List of MPs elected to the English parliament in 1654

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This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) in the First Protectorate Parliament under the Commonwealth of England which began at Westminster on 3 September 1654, and was held to 22 January 1655.

The preceding Barebone's Parliament was made up almost entirely of County seats. In this the First Protectorate Parliament, many boroughs received back their franchise. However anticipating the Reform Act by nearly 200 years, a number of rotten boroughs were excluded and representation was given to several towns including Manchester, Leeds and Halifax and to the county and city of Durham.

This list contains details of the MPs elected in 1654. Normally when a member is elected for more than one seat a choice is made regarding which seat he represents and an alternative member is chosen for the other. In this parliament however this reseating did not take place, and so some individuals are shown for two or eve three seats. It was succeeded by the Second Protectorate Parliament

List of constituencies and MPs[edit]

Bedfordshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Bedfordshire Sir William Boteler
John Harvey
Edmund Wingate
John Neale
Samuel Bedford
Bedford Bulstrode Whitelocke

Berkshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Berkshire George Purefoy
Edmund Dunch
Sir Robert Pye
John Dunch
John Southby
Abingdon Thomas Holt
Reading Robert Hammond

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Buckinghamshire Bulstrode Whitelocke
Richard Ingoldsby
George Fleetwood
Sir Richard Pigot
Richard Greenville
Buckingham Francis Ingoldsby
Wycombe Thomas Scot
Aylesbury Henry Phillips

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Cambridgeshire John Delbrow
Francis Russell
Henry Pickering
Robert Castle
Cambridge Richard Timbs (Alderman of Cambridge)
Cambridge University Henry Cromwell
Isle of Ely John Thurloe
George Glapthorn

Cheshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Cheshire John Bradshaw
George Booth
Henry Brooke (of Norton)
John Crew
City of Chester Charles Walley

Cornwall[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Cornwall Thomas Gewen
Thomas Ceely (of Trevisham)
Richard Carter (
Anthony Rous
James Launce (of Pennare)
Walter Moyle
Charles Boscawen
Anthony Nichols
Launceston Robert Bennet
Truro Francis Rous
Penryn John Fox
East Looe and West Looe John Blackmore

Cumberland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Cumberland Major General Charles Howard
Colonel William Briscoe
Carlisle Colonel Thomas Fitch

Derbyshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Derbyshire Nathaniel Barton
Thomas Sanders
Edward Gell
John Gell
Derby Gervase Bennet

Devon[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Devon Thomas Saunders
Robert Rolle
Arthur Upton
Thomas Reynell
William Morice
John Hale
William Bastard
William Fry
Sir John Northcote, Bt
Henry Hatsell
John Quick
Exeter Thomas Bampfield
Thomas Gibbons
Plymouth Christopher Ceely (Merchant)
William Yeo
Clifton Dartmouth Hardness Thomas Boone
Totnes Major-General Desborough
Barnstaple John Dodderidge
Tiverton Major John Blackmore Blackmore declared void – replaced by Robert Shapcote
Honiton Sir John Yonge

Dorset[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Dorset William Sydenham
John Bingham
Sir Walter Earle
John Fitzjames
John Trenchard
Henry Henley
Dorchester John Whiteway
Melcombe Denis Bond
Lyme Regis Edmund Prideaux
Poole Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper

Durham[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
County Durham Robert Lilburne
George Lilburne
City of Durham Anthony Smith (Mercer)

Essex[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Essex Sir William Masham Bt
Sir Richard Everard, 1st Baronet of Much Waltham
Sir Rhomas Honeywood
Sir Thomas Bowes
Sir Henry Mildmay
Thomas Coke
Carew Mildmay
Dionysius Wakering
Edward Turnor
Richard Cutts
Oliver Raymond
Herbert Pelham
Maldon Joachim Matthews
Colchester Colonel John Barkstead
John Maidstone

Gloucestershire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Gloucestershire George Berkeley
Matthew Hale
John Howe
Christopher Guise
Sylvanus Wood
Gloucester Thomas Pury
William Lenthall
Tewkesbury Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper Cooper replaced by Francis St John
Cirencester John Stone

Hampshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Hampshire Richard Lord Cromwell
Richard Norton
Richard Major
John St Barbe
Robert Wallop
Francis Rivett
Edward Hooper
John Bulkeley
Winchester John Hildesley
Southampton John Lisle
Portsmouth Nathaniel Whetham
Andover John Duns (of Hurstley)
Isle of Wight William Sydenham
Viscount L'Isle

Herefordshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Herefordshire John Scudamore
John Pateshal
John Flacket
Richard Read
Hereford Bennet Hoskyns
Leominster John Birch

Hertfordshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Hertfordshire Henry Lawrence
William Earl of Salisbury
Sir John Wittewrong, 1st Baronet
Sir Richard Lucy, 1st Baronet
Thomas Nicholl
St Albans Alban Cox
Hertford Isaac Pulter

Huntingdonshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Huntingdonshire Edward Montagu
Henry Cromwell (the younger)
Stephen Pheasant (of Upwood)
Huntingdon John Bernard

Kent (see also Cinque Ports)[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Kent Lieutenant Colonel Henry Oxenden
William James
Colonel John Dixwell
John Boys
Sir Henry Vane (senior)
Lambert Godfrey
Colonel Richard Beal
Augustine Skinner
John Selliard
Colonel Ralph Weldon
Daniel Shatterden
Canterbury Thomas Scot
Francis Butcher
Rochester John Parker (Recorder)
Maidstone Sir John Banks, 1st Baronet
Queensborough Augustine Garland

Lancashire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Lancashire Richard Holland
Gilbert Ireland
Richard Standish
William Ashurst
Preston Richard Shuttleworth
Lancaster Henry Porter
Liverpool Thomas Birch sen.
Manchester Charles Worsley

Leicestershire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Leicestershire Thomas Beaumont
Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford
Lord Grey of Groby
Thomas Pochin
Leicester Sir Arthur Hesilrige
William Stanley (Alderman)

Lincolnshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Lincolnshire Edward Rossiter
Thomas Hall
Thomas Lister
Charles Hall
Captain Francis Fiennes
(Sir) John Wray
Colonel Thomas Hatcher
William Woolley
William Savile
William Welby
Lincoln William Marshall (Alderman)
Original Peart (Alderman)
Boston William Ellis .
Grantham William Bury sen
Stamford John Weaver
Grimsby William Wray

Middlesex[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Middlesex Sir James Harrington, Bt
Sir William Roberts
Josiah Berners
Edmund Harvey
Westminster Thomas Latham
Thomas Falconbridge
City of London Thomas Foote
William Steele
Thomas Adams
John Langham
Samuel Avery
Andrew Riccard

Monmouthshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Monmouthshire Richard Lord Cromwell
Philip Jones
Henry Herbert
Cromwell chose Hampshire, and Jones chose Glamorgan.
Replaced by Thomas Morgan and Thomas Hughes

Norfolk[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Norfolk Sir John Hobart
Sir William D'Oyly
Sir Ralph Hare, Bt
Thomas Weld
Robert Wilton
Thomas Sotherton
Philip Wodehouse
Robert Wood (senior)
Philip Bedingfield (senior)
Tobias Frere
Norwich Bernard Church
John Hobart
King's Lynn Major-General Philip Skippon
Guybon Goddard (Recorder)
Yarmouth Colonel William Goffe
Thomas Dunn

Northamptonshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Northamptonshire Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
John Dryden Bt.
John Crew
Sir John Norwich, Bt
John Claypole, senior
Thomas Brooke
Peterborough Humphrey Orme
Alexander Blake
Northampton Peter Whalley

Northumberland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Northumberland William Fenwick
Robert Fenwick (of Bedlington)
Henry Ogle (of Eglingham)
Newcastle Sir Arthur Hesilrige
Berwick upon Tweed George Fenwick

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Nottinghamshire Hon. William Pierrepont
Major-General Edward Whalley
Colonel Edward Neville
Charles White
Nottingham James Chadwick
John Mason

Oxfordshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Oxfordshire Robert Jenkinson
Charles Fleetwood
Colonel James Whitelocke
Nathaniel Fiennes
William Lenthall
Whitelocke replaced by Richard Croke
Oxford Bulstrode Whitelocke
Oxford University John Owen D. D.
Woodstock Lieutenant-General Charles Fleetwood

Rutland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Rutland William Shield
Edward Horseman

Salop[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Shropshire Humphrey Mackworth sen.
Thomas Mytton
Robert Corbet
Philip Young
Shrewsbury Richard Cheshire
Humphrey Mackworth jun.
Bridgnorth William Crown
Ludlow John Aston

Somerset[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Somerset Sir John Honner
John Buckland
General John Desborough
John Preston
John Harrington
John Ashe
Charles Steynings
Robert Long
Richard Jones
Thomas Hippisley
Samuel Perry
Bristol Richard Aldworth
Miles Jackson
Bath Alexander Popham
Wells Lislebone Long
Taunton Thomas Gorges
John Gorges
Bridgwater Robert Blake

Staffordshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Staffordshire Sir Charles Wolseley, 2nd Baronet
Thomas Crompton
Thomas Whitgrave
Lichfield Thomas Minors
Stafford John Bradshaw
Newcastle under Lyme Edward Keeling

Suffolk[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Suffolk Sir William Spring
Sir Thomas Barnardiston
Sir T Bedingfield
William Bloys
John Gurdon
William Gibbes
John Brandling
Alexander Bence
John Sicklemore
Thomas Bacon
Ipswich Nathaniel Bacon
Francis Bacon
Bury St Edmunds Samuel Moody
John Clarke
Dunwich Gen. Robert Brewster
Sudbury John Fothergill

Surrey[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Surrey Sir Richard Onslow
Major-General Lambert
Arthur Onslow
Francis Drake
Robert Holman
Robert Wood
Southwark Samuel Highland
Robert Warcup
Guildford Richard Hiller (of Guilford)
Reigate Edward Bysshe

Sussex[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Sussex Herbert Morley
Sir Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baronet
Anthony Stapley
John Stapley
John Fagg
William Hay
John Pelham
Francis Lord Dacres
Herbert Springet
Chichester Henry Peckham
Lewes Henry Shelley
East Grinstead John Goodwin
Arundel Anthony Shirley

Warwickshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Warwickshire Richard Lucy
Thomas Willoughby
Sir Richard Temple
William Purefoy
Coventry William Purefoy
Robert Beake
Warwick Richard Lucy

Westmorland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Westmoreland Christopher Lister
Jeremy Baynes

Wiltshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Wiltshire Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper
Alexander Popham
Thomas Grove
Alexander Thistlethwaite
Francis Holles
John Ernle
William Yorke
John Norden
James Ash
Gabriel Martin
Salisbury Edward Tooker
William Stevens (Recorder)
Marlborough Charles Fleetwood
Devizes Sir Edward Bayntun

Worcestershire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Worcestershire Sir Thomas Rouse, 1st Baronet
Edward Pytts
Nicholas Lechmere
John Bridges
Talbot Badger
Worcester William Collins
Edward Elvines (Alderman)

Yorkshire[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Yorkshire
West Riding Sir Thomas Fairfax
John Lambert
Henry Tempest
John Bright
Edward Gill
Martin Lister
East Riding Sir William Strickland
Hugh Bethell
Richard Robinson
Walter Strickland
North Riding Lord Eure
Francis Lascelles
Thomas Harrison
George Smithson
York Sir Thomas Widdrington
Thomas Dickenson, (Alderman)
Kingston upon Hull William Lister
Beverley Francis Thorpe (Baron of the Exchequer)
Scarborough John Wildman
Richmond John Wastal (of Scornton)
Leeds Adam Bayns (of Knowstrop)
Halifax Jeremy Bentley

Cinque Ports[edit]

Dover William Cullen
Sandwich Thomas Kelsey
Rye Herbert Morley

Wales[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Anglesey George Twisleton
William Foxwist
Brecknockshire Lord Herbert
Edmund Jones
Cardiganshire James Philipps
Jenkin Lloyd
Carmarthenshire John Claypole
Rowland Dawkins
Carnarvonshire John Glynne
Thomas Madryn
Denbighshire Col. Simon Thelwall
Col. John Carter
Flintshire John Trevor
Andrew Ellice
Glamorgan Philip Jones
Edmund Thomas
Cardiff John Price
Merioneth John Vaughan
Montgomeryshire Sir John Price Bt
Charles Lloyd
Pembrokeshire Sir Erasmus Philipps, 3rd Baronet
Arthur Owen
Haverford West John Upton
Radnorshire George Gwynne
Henry Williams

Scotland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Sheriffdom of Inverness Lieut. Col. William Michel
Sheriffdoms of Forfar and Kinkardine Col. David Barclay of Urie
Sheriffdoms of Fife and Kinross Col. James Hay
Sheriffdom of Perth George Livingston, 3rd Earl of Linlithgow
Sheriffdoms of Linlithgow, Sterling, and Clackmannan Col. Thomas Read (Governor of Stirling)
Sheriffdoms of Dunbarton, Argyll, and Bute Sir James Hamilton (of Orbiston)
Sheriffdom of Lannerick Col. William Lockhart
Sheriffdom of Midlothian George Smith (one of the Judges of Scotland)
Sheriffdom of Merse John Swinton (of Swinton)
Sheriffdoms of Selkirk and Peebles John Thompson (Auditor-General of the Revenues of Scotland)
Sheriffdom of Dumfries James Johnstone, 2nd Earl of Hartfell
Sheriffdom of Wigton Sir James MacDowel (of Garthland)
Sheriffdom of East-Lothian Benjamin Bridie (of Dolphinton)
Boroughs of Forfar, Dundee, Arbroth,
Montross, Buchan
Sir Alexander Wedderburn (of Blackness, Clerk of Dundee)
Boroughs of Lithgow, Queens Ferry, Perth, Culross, and Stirling Col. John Okey
Boroughs of St. Andrews, Dysart, Kirkaldy,
Anstruther-East, Pittenween, Creel, Dumfermline
Kinghorn, Anstruther-West, Innerleithing, Kilkenny,
and Burnt-Iand
James Snord (Burgess of Saint Andrews)
City of Edinburgh Samuel Desborrow (Commissioner for the Revenues)
George Downing (Scout-Master-General)
Boroughs of Lannerick, Glasgow, Rutherglen,
Rothsay, Renfrew, Ayre, Irwynn,
and Dunbarton
John Wilk (of Bromhouse)
Boroughs of Dumfreize, Sanclare, Lochmaben,
Annand, Wigton, Kirkudbright, Whithorn,
and Galloway
Major Jeremiah Tolhurst (Burgess of Dumfries)
Boroughs of Peebles, Selkirk, Jedburgh, Lander,
North Berwick, Dunbar, and Haddington
William Thompson (Burgess of Haddington)

Ireland[edit]

Constituency Members Notes
Counties of Meath and Louth Col. John Fowk (Governor of Drogheda)
Major William Cadogan.
Counties of Kildare and Wicklow Maj. Anthony Morgan
Maj. William Meredith.
County of Dublin Col. John Hewson (of Lutterels Town)
City of Dublin Daniel Hutchinson (Alderman)
Counties of Catberlougb, Wexford, Kilkenny, and Queen's County Thomas Sadler
Daniel Axtell
Counties of Westmeath, Longford, and King's County Theophilus Jones
Thomas Scot.
Counties of Down, Antrim, and Armagh Col. Robert Venables
Col. Arthur Hill
Towns of Carrickfergus and Belfast Major Daniel Redmond.
Counties of Londonderry, Donegal, and Tyrone Col. John Clark
Thomas Newburgh (of Lifford in County Donegal)
Towns of Derry and Coleraine Ralph King
Counties of Cavan, Fermanagh, and Monaghan Col. John Cole
Counties of Kerry, Limerick, and Clare Major Gen. Sir Hardress Waller
Col. Henry Ingoldsby
City and County of the City of Limerick and Kilmallock William Purefoy
County of Cork Roger Boyle, Lord Baron of Broghill
Towns of Cork and Youghal Col. William Jephson
Towns of Bandon and Kinsale Vincent Gookin
Counties of Tipperary and Waterford John Reynolds(Commissary-General)
Jerome Sankey
Cities of Waterford and Clonmel William Halsey
Counties of Sligo, Roscommon, and Leitrim Sir Robert King
Sir John Temple
Counties of Galway and Mayo Sir Charles Coote (Commissary-General)
John Reynolds

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]