List of Maronite Patriarchs

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Maronites

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History
Mardaites
County of Tripoli
Ottoman rule (1860 conflict  · Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate)
1958 Lebanon crisis  · Greater Lebanon
Lebanese Civil War (South Lebanon conflict  · Taif Agreement)

Religious affiliation
Maronite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East
Lebanese Maronite Order
Mar Bechara Boutros Raï

Politics
Lebanese politics
Lebanese nationalism
Phoenicianism
Kataeb Party  · Lebanese Forces  · Free Patriotic Movement

Languages
Arabic (Lebanese Arabic  · Cypriot Arabic)  · Aramaic (Syriac)

Communities
Cyprus · Israel · Lebanon · Jordan · Syria
Diaspora

This is a list of the Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch, the primate of the Maronite Church, one of the Eastern Catholic Churches. After becoming patriarch, they assume the name "Peter" (Boutros in Arabic, بطرس ), after the first Bishop of Antioch, St. Peter, who was also the head of the Apostles. The official title that the Maronite Patriarch assumes is "Patriarch of Antioch and All the East."

For the Patriarchs of Antioch before John Maron, see List of Patriarchs of Antioch.

Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch, from John Maron[edit]

A famous list of Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch was written and published by Giuseppe Simone Assemani,[1] and Simon Awad, which follows the Series of Maronite Patriachs written by Patriarch Estephan El Douaihy in the 17th century,[2] but it is incomplete for the first centuries. Besides the Assemani's list, an other list more detailed was written in Bejjeh in 1766 by Georges Saad.[3]

In the list here below the names shifted on the right are not included in the incomplete Assemani's list and derive from the Bejjeh's list.

Patriarchs during the Marada States, 686–1099[edit]

Order Name of Patriarch
(English)
Name of Patriarch
(Arabic)
Notes
1 Youhanna Maroun
aka Saint John Maron
مار يوحنا مارون الأول 63rd after Saint Peter
First of the Maronite patriarchs
(b. 628, consecrated 686, d. 707)
2 Kyros قوروش Son of Saint John Maron's sister
3 Gabriel جبرائيل الأول Last patriarch to reside in Kfarhi monastery
4 Youhanna Maroun II يوحنا مارون الثاني Also known as John Maron II
The Patriarchate moves to Yanou', Jbeil (Byblos
5 Youhanna I يوحنا الأول Originating from Jbeil (Byblos)
Also known as John I
(or John III considering John Maron I and John Maron II)
6 Gregorius I غريغوريوس الأول -
7 Stephanos I اسطفانوس الأول -
8 Mark مرقس -
9 Eusebius (Hoaushab) أوسابيوس Also known as Hoaushab (حوشب)
10 Youhanna II يوحنا الثاني Also known as John II of Hama
(also known as John IV considering Youhanna Maron,
Youhanna Maron II and Youhanna I)
During his reign, the Constantinople Council
convened in the year 869
11 Yeshu I يشوع الأول
12 Daoud I داوود الأول -
13 Gregorius II غريغوريوس الثاني -
14 Theophilactus ثاوفيلكتوس Also known as Habib
Also known as John V Habib
15 Yeshu II يشوع الثاني Yeshu II of Damascus
16 Domitius ضوميطيوس Domitius of Beirut
17 Ishaq اسحق -
18 Youhanna III يوحنا الثالث Also known as John III (John VI)
19 Sham'un I شمعون الأول Also known as Semaan (سمعان)
20 Urmia I إرميا الأول Also known as Jeremiah I
21 Youhanna IV يوحنا الرابع Also known as John IV (John VII)
22 Sham'un II شمعون الثاني -
23 Sham'un III شمعون الثالث -

Patriarchs during the Crusades 1099–1305[3][edit]

Order Name of Patriarch
(in English)
Name of Patriarch
(in Arabic)
Birthplace Period Position Notes
24 Youssif al Jirjissi يوسف الجرجسي - 1100–1120 - First contact with the Crusaders
25 Butros I بطرس الأول - 1120–1130 - Patriarcate moves to Mayfuq, Jbeil
26 Gregorius I غريغوريوس الأول Halat, Jbeil 1130–1141 - -
27 Ya'qub I يعقوب الأول Ramat, Batroun 1141–1151 - -
28 Youhanna V يوحنا الخامس Lehfed, Jbeil 1151–1154 - Also known as John V (John VIII)
29 Butros II بطرس الثاني - 1154–1173 - -
30 Butros III بطرس الثالث - 1173–1189 - -
31 Butros IV بطرس الرابع - 1189–1199 - -
32 Urmia II Amchiti إرميا الثاني العمشيتي Amchit, Jbeil 1199–1230 - Also known as Jeremiah II
Took part in the 4th Lateran council in Rome
33 Daniel دانيال الأول Shamat, Jbeil 1230–1239 - -
34 Youhanna VI يوحنا السادس Jaj, Jbeil 1239–1245 - Also known as John VI (John IX)
35 Sham'un IV سمعان الرابع Bilaouza Jibbet 1245–1277 - -
36 Ya'qub II يعقوب الثاني - 1277–1278 - Also known as Jacob II
37 Daniel II دانيال الثاني Hadchit, Bsharri 1278–1282 - -
38 Luqa I لوقا الأول Benahran, Koura 1282-???? - Schism and two rival patriarchs
39 Urmia III إرميا الثالث Demalsa, Jbeil 1283–1297 - Also known as Jeremiah III

Patriarchs during the Mamluk rule, 1305–1516[edit]

Order Name of Patriarch
(in English)
Name of Patriarch
(in Arabic)
Birthplace Period Position Notes
40 Sham'un V شمعون الخامس - 1297–1339 Bishop of Cyprus -
41 Youhanna VII يوحنا السابع Aqura, Jbeil 1339–1357 - Also known as John VII
42 Gabriel II جبرائيل الثاني Hjula, Jbeil 1357–1367 - Martyred on the hand of the Mamluks
43 Daoud II داوود الثاني - 1367–1404 - -
44 Youhanna VIII el-Jaji يوحنا الثامن الجاجي Jaj, Jbeil 1404–1445 Patriarchal emissary
(نائب بطريركي)
Also known as John VIII
Patriarchate moved to Kannoubine
45 Ya'qub III el-Hadathi يعقوب الثالث الحدثي Hadath El-Jebbe, Besharri 1445–1468 Bishop of Mar
Yohanna, Besharri
Also known as Jacob of Hadath
46 Youssef II el-Hadathi يوسف الثاني الحدثي Hadath El-Jebbe, Besharri 1468–1492 Patriarchal emissary
(نائب بطريركي)
Known as Joseph of Hadath,
also known as Ibn Hassan

Patriarchs during the Ottomans, 1516–1918[edit]

Order Name of Patriarch
(in English)
Name of Patriarch
(in Arabic)
Birthplace Period Position Notes
47 Semaan el-Hadathi سمعان السادس الحدثي Hadath El-Jebbe, Besharri 1492–1524 Patriarchal emissary
(نائب بطريركي)
-
48 Mousa Saade el-Akari موسى سعادة Kafroun, Akkar 1524–1567 Bishop of Sayyde,
Houqa
-
49 Mikhail I el-Rizzi ميخائيل الأول الرزي Bkoufan, Bsharri 1567–1581 Bishop of Mar
Antonios Kozhaya
-
50 Sarkis el-Rizzi سركيس الرزي Bkoufan, Bsharri 1581–1597 Patriarchal emissary -
51 Youssef III el-Rizzi يوسف الثالث الرزي Bkoufan, Bsharri 1597–1608 Patriarchal emissary -
52 Youhanna IX Makhlouf يوحنا التاسع مخلوف Ehden, Zghorta 1608–1633 Patriarchal emissary Also known as John IX
53 Gewargios I Omaira El Douaihy جرجس الأول عميرة Ehden, Zghorta 1633–1644 Bishop of Ehden -
54 Youssef IV Halib el-Akouri يوسف الرابع حليب Aqoura, Jbeil 1644–1648 Bishop of Saida
and Sour
-
55 Youhanna X el-Bawwab يوحنا العاشر البواب Safra, Keserwan 1648–1656 Patriarchal emissary Also known as John X
56 Gerges II Beseb'ely جرجس الثاني البسبعلي Sebaal, Zghorta 1656–1670 Patriarchal emissary -
57 Estephanus II El Douaihy اسطفانوس الثاني الدويهي Ehden, Zghorta 1670–1704 Bishop of Cyprus
58 Jibrail II جبرائيل الثاني Blouzan, Keserwan 1704–1705 Bishop of Aleppo Also known as Gabriel II
of Blaouza
59 Ya'qub IV Awad يعقوب الرابع عوّاد Hasroun, Bsharri 1705–1733 Bishop of Tripoli -
60 Youssef V El Khazen يوسف الخامس الخازن Jounieh, Keserwan 1733–1742 Bishop of Ghosta
61 Semaan VII Awad سمعان السابع عوّاد Hasroun, Bsharri 1742–1756 Bishop of Damascus -
62 Tobias El Khazen طوبيا الخازن Beqaata, Keserwan 1756–1766 Bishop of Cyprus -
63 Youssef VI Estephan يوسف السادس اسطفان Ghosta, Keserwan 1766–1793 Bishop of Beirut -
64 Mikhail II Fadel ميخائيل الثاني فاضل Beirut 1793–1795 Bishop of Beirut -
65 Philipus Gemayel فيليبس الجميّل Bikfaya, Metn 1795–1796 Bishop of Cyprus -
66 Youssef VII Tyan يوسف السابع تيّان Beirut 1796–1809 Bishop of Damascus
ونائب بطريركي
-
67 Youhanna XI Helou يوحنا الحادي عشر الحلو Ghosta, Keserwan 1809–1823 Bishop of Haifa
ونائب بطريركي
-
68 Youssef VIII Hobaish يوسف الثامن حبيش Sahel Alma, Keserwan 1823–1845 Bishop of Tripoli Patriarchate moved
to Bkerke
69 Youssef IX El Khazen يوسف التاسع الخازن Ajaltoun, Keserwan 1845–1854 Bishop of Damascus
and Sarba
1845 events
70 Boulos I Massad بولس الأول مسعد Ashqout, Keserwan 1854–1890 Patriarchal emissary
(نائب بطريركي)
1860 events
71 Youhanna XII El Hajj يوحنا الثاني عشر الحاج Dlebya, Batroun 1890–1898 Bishop of Baalbek -

Patriarch during modern Lebanon, 1918–present[edit]

Order Name of Patriarch
(in English)
Name of Patriarch
(in Arabic)
Birthplace Period Position Notes
72 Elias Peter Hoayek الياس بطرس الحويّك Halta, Batroun 1898–1931 Bishop of Haifa
نائب بطريركي
Birth of Greater Lebanon
73 Anthony Peter Arida أنطونيوس الثاني بطرس عريضة Becharri 1931–1955 Bishop of Tripoli -
74 Paul Peter Meouchi بولس الثاني بطرس المعوشي Jezzine 1955–1975 Bishop of Sour (Tyre)
75 Anthony Peter Khoraish أنطونيوس الثالث بطرس خريش Ain Ebel, Bint Jbeil 1975–1985 نائب بطريركي Resigned
76 Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir نصرالله بطرس صفير Reifoun, Kesrwan 1985–2011 Bishop of Sarba and Damascus Resigned
77 Bechara Boutros al-Rahi بشارة بطرس الراعي Hemlaya, Metn 2011–present Bishop of Jbeil Incumbent Patriarch

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J.S.Assemani Serie chronologica Patriarchorum Antionchiae, edited and integrated by Joanne Darauni, Rome 1881
  2. ^ Graf, Georg (1960). "90.5". Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur, Volume 3. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. p. 371. 
  3. ^ a b Dau, Butros (1984). Religious, cultural and political history of the Maronites. Lebanon. pp. 228–238. 

External links[edit]