List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area
This is a list of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area of the city of Los Angeles, California, in the United States. There are more than 25 Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments (LAHCM) in this area, and several additional sites have been designated as California Historical Landmarks (CHL) or listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
Overview of the Harbor Area's Historic-Cultural Monuments
The Harbor Area includes some of the city's most historic sites, several of which are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Two ships located in San Pedro have also received higher distinction as National Historic Landmarks. They are the Ralph Scott, a fireboat used for several decades by the Los Angeles Fire Department, and the Lane Victory, a World War II Victory ship.
The first sites in the Harbor area to be designated as HCM monuments were both built during the Civil War on land owned by Phinneas Banning. They are HCM #21 (the Civil War era Drum Barracks) and HCM #25 (Banning House where Phinneas Banning lived until his death).
The harbor has played an important role in the area's military history. San Pedro is the site of Fort MacArthur, which was established as a military reservation in 1888, and the harbor's historic sites include a Civil War-era barracks (Drum Barracks) and powder magazine (Powder Magazine (Camp Drum)), coastal artillery batteries built during World War I (Battery Osgood-Farley and Battery John Barlow and Saxton), and the flying bridge of a World War II heavy cruiser (the USS Los Angeles).
Many of the Harbor area's historical sites have been converted to museums that are open to the public, including Banning House, Drum Barracks, the Point Fermin Lighthouse, and the old San Pedro Municipal Ferry Building which now operates as the city-owned Los Angeles Maritime Museum. The hillside overlooking the Point Fermin Lighthouse also include impressive artillery bunkers used between World War I and World War II, and the Korean Bell of Friendship, donated by the Republic of Korea for U.S. Bicentennial in 1976. Though located a short distance outside the city limits, Lloyd Wright's Wayfarers Chapel is located a short distance north of Point Fermin.
Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area
|HCM #||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|21||Drum Barracks and Officers Quarters||Jun 7, 1963||1051-1055 Cary Dr.
||Wilmington||Civil War Museum located in officers quarters built during Civil War|
|25||General Phineas Banning Residence||Oct 11, 1963||410 E. "M" St.
||Wilmington||Greek Revival house built in 1863 by Phineas Banning; purchased by city in 1927 and operated as a museum in Banning Park|
|47||Saint John's Episcopal Church||Mar 15, 1967||1537 Neptune Ave.
||Wilmington||Built in 1883, the oldest church building in the Harbor area that is still used for regular worship services; moved to its present site in 1943|
|53||Old St. Peter's Episcopal Church||Dec 6, 1967||Harbor View Memorial Park (W. 24th St. & S. Grand Ave.
||San Pedro||San Pedro's oldest church opened in 1884; moved to Harbor View Memorial Park c. 1960|
|146||Municipal Ferry Building (Maritime History Museum)||Sep 17, 1975||Main Channel (San Pedro Harbor)
||San Pedro||Streamline Moderne building opened in 1941 as terminal for ferry to Terminal Island, now the Los Angeles Maritime Museum|
|147||James H. Dodson Residence||Sep 17, 1976||859 W. 13th St.
||San Pedro||Victorian house built in 1881 by the Sepulveda family as a wedding present for their daughter Rudecinda and her husband, James Dodson; originally located at the corner of 7th and Beacon Streets|
|154||Fireboat No. 2 and Firehouse No. 112||May 5, 1976||Old Dock St.
||San Pedro||Fireboat #2 (pictured) is more commonly known as the Ralph J. Scott; Firehouse 112 was its home base.|
|155||Memory Chapel||May 5, 1976||1160 N. Marine Ave.
||Wilmington||Built in 1870, the oldest Protestant church in the Harbor area; also known as Calvary Presbyterian Church|
|171||Site of Timm's Landing (landscaped park of Fishermens Co-op)||Feb 16, 1977||Fish slip||San Pedro||Shipping center in mid-1800s; no original structures remain; at northwest end of fish slip, landscaped park in front of Fishermen's Co-op building, east of the harbor bel railroad tracks|
|186||Morgan House (Harbor Area YWCA)||Apr 19, 1978||437 W. 9th St.||San Pedro||American Craftsman style YWCA building designed by Julia Morgan, built in 1918|
|187||Korean Bell and Belfry of Friendship (Angel's Gate Park)||May 3, 1978||37th & Gaffey St.
||San Pedro||Bell donated to city by Republic of Korea for U.S. Bicentennial in 1976, designed by Kim Se-jung and patterned after bell of King Songdok|
|188||USS Los Angeles Naval Monument (John S. Gibson Jr. Park)||May 3, 1978||550 S. Harbor Blvd.
||San Pedro||Platform housing the heavy cruiser Los Angeles's mainmast, bow, anchors, bollards and anchor capstan cover, dedicated in 1977|
|213||S.S. Catalina (The Great White Steamship)||May 16, 1979||Formerly at Berth 96, L.A. Harbor
||San Pedro||Steamship that transported 25 million people to Santa Catalina Island from 1924 to 1975; foundered in Ensenada in Mexico, 1997; destroyed for scrap, 2009.|
|249||Powder Magazine (Camp Drum)||Aug 10, 1982||561 E. Opp St.
||Wilmington||Camp Drum's powder magazine during Civil War, built in 1862; 20' x 20' brick and stone structure|
|251||Juarez Theater (Warner Brothers)||Aug 25, 1982||478 W. 6th St.
||San Pedro||Art deco movie theater designed by B. Marcus Priteca, built in 1931; original murals and furnishings still there.|
|252||Harbor View House||Aug 25, 1982||921 Beacon St.
||San Pedro||Five-story Spanish Colonial Revival structure dedicated in 1926 as a recreation center for servicemen|
|253||Muller House Museum||Sep 28, 1982||1542 S. Beacon St.
||San Pedro||Colonial Revival house built in 1899 with leaded glass; moved to present location in 1985.|
|308||Wilmington Branch Library||Jun 27, 1986||309 W. Opp St.
||Wilmington||Spanish Colonial style library built in 1927; designed by Sylvanus Marston, Garrett Van Pelt and Edgar Maybury.|
|342||Masonic Temple (Wilmington, California)||Jan 22, 1988||227 N. Avalon Blvd.
||Wilmington||Renaissance Revival lodge hall; believed to be built in 1882 and moved to present location in 1912|
|414||Wilmington Cemetery||Jan 24, 1989||605 E. O St.
||Wilmington||Cemetery built in 1857 on land donated by Phineas Banning, burial site for Civil War soldiers and members of the Banning and Narbonne families|
|505||First Baptist Church of San Pedro (Facade & Stained Glass Window)||May 22, 1990||555 W. 7th St.
||San Pedro||Beaux Arts Classical church built in 1919 with Egyptian columns and fine stained glass windows; designed by Norman F. Marsh|
|509||Camphor Trees||Dec 18, 1990||1200–1268 Lakme Ave.
||Wilmington||52 camphor trees planted south of Banning House when the Banning family sold the land for subdivision in 1930|
|514||Residence at 381–383 10th Street||Jan 22, 1991||383 10th St.
||San Pedro||Colonial Revival house built in 1907 with three types of wood siding|
|515||Battery Osgood-Farley||Jan 22, 1991||3601 Gaffey St.
||San Pedro||Concrete bunker built in 1919 and used for coastal artillery defense until 1944|
|557||Wilbur F. Wood House||Apr 21, 1992||4026 Bluff Place
||San Pedro||House built by father of modern tuna packing industry, founder of "Chicken of the Sea"|
|571||Cabrillo Beach Bathhouse||Dec 18, 1993||3720 Stephen White Dr.
||San Pedro||Mediterranean style beachouse built in 1932|
|732||San Pedro Municipal Building||Oct 22, 2002||638 S. Beacon St.
||San Pedro||Also known as "San Pedro City Hall", the seven-story Beaux Arts building was completed in 1928 and is the tallest building in San Pedro; includes an old jail, a wood-paneled courtroom, and a fire station converted into a museum|
|751||Redmen's Hall||Apr 29, 2003||543 Shepard St.
||San Pedro||Craftsman-style lodge was originally a library when built in 1915; it later became the local chapter of the Improved Order of Red Men|
|814||The Danish Castle||Jul 8, 2005||324 W. 10th St.
||San Pedro||House built in the 1880s by a Danish sea captain|
|914||Avalon Boulevard Mexican Fan Palm Trees||April 8, 2008||Avalon Blvd. between E. Lomita Blvd. and W. I St.
||Wilmington||Planted for the 1932 Olympic Games, 218 Mexican Fan Palm trees.|
Non-HCM sites also recognized
The LAHCM sites listed above include many of the most important historic sites in the City of Los Angeles' port area. Some others within L.A. in the area have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the SS Lane Victory, a U.S. National Historic Landmark. These are:
|Code||Landmark name||Image||Selected date||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|2380||U.S. Post Office (San Pedro, California)||801–841 S. Beacon St.
||San Pedro||Art Deco post office built in 1936 as a WPA project, with extensive use of marble, bronze and milk glass and WPA murals depicting postal and harbor history|
|2385||Point Fermin Lighthouse||805 Paseo Del Mar
||San Pedro||Built in 1874 out of California redwood, the lighthouse is preserved as a museum with its original Fresnel Lens|
|2709||Municipal Warehouse No. 1||2500 Signal St.
||San Pedro||Six-story warehouse built in 1917 on the outermost point at the Port of Los Angeles; its roof has a commanding view of the harbor and has housed the Marine Exchange sind the 1920s|
|Battleship USS Iowa||250 South Harbor Blvd.
||San Pedro||The battleship of Presidents and only battleship located on the west coast.|
|Los Angeles Harbor Light Station||1980-10-14||Los Angeles Harbor (San Pedro Breakwater)
||San Pedro||Lighthouse firmly anchored to the concrete block and built of steel reinforced concrete; only lighthouse ever built to this design|
|American Trona Corporation Building||1984-08-30||Pacific Ave.
||San Pedro||Industrial building in San Pedro used to process and store salt potash; built ca. 1917|
|Battery John Barlow and Saxton||1982-05-04||Fort MacArthur
||San Pedro||United States coastal defense gun emplacement; part of Fort MacArthur; added to register in 1982|
|500 Varas Square-Government Reserve||1986-03-12||San Pedro||Land near the Port of Los Angeles reserved to the federal government in the 19th Century; later became Fort MacArthur.|
|SS Lane Victory||1990-12-14||Berth 46, Port of San Pedro
||San Pedro||Second World War Victory ship; preserved as a museum ship|
There are at least 15 other historic sites in the port area of Long Beach, California, including the RMS Queen Mary. For these, see National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles County, California.
Lists of L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments on the East and Northeast Sides
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Silver Lake, Angelino Heights, and Echo Park
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments on the Westside
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Wilshire and Westlake areas
- City of Los Angeles' Historic Preservation Overlay Zones
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles County
- List of California Historical Landmarks
- List of City of Long Beach historic landmarks
- "San Pedro Walking Tour". Los Angeles Conservancy.
- Numbers are as designated by the L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments program. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and listing on the National Register of Historic Places; yellow represents sites that are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments without a higher designation. No color represents delisted monuments.
- Department of City Planning. "Designated Historic-Cultural Monuments". City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- Various sources cited in articles, retrieved on various dates.
- Historic-Cultural Monuments 1–588. City of Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Department. July 1994.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2008.
- Numbers in 1000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for state-designated sites; 2000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for federally designated sites. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and/or listing on the National Register of Historic Places. No color represents information is unavailable or the monument has been delisted. To resort on this column, refresh your browser.
- Date listed on the National Register of Historic Places
- Vickery, Oliver (1979). Harbor heritage : tales of the harbor area of Los Angeles, California. Mountain View, Calif.: Morgan Press/Farag. ISBN 978-0-89430-036-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments (citywide).|
- official Designated L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments (LAHCM) website — with 'ever-updated' LAHCM list via PDF link.
- Los Angeles HCM Report for the Harbor area — L.A. Planning Department.
- City of Los Angeles Map, with community districts. — via Given Place Media.
- Big Orange Landmarks: "Exploring the Landmarks of Los Angeles, One Monument at a Time" — online photos and in-depth history of L.A.H.C. Monuments homepage, see “Landmarks by Community Planning Area” Harbor area links. — website curator: Floyd B. Bariscale.