List of Latin words with English derivatives

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This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).

Ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. In this article, both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. See also Latin spelling and pronunciation.

Nouns and adjectives[edit]

The citation form for nouns (the form normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the Latin nominative singular, but that typically does not exhibit the root form from which English nouns are generally derived.

Latin nouns and adjectives
A–M
Citation form Declining stem Meaning English derivatives
abdomen abdomin- abdomen, abdominal, intraabdominal
accipiter accipitr- hawk Accipiter, accipitrine
acer acer- maple aceric
ācer acr- sharp acrid, acridine, acridity, acrimonious, acrimony, acritude, acrity, acrolein, eager, vinegar
acerbus acerb- bitter acerbic, acerbity, exacerbate, exacerbation
acervus acerv- heap acerval, acervate, acervation, acervative, acervose, Acervulinacea, acervuline, acervulus, coacervate, coacervation
acervulus acervul-
acētum acēt- vinegar acetabulum, acetate, acetic, acetone, triacetate
acinus acin- berry acinaceous, acinar, acinarious, aciniform, acinose, acinous, acinus, interacinous
acus acer- chaff acerose
acus acū- needle acuity, aculeate, aculeolate, aculeus, acumen, acuminate, acupuncture, acusector, acutance, acute, acutifoliate, acutilingual, acutilobate, aiguille, eglantine, peracute, subacute
acicula acicul-
acula acul-
adeps adip- fat adipocere, adipose
aedes aed- building aedicule, aedile, cavaedium, edification, edifice
aedicula aedicul-
aemulus aemul-, im- emulate, emulation, emulator, emulous, image, imagination, imaginative, imagine, imitable, imitate, imitation, inimitable
aequus aequ-, -iqu- even, level adequacy, adequate, disequilibrium, equable, equal, equality, equanimity, equant, equation, equative, equator, equatorial, equitable, equity, equivalence, equivalent, inadequacy, inadequate, inequality, iniquity
aes aer- ore aeruginous, aerugite, aerugo, aim, disesteem, eruginous, esteem, estimable, estimate, inestimable
aestas aest- summer aestival, aestivate, aestivation, estivate, estivator
aestus aestu- estuarial, estuarine, estuary
aetās aet- age coetaneity, coetaneous
aevum aev- age, eon age, coeternal, coeval, coevality, eternal, eterne, eviternal, grandevity, grandevous, longevity, longevous, mediaeval, nonage, premediaeval, primaeval
ager agr-, -egr- field agrarian, agrestal, agricultural, agriculture, nonagrarian, nonagricultural, peragration, peregrine, peregrinus, pilgrim, pilgrimage
agrellus agrell-
ala al- wing aileron, aisle, alar, alate, aliferous, aliform, aligerous
alacer alacr- quick alacrity, allegresse, allegretto, allegro
albus alb- dull white alb, alba, albarium, albedo, albino, albite, album, albumen, albumin, aubade
alga alg- seaweed algae, algal, algicidal, algicide
alius ali- other abalienate, alias, alibi, alien, alienate, alienation, inalienable, nonalien
alter alter- other adulterant, adulterate, adulteration, adulterine, adulterous, adultery, alter, alterability, alterable, alterant, alteration, alterative, inalterable
alternus altern- altern, alternant, alternate, alternation, alternative, alternator, bialternant
alveus alve- alveolar, alveolus, interalveolar, postalveolar
alveolus alveol-
amārus amar- bitter amarelle, amaretti, amaretto, amarine, amaritude, amaro
ambō amb- both ambient, ambiguous
amoenus amoen- amenity
amplus ampl- ample ample, ampliate, ampliation, amplification, amplitude
ancūla ancūl- ancillary
ancilla ancill-
anguis angu- snake Anguidae, anguiform, anguilliform, anguine, anguineous
anguiculus anguicul-
angulus angul- corner angular, angularity, angulose, biangular, biangulate, equiangular, equiangularity, multangular, multiangular, nonrectangular, octangle, octangular, quadrangle, quadrangular, quinquangular, rectangle, rectangular, semiangle, semiangular, septangle, septangular, sexangle, sexangular, triangle, triangular, triangularity, triangulation
angellus angell-
anima anim- breath, life, soul anima, animal, animate, animation, animato, animator, exanimate, inanimate, reanimate
animus anim- mind, anger animose, animosity, animus, multanimous, nonunanimous, unanimity, unanimous
annus ann-, -enn- year annals, annates, anniversary, annual, annuity, biannual, biennial, bimillennial, centennial, millennial, millennium, perennate, perennial, semiannual, superannuate
ānser ānser- goose Anser, anserine
antenna antenn- antenna, antennal
ānus an- ring anal, annelid, Annelida, annular, annulate, annulation, annulus, anus, biannulate, exannulate, semiannular
ānulus anul-
ānellus anell-
aqua aqu- water akvavit, aqua vitae, aquaculture, aquamarine, aquarelle, aquarium, Aquarius, aquatic, aquatile, aqueduct, aqueous, aquifer, aquiferous, aquiform, gouache, semiaquatic
aquila aquil- eagle Aquila, aquiline
arbor arbor- tree arboreal, arboreality, arborescent, arboretum, arbuscle, arbuscular
arcus arc- bow arc, arciform, arco, arcuate
arduus ardu- steep arduous
argentum argent- silver argent, argentate, argenteous, argentiferous, Argentina, argentite
arma arm- arms (weapons) armada, armadillo, armament, armature, armiferous, armiger, armistice, armor, armorial, armory, army, disarm, disarmament, rearm
armus arm- shoulder armill, armillary
armilla armill-
ars art-
-ert-
art, skill artifact, artifice, artificial, artificiality, artisan, artisanal, artisanality, inert, inertia, inertial, noninert, noninertial
artūs art- joint article, articular, articulate, articulation, articulator, articulatory, biarticular, biarticulate, coarticulation, inarticulate, interarticular, multiarticular, multiarticulate, quinquarticular, triarticulate
articulus articul-
as ass-
-uss-
ace, decussate
asinus asin- donkey asinine, Asinus, easel
asellus asell-
asper asper- rough exasperate, exasperation
astus ast- astute
audāx audāc- brave, bold audacious, audacity
auris aur- ear aural, auricle, auricular, auriculate, auriform, auscultation, biauricular, biauriculate, binaural, circumaural, scout
auricula auricul-
aurum aur- gold aurate, aureate, aureole, auriferous, aurous
avena aven- oats Avena, avenary, avener
avis avi- bird aucupation, auspice, Aves, avian, aviary, aviation, aviator, aviatrix, avicide, Avicula, aviculture
avicula avicul-
avunculus avuncul- uncle, mother's brother avuncular, avunculate, avunculicide, avunculocal, uncle
axis axi- axle axial, axiality, axifugal, axile, biaxial, biaxiality, multiaxial, triaxial, triaxiality, uniaxial
baca bac- berry baccate, bacciferous, bacciform, baccivorous
bacula bacul-
baculum bacul- staff bacillary, bacilliform, bacillus, baculiform
bacillum bacill-
barba barb- beard
barbula barbul-
beatus beat- blessed beatification, Beatitudes
bellum bell- war antebellum, bellic, bellicose, bellicosity, belligerence, belligerent, debellatio, imbellic, rebel, rebellion, revel, revelment, revelry
bellus bell- pretty embellish, embellishment
bene ben- good benediction, benedictional, benedictory, benefaction, benefactive, benefactor, benefactrix, benefic, benefice, beneficence, beneficent, benefit, benign, benignity
bestia besti- animal beast, bestial, bestiary
bini bin- two each binary, binate, combination, combinatorial, combine, recombinant
bonus
melior
optimus
bon-
• melior-
• optim-
good
• better
• best
bonbon, bonify, bonitary, bonus, debonair
• ameliorate, amelioration, meliority
• optimal, optimate, optimum, suboptimal
bōs bov- cow, ox bovine, bovinic acid
botulus botul- sausage botulin, boudin
botellus botell-
bracchium brac- arm, support embrace, braces, bracelet
brevis brev- brief, short abbreviate, abbreviation, breve, brevet, breviary, brevity, brief, debrief
bucca bucc- cheek, mouth, cavity buccal, buccinator muscle, buckle, debouch, debuccalization
buccula buccul-
bulbus bulb- bulbous bulb, bulbar, bulbose, bulbous, bulbule
bulbulus bulbul-
bulla bull- bubble, flask ebullient, ebullism
bursa burs- pouch, purse bourse, bursa, bursar, bursary, disbursal, disburse, disbursement
butyrum butyr- butter butyric
caballus caball- horse caballero, cavalcade, cavalier, cavalry, chevalier, chivalry
calx calc-
-culc-
heel inculcate
calx calc- limestone, pebble calciform, calcite, calcium, calculus, calculation
camera camer- vault bicameral, camera
campus camp- field camp, campaign, camping, campus, champion
candela candel- candle candela, candelabra, candelabrum, chandelier, chandler, chandlery
canis can- dog canary, canicule, canid, canine, Canis Major
capanna capann- cabana, cabin
caper capr- goat capric, Capricorn, caprine
capillus capill- hair capillaries, capilliform
capsa caps- box, case capsicum, capsular, capsule, case, chassis, encapsulation, intracapsular
capsella capsell-
capsula capsul-
caput capit-, -cipit- head cad, caddie, cadet, cape, capital, capitulate, capo, capodecina, caporegime, captain, cattle, caudillo, chapter, chaptrel, chattel, chef, chief, chieftain, decapitation, per capita, precipice, precipitation, precipitous, recapitulate, sous-chef, triceps, tricipital
capitellum capitell-
capitulum capitul-
carbo carbon- coal carbon, Carboniferous
carcer carcer- jail incarceration
cardo cardin- hinge cardinal
caro carn- flesh carnage, carnal, carnary, carnation, carneous, carnival, carnivore, carnose, carnosity, charcuterie, charnel, discarnate, incarnate, incarnation, reincarnate, reincarnation
casa cas- house casino
caseus case- cheese caseic, casein
castus cast-, -cest- pure caste, castigate, chaste, chasten, chastity, incest
catena caten- chain catenary, catenative, concatenation
cauda caud-, cod- tail caudal, coda
caulis caul-, col- stalk, stem caulescent, caulicle, cauliflorous, cauliflory, cauliform, cauline
cauliculus caulicul-
causa caus-, -cus- accusative, causality, causative
cavus cav- hollow caval, cave, cavity, concave, excavation, excavator
celeber celebr- famous celebration, celebrity
celer celer- quick accelerant, acceleration, accelerator, celerity
centeni centen- hundred each centenary
centesimus centesim- hundredth centesimal, centesimation
centum cent- hundred cent, centennial, centurial, centurion, century
cera cer- wax ceraceous, cereous, ceresin
certus cert- certain certificate, certiorari, certitude, decertification
cervīx cervīc- neck cervical, cervix
cervus cerv- deer cervid, Cervidae, cervine
ceterus ceter- other et cetera
cilium cili- eyelash cilia, supercilious
cinis ciner- ashes cinereous, cinerin, incinerator
cippus cipp- cep
circus circ- circle circular, circus
cirrus cirr- curl, tentacle cirrus
citer
• citerior
• citimus
citr-
• citerior-
• citim-
on this side citerior
cīvis cīv- citizen civil, civilian, civility
clarus clar- clear clarify, clarity, declaration, declarative, declaratory, declare
clavis clav- key claves, clavicle, clavier, enclave, exclave
clāvicula clāvicul-
clemens clement- mild clemency, clement, inclemency, inclement
codex codic- code, codex, codical, codicil
codicillus codicill-
collis coll- hill colliculus
collum coll- neck collar
color color- color bicolor, Colorado, coloration, coloratura, concolorous, decolor, discolor, discoloration, multicolor, tricolor, unicolor, versicolor
colum col- strainer colander, percolate
cor cord- heart accord, concordance, concordat, cordate, cordial, cordiform, core, courage, discord, discordant, obcordate, record
corbis corb- basket corb, corf
corium cori- coriaceous, excoriate
cornū corn- horn bicorn, Capricorn, cornea, corniform, cornucopia, unicorn
corona coron- crown corona, coronation, coroniform
corpus corpor- body corporal, corporation, corporeal, corps, corpse, corpulent, corpuscle, corpuscular, incorporation, incorporeal
corpusculum corpuscul-
cortex cortic- bark, rind corticosteroid
coruscus corusc- coruscant, coruscate, coruscation
corvus corv- raven corbel, corvine
costa cost- rib accost, coast, coastal, costal
coxa cox- hip coxal
crapula crapul- crapulence, crapulent
cras cras- tomorrow procrastinate, procrastination, procrastinator
crassus crass- thick crass, crassitude
cratis crat- crate, grate, graticulation, graticule, grill, grillade, grillage, grille
craticula craticul-
creta cret- chalk cretaceous
cribrum cribr- sieve cribble, cribellum, cribrate, cribriform
crimen [note 1] crimin- criminal, criminality, criminate, incriminate, recriminate, recrimination
crīnis crīn- hair crinel, crinigerous, crinite, crinoline, crinose, crinosity
crispus crisp- curled crape, crepe, crêpe, crisp, crispate, crispation
crista crist- crest cristate
crus crur- leg, shank bicrural, crural, equicrural
crusta crust- crouton, crust, crustacean, crustaceous, crustal, crustific, duricrust, incrust, incrustation
crux cruc- cross crucial, cruciate, crucifer, cruciferous, crucifix, crucifixion, cruciform, crucify, crucigerous, crusade, cruzeiro, discruciate, excruciate
cucullus cucull- hood cowl, cucullate
cuculus cucul- cuckoo cuculiform
culcita culcit- quilt
culex culic- gnat Culex, culiciform, culicifuge, culicine, Culicivora
culina culin- kitchen culinarian, culinary, kiln
culpa culp- blame, fault culpable, culprit, exculpate, exculpatory, inculpable, inculpate, inculpatory, mea culpa
culter - colter, coulter, cultellus, cutlass
cultellus cultell-
cūlus cul- culet, recoil
cumulus cumul- accumulate, accumulation, accumulator, cumulate, cumulative, cumulativity, cumuliform, cumulose, cumulous, cumulus
cūnae cūn- cradle cunabula, incunable, incunabulum
cuneus cune- wedge coign, coin, cuneate, cuneiform, cuneus, encoignure, precuneus, quoin, sconcheon
cūpa cūp- cooper, cooperage, cup, cupel, cupellation, cupola, cupule
cūpella cūpell-
cūpula cūpul-
cura cur- care accuracy, accurate, assecure, assurance, assure, curable, curate, curative, curator, cure, curettage, curette, curio, curiosity, curious, ensure, inaccurate, incurable, insecure, insecurity, insurability, insurable, insurance, insure, pococurante, proctor, proctorage, procurable, procuracy, procuration, procurator, procure, procurement, proxy, reassurance, reassure, reinsurance, reinsure, scour, scourage, secure, security, sinecural, sinecure, sure, surety
currus curr- chariot corral, curule
curtus curt- shortened curt, curtail, curtate, decurt
curvus curv- bent curb, curvate, curvation, curvature, curve, curviform, curvilinear, curvity, incurvate, incurvature, incurve, recurvate, recurve, recurvous
cuspis cuspid- tip bicuspid, bicuspidate, cusp, quadricuspid, tricuspid
custos custod- custodial, custodian, custody, noncustodial
cutis cut- hide, skin cutaneous, cuticle, cuticolor, cuticular, cutin, cutis, cutisector, subcutaneous
cuticula cuticul-
damnum damn-
-demn-
harm condemn, condemnation, damage, damnation, damnific, damnify, indemnification, indemnify, indemnity
decem decem- ten December, decemfid, decempedal, decemvirate, decemviri, decennial, decennium, decurion, decurionate, decury
decimus decim- tenth decimal, decimate, decimation, dime
decus decor- decor, décor, decorament, decorate, decoration, decorative, decorator, decorous, decorum, redecorate
deni den- ten each denar, denarian, denarius, denary, denier, dinar, dinero, dinheiro
dens dent- tooth bident, bidental, dental, dentate, denticity, denticle, denticulate, dentiferous, dentiform, dentifrice, dentil, dentin, dentinal, dentition, denture, indent, indentation, indenture, interdental, intradental, multidentate, quadridentate, trident, tridentate
denticulus denticul-
densus dens- thick condensable, condensate, condensation, condense, dense, density, nondense
deter
dēterior
dēterrimus
deter-
• deterior-
• deterrim-

• worse
• worst

• deterior, deteriorate, deterioration
deus de- god deicidal, deicide, deific, deification, deiform, deity
dexter
• dexterior
• dextimus
dextr-
• dexterior-
• dextim-
right ambidextrous, dexterity, dexterous, dextral, dextrality, dextrin, dextrorse, dextrose

diēs diē- day adjourn, adjournment, aggiornamento, antemeridian, circadian, dial, diary, diurnal, diurnality, infradian, jornada, journal, journey, meridian, meridional, nundinal, per diem, postmeridian, quotidian, semidiurnal, sojourn, transmeridional, triduan, triduum, ultradian
digitus digit- finger, toe bidigitate, digit, digital, digitate, digitiform, digitigrade, multidigit, multidigitate
dignus dign- worthy condign, deign, dignify, dignitarial, dignitary, dignity, disdain, indign, indignance, indignant, indignation, indignity
dirus dir- dire
discipulus discipul- student disciple, disciplinarian, disciplinary, discipline, interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinarity
divus div- god divination, divinatory, divine, divinity
dominus domin- lord beldam/beldame, codomain, codominance, codominant, condominium, dam, dame, damsel, demesne, demoiselle, domain, dominance, dominant, dominate, domination, dominative, dominator, dominatrix, domine, domineer, dominicide, dominion, dominium, domino, duenna, madam, madame, mademoiselle, madonna, predominance, predominant, predominate, semidominance, subdominant, superdominant
domus dom- house domal, dome, domestic, domesticate, domestication, domesticity, domestique, domicile, domiciliary, major-domo, semidome
dōnum dōn- gift condonation, condone, donation, donative, donator, donatory, pardon, pardonable
dorsum dors- back disendorse, dorsal, dorsum, dossier, endorse, endorsee, endorsement, indorse, indorsement, reredos
dos dot- dowry dotal, dotation
drappus drapp- drab, drape, drapery
dulcis dulc- sweet billet-doux, dolce, dolcetto, douce, doux, dulcet, dulcian, dulcify, dulcimer, edulcorant, edulcorate, subdulcid
duo du- two deuce, doubt, dual, duality, dubiety, dubious, duet, duo, duplex, duumvirate, duumviri, nonduality
duodecim duodec- twelve dozen, duodecillion
duodecimus duodec- twelfth duodecimal
duodeni duoden- twelve each duodenal, duodenary, duodenum
duplus dupl- twofold dobla, double, doubloon, doublure, duplation, duple, redouble, semidouble
durus dur- hard dour, durability, durable, duration, durative, duress, durum, endurable, endurance, endurant, endure, indurate, induration, nondurable, obdurate, obduration, perdurable, perdurance, perdure, subdural
ebrius ebri- inebriant, inebriate, inebriation, inebriety, sober, sobriety
ensis ens- sword ensiferous, ensiform
equus equ- horse equestrian, equine
eruca eruc- caterpillar eruciform
exterus
exterior
extremus
exter-
• exterior-
• extrem-

• outer
• outmost
extern, external, externality
exterior
• extreme, extremity, extremum
faba fab- bean faba bean, fabaceous
faber fabr- fabric, fabrication, fabricator
faenum faen- hay fennel, sainfoin
falx falc- sickle defalcation, falcate, falciform
fames fam- hunger famine, famish
fanum fan- temple profane, profanity
fascis fasc- bundle fasces, fascicle, fascicular, fasciculation, fascine
fasciculus fascicul-
fatuus fatu- foolish, useless fatuous, infatuation
fauces fauc-, -foc- throat faucal, suffocate, suffocation
febris febr- fever antefebrile, febrifacient, febriferous, febrifuge, febrile
fēlēs fēl- cat felid, Felinae, feline
fēlix fēlic- happy felicitations, felicitous, felicity
fēmina fēmin- woman effeminacy, effeminate, feminine, femininity
femur femor- thigh femoral, femur
fenestra fenestr- window defenestration
ferox feroc- fierce ferocious, ferocity
ferrum ferr- iron ferrate, ferrite, ferreous, ferrous, ferruginous, ferrugo
ferus fer- wild feral, ferine, ferocious, ferocity, fierce
feudum feud- fee feudal
fibra fibr- defibrillate, defibrillator, fiber, fibre, fibriform, fibril, fibrillar, fibrillate, fibrin, fibrous
fibrilla fibrill-
ficus fic- fig Ficus
fides fid- faith, trust affiance, affiant, affidavit, confide, confidence, confident, confidential, confidentiality, defiance, defiant, defy, diffide, diffidence, diffident, feal, fealty, fiancé, fiancée, fidelity, fiducial, fiduciary, infidel, infidelity, perfidy, prefident
fīlia
fīlius
fīli-
fīli-
daughter
son
affiliate, affiliation, affiliative, disaffiliate, filial
filum fil- thread bifilar, defilade, defile, enfilade, filament, filiferous, filiform, profile
fīnis fīn- end, limit affinal, affine, affinity, confine, confinement, confines, confinity, define, definiendum, definiens, definite, definition, definitive, equifinality, final, finality, finance, fine, finesse, finis, finish, finite, finito, finitude, indefinite, infinite, infinitesimal, infinitive, infinitude, infinity, prefinite, redefine, redefinition, refine, refinement, refinery, superfine, transfinite
firmus firm- firm affirm, affirmation, affirmative, confirm, confirmation, disaffirm, farm, fermata, firmament, infirm, infirmary, infirmity, obfirm, reaffirm, reaffirmation
fiscus fisc- basket confiscate, confiscation, confiscatory, fiscal
fistula fistul- pipe, tube fistula, fistulate
flaccus flacc- flabby flaccid, flaccidity
flamma flamm- flame flamage, flambé, flambeau, flamboyant, inflame, inflammable, inflammation, inflammatory, oriflamme
flavus flav- yellow flavin, flavivirus, flavonoid
floccus flocc- tuft deflocculant, deflocculation, floc, floccose, flocculant, floccular, flocculation, floccule, flocculent, flock
flocculus floccul-
flōs flōr- flower deflorate, flora, floral, floret, floriculture, florid, floriferous, floriform, florist, floruit, flourish, inflorescence
focus foc- hearth bifocal, focal, focus, fusillade, trifocal
foedus foeder- confederation, federal
folium foli- leaf bifoliate, defoliant, foil, folate, foliage, foliation, foliature, folic, foliferous, folio, foliolate, foliole, foliose, foliosity, folivore, multifoliate, portfolio, quatrefoil, trefoil, trifoliate, unifoliate
foliolum foliol-
follis foll- bellows follicle, follicular
fons font- fountain, spring font, fontal, fontanelle
foris for- outdoors foreclose, foreign, forest, forum
fōrma fōrm- form, shape biform, biformity, conform, conformable, conformance, conformant, conformity, counterreformation, deform, deformable, deformation, deformity, disinformation, formable, formal, formality, formant, format, formation, formative, formula, formulary, formulation, inform, informal, informality, informant, information, informative, irreformable, malformation, nonconformance, perform, performance, preform, preformat, reform, reformable, reformat, reformation, reformatory, transform, transformable, transformation, transformational, transformative, triform, triformity, uniform, uniformity
formella formell-
formula formul-
formica formic- ant formic
formus form- warm
fornix fornic- vault fornication, forniciform
fors fort- luck fortuitous, fortuity, fortunate, fortune
fortis fort- strong comfort, effort, force, forcible, forte, fortification, fortify, fortis, fortissimo, fortitude
fovea fove- shallow round depression fovea, foveal, foveole
frāter frātr- brother fraternal, fraternity, fratricide, friar, friary
fraus fraud- fraud defraud, fraudulent
frequens frequent- often frequency, frequentative
frōns front- forehead affront, confront, confrontation, confrontational, front, frontage, frontal, frontier, frontispiece, quadrifrons
frustum frust- piece frustule, frustulent, frustum
frūx frūg- fruit frugal, frugality
fulvus fulv- fulvic acid, fulvid, fulvous
fūmus fūm- smoke fumacious, fumade, fumage, fumarine, fumarole, fumatorium, fume, fumigation, perfume
fundus fund- bottom found, foundation, fund, fundament, fundamental, profound, profundity
fungus fung- mushroom fungal, fungicide, fungiform
funis fun- rope funicular
fur fur- thief furuncle
furca furc- fork bifurcation, furcate, furcula
furtum furt- theft furtive
fuscus fusc- dark fuscation, fuscine, fuscous, obfuscation
fūsus fus- spindle fusee, fuselage, fusilli, fuze
gelu gel- congeal, congelation, gel, gelati, gelatin, gelatinous, gelation, gelée, gelid, gelignite, jelly
gens gent- gens, gentile, gentility, gentle
genu genu- knee geniculate, geniculation, geniculum, genuflection
geniculum genicul-
genus gener- birth, offspring, creation congener, congeneric, degenerate, degenerative, engender, gender, general, generality, generate, generation, generational, generative, generator, generatrix, generic, generosity, generous, genre, genuine, genus, intergenerational, intergeneric, regenerate, regenerative, subgenre, subgenus, transgender
germen germin- germ, germinal, germinate, germination, regerminate
glacies glaci- ice glacial, glaciation, glacier, glacious, glacis
gladius gladi- sword gladiator, gladiolus
gluten glutin- glue agglutination, glutelin, gluten, glutinosity, glutinous
gracilis gracil- gracile, gracility
gradus grad- step aggradation, aggrade, antegrade, degradable, degradation, degrade, degree, gradation, grade, gradient, gradine, gradual, graduality, graduand, graduate, graduation, progradation, prograde, retrogradation, retrograde
grandis grand- aggrandisement, grandee, grandeur, grandiloquent, grandiose, grandiosity
granum gran- grain degranulation, granary, granite, granular, granularity, granule
granulum granul-
gratus grat- congratulations, congratulatory, disgrace, grace, graciosity, gracious, gratify, gratification, gratis, gratitude, gratuitous, gratuity, gratulant, gratulate, gratulation, gratulatory
gravis grav- heavy aggravate, aggravation, degravation, gravamen, grave, gravid, gravida, gravidity, gravitas, gravitate, gravitation, gravitational, gravity, grief, grieve, grievance, grievant, grievous
grex greg- flock, herd aggregate, aggregation, aggregator, congregate, congregation, congregational, desegregate, desegregation, disaggregate, egregious, gregarious, intercongregational, segregate, segregation
grossus gross- thick engross, engrossment, gross
gula gul- gullet, gully
gurges gurgit- demigorge, disgorge, disgorgement, engorge, engorgement, gorge, gorget, regurgitate, regurgitation
gustus gust- taste disgust, gustatory, gusto
gutta gutt- drop gout, guttifer, guttiform
guttur guttur- throat guttural
hamus ham- hook hamate, hamiform
harena haren- sand arena, arenaceous, arenite, arenose
hasta hast- spear hasta, hastate, hastile
herba herb- grass herbaceous, herbal, herbarium, herbicide, herbivore, herbivorous
heres hered- heredity, inherit, inheritance
hibernus hibern- hibernacle, hibernal
hiems hiem- winter hiemal
hircus hirc- goat hircine
homō homin- man (human being) homage, hombre, homicide, hominid, homuncular, homunculus, human, humane, humanity, inhuman, inhumane, inhumanity
homunculus homuncul-
honor honor- honor honorable, honorarium, honorary, honorific
hortus hort- garden cohort, court, courteous, courtesan, courtesy, courtier, curtain, horticulture
hostis host- enemy hostile, hostility
humus hum- ground exhumation, exhume, humate, humation, humic, humiliate, humility, inhumation, inhume
ignis ign- fire igneous, ignite, ignition
imbecillus imbecill- weak imbecile, imbecility
inanis inan- inane, inanity
inferus
inferior
infimus
infer-
• inferior-
• infim-

• lower
• lowest

• inferior, inferiority
inguen inguin- groin inguinal
īnsula īnsul- island insular, insulate, insulation, peninsula, peninsular
interus
interior
intimus
inter-
• interior-
• intim-


entrail, intern, internal, internality
interior
intima, intimacy, intimate, intimation
iocus
jocus
joc- jest jocular, jocularity, joke
joculus jocul-
iūdex
jūdex [note 2]
iūdic- judge adjudicate, adjudication, adjudicative, adjudicator, adjudicatory, extrajudicial, injudicious, judge, judgement, judgment, judgmental, judicable, judicative, judicator, judicatory, judicature, judicial, judiciary, judicious, nonjudicial, prejudge, prejudgment, prejudice, prejudicial
iugum
jugum
iug- yoke conjugacy, conjugal, conjugate, conjugation, jugal, jugate, jugular
iūs iūr- law, right abjuration, abjure, conjure, de jure, jurat, juration, juratory, jurisdiction, jury, justice
iuvenis
juvenis
juven- young junior, juniorate, juniority, juvenile, juvenilia, juvenility, rejuvenate
jejunus jejun- jejunal, jejune, jejunity, jejunum
labia labi- lip labial, labium
labor labor- toil collaboration, collaborative, collaborator, elaboration, laboratory, laborious
labrum labr- lip labrose, labrum
lac lact- milk lactate, lactic, lactose
lacrima lacrim- tear lachrymose
lacus lac- lacuna, lacustrine, lagoon, lake
lapis lapid- stone dilapidate, lapidary
lassus lass- lassitude
latex latic- liquid laticifer
latus lat- broad, wide latifoliate, latitude
latus later- side collateral, lateral
laus laud- praise laud, laudable, Lauds
laxus lax- loose laxity, relax
lenis leni- gentle leniency, lenient, leniment, lenis, lenition, lenitive, lenitude, lenity
lens lent- lentil lens, lenticel, lenticular, lentiform
lentus lent- lentic, relent
leo leon- lion leonine
lepus lepor- hare leporid, leporine
levis lev- light (weight) levity, relieve
lēx lēg- law alleged, extralegal, illegal, legal, legality, legislation, legislator, privilege
liber liber- free illiberal, illiberality, liberal, liberality, liberate, liberation, liberator
liber libr- book librarian, library, libretto
libra libr- balance, scales deliberate, deliberation, deliberative, equilibrium, libration
lignum lign- wood ligneous, ligniform, lignin, lignite, lignose
limbus limb- edge limbate, limbic, limbo
limes limit- delimit, limes, limit, limitation
linea line- line align, collinear, collineation, linea, lineage, linear, linearity, multicollinearity
lingua lingu- tongue bilingual, lingua franca, linguiform, linguistics, multilingual
lira lir- furrow delirium
littera litter- letter alliteration, alliterative, biliteral, illiteracy, illiterate, literacy, literal, literary, literate, literature, obliterate, obliteration, transliteracy, transliteration, triliteral
locus loc- place accouchement, couch, dislocation, local, locality, locate, location, locative, translocate, translocation
loculus locul-
longus long- long elongate, longitude, oblong, prolong
lucrum lucr- lucrative, lucre
lumen [note 3] lumin- light enlumine, illuminate, illuminati, illumination, illumine, lumen, luminance, luminant, luminaria, luminary, luminescence, luminescent, luminiferous, luminosity, luminous, relumine
lūna lūn- Moon cislunar, lunar, lunate, lunatic, lunation, luniform, superlunary, translunar
lupus lup- wolf lupine
lutum lut- mud lutaceous, lutite
lux luc- light Lucifer, luciferous, lucifugal, translucency, translucent
luxus lux- luxuriant, luxurious, luxury
macula macul- spot immaculate, macula, macular, maculate, maculation, maculature, macule, maculose
magister magistr- master magisterial, magistrate
magnus
• māior
• maximus
magn-
• māior-
• maxim-
big, great
• greater
• greatest
magnate, magnitude
• majority, supermajority
• maxim, maximum
malleus malle- hammer malleability, malleable, mallet
malus
• peior
pessimus
mal-
• peior-
• pessim-
bad
• worse
• worst
dismal, malady, malevolence, malice, malignancy, malignant
• impair, impairment, pejoration, pejorative
pessimal
manus manu- hand mainour, maintain, manacle, manage, mandamus, mandate, maneuver, manicure, manifest, maniform, maniple, manipulation, manual, manufacture, manumit, manuscript
manicula manicul-
mare mar- sea marinade, marinate, marine, mariner, maritime, submarine, ultramarine
Mars marti- Mars martial, Martian
māter mātr- mother immaterial, material, materiality, maternal, maternity, matricide, matriculant, matriculate, matrilocal, matrimonial, matrimony, matrix, matron, matter
maturus matur- ripe immature, immaturity, maturant, maturate, maturation, mature, maturescent, maturity, premature
medius medi- middle antemeridian, dimidiate, dimidiation, immediacy, immediate, intermediary, intermediate, intermedio, intermezzo, mean, media, medial, median, mediant, mediation, mediator, mediatrix, mediety, medieval, mediocre, mediocrity, medium, meridian, mezzanine, postmeridian
mel mell- honey mellifluent
memor memor- mindful commemorate, commemoration, commemorative, immemorial, memoir, memorabilia, memorability, memorable, memorandum, memorial, memory, remember, remembrance, rememorate
menda mend- blemish emend, emendation
mendicus mendic- mendicant, mendicate, mendication, mendicity
mens ment- mind comment, commentary, dementia, mental, mentality
merus mer- pure mere
mēta met- goal mete
miles milit- soldier militant, military, militate, militia
mille mill- thousand mile, mileage, millennial, millennium, millipede, multimillion
mirus mir- admirable, admire, admiration, miracle, miraculous, mirative, mirativity
miraculum miracul-
miser miser- commiserate, commiseration, miser, miserable, misery
modus mod- accommodate, accommodation, bimodal, commode, commodity, demodulation, immodest, intermodal, modal, modality, mode, modern, modernity, modest, modesty, modicum, modification, modify, modular, modularity, modulate, modulation, modulator, module, modulo, modulus, multimodal, postmodern, postmodernity, ultramodern
modulus modul-
moles mol- mass bimolecular, demolition, mole, molecule
mollis moll- soft emollient, mollient, mollify, mollitude, mollusc, molluscicide, molluscivore, mollusk
mons mont- mountain cismontane, dismount, montage, montane, monticello, monticule, montiform, montigenous, mount, piedmont, submontane, surmount, tramontane, transmontane, ultramontanism
monticellus monticell-
monticulus monticul-
mora mor- delay demur, demure, demurrage, demurral, moratorium
morbus morb- sickness morbid, morbidity
mors mort- death immortal, immortality, mortal, mortality, mortician, rigor mortis
mortuus mort- dead mortgage, mortuary, morgue, postmortem
mos mor- custom immoral, immorality, moral, morality, mores
mucus muci- mucic, muciferous, muciform, mucilage, mucivore
mulier muli- woman muliebrity, mulierose
multus
plus
plurimus
mult-
plur-
• plurim-
many
• more
• most
multiplicity, multitude
• plurality, pluriform
mulus mul- mule mular
mundus mund- world extramundane, mondial, mondo, mundane, mundanity
murus mur- wall antemural, intramural, murage, mural
mus mur- mouse murine, muscular, muscularity, musculature
musculus muscul-
musca musc- fly Musca, muscarine, Muscidae, musciform, mosquito
muscus musc- moss
mutilus mutil- mutilate, mutilation, mutilous
mutus mut- mute
Citation form Declining stem Meaning English derivatives
N–V
nāpus nāp- turnip neep
nāsus nās- nose intranasal, nasal, nasalance, nasality, nonnasal
nāvis nāv- ship antenave, naval, nave, navicular, navigable, navigate, navy, nonnavigable
nāvicula navicul-
nebula nebul- nebula, nebular, nebulous
necesse [note 4] necess- necessary, necessitarian, necessitate, necessitude, necessity, nonnecessity
nepōs nepōt- grandnephew, nephew, nepoticide
nervus nerv- innervate, nerval, nervate, nerve, nervose, nervosity, trinervate
neuter neutr- neither neutral, neutrality, nonneutrality
nīdor nīdor- nidor, nidorose
nīdus nīd- nest denidation, niche, nidicolous, nidificate, nidification, nidifugous, nidulant, nidulate
nidulus nidul-
niger nigr- black denigrate, denigration, denigrative, denigrator, negrita, nigrities, negrito, negritude, nigrescence, nigrescent, nigrine, nigritude
nihil nihil- nothing annihilate, annihilation, annihilator, nihil, nil
nodus nod- knot acnode, crunode, denouement, internodal, internode, nodal, node, nodose, nodosity, nodular, nodule, nodulose, tacnode
nodulus nodul-
nomen nomin- name agnomen, agnominal, agnomination, binomen, binominal, denomination, denominational, denominative, denominator, ignominious, ignominy, interdenominational, multidenominational, multinominal, nominal, nomination, nominative, nominator, nominee, nondenominational, noun, postnominal, praenomen, prenominal, pronominal, pronoun, redenomination, renown, surnominal, trinomen, trinominal
nonageni nonagen- ninety each nonagenarian, nonagenary
nonagesimus nonagesim- ninetieth nonagesimal
nōnus non- ninth nonary, None, noon
norma norm- carpenter's square abnormal, abnormality, denormal, enormity, enormous, nonnormal, nonnormative, norm, normal, normality, normative, seminorm, seminormal, subnormal
noster nostr- our nostrum
novem novem- nine November, novennial
novemdecim novemdec- nineteen novemdecillion
noveni noven- nine each Novena, novenary
novus nov- new innovation, innovative, innovator, novel, novella, novelty, novice, novitiate, renovate, renovation, renovative, supernova
novellus novell-
nox noct- night equinoctial, equinox, nocturn, nocturnal, nocturnality, nocturne, notturno, trinoctial
nūbēs nub- cloud enubilate, enubilous, nuance, nubilose, nubilous, obnubilate
nudus nud- naked denudation, denude, nude, nudity
nugae nug- nugacious, nugacity, nugatory
numerus numer- number denumerable, enumerable, enumerate, enumeration, enumerative, enumerator, equinumerant, equinumerous, innumerable, innumeracy, innumerate, innumerous, nonenumerative, numerable, numeracy, numeral, numerary, numerate, numeration, numerative, numerator, numerical, numero, numerosity, numerous, renumerate, supernumerary
nux nuc- nut enucleate, enucleation, extranuclear, internuclear, intranuclear, nucament, nucellus, nucifer, nuciferine, nuciferous, nuciform, Nucifraga, nucivorous, nuclear, nucleate, nucleation, nucleus, nucleolar, nucleolate, nucleolus
nucula nucul-
octāvus octav- eighth octaval, octave, octavo
octō oct- eight octal, octangular, octavalent, octennial, October, octofid, octuple, octuplet, octuplicate
octōdecim octodecim- eighteen octodecillion, octodecimo
octogeni octogen- eighty each octogenarian, octogenary
octōgēsimus octogesim- eightieth octogesimal
octōni octon- eight each octonary, octonion
oculus ocul- eye binocular, circumocular, inoculation, intraocular, inveigle, ocular, oculus
ocellus ocell-
odium odi- hatred annoy, ennui, odious, odium
odor odor- deodorant, malodor, malodorous, odoriferous, odorous
oleum ole- oil oleose, oleosity, oleum
omen omin- abominable, abomination, omen, ominous
omnis omn- all omnibenevolence, omniform, omnipotence, omnipresence, omniscience, omnivore
onus oner- burden, load exonerate, exoneration, onerous, onus
opacus opac- shady opacity, opaque
ops op- copious, inopulent, opulence, opulent
opus oper- work chef-d'oeuvre, cooperate, cooperation, cooperative, hors d'oeuvre, inoperable, interoperability, interoperable, inure, inurement, manoeuvre, oeuvre, opera, operability, operable, operand, operant, operate, operation, operational, operative, operator, operose, operosity, opus, opuscule, postoperative, preoperative
opusculum opuscul-
orbis orb- ring deorbit, orb, orbicle, orbicular, orbiculate, orbit, orbital, postorbital, suborbital, superorbital
orbiculus orbicul-
ordo ordin- order coordinal, coordinate, coordination, disorder, extraordinary, incoordinate, incoordination, infraorder, inordinate, inordination, insubordinate, insubordination, ordain, ordainment, order, ordinal, ordinance, ordinary, ordinate, ordination, ordinative, ordnance, ornery, parvorder, preordain, preorder, preordination, quasiorder, reordain, reorder, reordination, suborder, subordinate, subordination, superordain, superorder, superordinate, superordination
os or- mouth adorable, adoral, adoration, adore, adosculation, exorable, inexorable, inosculate, inosculation, interosculate, intraoral, oral, oration, orator, oratorio, oratory, orifice, oscitate, oscitation, osculant, oscular, oscularity, osculate, osculation, osculator, osculatory, osculatrix, oscule, osculum
osculum oscul-
os oss- bone exossation, interosseous, osseous, ossicle, ossicular, ossiferous, ossification, ossifrage, ossify, ossuary
ossiculum ossicul-
ostium osti- ostiary, ostiolar, ostiole, ostium
ostiolum ostiol-
otium oti- leisure negotiable, negotiate, negotiation, nonnegotiable, otiose, otiosity, renegotiate, renegotiation
ovis ov- sheep ovile, ovine
ovicula ovicul-
ovum ov- egg oval, ovarian, ovary, ovicapsule, ovicidal, ovicide, oviduct, oviferous, oviform, oviposition, ovipositor, ovolo, ovular, ovulation, ovulatory, ovule, ovum, pluriovulate
ovulum ovul-
pagus pag- pagan, paisano, peasant, peasantry
pala pal- spade palette
palatum palat- roof of the mouth impalatable, palatability, palatable, palatal, palate
palla pall- circumpallial, pall, pallial, palliate, palliative, pallium
pālus pāl- stake impale, impalement, pale, palisade, pole, travail
pălus palūd- marsh paludose
paluster palustr- palustral, palustrine
panis pan- bread accompaniment, accompany, appanage, companion, company, empanada, impanate, pannier
pannus pann- empanel, impanel, pane, panel, repanel, subpanel
panus pan- panicle
panicula panicul-
papaver papaver- poppy papaveraceous, papaverine
papilio papilion- butterfly pavilion
par par- equal comparative, comparator, disparage, disparagement, disparity, impar, imparity, nonpareil, pair, par, parile, parity, peer, peerage, subpar, umpire
parcus parc- parcity
paries pariet- wall biparietal, parietal
pars part-
-pert-
piece apart, apartment, apportion, apportionment, bipartient, bipartisan, bipartite, bipartition, champerty, compart, compartition, compartment, compartmental, coparcenary, coparcener, counterpart, counterparty, depart, department, departmental, departure, dispart, disproportionate, equipartition, ex parte, impart, impartial, intraparty, jeopardous, jeopardy, multipartite, nonpartisan, parcel, parcenary, parcener, parse, partial, partiality, participate, participle, particle, particular, particularity, particulate, partisan, partita, partite, partition, partitive, partner, party, passel, portion, proportion, proportional, proportionality, purpart, purparty, quadripartite, reapportion, reapportionment, repartee, repartition, superparticular, tripartient, tripartite, unipartite
particella particell-
particula particul-
parvus
minor
minimus
parv-
• min-
• minim-
small
• less
• least
parvifoliate, parvity, parvovirus
• administer, administration, administrative, administrator, administratrix, maladminister, minister, ministerial, ministrant, ministrative, ministry, minor, minority, minstrel, minstrelsy, minus, minuscule, semiminor
minim, minimal, minimum
passer passer- sparrow passerine
passus pass- compass, encompass, pace, passage, passant, passement, passementerie, passenger
pater patr- father Jupiter, paternal, paternity, patrician, patrilineal, patrilocal, patrilocality, patrimonial, patrimony, patron, patronage, perpetrate, repatriation
paucus pauc- few paucal, pauciloquent, paucity, poco
pauper pauper- impoverish, impoverishment, pauperage, poor, poverty
pausa paus-
pos-
compose, composure, counterpose, counterproposal, disposable, disposal, dispose, disposure, exposal, expose, exposé, exposure, imposable, impose, imposure, interposal, interpose, multipurpose, opposable, opposal, oppose, posada, pose, poseur, poseuse, predispose, proposal, propose, purpose, reimpose, reposal, repose, repurpose, supposal, suppose, transposable, transposal, transpose
pavo pavon- peacock pavone, pavonine
pax pac- peace appease, appeasement, copayment, pacific, pacify, pay, payment, repay, repayment
pectus pector- chest pectoral
pecu pecu- impecunious, peculiar, pecuniary
penna penn- feather pen, pennage, pennate, penniform, pennigerous, pennon
perca perc- perch Perca, Percidae, perciform, percoid, Percoidea
persona person- person impersonate, impersonation, impersonator, person, personable, personage, personal, personality, personification, subpersonality, transpersonal
pēs ped- foot biped, bipedal, expedient, expedite, expedition, impeach, impeachment, impediment, inexpedient, oppidum, pawn, pedal, pedestal, pedestrian, pedicel, pedicle, pedicure, pediform, pedigerous, pedigree, peon, peonage, piedfort, piedmont, pioneer, quadruped, quadrupedal, tripedal
pediculus pedicul-
pestis pest- pest pesticide, pestiferous, pestilence
pila pil- ball pellet, pelota, peloton, pill
pilula pilul-
pileus pile- cap Pilea, pileate, pileum, pileus
pilus pil- hair depilation, depilatory, epilation, piliferous, piliform, pilose, pilosity
pinna pinn- feather panache, pinnacle, pinnal, pinnate, pinniform, pinniped
pinnaculum pinnacul-
pinus pin- pine, pineal
pirus pir- pear piriform
piscis pisc- fish pisces, pisciform, piscine, piscivore
pius pi- dutiful piety, pious, pittance, pity
pix pic- Picea, picene, piceous, pitch
planca planc- plank planch
planta plant- sole implant, implantable, implantation, plant, plantar, plantation, plantigrade, supplant, supplantation, transplant, transplantation
planus plan- flat applanate, applanation, complanar, complanate, coplanar, coplanarity, esplanade, explain, explanation, explanatory, piano, pianoforte, plain, plaintext, planar, planary, planate, planation, plane
platea plate- place displace, displacement, emplacement, piazza, placement, plaza, replace, replacement, transplace
plebs pleb- common people plebian, plebiscite, plebs
plenus plen- full plenary, plenipotent, plenipotentiary, plenish, plenishment, plenitude, plenitudinous, plenum
pluma plum- feather plumage, plume, plumose, plumosity
plumbum plumb- lead plumb, plumbaginous, plumbago, plumbeous
pluvia pluvi- rain compluvium, impluvium, plover, pluvial, pluviosity
poculum pocul- cup poculent, poculiform
pollen pollin- pollen, pollination, polliniferous
pollex pollic- thumb pollex, pollical, pollicate, prepollex
pondus ponder- weight ponderosa, ponderous, pound, preponderance, preponderate
pons pont- bridge pons, pontage, pontic, pontile, pontine, pontonier, pontoon, punt
porca, porcus porc- pig porcine, porcupine, pork
porta port- gate anteporch, anteport, anteportico, porch, portal, portcullis, portico, portière
portula portul-
portus port- importune, importunity, opportune, opportunity, port
posterus
posterior
postremus
poster-
• posterior-
• postrem-


posterity
a posteriori, posterior, posteriority
postremogeniture
potis pot- compossible, idempotence, idempotent, impossible, impotence, impotency, impotent, nilpotence, nilpotent, posse, possible, potence, potency, potent, potentate, potential, potentiality, puissance, puissant, subpotency, superpotency, superpotential, unipotent
prandium prandi- lunch prandial, preprandial
pravus prav- crooked depravity
pretium preti- price appreciate, appreciation, depreciation, precious
prex prec- prayer preces
prior
prīmus
prior-
• prīm-
former
• first
a priori, prior, priority, priory, subprior
prima facie, primacy, primal, primary, primate, prime, primer, primine, primitive, primogeniture, primordial, primrose, Primula, subprimal, subprime
privus priv- own privacy, private, privy
probrum probr- opprobrium
probus prob- approbation, approval, approve, improbability, improbable, probability, probable, proband, probate, probation, probationary, probative, probity, reprobate, reproval
prope
propior
proximus
prop-
• propior-
• proxim-
near, nigh
• nearer
• nearest
propinquity, propitiation, propitiatory, propitious
• approach, rapprochement, reproach
proximal, proximate, proximity
proprius propri- proper appropriate, appropriation, impropriety, inappropriate, propriety
prunus prun- plum prune
publicus public- public, publican, publication, publicity
puer puer- boy puerile, puerility, puerperant
pulcher pulchr- beautiful pulchritude, pulchritudinous
pullus pull- poultry, pullet, pullorum, pullulate, pullulation, repullulate, repullulation
pullulus pullul-
pulmo pulmon- lung extrapulmonary, intrapulmonary, pulmonary
pulvinus pulvin- cushion, pillow pulvilli, pulvinar, pulvinated, pulvinus
pulvis pulver- dust, powder pulverize, pulverulence, pulverulent
pumex pumic- pumice stone pumicate, pumice, pumiceous, pumiciform, pumicite
pupa pup- doll pupae, pupal, puparium, pupation, pupil
purus pur- pure depurate, depuration, impure, impurity, pure, purification, purity
pus pur- pus purulence, purulent
quadrageni quadragen- forty each quadragenarian, quadragenary
quadragesimus quadragesim- fortieth quadragesimal
quadrini quadrin- four each quadrin
quadrum quadr- square biquadratic, conquadrate, quadrate, quadratic, quadrature, quadrille, quarry, squadron, square
quartus quart- fourth inquartation, interquartile, quadroon, quart, quartal, quartan, quartary, quarter, quartet, quartic, quartile, quartine, quarto
quaterni quatern- four each biquaternion, quaternary, quaternate, quaternion, quaternity
quattuor quadr- four quadrangle, quadrennial, quadriceps, quadrifarious, quadrifid, quadrifolium, quadrifrons, quadrilateral, quadrilingual, quadriliteral, quadrillion, quadrinational, quadrinodal, quadrinomial, quadrinominal, quadripara, quadrireme, quadrisection, quadrivalent, quadrivium, quadruped, quadruple, quadruplet, quadruplex, quadruplicate, quatrain, quatrefoil
quies quiet- rest acquiesce, acquiescence, acquiescent, inquietude, quiescence, quiescent, quiet, quietude
quindecim quindecim- fifteen quindecimal, quindecimvir, quinzaine, quinze
quini quin- five each biquinary, quinarius, quinary, quinate
quintus quint- fifth biquintile, quint, quintal, quintan, quintessence, quintic, quintile, quintipara
radius radi- ray, spoke circumradius, irradiate, radial, radian, radiance, radiant, radiation, radiator, radio
radix radic- root eradicate, radical, radicand, radicant, radicate, radicel, radicle, radicular, radicule, radiculose, radish
radicula radicul-
ramus ram- branch ramate, ramification, ramiform, ramose, ramosity
remus rem- oar bireme, quadrireme, quinquereme, remiform, trireme
rēn ren- kidney adrenal, renal, reniform
res re- thing irrealis, real, reality, surreal
rete ret- net reticle, reticular, reticulate, reticulation, reticule, retiform, retina
reticulum reticul-
rēx rēg- king interregnum, regal, regalia, regality, regency, regent, regious, reguline, reign, royal, viceroy
regulus regul-
ripa rip- bank riparian
ritus rit- rite ritual
rivus riv- brook derivation, derivative, derive, rival, rivality, rivalry, rivose, rivulet
rosa ros- rose rosaceous, rosary, rosulate
rosula rosul-
rostrum rostr- beak, prow rostral, rostrate, rostriform, rostrum
rostrulum rostrul-
rota rot- wheel circumrotation, contrarotation, rondeau, rondel, rondo, rotary, rotation, rotational, rotelle, rotifer, Rotifera, rotiferous, rotiform, rotula, rotund, rotunda, rotundifolious, rotundity, roulette, round, roundel, rowel
rotella rotell-
rotula rotul-
ruber rubr- red erubescent, rubric
rūdis rūd- rude erudite, erudition, rudiment, rudimentary
ruga rug- wrinkle corrugate, corrugation, erugate, rugose
rumen rumin- rumen, rumenic acid, ruminal, ruminant, ruminate, rumination, ruminator
rūs rūr- countryside, farm rural, rustic
sacer sacr-
-secr-
sacred consecrate, consecration, deconsecration, desecration, desecrator, execrable, execrate, execration, inexecrable, obsecrate, reconsecrate, sacrament, sacrifice, sacrificial, sacrilege, sacrilegious, sacristy, sacrosanct, saint, sanctimony, sanction, Sanctus, Tersanctus
saeculum saecul- nonsecular, secular, secularity
saepēs saep- hedge septal, septarium, septate, septiform, septifragal, septulate, septulum, septum, transept, transeptal, uniseptate
saeta, sēta saet- bristle searce, seta, setaceous, setal, setaria, setiferous, setiform, setigerous, setireme, setose
saetula saetul-
sagina sagin- saginate, sagination
sal sal- salt desalinate, desalination, salami, salary, saline, salinity, salsa, sauce, saucisson, sausage
sanguis sanguin- blood consanguineous, sanguinaceous, sanguinary, sanguine
sanus san- sound insane, insanity, sanatorium, sane, sanity
saxum sax- rock saxatile, saxicavous, saxicoline, saxifrage, saxifragous
semen semin- seed disseminate, insemination, semen, seminal, seminar, seminary
semis semi- half semiannual, semicolon, semiconductor, semiconscious, seminatural
senex sen- old man senate, senator, senile, senility, senior, seniority
seni sen- six each senary
septem sept- seven septangular, septemvir, septennial, septilateral, septinsular, septireme, septivalent
septeni septen- seven each septenary
septimus septim- seventh septimal, septime
sex sex- six sexangular, sexavalent, sexennial, sexireme, sexradiate, sextain
sexageni sexagen- sixty each sexagenarian, sexagenary
sexagesimus sexagesim- sixtieth sexagesimal
sextus sext- sixth bissextile, sestet, sestina, Sext, sextan, sextans, sextant, sextary, sextic, sextile
sibilus sibil- hiss silibance, sibilant, sibilation
siccus sicc- dry desiccant, desiccation, siccation, siccative, siccific
sidus sider- constellation consider, considerable, considerate, consideration, desiderate, desideration, desiderative, desideratum, desideria, desire, inconsiderable, inconsiderate, sidereal
signum sign- mark, sign assign, assignation, assignment, consign, consignment, design, designation, ensign, insignia, insignificance, insignificant, reassign, reassignment, resign, resignation, sign, signal, signatory, signature, significance, significant, signum
silva silv- forest silvan, silviculture
similis simil- like assimilate, assimilation, similar, similarity, simile, similitude, verisimilitude
sincerus sincer- insincere, insincerity, sincere, sincerity
singulus singul- one each single, singularity, singulation, singulative
sinister sinistr- left sinister, sinistral
sinus sinu- curve insinuation, sine, sinus, sinuose, sinuosity, sinuous
sol sol- sun circumsolar, extrasolar, insolate, insolation, solar, solarium, soliform, soliscence, solstice, subsolar
solidus solid- nonsolid, quasisolid, semisolid, sol, solder, soldier, soldiery, soldo, solid, solidarity, solidary, solidification, solidity, solidus, sou
solium soli- seat soil, soilure, subsoil
solum, solea sol- bottom insole, sole (fish), sole (foot), solifluxion
solus sol- alone, only desolate, desolation, desolatory, saudade, sole, soliloquy, solitaire, solitary, solitude, solitudinarian, solitudinous, solivagous, solo, sullen
somnium somni- dream somnial
somnus somn- sleep insomnia, somnifacient, somniferous, somnific, somniloquy, somnolent
sonus son- sound absonant, ambisonic, assonance, assonant, assonate, consonance, consonant, consonous, dissonance, dissonant, inconsonance, inconsonant, infrasonic, infrasound, resonance, resonant, resonate, resound, sonance, sonant, sonnet, sonorant, sonority, soun, sound, subsonic, supersonic, triconsonantal, ultrasonic, ultrasound
sopor sopor- deep sleep sopor, soporific
soror soror- sister cousin, sororal, sororate, sororicide, sorority
sors sort- lot consort, consortial, consortium, sort, sortition, subsort
sorticula sorticul-
spatium spati- space interspace, interspatial, space, spatial, spatiate, subspace
spēs spēr- hope despair, desperado, desperate, desperation, esperance, prosper, prosperity, prosperous
spica spic- spica, spicate, spicose, spicosity, spicular, spiculate, spicule, spiculiform
spiculum spicul-
spina spin- thorn infraspinate, infraspinatus, interspinal, spinal, spine, spinel, spinescent, spiniferous, spiniform, spinose, spinous
spūma spūm- foam despumate, despumation, spoom, spumante, spume
squāma squām- scale desquamate, desquamation, desquamative, squamate, Squamella, squamiform, squamosal, squamose, squamous, squamule, squamulose, subsquamosal, supersquamosal
squāmula squāmul-
stagnum stagn- stagnancy, stagnant, stagnate, stagnation
stella stell- star circumstellar, constellation, interstellar, stellar, stellate, stellation, substellar
sterilis steril- nonsterile, sterile, sterility
stilus stil- stiletto
stimulus stimul- costimulation, costimulatory, stimulate, stimulation, stimulative, stimulator, stimulus
stipes stipit- etiolate, etiolation, exstipulate, instipulate, stipe, stipel, stipellate, stipes, stipitate, stipitiform, stipular, stipule, stubble
stipella stipell-
stipula stipul-
stips stip- stipend
stiria stiri- drop distill, distilland, distillate, distillation, distillery, stillatitious, stillatory
stilla still-
stirps stirp- extirpate, extirpation
strēnuus strenu- strenuity, strenuous
stria stri- furrow extrastriate, striate, striation, striatum, striature
strix strig- owl strigine, Strix
stuppa stupp- tow stupeous, stupose
stuprum stupr- constuprate, constupration
suavis suav- sweet assuage, assuagement, suave, suaviloquent, suaviloquy, suavity
sucus
succus
succ- juice exsuccous, succulence, succulent
sulcus sulc- furrow bisulcate, bisulcous, sulcal, sulcate, sulcation, sulciform, sulcus, trisulcate
superus
superior
supremus, summus
super-
• superior-
• suprem-, sum-
over
• higher
• highest
insuperable, superable
superior, superiority
• consummate, sum, summa, summation, summit, summitry, summity, supreme, supremity, supremum
supīnus supin- resupinate, resupination, resupine, supinate, supination, supinator, supine, supinity
sūra sur- calf sural
surdus surd- deaf absurd, absurdity, surd
sūrus sur- branch surculate, surculose
sūrculus surcul-
sūs su- sow suid, Suidae
susurrus susurr- susurrant, susurrate, susurration, susurrous
taberna tabern- tabernacle, tabernacular, tavern
tabernaculum tabernacul-
tabes tab- tabefaction, tabes, tabescence, tabescent, tabid
tabula tabul- board tabellion, table, tablet, tabular, tabulate, tabulation, tabulator
tabella tabell-
taedium taedi- tediosity, tedium
tardus tard- slow retard, retardation, tardy
templum templ- temple templar, template
tempus tempor- time contemporaneous, contemporary, extemporaneous, tempest, tempo, temporal, temporaneous, temporary
tenuis tenu- thin attenuant, attenuate, attenuation, attenuator, extenuate, extenuation, tenuate, tenuifolious, tenuis, tenuity, tenuous
terminus termin- boundary coterminous, determinable, determinant, determinate, determination, determinative, determinator, determine, exterminate, extermination, indeterminable, indeterminate, interminable, terminal, terminate, termination, terminative, terminator
terni tern- three each tern, ternary, ternate, ternion
terra terr- earth, dry land atterration, circumterrestrial, extraterrestrial, terrace, terracotta, terrain, terrarium, terrestrial, territory, terroir
tertius terti- third sesterce, Terce, tertial, tertian, tertiary, tertiate
testis test- witness attest, attestable, attestation, attestator, contest, contestable, contestant, contestation, counter-protest, detest, detestable, detestation, intestacy, intestate, protest, Protestant, protestation, protestator, testacy, testament, testamentary, testate, testation, testator, testatrix, testicle, testimonial, testimony
titulus titul- title tilde, titular, titulary
totus tot- all, whole subtotal, total, totality
tres tri- three triangle, triceps, triennial, trillion, triolet, triquetrous, triradiate
tribus trib- contribute, contributor, contributory, tribe, tribunal, tribune, tributary, tribute
tricae tric- tricks extricate, extrication, intricacy, intricate, intrigue
trini trin- three each trinal, trinary, trine, trinity
tubus tub- tube intubation, tubal, tube, tubular
turba turb- disturbance, turbidity, turbine
tussis tuss- cough pertussis, tussive
ulcus ulcer- ulcer, ulcerate, ulceration, ulcerative
ulmus ulm- elm Ulmaceae, ulmaceous, ulmic
ulter
ulterior
ultimus
ultr-
• ulterior-
• ultim-

• farther
• farmost, farthest

• ulterior, ulteriority
• penultimate, ultima, ultimate, ultimatum, ultimogeniture
umbra umbr- shade, shadow adumbrate, adumbration, inumbrate, penumbra, umbrage, umbrageous, umbrella
umbella unbell-
uncia unci- twelfth inch, ounce, quincuncial, uncial
uncus unc- hook unciform, Uncinaria, uncinate, Uncinia
unda und- wave abound, abundance, abundant, inundate, redound, redundancy, redundant, superabound, superabundance, superabundant, surround, undulant, undulate, undulation, undulatory, undulose
undecim undecim- eleven undecimarticulate
undeni unden- eleven each undenary
unguis ungu- claw, hoof ungual, unguiferous, unguiform, ungular, ungulate
ungula ungul-
unus un- one coadunate, onion, unary, unate, uniform, uniformity, union, unique, unite, unity
urbs urb- city conurbation, interurban, suburb, suburban, urban, urbane
ursus urs- bear ursine, Ursus
vacuus vacu- empty vacuous, vacuum
vagus vag- wandering extravagant, vagile, vague
vallum vall- rampart circumvallate, circumvallation, contravallation, interval, vallar, vallate, vallation
valva valv- bivalve, valvate, valve
vanus van- empty, vain vanity
varius vari- varying bivariate, variable, variance, variant, variate, variation, variety, variform, various, vary
vas vas- vessel vasal, vase, vasiform
vastus vast- empty devastate, vastitude
velox veloc- quick, swift velocity
velum vel- sail, veil reveal, revelation, revelatory, velamen, velar, velate
vena ven- vein vein, venae cavae, venation, venose, venosity, venous, venular, venule, venulose
venula venul-
venter ventr- belly ventral, ventricle, ventriloquy
ventus vent- wind ventilation, ventilator, ventose, ventosity
venum ven- venal, venality
venus vener- desire venerable, venereal
verbum verb- word adverb, adverbial, proverb, proverbial, verbal, verbatim, verbiage, verbicide, verbid, verbose, verbosity
vermis verm- worm vermian, vermicelli, vermicular, vermiculate, vermiculation, vermicule, vermiculite, vermiculose, vermiculture, vermiform, vermifuge
vernus vern- spring vernal
vērus ver- true veracious, veracity, verify, veritable, verity
vespa vesp- wasp vespacide
vesper vesper- evening vespertine
vestigium vestig- trace, track investigate, vestige, vestigial
vestis vest- clothing transvestite, travesty, vest, vestment, vesture
vetus veter- old inveterate, inveteration, veteran
via vi- way bivial, bivious, bivium, convey, conveyance, convoy, deviance, deviant, deviation, devious, impervious, obviate, obvious, pervious, quadrivial, quadrivium, trivial, triviality, trivium, viaduct, vialis, viary
vicis vic- change vicarious, vicissitude
vicus vic- vicinal, vicinity
vigesimus vigesim- twentieth septemvigesimal, vigesimal
vilis vil- cheap, vile revile, vilification, vilify
vīlla vill- country house villa, village, villain
villus vill- velour, velvet
vinum vin- wine vignette, vine, viniculture, vinosity
vir vir- man (masculine) quadrumvirate, triumvirate, virago, virile, virility, virtue
virga virg- rod, twig virga, virgate, virgule
viscus viscer- internal organ eviscerate, visceral, viscus
vita vit- life viable, vital, vitality
vitium viti- vice, vicious, vitiate
vitrum vitr- glass vitreous, vitriol
viverra viverr- ferret viverrid, viverrine
vola vol- palm volar
vox voc- voice advocacy, advocate, avouch, avouchment, avow, avowal, convocation, invocation, provocation, revocation, vocal, vocation, vocative, vociferant, vociferous, vouch, vouchment, vouchsafe
vulgus vulg- crowd divulge, vulgar, vulgarity, vulgate
vulnus vulner- wound invulnerability, invulnerable, vulnerability, vulnerable, vulnerary, vulnerose
vulpēs vulp- fox vulpecular, vulpicide, vulpine
vulpēcula vulpēcul-
  1. ^ Contracted from cernimen
  2. ^ Contracted from jūs and dicō
  3. ^ Contracted from lucimen
  4. ^ Contracted from ne- and cedō

Verbs[edit]

In some Latin verbs, a preposition caused a vowel change in the root of the verb. For example, "capiō" prefixed with "in" becomes "incipio".

Latin verbs
Citation form Present stem Perfect stem Participial stem Meaning English derivatives
aceō ac- acu-  – be sour acescent, acid, acidity, peracid
acescō acesc- acu-  – become sour
agō
-igō
ag-
-ig-
ēg- āct- act, drive abaction, abactor, act, actant, actio, action, actionable, actionary, activate, activation, activator, active, activity, actor, actual, actuality, actuarial, actuary, actuate, actuation, actuator, actuose, agenda, agency, agent, agentive, agible, agile, agility, agitate, agitation, agitative, agitato, agitator, ambages, ambaginous, ambagious, ambiguity, ambiguous, assay, castigate, castigation, coact, coaction, coactive, coagency, coagent, coagment, coagmentation, coagulant, coagulate, coagulation, coagulum, cogency, cogent, cogitability, cogitable, cogitabund, cogitate, cogitation, cogitative, cogitator, compurgation, counteract, counteraction, counteragent, counterreaction, deactivate, deactivation, disambiguate, disambiguation, enact, enactment, enactor, entracte, essay, exact, examen, examine, excogitate, exigency, exigent, expurgate, fumigate, fumigation, inaction, inactive, indagate, indefatigable, inexact, interact, interaction, interactive, interagency, intransigent, litigate, mitigate, navigate, peract, precogitation, proactive, prodigality, prodigence, purgament, purgation, purgative, purgatory, purge, react, reaction, reactionary, reactive, reactor, reagent, redact, redaction, reenact, reenactment, reenactor, reexamine, retroact, retroaction, retroactive, subact, subaction, transact, transaction, transactional, transactivation, transactivator, variegate, variegation
agitō agit- agitav- agitat-
alō al-
-ol-
-ul-
alu- alit-
alt-
nourish adolescence, adolescent, adult, alible, aliment, alimental, alimentary, alimentation, alimonious, alimony, alma mater, altar, altiloquent, altissimo, altitude, altitudinal, alto, altricial, alumnus, coalesce, coalescence, coalescent, coalite, coalition, coalitional, contralto, exalt, exaltation
alescō alesc-
-olesc-
alit-
ambulō ambul- ambulav- ambulat- walk amble, ambulance, ambulatory, circumambulation, perambulate, preamble
amō am- amav- amat- like, love amateur, amatory, amigo, amorous, enamor, paramour
appello appell- appellav- appellat- call, address appeal, appellant, appellate, appellation
apō ap-
api-
epi-
ap- apt-
-ept-
fasten adapt, adaptable, adaptation, adaptative, apt, aptate, aptitude, aptitudinal, attitude, attitudinal, inept, ineptitude, maladaptation
aptō apt- aptav- aptat-
ardeō ard- ars- ars- be on fire ardent, ardor
areō ar-  –  – be dry arid, aridisols, aridity
arguō argu- argu- argut- argue, argument
audeō aud- aus-  – be bold, dare
audiō aud- audiv- audit- hear audibility, audible, audience, audient, audio, audit, audition, auditive, auditor, auditorium, auditory, inaudible
augeō aug- aux- auct- increase auction, augmentation, augmentative
aveō av-  –  – avarice, avid
bibō bib- bib- bibit- drink beverage, bibulous, imbibe, imbrue
cadō
-cidō
cad-
-cid-
cecid- cas- fall accident, accidental, cadaver, cadaverine, cadaverous, cadence, cadent, cadenza, caducous, cascade, case, casual, casualty, casuistry, chance, coincide, coincidence, coincidental, decadence, decadent, decay, deciduous, demicadence, escheat, escheatage, incident, incidental, recidivous, semelincident
caedō caed-
-cid-
cecid- caes-
-cis-
cut caesura, cement, cementum, chisel, circumcise, circumcision, concise, concision, decide, decision, decisive, deciso, excide, excise, excision, excisional, imprecise, imprecision, incise, incision, incisive, incisor, incisory, incisure, indecision, indecisive, precise, precision, scissors, succise, succision
caleō cal- calu-  – be warm caldarium, caldera, calefacient, calefaction, calefactive, calefactory, calenture, calescent, calid, calor, calore, calorie, calorifacient, calorific, caudle, cauldron, nonchalance, nonchalant, recalescence, scald
calescō calesc- calu-  –
canō can-
-cin-
cecin- cant-
-cent-
sing accent, accentual, accentuate, accentuation, canción, cant, cantabile, cantata, cantation, cantatory, cantatrice, canticle, canticum, cantiga, cantilena, cantion, canto, cantor, cantus, chanson, chansonnier, chant, chanteur, chanteuse, chanticleer, concent, descant, discant, enchant, enchantment, incantation, incantational, incentive, plainchant, precentor, recant, recantation, succentor
cantō cant- cantav- cantat-
cantitō cantit- cantitav- cantitat-
capiō
-cipiō
cap-
-cup-
cep-
-cip-
capt-
-cept-
take accept, acceptable, acceptance, acceptancy, acceptant, acceptation, accipient, anticipate, anticipation, anticipative, anticipatory, capability, capable, capacious, capacitance, capacitate, capacity, capistrate, capstan, captation, caption, captious, captivate, captivation, captive, captivity, captor, capture, case, catch, catchment, chase, conceit, conceivable, conceive, concept, conceptacle, conceptible, conception, conceptional, conceptive, conceptual, contraception, contraceptive, deceit, deceive, deception, deceptive, discept, disceptation, disceptator, emancipate, except, exceptant, exception, exceptional, exceptive, exceptor, excipient, exciple, excipulum, forceps, imperceptible, incapability, incapable, incapacious, incapacitant, incapacitate, incapacitation, incapacity, incept, inception, inceptive, inceptor, incipience, incipient, inconceivable, intercept, interception, interceptor, intussusception, participant, participate, participial, participle, perceive, percept, perceptible, perception, perceptive, percipience, percipient, precept, preception, preceptive, preceptor, preceptory, preceptress, precipient, prince, principal, principality, recapture, receipt, receive, recept, receptacle, receptible, reception, receptive, receptivity, receptor, receptory, recipe, recipience, recipient, recover, recovery, recuperate, susceptible, susception, susceptive, susceptivity, susceptor, suscipiency, suscipient
captō capt-
-cept-
captav- captat-
-ceptat-
careō car- caru- carit- lack charity, precarious
carpō
-cerpō
carp-
-cerp-
carps- carpt-
-cerpt-
pick, pluck carpe diem, decerp, decerpt, decerption, discerp, discerption, excerpt
cassō cass- cassav- cassat- cassate, cassation
caveō cav- cav- caut- beware caution, cautionary, caveat, precaution, precautionary
cēdō ced- cess- cess- yield, depart abscess, abscession, accede, access, accessible, accession, accessory, antecedaneous, antecede, antecedent, antecessor, cease, cessation, cessative, cessavit, cession, circumincession, concede, concession, concessionary, decease, decedent, decession, discede, discession, excedent, exceed, excess, excessive, inaccessible, incessable, incessant, intercede, intercession, nonrecessive, precede, precedent, precession, précis, predecease, predecessor, preprocess, preprocessor, procedural, procedure, proceed, process, procession, processionary, processive, processor, recede, recess, recession, recessionary, recessive, reprocess, retrocede, retrocession, retrocessive, secede, secession, succeed, success, succession, successive, successor
cessō cess- cessav- cessat-
cēlō
-culō
cēl-
-cul-
celav- celat-
-cult-
hide conceal, concealment, occult
cenō cen- cenav- cenat- dine cenation, cenatory
ceptō cept- ceptav- ceptat- discept, disceptation
cernō cern- crev- cret- separate, sift decern, decree, discern, discernible, discernment, discrete, excrement, excretion, recrement, secern, secernent, secretion
cieō ci- civ- cit- accite, citation, cite, concitation, concite, excitability, excitable, excitant, excitation, excitative, excite, excitement, incitable, incitant, incitation, incitative, incite, incitement, inexcitable, insouciance, insouciant, irresuscitable, recital, recitation, recitative, recite, resuscitate, resuscitation, solicit, solicitant, solicitation, solicitor, solicitous
citō cit- citav- citat-
cingō cing- cinx- cinct- encircle, gird cincture, succinct
clāmō clām- clāmāv- clāmāt- call acclaim, acclamation, clamor, declaim, declamation, declamatory, exclaim, exclamation, exclamatory, proclaim, proclamation, reclaim, reclamation
claudō
-clōdō
claud-
-clōd-
claus- claus-
-clōs-
close clause, claustral, claustrum, clausula, clausure, cloister, closet, closure, cloture, clusivity, conclude, concludent, conclusion, conclusive, conclusory, disclose, disclosure, disclude, disclusion, enclose, enclosure, exclude, exclusion, exclusionary, exclusive, exclusivity, exclusory, inclose, inclosure, include, inclusion, inclusionary, inclusive, inclusivity, inconclusive, malocclusion, nondisclosure, nonexclusive, occlude, occlusion, occlusive, preclude, preclusive, reclude, recluse, reclusion, reclusive, reclusory, seclude, seclusion, seclusive
clinō clin- clinav- clinat- lean declinable, declination, decline, disinclination, disincline, inclination, incline, recline
colō col-
cul-
colu- colt-
cult-
till acculturation, agriculture, apiculture, colonial, colony, counterculture, cult, cultivate, cultural, culture, incult, inculturation, multicultural, subculture
cōnor con- conat-  – try conation
coquō coqu- cox- coct- cook coctile, concoct, concoction, cook, cookery, cuisine, decoct, decoction, excoct, excoction, precocious
consulō consul- consulu- consult- consult consult, counsel
cremō crem- cremav- cremat- burn cremate, cremation, crematory, incremate
creō cre- creav- creat- make accretion, accrue, creant, create, creation, creative, creativity, creator, creature, crescendo, crescent, croissant, decrease, decrescence, decrescendo, decrescent, excrescent, increase, increscent, procreant, procreate, procreation, procreative, procreator, re-create, recruit
crescō cresc- crev- cret- grow
cubō cub- cubu- cubat- lie concubinage, incubate, incubator, incubous, incubus, succubine, succubous, succubus
-cumbō -cumb- -cubu- -cubit- lie incumbency, incumbent, recumbence, recumbent, succumb
cupiō cup- cupiv- cupit- desire cupidity
currō curr- cucurr- curs- run concur, concurrency, concurrent, corsair, courier, course, currency, current, curriculum, cursive, cursor, cursory, curule, decurrent, decursion, discourse, discurrent, discursion, discursive, discursory, discursus, excur, excurrent, excursion, excursive, excursus, extracurricular, incur, incurrent, incursion, incursive, occur, occurrence, occurrent, occursion, parcourse, recourse, recur, recurrent, recursion, recursive, succor, succursal
cursō curs- cursav- cursat-
dicō dic- dicav- dicat- dedicate, dedication, preach, predicate
dicō dic- dix- dict- say addict, addiction, addictive, contradict, contradiction, contradictive, contradictory, dictate, dictation, dictator, dictatorial, diction, dictionary, dictum, edict, indict, indictment, indite, inditement, predict, prediction, predictive, valediction, valedictorian, valedictory
dictō dict- dictav- dictat-
d- ded-
-did-
dat-
-dit-
give add, addend, addendum, addition, additional, additive, dative, dedimus, dedition, edition, editor, editorial, extradition, perdition, reddition, redditive, rendition, surrender, tradition, traditional, traditor
doceō doc- docu- doct- teach doctor, doctoral, doctrinal, doctrine, document, documentary, documentation, indoctrinate, indoctrination, postdoctoral
doleō dol- dolu- dolit- grieve condole, condolence, condolent, dolent, dolente, dolor, dolorific
dormiō dorm- dormiv- dormit- sleep dormitory
dubitō dubit- dubitav- dubitat- doubt dubitable, dubitancy, dubitation, indubitable
ducō duc- dux- duct- lead abduce, abducent, abduction, abductor, adduce, adducent, adduct, adduction, adductor, circumduction, conduce, conducent, conduction, conductive, conductivity, conductor, deduce, deduct, deductible, deduction, deductive, duct, ductile, ductility, ductor, educe, educt, induce, inducement, induct, induction, inductive, inductor, introduce, introduction, introductory, irreducible, nonconductive, produce, product, production, productive, productivity, reduce, reducible, reduction, redux, reintroduction, reproduce, reproduction, reproductive, seduce, seduction, seductive, semiconductor, subduction, superconductivity, superconductor, traduce, traducent, traducian, traduct, traduction
edō ed- ed- es- eat edacity, edible, esculent, inedible, obese, obesity
emō
-imō
em-
-im-
em- empt- buy adempt, ademption, emptor, exempt, exemption, impromptu, nonexempt, preempt, preemption, preemptive, preemptory, prompt, redeem, redemption, redemptive, redemptress, redempture
e- i- it- go adit, ambient, ambit, ambition, coition, coitus, exeat, exit, intransitive, introit, obituary, preterite, redient, redition, sedition, transient, transit, transition, transitive, transitory
errō err- errav- errat- stray errant, errata, erratic, erratum, inerrant
faciō
-ficiō
fac-
-fic-
fec-
-fic-
fact-
-fect-
make affair, affect, affectation, affection, affectional, affectionate, affective, affectivity, aficionado, benefaction, benefactive, benefactor, benefic, benefice, beneficence, beneficial, beneficiary, beneficiation, comfit, comfiture, confect, confection, confectionary, confectionery, confecture, confetti, contrafactive, contrafactual, counterfactual, counterfeit, de facto, deface, defacement, defeasance, defeat, defect, defection, defective, defector, deficiency, deficient, deficit, difficile, difficulty, disaffection, discomfit, discomfiture, disinfect, disinfectant, disinfection, efface, effacement, effect, effectible, effection, effective, effectivity, effector, effectual, effectuality, effectuate, effectuation, efficacious, efficacity, efficacy, efficiency, efficient, face, facet, facial, faciend, facient, facile, facilitate, facilitation, facilitative, facilitator, facilitatory, facility, facinorous, facsimile, fact, faction, factional, factionary, factious, factitious, factor, factorial, factory, factual, facture, facultative, faculty, fashion, fashionable, feasibility, feasible, feasance, feat, feature, fetish, forfeit, forfeiture, hacienda, imperfect, imperfection, indefeasible, ineffective, ineffectual, inefficient, infect, infection, infectious, infective, insufficiency, insufficient, malefaction, malefactor, maleficence, malfeasance, nonfactual, nonfacultative, nonfeasance, nonproficiency, nonprofit, office, official, officiant, officiary, officiate, parfait, perfect, perfectible, perfection, perfective, pluperfect, prefect, prefecture, proficiency, proficient, profit, profiteer, reinfect, remanufacture, resurface, sacrifice, semelfactive, subprefect, subprefecture, subsurface, suffice, sufficiency, sufficient, superficial, superficiality, superficies, surface, surfeit, transfection
factō fact-
-fect-
factav- factat-
-fectat-
fallō fall- fefell- fals- fallacy, fallible, false, falsity, infallible
faveō fav- favu- favit- favor
fendō fend- fend- fens- defend, defense, defensible, defensive, fence, indefensible, inoffensive, offend, offense, offensive, reoffend
ferō fer- tul- lāt- bear, bring ablate, ablation, ablative, ablator, allative, aquifer, circumference, circumferential, confer, conference, conferential, conferment, conferral, conifer, correlate, correlation, correlative, defer, deference, deferent, deferential, deferment, deferral, delate, delative, differ, difference, different, differential, differentiate, differentiation, elate, elation, elative, fertile, fertility, illative, infer, inference, inferential, infertile, infertility, interfere, interference, interrelate, interrelation, lative, multiferous, oblate, oblation, perlative, prefer, preference, preferential, prelacy, prelate, prolate, prolation, prolative, refer, reference, referendary, referendum, referent, referential, referral, relate, relation, relational, relative, relativity, relator, relatrix, relatum, sublative, suffer, superlative, transfer, transference, transferral, translation, translative, translator
ferveō ferv-  –  –  – effervescence, effervescent, fervency, fervent, fervescent, fervid, fervor
fervescō fervesc-  –  –
fīgō fīg- fīx- fix- fix affix, affixion, crucifix, crucifixion, fixure, infix, infixion, postfix, prefix, prefixion, suffix, suffixion
findō find- fid- fiss- cleave, split bifid, contrafissure, fissile, fission, fissiped, fissure, fistula, fistular, multifid
fingō fing- finx- fict- fashion, invent effigy, fiction, fictional, fictive, figment
fiō fi-  –  – be made fiat
flectō flect- flex- flex- bend deflect, flexibility, flexible, flexile, flexion, flexor, flexuose, flexure, genuflect, inflect, inflection, inflexible, irreflexive, reflect, reflective, reflector, reflex, reflexion, reflexive, retroreflector
fligō flig- flix- flict- strike afflict, affliction, afflictive, conflict, confliction, inflict, infliction, inflictive, profligate
flō fl- flav- flat- blow afflation, afflatus, conflate, conflation, deflate, deflation, efflate, efflation, exsufflate, exsufflation, flabellum, flabile, flatulence, flatulent, inflate, inflation, insufflate, insufflation, soufflé, sufflate, sufflation
fluō flu- flux- flux- flow affluence, affluent, confluence, diffluence, effluent, efflux, fluency, fluent, fluid, flume, flux, fluxion, influence, influenza, influx, reflux
fodiō fod- fod- foss- dig fossil
for f- fat-  – say, speak affability, affable, fable, fabular, fabulous, facund, facundious, facundity, famacide, fame, famosity, famous, fatal, fatality, fate, fatidic, fatiferous, fetial, ineffable, infamous, infamy, infancy, infant, infantile, infantry
frangō
-fringō
frang-
-fring-
freg- fract- break birefringence, diffract, diffraction, fractal, fraction, fractional, fracture, fragile, fragility, fragment, fragmentary, frail, infraction, infringe, irrefrangible, refraction, refractive, refractor, refractory, refrain (noun), refrangible, refringent, suffrage
fricō fric- fricu- frict- rub fricative, friction
frigeō frig-  –  – be cold frigid
frigō frig- frix- frict- parch
fruor fru- fruct-  – enjoy usufruct, usufructuary
fugiō fug- fug- fugit- flee fugitive, refugee
fundō fund- fūd- fūs- pour affusion, confound, confuse, confusion, diffuse, diffusion, diffusive, diffusor, effund, effuse, effusion, effusive, fondant, fondue, found, foundry, fuse, fusibility, fusible, fusile, fusion, futile, futility, nonfusible, perfuse, perfusion, perfusive, profuse, profusion, profusive, refund, refusal, refuse
fungor fung- funct-  – do defunct, fungible, function, functional, functionary, malfunction
gaudeō gaud- gavis-  – rejoice gaud
gerō ger- gess- gest- carry agger, congest, congestion, congestive, contragestive, contrasuggestible, decongestant, digest, digestible, digestion, digestive, gerund, gerundive, gestant, gestate, gestation, gestational, gestative, gestatory, gesture, indigestible, indigestion, ingest, ingestion, ingestive, suggest, suggestive, suggestion
gestō gest- gestav- gestat-
gradior
-gredior
gradi-
-gredi-
gress-
-gress-
 – step aggression, aggressive, aggressor, congress, digress, digression, digressive, egress, egression, egressive, gradient, ingredient, ingress, ingressive, introgression, introgressive, nonaggression, progress, progression, progressive, regress, regression, regressive, retrogressive, transgression, transgressor
gustō gust- gustav- gustat- taste gustation, gustatory
habeō
-hibeō
habe-
-hibe-
habu- habit-
-hibit-
have ability, able, debit, debitor, debt, debtor, devoir, disability, disable, due, duty, enable, endeavor, exhibit, exhibition, exhibitor, habeas corpus, habile, habilitate, hability, habit, habitable, habitance, habitant, habitat, habitation, habitator, habitual, habituate, habituation, habitude, habitudinal, inability, indubitable, inhabile, inhabit, inhabitable, inhabitant, inhabitation, inhibit, inhibition, inhibitory, prebend, prebendary, prohibit, prohibition, prohibitive, prohibitory, provender, rehabilitant, rehabilitate, rehabilitation, rehabilitative, rehabilitator
habitō habit- habitav- habitat-
haereō haer- haes- haes- cling, stick adhere, adherent, adhesion, adhesive, cohere, coherence, coherent, cohesion, cohesive, hesitant, hesitate, hesitation, incoherent, nonadhesive
halō hal-
-hel-
halav- halat- breathe exhalable, exhalant, exhalation, exhale, inhalant, inhalation, inhale
hauriō hauri- haus- haust- draw exhaust, exhaustible, exhaustion, exhaustive, haurient, haustrum, inexhaustible
hiō hi- hiav- hiat- gape hiatal, hiatus
iaceō iac- iacu- jacit- be thrown, lie adjacent, circumjacent, nonadjacent, subjacent, superjacent
iaciō
-iciō
iac- iec-
(j)ic-
jact-
-ject-
throw abject, conjecture, dejection, ejection, ejector, inject, injection, introjection, jet, object, objection, objective, objector, project, projectile, projector, reject, rejection, subject, subjective, surjective, trajectory
irascor irasc- irat-  – be angry irascible, irate
labor lab- laps-  – slide, slip collapse, elapse, labile, prolapse, relapse
laciō
-liciō
lac-
-lic-
-licu-  –
-lect-
lure delicious, elicit, illicit
laedō
-lidō
laed-
-lid-
laes-
-lis-
laes-
-lis-
hurt collide, collision, elide, elision, lesion
langueō langu-  –  – languid, languish, languor
laudō laud- laudav- laudat- praise laud, laudable, laudatory
lavō lav- lav- laut-, lot- wash latrine, lavatory, loment, lotion, loture
lēgō lēg- legav- legat- send allege, delegate, delegation, relegation
legō
-ligō
leg-
-lig-
leg- lect- choose, gather, read collect, collectible, collection, collective, collector, diligence, diligent, elect, election, elective, elector, eligibility, eligible, illegible, ineligible, lectionary, lector, lecture, legend, legendary, legible, neglect, negligence, negligent, select, selection, selective, selector
leō l-  – let-
-lit-
delete, deletion, delible, indelible
libō lib- libav- libat- pour libament, libation
libō lib-  – libit- please libido
liceō lic-  - licit- licence, licit, licitation
licitō licit- licitav- licitat-
ligō lig- ligav- ligat- bind ligament, ligature, obligation
linquō linqu- liqu- lict- abandon delict, delinquent, derelict, dereliction, relict, reliction, relinquish, reliquary
liveō liv-  –  – livid, livor
locō loc- locav- locat- place, put allocate, allocation, collocate, collocation, locate, location, locational, locative, locator, relocate, relocation
loquor loqu- locūt-  – speak allocution, allocutive, circumlocution, collocution, collocutor, colloquial, colloquium, colloquy, elocutio, elocution, eloquence, eloquent, grandiloquent, illocution, interlocutor, interlocutory, locution, loquacious, loquacity, loquitur, oblocutor, obloquy, perlocutionary, ventriloquy
luceō luc- lux-  – be light, shine lucent, pellucid
luctor luct- luctat-  – wrestle reluctance, reluctant
lūdō lūd- lūs- lūs- play allude, allusion, allusive, collude, collusion, collusive, delude, delusion, delusional, delusive, delusory, disillusion, elude, elusion, elusive, illude, illusion, illusive, illusory, interlude, ludicrous, prelude
luō lu- lu- lut- wash abluent, ablution, dilute, elution, pollution
maneō man- mans- mans- stay immanent, mansion, permanence, permanent, remain, remanence, remanent
mānō mān- manav- manat- flow emanate, emanation
meō me- meav- meat- go, pass impermeable, permeable, permeance, permeant, permease, permeate, permeation
mergō merg- mers- mers- dip emerge, emergence, immerse, immersion, immersive
migrō migr- migrav- migrat- emigrant, emigrate, emigration, émigré, immigrant, immigrate, immigration, migrant, migrate, migration, migratory, nonmigratory
minuō minu- minu- minut- lessen diminuendo, diminution, diminutive, minuend
misceō misc- miscu- mixt- mix admixture, miscible, mixture, promiscuous
mittō mitt- mīs- miss- send admissibility, admissible, admission, admissive, admit, commissar, commissariat, commissary, commission, commissure, commit, commitment, committal, committee, compromise, decommission, decommit, demise, demiss, demit, dismiss, dismissal, dismissive, emissary, emission, emissitious, emissive, emissivity, emit, emittent, impermissible, inadmissible, intermission, intermittent, intromissible, intromission, intromissive, intromit, intromittent, manumission, manumit, mess, message, messenger, missile, mission, missionary, missive, mittimus, noncommittal, omission, omit, permissible, permission, permissive, permit, permittee, premise, premiss, premit, pretermission, pretermit, promise, promissive, promissory, readmission, readmit, recommit, remise, remiss, remissible, remission, remissive, remissory, remit, remittal, remittance, remittee, remittence, remittent, remittitur resubmit, retransmission, retransmit, subcommittee, submission, submissive, submit, surmise, transmissibility, transmissible, transmission, transmissive, transmit
molō mol- molu- molit- grind demolition, emolument, molar
moneō mon- monu- monit- warn admonish, admonition, admonitory, monition, monitor, monitory, monument, monumental, premonition
monstrō monstr- monstrav- monstrat- show demonstrable, demonstrant, demonstrate, demonstration, demonstrative, demonstrator, demonstratory, remonstrant, remonstrate, remonstration, remonstrative
moveō mov- mov- mot- move admove, demote, demotion, commotion, commove, emotion, emotional, emotive, locomotion, locomotive, motif, motile, motility, motion, motive, motor, move, promote, promotion, promotional, promotor, remote, remotion, removal, remove
narrō narr- narrav- narrat- tell narration, narrative, narrator
nascor nasc- nat-
gnat-
 – be born adnascent, adnate, agnate, agnatic, agnation, cognate, cognation, enate, enation, innate, naissant, nascent, natal, nation, national, nationality, native, nativity, natural, nature, prenatal, preternatural, renaissance, renascent, supernatural
natō nat- natav- natat- float, swim natatorium
necō nec- necav- necat- kill enecate
nectō nect- nexu- nex- join, tie annex, connect, connexion, disconnect, interconnect, nexus, reconnect
nōscō
-gnōscō
nōsc-
-gnōsc-
nosc- nōt-
-gnōt-, -gnit-
know cognition, cognitive, ignoble, nobility, noble, notice, notion, recognition, reconnaissance, reconnoiter
notō not- notav- notat- mark annotation, annotator, connotation, denotation, denote, notability, notable, notary, notation
nuntiō nunt- nuntiav- nuntiat- bring news of, announce announce, annunciation, denunciation, renounce, renunciation
nutriō nutr- nutriv- nutrit- nourish nutrient, nutriment, nutrition, nutritious
ōdi od-  –  – hate annoy, annoyance, ennui, odious, odium
oleō ol- olu-  – smell olfactory, olid, redolence, redolent
operiō oper- operu- opert- cover cover, covert, curfew, discover, discovert, discoverture, discovery, operculum, rediscover
optō opt- optav- optat- choose adopt, adoptive, coopt, cooptation, opt, optation, optative
ordior ord- ors-  – begin exordium, primordial, primordium
orior ori- ort-  – rise abort, abortion, abortive, disorient, disorientation, orient, oriental, orientation
palleō pall- pallu-  – be pale pallid, pallor
pandō pand-
-pend-
pand- pans-
-pess-
spread compass, dispand, dispansion, encompass, expand, expanse, expansion, expansive, pace, repand
pangō
-pingō
pang-
-ping-
pepig- pact- fasten compact, compaction, compactor, compinge, counterpropaganda, impact, impaction, impactive, impinge, impingement, propaganda, propagate, propagation
pareō par- paru- parit- be ready apparent, apparition, appear, appearance, disappear, disappearance, disparition, semitransparent, transparency, transparent
pariō par-
-per-
peper- part-
-pert-
antepartum, biparous, deiparous, fissiparity, multiparous, nonparental, nullipara, nulliparity, nulliparous, oviparity, oviparous, parent, parental, parity, parturiency, parturient, parturifacient, parturition, pluriparous, postpartum, primipara, primiparous, repertoire, repertory, semelparity, semelparous, uniparous, vivipary, viviparous
parturiō partur- parturiv- parturit-
parō par-
-per-
parav-
-perav-
parat-
-perat-
make ready apparat, apparatus, disparate, disrepair, dissever, disseverance, emperor, empery, empire, empress, imperant, imperative, imperator, imperious, inseparable, irreparable, parade, pare, parry, preparation, preparative, preparatory, prepare, repair, reparable, reparation, reparative, separable, separate, separation, separator, sever, severable, several, severance
pascō pasc- pav- past- feed antepast, antipasto, pastern, pastor, pastorage, pastoral, pastorale, pastorate, pastorium, pasturage, pastural, pasture, repast, repasture
pateō pat- patu-  – be open patefaction, patella, patellar, patelliform, patency, patent
patior pat- pass-  – endure compassion, compassionate, compatibility, compatible, dispassion, dispassionate, impassion, impassive, impassivity, impatience, impatient, incompatibility, incompatible, noncompatible, passion, passionate, passive, passivity, patience, patient
paveō pav- pav-  – be afraid pavid, pavidity
paviō pav- paviv- pavit- beat pave, pavement, paviage, pavior
-pellō -pell- -pellav- -pellat- appeal, appellable, appellant, appellate, appellation, appellative, repeal
pellō pell- pepul- puls- push appulse, appulsion, appulsive, compel, compulsatory, compulsion, compulsive, compulsivity, compulsory, depulse, depulsion, dispel, expel, expellent, expulsion, impel, impellent, impulse, impulsion, impulsive, impulsor, nonpropulsive, propel, propellent, propulsion, propulsive, pulsate, pulsatile, pulsation, pulsative, pulsator pulse, pulsion, push, repel, repulse, repulsion, repulsive, repulsory
pulsō puls- pulsav- pulsat-
pendeō pend- pepend-  – be hanging, hang (intrans.) antependium, codependency, codependent, depend, dependable, dependency, dependent, impend, impendency, impendent, independence, independent, interdependent, lis pendens, penchant, pendency, pendent, pendente lite, pendulous, pendulum, pensile, propend, propendency, propendent, propense, propension, propensity
pendō pend- pepend- pens- weigh compendious, compendium, compensate, compensation, compensatory, dispensation, dispense, expend, expense, pensative, pension, pensive, poise, suspense
pensō pens- pensav- pensat-
perior per-  –  – experience, experiment, inexperience, peril
petō pet- petiv- petit- seek, attack appete, appetence, appetent, appetite, appetition, centripetal, compete, competence, competent, competition, competitive, competitor, impetuous, impetus, inappetence, incompetence, incompetent, noncompetitive, petulance, petulant, petulcity, petulcous, propitiation, propitious, repeat, répétiteur, repetition, repetitive, repetitor
pingō ping- pinx- pict- paint depict, depiction, paint, pictorial, picture, pigment, pigmentary, pigmentation, pimiento, pinto, repaint
placeō
-pliceō
plac-
-plic-
placu- placit-
-plicit-
please complacency, complacent, complaisance, complaisant, counterplea, displease, displeasure, implead, placebo, placid, placidity, plea, plead, pleasance, pleasant, pleasantry, please, pleasurable, pleasure
plācō plāc- plācav- plācāt- implacable, placability, placable, placate, placation, placative, placatory
plangō plang- planx- planct- complain, complainant, complaint, plague, plain, plaint, plaintiff, plaintive, plangency, plangent
plaudō
-plodō
plaud-
-plod-
plaus- plaus-
-plos-
clap applaud, applause, displode, displosion, displosive, explode, explosion, explosive, implausibility, implausible, implosion, implosive, nonexplosive, plaudit, plausibility, plausible, plosion, plosive
plectō plect- plex- plex- plait amplexus, complect, complex, complexion, complexity, implex, implexion, perplex, perplexity, plexure, plexus
plēō plē- plev- plēt- fill accomplish, accomplishment, complement, complementarity, complementary, complementation, complete, completion, completive, compliance, compliant, compliment, Compline, comply, deplete, depletion, depletive, implement, implementation, impletion, incomplete, incompletion, noncompliance, plenary, plenitude, plenitudinous, plenty, plenum, reimplement, reimplementation, replenish, replete, repletion, repletive, resupply, supplement, supplemental, supplementary, supplementation, suppletion, suppletive, suppletory, supply
plicō plic- plicav- plicat- fold applicability, applicable, applicant, application, applicative, applicator, applicatory, apply, centuplicate, complicate, complication, contortuplicate, counterploy, demi-plié, deplication, deploy, deployment, duplicate, duplication, duplicator, employ, employee, employment, explicable, explicandum, explicans, explicate, explication, explicative, explicator, explicatory, explicature, exploit, exploitable, exploitation, implicate, implication, implicational, implicature, imply, inapplicable, induplicate, induplication, inexplicable, multiplicand, multiplication, multiplicative, nonexploitation, nonpliant, plait, pleat, pliable, pliancy, pliant, plié, ploy, ply, quadruplicate, reapply, reduplication, replica, replicable, replicant, replicate, replication, replicator, reply, subduplicate, triplicate
plōrō plor- plorav- plorat-  – deplorable, deplore, implore
poliō pol- poliv- polit- smoothen expolish, impolite, interpolate, interpolation, polish, polite, politesse, politure
pōnō pōn- posu- posit- put adposition, antepone, anteposition, apposite, apposition, appositional, appositive, circumposition, component, composite, composition, compositional, compositor, contraposition, contrapositive, decomposition, depone, deponent, deposit, deposition, depositional, depositor, depository, dispone, disposition, dispositional, dispositive, entrepôt, expone, exponent, exponential, exponentiation, exponible, exposit, exposition, expositional, expositive, expositor, expository, impone, imponent, imposition, impostor, indisposition, interpone, interponent, interposition, juxtaposit, juxtaposition, juxtapositional, oppone, opponent, opposite, opposition, oppositional, oppositive, posit, position, positional, positive, positure, postpone, postposition, postpositional, postpositive, posture, preposition, prepositional, prepositive, prepositor, prepositure, propone, proponent, proposition, propositional, recomposition, reimposition, repone, reposit, reposition, repository, seposit, seposition, superimposition, superposition, supposition, suppositional, suppositive, suppositor, suppository, transposition, transpositional, transpositive
portō port- portav- portat- carry apport, asportation, comport, comportable, comportance, comportation, comportment, deport, deportable, deportation, deportee, disport, export, exportable, exportation, import, importable, importance, important, importation, insupportable, nonportable, portability, portable, portage, portamento, portance, portative, porterage, proport, purport, rapport, rapporteur, reexport, reimport, reimportation, report, reportable, reportage, reportative, sport, support, supportable, transport, transportable, transportation
pōtō pōt- potav- potat- drink compotation, compotator, perpotation, potability, potable, potation, potion
precor prec- precat-  – pray apprecation, deprecable, deprecate, deprecation, imprecate, imprecation, pray, prayer, precarious, precation, precatory
prehendō prehend-
prend-
prehend- prehens-
prens-
grasp apprehend, apprehension, apprehensive, apprentice, apprisal, apprise, comprehend, comprehensible, comprehension, comprehensive, comprisal, comprise, deprehend, emprise, enterprise, entrepreneur, impregnable, impresa, impresario, imprison, imprisonment, inapprehension, incomprehensible, incomprehension, incomprehensive, pregnable, prehend, prehensile, prehensility, prehension, prise, prison, purprise, reprehend, reprehensible, reprieve, reprisal, reprise, surprise
premō
-primō
prem-
-prim-
press- press- press, push appress, appressorium, compress, compressible, compression, compressional, compressive, compressor, counterpressure, decompress, decompression, depress, depression, depressive, depressor, espresso, express, expressible, expression, expressional, expressive, expressivity, expressor, impress, impressible, impression, impressionable, impressional, impressive, impressor, imprimatur, imprimatura, imprint, incompressibility, incompressible, inexpressible, inexpressive, irrepressible, oppress, oppressible, oppression, oppressive, oppressor, preprint, press, pressure, print, repress, repressible, repression, repressive, repressor, reprimand, reprint, subexpression, suppress, suppressant, suppression, suppressor, surprint, transrepression
pressō press- pressav- pressat-
pugnō pugn- pugnav- pugnat- fight impugn, impugnable, impugnation, pugnacious, repugn, repugnance, repugnant
pungō pung- pupug- punct- prick appoint, appointee, appointive, appointment, bipunctate, bipunctual, compunction, contrapuntal, counterpoint, demi-pointe, disappoint, disappointment, dispunge, expunction, expunge, impunctate, impunctual, inexpungible, multipoint, poignant, point, pointe, punctate, punctatim, punctation, punctator, punctiform, punctilio, punction, punctual, punctuality, punctuation, puncture, pungency, pungent, puntilla, puntillero, punto, reappoint, reappointment, tripoint
punctō punct- punctav- punctat-
putō put- putav- putat- prune, think accompt, accomptant, account, accountability, accountable, accountancy, accountant, amputate, amputation, amputee, computable, computation, compute, count, countable, deputable, depute, deputy, discount, disputable, disputant, disputation, disputative, dispute, disreputable, disrepute, imputable, imputation, imputative, impute, incomputable, indisputable, irreputable, nonimputable, precompute, putamen, putaminous, putative, raconteur, recompute, recount, reputable, reputation, repute, supputate, supputation, suppute
putreō putr-  –  – be rotten putredinous, putrefacient, putrefaction, putrefactive, putrefy, putresce, putrescence, putrescent, putrescible, putrescine, putrid, putridity, putrilage, putrilaginous
putrescō putresc-  –  –
quaerō
-quirō
quaer-
-quir-
quaesiv- quaesit-
-quisit-
search, seek acquire, acquisition, exquire, exquisite, inquest, inquire, inquisitive, perquisite, query, quest
quatiō
-cutiō
quat-
-cut-
 – quass-
-cuss-
shake cassate, cassation, concussion, conquassate, decussation, discuss, discussion, discussive, discutient, percussion, percussive, percussor, quash, quassation, recussion, repercussion, rescue, squash, squassation, succussion, succussive
quassō quass- quassav- quassat-
queror quer- quest-  – complain quarrel, querent, querimony, querulous
queritor querit- -  –
rādō rād- ras- ras- scrape, shave abrade, abrasion, abrasive, corrade, corrasion, erase, erasure, radula, radular
ranceō ranc-  –  – be rotten rancid, rancor
rapiō
-ripiō
rap-
-rip-
rapu- rapt-
-rept-
arreption, arreptitious, rapacious, rapacity, rape, rapid, rapidity, rapine, rapt, raptio, raptor, rapture, rapturous, raptus, ravish, subreption, subreptitious, surreptitious
regō
-rigō
reg-
-rig-
rex- rect- keep straight adret, adroit, alert, arrect, bidirectional, bidirectionality, birectify, biregular, coregency, coregent, correct, correction, correctional, corrective, corrector, correctory, correctress, corregidor, corregimiento, corrigendum, corrigent, corrigibility, corrigible, counterinsurgency, counterinsurgent, derail, derailleur, derailment, derecho, deregulate, deregulation, direct, direction, directional, directionality, directive, director, directorate, directorial, directory, directress, directrix, dirigible, erect, erection, erector, escort, experrection, incorrect, incorrigibility, incorrigible, indirect, indirection, insurgency, insurgent, insurrection, interregent, interregimental, interregional, irregular, irregularity, maladroit, multidirectional, porrect, porrection, rail, rectal, rectification, rectilinear, rectilinearity, rection, rectitude, rectitudinous, rector, rectorate, rectory, rectress, rectricial, rectrix, rectum, redirect, regency, regent, regible, regime, regimen, regiment, regimental, regimentation, region, regional, regle, regula, regular, regularity, regulate, regulation, regulator, regulatory, reregulate, resource, resurge, resurgence, resurgent, resurrect, resurrection, semiregular, source, subrector, subrectory, subregent, subregion, subregional, surge, trirectify, unidirectional, viceregent
rēpō rēp- reps- rēpt- crawl, creep obreption, obreptitious, reptation, reptile, reptilian
reptō rept- reptav- reptat-
rideō rid- ris- ris- laugh, smile arride, deride, derision, derisive, irrisible, irrision, ridicule, ridiculous, risibility, risible
rigeō rig-  –  – be stiff de rigueur, rigid, rigor
rodō rod- ros- ros- gnaw corrode, corrosion, corrosive, erode, erosion, noncorrosive, rodent, rodenticide
rogō rog- rogav- rogat- ask abrogate, abrogation, derogate, derogatory, interrogate, interrogation, interrogative, interrogator, interrogatory, obrogate, obrogation, prorogatio, prorogation, rogatio, rogation, rogatory, subrogate, subrogation, surrogacy, surrogate
rumpō rump- rup- rupt- break, burst abrupt, corrupt, corruption, corruptor, disrupt, disruption, disruptive, erumpent, erupt, eruption, eruptive, interrupt, interruption, irrupt, irruption, irruptive, noneruptive, reroute, rout, route, rupture
saliō
-siliō
sal-
-sil-
salu-
-silu-
salt- jump assail, assault, desultory, exult, exultant, exultation, insult, insultation, irresilient, resile, resilience, resiliency, resilient, result, resultant, salient, saltant
saltō salt-
-sult-
saltav- saltat-
-sultat-
scandō
-scendō
scand-
-scend-
scand- scans-
-scens-
climb ascend, ascension, condescension, descend, descent, scansion, transcend, transcendental
scīō sci- sciv- scit- know conscience, nescience, omniscience, plebiscite, prescient, science
scrībō scrīb- scrips- scrīpt- write ascribe, circumscribe, conscription, describe, description, descriptive, descriptor, indescribable, inscribe, inscription, nondescript, postscript, prescribe, prescription, prescriptive, proscribe, proscription, proscriptive, scribble, scribe, script, scriptural, scripture, scrivener, subscribe, subscript, subscription, superscript, transcribe, transcript, transcription
secō sec- secu- sect- cut bisect, bisection, bisector, bisectrix, dissect, dissection, insect, intersect, intersection, intersectionality, prosect, prosector, resection, secant, sectile, section, sectional, sector, sectorial, segment, subsection, subsector, subsegment, suprasegmental, transect, transection, trisectrix, vivisection
sedeō
-sideō
sede-
-side-
sed- sess- sit dissident, insidious, nonresident, obsession, obsessive, preside, presidium, reside, resident, sedentary, sediment, sessile, session, subside, supersede, supersession
sedō sed- sedav- sedat- sedate, sedation, sedative
sentiō senti- sens- sens- feel assent, consensual, consensus, consent, dissension, dissent, insensate, nonsense, resent, resentment, scent, sensate, sensation, sensational, sense, sensibility, sensible, sensor, sensual, sentence, sentient, sentiment, sentimental, sentimentality
sequor sequ- secut-  – follow assecution, consecutive, consequence, consequent, consequential, demisuit, ensuant, ensue, execute, execution, executive, executor, extrinsic, inconsequential, insequent, intrinsic, non sequitur, nonconsecutive, nonsequential, obsequence, obsequent, obsequious, persecute, persecution, persecutor, prosecute, prosecution, prosecutor, prosecutorial, prosecutory, prosecutive, pursual, pursuance, pursuant, pursue, pursuit, pursuivant, resequent, second, secondary, secundine, segue, sequacious, sequacity, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, sequential, sequitur, suant, subsecute, subsecutive, subsequent, sue, suit, suitability, suitable, suite, suitor
sector sect- sectat-  –
serō ser- seru- sert- assert, assertion, desert, desertion, desertrix, insert, insertion, serial, series
serpō serp- serps- serpt- crawl serpent
serviō serv- serviv- servit- serve deserve, servile, servitude, subservience, subservient
servō serv- servav- servat- save conservable, conservation, conservative, conservator, conservatory, conserve, observable, observance, observant, observation, observational, observative, observator, observatory, observe, preservable, preservation, preservative, preserve, reservable, reservance, reservation, reservative, reserve
sistō sist- stet- stat- cause to stand absist, assist, consist, consistency, consistent, desist, exist, existence, existent, inconsistent, insist, insistence, insistent, irresistible, nonexistent, persist, persistence, persistent, resist, resistible, subsist, subsistence, subsistent
solvō solv- solv- solut- loosen absolute, absolution, absolutive, absolutory, absolve, dissolute, dissolution, dissolve, insolubility, insoluble, insolvency, insolvent, irresolute, resolute, resolution, resolve, resolvent, solubility, soluble, solute, solution, solve, solvency, solvend, solvent
sordeō sord- sordu-  – be dirty sordes, sordid
spargō sparg-
-sperg-
spars- spars-
-spers-
scatter aspersion, dispersal, disperse, dispersion, sparse
speciō
-spiciō
spec-
-spic-
spex- spect- look aspect, aspectual, auspices, auspicious, circumspect, circumspection, circumspective, conspecific, conspectus, conspicuous, disrespect, expect, expectancy, expectant, expectation, inauspicious, incircumspect, inconspicuous, inspect, inspection, inspector, interspecific, introspection, introspective, irrespective, nonspecific, perspective, perspicacious, perspicuity, perspicuous, prospect, prospective, prospector, prospectus, respect, respectable, respective, retrospection, retrospective, special, speciality, speciation, specie, species, specific, specification, specificity, specimen, speciosity, specious, spectacle, spectacular, spectator, spectral, spectrum, specular, speculate, speculation, speculative, speculator, speculatory, speculum, subspecies
spectō spect- spectav- spectat-
spirō spir- spirav- spirat- breathe aspiration, aspire, conspiracy, conspirator, conspiratorial, conspire, inspiration, inspirational, inspire, perspiration, perspire, preaspiration, respiration, respirator, respiratory, spiracle
splendeō splend- splendu-  – resplendent, splendent, splendid, splendiferous, splendor
spondeō spond- spopond- spons- promise correspond, correspondence, correspondent, despond, despondency, despondent, espousage, espousal, espouse, irresponsible, nonresponsive, respond, respondence, respondent, response, responsibility, responsible, responsive, sponsal, sponsion, sponsional, sponsor, spousal, spouse
sponsō spons- sponsav- sponsat-
squaleō squal- squalu-  – squalid, squalor
statuō
-stituō
statu-
-stitu-
statu-
-stitu-
statut-
-stitut-
cause to stand constituency, constituent, constitute, constitution, constitutional, destitute, destitution, institute, institution, institutional, prostitute, prostitution, reconstitute, restitution, statuary, statue, statuette, statute, statutory, substituent, substitute, substitution
staurō staur- staurav- staurat- instaurate, instauration, instaure, restaurant, restoration, restorative
sternō stern- strav- strat- spread, strew prostrate, prostration, stratus, stratum, substratum
stō st- stet- stat- stand antestature, circumstance, circumstant, circumstantial, circumstantiality, constable, constancy, constant, consubstantial, consubstantiality, consubstantiation, contrast, contrastable, disestablish, distance, distant, establish, establishment, estate, extant, inconstancy, inconstant, instability, instance, instancy, instant, instate, instatement, insubstantial, presto, reinstate, reinstatement, restate, restatement, stabile, stability, stable, stage, stamen, stamina, staminal, stance, stanchion, stanza, statant, statary, state, statement, station, stationary, stative, stator, stature, status, stet, substance, substantial, substantiality, substantiate, substantiation, substantive, substation, transubstantiate, transubstantiation
stringō string- strinx- strict- squeeze astrict, astriction, astrictive, astringe, astringency, astringent, constrain, constraint, constrict, constriction, constrictive, constrictor, constringe, constringency, constringent, distrain, distraint, distress, district, restrain, restraint, restrict, restriction, restrictive, restrictor, restringe, restringency, restringent, strain, strict, stricture, stringency, stringent
struō stru- strux- struct- construct, constructible, construction, constructive, constructor, construe, destroy, destruction, destructive, destructor, indestructible, infrastructure, instruct, instruction, instructive, instructor, instrument, instrumental, obstruct, obstruent, obstruction, structural, structure, superstructure
studeō stud- studu-  – étude, student, studio, studious, study
stupeō stup- stupu-  – be stunned stupefaction, stupendous, stupid, stupidity, stupor, stuporous
suadeō suad- suas- suas- dissuade, dissuasion, persuade, persuasion, persuasive
sum es- fu- futur- be absence, absent, adessive, antessive, disinterest, essence, essential, essive, exessive, future, futurity, inessive, interest, presence, present, subessive
sūmō sum- sumps- sumpt- take assume, assumption, assumptive, consume, consumption, consumptive, insume, presume, presumption, presumptive, presumptuous, resume, resumption, resumptive, subsume, subsumption
suō su- su- sūt- sew assument, sutile, suture
taceō tac-
-tic-
tacu- tacit- keep silent reticence, reticent, tacit, taciturn, taciturnity
tangō
-tingō
tang-
-ting-
tetig-
-tig-
tact- touch attain, attainment, contact, contingency, contingent, intact, intangible, integral, pertingent, tactile, tangent, tangental, tangential, tangible
tegō teg- tex- tect- cover contection, detect, detection, detective, detector, integument, obtect, protect, protection, protective, protector, protectorate, protégé, tectrix, tectum, tegmen, tegmental, tegula, tegular, tegument, tile, toga
tendō tend- tetend- tens- stretch attend, attent, attentive, contend, distend, distension, extend, extensible, extension, extensor, extent, inattentive, intend, intense, intension, intensional, intensity, intensive, intent, ostensible, ostension, ostensory, portend, portension, portent, pretend, pretense, pretension, subtend, tendency, tendentious, tense, tensible, tensile, tension, tensure
teneō
-tineō
ten-
-tin-
tenu-
-tinu-
tent- have, hold abstain, abstention, abstinence, abstinent, appertain, appertinent, appurtenance, appurtenant, contain, content, continence, continent, continental, contratenor, countenance, detain, detention, discontent, entertain, entertainment, impertinent, incontinence, incontinent, intenible, maintain, maintenance, malcontent, obtain, pertain, pertinacious, pertinacity, pertinence, pertinent, retain, retainer, retention, retentive, retinue, sustain, sustenance, tenacious, tenacity, tenet, tenor, tenure
tentō tent- tentav- tentat- ostentation, ostentatious, tentacle, tentation, tentative
tergeō terg- ters- ters- wipe detergent, terse
terō ter- triv- trit- rub, wear attrition, contrite, contrition, detriment, detrimental, detrital, detrition, detritivore, detritus, trite
texō tex- texu- text- weave context, contextual, pretext, subtext, text, textile, textual, texture
timeō tim- timu-  – be afraid timidity, timorous
tinniō tinn- tinniv- tinnit- ring tinnitus
torqueō torqu- tors- tort- twist contort, contortion, detortion, distort, distortion, extort, extortion, retort, torque, torsade, torse, tort, tortillon, tortrix, torture
torreō torr- torru- tost- torrent, torrential, torrid
trahō trah- trax- tract- drag, draw abstract, abstraction, abstractive, attract, attractant, attraction, attractive, attractor, contract, contraction, contractional, contractive, contractor, contrahent, detract, detraction, detractive, detractor, distract, distraction, distractive, distrait, extract, extraction, extractive, extractor, intractable, portrait, portraiture, portray, portrayal, protractor, retract, retraction, retractor, subtract, subtraction, subtractive, subtractor, subtrahend, tract, tractable, tractate, tractation, tractator, tractile, traction, tractional, tractor, trait
tractō tract-
-trect-
tractav- tractat-
-trectat-
trudō trud- trus- trus- thrust abstrude, abstruse, abstrusion, detrude, detrusion, extrude, extrusible, extrusion, extrusive, intrude, intrusion, intrusive, obtrude, obtrusion, obtrusive, protrude, protrudent, protrusion, protrusive, retrude, retruse, retrusion
tueor tu- tut-, tuit-  – intuition, intuitive, tuition, tutelage, tutor
tumeō tum- tumu-  – be swollen detumescence, tumescent, tumid, tumidity, tumor
turgeō turg-  –  – turgid, turgidity, turgor
umeō um-  –  – be moist humid, humidify, humidity, humidor
urō ur- uss- ust- burn adustion, urn
utor ut- us-  – use abuse, abusive, disabuse, disuse, perusal, peruse, use, usufruct, usure, usurp, usury, utility
vacō vac- vacav- vacat- be empty vacancy, vacant, vacate, vacation
vadō vad- vas- vas- go evade, evasion, evasive, invade, invasion, invasive, pervasive
valeō val- valu- valit- be strong ambivalence, ambivalent, avail, countervail, invalid, prevail, prevalence, prevalent, valence, valid, validity, valor
vehō veh- vex- vect- carry advection, convection, convective, convex, invective, inveigh, transvection, vector, vehicle, vehicular
vellō vell- vuls- vuls- avulsion, convulse, convulsion, convulsive, revulsion
veniō ven- ven- vent- come advene, advent, adventist, adventitious, adventure, avenue, circumvent, circumvention, contravene, contravention, convene, convenience, convenient, convent, conventicle, convention, conventional, coven, covenant, event, eventual, eventuality, inconvenience, inconvenient, intervene, intervention, invent, invention, inventive, inventory, nonintervention, obvention, prevene, prevent, prevention, preventive, provenience, reconvene, venture, venue
vereor ver- verit-  – irreverent, revere, reverence, reverend, reverent, reverential
vergō verg-  –  – converge, convergence, convergent, diverge, divergence, divergent, vergence
vertō vert- vert- vers- turn adversarial, adversary, adversative, adverse, adversion, adversity, advert, advertent, animadversion, animadvert, anteversion, antevert, aversation, averse, aversion, avert, avertible, contraversion, controversial, controversy, controvert, conversant, conversation, conversational, converse, conversion, convert, convertibility, convertible, diverse, diversion, diversionary, diversity, divert, divertible, divorce, everse, eversible, eversion, eversive, evert, extrorse, extroversion, extrovert, inadvertent, incontrovertible, indivertible, interconversion, interconvert, interconvertible, intervert, introrse, introversion, introversive, introvert, inverse, inversion, invert, invertible, irreversible, multiverse, nonconvertible, nonuniversal, obversant, obverse, obversion, obvert, perverse, perversion, perversity, pervert, pervertibility, pervertible, reconversion, reconvert, reconvertible, reversal, reverse, reversible, reversion, reversionary, reversive, revert, revertent, revertibility, revertible, subversion, subversionary, subversive, subvert, subvertible, transverse, traversal, traverse, universal, universality, universe, university, varsity, versable, versant, versatile, versatility, verse, versicle, versicular, versification, versificator, version, verso, versus, versute, vertebra, vertebral, vertebrate, vertex, vertical, vertiginous, vertigo
versō vers- versav- versat-
videō vid- vid- vis- see advice, advisable, advise, advisement, advisor, advisory, envisage, envisagement, envision, evidence, evident, evidential, evidentiality, evidentiary, improvidence, improvident, improvisation, improvisational, improvisator, improvisatory, improvise, imprudence, imprudent, inevident, interview, invisible, nonvisual, preview, provide, providence, provident, provision, provisional, provisionality, proviso, provisory, prudence, prudent, prudential, purvey, purveyance, purveyor, purview, review, supervision, supervisor, supervisory, survey, surveyor, video, view, vis-à-vis, visa, visage, visibility, visible, vision, visionary, visitation, visor, vista, visual, voila, voyeur
visitō visit- visitav- visitat-
vidō vid- vis- vis- divide, dividend, divisibility, divisible, division, divisional, divisive, divisor, individual, individuality, indivisible
vincō vinc- vic- vict- conquer, win convict, conviction, convince, convincible, evict, eviction, evince, inconvincible, invincible, pervicacious, vanquish, victor, victorious, victory
vitō vit- vitav- vitat- shun evitable, evitation, evite, inevitability, inevitable
vivō viv- vix- vict- live convivial, conviviality, revival, revive, survival, survive, survivor, viand, victual, viva, vivace, vivacious, vivacity, vivandière, vivant, vivarium, vivid, vivific, vivification, vivisepulture
vocō voc- vocav- vocat- call advocacy, advocate, advocation, advocator, advocatory, advoke, advowson, avocation, avouch, avow, avowal, convocation, equivocate, equivocation, evocative, evoke, invocation, invoke, provocation, provocative, provoke, revocation, revoke, vocation, vouch, vouchee, voucher, vouchsafe
volō vol- volav- volat- fly avolation, circumvolant, circumvolation, nonvolatile, volatile, volatility, volitant, volitation
volitō volit- volitav- volitat-
volō vell- volu-  – wish benevolence, benevolent, involuntary, malevolence, malevolent, volitient, volition, volitional, volitive, voluntary, volunteer
volvō volv- volv- volūt- roll advolution, circumvolute, circumvolution, circumvolve, convolute, convolution, convolutionary, convolve, devolute, devolution, devolutionary, devolve, devolvement, evolute, evolution, evolutionary, evolve, evolvent, involucrum, involute, involution, involve, involvement, revoluble, revolute, revolution, revolutionary, revolve, vault, volte, volte-face, voltigeur, volubility, voluble, volume, voluminous, voussoir
vorō vor- vorav- vorat- swallow carnivore, devour, omnivore, omnivorous, voracious, voracity, voraginous
voveō vov- vov- vot- vow devote, devotion, devotional, devout, votary, vote, votive, vow

FrequentativeInchoative

Prepositions and other words used to form compound words[edit]

Latin prepositions and other words
Word Meaning Prefixes
ā, ab away from ab-, a-, abs-, as-
ad to, toward ad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, at-
ambo both ambi-, am-, amb-
ante before ante-, anti-
bis twice bi-, bis-
circum around circum-
cis this side of cis-
contrā against, opposite to contra-, contro-
cum together, with con-, co-, col-, com-, cor-
down from de-
dexter right, to the right hand dextro-
dis- apart dis-, di-, dif-, dir-
ex, ē from, out of ex-, e-, ef-
extrā outside extra-, extro-
in in, into in-, il-, im-, ir-
īnfrā below infra-
inter among, between inter-, intel-
intrā within intra-, intro-
iuxtā beside juxta-
multus much, many multi-
ne no ne-, neg-
non not non-
ob, obs toward, against, in the way of, by reason of ob-, o-, oc-, of-, og-, op-, os-
paene almost, nearly pen-
per thorough, through per-, pel-
post after, behind post-
prae before pre-
praeter by, past preter-
prō for, forth, in front of pro-, pol-, por-, prod-
re- again, back re-, red-
retro backwards retro-
apart, without se-, sed-
sub from below, under sub-, su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-
subter beneath subter-
super above, over super-
suprā above, more than supra-
trāns across trans-, tra-, tran-
ultrā beyond ultra-
ve- out ve-

See also[edit]

References[edit]