List of Major League Baseball pitchers who have struck out four batters in one inning

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A smiling man wearing a black baseball cap with sunglasses attached and a black and yellow baseball jersey with "PIRATES".
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A. J. Burnett (left), Chuck Finley (not pictured), and Zack Greinke (not pictured) are the only pitchers to strike out four batters in one inning on multiple occasions, while Orval Overall (right) is the only pitcher to achieve the feat in the World Series.

In baseball, a strikeout occurs when a pitcher throws three strikes to a batter during his time at bat.[1] Under Rules 6.05 and 6.09 of the Official Rules of Major League Baseball, a batter becomes a runner when a third strike is not caught by the catcher with no runners on first base or when there are two outs.[2] The strikeout is recorded, but the batter-runner must be tagged or forced out in order for the defensive team to register the out. Thus, it is possible for a pitcher to record more than three strikeouts in an inning.[3] As a result of this rule, 68 different pitchers have struck out four batters in a half-inning of a Major League Baseball (MLB) game as of 2014, the most recent being Justin Grimm of the Chicago Cubs on August 29, 2014.[4] Three players—Chuck Finley, A. J. Burnett and Zack Greinke—have accomplished the feat more than once in their career;[5] no player has ever struck out more than four batters in an inning. Ed Crane was the first player to strike out four batters in one inning, doing so in the fifth inning for the New York Giants against the Chicago White Stockings on October 4, 1888.[6]

Out of the 68 pitchers who have accomplished the feat, 51 were right-handed and 17 were left-handed. Eighteen of these players (including nine active pitchers) have played for only one major league team.[A] Three pitchers—Bob Gibson, Walter Johnson and Phil Niekro—are also members of the 3,000 strikeout club.[7] Finley is the only pitcher to achieve the feat on three separate occasions, as well as twice in a single season.[8] Pete Richert struck out four batters in the third inning of his first major league game, becoming the only player to attain the milestone in his debut.[9] Orval Overall is the sole player to strike out four batters in one inning in the World Series.[10]

Of the 26 players eligible for the Baseball Hall of Fame who have struck out four batters in an inning, four have been elected and two were elected on the first ballot.[11] Players are eligible for the Hall of Fame if they have played in at least 10 major league seasons, and have either been retired for five seasons or deceased for at least six months.[12] These requirements leave 24 players ineligible who are active, four who are living and have played in the past five seasons, and fourteen who did not play in 10 major league seasons.

Players[edit]

Key
Pitcher (X) Name of the pitcher and number of four strikeout innings they had pitched at that point
Date Date of the game
Team The player's team at the time of the game
Opposing team The team against whom the pitcher struck out four batters in one inning
Inning The inning in which the pitcher struck out four batters
Batters faced (X) The four batters who were struck out and number of four strikeout innings they had batted in at that point
Box Box score with play by play (if available)
º Indicates that the pitcher struck out all four batters consecutively
§ Denotes the batter who reached base
dagger Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
double-dagger Player is active[B][C]
MLB pitchers who have struck out four batters in one inning
Pitcher Date Team Opposing team Inning Batters faced Box
Crane, EdEd Craneº October 4, 1888 New York Giants Chicago White Stockings[13] 5th Fred Pfeffer, Ned Williamson, Tom Burns§, John Tener[14] n/a
Wiltse, HooksHooks Wiltseº May 15, 1906 New York Giants Cincinnati Reds[15] 5th Jim Delahanty§, Tommy Corcoran, Admiral Schlei, Chick Fraser[14] n/a
Overall, OrvalOrval Overall October 14, 1908 Chicago Cubs Detroit Tigers 1st Charley O'Leary, Ty Cobb, Claude Rossman§, Germany Schaefer [16]
Johnson, WalterWalter Johnsondagger April 15, 1911 Washington Senators Boston Red Sox[17] 5th Ray Collins, Larry Gardner§, Harry Hooper, Duffy Lewis[14][18] n/a
Morton, GuyGuy Morton June 11, 1916 Cleveland Indians Philadelphia Athletics 6th[D] Whitey Witt§, Charlie Pick, Nap Lajoie, Stuffy McInnis[19] [20]
Davis, JimJim Davisº May 27, 1956 Chicago Cubs St. Louis Cardinals 6th Hal Smith, Jackie Brandt, Lindy McDaniel§, Don Blasingame [21]
Nuxhall, JoeJoe Nuxhall August 11, 1959 Cincinnati Redlegs Milwaukee Braves 6th Eddie Mathews, Joe Adcock, Del Crandall§, Johnny Logan [22]
Duren, RyneRyne Duren May 18, 1961 Los Angeles Angels Chicago White Sox 7th Minnie Miñoso, Roy Sievers§, J. C. Martin, Sammy Esposito [23]
Richert, PetePete Richertº April 12, 1962 Los Angeles Dodgers Cincinnati Reds 3rd Frank Robinson, Gordy Coleman§, Wally Post, Johnny Edwards [24]
Stange, LeeLee Stange September 2, 1964 Cleveland Indians Washington Senators 7th Don Lock§, Willie Kirkland, Don Zimmer, John Kennedy [25]
Drysdale, DonDon Drysdaleºdagger April 17, 1965 Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies 2nd Wes Covington§, Tony González, Dick Stuart, Clay Dalrymple [26]
Gibson, BobBob Gibsondagger June 7, 1966 St. Louis Cardinals Pittsburgh Pirates 4th Jerry Lynch, Jim Pagliaroni, Bill Mazeroski§, Don Cardwell [27]
Cuellar, MikeMike Cuellarº May 29, 1970 Baltimore Orioles California Angels 4th Alex Johnson§, Ken McMullen, Tommie Reynolds, Jim Spencer [28]
Bonham, BillBill Bonhamº July 31, 1974 Chicago Cubs Montreal Expos 2nd Mike Torrez§, Ron Hunt, Tim Foli, Willie Davis [29]
Niekro, PhilPhil Niekrodagger July 29, 1977 Atlanta Braves Pittsburgh Pirates 6th Dave Parker, Bill Robinson, Rennie Stennett§, Omar Moreno [30]
Paxton, MikeMike Paxtonº July 21, 1978 Cleveland Indians Seattle Mariners 5th Dan Meyer§, Bruce Bochte, Tom Paciorek, Bill Stein [31]
Soto, MarioMario Sotoº May 17, 1984 Cincinnati Reds Chicago Cubs 3rd Tom Veryzer, Dick Ruthven, Bob Dernier§, Ryne Sandberg [32]
Scott, MikeMike Scott September 3, 1986 Houston Astros Chicago Cubs 5th Chris Speier§, Chico Walker, Dave Martinez, Ryne Sandberg (2) [33]
Witt, BobbyBobby Wittº August 2, 1987 Texas Rangers Baltimore Orioles 2nd Ray Knight, Terry Kennedy§, Mike Young, Ken Gerhart [34]
Hough, CharlieCharlie Hough July 4, 1988 Texas Rangers New York Yankees 1st Claudell Washington§, Jack Clark, Dave Winfield, Mike Pagliarulo [35]
Assenmacher, PaulPaul Assenmacher August 22, 1989 Atlanta Braves St. Louis Cardinals 5th Terry Pendleton, Milt Thompson, Tony Peña§, Ted Power [36]
Birtsas, TimTim Birtsas June 4, 1990 Cincinnati Reds San Francisco Giants 7th Greg Litton, Will Clark, Matt Williams§, Gary Carter [37]
Young, MattMatt Young September 9, 1990 Seattle Mariners Boston Red Sox 1st Jody Reed, Carlos Quintana, Wade Boggs§, Mike Greenwell [38]
Shuey, PaulPaul Shuey May 14, 1994 Cleveland Indians Detroit Tigers 9th Chad Kreuter, Chris Gomez, Travis Fryman§, Cecil Fielder [39]
Wohlers, MarkMark Wohlersº June 7, 1995 Atlanta Braves Chicago Cubs 9th Kevin Roberson, Rick Wilkins, Shawon Dunston§, Sammy Sosa [40]
Ruffin, BruceBruce Ruffin July 25, 1996 Colorado Rockies Chicago Cubs 9th Sammy Sosa (2), Scott Servais§, Leo Gómez, Brian McRae [41]
Appier, KevinKevin Appierº September 3, 1996 Kansas City Royals Toronto Blue Jays 4th Ed Sprague, Jr., Carlos Delgado§, Charlie O'Brien, Alex Gonzalez [42]
Wallace, DerekDerek Wallace September 13, 1996 New York Mets Atlanta Braves 9th Terry Pendleton§ (2), Chipper Jones, Ryan Klesko, Mike Mordecai [43]
Alvarez, WilsonWilson Álvarezº July 21, 1997 Chicago White Sox Detroit Tigers 7th Tony Clark, Phil Nevin§, Melvin Nieves, Orlando Miller [44]
Stein, BlakeBlake Stein July 27, 1998 Oakland Athletics Tampa Bay Devil Rays 4th Bubba Trammell, Rich Butler, Mike DiFelice§, Kevin Stocker [45]
Ojala, KirtKirt Ojalaº September 16, 1998 Florida Marlins Montreal Expos 4th Fernando Seguignol, Vladimir Guerrero§, Shane Andrews, Brad Fullmer [46]
Corbin, ArchieArchie Corbin April 28, 1999 Florida Marlins Chicago Cubs 7th Benito Santiago, Tyler Houston§, Steve Trachsel, Mickey Morandini [47]
Finley, ChuckChuck Finley May 12, 1999 Anaheim Angels New York Yankees 3rd Scott Brosius, Chuck Knoblauch, Derek Jeter§, Paul O'Neill [48]
Spradlin, JerryJerry Spradlin July 22, 1999 San Francisco Giants San Diego Padres 7th George Arias, Damian Jackson, Carlos Baerga§, Quilvio Veras [49]
Wakefield, TimTim Wakefield August 10, 1999 Boston Red Sox Kansas City Royals 9th Chad Kreuter, Scott Pose, Johnny Damon§, Carlos Beltrán [50]
Finley, ChuckChuck Finleyº (2) August 15, 1999 Anaheim Angels Detroit Tigers 1st Deivi Cruz, Juan Encarnación, Dean Palmer§, Tony Clark [51]
Kline, SteveSteve Klineº August 17, 1999 Montreal Expos San Francisco Giants 7th Brent Mayne, Shawn Estes§, Marvin Benard, Ramón Martínez [52]
Finley, ChuckChuck Finley (3) April 16, 2000 Cleveland Indians Texas Rangers 3rd Tom Evans, Royce Clayton, Chad Curtis§, Rafael Palmeiro [53]
Hiljus, ErikErik Hiljus June 30, 2001 Oakland Athletics Texas Rangers 7th Bo Porter, Michael Young§, Bill Haselman, Scott Sheldon [54]
Rodriguez, FrankFrank Rodriguez July 22, 2001 Cincinnati Reds Florida Marlins 7th Charles Johnson, Dave Berg, Ryan Thompson§, Mike Lowell [55]
Burnett, A. J.A. J. Burnettdouble-dagger July 5, 2002 Florida Marlins New York Mets 1st Mike Piazza, Mo Vaughn, Timo Pérez§, Roger Cedeño [56]
Wood, KerryKerry Woodº September 2, 2002 Chicago Cubs Milwaukee Brewers 4th Bill Hall, Ryan Thompson (2), Paul Bako§, Andrew Lorraine [57]
Sasaki, KazuhiroKazuhiro Sasakiº April 4, 2003 Seattle Mariners Texas Rangers 9th Todd Greene, Carl Everett§, Michael Young (2), Mike Lamb [58]
Dreifort, DarrenDarren Dreifort May 22, 2003 Los Angeles Dodgers Colorado Rockies 2nd Bobby Estalella, Brent Butler, Aaron Cook§, Greg Norton [59]
Dotel, OctavioOctavio Dotelºdouble-dagger June 11, 2003 Houston Astros New York Yankees 8th Juan Rivera, Alfonso Soriano§, Derek Jeter (2), Jason Giambi [60]
Lidge, BradBrad Lidge June 13, 2004 Houston Astros Milwaukee Brewers 7th Geoff Jenkins§, Keith Ginter, Ben Grieve, Chad Moeller [61]
Stanton, MikeMike Stanton August 3, 2004 New York Mets Milwaukee Brewers 8th Gary Bennett, Scott Podsednik§, Trent Durrington, Wes Helms [62]
Rauch, JonJon Rauchdouble-dagger April 26, 2006 Washington Nationals Cincinnati Reds 8th David Ross, Bronson Arroyo, Felipe López§, Adam Dunn [63]
Penny, BradBrad Pennydouble-dagger September 23, 2006 Los Angeles Dodgers Arizona Diamondbacks 2nd Chad Tracy§, Stephen Drew, Miguel Batista, Eric Byrnes [64]
Baker, ScottScott Bakerºdouble-dagger June 15, 2008 Minnesota Twins Milwaukee Brewers 3rd Ryan Braun, Prince Fielder§, Russell Branyan, Mike Cameron [65]
Shields, ScotScot Shields June 21, 2008 Los Angeles Angels Philadelphia Phillies 8th Greg Dobbs, Jimmy Rollins, Shane Victorino§, Ryan Howard [66]
Dempster, RyanRyan Dempsterdouble-dagger October 4, 2009 Chicago Cubs Arizona Diamondbacks 5th Stephen Drew (2), Gerardo Parra§, Justin Upton, Mark Reynolds [67]
Gregerson, LukeLuke Gregersondouble-dagger October 4, 2009 San Diego Padres San Francisco Giants 7th Randy Winn, Eugenio Vélez§, Andrés Torres, Juan Uribe [68]
Hernández, FélixFélix Hernándezºdouble-dagger June 3, 2010 Seattle Mariners Minnesota Twins 8th Denard Span, Matt Tolbert, Joe Mauer§, Justin Morneau [69]
Parra, MannyManny Parradouble-dagger June 6, 2010 Milwaukee Brewers St. Louis Cardinals 4th Albert Pujols, Ryan Ludwick, Yadier Molina§, Colby Rasmus [70]
Burnett, A. J.A. J. Burnettºdouble-dagger (2) June 24, 2011 New York Yankees Colorado Rockies 6th Chris Iannetta, Carlos González, Chris Nelson§, Todd Helton [71]
Masterson, JustinJustin Mastersonºdouble-dagger August 4, 2011 Cleveland Indians Boston Red Sox 2nd Josh Reddick§, Jason Varitek, Marco Scutaro, Jacoby Ellsbury [72]
Hellickson, JeremyJeremy Hellicksonºdouble-dagger August 25, 2011 Tampa Bay Rays Detroit Tigers 3rd Austin Jackson§, Ramón Santiago, Delmon Young, Víctor Martínez [73]
Gallardo, YovaniYovani Gallardoºdouble-dagger September 17, 2011 Milwaukee Brewers Cincinnati Reds 5th Devin Mesoraco, Edinson Volquez, Brandon Phillips§, Edgar Rentería [74]
Norris, BudBud Norrisdouble-dagger April 24, 2012 Houston Astros Milwaukee Brewers 3rd Travis Ishikawa§, Randy Wolf, Rickie Weeks, Ryan Braun (2) [75]
Cook, RyanRyan Cookºdouble-dagger April 27, 2012 Oakland Athletics Baltimore Orioles 8th J. J. Hardy, Nick Markakis, Adam Jones§, Matt Wieters [76]
Liriano, FranciscoFrancisco Lirianoºdouble-dagger June 5, 2012 Minnesota Twins Kansas City Royals 4th Mike Moustakas, Jeff Francoeur§, Eric Hosmer, Brayan Peña [77]
Delabar, SteveSteve Delabarºdouble-dagger August 13, 2012 Toronto Blue Jays Chicago White Sox 10th Dayán Viciedo, Tyler Flowers§, Gordon Beckham, Alejandro De Aza [78]
Berken, JasonJason Berkenºdouble-dagger September 20, 2012 Chicago Cubs Cincinnati Reds 2nd Denis Phipps, Ryan Hanigan§, Didi Gregorius, Johnny Cueto [79]
Hughes, PhilPhil Hughesºdouble-dagger September 20, 2012 New York Yankees Toronto Blue Jays 4th J. P. Arencibia, Adeiny Hechavarria§, Anthony Gose, Brett Lawrie [80]
Greinke, ZackZack Greinkedouble-dagger September 25, 2012 Los Angeles Angels Seattle Mariners 4th John Jaso, Eric Thames, Trayvon Robinson§, Brendan Ryan [81]
Kimbrel, CraigCraig Kimbrelºdouble-dagger September 26, 2012 Atlanta Braves Miami Marlins 9th Greg Dobbs (2), Donovan Solano§, John Buck, Gil Velazquez [82]
Cingrani, TonyTony Cingranidouble-dagger April 28, 2013 Cincinnati Reds Washington Nationals 4th Denard Span§ (2), Bryce Harper, Ian Desmond, Adam LaRoche [83]
Cobb, AlexAlex Cobbºdouble-dagger May 10, 2013 Tampa Bay Rays San Diego Padres 3rd Will Venable§, Chase Headley, Carlos Quentin, Yonder Alonso [84]
Sánchez, AníbalAníbal Sánchezdouble-dagger October 12, 2013 Detroit Tigers Boston Red Sox 1st Jacoby Ellsbury (2), Shane Victorino§ (2), David Ortiz, Mike Napoli [85]
Greinke, ZackZack Greinkeºdouble-dagger (2) July 25, 2014 Los Angeles Dodgers San Francisco Giants 3rd Héctor Sánchez, Tim Lincecum, Hunter Pence§, Gregor Blanco [86]
Grimm, JustinJustin Grimmdouble-dagger August 29, 2014 Chicago Cubs St. Louis Cardinals 9th Oscar Taveras, Daniel Descalso§, Matt Carpenter, Kolten Wong [87]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Baseball Almanac general reference below links to the profiles of each player, where their one-team status can be verified.
  2. ^ A player is considered inactive if he has announced his retirement or not played for a full season.
  3. ^ The Baseball Almanac general reference below links to the profiles of each player, where their active status can be verified.
  4. ^ Baseball Almanac incorrectly lists Morton as having struck out four batters in the 7th inning. He accomplished the feat in the 6th, as confirmed by the Society for American Baseball Research and The Evening News.[14][19]

References[edit]

General

Specific

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