List of Major League Baseball players from Japan

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A Japanese man wearing a grey Seattle baseball uniform fielding a ball in the outfield.
Ichiro Suzuki played in NPB before playing in MLB.

A total of 53 Japanese-born[1] players have played in at least one Major League Baseball (MLB) game.[2] The first instance of a Japanese-born player playing in MLB occurred in 1964, when the Nankai Hawks, a Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) team, sent three exchange prospects to the United States to gain experience in MLB's Minor League system. One of the players, pitcher Masanori Murakami, was named the California League Rookie of the Year while playing for the Fresno Giants (the San Francisco Giants' Class-A team). Giants executives were impressed with this talent and on September 1, 1964 Murakami was promoted, thus becoming the first Japanese player to play in MLB.[3] After Murakami put up good pitching statistics as a reliever, Giants executives sought to exercise a clause in their contract with the Hawks that, they claimed, allowed them to buy up an exchange prospect's contract. NPB officials objected, stating that they had no intention of selling Murakami's contract to the Giants and telling them that Murakami was merely on loan for the 1964 season. After a two-month stalemate the Giants eventually agreed to send Murakami back to the Hawks after the 1965 season. This affair led to the 1967 United States – Japanese Player Contract Agreement, also known as the "Working Agreement", between MLB and NPB, which was basically a hands-off policy.[4][5]

For thirty years Murakami was the only Japanese player to appear in an MLB game. Pitcher Hideo Nomo, with the help of agent Don Nomura, became the second Japanese-born player to play in MLB in 1995. Nomo, who was not yet eligible for free agency in Japan, was advised by Nomura that a "voluntary retirement" clause in the Working Agreement did not specify that a player wishing to play again after retiring must return to NPB. Nomo utilized this loophole to void his NPB contract with the Kintetsu Buffaloes and play in MLB. He announced his retirement from NPB in late 1994 and signed with the Los Angeles Dodgers in February 1995.[6] Nomo's maneuver and Hideki Irabu's later MLB contractual complications were contributing factors to a major revision of the Working Agreement in 1998 that created the current posting system. Since its inception 11 Japanese-born players have been signed through the system, with Shinji Mori the only player not to have played due to injury.

Table key[edit]

Key to symbols in player table
§
Signed with a Major League Baseball team without first playing for a Nippon Professional Baseball team
*
Signed with a Major League Baseball team via the posting system
HOF
Inducted into the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame

Current players[edit]

Players from Japan that are currently on Major League Baseball rosters
Player Position Debut Team(s) Status Notes
Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki* OF April 2, 2001 Seattle Mariners (2001–2012)
New York Yankees (2012–)
Active [7][8]
Matsuzaka, DaisukeDaisuke Matsuzaka* P April 5, 2007 Boston Red Sox (2007–2012)
New York Mets (2013–)
Active [9][10]
Kuroda, HirokiHiroki Kuroda P April 4, 2008 Los Angeles Dodgers (2008–2011)
New York Yankees (2012–)
Active [11][12]
Uehara, KojiKoji Uehara P April 8, 2009 Baltimore Orioles (2009–2011)
Texas Rangers (2011–2012)
Boston Red Sox (2013–)
Active [13][14]
Tazawa, JunichiJunichi Tazawa§ P August 7, 2009 Boston Red Sox (2009–) Active [15][16]
Aoki, NorichikaNorichika Aoki* OF April 6, 2012 Milwaukee Brewers (2012–2013)
Kansas City Royals (2014–)
Active [17][18]
Kawasaki, MunenoriMunenori Kawasaki SS/2B April 7, 2012 Seattle Mariners (2012)
Toronto Blue Jays (2013–)
Active [19][20]
Darvish, YuYu Darvish* P April 9, 2012 Texas Rangers (2012–) 60-day DL [21][22]
Iwakuma, HisashiHisashi Iwakuma P April 20, 2012 Seattle Mariners (2012–) Active [23][24]
Fujikawa, KyujiKyuji Fujikawa P April 1, 2013 Chicago Cubs (2013–) Active [25][26]
Tanaka, MasahiroMasahiro Tanaka* P April 4, 2014 New York Yankees (2014–) 60-day DL [27][28]
Wada, TsuyoshiTsuyoshi Wada P July 8, 2014 Chicago Cubs (2014–) Active [29][30]

Former players[edit]

Players from Japan that formerly appeared on Major League Baseball rosters
Player Position MLB Debut Final MLB Game Former MLB Team(s) Current League Current Team Notes
Murakami, MasanoriMasanori Murakami P September 1, 1964 October 1, 1965 San Francisco Giants (1964–1965) Retired [31]
Nomo, HideoHideo NomoHOF P May 2, 1995 April 18, 2008 Los Angeles Dodgers (1995–1998, 2002–2004)
New York Mets (1998)
Milwaukee Brewers (1999)
Detroit Tigers (2000)
Boston Red Sox (2001)
Tampa Bay Devil Rays (2005)
Kansas City Royals (2008)
Retired [32]
Suzuki, MacMac Suzuki§ P July 7, 1996 June 28, 2002 Seattle Mariners (1996, 1998–1999)
Kansas City Royals (1999–2001, 2002)
Colorado Rockies (2001)
Milwaukee Brewers (2001)
Free agent [33]
Hasegawa, ShigetoshiShigetoshi Hasegawa P April 5, 1997 September 28, 2005 Anaheim Angels (1997–2001)
Seattle Mariners (2002–2005)
Retired [34]
Kashiwada, TakashiTakashi Kashiwada P May 1, 1997 September 18, 1997 New York Mets (1997) Retired [35]
Irabu, HidekiHideki Irabu P July 10, 1997 July 12, 2002 New York Yankees (1997–1999)
Montreal Expos (2000–2001)
Texas Rangers (2002)
Deceased [36]
Yoshii, MasatoMasato Yoshii P April 5, 1998 September 11, 2002 New York Mets (1998–1999)
Colorado Rockies (2000)
Montreal Expos (2001–2002)
Retired [37]
Kida, MasaoMasao Kida P April 5, 1999 August 3, 2005 Detroit Tigers (1999–2000)
Los Angeles Dodgers (2003–2004)
Seattle Mariners (2004–2005)
BCL Ishikawa Million Stars [38]
Ohka, TomokazuTomokazu Ohka P July 19, 1999 October 4, 2009 Boston Red Sox (1999–2001)
Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals (2001–2005)
Milwaukee Brewers (2005–2006)
Toronto Blue Jays (2007)
Cleveland Indians (2009)
ALPB Bridgeport Bluefish [39][40]
Sasaki, KazuhiroKazuhiro SasakiHOF P April 5, 2000 September 28, 2003 Seattle Mariners (2000–2003) Retired [41]
Shinjo, TsuyoshiTsuyoshi Shinjo OF April 3, 2001 June 27, 2003 New York Mets (2001, 2003)
San Francisco Giants (2002)
Retired [42]
Nomura, TakahitoTakahito Nomura P April 3, 2002 May 15, 2002 Milwaukee Brewers (2002) Retired [43]
Komiyama, SatoruSatoru Komiyama P April 4, 2002 September 11, 2002 New York Mets (2002) Retired [44]
Ishii, KazuhisaKazuhisa Ishii* P April 6, 2002 September 28, 2005 Los Angeles Dodgers (2002–2004)
New York Mets (2005)
Retired [45]
Taguchi, SoSo Taguchi OF June 10, 2002 October 4, 2009 St. Louis Cardinals (2002–2007)
Philadelphia Phillies (2008)
Chicago Cubs (2009)
Retired [46]
Matsui, HidekiHideki Matsui OF/DH March 31, 2003 July 22, 2012 New York Yankees (2003–2009)
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2010)
Oakland Athletics (2011)
Tampa Bay Rays (2012)
Retired [47]
Nakamura, MichealMicheal Nakamura§ P June 7, 2003 July 31, 2004 Minnesota Twins (2003)
Toronto Blue Jays (2004)
Retired [48]
Matsui, KazuoKazuo Matsui 2B/SS April 6, 2004 May 18, 2010 New York Mets (2004–2006)
Colorado Rockies (2006–2007)
Houston Astros (2008–2010)
NPB Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles [49][50]
Otsuka, AkinoriAkinori Otsuka* P April 6, 2004 July 1, 2007 San Diego Padres (2004–2005)
Texas Rangers (2006–2007)
BCL Shinano Grandserows [51]
Takatsu, ShingoShingo Takatsu P April 9, 2004 October 2, 2005 Chicago White Sox (2004–2005)
New York Mets (2005)
Retired [52]
Tadano, KazuhitoKazuhito Tadano§ P April 27, 2004 July 16, 2005 Cleveland Indians (2004–2005) NPB Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters [53][54]
Iguchi, TadahitoTadahito Iguchi 2B April 4, 2005 September 28, 2008 Chicago White Sox (2005–2007)
Philadelphia Phillies (2007, 2008)
San Diego Padres (2008)
NPB Chiba Lotte Marines [55]

[56]

Yabu, KeiichiKeiichi Yabu P April 9, 2005 September 27, 2008 Oakland Athletics (2005)
San Francisco Giants (2008)
Retired [57]
Nakamura, NorihiroNorihiro Nakamura* 3B April 10, 2005 May 6, 2005 Los Angeles Dodgers (2005) NPB Yokohama DeNA BayStars [58]

[59]

Johjima, KenjiKenji Johjima C April 3, 2006 October 3, 2009 Seattle Mariners (2006–2009) Retired [60]
Saito, TakashiTakashi Saito P April 9, 2006 September 30, 2012 Los Angeles Dodgers (2006–2008)
Boston Red Sox (2009)
Atlanta Braves (2010)
Milwaukee Brewers (2011)
Arizona Diamondbacks (2012)
NPB Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles [61]
Iwamura, AkinoriAkinori Iwamura* 2B/3B April 2, 2007 September 26, 2010 Tampa Bay Devil Rays/Rays (2007–2009)
Pittsburgh Pirates (2010)
Oakland Athletics (2010)
NPB Tokyo Yakult Swallows [62][63]
Okajima, HidekiHideki Okajima P April 2, 2007 June 13, 2013 Boston Red Sox (2007–2011)
Oakland Athletics (2013)
NPB Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks [64]
Igawa, KeiKei Igawa* P April 7, 2007 June 27, 2008 New York Yankees (2007–2008) NPB Orix Buffaloes [65][66]
Kuwata, MasumiMasumi Kuwata P June 10, 2007 August 13, 2007 Pittsburgh Pirates (2007) Retired [67]
Fukudome, KosukeKosuke Fukudome OF March 31, 2008 June 3, 2012 Chicago Cubs (2008–2011)
Cleveland Indians (2011)
Chicago White Sox (2012)
NPB Hanshin Tigers [68]
Fukumori, KazuoKazuo Fukumori P March 31, 2008 April 24, 2008 Texas Rangers (2008) Retired [69]
Kobayashi, MasahideMasahide Kobayashi P April 2, 2008 May 7, 2009 Cleveland Indians (2008–2009) Retired [70]
Yabuta, YasuhikoYasuhiko Yabuta P April 5, 2008 October 4, 2009 Kansas City Royals (2008–2009) Retired [71][72]
Kawakami, KenshinKenshin Kawakami P April 11, 2009 September 9, 2010 Atlanta Braves (2009–2010) NPB Chunichi Dragons [73][74]
Takahashi, KenKen Takahashi P May 2, 2009 September 25, 2009 New York Mets (2009) Retired [75]
Takahashi, HisanoriHisanori Takahashi P April 7, 2010 April 11, 2013 New York Mets (2010)
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2011–2012)
Pittsburgh Pirates (2012)
Chicago Cubs (2013)
NPB Yokohama DeNA BayStars [76]
Igarashi, RyotaRyota Igarashi P April 8, 2010 August 12, 2012 New York Mets (2010–2011)
Toronto Blue Jays (2012)
New York Yankees (2012)
NPB Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks [77]
Nishioka, TsuyoshiTsuyoshi Nishioka* SS/2B April 1, 2011 August 8, 2012 Minnesota Twins (2011–2012) NPB Hanshin Tigers [78]
Tateyama, YoshinoriYoshinori Tateyama P May 24, 2011 September 26, 2012 Texas Rangers (2011–2012) NPB Hanshin Tigers [79]
Tanaka, KensukeKensuke Tanaka LF July 9, 2013 July 28, 2013 San Francisco Giants (2013) Free agent [80]

Awards, records and notable accomplishments[edit]

Hitting[edit]

  • Hits in a single season: Ichiro Suzuki, 2004 (262 Hits) MLB Record
  • Consecutive seasons of 200 or more hits: Ichiro Suzuki, 2001-2010 (10 Seasons) MLB Record
  • Most seasons with 200 or more hits: Ichiro Suzuki, 2001-2010 (10 Seasons) MLB Record (tie)
  • Batting titles: Ichiro Suzuki, 2001 (.350 Avg) and 2004 AL (.372 Avg)
  • Only Inside-the-park home run in All-Star game history: Ichiro Suzuki, 2007
  • Only MLB player to hit a home run in his first plate appearance of his first three seasons: Kazuo Matsui, 2004, 2005, 2006 (Inside-the-park home run)

Baserunning[edit]

Pitching[edit]

  • No-hitters: Hideo Nomo, with two no-hitter games, is the only Japanese pitcher to throw a no-hitter in Major League Baseball. Nomo is one of only five players that have ever pitched at least one no-hitter game in both the National League and American League in Major League Baseball history.
    • No-hitter #1: September 17, 1996 at Coors Field in Denver. Pitching for the Los Angeles Dodgers against the Colorado Rockies. The only no-hitter to date at Coors Field.
    • No-hitter #2: April 4, 2001 at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. Pitching for the Boston Red Sox against the Baltimore Orioles. Walked three and struck out 11. Also the only no-hitter to date at Camden Yards.
  • Strikeout champion: Hideo Nomo, 1995 NL (236 Strikeouts) & 2001 AL (220 Strikeouts); Yu Darvish, 2013 AL (277 Strikeouts, led both leagues)
  • Fastest to reach 500 career strikeouts in history: Yu Darvish, April 6, 2014 (404 2/3 innings)
  • Most consecutive quality starts from debut: Masahiro Tanaka (16) MLB Record (tie)
  • Lowest single-season WHIP in history (at least 50 innings): Koji Uehara, 2013 (0.565)
  • Most saves in the postseason: Koji Uehara, 2013 (7 saves) MLB Record (tie)
  • Strikeouts in a single inning: Kazuhiro Sasaki, April 4, 2003 (4 strikeouts in the 9th Inning) MLB Record (tie)

All-Star Game selection[edit]

Players from Japan that have been selected to participate in a Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Player League Selections Year(s) Notes
Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki AL 10 2001*, 2002*, 2003*, 2004*, 2005, 2006*, 2007*, 2008*, 2009*, 2010* Inside-the-park home run, All-Star Game MVP (2007)[7][81]
Darvish, YuYu Darvish AL 3 2012, 2013, 2014 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote but did not play (2012)[21][82][83]
Selected but did not play (2013)[84]
Sasaki, KazuhiroKazuhiro Sasaki AL 2 2001, 2002 Closed and recorded a save (2001)[41][85]
Matsui, HidekiHideki Matsui AL 2 2003*, 2004 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote (2004)[47][86]
Nomo, HideoHideo Nomo NL 1 1995* Starting pitcher[32][87]
Hasegawa, ShigetoshiShigetoshi Hasegawa AL 1 2003 [34]
Okajima, HidekiHideki Okajima AL 1 2007 Selected as the winner of the Final Vote, but did not play[64][81][88]
Saito, TakashiTakashi Saito NL 1 2007 [61]
Fukudome, KosukeKosuke Fukudome NL 1 2008* [68]
Iwakuma, HisashiHisashi Iwakuma AL 1 2013 Selected but did not play[23][84]
Tanaka, MasahiroMasahiro Tanaka AL 1 2014 Selected but did not play due to being on the disabled list[27]
Uehara, KojiKoji Uehara AL 1 2014 Selected in place of the injured Masahiro Tanaka[13]
* Indicates the player was selected to the starting roster.

World Series appearances[edit]

Player World Series
championships
World Series
appearances
Years Notes
Taguchi, SoSo Taguchi 2 3 2004 Cardinals
2006 Cardinals
2008 Phillies
Did not play in the 2008 World Series, despite being on the Phillies' active roster
Matsui, HidekiHideki Matsui 1 2 2003 Yankees
2009 Yankees
2009 World Series MVP
Iguchi, TadahitoTadahito Iguchi 1 1 2005 White Sox First Japanese player to win the World Series
Matsuzaka, DaisukeDaisuke Matsuzaka 1 1 2007 Red Sox First Japanese pitcher to both start and win a World Series game and first Japanese pitcher to win an MLB playoff game during the 2007 postseason. With Okajima, first Japanese pitcher to win the World Series.
Okajima, HidekiHideki Okajima 1 1 2007 Red Sox First Japanese pitcher to appear in World Series. With Matsuzaka, first Japanese pitcher to win the World Series.
Tazawa, JunichiJunichi Tazawa 1 1 2013 Red Sox
Uehara, KojiKoji Uehara 1 1 2013 Red Sox
Shinjo, TsuyoshiTsuyoshi Shinjo 0 1 2002 Giants First Japanese player to play in a World Series game
Matsui, KazuoKazuo Matsui 0 1 2007 Rockies The 2007 World Series was the first in which Japanese-born players appeared for both teams.
Iwamura, AkinoriAkinori Iwamura 0 1 2008 Rays

Notes[edit]

General
Inline citations
  1. ^ This list does not include players that were born in Japan to American parents or players with Japanese ancestry who grew up in the United States (such as Dave Roberts).
  2. ^ "Players by birthplace : Japan Baseball Stats and Info". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Kleinberg, Alexander (December 24, 2001). "Where have you gone, Masanori Murakami?". Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on October 24, 2003. Retrieved November 13, 2008. 
  4. ^ Whiting 2004, pp. 75–80
  5. ^ Singer, Tom (November 14, 2006). "Matsuzaka posting system's latest gem". Major League Baseball. Retrieved August 24, 2008. 
  6. ^ Whiting 2004, pp. 102–112
  7. ^ a b "Ichiro Suzuki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Ichiro Suzuki Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Daisuke Matsuzaka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Daisuke Matsuzaka Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Hiroki Kuroda Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Hiroki Kuroda Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Koji Uehara Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Koji Uehara Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Junichi Tazawa Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Junichi Tazawa Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Nori Aoki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Nori Aoki Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Munenori Kawasaki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Munenori Kawasaki Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Yu Darvish Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Yu Darvish Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Hisashi Iwakuma Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Hisashi Iwakuma Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Kyuji Fujikawa Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Kyuji Fujikawa Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Masahiro Tanaka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Masahiro Tanaka Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Tsuyoshi Wada Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Tsuyoshi Wada Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Masanori Murakami Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  32. ^ a b "Hideo Nomo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Mac Suzuki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  34. ^ a b "Shigetoshi Hasegawa Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  35. ^ "Takashi Kashiwada Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Hideki Irabu Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Masato Yoshii Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Masao Kida Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Tomo Ohka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Tomo Ohka Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  41. ^ a b "Kazuhiro Sasaki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Tsuyoshi Shinjo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Takahito Nomura Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Satoru Komiyama Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  45. ^ "Kazuhisa Ishii Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  46. ^ "So Taguchi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  47. ^ a b "Hideki Matsui Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  48. ^ "Micheal Nakamura Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  49. ^ "Kazuo Matsui Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  50. ^ "Kazuo Matsui Japanese League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Akinori Otsuka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  52. ^ "Shingo Takatsu Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  53. ^ "Kazuhito Tadano Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  54. ^ "Kazuhito Tadano Japanese League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  55. ^ "Tadahito Iguchi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  56. ^ "Tadahito Iguchi Japanese League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  57. ^ "Keiichi Yabu Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  58. ^ "Norihiro Nakamura Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  59. ^ "Norihiro Nakamura Japanese League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Kenji Johjima Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  61. ^ a b "Takashi Saito Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  62. ^ "Akinori Iwamura Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  63. ^ "Iwamura, Akinori". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  64. ^ a b "Hideki Okajima Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  65. ^ "Kei Igawa Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  66. ^ "Igawa, Kei". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Masumi Kuwata Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  68. ^ a b "Kosuke Fukudome Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  69. ^ "Kazuo Fukumori Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  70. ^ "Masahide Kobayashi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  71. ^ "Yasuhiko Yabuta Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  72. ^ "Yabuta, Yasuhiko". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Kenshin Kawakami Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  74. ^ "Kawakami, Kenshin". Nippon Professional Baseball. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Ken Takahashi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  76. ^ "Hisanori Takahashi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  77. ^ "Ryota Igarashi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  78. ^ "Tsuyoshi Nishioka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Yoshinori Tateyama Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Kensuke Tanaka Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  81. ^ a b "Jul 10, 2007, AL All-Stars at NL All-Stars Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  82. ^ "Jul 10, 2012, NL All-Stars at AL All-Stars Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  83. ^ Newman, Mark (July 5, 2012). "Darvish and Freese win, going to All-Star Game". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  84. ^ a b "Jul 16, 2013, AL All-Stars at NL All-Stars Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Jul 10, 2001, NL All-Stars at AL All-Stars Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  86. ^ Newman, Mark (July 7, 2004). "Matsui, Abreu win Final Vote". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  87. ^ "Jul 11, 1995, NL All-Stars at AL All-Stars Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  88. ^ "Okajima edges Bonderman, Halladay, others for All-Star spot". ESPN.com. Associated Press. July 6, 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Rains, Rob. Baseball Samurais: Ichiro Suzuki and the Asian Invasion. New York: St. Martin's Paperbacks, 2001. ISBN 0-312-98257-7.
  • Whiting, Robert (April 2004). The Meaning of Ichiro: The New Wave from Japan and the Transformation of Our National Pastime. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-53192-8.