List of margraves of Meissen

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The Margraviate of Meissen was a territorial state on the border of the Holy Roman Empire.

History[edit]

The Mark of Meissen (cradle of Saxony) was founded 965 by Emperor Otto I; in 929, the German king Henry the Fowler built a fortress on the hill where Meissen Castle stands. During the tenth century, Meissen was populated by Slavic tribes who were subdued by the German margrave Gero the Great. The region between the rivers Elbe and Oder was then ruled by Gero as the margraviate of Sächsische Ostmark 937-965. When Gero died in 965, Ostmark was partitioned into five new margraviates, including Meissen, and also Nordmark which eventually became Brandenburg. In 1089, Meissen became the honor of the house of Wettin's possessions and remained as such even after it had been incorporated into the electorate of Saxony in 1423.

List[edit]

Affiliation Name Years Comments
Wigbert 965–970
Thietmar 970–979 also Margrave of Merseburg
Ekkehardingian Gunther, Margrave of Merseburg[dubious ] 981–982 also Margrave of Merseburg
Rikdag 979–985 since 982 also Margrave of Merseburg, removes Wigger in Zeitz, Gunther in Merseburg and Wigbert in Meißen as Markgrave
Ekkehardingian Eckard I 985–1002 Son of Günther of Merseburg
Ekkehardingian Gunzelin 1002–1009
Ekkehardingian Herman I 1009–1031
Ekkehardingian Eckard II 1031–1046
Weimar-Orlamünde William 1046–1062
Weimar-Orlamünde Otto I 1062–1067
Brunonen Egbert I 1067–1068
Brunonen Egbert II 1068–1089
Přemyslid Vratislaus II of Bohemia[dubious ] 1076–1089
Wettin Henry I 1089–1103
Wettin Thimo 1103
Wettin Henry II 1104–1123
Wiprecht 1123–1124
Winzenburg Herman II 1124–1130
Wettin Conrad 1130–1156
Wettin Otto II 1156–1190
Wettin Albert I 1190–1195 Followed by the direct rule of the Emperor Henry VI
Wettin Dietrich I 1198–1221
Wettin Henry III 1221–1288
Wettin Albert II 1288 Son of Henry III the Illustrious
Wettin Frederick Tuta 1288–1291
Wettin Dietrich II 1291–1307
Wettin Frederick I 1291–1323
Nassau Adolf 1293–1298
Habsburg Albert III 1298–1307
Wettin Frederick II 1323–1349 Son of Frederick I the Peaceful
Wettin Frederick III 1349–1381 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
Wettin Balthasar 1349–1382 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
Wettin William I 1349–1407 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
Wettin George 1381–1402 Son of Frederick III the Strict
Wettin William II 1381–1425 Son of Frederick III the Strict
Wettin Frederick IV 1381–1428 Son of Frederick III the Strict
Wettin Frederick V 1407–1440 Son of Balthasar, heir of William I

As a title in pretense[edit]

After the abolition of all German monarchies in 1918 and the death of Friedrich August III, the last king of Saxony, in 1932, further heads of the house and pretenders to the throne have used the title Margrave of Meissen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]