List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley
This is a list of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley, California. It includes Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley as well as the adjacent Crescenta Valley. In total, there are more than 70 Historic-Cultural Monuments (HCM) in the San Fernando and Crescenta Valleys. A handful of additional historic sites in the valleys have been designated as California Historical Landmarks or listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The sites that are within City of Los Angeles borders are covered by two commissions of the Los Angeles Department of City Planning: the North Valley Area Planning Commission and the South Valley Area Planning Commission.
Overview of the Valley's Historic-Cultural Monuments
The Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley are spread across the Valley from Chatsworth in the northwest to Studio City in the southeast, and from the City of Calabasas in the southwest to Tujunga and La Crescenta in the northeast.
The oldest building in the Valley is the Convento Building at the Mission San Fernando Rey de España, which was built between 1808 and 1822. Other monuments directly related to the Mission San Fernando include the kiln in Chatsworth used to make bricks and tiles for the mission, the wells and settling basin in Sylmar used to supply water to the mission, and the Pioneer Cemetery where Mission Indians as well as Valley pioneers are buried.
Eleven of the monuments located in the Valley have also been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They are: Leonis Adobe, Bolton Hall, Rómulo Pico Adobe, the Convento Building at the Mission San Fernando, Campo de Cahuenga, Minnie Hill Palmer House, Los Encinos State Historic Park, Portal of the Folded Wings Shrine to Aviation, the Old Stage Coach Trail through the Santa Susana Mountains, and the North Hollywood and Van Nuys branch libraries.
Churches and other places of worship are well represented on the list, including the Chatsworth Community Church (1903), Faith Bible Church in Northridge (1917), the Saint Saviour's Chapel at Harvard-Westlake School in Studio City, and the David Familian Chapel of Temple Adat Ari El at the Valley's first Jewish synagogue in North Hollywood.
The role of trees in the development of the Valley is celebrated with monument listings for a 1,000-year-old oak tree in Encino (removed in 1996), 114 Himalayan Deodar trees along White Oak in Granada Hills, 76 mature olive trees along Lassen Street in Chatsworth, and 300 pepper trees lining in Canoga Avenue in Woodland Hills.
Current and former Historic-Cultural Monuments
|HCM #||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|1||Leonis Adobe||August 6, 1962||23537 Calabasas Rd.
||Calabasas||Monterey-style adobe residence built in the 1840s and occupied by Miguel Leonis ("one of the most colorful, influential and prominent figures of early Los Angeles") starting in the 1870s; now operated as a museum|
|Bolton Hall||August 6, 1962||10116 Commerce Ave.
||Tujunga||Community hall of utopian community built from native stone and local hillside materials in 1913. Owned by City of Los Angeles—open to the public.|
|Romulo Pico Adobe||September 21, 1962||10940 Sepulveda Blvd.
||Mission Hills||Two-story adobe residence built in 1834 now operated by San Fernando Valley Historical Society; oldest residence in the San Fernando Valley|
|9||Shadow Ranch House||November 2, 1962||22633 Vanowen St.
||West Hills||Two story ranch house built between 1869 and 1872, partly adobe and partly redwood|
|14||Chatsworth Community Church||January 28, 1963||22601 Lassen St.
||Chatsworth||Located in Oakwood Memorial Park, the oldest public building in Chatsworth, built in 1903; originally at 10051 Topanga Canyon Blvd.|
|San Fernando Rey Mission||August 8, 1963||15151 San Fernando Mission Blvd.
||Mission Hills||Spanish mission built in the late 18th century; Convento Building (pictured) was rebuilt after the 1971 earthquake; 17th California Mission.|
|24||Oak Tree||September 6, 1963||Louise Ave., 210 feet (64 m) south of Ventura Blvd.||Encino||Oak tree estimated to be 1,000 years old; tree damaged, removed and delisted 1/1/1997; stump pictured at left.|
|29||Campo de Cahuenga||November 13, 1964||3919 Lankershim Blvd.
||Studio City||Site of the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga, January 13, 1847|
|31||Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center||January 22, 1965||23555 Justice St.
||Canoga Park||1920 Rancho Sombra del Roble Spanish Colonial Revival Style adobe residence and estate of early oil tycoon and discoverer of fossils at La Brea Tar Pits|
|32||Saint Saviour's Chapel Harvard School||February 5, 1965||3700 Coldwater Canyon Ave.
||Studio City||Chapel patterned after the Chapel at Rugby School in England; pews face center aisle|
|41||114 Deodar Trees||August 3, 1966||White Oak Ave.||Granada Hills||Cedrus deodara trees native to the Himalyas, planted in 1932; between San Fernando Mission and San Jose St.|
|49||76 Mature Olive Trees||May 10, 1967||Lassen St.
||Chatsworth||Olive trees planted in late 19th Century lining both sides of Lassen St. between Topanga Canyon Blvd. and Farralone Ave.|
|50||Mission Wells and Settling Basin||May 10, 1967||Bleeker St. & Havana Ave.
||Sylmar||Remains of wells built of mission tiles around 1800 by Tongva Indians from the Mission San Fernando Rey de España to provide water to the mission; taken over by the Department of Water and Power in 1919, the 6-acre (24,000 m2) well site is the oldest existing source of water supply in the city, other than the Los Angeles River|
|63||McGroarty Home||February 4, 1970||7570 McGroarty Ter.
||Tujunga||Fieldstone and stucco house was home to California poet laureate, and Congressman John S. McGroarty, 1933–1944. Owned by City of Los Angeles—open to public.|
|92||Old Stage Coach Trail Property||January 5, 1972||Chatsworth Park South
||Chatsworth||Old Santa Susana Stage Road over Santa Susana Pass dating to the 1860s linked the San Fernando Valley with Simi Valley and Ventura|
|93||Pepper Trees||January 5, 1972||Canoga Ave.||Woodland Hills||Approximately 300 California Pepper Trees (Schinus molle) planted for Girard development in the 1920s forming an arch over Canoga Ave. between Ventura Blvd. and Saltillo St.|
|132||Stoney Point Outcroppings||November 20, 1974||Chatsworth Park North
||Chatsworth||Picturesque rock outcroppings in northwest corner of Chatsworth|
|133||Minnie Hill Palmer House||November 20, 1974||Chatsworth Park South
||Chatsworth||Cottage built in 1913, typical of structures built by pioneering homesteaders in the San Fernando Valley|
|135||Canoga Mission Gallery||December 4, 1974||23130 Sherman Way
||West Hills||Mission Revival Style stables built in 1936 by Francis Lederer, converted into a community arts center 1970s|
|141||Chatsworth Reservoir Kiln Site||April 2, 1975||Southeast of intersection of Woolsey Canyon Rd. and Valley Circle Blvd.
||West Hills||La Calera; Site of kiln used to make bricks and tiles for the San Fernando Mission; fenced off and not accessible to public|
|152||Faith Bible Church||April 17, 1976||18531 Gresham St.
||Northridge||First church built in Northridge; Originally known as the Norwegian Lutheran Church; completed in 1917 in Gothic style|
|172||Stonehurst Recreation Center Building||March 9, 1977||9901 Dronfield St.
||Sun Valley||Building constructed out of native stone c. 1930 by an Indian stonemason|
|184||Tower of Wooden Pallets||April 19, 1978||15357 Magnolia Blvd.
||Sherman Oaks||Tower of 2,000 wooden pallets built in 1951 covering the grave of a child buried in 1869 (site of)|
|199||David Familian Chapel of Temple Adat Ari El||September 20, 1978||5540 Laurel Canyon Blvd.
||North Hollywood||Chapel in the first synagogue building in the San Fernando Valley, dedicated in 1949 (site of)|
|201||Van Nuys Woman's Club Building||October 18, 1978||14836 Sylvan St.
||Van Nuys||Craftsman-style building completed in 1917, housing social club|
|202||Valley Municipal Building (Van Nuys City Hall)||October 18, 1978||14410 Sylvan St.
||Van Nuys||Art Deco style municipal building constructed in 1932; one of the Valley's most recognized landmarks|
|203||Baird House (Volunteer League Community Center)||October 18, 1978||14603 Hamlin St.
||Van Nuys||Bungalow-style residence built in 1921; later converted to use by the Volunteer League of the San Fernando Valley|
|204||Lederer Residence and Immediate Environments||November 15, 1978||23134 Sherman Way
||West Hills||Mission Revival Style home built starting in 1934 with aged materials by Francis Lederer|
|228||Laurelwood Apartments||April 22, 1980||11833-11847 Laurelwood Dr.
||Studio City||Apartment building designed by noted architect, Rudolph Schindler, built in 1948|
|232||Department of Water and Power Building||July 14, 1980||5108 Lankershim Blvd.
||North Hollywood||Streamline Moderne structure designed by S. Charles Lee, built in 1939|
|290||La Reina Theater||February 15, 1985||14626 Ventura Blvd.
||Sherman Oaks||Streamline Moderne movie theater designed by S. Charles Lee, built in 1938; converted to retail shops in 1987|
|293||The Magnolia||June 18, 1985||13242 Magnolia Blvd.
||Sherman Oaks||Spanish Colonial Revival residence built in the late 1920s|
|Amelia Earhart Branch (North Hollywood Branch Library)||June 27, 1986||5211 N. Tujunga Ave.
||North Hollywood||Spanish Colonial Revival style branch library built in 1929, originally dedicated to poet Sidney Lanier, later dedicated to aviatrix Earhart, a North Hollywood resident.|
|405||Pacific Electric Picover Railway Station||January 11, 1989||16710 Sherman Way||Van Nuys||Pacific Electric Railway station, built partly in 1917 and partly in 1932; destroyed by fire in 1990|
|484||Oakridge and Grounds||March 23, 1990||18650 Devonshire St.
||Northridge||English Manor style home built in 1937 for Barbara Stanwyck; later occupied by Jack Oakie; now owned by City of Los Angeles (2010).|
|488||Canoga Park (originally Owensmouth) Southern Pacific Railroad Station||May 30, 1990||21355 Sherman Way||Canoga Park||Spanish Revival railroad station built in 1912; destroyed by fire in 1993|
|573||El Portal Theater||February 9, 1993||5265-5271 Lankershim Blvd.
||North Hollywood||Spanish Renaissance Revival theater, office and retail building completed in 1926|
|San Fernando Pioneer Memorial Cemetery||November 30, 1993||14400 Foothill Blvd.
||Sylmar||Second oldest cemetery in the San Fernando Valley, holds remains of early pioneers, Civil War veterans and Mission Indians|
|622||Taft House and Landscaping||April 16, 1996||16745 San Fernando Mission Blvd.
||Granada Hills||Late 19th Century Victorian house; features wood siding and trim, shingled gambrel roof, double hung windows, dormers and a wraparound porch supported by turned wood columns; home for matriarch of the influential Taft family.|
|629||Adams Residence||October 4, 1996||7400 Tampa Ave.
||Reseda||Small house designed by Lloyd Wright, also known as "Mat House"|
|638||"El Paradiso"||March 18, 1997||11468 Dona Cecilia Dr.
||Studio City||Modern, space-age, 4,500-square-foot (420 m2) house designed by Raphael Soriano, built in 1964, with 28 aluminum sliding doors|
|644||Stone House||December 19, 1987||8642 Sunland Blvd.
||Sun Valley||American Craftsman style house built in 1925, with rock walls, gabled roofs, arched window openings, square tower, and a stone chimney|
|645||Harvester Farms||December 19, 1997||22049 Devonshire St.
||Chatsworth||Site was the headquarters of the Palomino Horse Association of America; barn (pictured) was the birthplace of Mr. Ed|
|683||Chase Knolls Garden Apartments||July 11, 2000||13401 W. Riverside Dr.
||Sherman Oaks||Dairy farm converted to residential development in the late 1940s; 260 bungalows and apartment homes|
|700||Canoga Park Branch Library||September 20, 2000||7260 N. Owensmouth Ave.
||Canoga Park||Branch library built in 1959, designed by Bowerman & Hobson|
|718||Ward House||July 30, 2002||14501 Mulholland Dr.
|740||The Serulnic House||January 13, 2006||3947 Markridge Rd.
||La Crescenta||Hillside house designed by Richard Neutra for Neutra’s secretary and her husband, a musician with the Los Angeles Philharmonic; built in 1952|
|742||First Los Angeles Aqueduct Cascades||February 4, 2003||Near intersection of Foothill Blvd. and Balboa Blvd.||Sylmar||Terminus of the Los Angeles-Owens River Aqueduct, which brings water 338 miles (544 km) from the eastern slopes of the Sierra Nevada to Los Angeles; begun in 1905 and completed in 1913; also California Historic Landmark #653|
|750||The Munch Box||June 3, 2003||21532 W. Devonshire St.
||Chatsworth||1950s hamburger stand with red and yellow coloring and a jet age overhang|
|759||Gerst Residence||July 29, 2003||3437 Adina Dr.
||Studio City||House built in 1952|
|763||Studio Theatre at the Denis Building||August 13, 2003||3433 Cahuenga Blvd. W.
||Studio City||Formerly the creative center for Ruth St. Denis, considered the "mother" of American modern dance whose most acclaimed student was Martha Graham; still in use for dance performances|
|782||El Encanto||June 15, 2004||17360 Chase St.
||Northridge||Barn built in 1942 and converted into a residence by architect Henry Withey in 1947 for General Harris Malasky, who renamed it Black Hawk Ranch|
|793||La Casa Sueno De Lewis Stone Ranch||May 4, 2005||5700 N Rhodes Ave.
||Valley Village||Spanish Colonial Revival structure built in 1930 with stucco cladding, low pitched tile roof, and decorative glazed tile and ironwork. Example of "Hollywood movie star" commissioned residential architecture.|
|828||Harry J. Wolff House||November 9, 2005||4000 N. Sunnyslope Ave.
||Sherman Oaks||House designed in 1938 by Rudolph Schindler|
|830||Blarney Castle||January 13, 2006||10217 N. Tujunga Canyon Blvd.
||Tujunga||Well-known Sunland-Tujunga home built in 1919, modeled after an Irish castle|
|838||Oak Glen Ranch||March 17, 2006||9811 N. Hillhaven Ave.
||Tujunga||Built in 1908 by Flora Morgan, one of the first farmhouses in the Tujunga area|
|841||Weatherwolde Castle||May 3, 2006||10629-10633 N. Commerce Ave.
||Tujunga||Exotic-style house built in 1928, designed to resemble a French Normandy 16th-century castle|
|848||Eichler Homes-Foster Residence||August 16, 2006||17145 West Nanette St.
||Granada Hills||Mid-20th Century post-and-beam house designed by A. Quincy Jones, FAIA, and Frederick Emmons, AIA. for Eichler Homes; epitomizes modernist architecture and indoor-outdoor living with extensive glass walls opening to a large rear yard|
|860||Kallis House||February 6, 2007||3580 N. Multiview Dr.
||Studio City||House designed by Rudolph Schindler, built in 1946; nestled into a hillside with a dramatic view overlooking of the Valley|
|869||Bakman House||May 16, 2007||10623 Riverside Dr.
||Toluca Lake||Spanish Colonial Revival house built in 1929 for Dan Bakman; one of the original homes in Toluca Lake|
|883||Weddington House||August 15, 2007||11025 W. Weddington St.
||North Hollywood||First house built in the southeast San Fernando Valley|
|910||Riverside-Zoo Drive Bridge, No. 53C1298||January 30, 2008||Between Victory Blvd. and Zoo Dr.
||Griffith Park||Built in 1938, this reinforced concrete bridge exhibits character-defining features of Art Deco-Streamline Moderne bridge design.|
|Van Nuys Branch Library||February 13, 2008||14555 Sylvan St.
||Van Nuys||Old branch library building (1927)--fine example of Spanish colonial style—no longer used as a library|
|917||Roland E. Hill House||April 23, 2008||3266 N. Bennett Dr
||Studio City||French Eclectic storybook style, designed by Roland E. Hill, 1926.|
|918||Lydecker Hilltop House||May 14, 2008||3820 Buena Park Dr.
||Studio City||Streamline Moderne house built in 1939 for Howard "Babe" Lydecker known as one of Hollywood's early geniuses of special effects|
|932||Clarence G. Badger Residence||July 29, 2008||7128 Woodrow Wilson Dr.
||Studio City||Spanish Colonial Revivial house built in 1916 for early motion picture director Clarence Badger|
|933||Kramer House||September 25, 2008||12556 N. Middlecoff Pl.||Granada Hills||Mid-Century Modern Ranch, 1966.|
|941||Stonehurst House||March 4, 2009||10021 N. Stonehurst Ave.
||Sun Valley||Residence built 1924 by Daniel Lawrence Montelongo, a stonemason of Native American descent. Craftsman style with Spanish Colonial Revival elements.|
|946||Verdugo Hills of Peace Pioneer Cemetery||March 4, 2009||7000 Parsons Trail
||Tujunga||Established by Marshall Valentine Hartranft in 1922.|
|952||Kaye Residence||April 22, 2009||4754 Vanalden Ave.
||Tarzana||Designed by Gregory Ain, built 1963.|
|974||Van Dekker House||February 26, 2010||19950 W. Collier St.||Woodland Hills||Modern 1940 house designed by Rudolph Schindler.|
|975||Sepulveda Unitarian Universalist Society Sanctuary ("The Onion")||February 26, 2010||46118 N. Jumilla Ave.||North Hills||"Built in 1964... Modern style church sanctuary... hosted several political events opposing the Vietnam War... designed by student of Richard Neutra."|
|976||Corbin Palms House||February 26, 2010||46118 N. Jumilla Ave.||Woodland Hills||"Built in 1955... Modern Ranch style single-family residence designed by... Palmer & Krisel, who designed several Mid-Century Modern neighborhoods."|
|977||Idle Hour Café||February 26, 2010||4824 Vineland Ave.||North Hollywood||"Constructed in 1941... appears to be the last barrel-shaped building in Los Angeles from the early 20th century period of Programmatic design."|
|978||Lankershim Reading Room||February 26, 2010||10940 Sepulveda Blvd.||Mission Hills||"One-story, octagonal-shaped  structure... last remaining building from the Lankershim Ranch." Relocated to the park at the Rómulo Pico Adobe (LAHCM #7) in 2001.|
|981||Margaret and Harry Hay House||3132 N. Oakcrest Dr.
||International Style by Gregory Ain, 1939, for Harry Hay, founder of the Mattachine Society.|
|T.R. Craig Residence “Peppergate Ranch”||March 9, 2011||8431 Pinelake Drive||West Hills||"One-story single-family residence, designed by Paul R. Williams in the Ranch Style, built in 1939.|
Non-HCM historic sites recognized by state and nation
|Code||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|(CHL 689)||Los Encinos State Historic Park||16756 Moorpark St.
||Encino||Rancho El Encino: "Franciscan padres used Encino as their headquarters while exploring the valley before establishing Mission San Fernando in 1797..."|
|(2702)||Portal of the Folded Wings Shrine to Aviation & Museum||10621 Victory Blvd.
||North Hollywood||Memorial to pioneers of aviation located on grounds of Valhalla Memorial Park Cemetery.|
|(CHL 150)||Brand Park (Memory Garden)||15174 San Fernando Mission Blvd.
||Mission Hills||Former Mission gardens across from Mission San Fernando Rey, now operated as a public park|
|(2179)||Toluca Southern Pacific Depot||11275 Chandler Blvd & 5351 Lankershim Blvd||North Hollywood|
|(2412)||Rancho Del Norte||18904 Nordhoff St. & 9051 Wilbur Ave.||Northridge|
|(2414)||New Mission Theatre||9015 Wilbur Ave.||Northridge||Mission-style theater built in 1987 by Elisabeth Waldo for use by the Multi-Cultural Music and Art Foundation of Northridge|
|(2451)||Phil's Diner||formerly 11138 Chandler Blvd. Now||North Hollywood||Diner built in the 1920s; moved and re-opened in 2008 at the corner of Lankershim and Weddington –- across from the El Portal Theater|
|(2517)||Van Nuys Post Office Building||14530 Sylvan St.
||Van Nuys||Spanish Colonial style structure built in 1935; formerly the Van Nuys Post Office|
|(2518)||Masonic Temple (North Hollywood, California)||5122-5124 Tujunga Ave.
||North Hollywood||Mayan-style Masonic Temple in North Hollywood designed by architect Robert Stacy-Judd|
|(CHL 716)||Griffith Ranch||Sylmar and San Fernando||Foothill Blvd. and Vaughn St.||Ranch purchased by D.W. Griffith in 1912 in the northeast valley; Birth of a Nation and many westerns were filmed on the ranch; a historic marker is located at Foothill Blvd. and Vaughn St.|
Lists of L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments on the East and Northeast Sides
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Silver Lake, Angelino Heights, and Echo Park
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments on the Westside
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Wilshire and Westlake areas
- City of Los Angeles' Historic Preservation Overlay Zones
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles County
- List of California Historical Landmarks
- DEPARTMENT OF CITY PLANNING City of Los Angeles, HISTORIC-CULTURAL MONUMENT (HCM) REPORT, Area Planning Commission: North Valley and HISTORIC-CULTURAL MONUMENT (HCM) REPORT, Area Planning Commission: South Valley
- Numbers in 1-999 series are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments; CHL numbers are state-designated California Historical Landmark sites; 2000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for federally designated sites. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and/or listing on the National Register of Historic Places; yellow represents sites that are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments without a higher designation. No color represents information is unavailable or the monument has been delisted. To resort on this column, refresh your browser.
- Department of City Planning. "Designated Historic-Cultural Monuments". City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- Various sources cited in articles, retrieved on various dates.
- Judson Grenier (Editor-in-chief) (1978). A Guide to Historic Places in Los Angeles County, p. 96. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8403-7501-8.
- "El Encanto". Charles J. Fisher.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2007.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2008.
- "Report on Clarence C. Badger Residence" (PDF). Cultural Heritage Commission.
- Office of Historic Resources Newsletter, October 2008.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, April 2009.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2009.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, April 2010.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2010.
- L.A. Planning Dept.-OHR; April 2011 Newsletter
- Paul Revere Williams: T.R. Craig (Harris) Residence - Photo gallery and history.
- Numbers in 1000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for state-designated sites; 2000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for federally designated sites. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and/or listing on the National Register of Historic Places; yellow represents sites that are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments without a higher designation. No color represents information is unavailable or the monument has been delisted. To resort on this column, refresh your browser.
- "Preserving Five Bits of History". Los Angeles Times. 1978-08-20.
- Judson Grenier (Editor-in-chief) (1978). A Guide to Historic Places in Los Angeles County, p. 98. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8403-7501-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments (citywide).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Register of Historic Places in the San Fernando Valley.|
- official Designated L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments (LAHCM) website — with 'ever-updated' LAHCM list via PDF link.
- Los Angeles HCM Report for the North Valley — L.A. City Planning Department.
- Los Angeles HCM Report for the South Valley
- City of Los Angeles Map, with community districts. — via Given Place Media.
- Big Orange Landmarks: "Exploring the Landmarks of Los Angeles, One Monument at a Time" — online photos and in-depth history of L.A.H.C.Monuments homepage, see “Landmarks by Community Planning Area” SFV area links. — website curator: Floyd B. Bariscale.