List of Mahaviharas of Newar Buddhism

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Newar Buddhism is one of the branches of Buddhism. One of the major elements of this branch of Buddhism is Mahavihara (महाबिहार) or Baha or great monastery. These monasteries have served as centers of learning in Newar Buddhism. These monasteries generally are built as a courtyard surrounded by two storied buildings consisting of halls.[1] Some of these monasteries have been founded as early as fifth[2] to twelfth century [3] Many of these mahaviharas are listed as historical monuments of Nepal.[1] The following is a list of these mahaviharas [1][2][4][5] -

Mahavihara (Sanskrit) Nepal Bhasa name Location Founded Remarks
Maitripurna Mahavihara Kwa Baha Kathmandu
Henakara Mahavihara Dhwaka Baha Kathmandu 7th century [2] Damaged in earthquake of 1934 [2]
Hemvarna Mahavihara Gan Baha Kathmandu
Ratnaketu Mahavihara Jhwa Baha Kathmandu
Suratshree Mahavihara Takshe Baha Kathmandu
Kanakachaitya Mahavihara Jana Baha Kathmandu Annual festival held
Keshchandra Paravarta Mahavihara Itum Baha Kathmandu 1381[6] Known for Keshchandra and Gurumapa (Official Website)
Ratnakirti Mahavihara Makhanbaha Kathmandu
Mulashree Mahavihara Mubaha Kathmandu
Mantrasiddhi Mahavihara Sawalbaha Kathmandu
Rajakirti Mahavihara Tebaha South of New Road, Kathmandu 5th century AD [2]
Shreekhanda Mahavihara Kathmandu
Brahmachakra Mahavihara Ombaha Kathmandu
Bajrasheel Mahavihara Ikubaha Kathmandu
Munisangha Mahavihara Mikhabaha Kathmandu
Kirtipunya Mahavihara Laganbaha Kathmandu
Manisingha Mahavihara Musunbaha (Inner) Kathmandu
Manisangha Mahavihara Musunbaha (Outer) Kathmandu
Vikramashila Mahavihara Bhagwan Baha Thanbahil, Kathmandu Visited by Pandita Atisha Shrijana of Nalanda in 1041,[7] houses Saharsha Prajnaparamita dated 1223 AD [8]
Hiranya Varna Mahavihar Kwabaha Lalitpur 12th century by Bhaskara Deva Verma [9] Houses Prajnaparamita dated B.S.1282 (A.D. 1226-1227)[1]
Rudravarna Mahavihara Uku baha Lalitpur
Ratnakar Mahavihara Ha Bahal Lalitpur
Yasodhar Mahavihara Lalitpur
Jyesthavarna Mahavihara Tanga Baha (Chaku Baha) Lalitpur Contains an inscription dated N.S. 245 (1125 A.D.)[1]
Dharmakirti Mahavihara Ta Baha Lalitpur
Dattanama Mahavihara Dau Baha Lalitpur
Gunalakshmi Mahavihara Dhum Baha Lalitpur
Chakravarna Mahavihara Cuka Baha Lalitpur Founded by Manadeva I [1]
Bajrakirti Mahavihara Wam Baha Lalitpur Inscription dates back to N.S.561 (1441A.D)[1]
Rudradeva Mahavihara Lalitpur
Vaishyavarna Mahavihara Guji Baha Lalitpur Housed a manuscript dated N.S. 373 (1253 A.D.)[1]
Mayuravarna Mahavihara Bhinche Baha Lalitpur
Jayamanohara Mahavihara Su Baha Lalitpur
Sri Vaccha Mahavihara Si Baha Lalitpur Houses a Pancharaksa manuscript dated N.S. 509 (1389 A.D)[1]
Baladhar Mahavihara Lalitpur
Akshyashwara Mahavihara Lalitpur
Raksheshwara Mahavihara Lalitpur
Lokakirti Mahavihara Lalitpur
Napichandra Mahavihara Lalitpur
Gopichandra Mahavihara Lalitpur
Lalitchandra Mahavihara Lalitpur
Saptapur Mahavihara Lalitpur
Padmoccha Mahavihara Lalitpur
Rajashree Mahavihara Lalitpur
Manimandap Mahavihara Lalitpur
Chandrasurya Mahavihara Lalitpur
Jayashree Mahavihara Lalitpur
Gustala Mahavihara Lalitpur
Lokakirti Mahavihara Lalitpur
Thaveer Patra Mahavihara Lalitpur
Kamukanama Mahavihara Lalitpur
Itiraja Mahavihara Lalitpur
Basuraja Mahavihara Lalitpur
Laskadyo Baha Bhaktapur
Inacho Baha Bhaktapur
Tadhi Chen Baha Bhaktapur

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