Comparison of Linux distributions

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Technical variations of Linux distributions include support for different hardware devices and systems or software package configurations. Organizational differences may be motivated by historical reasons. Other criteria include security, including how quickly security upgrades are available; ease of package management; and number of packages available.

These tables compare each noteworthy distribution's latest stable release on wide-ranging objective criteria. It does not cover each operating system's subjective merits, branches marked as unstable or beta, nor compare Linux distributions with other operating systems.


Basic general information about the distributions: creator or producer, release date, latest version, and such.

Distribution Creator Producer First public release Base distribution Latest release date Purpose Cost
64 OS Daniel James and Free Ekanayaka 64 OS Ltd. 2005 Debian 2008 multimedia Free
Alinex Alinex Team and University of Évora Alinex Team and University of Évora 2005 Debian, Ubuntu 2008 general Free
aLinux Jay Klepacs Jay Klepacs 2001 Red Hat Linux 2010 desktop Free
Twist Linux Twist Linux Team Twist Linux Team 2006 none 2011 network Free
ALT Linux ALT Linux Team ALT Linux Team, ALT Linux LLC 2001 Mandriva Linux 2011 general, school Free
Annvix Vincent Danen Vincent Danen 2003 Mandriva Linux 2007 server Free
antiX Anticapitalista Anticapitalista ? Debian - MEPIS 2011 old computers Free
ArchBang Stan McLaren 2010 Arch Linux 2012, rolling general Free
Arch Linux Judd Vinet dev team 2002 none 2012, rolling general Free
BackTrack Max Moser, Mati Aharoni, Martin J. Muench Remote-Exploit 2006 Debian 2012 auditing, forensic, security, network Free
BLAG Linux and GNU Brixton Linux Action Group Brixton Linux Action Group 2002 Fedora 2011 desktop Free
Bharat Operating System Solutions Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) C-DAC 2007 Debian 2011 general, server, education, netbooks, live Free
Bodhi Linux Bodhi Linux Team Bodhi Linux Team 2011 Debian, Ubuntu 2013 desktop Free
Caixa Mágica Daniel Neves, José Guimarães, Paulo Trezentos Caixa Mágica Software 2000 Debian 2012 general Free
CentOS CentOS Project CentOS Project 2003 Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 2012 server, workstation Free
Chakra Jan Mette and Arch Linux KDEmod developers The Chakra Project Team 2010 Indpendent (originally forked from Arch Linux) 2013, half-rolling desktop Free
Google Chrome OS Google Google 2009 Debian[1] 2011, rolling netbooks ?
ClearOS Peter Baldwin ClearFoundation 2000 RHEL, CentOS 2012 server, gateway, network Free
CrunchBang Linux Philip Newborough Philip Newborough 2008 Debian 2011 desktop Free
CRUX Per Liden CRUX Linux community 2001 none 2012 general Free
Damn Small Linux John Andrews dev team 2003 Debian, Knoppix 2008 portable, lightweight Free
Debian Ian Murdock Debian Project 1993 none 2012 general Free
Debox Gnu/Linux MFD2HDx Debox Project 2014 Debian 2014 general,portable, lightweight Free
DeLi Linux Henry Jensen Henry Jensen 2002 none 2008 desktop Free
DidJiX lacsaP lacsaP 2011 Arch Linux 2013 portable, dj Free
dyne:bolic Jaromil Jaromil 2001 none 2007 multimedia Free
EasyPeasy Jon Ramvi, EasyPeasy community Jon Ramvi, EasyPeasy community 2008 Debian, Ubuntu 2010 netbooks Free
ELinOS SYSGO SYSGO 1999 none 2010 embedded systems ?
Elive Thanatermesis Thanatermesis 2005 Debian 2010 desktop Free
EnGarde Secure Linux Guardian Digital, Inc. Guardian Digital, Inc. 2001 none 2008 server Free
Fedora Fedora Project Fedora Project 2003 Red Hat Linux 2013 general Free
Finnix Ryan Finnie Ryan Finnie 2000 Debian 2011 maintenance Free
Foresight Linux Ken VanDine dev team 2004 rPath 2009, rolling general Free
Freespire, Inc. Linspire, Inc. 2002 Debian 2007 desktop Free
Frugalware Miklos Vajna dev team 2004 Slackware 2011, rolling general Free
Gentoo Linux Daniel Robbins Gentoo Foundation, Inc. 2002 none 2012, rolling general Free
gNewSense Brian Brazil and Paul O'Malley dev team 2006 Debian, Ubuntu 2009 desktop Free
Gnoppix Klaus Knopper dev team 2005 Debian, Knoppix 2005 live Free
gnuLinEx Regional Government of Extremadura dev team 2002 Debian 2006 desktop ?
GoboLinux Hisham Muhammad, Andre Detsch dev team 2002 none 2008 desktop Free
gOS Good OS LLC Good OS LLC 2007 Debian, Ubuntu 2009 desktop Free
Grml Michael Prokop The Grml Team 2005 Debian 2012 live, maintenance, security, network, forensic, accessibility Free
Impi Linux Gauteng Linux Users Group Impi Linux (Pty) Ltd. 2003 Debian 2006 desktop Free
Instant WebKiosk Marco Buratto Binary Emotions 2012 Debian 2012 web kiosks, digital signage Free
Kali Linux Max Moser, Mati Aharoni, Martin J. Muench Remote-Exploit 2013 Debian 2013 auditing, forensic, security, network Free
Kanotix Jörg Schirottke (Kano) dev team 2003 Debian, Knoppix 2010 desktop, live Free
Knoppix Klaus Knopper dev team 2003 Debian 2012 live Free
KnoppMyth Cecil Watson dev team 2004 Debian, Knoppix 2009 desktop, live Free
Kuki Linux João Ferro kuki bakers 2008 Debian, Ubuntu 2009 netbooks Free
Kurumin Carlos Morimoto GuiadoHardware 2003 Debian, Knoppix 2008 desktop, live Free
Linux Mint Clement Lefebvre dev team 2006 Debian, Ubuntu 2013 desktop Free
Lunar Linux Chuck Mead, Lunar Penguin Project 2002 Sorcerer 2007 general ?
Mageia Mageia Community 2010 Mandriva Linux 2012 general Free
Mandriva Linux Mandrakesoft S.A. Mandriva S.A. 1998 Red Hat Linux 2011 general ?
MEPIS Warren Woodford MEPIS LLC 2003 Debian 2010 desktop, server Free
MintPPC Jeroen Diederen Jeroen Diederen 2010 Debian 2011 desktop ?
MontaVista Linux MontaVista Software MontaVista Software 1999 Debian 2007 embedded systems No
Musix GNU/Linux Marcos Guglielmetti dev team 2008 Debian, Knoppix, Kanotix 2009 audio ?
Netrunner Blue Systems dev team 2009 Debian, Ubuntu, Kubuntu 2012 desktop, kde Free
Network Security Toolkit Ronald W. Henderson, Paul Blankenbaker dev team 2003 Fedora 2012 network, security ?
NimbleX Bogdan Radulescu Bogdan Radulescu 2005 Slackware 2008 desktop Free
Nitix Net Integration Technologies, Inc. Net Integration Technologies, Inc. 2001 none 2007 server ?
Novell Open Enterprise Server Novell Novell, Inc. dev team 2003 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 2009 server ?
openSUSE SUSE Linux, Novell Novell, Inc., openSUSE Project 1994 SUSE Linux 2013[2] general Free
OpenWrt ? OpenWrt team 2007 none 2010 embedded systems ?
Oracle Linux Oracle Corporation Oracle Corporation 2006 Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 2012 server Free
Pardus Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) TÜBİTAK 2005 none 2011 general Yes
Parsix Alan Baghumian Parsix Project 2005 Debian 2013 desktop Yes
PCLinuxOS Bill Reynolds dev team 2003 PCLinuxOS 2012[3] desktop Free
Pentoo Michael Zanetta, Rick Farina, Jens Pranaitis Pentoo 2005 Gentoo Linux 2009 auditing, security ?
Porteus Fanthom Porteus 2010 Slackware 2010 lightweight, portable Free
Puppy Linux Barry Kauler Puppy Foundation 2003 none 2012 portable, lightweight Free
Qubes OS Joanna Rutkowska Invisible Things Lab 2012 Xen and Fedora 2012 secured desktop Free
Red Flag Linux Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences, NewMargin Venture Capital Red Flag Software Co., Ltd. 1999 Red Hat Linux 2009 general Free
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) Red Hat Red Hat 2002 Red Hat Linux, Fedora 2011 server, workstation No
Red Hat Linux Red Hat Red Hat 1995 none 2003 server, workstation Yes
Rocks Cluster Distribution UCSD Supercomputing Center, Clustercorp UCSD Supercomputing Center, Clustercorp 2000 Red Hat Linux 2009 server, workstation ?
Rxart Pixart SRL Pixart SRL 2000 Debian 2006 general ?
Sabayon Linux lxnay Design dev team 2005 Gentoo Linux 2012, rolling general Free
Scientific Linux CERN, Fermilab dev team 2004 Red Hat Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 2012 server, workstation Free
SHR Bobby Martin SHR community 2008 OpenEmbedded Rolling embedded systems ?
aptosid sidux team sidux team 2007 Debian Sid 2009 desktop Free
Salix OS Cyrille Pontvieux, George Vlahavas, Pierrick Le Brun, Thorsten Mühlfelder Salix team 2009 Slackware 2012 general Free
Slackware Patrick Volkerding dev team 1993 Softlanding Linux System 2012 general Free
Slax Tomas Matejicek Tomas Matejicek 2002 Slackware 2013 live Free
SliTaz GNU/Linux Christophe Lincoln dev team 2008 none 2012 portable ?
Source Mage GNU/Linux Ryan Abrams, Eric Schabell dev team 2002 Sorcerer 2009 general ?
Super OS hacktolive hacktolive 2008 Debian, Ubuntu 2011 general, offline use ?
SUSE Linux SUSE Linux, Novell Novell, Inc. dev team 1994 Slackware, Jurix 2010 workstation, server ?
Symphony OS Ryan Quinn Ryan Quinn, Jason Spisak 2005 Debian 2008 desktop ?
SYS W.Landgraf W.Landgraf 2007 Slackware 2010 general ?
Tiny Core Linux Robert Shingledecker Team Tiny Core 2009 Tiny Core Linux 2012 portable Free
Tor-ramdisk Anthony G. Basile dev team 2008 Gentoo Linux Embedded, uClibc[4] 2011 Tor server ?
Trustix Comodo Group, Inc. Comodo Group, Inc. 2000 Red Hat Linux 2007 server ?
Ubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2004 Debian 2013 general Free
Kubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2005 Debian 2013 desktop Free
Xubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2006 Debian 2013 desktop Free
Edubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2005 Debian 2013 computer lab Free
Gobuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2007 Debian 2008 desktop ?
Ubuntu OS Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2007 Debian 2011 multimedia Free
Ututo Diego Saravia, Daniel Olivera UTUTO dev team 2000 Gentoo Linux 2012 general Free
VectorLinux Robert S. Lange dev team 1999 Slackware 2012 desktop ?
Wolvix Wolven Wolven 2007 Slackware 2009 desktop ?
Xandros Xandros Corp. Xandros, Inc. 2002 Corel Linux 2007 desktop No
XBMC The XBMC Project Team-XBMC 2008 Debian, Ubuntu 2011 multimedia Free
Yellow Dog Linux Terra Soft Solutions Fixstars Solutions 1999 RHEL, CentOS, Fedora 2009 general Free
Yoper Andreas Giradet The Yoper Team 2003 none 2010 general ?
Zentyal eBox Technologies eBox Technologies 2005 Debian, Ubuntu 2012 Small Business Server ?
Zenwalk Jean-Philippe Guillemin dev team 2004 Slackware 2011 general ?
Distribution Creator Producer First public release Base distribution Latest release date Purpose


The following distributions are available for free (without cost):

The following distributions are in several editions, some that cost money and some that don't: ClearOS, Mandriva Linux, MEPIS, Red Flag Linux and Zentyal.

The following distributions cost money: Novell Open Enterprise Server,[5] Red Hat Enterprise Linux,[6][7] Rxart,[8] SUSE Linux Enterprise,[9]

The following distribution had at least one version that used to cost money: Caixa Mágica (now freely available), Elive (now freely available), Xandros (discontinued), Linspire[10] (discontinued)


The following table shows the default file system, but many Linux distributions support some or all of ext2, ext3, ext4, ReiserFS, Reiser4, JFS, XFS, GFS2, OCFS2, and NILFS. It is possible to install Linux onto most of these file systems. The ext file systems, namely ext2, ext3, and ext4 are based on the original Linux file system. File systems have been developed by companies to meet their specific needs, and by hobbyists, or adapted from Unix, Microsoft Windows, and other operating systems. Linux has full support for XFS and JFS, FAT (the DOS file system), and HFS, the main file system for the Macintosh. Support for Microsoft Windows NT's NTFS file system has appeared, and is now comparable to the support available for other native Unix file systems. CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs' ISO 9660 and Universal Disk Format (UDF) are supported. Unlike other operating systems, Linux and Unix allow any file system regardless of the medium it is stored on, whether that medium is a magnetic disk, an optical disk (CD, DVD, etc.), a USB flash memory key, or even contained within a file located on another file system.

Similarly, many C-compilers (mainly GNU Compiler Collection (GCC)), desktop environments and window managers are widely supported.

Distribution Default file system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection
Alinex ext3 GNOME
aLinux none KDE Plasma Workspaces
ALT Linux ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce
Annvix none ?
aptosid ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Arch Linux none[11] none
Asianux ext3 K Desktop Environment 3
BackTrack ext3 GNOME/KDE (Decided on download)
BLAG Linux and GNU ext3 GNOME
Bodhi ext4 Enlightenment
Caixa Mágica ? ?
CentOS ext3 GNOME
Chakra ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
ClearOS ext3 GNOME
CrunchBang Linux ext3 Openbox or Xfce
CRUX none Openbox
Damn Small Linux ext3 JWM
Debian ext4 GNOME, KDE, Xfce, LXDE[12]
DeLi Linux ext3/ext2 IceWM
Dreamlinux ext3[13] Xfce
dyne:bolic SquashFS, ext3 Xfce
EasyPeasy ext3 GNOME, Ubuntu Netbook Edition
Elive SquashFS, ReiserFS Enlightenment
EnGarde Secure Linux ext3 none
Fedora ext4 GNOME
Finnix SquashFS none
Foresight Linux ext3 GNOME
Frugalware none KDE Plasma Workspaces
Gentoo none Awesome, Enlightenment, Fluxbox, GNOME, KDE, LXDE-Meta, Openbox, XBMC and Xfce (live DVD)[14]
gnuLinEx ext2 GNOME
GoboLinux ReiserFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
gNewSense ext3 GNOME
Impi Linux ? KDE Plasma Workspaces
Instant WebKiosk SquashFS Has no DE. It's a browser-only interface
Kali Linux ext3 GNOME
Kanotix ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
KateOS ? Xfce
Knoppix XFS LXDE
Kurumin ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Linspire ReiserFS K Desktop Environment 3
Linux Mint[15] ext4 MATE, Cinnamon
Lunar Linux none none
Mageia ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME
Mandriva Linux ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
MEPIS ext3, ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
MintPPC ext3, ext4 LXDE
Musix GNU/Linux ? IceWM
Network Security Toolkit ext4 GNOME, Fluxbox
NimbleX SquashFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
Nitix ReiserFS none
openSUSE ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, Xfce
OpenWrt mini_fo+SquashFS/JFFS2[16] none
Pardus ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Parsix ext4 GNOME
PCLinuxOS none KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce, Enlightenment, Openbox
Pentoo SquashFS Enlightenment
Porteus Squashfs, ext2, ext3, ext4, FAT32, reiser, xfs KDE, LXDE, Xfce, Openbox, Razor-qt
Puppy Linux SquashFS containing ext2 JWM
Red Flag Linux ext3 K Desktop Environment 3
Red Hat Enterprise Linux ext4 [17] GNOME
Rxart Desktop ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Sabayon Linux ext4[18] KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME
Scientific Linux ext3 GNOME
SHR ext3, JFFS2, UBIFS Enlightenment's Illume 2
Slackware ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce, Fluxbox, Blackbox, twm
Slax SquashFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
SliTaz GNU/Linux ext3 Openbox
Source Mage GNU/Linux ext2 none
Super OS ext4 Unity with fallback to GNOME 2.x
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop ext3 GNOME
Symphony OS ReiserFS Mezzo
SYS ext3 KDE SC, GNOME, Xfce (selectable in kdm)
Tor-ramdisk ext2 none
Ubuntu/Edubuntu ext4 [19] Unity on GNOME, Unity 2D for fallback
Kubuntu ext4[19] KDE Plasma Workspaces
Xubuntu ext4[19] Xfce
Ututo ext3 GNOME
VectorLinux ReiserFS KDE, Openbox, Fluxbox, IceWM, Xfce
Wolvix ext3 Xfce, Openbox
Xandros Desktop ReiserFS K Desktop Environment 3
XBMC Live ext3 XBMC Media Center
Yellow Dog Linux ? Enlightenment
Yoper ext3 KDE SC
Zentyal ext4 LXDE
Zenwalk ext4 Xfce
Distribution Default file system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection

Architecture support[edit]

Most Linux distributions support the x86 architecture and its evolution the x86-64 architecture. This table lists only distributions supporting other architectures.

Distribution x86 x86-64 ia64 ppc[20] ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 arm hppa[21] mips[22] sh s390 s390x alpha[23] m68k[24]
Arch Linux Yes (>=i686) Yes No Yes[25] No No No Yes[26] No No No No No No No
Asianux Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No
BackTrack Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Bodhi Linux Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
CentOS Yes Yes Discontinued
No Beta
No No No No No Discontinued
Chakra No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
CRUX Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
Debian[32] Yes Yes
Yes Yes
Yes Yes
In progress Yes
In progress Discontinued
Fedora[34] Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes[35] No No No No Yes No No
Finnix Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Frugalware Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
Gentoo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[36] Yes Yes[37][38] Yes Yes Yes Yes No
GoboLinux[39] Yes No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Kali Linux Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
MEPIS Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
MintPPC No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No
OES2-Linux Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No Yes No No No
openSUSE[40] Yes Yes No Yes Yes No partial[41] partial[42] No No No No No No No
OpenWrt[43] Yes No No Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Oracle Linux[44] Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Red Flag Linux Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
Red Hat Linux[45] Yes No Discontinued
Test release
No Discontinued
Test release
No No Test release
No Discontinued
Test release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux[47] Yes Yes
No No No No No No Discontinued
No No
Rxart Desktop Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Porteus Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Scientific Linux Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
SHR No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Slackware Yes Yes No No No Discontinued
No Yes No No No Yes Yes Discontinued
Source Mage GNU/Linux Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server[52] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No
Tor-ramdisk Yes Yes[53] No No No No No No No Yes[54] No No No No No
Ubuntu/Kubuntu/Xubuntu/Lubuntu Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No
XBMC Yes No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Yellow Dog Linux No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Distribution x86 x86-64 ia64 ppc ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 arm hppa mips sh s390 s390x alpha m68k

Package management and installation[edit]

Information on features in the distributions. Package numbers are only approximate (some distributions like Ubuntu tend to separate tools into different packages (usually stable release, development release, documentation and debug).

Distribution Approximate number of pre-compiled packages Approximate number of source packages Default package management tools Package format Default installer Graphical installation process
Alinex 20,300 APT .deb Yes
aLinux 1,200 RPM RPM No
ALT Linux 8,300[55] APT (APT-RPM), RPM RPM Yes
Arch Linux 10,162[56] ABS: 10,162, AUR: 40,234[57] Pacman .pkg.tar.xz None (install scripts only) No
Asianux mlupdater, RPM RPM Yes
BLAG 10,000[58] RPM, yum, APT RPM Yes
Bodhi Linux 35,000 APT, dpkg .deb Ubiquity Yes
Caixa Mágica 16,000 urpmi, APT (APT-RPM) RPM Yes
CentOS 1,660 RPM, yum/up2date RPM Yes
Chakra 3,074[59] CCR: 3,189[60] Pacman (will be replaced by Akabei in future), Bundle Manager .pkg.tar.xz Bundle manager, yes. Package manager in development
ClearOS RPM, yum RPM No
CrunchBang Linux 23,000 APT .deb Yes
CRUX 1,155 pkgutils tgz No
Damn Small Linux 610 myDSL, APT .dsl, .tar.gz, .uci, .unc, .deb No
Debian 37,000[61] 14,975 APT .deb Debian-Installer Yes
DeLi Linux 150 No
Dreamlinux 23,000 APT .deb Yes
dyne:bolic none none Yes
Elive 20,000 APT .deb Yes
EnGarde Secure Linux 500 RPM, APT RPM
Fedora 22,000 yum, PackageKit RPM Anaconda Yes
Finnix 350 APT .deb No
Foresight Linux 7,000 Conary, PackageKit[62] Yes
Frugalware 6,132[63] 73 Pacman .fpm Yes
Gentoo 15,691 31,136[64] Portage ebuild Yes[65]
gnuLinEx 200 APT .deb Yes
GoboLinux 2,000 Manager,[66] Compile, InstallPackage recipes, tar.bz2 Yes
Impi Linux No
Kanotix 1,200 APT .deb Yes
KateOS TGZex tgz Yes
Knoppix 3,600 APT .deb No
Kurumin APT .deb Yes
Linspire 2,200 CNR click and run .deb Yes
Linux Mint 30,000 APT .deb Ubiquity Yes
Lunar 3,120 lin source Yes
Mageia 17,283 (i586), 11,409 (x86-64)[67] 8,834[68] urpmi, rpmdrake RPM DrakX Yes
Mandriva Linux 22,600 urpmi, rpmdrake[69] RPM DrakX Yes
MEPIS 20,000 APT .deb MEPIS Install Yes
MintPPC 23,200 12,123 APT .deb Debian-Installer No
Musix GNU/Linux 1,300 APT .deb Yes
Mythbuntu 35,000[70] APT .deb Ubiquity
Network Security Toolkit 8,280 8,280 yum RPM Anaconda Yes
NimbleX 500 none tgz No
Nitix SoftUpdate, yum RPM Yes
openSUSE 40,400 25,000[71] YaST, Zypper RPM YaST Yes
OpenWrt 2,000 opkg .ipk - No
Pardus 4,000 PiSi .pisi YALI Yes
Parsix 29,000 14,900 APT .deb Yes
PCLinuxOS 12,000 APT, RPM RPM Yes
Puppy 700 PupGet, DotPup .pup, .pet Yes
Red Flag Red Flag Installer System, RPM RPM Yes
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3,000 RPM, yum RPM Yes
Rxart 5,000 APT .deb Yes
Sabayon Linux 12,000 Portage, Entropy ebuild Yes
Scientific APT/yum RPM Yes
SHR 3,000 3,000 opkg opk opkg Yes[72]
sidux 23,000 APT .deb Yes
Slackware 2,292 installpkg, upgradepkg tgz, .txz, .tlz, .tbz No
Slax 2,050 none .lzm
SliTaz GNU/Linux 2,300 Tazpkg .tazpkg Yes
Source Mage GNU/Linux 5,514 Sorcery Package Manager src Yes
Super OS APT .deb Ubiquity Yes
SUSE Linux 22,600 10,300[71] YaST, Zypper RPM YaST Yes
Symphony OS APT, OneClick RPM Yes
SYS 6,000 installpkg, upgradepkg tgz No
Tiny Core Linux 25,160 ab, tce-load tcz tc-install, core2usb Yes
Tiny SliTaz 50 Web site[73] none No
Tor-ramdisk none none No
Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu 47,595[70] APT .deb Ubiquity Yes
Ututo 5,000 UTUTO Package Manager ebuild
Vector Linux slapt-get, gslapt, installpkg tgz Yes
Wolvix installpkg, upgradepkg tgz, .txz Yes
Xandros Desktop APT .deb Yes
XBMC Live APT .deb No
Yoper 2,000 Smart RPM No
Zentyal APT .deb dpkg Yes
Zenwalk 2,000 netpkg, installpkg, upgradepkg tgz, txz Yes
Distribution Approximate number of packages Approximate number of source packages Default package management tools Package format Default installer Graphical installation process

Live media[edit]

Distribution Size (MB) RAM use (MB) Boots from CD Boots from DVD Installable live CD/DVD Installable from USB
ALT Linux Desktop or Lite 700 Yes Yes No
Arch Linux 181 to 673[74] Yes Yes Yes Yes
AUSTRUMI Linux 50 Yes Yes
BackTrack 1,910 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bodhi Linux 500 80 Yes Yes Yes Yes
CentOS 700 to 3,400 DVD Yes Yes Officially not supported[75]
Chakra 1,600 No Yes Yes No
ClearOS 700 Yes No
CrunchBang Linux 873 256 to 1024 No Yes Yes Yes
Damn Small Linux 50 16 to 24[76] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Debian Live 50 to 5,120 Yes Yes Yes Yes
DidJiX 300 Yes Yes
Dreamlinux 700 Yes Yes
dyne:bolic 650 Yes Yes
Elive 700 Yes Yes
Feather Linux 128 48 to 96 Yes Yes
live CD
683 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Finnix 100 to 130 28 to 64 Yes Yes No
Freespire 700 128 to 768 Yes No Yes
Gentoo 100 up to 128 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Grml 110 to 700 32 to 128 Yes No Yes Yes
Inquisitor live CD 210 96 Yes Yes Yes
Kali Linux 2,400 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kanotix 700 Yes Yes
Knoppix CD
700 128 to 320 Yes Yes Only DVD edition is maintained
Knoppix DVD
"Maxi" edition
4,812.8 No Yes
Knoppix STD 497 Yes Yes No longer updated
Gnoppix 4,812.8 No Yes No longer updated
gOS 700 Yes Yes Yes
Linux Mint 700 256 to 768 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Lunar Linux 421 Yes Yes Yes Yes[77]
Mandriva Linux One 700 128 to 768 Yes Yes Yes Yes
MEPIS 700 to 4,000 128 to 512 Yes Yes Yes Yes
MCNLive 350 Yes Yes
Micro Core Linux ≈8 ≈48 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Musix GNU/Linux 700 Yes Yes Yes
Network Security Toolkit
live CD/DVD
483 to 1,300 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
NimbleX 200 96 to 320 Yes Yes Yes Yes
nUbuntu 265 Yes Yes
openGEU 700 192 to 512 Yes Yes
openSUSE 700 128 to 768 Yes Yes Yes Yes
OpenWrt min 4 min 16 No No No No
Oralux 500 Yes Yes No longer updated
Pardus 1,256 to 1,276 256 to 1,024 Yes Yes Yes Yes
PCLinuxOS 130 to 700 96 to 512 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pentoo 666 and 700 48 to 96 Yes Yes By hand[78] By hand
Puppy Linux (standard edition) 128 32 to 192 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Puredyne 542 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sabayon Linux live CD 695 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sabayon Linux live DVD 2,400 No Yes Yes Yes
Scientific Linux 431 to 2,300[79] 640 Yes Yes Yes Yes
sidux 400 to 1,999 193 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slax 200 96 to 320 Yes Yes Yes
Super OS 1,200 No Yes Yes Yes
SystemRescueCD 160 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tiny Core Linux ≈10 ≈48 Yes Yes Yes Yes
SliTaz GNU/Linux 30 16 to 192 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tiny SliTaz 1.44 ≈8 Yes Yes By SliTaz By SliTaz
Tor-ramdisk 5 256 or >[80] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Trinity Rescue Kit 104 Yes Yes
Ubuntu 700 384 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Edubuntu 700 Yes Yes Yes
Kubuntu 700 384 Yes Yes Yes Yes
XBMC Live 700 256 to 1,024 Yes No Yes Yes
Zentyal 600 256 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Xubuntu 700 256 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Distribution Size (MB) RAM use (MB) Boots from CD Boots from DVD Installable live CD/DVD Installable from USB

Security features[edit]

Distribution Compile time buffer checks Mandatory access control Software executable space protection grsecurity RSBAC
Debian/Ubuntu Yes SELinux,[81] AppArmor PaX Optional Optional
Fedora Yes SELinux[82] Exec Shield[83] No No
Gentoo[84] Optional SELinux PaX Optional Optional
Mandriva Unknown AppArmor[85] Unknown Unknown Yes
SUSE Linux Yes AppArmor[86] Hardware NX and other methods in mainline kernel and toolchain[87] No No
Tor-ramdisk Unknown Unknown PaX Yes No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ChromeOS Open Sourced
  2. ^ Poortvliet, Jos. "openSUSE 12.3 – Awesome as 1-2-3". openSUSE News. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "LXDE Desktop". Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Building Tor-ramdisk from scratch: Obtain a working UCLIBC Based Linux System". Retrieved 2011-04-15. 
  5. ^ How to Buy: Novell Open Enterprise Server 2
  6. ^ | Red Hat Enterprise Linux
  7. ^ | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop Operating Systems
  8. ^ Linux- RXART- Soluciones Linux - Linux Solutions
  9. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise Operating Systems from Novell
  10. ^ - Products
  11. ^ Official Arch Linux Install Guide: Set Filesystem Mountpoints
  12. ^ "Index of /debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-cd". 
  13. ^ " Dreamlinux". 
  14. ^ Abbott, David. "Gentoo Linux releases 11.2 LiveDVD". Gentoo Linux. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Red Hat 6 ext4 documentation". 
  18. ^
  19. ^ a b c "Ubuntu 10.10 Release Notes". 
  20. ^
  21. ^ PA-RISC Linux
  22. ^ LinuxMIPS
  23. ^ AlphaLinux
  24. ^ The Linux/m68k Home Pages
  25. ^ Arch Linux PPC project
  26. ^ Arch Linux ARM
  27. ^ a b c d e Pasi Pirhonen (2005-10-13). "CentOS-4.2 is Released for i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x and alpha architectures". CentOS-announce mailing list.
  28. ^ Pasi Pirhonen (2006-05-24). "EOL notice for CentOS-4/sparc beta release". CentOS-announce mailing list.
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  51. ^ Slackware Linux for the Alpha
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External links[edit]