List of marquesses in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

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This is a list of present and extant Marquesses in the Peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1927. Note that it does not mention any Marquessates held as a subsidiary title of a Duke. For a more complete listing, which adds these "hidden" Marquessates as well as extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Marquessates.

They were a relatively late introduction to the British peerage, and on the evening of the Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, the Prime Minister Lord Melbourne explained to her why (from her journals):

"I spoke to Ld M. about the numbers of Peers present at the Coronation, & he said it was quite unprecedented. I observed that there were very few Viscounts, to which he replied "There are very few Viscounts," that they were an old sort of title & not really English; that they came from Vice-Comites; that Dukes & Barons were the only real English titles; — that Marquises were likewise not English, & that people were mere made Marquises, when it was not wished that they should be made Dukes".[1]

Order of precedence[edit]

Heraldic representation of the Coronet of a British Marquess.

The general order of precedence among Marquesses is:

  1. Marquesses in the Peerage of England
  2. Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland
  3. Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain
  4. Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created before 1801
  5. Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created after 1801

Marquesses in the Peerage of England[edit]

  1. The Marquess of Winchester (1551) Marquess of Winchester COA.svg

Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland[edit]

  1. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) Marquess of Huntly arms.svg
  2. The Marquess of Queensberry (1682) Coat of arms of the Marquess of Queensberry.svg
  3. The Marquess of Tweeddale (1694) Marquess of Tweeddale arms.svg
  4. The Marquess of Lothian (1701) Ker.svg

Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain[edit]

  1. The Marquess of Lansdowne (1784) Marquess of Lansdowne.svg
  2. The Marquess Townshend (1787) Marquess of Townsend COA.svg
  3. The Marquess of Salisbury (1789) Marquess of Salisbury COA.svg
  4. The Marquess of Bath (1789) Bath, marquess of.svg
  5. The Marquess of Hertford (1793) Marquess of Hertford.svg
  6. The Marquess of Bute (1796) Marquess of Bute COA.svg

Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland[edit]

The two Irish Marquesses created after 1801 yield precedence to earlier created Marquesses of the United Kingdom.
  1. The Marquess of Waterford (1789) Marquess of Waterford COA.svg
  2. The Marquess of Downshire (1789) Marquess of Downshire COA.svg
  3. The Marquess of Donegall (1791) Marquess of Donegall COA.svg
  4. The Marquess of Headfort (1800) Marquess of Headfort COA.svg
  5. The Marquess of Sligo (1800) Coat of arms of the Marquess of Sligo.svg
  6. The Marquess of Ely (1800) Coat of arms of the Marquess of Ely.svg
  7. The Marquess of Londonderry (1816) Marquess of Londonderry COA.svg
  8. The Marquess Conyngham (1816) Coat of arms of Marquess Conyngham.svg

Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom[edit]

Precedence of Irish Marquesses shown in italics.
  1. The Marquess of Exeter (1801) Marquess of Exeter COA.svg
  2. The Marquess of Northampton (1812) Coat of arms of the Marquess of Northampton.svg
  3. The Marquess Camden (1812) Marquess of Camden COA.svg
  4. The Marquess of Anglesey (1815) Coat of arms fo the Marquess of Anglesey.svg
  5. The Marquess of Cholmondeley (1815) (holds higher rank as Lord Great Chamberlain) Marquess of Cholmondeley COA.svg
    Marquess of Londonderry (Ireland)
    Marquess Conyngham (Ireland)
  6. The Marquess of Ailesbury (1821) Arms of the Marquess of Ailesbury.svg
  7. The Marquess of Bristol (1826) Marquess of Bristol COA.svg
  8. The Marquess of Ailsa (1831) Marquess of Ailsa COA.svg
  9. The Marquess of Normanby (1838) Marquess of Normanby COA.svg
  10. The Marquess of Abergavenny (1876) Marquess of abergavenny.svg
  11. The Marquess of Zetland (1892) Marquess of Zetland COA.svg
  12. The Marquess of Linlithgow (1902) Marquess of Linlithgow Arms.svg
  13. The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair (1916) Arms of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair.svg
  14. The Marquess of Milford Haven (1917) Arms of Louis Mountbatten, Earl of Burma.svg
  15. The Marquess of Reading (1926) Marquess of Reading COA.svg

List of eldest sons of Marquesses[edit]

  1. Earl of Wiltshire, eldest son of the Marquess of Winchester
  2. Earl of Aboyne, eldest son of the Marquess of Huntly
  3. Viscount Drumlanrig, eldest son of the Marquess of Queensberry
  4. Earl of Kerry, eldest son of the Marquess of Lansdowne
  5. Viscount Raynham, eldest son of the Marquess Townshend
  6. Viscount Cranborne, eldest son of the Marquess of Salisbury
  7. Viscount Weymouth, eldest son of the Marquess of Bath
  8. Earl of Yarmouth, eldest son of the Marquess of Hertford
  9. Earl of Dumfries, eldest son of the Marquess of Bute
  10. Earl of Tyrone, eldest son of the Marquess of Waterford
  11. Earl of Hillsborough, eldest son of the Marquess of Downshire
  12. Earl of Belfast, eldest son of the Marquess of Donegall
  13. Earl of Bective, eldest son of the Marquess of Headfort
  14. Lord Burghley, eldest son of the Marquess of Exeter
  15. Earl Compton, eldest son of the Marquess of Northampton
  16. Earl of Brecknock, eldest son of the Marquess Camden
  17. Earl of Uxbridge, eldest son of the Marquess of Anglesey
  18. Earl of Rocksavage, eldest son of the Marquess of Cholmondeley
  19. Earl of Mount Charles, eldest son of the Marquess Conyngham
  20. Earl of Cardigan, eldest son of the Marquess of Ailesbury
  21. Earl of Mulgrave, eldest son of the Marquess of Normanby
  22. Earl of Ronaldshay, eldest son of the Marquess of Zetland
  23. Earl of Hopetoun, eldest son of the Marquess of Linlithgow
  24. Earl of Haddo, eldest son of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
  25. Earl of Medina, eldest son of the Marquess of Milford Haven
  26. Viscount Erleigh, eldest son of the Marquess of Reading

References[edit]

  1. ^ Queen Victoria's Journals, Thursday 28th June 1838, Buckingham Palace, Princess Beatrice's copies, Volume:4 (1st June 1838-1st October 1838) p. 84, online, accessed May 25, 2013