List of Major League Baseball players from Europe

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The following is a list of Major League Baseball players born in European nations.

Austria[edit]

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919. In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany.[1] This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Austria was occupied by the Allies and its former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Kurt Krieger April 21, 1949 September 11, 1951 pitcher St. Louis Cardinals [2]

Austria-Hungary[edit]

Austria-Hungary was a monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in Central Europe. The union was a result of the Ausgleich or Compromise of 1867, under which the Austrian House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government, dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them. The Dual Monarchy had existed for 51 years when it dissolved on October 31, 1918 following military defeat in the First World War.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Joe Hovlik July 10, 1909 September 25, 1911 pitcher Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox [3]
Joe Koukalik September 1, 1904 September 1, 1904 pitcher Brooklyn Superbas [4]
Jack Quinn April 15, 1909 July 7, 1933 pitcher New York Highlanders, Boston Braves, Baltimore Terrapins, Chicago White Sox, New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Philadelphia Athletics, Brooklyn Robins, Brooklyn Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds [5]
Frank Rooney April 18, 1914 June 6, 1914 first baseman Indianapolis Hoosiers [6]

Austrian Empire[edit]

The Austrian Empire was a modern era successor empire centered on what is today's Austria and which officially lasted from 1804 to 1867.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
John Stedronsky September 26, 1879 September 30, 1879 third baseman Chicago Cubs [7]

Belgium[edit]

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a state in Western Europe. The 1830 Belgian Revolution led to the establishment of an independent, Belgium under a provisional government and a national congress.[8] Since the installation of Leopold I as king in 1831, Belgium has been a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Brian Lesher August 25, 1996 September 28, 2002 left fielder, first baseman Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays [9]

Denmark[edit]

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark together with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Olaf Henriksen August 11, 1911 June 27, 1917 outfielder Boston Red Sox [10]

Finland[edit]

Grand Duchy of Finland[edit]

The Grand Duchy of Finland was the predecessor state of modern Finland. It existed between 1809 and 1917 as an autonomous part of the Russian Empire and was ruled by the Russian Emperor as Grand Duke.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
John Michaelson August 28, 1921 August 30, 1921 pitcher Chicago White Sox [11]

France[edit]

France, officially the French Republic, is a sovereign country in Western Europe that extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.

French Second Republic[edit]

The Second French Empire was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Larry Ressler April 26, 1875 July 4, 1875 outfielder Washington Nationals [12]

Second French Empire[edit]

The Second French Empire was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Joe Woerlin July 21, 1895 July 21, 1895 shortstop Washington Senators [13]

French Third Republic[edit]

The French Third Republic was France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, to 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany led to the Vichy France government. Vichy was replaced by the French Fourth Republic.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Ed Gagnier April 14, 1914 June 10, 1915 shortstop Brooklyn Tip-Tops, Buffalo Blues [14]
Claude Gouzzie July 22, 1903 July 22, 1903 second baseman St. Louis Browns [15]
Duke Markell September 6, 1951 September 29, 1951 pitcher St. Louis Browns [16]

French Fourth Republic[edit]

The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13 October 1946.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Bruce Bochy July 19, 1978 October 4, 1987 catcher Houston Astros, New York Mets, San Diego Padres [17]
Charlie Lea June 12, 1980 October 1, 1988 pitcher Montreal Expos, Minnesota Twins [18]

French Fifth Republic[edit]

The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, introduced on 4 October 1958.[19] The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the French Fourth Republic, replacing the prior parliamentary government with a semi-presidential system.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Steve Jeltz July 17, 1983 October 3, 1990 shortstop Philadelphia Phillies, Kansas City Royals [20]

Germany[edit]

German Confederation[edit]

The German Confederation was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to serve as the successor to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, which had been abolished in 1806. The dispute between the two dominant member states of the confederation, Austria and Prussia, over which of the two had the inherent right to rule German lands ended in favor of Prussia after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, and the collapse of the confederation. This resulted in the creation of the North German Confederation, with a number of south German states remaining independent, although allied first with Austria (until 1867) and subsequently with Prussia (until 1871), after which they became a part of the new nation of Germany.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Charlie Getzien August 13, 1884 July 19, 1892 pitcher Detroit Wolverines, Indianapolis Hoosiers, Boston Beaneaters, Cleveland Spiders, St. Louis Browns [21]
George Heubel May 20, 1871 August 17, 1876 outfielder Philadelphia Athletics, Washington Olympics, New York Mutuals [22]
Bill Kuehne May 1, 1883 September 29, 1892 third baseman Columbus Buckeyes, Pittsburg Alleghenys, Pittsburgh Burghers, Columbus Solons, Louisville Colonels, St. Louis Browns, Cincinnati Reds, St. Louis Browns [23]
David Lenz May 7, 1872 May 21, 1872 catcher Brooklyn Eckfords [24]
Joe Miller June 26, 1872 July 28, 1875 second baseman Washington Nationals, Keokuk Westerns, Chicago White Stockings [25]
Gus Shallix June 22, 1884 June 2, 1885 pitcher Cincinnati Red Stockings [26]
Frank Siffell June 14, 1884 September 16, 1885 catcher Philadelphia Athletics [27]
Joe Straub June 24, 1880 September 22, 1883 catcher Troy Trojans, Philadelphia Athletics, Columbus Buckeyes [28]
Marty Swandell May 7, 1872 August 7, 1873 third baseman Brooklyn Eckfords, Elizabeth Resolutes [29]

German Empire[edit]

The German Empire refers to Germany from the unification of Germany and proclamation of Wilhelm I as German Emperor on 18 January 1871 to 1918, when it became a federal republic after defeat in World War I and the abdication of Wilhelm II (9 November 1918).

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Heinz Becker April 21, 1943 May 9, 1947 first baseman Chicago Cubs, Cleveland Indians [30]
Fritz Buelow September 28, 1899 July 13, 1907 catcher St. Louis Perfectos/Cardinals, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Naps, St. Louis Browns [31]
Pep Deininger April 26, 1902 October 7, 1909 pitcher, outfielder Boston Americans, Philadelphia Phillies [32]
Ed Eiteljorge May 2, 1890 August 27, 1891 pitcher Chicago Colts, Washington Statesmen [33]
Fred Gaiser September 3, 1908 September 3, 1908 pitcher St. Louis Cardinals [34]
Jack Katoll September 9, 1898 September 29, 1902 pitcher Chicago Orphans, Chicago White Sox, Baltimore Orioles [35]
Ben Koehler April 23, 1905 October 7, 1906 outfielder St. Louis Browns [36]
Marty Krug May 29, 1912 September 27, 1922 third baseman Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs [37]
Bill Miller August 23, 1902 August 23, 1902 outfielder Pittsburgh Pirates [38]
Fritz Mollwitz September 26, 1913 September 28, 1919 first baseman Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals [39]
Reggie Richter May 30, 1911 September 26, 1911 pitcher Chicago Cubs [40]
Skel Roach August 9, 1899 August 9, 1899 pitcher Chicago Orphans [41]
Dutch Schesler April 16, 1931 August 12, 1931 pitcher Philadelphia Phillies [42]
Dutch Schliebner April 17, 1923 October 7, 1923 first baseman Brooklyn Robins, St. Louis Browns [43]
Bun Troy September 15, 1912 September 15, 1912 pitcher Detroit Tigers [44]
Tony Welzer April 13, 1926 September 21, 1927 pitcher Boston Red Sox [45]
Bill Zimmerman April 14, 1915 July 9, 1915 outfielder Brooklyn Robins [46]

Soviet Zone of Germany[edit]

The Soviet Occupation Zone was the area of central Germany occupied by the Soviet Union from 1945 on, at the end of World War II. On 7 October 1949 the German Democratic Republic, which became commonly referred to as East Germany, was established in the Soviet Occupation Zone.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Mickey Scott May 6, 1972 June 6, 1977 Pitcher Baltimore Orioles, Montreal Expos, California Angels [47]

West Germany[edit]

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany or FRG in the period between its creation in May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990. During this period, the NATO-aligned West Germany and the socialist East Germany were divided by the Inner German border. This situation ended when East Germany was dissolved and its five states joined the ten states of the Federal Republic of Germany along with the reunified city-state of Berlin.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Jeff Baker
Rob Belloir
Mike Blowers
Bob Davidson
Ron Gardenhire
Glenn Hubbard
Edwin Jackson
Steve Kent
Craig Lefferts
Tom McCarthy
Will Ohman
Dave Pavlas
Stefan Wever

Greece[edit]

Kingdom of Greece[edit]

The Kingdom of Greece was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire). It was internationally recognized by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Kingdom succeeded from the Greek provisional governments after the Greek War of Independence, and lasted until 1924. In 1924 the monarchy was abolished, and the Second Hellenic Republic was established.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Al Campanis September 23, 1943 October 3, 1943 Pitcher Brooklyn Dodgers [48]

Italy[edit]

Kingdom of Italy[edit]

The Kingdom of Italy was a state forged in 1861 by the unification of Italy. It existed until 1946 when the Italians opted for a republican constitution.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Rugger Ardizoia
Reno Bertoia
Hank Biasatti
Julio Bonetti
Marino Pieretti
Lou Polli

The Republic of Italy[edit]

Italy became a republic after a referendum[49] held on 2 June 1946, a day celebrated since as Republic Day.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Alex Liddi

Netherlands[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Bert Blyleven
Robert Eenhoorn
Rikkert Faneyte
Didi Gregorius
Greg Halman
John Houseman
John Otten
Win Remmerswaal
Rick van den Hurk
Rynie Wolters

Norway[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
John Anderson September 8, 1894 October 2, 1908 Outfielder/First Baseman Brooklyn Bridegrooms/Brooklyn Superbas, Washington Senators, Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Browns, New York Highlanders, Chicago White Sox [50]
Art Jorgens April 26, 1929 August 2, 1939 Catcher New York Yankees [51]
Jimmy Wiggs April 23, 1903 May 25, 1906 Pitcher Cincinnati Reds, Detroit Tigers [52]

Poland[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Moe Drabowsky
Nap Kloza
Henry Peploski
Johnny Reder

Russia[edit]

Russian Empire[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Eddie Ainsmith August 9, 1910 July 21, 1924 Catcher Washington Senators, Detroit Tigers, St. Louis Cardinals, Brooklyn Robins, New York Giants [53]
Jake Gettman August 20, 1897 May 19, 1899 Outfielder Washington Senators [54]
Jake Livingstone September 6, 1901 September 9, 1901 Pitcher New York Giants [55]
Rube Schauer August 27, 1913 September 29, 1917 Pitcher New York Giants, Philadelphia Athletics [56]

Soviet Union[edit]

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. The common short name is Soviet Union

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Victor Cole June 6, 1992 July 9, 1992 Pitcher Pittsburgh Pirates [57]

Slovakia[edit]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

Czechoslovakia was a sovereign state in Central Europe which existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until 1992. On 1 January 1993 Czechoslovakia peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Carl Linhart August 2, 1952 September 19, 1952 Pinch hitter Detroit Tigers [58]
Elmer Valo September 22, 1940 October 1, 1961 Outfielder Philadelphia Athletics, Kansas City Athletics, Philadelphia Phillies, Brooklyn Dodgers, Los Angeles Dodgers, Cleveland Indians, New York Yankees, Washington Senators, Minnesota Twins, Philadelphia Phillies [59]

Carl Linhart was born in a town called Zborov. Since there are towns of that name in both Slovakia and the Czech Republic, it is unclear which current nation can claim him.

Spain[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Engel Beltré June 26, 2013 Outfielder Texas Rangers [60]
Al Cabrera May 16, 1913 May 16, 1913 Shortstop St. Louis Cardinals [61]
Bryan Oelkers April 9, 1983 October 3, 1986 Pitcher Minnesota Twins, Cleveland Indians [62]
Al Pardo July 3, 1985 September 9, 1989 Catcher Baltimore Orioles, Philadelphia Phillies [63]
Danny Rios May 30, 1997 May 2, 1998 Pitcher New York Yankees, Kansas City Royals [64]

Sweden[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Charlie Bold August 24, 1914 August 28, 1914 first baseman St. Louis Browns [65]
Eric Erickson October 6, 1914 September 29, 1922 pitcher New York Giants, Detroit Tigers, Washington Senators [66]
Charlie Hallstrom September 23, 1885 September 23, 1885 pitcher Providence Grays [67]
Axel Lindstrom October 3, 1916 October 3, 1916 pitcher Philadelphia Athletics [68]

Switzerland[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Otto Hess

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.[69][70][71] It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west and the North Sea to the east, with the English Channel to the south separating it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic.

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Dave Brain April 24, 1901 October 7, 1908 infielder/outfielder Chicago White Sox, St. Louis Cardinals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Boston Beaneaters, Cincinnati Reds, New York Giants [72]
Tom Brown July 6, 1882 May 17, 1898 pitcher/outfielder Baltimore Orioles, Columbus Buckeyes, Pittsburg Alleghenys, Indianapolis Hoosiers, Boston Beaneaters, Boston Reds, Louisville Colonels, St. Louis Browns, Washington Senators [73]
Walter Carlisle May 8, 1908 May 11, 1908 outfielder Boston Red Sox [74]
Bobby Clack May 13, 1874 1876 outfielder Brooklyn Atlantics, Cincinnati Reds [75]
Ed Cogswell July 11, 1879 May 30, 1882 first baseman Boston Red Caps, Troy Trojans, Worcester Ruby Legs [76]
Danny Cox August 6, 1983 September 18, 1995 pitcher St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies, Toronto Blue Jays [77]
Ned Crompton September 13, 1909 October 8, 1910 outfielder St. Louis Browns, Cincinnati Reds [78]
Hobe Ferris April 26, 1901 October 1, 1909 second base, third base Boston Americans, St. Louis Browns [79]
Dennis Fitzgerald April 17, 1890 April 18, 1890 shortstop Philadelphia Athletics [80]
George William Hall May 5, 1871 October 6, 1877 outfielder Washington Olympics, Baltimore Canaries, Boston Red Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Grays [81]
Jim Halpin June 15, 1882 August 26, 1885 shortstop Worcester Worcesters, Washington Nationals (UA), Detroit Wolverines [82]
Charlie Hanford April 13, 1914 September 30, 1915 outfielder Buffalo Buffeds, Chicago Whales [83]
Pete Hasney September 13, 1890 September 13, 1890 outfielder Philadelphia Athletics [84]
Dick Higham
Marty Hogan
Sam Jackson
Keith Lampard
Al Lawson
Tim Manning
Paul Marak
Al Nichols
Lance Painter May 19, 1993 September 9, 2003
Al Reach
Les Rohr
Al Shaw
Harry Smith
Klondike Smith
Phil Stockman* June 15, 2006 Pitcher Atlanta Braves
Al Thake
Ed Walker
Sam White
Harry Wright
Jim Wright

Ireland[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Jimmy Archer
Tommy Bond
Hugh Campbell
Mike Campbell
Joe Cleary
Bill Collins
John Curran
Andy Cusick
Hugh Daily
Pete Daniels
Patsy Donovan
Tom Dowse
Conny Doyle
Jack Doyle
Ed Duffy
Bill Farmer
Jocko Fields
Mike Flynn
Curry Foley
Jimmy Hallinan
Mike Hines
Andy Leonard
Con Lucid
Reddy Mack
Fergy Malone
Charlie McCullough
John McGuinness
Irish McIlveen
Barney McLaughlin
Pat McManus
Mike Muldoon
Tony Mullane
Tom Needham
Sam Nicholl
Johnny O'Connor
Paddy O'Connor
Fancy O'Neil
Jack O'Neill
Mike O'Neill
Cyclone Ryan
Bill Sullivan
Sleeper Sullivan
Ted Sullivan
John Tener
Jimmy Walsh

Scotland[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
George Chalmers
Mike Hopkins
Mac MacArthur
Jim McCormick
Mike McCormick
Hugh Nicol
Bobby Thomson
Tom Waddell

Wales[edit]

Name Debut Final Game Position Teams Ref
Jimmy Austin
Ted Lewis
Pete Morris

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anschluss". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-05-31. 
  2. ^ "Kurt Krieger". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  3. ^ "Joe Hovlik". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  4. ^ "Joe Koukalik". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  5. ^ "Jack Quinn". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  6. ^ "Frank Rooney". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  7. ^ "John Stendronsky". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Brison D. Gooch, Belgium and the February Revolution". The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1963, 112 pp. Retrieved October 18, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Brian Lesher". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  10. ^ "Olaf Henriksen". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  11. ^ "John Michaelson". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  12. ^ "Larry Ressler". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  13. ^ "Joe Woerlin". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  14. ^ "Ed Gagnier". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  15. ^ "Claude Gouzzie". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  16. ^ "Duke Markell". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  17. ^ "Bruce Bochy". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  18. ^ "Charlie Lea". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  19. ^ Loi constitutionnelle du 3 juin 1958 portant dérogation transitoire aux dispositions de l'article 90 de la Constitution (in French).
  20. ^ "Steve Jeltz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  21. ^ "Charlie Getzien". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-16-14. 
  22. ^ "George Heubel". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  23. ^ "Bill Kuehne". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  24. ^ "David Lenz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  25. ^ "Joe Miller". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  26. ^ "Gus Shallix". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  27. ^ "Frank Siffell". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  28. ^ "Joe Straub". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  29. ^ "Marty Swandell". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  30. ^ "Heinz Becker". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  31. ^ "Fritz Buelow". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  32. ^ "Pep Deininger". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  33. ^ "Ed Eiteljorge". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  34. ^ "Fred Gaiser". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  35. ^ "Jack Katoll". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-03-30. 
  36. ^ "Ben Koehler". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  37. ^ "Marty Krug". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  38. ^ "Bill Miller". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  39. ^ "Fritz Mollwitz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  40. ^ "Reggie Richter". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  41. ^ "Skel Roach". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  42. ^ "Dutch Schesler". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  43. ^ "Dutch Schliebner". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  44. ^ "Bun Troy". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  45. ^ "Tony Welzer". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  46. ^ "Bill Zimmerman". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  47. ^ "Mickey Scott". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  48. ^ "Al Campanis". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-17-14. 
  49. ^ Damage Foreshadows A-Bomb Test , 1946/06/06 (1946). Universal Newsreel. 1946. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  50. ^ "John Anderson". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  51. ^ "Art Jorgens". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  52. ^ "Jimmy Wiggs". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  53. ^ "Eddie Ainsmith". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  54. ^ "Jake Gettman". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  55. ^ "Jake Livingstone". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  56. ^ "Rube Schauer". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  57. ^ "Victor Cole". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  58. ^ "Carl Linhart". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  59. ^ "Elmer Valo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  60. ^ "Engel Beltré statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  61. ^ "Al Cabrera statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  62. ^ "Bryan Oelkers statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  63. ^ "Al Pardo statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  64. ^ "Danny Rios statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  65. ^ "Charlie Bold statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  66. ^ "Eric Erickson statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  67. ^ "Charlie Hallstrom statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  68. ^ "Axel Lindstrom statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  69. ^ Office for National Statistics. "The Countries of the UK". statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  70. ^ "Countries within a country". Prime Minister's Office. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  71. ^ "Changes in the list of subdivision names and code elements (Page 11)" (PDF). International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  72. ^ "Dave Brain". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  73. ^ "Tom Brown". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  74. ^ "Walter Carlisle". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  75. ^ "Bobby Clack". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  76. ^ "Ed Cogswell". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  77. ^ "Danny Cox". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  78. ^ "Ned Crompton". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  79. ^ "Hobe Ferris". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  80. ^ "Dennis Fitzgerald". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  81. ^ "George Hall". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  82. ^ "Jim Halpin". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  83. ^ "Charlie Hanford". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  84. ^ "Pete Hasney". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08.