List of members of the parliament of Finland

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The 36th Eduskunta[1] follows the parliamentary election held on 17 April 2011. There are 200 MPs in the parliament. The current government is 72nd in order,[2] as there have been on average two governments per parliament.

Retiring incumbents[edit]

Former prime minister Matti Vanhanen began to work as the Chief Executive of Finnish Family Firms Association and did not participate in the election.[3]

The incumbent Speaker of Parliament Sauli Niinistö of the National Coalition Party did not run for parliament, despite receiving a record number of votes in the 2007 election. It is anticipated that he will be the National Coalition Party's presidential candidate in 2012.[4]

Overall there were 38 MPs not seeking re-election:

MP Party Electoral district MP since
Matti Ahde SDP Oulu 1970 [5]
Janina Andersson Green Finland Proper 1995 [5]
fi:Hannakaisa Heikkinen Centre North Savonia 2007 [5]
fi:Hanna-Leena Hemming NCP Uusimaa 2003 [6]
fi:Sinikka Hurskainen SDP Kymi 1983 [7]
Reijo Kallio SDP Satakunta 1995 [5]
Antti Kalliomäki SDP Uusimaa 1983 [5]
Bjarne Kallis Chr. Dem. Vaasa 1991 [8]
fi:Matti Kangas Left Al. Central Finland 1999 [9]
Kyösti Karjula Centre Oulu 1995 [10]
Tanja Karpela Centre Uusimaa 1999 [11]
fi:Matti Kauppila Left Al. Tavastia 2003 [5]
fi:Valto Koski SDP Kymi 1995 [12]
fi:Marjaana Koskinen SDP Finland Proper 1995 [13]
fi:Mikko Kuoppa Left Al. Pirkanmaa 1979 [14]
fi:Lauri Kähkönen SDP North Karelia 1999 [5]
fi:Kari Kärkkäinen Chr. Dem. North Savonia 1999 [15]
Jaakko Laakso Left Al. Uusimaa 1991 [16]
fi:Esa Lahtela SDP North Karelia 1995 [17]
fi:Reijo Laitinen SDP Central Finland 1991 [18]
fi:Jouko Laxell NCP Finland Proper 2004 [19]
Hannes Manninen Centre Lapland 1995 [20]
Sauli Niinistö NCP Uusimaa 1987 [21]
fi:Håkan Nordman SFP Vaasa 1983 [22]
fi:Heikki A. Ollila NCP Pirkanmaa 1987 [23]
fi:Reijo Paajanen NCP Kymi 2003 [24]
fi:Klaus Pentti Centre Pirkanmaa 2003 [5]
fi:Tero Rönni SDP Pirkanmaa 1999 [5]
Petri Salo NCP Vaasa 1999 [25]
fi:Pertti Salovaara Centre Pirkanmaa 2003 [26]
Jacob Söderman SDP Helsinki 1972 [27]
fi:Satu Taiveaho SDP Tavastia 2003 [28]
Esko-Juhani Tennilä Left Al. Lapland 1975 [29]
fi:Tuulikki Ukkola NCP Oulu 1991 [30]
Unto Valpas Left Al. Oulu 1999 [31]
fi:Pekka Vilkuna Centre Oulu 1999 [5]
Lasse Virén NCP Uusimaa 1999 [32]
Raimo Vistbacka True Finns Vaasa 1987 [5][33]

As elected[edit]

Name Party Electoral district Number of votes Office
Timo Soini True Finns Uusimaa 43,437 Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee
Alexander Stubb National Coalition Party Uusimaa 41,768 Minister for Foreign Trade and Europe
Jyrki Katainen National Coalition Party Uusimaa 23,962 Prime Minister
Paavo Arhinmäki Left Alliance Helsinki 17,226 Minister of Culture and Sport
fi:Lauri Ihalainen Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 15,085 Minister of Labour
Jussi Halla-aho True Finns Helsinki 15,074
Maria Guzenina-Richardson Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 14,581 Minister for Health and Social Services
fi:Heli Paasio Social Democratic Party of Finland Finland Proper 13,958
Ben Zyskowicz National Coalition Party Helsinki 13,407
Ritva Elomaa True Finns Finland Proper 13,121
Stefan Wallin Swedish People's Party of Finland Finland Proper 12,366
Paula Risikko National Coalition Party Vaasa 11,907 Minister for Social Affairs and Health
Jutta Urpilainen Social Democratic Party of Finland Vaasa 11,670 Minister of Finance
Jan Vapaavuori National Coalition Party Helsinki 11,203 Minister of Economic Affairs
fi:Petteri Orpo National Coalition Party Finland Proper 11,018 Chairman of the NCP parliamentary group
fi:Hanna Tainio Social Democratic Party of Finland Pirkanmaa 10,400
fi:Anne-Mari Virolainen National Coalition Party Finland Proper 10,041
Erkki Tuomioja Social Democratic Party of Finland Helsinki 9,970 Minister for Foreign Affairs
Tapani Tölli Centre Party Oulu 9,777
Eero Heinäluoma Social Democratic Party of Finland Helsinki 9,501 Speaker of the Parliament
fi:Anne Kalmari Centre Party Central Finland 9,288
fi:Laila Koskela True Finns Pirkanmaa 9,172
fi:Lea Mäkipää True Finns Pirkanmaa 9,034
Pentti Oinonen True Finns Northern Savonia 8,920
Mari Kiviniemi Centre Party Helsinki 8,812
fi:Katja Taimela Social Democratic Party of Finland Finland Proper 8,498
Anna-Maja Henriksson Swedish People's Party of Finland Vaasa 8,392 Minister of Justice
Mikael Jungner Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 8,380
fi:Saara Karhu Social Democratic Party of Finland Pirkanmaa 8,327
fi:Anneli Kiljunen Social Democratic Party of Finland Kymi 8,294
Osmo Soininvaara Green League Helsinki 8,285
fi:Sofia Vikman National Coalition Party Pirkanmaa 8,279
Vesa-Matti Saarakkala True Finns Vaasa 8,276
Susanna Huovinen Social Democratic Party of Finland Central Finland 8,271
Tuija Brax Green League Uusimaa 7,882 Chairwoman of the Audit Committee
fi:Merja Kyllönen Left Alliance Oulu 7,837 Minister of Transport
Ilkka Kanerva National Coalition Party Finland Proper 7,820
fi:Pia Viitanen Social Democratic Party of Finland Pirkanmaa 7,786
fi:Krista Kiuru Social Democratic Party of Finland Satakunta 7,730 Minister for Housing and Communications
fi:Annika Lapintie Left Alliance Finland Proper 7,723 Chairwoman of the Left Alliance parliamentary group
fi:Riita Myller Social Democratic Party of Finland North Karelia 7,700
fi:Markus Mustajärvi Independent (elected as Left Alliance MP) × Lapland 7,621
Johannes Koskinen Social Democratic Party of Finland Tavastia 7,603 Chairman of the Constitutional Law Committee
fi:Maarit Feldt-Ranta Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 7,546
Anni Sinnemäki Green League Helsinki 7,513
Pekka Haavisto Green League Helsinki 7,470 Chairman of the Green League parliamentary group
Sari Sarkomaa National Coalition Party Helsinki 7,457
fi:Reijo Hongisto True Finns Vaasa 7,444
Oras Tynkkynen Green League Pirkanmaa 7,406
fi:Thomas Blomqvist Swedish People's Party of Finland Uusimaa 7,362
Paula Lehtomäki Centre Party Uusimaa 7,356
fi:Miapetra Kumpula-Natri Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 7,324
fi:Henna Virkkunen National Coalition Party Central Finland 7,127 Minister of Public Administration and Local Government
fi:Kristiina Salonen Social Democratic Party of Finland Satakunta 7,124
Mauri Pekkarinen Centre Party Central Finland 7,112 Chairman of the Commerce Committee
Jyri Häkämies National Coalition Party Kymi 7,098
fi:Kimmo Tiilikainen Centre Party Kymi 7,094 Chairman of the Centre Party parliamentary group
Seppo Kääriäinen Centre Party Northern Savonia 7,061
fi:Johanna Ojala-Niemelä Social Democratic Party of Finland Lapland 7,052
fi:Arto Satonen National Coalition Party Pirkanmaa 7,021 Chairman of the Transport and Communications Committee
Päivi Räsänen Christian Democrats Tavastia 6,995 Minister of the Interior
fi:Antti Rantakangas Centre Party Oulu 6,994
fi:Elsi Katainen Centre Party Northern Savonia 6,960
Elisabeth Nauclér Åland representative Åland 6,925
fi:Tuomo Puumala Centre Party Vaasa 6,898
fi:Mirja Vehkaperä Centre Party Oulu 6,852
fi:Jukka Gustafsson Social Democratic Party of Finland Pirkanmaa 6,793 Minister of Education
Tarja Filatov Social Democratic Party of Finland Tavastia 6,782 Chairwoman of the Employment and Equality Committee
Kari Rajamäki Social Democratic Party of Finland Northern Savonia 6,776
fi:Ari Jalonen True Finns Satakunta 6,721
fi:Lasse Hautala Centre Party Vaasa 6,592
fi:Anssi Joutsenlahti True Finns Satakunta 6,583 2nd Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
fi:Timo Heinonen National Coalition Party Tavastia 6,526
fi:Pertti Virtanen True Finns Pirkanmaa 6,526
fi:Sampsa Kataja National Coalition Party Satakunta 6,425
fi:Olli Immonen True Finns Oulu 6,419
fi:Pertti Hemmilä National Coalition Party Finland Proper 6,413
fi:Christina Gestrin Swedish People's Party of Finland Uusimaa 6,408
fi:Ilkka Kantola Social Democratic Party of Finland Finland Proper 6,339
Anu Vehviläinen Centre Party North Karelia 6,296
fi:Inkeri Kerola Centre Party Oulu 6,289
fi:Perrti Salolainen National Coalition Party Helsinki 6,205
fi:Lauri Heikkilä True Finns Finland Proper 6,199
fi:Kimmo Sasi National Coalition Party Pirkanmaa 6,164 Chairman of the Finance Committee
fi:Anne Louhelainen True Finns Tavastia 6,160
Martti Korhonen Left Alliance Oulu 6,147 Chairman of the Environment Committee
Ulla-Maj Wideroos Swedish People's Party of Finland Vaasa 6,077
fi:Esko Kiviranta Centre Party Finland Proper 6,035
fi:Outi Mäkelä National Coalition Party Uusimaa 6,024
fi:Mikko Savola Centre Party Vaasa 5,985
fi:Jaana Pelkonen National Coalition Party Helsinki 5,897
Sirkka-Liisa Anttila Centre Party Tavastia 5,882
fi:Kari Tolvanen National Coalition Party Uusimaa 5,879
fi:Sanni Grahn-Laasonen National Coalition Party Tavastia 5,866
fi:Lenita Toivakka National Coalition Party Southern Savonia 5,783
fi:Jouni Backman Social Democratic Party of Finland Southern Savonia 5,745 Chairman of the Social Democratic parliamentary group
fi:Reijo Tossavainen True Finns Kymi 5,725
fi:Pekka Ravi National Coalition Party North Karelia 5,723 1st Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
fi:Mats Nylund Swedish People's Party of Finland Vaasa 5,709
fi:Risto Kalliorinne Left Alliance Oulu 5,669
fi:Lars Gästgivars Swedish People's Party of Finland Vaasa 5,650
fi:Jari Leppä Centre Party Southern Savonia 5,570 Chairman of the Agriculture and Forestry Committee
fi:Juha Sipilä Centre Party Oulu 5,543
fi:Juha Rehula Centre Party Tavastia 5,550 Chairman of the Social Affairs and Health Committee
fi:Ville Vähämäki True Finns Oulu 5,534
fi:Arto Pirttilahti Centre Party Pirkanmaa 5,516
James Hirvisaari Change 2011 (elected as True Finns MP) ×× Tavastia 5,498
fi:Jari Lindström True Finns Kymi 5,450
fi:Sirpa Paatero Social Democratic Party of Finland Kymi 5,392
fi:Timo Korhonen Centre Party Oulu 5,369
Ville Niinistö Green League Finland Proper 5,362 Minister of the Environment
fi:Juha Eerola True Finns Kymi 5,350
fi:Peter Östman Christian Democrats Vaasa 5,349 Chairman of the Christian Democrats parliamentary group
fi:Pauli Kiuru National Coalition Party Pirkanmaa 5,340
fi:Eero Reijonen Centre Party North Karelia 5,318
fi:Tytti Tuppurainen Social Democratic Party of Finland Oulu 5,313
fi:Mika Kari Social Democratic Party of Finland Tavastia 5,280
fi:Kalle Jokinen National Coalition Party Tavastia 5,271
Outi Alanko-Kahiluoto Green League Helsinki 5,240
fi:Jouko Skinnari Social Democratic Party of Finland Tavastia 5,186
Timo Kalli Centre Party Satakunta 5,163
fi:Ari Torniainen Centre Party Kymi 5,157
fi:Ismo Soukola True Finns Tavastia 5,059
fi:Mika Lintilä Centre Party Vaasa 5,035
fi:Heiki Autto National Coalition Party Lapland 5,025
Astrid Thors Swedish People's Party of Finland Helsinki 4,983
fi:Kauko Tuupainen True Finns Central Finland 4,977
fi:Katri Komi Centre Party Southern Savonia 4,964
fi:Jussi Niinistö True Finns Uusimaa 4,911 Chairman of the Defence Committee
fi:Mikaela Nylander Swedish People's Party of Finland Uusimaa 4,906 Chairwoman of the Swedish parliamentary group
fi:Rakel Hiltunen Social Democratic Party of Finland Helsinki 4,882
fi:Maria Lohela True Finns Finland Proper 4,873
fi:Lasse Männistö National Coalition Party Helsinki 4,866
fi:Antti Lindtman Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 4,805
fi:Leena Harkimo National Coalition Party Uusimaa 4,782
fi:Eeva Maria Maijala Centre Party Lapland 4,692
fi:Silvia Modig Left Alliance Helsinki 4,681
fi:Osmo Kokko True Finns North Karelia 4,677
fi:Jyrki Yrttiaho Independent (elected as Left Alliance MP) × Finland Proper 4,634
fi:Sari Palm Christian Democrats Kymi 4,621
fi:Tapani Mäkinen National Coalition Party Uusimaa 4,592
fi:Harri Jaskari National Coalition Party Pirkanmaa 4,556
fi:Pauliina Viitamies Social Democratic Party of Finland Southern Savonia 4,470
fi:Martti Mölsä True Finns Pirkanmaa 4,423
fi:Päivi Lipponen Social Democratic Party of Finland Helsinki 4,381 Chairwoman of the Committee for the Future
fi:Tom Packalén True Finns Helsinki 4,380
fi:Kimmo Kivelä True Finns Northern Savonia 4,366
fi:Jukka Kärnä Social Democratic Party of Finland Kymi 4,325
fi:Merja Kuusisto Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 4,324
fi:Jukka Kopra National Coalition Party Kymi 4,303
fi:Anna Kontula Left Alliance Pirkanmaa 4,262
fi:Matti Saarinen Social Democratic Party of Finland Uusimaa 4,253
fi:Tuula Väätäinen Social Democratic Party of Finland Northern Savonia 4,244
Sinuhe Wallinheimo National Coalition Party Central Finland 4,228
fi:Raija Vahasalo National Coalition Party Uusimaa 4,206 Chairwoman of the Education and Culture Committee
fi:Raimo Piirainen Social Democratic Party of Finland Oulu 4,187
fi:Annika Saarikko Centre Party Finland Proper 4,185
Jani Toivola Green League Uusimaa 4,174
fi:Aila Paloniemi Centre Party Central Finland 4,146
Mikko Alatalo Centre Party Pirkanmaa 4,140
fi:Suna Kymäläinen Social Democratic Party of Finland Kymi 4,098
fi:Markku Rossi Centre Party Northern Savonia 4,068
fi:Jouko Jääskeläinen Christian Democrats Uusimaa 4,026
fi:Anna-Kaisa Pekonen Left Alliance Tavastia 4,010
Eero Lehti National Coalition Party Uusimaa 3,993
fi:Pentti Kettunen True Finns Oulu 3,990
fi:Eila Tiainen Left Alliance Central Finland 3,955
Anne Holmlund National Coalition Party Satakunta 3,952 Chairwoman of the Legal Affairs Committee
fi:Pirkko Mattila True Finns Oulu 3,947 Chairwoman of the Administration Committee
fi:Antti Kaikkonen Centre Party Uusimaa 3,929
Johanna Karimäki Green League Uusimaa 3,887
fi:Sauli Ahvenjärvi Christian Democrats Satakunta 3,880
fi:Simo Rundgren Centre Party Lapland 3,825
fi:Markku Mäntymaa National Coalition Party Vaasa 3,806
fi:Janne Sankelo National Coalition Party Vaasa 3,792
fi:Eeva-Johanna Eloranta Social Democratic Party of Finland Finland Proper 3,648
fi:Markus Lohi Centre Party Lapland 3,615
fi:Pia Kauma National Coalition Party Uusimaa 3,551
fi:Esko Kurvinen National Coalition Party Oulu 3,546
fi:Leena Rauhala Christian Democrats Pirkanmaa 3,511
Eero Suutari (fi) National Coalition Party Oulu 3,495
fi:Tuula Peltonen Social Democratic Party of Finland Central Finland 3,481
fi:Kari Uotila Left Alliance Uusimaa 3,468
fi:Markku Eestilä National Coalition Party Northern Savonia 3,428
fi:Teuvo Hakkarainen True Finns Central Finland 3,371
Marjo Matikainen-Kallström National Coalition Party Uusimaa 3,360
fi:Jari Myllykoski Left Alliance Satakunta 3,321
fi:Sanna Lauslahti National Coalition Party Uusimaa 3,312
fi:Erkki Virtanen Left Alliance Northern Savonia 3,179
Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner True Finns Uusimaa 3,100 Chairwoman of the True Finns parliamentary group
fi:Hanna Mäntylä True Finns Lapland 3,064
fi:Johanna Jurva True Finns Uusimaa 2,970
Pietari Jääskeläinen True Finns Uusimaa 2,968
Juha Väätäinen True Finns Helsinki 2,914
fi:Maria Tolppanen True Finns Vaasa 2,855
fi:Mika Niikko True Finns Uusimaa 2,703
fi:Kaj Turunen True Finns Southern Savonia 2,631
fi:Merja Mäkisalo-Ropponen Social Democratic Party of Finland North Karelia 2,519
fi:Arja Juvonen True Finns Uusimaa 2,553
fi:Satu Haapanen Green League Oulu 2,315
Source: Finnish Election Commission 1, 2, Committee chairs, English names of the committees, Parliamentary group chairs, Speaker and deputy Speakers

× Note: two Left Alliance MPs were expelled from their parliamentary group on 30 June 2011.[34] They later founded a parliamentary group called Left Group (which, however, is not a party).[35]
×× Note: James Hirvisaari was expelled from the True Finns in October 2013, after which he joined the Change 2011 party.[36]

The average age of elected MPs was 48. The youngest MP is Olli Immonen, 25 at the time of the election, and the oldest MP is Kauko Tuupainen, 70 at the time of the election – both are True Finns MPs.[37][38]

The Parliament has 115 male MPs and 85 female MPs.[39] Of the parties the True Finns have the highest portion of male MPs in their ranks (72%), while the Social Democratic Party has the highest portion of female MPs (64%).[39]

Government formation[edit]

As the leader of the largest party Jyrki Katainen of the NCP began the negotiations to form a new coalition government. Katainen said that the result of the election supports a coalition based on the three largest parties, i.e. the National Coalition Party, the Social Democratic Party and the True Finns.[40] The most problematic question was believed to be the EU bailout policy, where the True Finns most differ from the other parties.[41]

Formal negotiations were scheduled to start after Easter on 24 April. The National Coalition Party's Alexander Stubb said that a government could be formed by 9 May, though he admitted that it was an optimistic timetable. This was despite EU worries about what effect a new government could have on the bailout.[42] The Kiviniemi government submitted its resignation on 29 April, though it would continue to serve as a caretaker government until a new one was formed.[43]

If the True Finns could not agree to a common platform to provide suitable ministers from the party's elected representatives list, Soini hinted to YLE the possibility of choosing ministers from what he ambigously called his party's "background groups".[41][44] Although the True Finns said they were ready to enter the negotiations on the formation of a new government, conflicting reports emerged of the True Finns saying that they cannot "in good conscience" support the Portuguese rescue package or the creation of a permanent bailout fund by the EU and that they had toned down criticism of the package saying it may be in the interests of Finland. However, the SDP also wanted the rules for the international financial system to be reformed.[45][46] The NCP's Alexander Stubb said that "It will be very difficult to keep a party with 39 seats out of government. If we can find compromises, we can have the True Finns in government."[47] Amidst ongoing talks Soini backtracked on previous inferences that he would be willing to set aside the issue of the Portugal bailout saying "We can’t vote for this (bailout of Portugal) and we won’t...If Finland can find a majority that can push this through and a government is formed after that, then that will be a different situation." Bloomberg suggested that the True Finns were still taking the government formation talks "seriously" and hoped to be a part of the next government once differences over the Portuguese bailout had been set aside. This was despite Katainen's pledge not to form a government with parties that opposed the bailout measures.[48]

On 11 May, the NCP and the Social Democrats struck a deal by which the Social Democrats would vote in favour of the Portugal bailout. In return, the NCP would support the Social Democrats' demand for the establishment of a bank tax in both Finland and in other European countries.[49] The Social Democrats also set certain conditions for the Portuguese bailout, for example demanding that Portugal sell state property (these conditions were, however, described as meaningless by True Finns and Left Alliance politicians, who accused the SDP of "selling out").[50][51] The following day the True Finns announced that they would withdraw from the government formation negotiations due to the bailout issue. Soini said he would remain true to the True Finns' campaign promises and not compromise on the party's core principles.[5][52]

After Soini's announcement, Jyrki Katainen invited the SDP, the Greens, the Swedish People's Party and the Christian Democrats for negotiations to form a coalition led by his National Coalition Party.[53] The Greens indicated that they would only join the coalition if the other parties agreed to their strict demands: a commitment not to build more nuclear reactors, a new "environmental-friendly" climate law and a 100 euro increase to the smallest welfare benefits.[54]

On 18 May Katainen announced that he would invite the Left Alliance as well to the government formation negotiations, which began on 20 May. The Left Alliance's participation had been demanded by the Social Democrats.[55] The six-party coalition that would comprise the National Coalition Party, Social Democratic Party, the Swedish People’s Party, the Christian Democratic Party, the Green League and the Left Alliance would have 126 seats in the parliament.[56][57]

As six-party talks got underway on 20 May, amid differences on taxation policy between the NCP and SDP. The latter were opposed to the former's plan to raise the turnover tax; the talk also sought to ensure revenue needed to be saved so as continue funding government programmes in the future. The NCP's Katainen said of the talks that "expectations were high," though he did not comment on rumours of six billion euros worth of cuts: "I believe that all necessary means must be used to secure the welfare state. The poor’s best friend is strong government finances." The SDP's Urpilainen commented that the negotiations were being conducted in good spirits and that she thought the atmosphere of the talks was good, though she added that taxation would be the biggest stumbling block and that public spending cuts would not be specifically discussed pending the overall look at economic issues. She also added that a caretaker government could present the Portugal bailout package measure before parliament in the following week with a decision possible at the end of the week. She added a decision might even be forthcoming later on Friday; she said the SDP's support would be determined by added investor responsibility.[58][59] The parliament approved the bailout proposal on 25 May with the True Finns and the Left Alliance dissenting and all the other parties voting in favour of the measure.[60]

On 1 June, the Social Democrats and the Left Alliance quit government formation talks referring to "unsustainable differences" on issues concerning economic growth and employment policies. In response Katainen said that he would continue negotiations with the Greens, the Swedish People's Party and the Christian Democrats and that he would also invite the Centre Party to the negotiations.[61] On 6 June, after consulting its members on a questionnaire, the Centre Party decided to join the government formation talks. However, on the same day the Green League decided to leave the talks referring to the party's election result (which came after four years in a similar centre-right coalition) and doubtful if the proposed coalition could further "green" policies in such a coalition.[62] Amongst those partaking in the talks, a coalition of the NCP, the Centre Party, the SPP and the Christian Democrats would have only 95 MPs – a minority government.[63]

On 7 June, Katainen said that he would still pursue a majority government. All eight parliamentary groups decided to give Katainen time until 10 June to announce a final coalition.[64] On 10 June, Katainen then announced that the same six parties, whose negotiations had broken up earlier in the month (the NCP, the SDP, the SPP, the Christian Democrats, the Green League and the Left Alliance), would return to the negotiation table. He described this as the "only possible coalition."[65] On 14 June, he said that talks were positive and a government would be formed soon.[66]

On 17 June, the six parties came to an agreement on forming a coalition government. Following criticism from incumbent prime minister Kivienmi, Katainen defended his government's platform in parliament and the government survived a motion of no-confidence put forth by the opposition. However, the same two Left Alliance MPs – Markus Mustajärvi and Jyrki Yrttiaho – again broke from the party position and voted against the government – for this they were expelled from the Left Alliance parliamentary group and continue their work as independent MPs.[34] The government, led by Katainen, will have 19 ministers. The ministerial portfolios would be divided with the NCP and the SDP both having six ministers, while the Left Alliance, the Greens and the SPP would each have two ministers and the Christian Democrats would have one.[67] The NCP, SDP, SPP[68] and Christian Democrats[69] announced their candidates for ministerial positions on 18 June, while the Left Alliance, —with some of its notable members opposing joining the government,— confirmed its participation in the government and its nominees for ministeral portfolios on its party council on 19 June.[70] The Green League announced its ministers on 20 June.[71] On 22 June, the parliament elected Katainen as prime minister by a vote of 118–72; two Left Alliance MPs voted against Katainen, for which they were formally reprimanded by the Left Alliance parliamentary group.[72] President Tarja Halonen then formally inaugurated the government at the Government Palace in Helsinki the same afternoon.[72][73]

Reactions

A TNS Gallup poll commissioned by Helsingin Sanomat found that while two-thirds of True Finns voters feel the party made the right decision to sit in opposition, half of the Green League's voters also felt the same way. Conversely a majority of Social Democratic Party and Centre Party voters felt that the True Finns should have stayed in the government formation talks. Half of the respondents to the poll wanted to see the True Finns to show flexibility over the EU bailout issue to at least for government talks, which was supported by only 16% of TF supporters versus more than two-thirds of voters of the other three major parties. A majority of 52% also felt that a government without the TF could survive the four-year parliamentary tenure.

The True Finns' vice-chairman Vesa-Matti Saarakkala suggested the outcome of the polls show convergence between the True Finns' social policy with those of the SDP and the Centre Party. "With the Greens, the background could be that they don’t want us in the government. However, the most important thing is that our own supporters should understand our decision. The Social Democrats decided the game with their own stance on the EU. There is no point in them crying about how the True Finns are not in the government." He also said that the 52% of people thinking the government could survive without the TF is a "surprisingly" low proportion: "It shows that the times are challenging and uncertain. Anything can happen to the euro and to [the] Economic and Monetary Union.[74]

After the formation of a new government, the Centre Party's leader Kiviniemi commented on the government programme saying that the six-party government "agreeing on increasing consumption taxes, decreasing tax-deductibility on mortgage part payments and cuts on services by municipalities, forgot the (sic) families with children."[75]

Midterm replacements[edit]

  • Jyri Häkämies (National Coalition Party) was replaced by Anu Urpalainen of the same party on 21 November 2012.[76]
  • Astrid Thors (Swedish People's Party) was replaced by Jörn Donner of the same party on 5 September 2013.[77]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.vaalit.fi/uploads/7o1lq64njk.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.valtioneuvosto.fi/tietoa-valtioneuvostosta/hallitukset/vuodesta-1917/haku/en.jsp
  3. ^ "Ex-PM Vanhanen to head Finnish Family Firms Association". Helsinki Times. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Niinfinancial benefactors, a practice which istö Not Running for Parliament". Finnish Broadcasting Company. 1 May 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "11 kansanedustajaa jättäytyy kevään 2011 vaaleista" (in Finnish). HS.fi. 9 February 2010. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Teija Sutinen Kirjoittaja on politiikan toimittaja. (5 December 2010). "Kokoomuksen Hanna-Leena Hemming jättää eduskunnan" (in Finnish). HS.fi. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Hurskainen ei lähde eduskuntavaaleihin" (in Finnish). YLE Uutiset. 22 July 2010. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  8. ^ STT (30 January 2011). "Bjarne Kallis jättää eduskunnan – HS.fi – Politiikka" (in Finnish). HS.fi. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Matti Kangas jättää eduskunnan" (in Finnish). YLE Uutiset. 26 February 2010. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  10. ^ STT (23 February 2010). "Kyösti Karjula jättää eduskunnan ensi vaaleissa – HS.fi – Politiikka" (in Finnish). HS.fi. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  11. ^ STT–HS (16 March 2010). "Tanja Karpela ei lähde ehdolle eduskuntavaaleihin – HS.fi – Politiikka" (in Finnish). HS.fi. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Verkkouutiset – Valto Koski jättää eduskunnan" (in Finnish). Verkkouutiset.fi. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
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