List of Lessepsian migrants

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Lessepsian migrants, named after Ferdinand de Lesseps, the French engineer in charge of the Suez Canal's construction, are marine species that are native to the waters on one side of the Suez Canal, and which have been introduced by passage through the canal to the waters on its other side, giving rise to new colonies there and often becoming invasive.

Most Lessepsian migrations are of Red Sea species invading the Mediterranean Sea; few occur in the opposite direction.

Red Sea species to Mediterranean Sea[edit]

The year given denotes first record in the Mediterranean.

Species Group Year Ref.
Alepes djedaba Actinopterygii: Carangidae 1927 [1]
Alpheus edwardsii Crustacea: Alpheidae 1924 [2]
Alpheus inopinatus Crustacea: Alpheidae 1958 [2]
Alpheus lobidens Crustacea: Alpheidae 1936 [2]
Alpheus migrans Crustacea: Alpheidae 1978 [2]
Alpheus rapacida Crustacea: Alpheidae 1964 [3][2]
Amygdalum glaberrima Mollusca: Mytilidae [4]
Apogon nigripinnis Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 1947 [1]
Apogon queketti Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 2006 [5]
Arcuatula arcuatula Mollusca: Mytilidae [4]
Asterina burtoni Echinodermata: Asterinidae 1966
Atergatis roseus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1964 [2]
Atherinomorus lacunosus Actinopterygii: Atherinidae 1902 [6]
Automate branchialis Crustacea: Alpheidae 1958 [2]
Callionymus filamentosus Actinopterygii: Callionymidae 1953 [1]
Ceratonereis mirabilis Annelida: Nereididae
Charybdis helleri Crustacea: Portunidae 1929 [2]
Charybdis longicollis Crustacea: Portunidae 1961 [2]
Conus arenatus Mollusca: Conidae [4]
Coralliophila monodonta Mollusca: Muricidae [4]
Coryogalops ochetica Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1927
Crenidens crenidens Actinopterygii: Sparidae 1970
Cymothoa indica Crustacea: Cymothoidae 2009 [7]
Cynoglossus sinusarabici Actinopterygii: Cynoglossidae 1953
Cucurbitula cymbium Mollusca: Gastrochaenidae [4]
Diodora ruppellii Mollusca: Fissurellidae [4]
Dussumieria acuta Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1953 [1]
Epinephelus coioides Actinopterygii: Serranidae 1969 [8]
Epinephelus malabaricus Actinopterygii: Serranidae 1969
Etrumeus teres Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1963
Eucrate crenata Crustacea: Goneplacidae 1997 [9][2]
Fenneropenaeus indica Crustacea: Penaeidae 1981 [2]
Ferosagitta galerita Chaetognatha: Sagittidae 2003 [10]
Fistularia commersonii Actinopterygii: Fistulariidae 2001 [11]
Fulvia fragilis Mollusca: Cardiidae 2005 [12]
Gafrarium pectinatum Mollusca: Veneridae [4]
Hemiramphus far Actinopterygii: Hemiramphidae 1927
Herklotsichthys punctatus Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1976
Himantura uarnak Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae 1955 [13]
Hippocampus fuscus Actinopterygii: Syngnathidae 2002 [14]
Hyastenus hilgendorfi Crustacea: Majidae 1964 [2]
Hyporhamphus affinis Actinopterygii: Hemiramphidae 1967
Hypselodoris infucata Mollusca: Chromodorididae 1973
Ixa monodi Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1958 [2]
Lagocephalus sceleratus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 2005 [15]
Lagocephalus spadiceus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 1953 [1]
Lagocephalus suezensis Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 1977
Laternula anatina Mollusca: Laternulidae [4]
Leiognathus klunzingeri Actinopterygii: Leiognathidae 1931 [1]
Leonnates decipiens Annelida: Nereididae
Leonnates indicus Annelida: Nereididae
Leonnates persicus Annelida: Nereididae 2002 [16]
Leptochela aculeocaudata Crustacea: Pasiphaeidae 1936 [2]
Leptochela pugnax Crustacea: Pasiphaeidae 1958 [2]
Leucosia sigmata Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1990 [2]
Liza carinata Actinopterygii: Mugilidae 1971 [1]
Lophioturris indica Mollusca: Turridae [4]
Lucifer hanseni Crustacea: Sergestidae 1927 [2]
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Actinopterygii: Lutjanidae 1977
Mactra olorina Mollusca: Mactridae [4]
Marsupenaeus japonicus Crustacea: Penaeidae 1926 [17][2]
Matuta banksi Crustacea: Calappidae 1990 [2]
Metapenaeus monoceros Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [2]
Metapenaeus stebbingi Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [2]
Metapenaeopsis aegypti Crustacea: Penaeidae 1990 [18]
Metapenaeopsis mogiensis Crustacea: Penaeidae 1997 [9]
Modiolus auriculatus Mollusca: Mytilidae [4]
Muraenesox cinereus Actinopterygii: Muraenesocidae 1982
Myrax fugax Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1930 [2]
Neanthes willeyi Annelida: Nereididae
Nemipterus japonicus Actinopterygii: Nemipteridae 2006 [19]
Nemipterus randalli Actinopterygii: Nemipteridae 2006 [20]
Nereis gilchristi Annelida: Nereididae
Nereis zonata persica Annelida: Nereididae
Notopus dorsipes Crustacea: Raninidae 1964 [2]
Ogyrides mjoebergi Crustacea: Ogyrididae 1958 [2]
Oxyurichthys papuensis Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1983
Palaemonella rotumana Crustacea: Palaemonidae 1958 [2]
Pampus argenteus Actinopterygii: Stromateidae 1896 [21]
Panulirus ornatus Crustacea: Palinuridae 1989 [2]
Papilloculiceps longiceps Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1990
Paraexocoetus mento Actinopterygii: Exocoetidae 1935
Pelates quadrilineatus Actinopterygii: Terapontidae 1970 [1]
Pempheris vanicolensis Actinopterygii: Pempheridae 1979 [1]
Penaeus semisulcatus Crustacea: Penaeidae 1928 [2]
Periclimenes calami Crustacea: Palaemonidae 1927 [2]
Perinereis nuntia Annelida: Nereididae
Petroscirtes ancylodon Actinopterygii: Blenniidae 1989
Pilumnopeus vauquelini Crustacea: Xanthidae 1927 [2]
Pilumnus hirsutus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1936 [2]
Plagusia tuberculata Crustacea: Grapsidae 1967 [2]
Platycephalus indicus Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1953
Platymaia wyvillethompsoni Crustacea: Majidae 1967 [2]
Plotosus lineatus Actinopterygii: Plotosidae 2001 [22]
Pomadasys stridens Actinopterygii: Haemulidae 1969
Portunus pelagicus Crustacea: Portunidae 1924 [2]
Potamides conicus Mollusca: Potamididae [4]
Processa aequimana Crustacea: Processidae 1946 [2]
Pseudonereis anomala Annelida: Nereididae
Pteragogus pelycus Actinopterygii: Labridae 1992
Pterois miles Actinopterygii: Scorpaenidae 1992
Rachycentron canadum Actinopterygii: Rachycentridae 1986
Rastrelliger kanagurta Actinopterygii: Scombridae 1971
Rhabdosargus haffara Actinopterygii: Sparidae 1992
Rhopilema nomadica Cnidaria: Rhizostomatidae 1970s [23]
Rhynchoconger trewavasae Actinopterygii: Congridae 1993
Sargocentron rubrum Actinopterygii: Holocentridae 1947 [1]
Saurida undosquamis Actinopterygii: Synodontidae 1953 [24]
Scarus ghobban Actinopterygii: Scaridae 1999 [25]
Scomberomorus commerson Actinopterygii: Scombridae 1935
Sepioteuthis lessoniana Mollusca: Loliginidae 2002 [26]
Siganus luridus Actinopterygii: Siganidae 1964
Siganus rivulatus Actinopterygii: Siganidae 1927
Silhouettea aegyptia Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1991
Sillago sihama Actinopterygii: Sillaginidae 1977 [1]
Sorsogona prionota Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1947
Sphaerozius nitidus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1972 [2]
Sphyraena chrysotaenia Actinopterygii: Sphyraenidae 1930 [1]
Sphyraena flavicauda Actinopterygii: Sphyraenidae 1992
Spratelloides delicatulus Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1978
Stephanolepis diaspros Actinopterygii: Monacanthidae 1927 [1]
Synalpheus hululensis Crustacea: Alpheidae 1964 [2]
Terapon puta Actinopterygii: Terapontidae 1976
Tetrosomus gibbosus Actinopterygii: Ostraciidae 1988
Thalamita poissonii Crustacea: Portunidae 1958 [2]
Trachysalambria curvirostris Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [2]
Trochus erithreus Mollusca: Trochidae [4]
Tylerius spinosissimus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 2005 [27]
Tylosurus choram Actinopterygii: Belonidae 1963
Upeneus moluccensis Actinopterygii: Mullidae 1947 [1]
Upeneus pori Actinopterygii: Mullidae 1950 [1]
Vanitrochus holdsworthiana Mollusca: Trochidae [4]
Zafra savignyi Mollusca: Columbellidae [4]

Mediterranean species to Red Sea[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Ertan Taskavak & Murat Bilecenoglu (2001). "Length–weight relationships for 18 Lessepsian (Red Sea) immigrant fish species from the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81 (5): 895–896. doi:10.1017/S0025315401004805. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Gilberto Rodríguez & Héctor Suárez (2001). "Anthropogenic dispersal of decapod crustaceans in aquatic environments". Interciencia 26 (7): 282–288. 
  3. ^ Tahir Özcan, A. Suat Ateş & Tuncer Katağan (2008). "On the presence of the snapping shrimp, Alpheus rapacida (Decapoda: Caridea) on the Aegean Sea coast of Turkey" (PDF). Marine Biodiversity Records 1: e86. doi:10.1017/S1755267207008792. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Barash, A. & Z. Danin (1973). "The Indo-Pacific species of Mollusca in the Mediterranean and notes on a collection from the Suez Canal". Israel Journal of Zoology 21 (3–4): 301–374.  Summarised at "OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database". Academy of Natural Sciences. May 17, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ L. Eryilmaz & C. Dalyan (2006). "First record of Apogon queketti Gilchrist (Osteichthyes: Apogonidae) in the Mediterranean Sea". Journal of Fish Biology 69 (4): 1251–1254. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01185.x. 
  6. ^ Giuseppe Bucciarelli, Daniel Golani & Giacomo Bernardi (2002). "Genetic cryptic species as biological invaders: the case of a Lessepsian fish migrant, the hardyhead silverside Atherinomorus lacunosus". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 273 (2): 143–149. doi:10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00138-7. 
  7. ^ Jean-Paul Trilles & Michel Bariche (2009). "First record of the Indo-Pacific Cymothoa indica (Crustacea, Isopoda, Cymothoidae), a Lessepsian species in the Mediterranean Sea". Acta Parasitologica 51 (3): 223–230. doi:10.2478/s11686-006-0035-3. 
  8. ^ John E. Randall (1995). Coastal Fishes of Oman. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824818081. 
  9. ^ a b Bella S. Galil (1997). "Two Lessepsian migrant decapods new to the coast of Israel". Crustaceana 70 (1): 111–114. doi:10.1163/156854097x00393. JSTOR 20105834. 
  10. ^ Tuba Terbiyik, Cem Cevik, Benin Toklu-Alicli & Ercan Sarihan (2007). "First record of Ferosagitta galerita (Dallot, 1971) [Chaetognatha] in the Mediterranean Sea". Journal of Plankton Research 29 (8): 729–726. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbm053. 
  11. ^ M. Corsini, G. Kondilatos, & P. S. Economidis (2002). "Lessepsian migrant Fistularia commersonii from the Rhodes marine area". Journal of Fish Biology 61 (4): 1061–1062. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2002.tb01865.x. 
  12. ^ Bilal Öztürk & Jean-Maurice Poutiers (2005). "Fulvia fragilis (Bivalvia: Cardiidae): a lessepsian mollusc species from Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea)". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 85 (2): 351–356. doi:10.1017/S0025315405011252h. 
  13. ^ Fabricio Serena (2005). Field Identification Guide to the Sharks and Rays of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. 
  14. ^ D. Golani & M. Fine (2002). "On the occurrence of Hippocampus fuscus in the eastern Mediterranean". Journal of Fish Biology 60 (3): 764–766. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2002.tb01700.x. 
  15. ^ O. Akyol, V. Ünal, T. Ceyhan & M. Bilecenoglu (2005). "First confirmed record of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in the Mediterranean Sea". Journal of Fish Biology 66 (4): 1183–1186. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00667.x. 
  16. ^ M. E. Çinar, Z. Ergen & E. Dagli (2002). "Occurrence of the lessepsian species Leonnates persicus (Polychaeta: Nereididae) in Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 82 (5): 811–815. doi:10.1017/S0025315402006173. 
  17. ^ B. S. Galil (November 6, 2006). "Marsupenaeus japonicus" (PDF). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  18. ^ B. S. Galil & D. Golani (1990). "Two new migrant decapods from the eastern Mediterranean" (PDF). Crustaceana 58 (3): 229–236. doi:10.1163/156854090x00147. 
  19. ^ D. Golani & O. Sonin (2006). "The Japanese threadfin bream Nemipterus japonicus, a new Indo-Pacific fish in the Mediterranean Sea". Journal of Fish Biology 68 (3): 940–943. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2006.00961.x. 
  20. ^ S. Lelli, F. Colloca, P. Carpentieri & B. C. Russell (2008). "The threadfin bream Nemipterus randalli (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea". Journal of Fish Biology 73 (3): 740–745. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01962.x. 
  21. ^ Jakov Dulčić, Ivan Jardas, Armin Pallaoro & Lovrenc Lipej (2004). "On the validity of the record of silver pomfret Pampus argenteus (Stromateidae) from the Adriatic Sea" (PDF). Cybium 28 (1): 69–71. 
  22. ^ Daniel Golani (2002). "The Indo-Pacific striped eel catfish, Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg, 1787), (Osteichtyes: Siluriformes) a new record from the Mediterranean" (PDF). Scientia Marina 66 (3): 321–323. doi:10.3989/scimar.2002.66n3321. 
  23. ^ B. S. Galil (November 5, 2006). "Rhopilema nomadica" (PDF). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Retrieved July 29, 2012. 
  24. ^ M. Ben-Yami & T. Glaser (1974). "The invasion of Saurida undosquamis (Richardson) into the Levant Basin – an example of biological effect of interoceanic canals" (PDF). Fishery Bulletin 72 (2): 359–373. 
  25. ^ M. Bariche & M. Saad (2005). "Settlement of the lessepsian blue-barred parrotfish Scarus ghobban (Teleostei: Scaridae) in the eastern Mediterranean". JMBA2 - Biodiversity Records 1. doi:10.1017/S1755267205000497. 
  26. ^ E. Lefkaditou, M. Corsini-Foka, & G. Kondilatos (2009). "Description of the first Lessepsian squid migrant, Sepioteuthis lessoniana (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae), in the Aegean Sea (Eastern Mediterranean)". Mediterranean Marine Science (Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR)) 10/2: 87–97. ISSN 1791-6763. 
  27. ^ Maria Corsini, Panagiotis Margies, Gerasimos Kondilatos & Panos S. Economidis (2005). "Lessepsian migration of fishes to the Aegean Sea : First record of Tylerius spinosissimus (Tetraodontidae) from the Mediterranean, and six more fish records from Rhodes". Cybium (in French) 29 (4): 347–354. 

General references[edit]

  • Dulcic, J. and A. Pallaoro (2003). Lessepsian Fish Migrants Reported in the East Adriatic Sea: An Annotated List, Ser. hist. nat..
  • Golani, D. (1998). Impact of Red Sea Fish Migrants through the Suez Canal on the Aquatic Environment of the Eastern Mediterranean, Yale FE&S Bulletin 103.
  • Tortonese, E. (1966). Echinoderms from the coast of Lebanon. Misc Pap Nat Sci Am Univ Beirut 5:2–5.

External links[edit]