List of Major League Baseball batting champions

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Portrait of a man wearing a high collar, held closed with a safety pin.
Ty Cobb won more batting titles than any other player, though the precise number is unclear because of the race in the 1910 American League.

In baseball, batting average (AVG) is a measure of a batter's success rate in achieving a hit during an at bat. In Major League Baseball (MLB), it is calculated by dividing a player's hits by his at bats (AB). In MLB, a player in each league[L] wins the "batting title" each season for having the highest batting average that year.[1][2] Under current rules, a player must have 3.1 plate appearances (PA) per team game (for a total of 502 over the current 162-game season) to qualify for the batting title.[3] However, if a player's lead in AVG is sufficiently large that enough hitless at bats can be added to reach this requirement and the player still would have the highest batting average, he wins the title.[3] Tony Gwynn, for example, had 159 hits in 451 ABs in 1996 (.353 average) but only 498 PAs.[4] Gwynn's batting average would have dropped to .349 (159 hits in 455 ABs) with four hitless ABs added to reach the 502 PA requirement, but this would still have been higher than the next-highest eligible player, so he was awarded the 1996 National League (NL) batting title.[5]

The first batting average champion in the NL was Ross Barnes; in the league's inaugural 1876 season, Barnes batted .429 for the Chicago White Stockings.[6] The American League (AL) was established in 1901, and Hall of Fame second baseman Nap Lajoie led that league with a .426 average for the Philadelphia Athletics.[7] Ty Cobb of the Detroit Tigers, who also holds the highest career batting average of .366, led the AL in average in 11 (or 12) seasons.[8] Honus Wagner and Gwynn are tied for the second-most titles, with eight apiece in the NL.[4][9] It is unclear whether Lajoie or Cobb won the 1910 AL title, with some sources attributing the title to each man.[1910a] If Cobb is credited with the 1910 title, he won 9 consecutive titles from 1907 to 1915 and 12 total titles for his career. Otherwise, Rogers Hornsby won the most consecutive titles, with six from 1920 to 1925. Without the 1910 title, Cobb still led the league in five consecutive seasons from 1911 to 1915. Cobb holds the record for highest average in two and three consecutive seasons (.414 from 1911 to 1912 and .408 from 1911 to 1913), but Hornsby holds the record for four and five consecutive seasons (.404 from 1922 to 1925 and .402 from 1921 to 1925).[10] Wagner, Rod Carew, Wade Boggs, and Gwynn have each won four consecutive titles. Lajoie also had a streak of four league-leading seasons from 1901 to 1904 if he is credited with the contested AL title in 1902.[1902a]

Barnes' initial NL-leading average of .4286 in 1876 set the single-season record which stood for a decade.[11] Tip O'Neill topped this total with a .4352 average in 1887, and Hugh Duffy set the current record mark in 1894 by posting a .4397 batting average.[11] Under the current 3.1 PA qualification, players have posted a .400 batting average for a season 28 times.[12] Ted Williams' .4057 in 1941 the most recent such season, one of 13 to occur since 1900.[12] George Brett in 1980 is the only player to maintain a .400 average into September since 1941.[13] Additionally, only Brett and John Olerud in 1993 maintained such an average into August.[13] With the modern scarcity of .400 hitters, recent players who have been above .400 early in the season, such as Chipper Jones in 2008, have drawn significant attention in the media.[13][14] Brett's .390 in 1980 and Gwynn's .394 in 1994 are the only seasons in which a player reached .390 since 1941. Carl Yastrzemski's .301 in the 1968 American League was the lowest batting average ever to lead a league. Willie Keeler's 1897 and Zack Wheat's 1918 are the only two title seasons in which the winner hit no home runs.[15][16] Joe Mauer's 2006 title made him the first catcher to ever win an AL batting title, and his third title in 2009 surpassed Ernie Lombardi's previous record of two titles for a catcher in any league.[17][18][19][20] The most recent champions are Miguel Cabrera, at .348 in the AL, and Michael Cuddyer, at .336 in the NL.

The closest finish in a batting race came in 1945 when Snuffy Stirnweiss batted .309, topping Tony Cuccinello's .308 average for the American League title by .00009.[21][22] George Kell beat out Williams in 1949 by .00016 points.[21] The closest race in the National League came in 2003 when Albert Pujols held off Todd Helton on the last day of the season by .00022.[21][23] The closest National League race before that was in 1931 with Chick Hafey edging out Bill Terry by .00028.[21] Lajoie's .426 average in 1901 was 86 points higher than runner-up Mike Donlin's .340, the largest margin of victory for a batting champion. Cap Anson's .399 in 1881 was 71 points higher than Joe Start in 1881, the widest margin in the National League. No player has definitively won batting titles in both the American and National Leagues. However, Ed Delahanty has if he is credited with the disputed 1902 American League title, as he was also the 1899 National League champion. The only other player to win titles in multiple leagues was Pete Browning, who won American Association titles in 1882 and 1885, along with the lone Players' League championship in 1890. Ross Barnes and Deacon White each won National Association and National League titles, but the National Association is not regarded as an official league.[L]

In 1990, Willie McGee posted a .335 average over 542 at-bats in the NL before being traded to the AL on August 29.[24] Although McGee finished the season in the AL his performance qualified him in the NL, and he won the league batting title narrowly over Eddie Murray's .330. However, McGee batted .273 that season in the AL, bringing down his overall average and allowing Murray to lead the majors in batting average.[24][25]

Key[edit]

Winner Player with the highest batting average (AVG) in the league
AVG The winner's batting average
Runner-up Player with the second-highest batting average in the league
2nd AVG The second-highest batting average
League Denoted only for players outside of the modern major leagues
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

National League[edit]

A mustachioed man in a dark jacket with a broad collar, white shirt, and dark tie.
Ross Barnes' .429 in 1876 set a single-season record that stood for a decade.
A man in a dark baseball cap and white shirt with a dark collar holds a baseball bat in both hands.
Honus Wagner was the first batter to win eight NL batting titles and won four consecutive titles during that run.
A man in a blue batting helmet and baseball uniform stands in a left-handed batting stance.
Tony Gwynn also won eight NL batting titles and had the highest batting average for a season, .394, since 1941.
Year Winner AVG Team(s) Runner-up 2nd AVG Ref
1876 Barnes, RossRoss Barnes .429 Chicago White Stockings Hall, GeorgeGeorge Hall .366 [26]
1877 White, DeaconDeacon White .387 Boston Red Caps Cassidy, JohnJohn Cassidy .378 [27]
1878 Hines, PaulPaul Hines .358 Providence Grays Dalrymple, AbnerAbner Dalrymple .354 [28]
1879 Hines, PaulPaul Hines .357 Providence Grays O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke .348 [29]
1880 Gore, GeorgeGeorge Gore .360 Chicago White Stockings Anson, CapCap Anson .337 [30]
1881 Anson, CapCap Anson .399 Chicago White Stockings Powell, MartinMartin Powell .338 [31]
1882 Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .368 Buffalo Bisons Anson, CapCap Anson .362 [32]
1883 Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .374 Buffalo Bisons Connor, RogerRoger Connor .357 [33]
1884 Kelly, KingKing Kelly .354 Chicago White Stockings O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke .347 [34]
1885 Connor, RogerRoger Connor .371 New York Giants Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .359 [35]
1886 Kelly, KingKing Kelly .388 Chicago White Stockings Anson, CapCap Anson .371 [36]
1887 Thompson, SamSam Thompson .372 Detroit Wolverines Anson, CapCap Anson .347 [37]
1888 Anson, CapCap Anson .344 Chicago White Stockings Ryan, JimmyJimmy Ryan .332 [38]
1889 Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .373 Boston Beaneaters Glasscock, JackJack Glasscock .352 [39]
1890 Glasscock, JackJack Glasscock .336 New York Giants Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton .325 [40]
1891 Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton .340 Philadelphia Phillies Holliday, BugBug Holliday .319 [41]
1892 Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .335 Brooklyn Grooms Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton .330 [42]
1893 Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton .380 Philadelphia Phillies Thompson, SamSam Thompson .370 [43]
1894 Duffy, HughHugh Duffy .440 Boston Beaneaters Turner, TuckTuck Turner .418 [44]
1895 Burkett, JesseJesse Burkett .405 Cleveland Spiders Delahanty, EdEd Delahanty .404 [45]
1896 Burkett, JesseJesse Burkett .410 Cleveland Spiders Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings .401 [46]
1897 Keeler, WillieWillie Keeler .424 Baltimore Orioles Clarke, FredFred Clarke .390 [47]
1898 Keeler, WillieWillie Keeler .385 Baltimore Orioles Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton .369 [48]
1899 Delahanty, EdEd Delahanty .410 Philadelphia Phillies Burkett, JesseJesse Burkett .396 [49]
1900 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .381 Pittsburgh Pirates Flick, ElmerElmer Flick .367 [50]
1901 Burkett, JesseJesse Burkett .376 St. Louis Cardinals Delahanty, EdEd Delahanty .354 [51]
1902 Beaumont, GingerGinger Beaumont .357 Pittsburgh Pirates Crawford, SamSam Crawford .333 [52]
1903 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .355 Pittsburgh Pirates Clarke, FredFred Clarke .351 [53]
1904 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .349 Pittsburgh Pirates Donlin, MikeMike Donlin .329 [54]
1905 Seymour, CyCy Seymour .377 Cincinnati Reds Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .363 [55]
1906 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .339 Pittsburgh Pirates Steinfeldt, HarryHarry Steinfeldt .327 [56]
1907 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .350 Pittsburgh Pirates Magee, SherrySherry Magee .328 [57]
1908 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .354 Pittsburgh Pirates Donlin, MikeMike Donlin .334 [58]
1909 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .339 Pittsburgh Pirates Mitchell, MikeMike Mitchell .310 [59]
1910 Magee, SherrySherry Magee .331 Philadelphia Phillies Campbell, VinVin Campbell .326 [60]
1911 Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner .334 Pittsburgh Pirates Miller, DocDoc Miller .333 [61]
1912 Zimmerman, HeinieHeinie Zimmerman .372 Chicago Cubs Meyers, ChiefChief Meyers .358 [62]
1913 Daubert, JakeJake Daubert .350 Brooklyn Superbas Cravath, GavvyGavvy Cravath .341 [63]
1914 Daubert, JakeJake Daubert .329 Brooklyn Robins Becker, BealsBeals Becker .325 [64]
1915 Doyle, LarryLarry Doyle .320 New York Giants Luderus, FredFred Luderus .315 [65]
1916 Chase, HalHal Chase .339 Cincinnati Reds Daubert, JakeJake Daubert .316 [66]
1917 Roush, EddEdd Roush .341 Cincinnati Reds Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .327 [67]
1918 Wheat, ZackZack Wheat .335 Brooklyn Robins Roush, EddEdd Roush .333 [68]
1919 Roush, EddEdd Roush .321 Cincinnati Reds Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .318 [69]
1920 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .370 St. Louis Cardinals Youngs, RossRoss Youngs .351 [70]
1921 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .397 St. Louis Cardinals Roush, EddEdd Roush .352 [71]
1922 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .401 St. Louis Cardinals Grimes, RayRay Grimes .354 [72]
1923 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .384 St. Louis Cardinals Bottomley, JimJim Bottomley .371 [73]
1924 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .424 St. Louis Cardinals Wheat, ZackZack Wheat .375 [74]
1925 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .403 St. Louis Cardinals Bottomley, JimJim Bottomley .367 [75]
1926 Hargrave, BubblesBubbles Hargrave .353 Cincinnati Reds Christensen, CuckooCuckoo Christensen .350 [76]
1927 Waner, PaulPaul Waner .380 Pittsburgh Pirates Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .361 [77]
1928 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby .387 Boston Braves Waner, PaulPaul Waner .370 [78]
1929 O'Doul, LeftyLefty O'Doul .398 Philadelphia Phillies Herman, BabeBabe Herman .381 [79]
1930 Terry, BillBill Terry .401 New York Giants Herman, BabeBabe Herman .393 [80]
1931 Hafey, ChickChick Hafey .349 St. Louis Cardinals Terry, BillBill Terry .349 [81]
1932 O'Doul, LeftyLefty O'Doul .368 Brooklyn Dodgers Terry, BillBill Terry .350 [82]
1933 Klein, ChuckChuck Klein .368 Philadelphia Phillies Davis, SpudSpud Davis .349 [83]
1934 Waner, PaulPaul Waner .362 Pittsburgh Pirates Terry, BillBill Terry .354 [84]
1935 Vaughan, ArkyArky Vaughan .385 Pittsburgh Pirates Medwick, JoeJoe Medwick .353 [85]
1936 Waner, PaulPaul Waner .373 Pittsburgh Pirates Phelps, BabeBabe Phelps .367 [86]
1937 Medwick, JoeJoe Medwick .374 St. Louis Cardinals Mize, JohnnyJohnny Mize .364 [87]
1938 Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi .342 Cincinnati Reds Mize, JohnnyJohnny Mize .337 [88]
1939 Mize, JohnnyJohnny Mize .349 St. Louis Cardinals McCormick, FrankFrank McCormick .332 [89]
1940 Garms, DebsDebs Garms .355 Pittsburgh Pirates Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi .319 [90]
1941 Reiser, PetePete Reiser .343 Brooklyn Dodgers Cooney, JohnnyJohnny Cooney .319 [91]
1942 Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi .330 Boston Braves Slaughter, EnosEnos Slaughter .318 [92]
1943 Musial, StanStan Musial .357 St. Louis Cardinals Herman, BillyBilly Herman .330 [93]
1944 Walker, DixieDixie Walker .357 Brooklyn Dodgers Musial, StanStan Musial .347 [94]
1945 Cavarretta, PhilPhil Cavarretta .355 Chicago Cubs Holmes, TommyTommy Holmes .352 [95]
1946 Musial, StanStan Musial .365 St. Louis Cardinals Hopp, JohnnyJohnny Hopp .333 [96]
1947 Walker, HarryHarry Walker .363 St. Louis Cardinals
Philadelphia Phillies
Elliott, BobBob Elliott .317 [97]
1948 Musial, StanStan Musial .376 St. Louis Cardinals Ashburn, RichieRichie Ashburn .333 [98]
1949 Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson .342 Brooklyn Dodgers Musial, StanStan Musial .338 [99]
1950 Musial, StanStan Musial .346 St. Louis Cardinals Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson .328 [100]
1951 Musial, StanStan Musial .355 St. Louis Cardinals Ashburn, RichieRichie Ashburn .344 [101]
1952 Musial, StanStan Musial .336 St. Louis Cardinals Baumholtz, FrankFrank Baumholtz .325 [102]
1953 Furillo, CarlCarl Furillo .344 Brooklyn Dodgers Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst .342 [103]
1954 Mays, WillieWillie Mays .345 New York Giants Mueller, DonDon Mueller .342 [104]
1955 Ashburn, RichieRichie Ashburn .338 Philadelphia Phillies Mays, WillieWillie Mays .319 [105]
1956 Aaron, HankHank Aaron .328 Milwaukee Braves Virdon, BillBill Virdon .319 [106]
1957 Musial, StanStan Musial .351 St. Louis Cardinals Mays, WillieWillie Mays .333 [107]
1958 Ashburn, RichieRichie Ashburn .350 Philadelphia Phillies Mays, WillieWillie Mays .347 [108]
1959 Aaron, HankHank Aaron .355 Milwaukee Braves Cunningham, JoeJoe Cunningham .345 [109]
1960 Groat, DickDick Groat .325 Pittsburgh Pirates Larker, NormNorm Larker .323 [110]
1961 Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .351 Pittsburgh Pirates Pinson, VadaVada Pinson .343 [111]
1962 Davis, TommyTommy Davis .346 Los Angeles Dodgers Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson .342 [112]
1963 Davis, TommyTommy Davis .326 Los Angeles Dodgers Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .320 [113]
1964 Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .339 Pittsburgh Pirates Carty, RicoRico Carty .330 [114]
1965 Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .329 Pittsburgh Pirates Aaron, HankHank Aaron .318 [115]
1966 Alou, MattyMatty Alou .342 Pittsburgh Pirates Alou, FelipeFelipe Alou .327 [116]
1967 Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .357 Pittsburgh Pirates González, TonyTony González .339 [117]
1968 Rose, PetePete Rose .335 Cincinnati Reds Alou, MattyMatty Alou .332 [118]
1969 Rose, PetePete Rose .348 Cincinnati Reds Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente .345 [119]
1970 Carty, RicoRico Carty .366 Atlanta Braves Torre, JoeJoe Torre .325 [120]
1971 Torre, JoeJoe Torre .363 St. Louis Cardinals Garr, RalphRalph Garr .343 [121]
1972 Williams, BillyBilly Williams .333 Chicago Cubs Garr, RalphRalph Garr .325 [122]
1973 Rose, PetePete Rose .338 Cincinnati Reds Cedeño, CésarCésar Cedeño .320 [123]
1974 Garr, RalphRalph Garr .353 Atlanta Braves Oliver, AlAl Oliver .321 [124]
1975 Madlock, BillBill Madlock .354 Chicago Cubs Simmons, TedTed Simmons .332 [125]
1976 Madlock, BillBill Madlock .339 Chicago Cubs Griffey, Sr., KenKen Griffey, Sr. .336 [126]
1977 Parker, DaveDave Parker .338 Pittsburgh Pirates Stennett, RennieRennie Stennett .336 [127]
1978 Parker, DaveDave Parker .334 Pittsburgh Pirates Garvey, SteveSteve Garvey .316 [128]
1979 Hernandez, KeithKeith Hernandez .344 St. Louis Cardinals Rose, PetePete Rose .331 [129]
1980 Buckner, BillBill Buckner .324 Chicago Cubs Hernandez, KeithKeith Hernandez .321 [130]
1981 Madlock, BillBill Madlock .341 Pittsburgh Pirates Rose, PetePete Rose .325 [131]
1982 Oliver, AlAl Oliver .331 Montreal Expos Madlock, BillBill Madlock .319 [132]
1983 Madlock, BillBill Madlock .323 Pittsburgh Pirates Smith, LonnieLonnie Smith .321 [133]
1984 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .351 San Diego Padres Lacy, LeeLee Lacy .321 [134]
1985 McGee, WillieWillie McGee .353 St. Louis Cardinals Guerrero, PedroPedro Guerrero .320 [135]
1986 Raines, TimTim Raines .334 Montreal Expos Sax, SteveSteve Sax .332 [136]
1987 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .370 San Diego Padres Guerrero, PedroPedro Guerrero .338 [137]
1988 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .313 San Diego Padres Palmeiro, RafaelRafael Palmeiro .307 [138]
1989 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .336 San Diego Padres Clark, WillWill Clark .333 [139]
1990 McGee, WillieWillie McGee .335 St. Louis Cardinals Murray, EddieEddie Murray .330 [140]
1991 Pendleton, TerryTerry Pendleton .319 Atlanta Braves Morris, HalHal Morris .318 [141]
1992 Sheffield, GaryGary Sheffield .330 San Diego Padres Van Slyke, AndyAndy Van Slyke .324 [142]
1993 Galarraga, AndrésAndrés Galarraga .370 Colorado Rockies Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .358 [143]
1994 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .394 San Diego Padres Bagwell, JeffJeff Bagwell .368 [144]
1995 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .368 San Diego Padres Piazza, MikeMike Piazza .346 [145]
1996 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .353 San Diego Padres Burks, EllisEllis Burks .344 [5]
1997 Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn .372 San Diego Padres Walker, LarryLarry Walker .366 [146]
1998 Walker, LarryLarry Walker .363 Colorado Rockies Olerud, JohnJohn Olerud .354 [147]
1999 Walker, LarryLarry Walker .379 Colorado Rockies Gonzalez, LuisLuis Gonzalez .336 [148]
2000 Helton, ToddTodd Helton .372 Colorado Rockies Alou, MoisésMoisés Alou .355 [149]
2001 Walker, LarryLarry Walker .350 Colorado Rockies Helton, ToddTodd Helton .336 [150]
2002 Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds .370 San Francisco Giants Walker, LarryLarry Walker .338 [151]
2003 Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols .359 St. Louis Cardinals Helton, ToddTodd Helton .358 [23]
2004 Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds .362 San Francisco Giants Helton, ToddTodd Helton .347 [152]
2005 Lee, DerrekDerrek Lee .335 Chicago Cubs Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols .330 [153]
2006 Sanchez, FreddyFreddy Sanchez .344 Pittsburgh Pirates Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera .339 [154]
2007 Holliday, MattMatt Holliday .340 Colorado Rockies Jones, ChipperChipper Jones .337 [155]
2008 Jones, ChipperChipper Jones .364 Atlanta Braves Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols .357 [156]
2009 Ramírez, HanleyHanley Ramírez .342 Florida Marlins Sandoval, PabloPablo Sandoval .330 [157]
2010 González, CarlosCarlos González .336 Colorado Rockies Votto, JoeyJoey Votto .324 [158]
2011 Reyes, JoséJosé Reyes .337 New York Mets Braun, RyanRyan Braun .332 [159]
2012 Posey, BusterBuster Posey .336 San Francisco Giants McCutchen, AndrewAndrew McCutchen .327 [160]
2013 Cuddyer, MichaelMichael Cuddyer .331 Colorado Rockies Johnson, ChrisChris Johnson .321 [161]
2014 Morneau, JustinJustin Morneau .319 Colorado Rockies Harrison, JoshJosh Harrison .315 [162]

American League[edit]

A man with dark hair in a dark baseball cap and a white baseball jersey with "CLEVELAND" on the chest.
Nap Lajoie led the American League in its inaugural season with a .426 batting average, one of just 13 seasons of a .400+ average in the 20th century. In addition, Lajoie was a part of two separate contested batting average races in 1902 and 1910.
Wade Boggs wearing the 2008 American League All-Star uniform
Wade Boggs won four consecutive batting titles from 1985 to 1988.
An older man with short gray hair in a black and white horizontally striped shirt looks to his left.
George Brett's .390 batting average in 1980 is the second-highest since 1941, the last season in which a player hit .400.
A man in a left-handed batting stance wearing pinstriped gray pants, a black shinguard on his right leg, a dark blue baseball jersey, and a dark-colored batting helmet.
Joe Mauer won the 2006, 2008, and 2009 batting titles, becoming the first catcher to win three batting titles and the only catcher ever to win in the AL.
Year Winner AVG Team(s) Runner-up 2nd AVG Ref
1901 Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie .426 Philadelphia Athletics Donlin, MikeMike Donlin .340 [163]
1902 Disputed[1902b]
1903 Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie .344 Cleveland Naps Crawford, SamSam Crawford .335 [164]
1904 Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie .376 Cleveland Naps Keeler, WillieWillie Keeler .343 [165]
1905 Flick, ElmerElmer Flick .308 Cleveland Naps Keeler, WillieWillie Keeler .302 [166]
1906 Stone, GeorgeGeorge Stone .358 St. Louis Browns Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie .355 [167]
1907 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .350 Detroit Tigers Crawford, SamSam Crawford .323 [168]
1908 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .324 Detroit Tigers Crawford, SamSam Crawford .311 [169]
1909 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .377 Detroit Tigers Collins, EddieEddie Collins .347 [170]
1910 Disputed[1910b]
1911 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .420 Detroit Tigers Jackson, Shoeless JoeShoeless Joe Jackson .408 [171]
1912 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .409 Detroit Tigers Jackson, Shoeless JoeShoeless Joe Jackson .395 [172]
1913 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .390 Detroit Tigers Jackson, Shoeless JoeShoeless Joe Jackson .373 [173]
1914 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .368 Detroit Tigers Collins, EddieEddie Collins .344 [174]
1915 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .369 Detroit Tigers Collins, EddieEddie Collins .332 [175]
1916 Speaker, TrisTris Speaker .386 Cleveland Indians Cobb, TyTy Cobb .371 [176]
1917 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .383 Detroit Tigers Sisler, GeorgeGeorge Sisler .353 [177]
1918 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .382 Detroit Tigers Burns, GeorgeGeorge Burns .352 [178]
1919 Cobb, TyTy Cobb .384 Detroit Tigers Veach, BobbyBobby Veach .355 [179]
1920 Sisler, GeorgeGeorge Sisler .407 St. Louis Browns Speaker, TrisTris Speaker .388 [180]
1921 Heilmann, HarryHarry Heilmann .394 Detroit Tigers Cobb, TyTy Cobb .389 [181]
1922 Sisler, GeorgeGeorge Sisler .420 St. Louis Browns Cobb, TyTy Cobb .401 [182]
1923 Heilmann, HarryHarry Heilmann .403 Detroit Tigers Ruth, BabeBabe Ruth .393 [183]
1924 Ruth, BabeBabe Ruth .378 New York Yankees Jamieson, CharlieCharlie Jamieson .359 [184]
1925 Heilmann, HarryHarry Heilmann .393 Detroit Tigers Speaker, TrisTris Speaker .389 [185]
1926 Manush, HeinieHeinie Manush .378 Detroit Tigers Ruth, BabeBabe Ruth .372 [186]
1927 Heilmann, HarryHarry Heilmann .398 Detroit Tigers Simmons, AlAl Simmons .392 [187]
1928 Goslin, GooseGoose Goslin .379 Washington Senators Manush, HeinieHeinie Manush .378 [188]
1929 Fonseca, LewLew Fonseca .369 Cleveland Indians Simmons, AlAl Simmons .365 [189]
1930 Simmons, AlAl Simmons .381 Philadelphia Athletics Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig .379 [190]
1931 Simmons, AlAl Simmons .390 Philadelphia Athletics Ruth, BabeBabe Ruth .373 [191]
1932 Alexander, DaleDale Alexander .367 Detroit Tigers
Boston Red Sox
Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx .364 [192]
1933 Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx .356 Philadelphia Athletics Manush, HeinieHeinie Manush .336 [193]
1934 Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig .363 New York Yankees Gehringer, CharlieCharlie Gehringer .356 [194]
1935 Myer, BuddyBuddy Myer .349 Washington Senators Vosmik, JoeJoe Vosmik .348 [195]
1936 Appling, LukeLuke Appling .388 Chicago White Sox Averill, EarlEarl Averill .378 [196]
1937 Gehringer, CharlieCharlie Gehringer .371 Detroit Tigers Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig .351 [197]
1938 Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx .349 Boston Red Sox Heath, JeffJeff Heath .343 [198]
1939 DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio .381 New York Yankees Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx .360 [199]
1940 DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio .352 New York Yankees Appling, LukeLuke Appling .348 [200]
1941 Williams, TedTed Williams .406 Boston Red Sox Travis, CecilCecil Travis .359 [201]
1942 Williams, TedTed Williams .356 Boston Red Sox Pesky, JohnnyJohnny Pesky .331 [202]
1943 Appling, LukeLuke Appling .328 Chicago White Sox Wakefield, DickDick Wakefield .316 [203]
1944 Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau .327 Cleveland Indians Doerr, BobbyBobby Doerr .325 [204]
1945 Stirnweiss, SnuffySnuffy Stirnweiss .309 New York Yankees Cuccinello, TonyTony Cuccinello .308 [22]
1946 Vernon, MickeyMickey Vernon .353 Washington Senators Williams, TedTed Williams .342 [205]
1947 Williams, TedTed Williams .343 Boston Red Sox McCosky, BarneyBarney McCosky .328 [206]
1948 Williams, TedTed Williams .369 Boston Red Sox Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau .355 [207]
1949 Kell, GeorgeGeorge Kell .343 Detroit Tigers Williams, TedTed Williams .343 [208]
1950 Goodman, BillyBilly Goodman .354 Boston Red Sox Kell, GeorgeGeorge Kell .340 [209]
1951 Fain, FerrisFerris Fain .344 Philadelphia Athletics Miñoso, MinnieMinnie Miñoso .326 [210]
1952 Fain, FerrisFerris Fain .327 Philadelphia Athletics Mitchell, DaleDale Mitchell .323 [211]
1953 Vernon, MickeyMickey Vernon .337 Washington Senators Rosen, AlAl Rosen .336 [212]
1954 Ávila, BobbyBobby Ávila .341 Cleveland Indians Williams, TedTed Williams .345[1954] [213]
1955 Kaline, AlAl Kaline .340 Detroit Tigers Power, VicVic Power .319 [214]
1956 Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle .353 New York Yankees Williams, TedTed Williams .345 [215]
1957 Williams, TedTed Williams .388 Boston Red Sox Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle .365 [216]
1958 Williams, TedTed Williams .328 Boston Red Sox Runnels, PetePete Runnels .322 [217]
1959 Kuenn, HarveyHarvey Kuenn .353 Detroit Tigers Kaline, AlAl Kaline .327 [218]
1960 Runnels, PetePete Runnels .320 Boston Red Sox Smith, AlAl Smith .315 [219]
1961 Cash, NormNorm Cash .361 Detroit Tigers Kaline, AlAl Kaline .324 [220]
1962 Runnels, PetePete Runnels .326 Boston Red Sox Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle .321 [221]
1963 Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski .321 Boston Red Sox Kaline, AlAl Kaline .312 [222]
1964 Oliva, TonyTony Oliva .323 Minnesota Twins Robinson, BrooksBrooks Robinson .317 [223]
1965 Oliva, TonyTony Oliva .321 Minnesota Twins Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski .312 [224]
1966 Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson .316 Baltimore Orioles Oliva, TonyTony Oliva .307 [225]
1967 Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski .326 Boston Red Sox Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson .311 [226]
1968 Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski .301 Boston Red Sox Cater, DannyDanny Cater .290 [227]
1969 Carew, RodRod Carew .332 Minnesota Twins Smith, ReggieReggie Smith .309 [228]
1970 Johnson, AlexAlex Johnson .329 California Angels Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski .329 [229]
1971 Oliva, TonyTony Oliva .337 Minnesota Twins Murcer, BobbyBobby Murcer .331 [230]
1972 Carew, RodRod Carew .318 Minnesota Twins Piniella, LouLou Piniella .312 [231]
1973 Carew, RodRod Carew .350 Minnesota Twins Scott, GeorgeGeorge Scott .306 [232]
1974 Carew, RodRod Carew .364 Minnesota Twins Orta, JorgeJorge Orta .316 [233]
1975 Carew, RodRod Carew .359 Minnesota Twins Lynn, FredFred Lynn .331 [234]
1976 Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett .333 Kansas City Royals McRae, HalHal McRae .332 [235]
1977 Carew, RodRod Carew .388 Minnesota Twins Bostock, LymanLyman Bostock .336 [236]
1978 Carew, RodRod Carew .333 Minnesota Twins Oliver, AlAl Oliver .324 [237]
1979 Lynn, FredFred Lynn .333 Boston Red Sox Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett .329 [238]
1980 Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett .390 Kansas City Royals Cooper, CecilCecil Cooper .352 [239]
1981 Lansford, CarneyCarney Lansford .336 Boston Red Sox Paciorek, TomTom Paciorek .326 [240]
1982 Wilson, WillieWillie Wilson .332 Kansas City Royals Yount, RobinRobin Yount .331 [241]
1983 Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .361 Boston Red Sox Carew, RodRod Carew .339 [242]
1984 Mattingly, DonDon Mattingly .343 New York Yankees Winfield, DaveDave Winfield .340 [243]
1985 Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .368 Boston Red Sox Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett .335 [244]
1986 Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .357 Boston Red Sox Mattingly, DonDon Mattingly .352 [245]
1987 Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .363 Boston Red Sox Molitor, PaulPaul Molitor .353 [246]
1988 Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .366 Boston Red Sox Puckett, KirbyKirby Puckett .356 [247]
1989 Puckett, KirbyKirby Puckett .339 Minnesota Twins Lansford, CarneyCarney Lansford .336 [248]
1990 Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett .329 Kansas City Royals Henderson, RickeyRickey Henderson .325 [249]
1991 Franco, JulioJulio Franco .341 Texas Rangers Boggs, WadeWade Boggs .332 [250]
1992 Martínez, EdgarEdgar Martínez .343 Seattle Mariners Puckett, KirbyKirby Puckett .329 [251]
1993 Olerud, JohnJohn Olerud .363 Toronto Blue Jays Molitor, PaulPaul Molitor .332 [252]
1994 O'Neill, PaulPaul O'Neill .359 New York Yankees Belle, AlbertAlbert Belle .357 [253]
1995 Martínez, EdgarEdgar Martínez .356 Seattle Mariners Knoblauch, ChuckChuck Knoblauch .333 [254]
1996 Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez .358 Seattle Mariners Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas .349 [255]
1997 Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas .347 Chicago White Sox Martínez, EdgarEdgar Martínez .330 [256]
1998 Williams, BernieBernie Williams .339 New York Yankees Vaughn, MoMo Vaughn .337 [257]
1999 Garciaparra, NomarNomar Garciaparra .357 Boston Red Sox Jeter, DerekDerek Jeter .349 [258]
2000 Garciaparra, NomarNomar Garciaparra .372 Boston Red Sox Erstad, DarinDarin Erstad .355 [259]
2001 Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki .350 Seattle Mariners Giambi, JasonJason Giambi .342 [260]
2002 Ramirez, MannyManny Ramirez .349 Boston Red Sox Sweeney, MikeMike Sweeney .340 [261]
2003 Mueller, BillBill Mueller .326 Boston Red Sox Ramirez, MannyManny Ramirez .325 [262]
2004 Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki .372 Seattle Mariners Mora, MelvinMelvin Mora .340 [263]
2005 Young, MichaelMichael Young .331 Texas Rangers Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez .321 [264]
2006 Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer .347 Minnesota Twins Jeter, DerekDerek Jeter .344 [265]
2007 Ordóñez, MagglioMagglio Ordóñez .363 Detroit Tigers Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki .351 [266]
2008 Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer .328 Minnesota Twins Pedroia, DustinDustin Pedroia .326 [267]
2009 Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer .365 Minnesota Twins Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki .352 [268]
2010 Hamilton, JoshJosh Hamilton .359 Texas Rangers Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera .328 [269]
2011 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera .344 Detroit Tigers Young, MichaelMichael Young .338 [270]
2012 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera .330 Detroit Tigers Trout, MikeMike Trout .326 [271]
2013 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera .348 Detroit Tigers Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer .324 [272]
2014 Altuve, JoseJose Altuve .341 Houston Astros Martinez, VictorVictor Martinez .335 [273]

Other major leagues[edit]

A man in a white pinstriped baseball uniform with a white baseball cap.
Benny Kauff won the only two Federal League batting titles in 1914 and 1915.
Year Winner AVG Team League Runner-up 2nd AVG Ref
1882 Browning, PetePete Browning .378 Louisville Eclipse American Association Carpenter, HickHick Carpenter .342 [274]
1883 Swartwood, EdEd Swartwood .357 Pittsburgh Alleghenys American Association Browning, PetePete Browning .338 [275]
1884 Orr, DaveDave Orr .354 New York Metropolitans American Association Reilly, JohnJohn Reilly .339 [276]
1884 Dunlap, FredFred Dunlap .412 St. Louis Maroons Union Association Shafer, OratorOrator Shafer .360 [277]
1885 Browning, PetePete Browning .362 Louisville Colonels American Association Orr, DaveDave Orr .342 [278]
1886 Hecker, GuyGuy Hecker .341 Louisville Colonels American Association Browning, PetePete Browning .340 [279]
1887 O'Neill, TipTip O'Neill .435 St. Louis Browns American Association Browning, PetePete Browning .402 [280]
1888 O'Neill, TipTip O'Neill .335 St. Louis Browns American Association Reilly, JohnJohn Reilly .321 [281]
1889 Tucker, TommyTommy Tucker .372 Baltimore Orioles American Association O'Neill, TipTip O'Neill .335 [282]
1890 Wolf, ChickenChicken Wolf .363 Louisville Colonels American Association Lyons, DennyDenny Lyons .354 [283]
1890 Browning, PetePete Browning .373 Cleveland Infants Players' League Orr, DaveDave Orr .371 [284]
1891 Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers .350 Boston Reds American Association Duffy, HughHugh Duffy .326 [285]
1914 Kauff, BennyBenny Kauff .370 Indianapolis Hoosiers Federal League Evans, SteveSteve Evans .348 [286]
1915 Kauff, BennyBenny Kauff .342 Brooklyn Tip-Tops Federal League Fischer, WilliamWilliam Fischer .329 [287]

Footnotes[edit]

  • L Recognized "major leagues" include the current American and National Leagues and several defunct leagues – the American Association, the Federal League, the Players' League, and the Union Association.[288]
  • 1902a 1902b Sources differ as to whether Nap Lajoie or Ed Delahanty won the American League batting title in 1902 and differ slightly over Lajoie's precise statistics that season. The Hall of Fame credits Lajoie with 129 hits in 352 at bats (.368)[289] while MLB and Baseball-Reference show 133 hits in 352 at bats (.378).[290][291] According to Baseball-Reference a player qualified for a batting title prior to 1920 by appearing in 60% of his team's games—82 games in the 136 game schedule in 1902—and Lajoie appeared in 87 team games.[290][292][293] As such, Baseball-Reference credits Lajoie with the 1902 title, with Delahanty's .376 batting average placing second.[294] MLB's historical statistics leaderboards, however, use the modern standard of 3.1 plate appearances per team game (422 in that season) which Lajoie fell 37 short of.[290] Thus, MLB credits Delahanty with the 1902 title with his .376 average.[295] Similarly the Hall of Fame lists the 1902 title on Delahanty's plaque and not Lajoie's.[289][296]
  • 1910a 1910b Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians and the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[297][298][299] Cobb. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits in a doubleheader against the St. Louis Browns. Browns' manager Jack O'Connor supposedly told his third baseman Red Corriden to play back down the line all day, which allowed Lajoie easy bunt hits.[300] Cobb complained about the move, though American League President Ban Johnson said that a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway and Chalmers ultimately awarded cars to both players.[297][300]
  • 1954 Rules in 1954 required 2.6 at bats per team game, 400 for a 154-game schedule (the rule was changed in 1957 to the current requirement of 3.1 plate appearances per team game), to qualify for the title and hitless at bats could be added to reach this total.[292] Ted Williams posted a .345 average in 1954 over only 386 at bats, and the required hitless at bats drop him below Avila's league-leading .341 average.[213]

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