List of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers

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The following is a list of Lords Chancellor, Lords Keeper of the Great Seal and Commissioners entrusted with Parliament's Great Seal of England and Great Britain.

Lords Chancellor and Lords Keeper of England, 1068–1707[edit]

11th century[edit]

12th century[edit]

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

Early 17th century[edit]

Civil War and Interregnum – Commissioners entrusted with Parliament's Great Seal [1][edit]

Charles II[edit]

James II and beyond[edit]

Lord High Chancellors and Lord Keepers of Great Britain, 1707–2005[edit]

Image Name Term (From – To)
William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg The Lord Cowper 1707–1710[2]
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1710
1stViscountHarcourt.jpg Sir Simon Harcourt (later Lord Harcourt) (Lord Keeper to 1713) 1710–1714
William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg The Lord Cowper 1714–1718
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1718
Thomas Parker, 1st Earl of Macclesfield by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg The Lord Parker (later Earl of Macclesfield) 1718–1725
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1725
Peter King, 1st Baron King of Ockham by Daniel De Coning.jpg The Lord King 1725–1733
1stLordTalbot.jpg The Lord Talbot of Hensol 1733–1737
Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (1690-1764) by William Hoare of Bath.jpg The Lord Hardwicke (later Earl of Hardwicke) 1737–1756
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1756–1757
Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington by Thomas Hudson.jpg Sir Robert Henley later Lord Henley and Earl of Northington (Lord Keeper to 1761) 1757–1766
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden by Nathaniel Dance, (later Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Bt).jpg The Lord Camden 1766–1770
CharlesYorke.jpg Charles Yorke[3] 1770
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1770–1771
2ndEarlBathurst.jpg The Lord Apsley (later Earl Bathurst) 1771–1778
Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Lord Thurlow 1778–1783
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1783
Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Lord Thurlow 1783–1792
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1792–1793
1stEarlOfRosslyn.jpg The Lord Loughborough 1793–1801
John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Lord Eldon 1801–1806
Thomas Erskine by Thomas Lawrence 1802.jpg The Lord Erskine 1806–1807
John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Lord Eldon (later Earl of Eldon) 1807–1827
1stLordLyndhurst.jpg The Lord Lyndhurst 1827–1830
Henry Peter Brougham.jpg The Lord Brougham and Vaux 1830–1834
1stLordLyndhurst.jpg The Lord Lyndhurst 1834–1835
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1835–1836
Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham by Charles Robert Leslie cropped.jpg The Lord Cottenham 1836–1841
1stLordLyndhurst.jpg The Lord Lyndhurst 1841–1846
Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham by Charles Robert Leslie cropped.jpg The Lord Cottenham 1846–1850
Fond blanc.svg In Commission: 1850
Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro by Thomas Youngman Gooderson.jpg The Lord Truro 1850–1852
1stLordStLeonards.jpg The Lord St Leonards 1852
Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron Cranworth by George Richmond.jpg The Lord Cranworth 1852–1858
1st Lord Chelmsford.jpg The Lord Chelmsford 1858–1859
John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell of St Andrews by Thomas Woolnoth.jpg The Lord Campbell 1859–1861
Richard Bethell, 1st Baron Westbury by Michele Gordigiani.jpg The Lord Westbury 1861–1865
Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron Cranworth by George Richmond.jpg The Lord Cranworth 1865–1866
1st Lord Chelmsford.jpg The Lord Chelmsford 1866–1868
Hugh Cairns, 1st Earl Cairns - 1860s.jpg The Lord Cairns 1868
1stLordHatherley.jpg The Lord Hatherley 1868–1872
1stEarlOfSelborne.jpg The Lord Selborne 1872–1874
Hugh Cairns, 1st Earl Cairns - 1860s.jpg The Lord Cairns (later Earl Cairns) 1874–1880
1stEarlOfSelborne.jpg The Lord Selborne (later Earl of Selborne) 1880–1885
Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury.jpg The Lord Halsbury 1885–1886
1stLordHerschell.jpg The Lord Herschell 1886
Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury.jpg The Lord Halsbury 1886–1892
1stLordHerschell.jpg The Lord Herschell 1892–1895
Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury.jpg The Lord Halsbury (later Earl of Halsbury) 1895–1905
1stEarlLoreburn.jpg The Lord Loreburn (later Earl Loreburn) 1905–1912
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg The Viscount Haldane 1912–1915
1stViscountBuckmaster.jpg The Lord Buckmaster 1915–1916
1stViscountFinlay.jpg The Lord Finlay 1916–1919
F. E. Smith as Lord Chancellor.jpg The Lord Birkenhead (later Earl of Birkenhead) 1919–1922
1stViscountCave.jpg The Viscount Cave 1922–1924
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg The Viscount Haldane 1924
1stViscountCave.jpg The Viscount Cave 1924–1928
Hailsham1.JPG The Lord Hailsham (later Viscount Hailsham) 1928–1929
1stViscountSankey.jpg The Lord Sankey (later Viscount Sankey) 1929–1935
Hailsham1.JPG The Viscount Hailsham 1935–1938
The Lord Maugham 1938–1939
Thomas Inskip.jpg The Viscount Caldecote 1939–1940
Sir John Simon 1-3-16.jpg The Viscount Simon 1940–1945
EarlJowitt.jpg The Lord Jowitt (later Viscount Jowitt) 1945–1951
The Lord Simonds 1951–1954
David Maxwell Fyfe.jpg The Viscount Kilmuir 1954–1962
Fond blanc.svg The Lord Dilhorne 1962–1964
Fond blanc.svg The Lord Gardiner 1964–1970
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham Allan Warren.jpg The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone 1970–1974
Elwyn Jones in Romania (cropped).jpg The Lord Elwyn-Jones 1974–1979
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham Allan Warren.jpg The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone 1979–1987
Fond blanc.svg The Lord Havers 1987
James Mackay.jpg The Lord Mackay of Clashfern 1987–1997
Fond blanc.svg The Lord Irvine of Lairg 1997–2003
Charles Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, May 2009.jpg The Lord Falconer of Thoroton 2003–2007

Notes:

1: Yorke, who had been associated with the opposition, was persuaded to accept appointment as Lord Chancellor and was to have been created Baron Morden. However on meeting with his erstwhile opposition colleagues he became ashamed of his action. He refused to sign the patent conferring the peerage on himself and then committed suicide.

After the Constitutional Reform Act 2005[edit]

Image Name Term (From – To)
Jack Straw 2.jpg The Rt Hon Jack Straw MP 2007–2010
Kenneth-clarke-hi-res.jpg The Rt Hon Kenneth Clarke QC MP 2010–2012
Chris Grayling Official.jpg The Rt Hon Chris Grayling MP 2012--

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cook and Wroughton, English Historical Facts, 1603–1688, PP 8–9
  2. ^ Geoffrey Treasure, ‘Cowper, William, first Earl Cowper (1665–1723)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2009 accessed 27 March 2009
  3. ^ Yorke, who had been associated with the opposition, was persuaded to accept appointment as Lord Chancellor and was to have been created Baron Morden. However on meeting with his erstwhile opposition colleagues he became ashamed of his action. He refused to sign the patent conferring the peerage on himself and then committed suicide.
  • John Haydn and Horace Ockerby, The Book of Dignities, third edition, W.H. Allen and Co. Ltd, London 1894, reprinted Firecrest Publishing Limited, Bath 1969, p. 352–358
  • John Lord Campbell (1845) Lives of the Lords Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of England. 5th ed. (1868) London: Murray, vol. 10

External links[edit]