrnavia Trnava
Neosolium Banská Bystrica
Posonium, Wratisslaburgium Bratislava
Veterosolium, Vetusolium, Solium Zvolen

Cities and towns in Sweden[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Amalia Åmål
Arosia Västerås
Boërosia Borås
Calmaria Kalmar
Caroli Corona Karlskrona
Christinae portus Kristinehamn
Christiania Kristianstad
Cimbrorum portus Simrishamn
Clara Vallis Ljusdal
Copinga Köping
Coronia Landskrona
Dalecarlius Dalälven
Delisboa Delsbo
Eckesioea, Ecksium Eksjö
Encopia Enköping
Falcopia Falköping
Gevalia Gävle
Gothia Gothenburg (Göteborg)
Halmostadium Halmstad
Hiovia Hjo
Holmia, Stockholmia Stockholm
Hudvicovaldum Hudiksvall
Iuncopia Jönköping
Lagaholmia Laholm (older Swedish name: Lagaholm)
Lidcopia Lidköping
Lincopia Linköping
Lindesberga, Linda Lindesberg
Lula Luleå
Lunda Lund
Malmögia Malmö
Medicorum villa Medevibrunn
Nicopia Nyköping
Norcopia Norrköping
Orebrogia Örebro
Oresundae Öresund
Pax Mariae Mariefred
Pitovia Piteå
Schedina Skövde
Stenbrovium Stenbro
Stocholmia, Holmia Stockholm
Sudercopia Söderköping
Telga Södertälje (older Swedish name: Tälje)
Upsala Uppsala
Uraniburgum Uranienborg
Urbs Mariae Mariestad
Vadstenium Vadstena
Vemmaria, Wemmaria Vimmerby
Vexionia Växjö
Visbia Visby
Visingsburgum, Wisingsburgum Visingsborg
Ystadium, Istadium, Ustadium Ystad

Cities and towns in Switzerland[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Acaunum, Agaunum Saint-Maurice, Valais
Ad Fines Pfyn, Thurgau
Aquae Helveticae Baden, Aargau
Arbor Felix Arbon, Thurgau
Augusta Raurica Kaiseraugst / Augst
Aventicum Avenches, Vaud
Basilia, Basilea Basel
Berna Bern
Brienzola Brienz, Bern
Brunntrudum, Bruntraut Porrentruy, Pruntrut (de), Jura
Centum Prata Kempraten, Jona and Rapperswil, St. Gallen
Curia Chur, Graubünden
Eburodunum Yverdon-les-Bains, Vaud
Esquinia Écône
Ezelinga, Esselinga Esseling, Zürich
Genava Geneva
Irgenhausen Castrum Irgenhausen, Zürich
Lousonna Lausanne, Vaud
Morgiis Morges
Noviodunum (Colonia Iulia Equestris) Nyon, Vaud
Octodurum Martigny, Valais
Ponczirrum Baltschieder, Valais
Solodurum/Salodurum Solothurn
Suitia Schwyz
Tugium Zug
Turicum Zürich
Urba Orbe, Vaud
Vibiscum Vevey, Vaud
Vindonissa Windisch, Aargau
Vitudurum Winterthur, Zürich

Cities and towns in Ukraine[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Alexandria Oleksandriya
Bialoquerca Bila Tserkva
Charcovia, Charkovia Kharkiv
Chiovia, Kiovia Kiev
Chersonium Kherson
Chersonesus Nordica Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi
Czernihovia Chernihiv
Eupatoria Eupatoria
Leopolis Lviv
Marinopolis Mariyampil
Melitopolis Melitopol
Novogardia Severiae Novhorod-Siverskyi
Ovidiopolis Ovidiopol
Pereaslavia Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
Sebastopolis, Chersonesus Taurica Sevastopol
Sympheropolis, Neapolis Scythica Simferopol
Ternopolis Ternopil
Theodosia Feodosiya
Theophania Feofaniya

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2PG1: Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus), Geographia; book "PG" chapter (that is, "2PG1" instead of the usual "II.1"). Ptolemy wrote in Greek, so names are transliterated back into Latin to reveal the original form
  2. ^ HLU: Hofmann, Johann Jacob (1635–1706): Lexicon Universale
  3. ^ '?' probably historical mistake
  4. ^ GOL: The standard reference to Latin placenames, with their modern equivalents, is Dr. J. G. Th. Grässe, Orbis Latinus: Lexikon lateinischer geographischer Namen des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit (1861), an exhaustive work of meticulous German scholarship that is available on-line in the second edition of 1909. To use it, one must understand German names of countries, as they were in 1909. The original was re-edited and expanded in a multi-volume edition in 1972.
  5. ^ Lexicum nominum geographicorum latinorum

Sources[edit]

In order of likely publication:

  • PNH: Pliny (Gaius Plinius Secundus), Naturalis Historia; book "PNH" chapter (that is, "37PNH81" instead of the usual "N.H.xxxvii.81").
  • PG: Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus), Geographia; book "PG" chapter (that is, "2PG3" instead of the usual "II.3"). Ptolemy wrote in Greek, so names are transliterated back into Latin to reveal the original form.


External links[edit]