List of Maya sites

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This list of Maya sites is an alphabetical listing of a number of significant archaeological sites associated with the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.

The peoples and cultures which comprised the Maya civilization spanned more than 2500 years of Mesoamerican history, in the region of southern Mesoamerica which incorporates the present-day nations of Guatemala and Belize, much of Honduras and El Salvador, and the southeastern states of Mexico from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec eastwards, including the entire Yucatán Peninsula.

Throughout this region, many hundreds of Maya sites[1] have been documented in at least some form by archaeological surveys and investigations, while the numbers of smaller/uninvestigated (or unknown) sites are so numerous (one study has documented over 4,400 Maya sites)[2] that no complete archaeological list has yet been made. The listing which appears here is necessarily incomplete, however it contains notable sites drawn from several large and ongoing surveys, such as the Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI) and other sources (see References).

Note : Ignore the Spanish definite article "El" or "La" (and their plurals "Los" and "Las") when looking for a site in the alphabetical listing e.g. for El Mirador, look under M rather than E.
Map depicting the Maya area within the larger Mesoamerican region. View full size for details.

Most important sites[edit]

Maya sites which are known to have been among the largest and most influential polities through the various eras of Maya history —Formative (or Preclassic), Classic and Postclassic— and/or which have left the most impressive archaeological remains include:

Site Location Description Photo
El Baúl Escuintla Department, Guatemala El Baúl, along with the sites of Bilbao and El Castillo, forms the Cotzumalhuapa Nuclear Zone, a large urban area dating to the Late Classic period. El Baúl 2.jpg
Becan Campeche, Mexico Becan was a major city in the Yucatán Peninsula. It was occupied from about 550 BC, in the Middle Preclassic period and was inhabited through the entire Classic Period, finally being abandoned around the 9th century AD. The site had contact with Teotihuacan in the Early Classic and was fortified with a moat and ramparts.[3] Becan x2.jpg
Calakmul Campeche, Mexico Calakmul was one of the two most important Maya cities in the Classic Period, when its rivalry with Tikal dominated the Maya political landscape. The city was already an important city in the Late Preclassic, with dated monuments being erected up to the beginning of the 10th century AD.[4] Calakmul2.jpg
Caracol Cayo District, Belize Caracol was an important lowland Maya city, it was already settled in the Late Preclassic but reached its maximum power in the Classic Period when it was first allied with Tikal and later with Calakmul. It played an important role in the downfall of Tikal in the Early Classic and underwent a dramatic expansion in the Late Classic.[5] Panorama atop Caracol.png
El Ceibal (also known as Seibal) Petén Department, Guatemala Seibal was the largest Classic Period city in the Pasión River region, situated on buffs overlooking the river. The city experienced a Late Preclassic apogee before declining in the Early Classic and falling under the domination of Dos Pilas in the Late Classic. It survived the collapse of that kingdom to become one of the last cities to survive in the area and was abandoned at the end of the Classic Period.[6] Seibal-temple.jpg
Chichen Itza Yucatán, Mexico Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and was a major focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through to the Early Postclassic period and that demonstrated a variety of Maya and non-Maya architectural styles.[7] El Castillo Stitch 2008 observer edit.jpg
Chunchucmil Yucatán, Mexico Chunchucmil was a large site that reached its apogee during the Late to Terminal Classic. The organisation of the city appears to have differed from that of other Maya sites and appears to have been geared towards a specialised coastal trade in salt.[8] Chunchucmil-reconstruction-2.jpg
Coba Quintana Roo, Mexico Coba is large site situated among five small lakes on a dry plain. The site is known for a network of 16 causeways linking it to neighbouring sites, the longest of which runs over 100 kilometres (62 mi) west to Yaxuna. The main phase of occupation of the city dates to the Late Classic through to the Early Postclassic, from about AD 700 to 1100.[9] Coba Nohoch Mul-27527.jpg
Copán Copán Department, Honduras Copán was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD, when it was closely allied with Tikal. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian cultural region, and was almost surrounded by non-Maya peoples. The city is best known for its elaborate sculptural style.[10] Copan sculpture.jpg
Dos Pilas Petén Department, Guatemala Dos Pilas dates to the Late Classic Period, being founded by an offshoot of the Tikal dynasty in order to control trade routes in the Petexbatún region. It broke away from Tikal and became a vassal of Calakmul. It was a predator state from the beginning and the city gives an important glimpse into the great rivalries and political strife that characterised the Late Classic. Much of the history of Dos Pilas can now be reconstructed, with a level of detail that is almost unparalleled in the Maya area.[11] Dos Pilas 1.jpg
Dzibilchaltun Yucatán, Mexico Dzibilchaltun was a large and important city in the far north of the Yucatán Peninsula, with its principal architecture dating to the Classic Period, although activity at the site continued into the Late Postclassic when the city's main temple was already in ruins.[12] Dzibilchaltun.jpg
Ixkun Petén Department, Guatemala Ixkun is a large site containing many unrestored mounds and ruins and is the best known archaeological site within the municipality of Dolores.[13] It was the capital of one of the four largest kingdoms in the upper Mopan Valley.[14] Stela 1 at Ixkun is one of the tallest stone monuments in the entire Petén Basin.[15] Although the main period of activity was during the Late Classic Period, the site was occupied from the Late Preclassic right through to the Postclassic Period.
Ixkun 8.jpg
Kaminaljuyu Guatemala Department, Guatemala Kaminaljuyu was founded in the Middle Preclassic and emerged as an important city in the Late Preclassic and dominated the entire Maya Highlands. It declined at the end of the Preclassic and was taken over by a new Maya group in the Early Classic with strong contacts with central Mexico. Occupation at Kaminaljuyu extended into the Late Classic.[16]
Kaminaljuyu 1979 motorcycle.jpg
Mayapan Yucatán, Mexico Mayapan was an important fortified city with a densely occupied area within the city walls. The principal pyramid at Mayapan was modelled after the main pyramid at Chichen Itza. The city was the most important site in Yucatán for a period of about 250 years during the Postclassic Period, with the earliest structures dating to the 12th century AD.[17] Mayapan Castillo.jpg
El Mirador Petén Department, Guatemala El Mirador was an enormous Late Preclassic city although construction apparently began in the Middle Preclassic and some level of occupation continued into the Classic Period. The city included some very large triadic pyramids and covered an area similar to that of Classic Period Tikal.[18] El Mirado mascaron.jpg
Naachtun Petén Department, Guatemala Naachtun is situated in the extreme north of Petén, in a central location between Tikal and Calakmul, the two great Classic Period Maya powers, both of which constantly influenced its politics. The hieroglyphic texts from the site cover almost the whole Classic Period from 504 to 761 AD, although the site was inhabited since the Preclassic.[19]
Nakbe Petén Department, Guatemala Nakbe was an important city in the Middle Preclassic, with its principal phase of occupation lasting from about 1000 BC to 400 BC. The city is linked to neighbouring El Mirador by a Late Preclassic causeway. Nakbe appears to possess the earliest examples of Maya masonry architecture and of sacbe causeways.[20] Nakbe str.JPG
Naranjo Petén Department, Guatemala Naranjo was the capital of a kingdom from the Early Classic through to the Late Classic and formed an important link in the trade routes running from the great city of Tikal to the Caribbean Sea. The earliest dated monuments at the site date to the late 5th century AD. The city became a vassal of Tikal's great rival Calakmul and was involved in a series of devastating wars.[21]
Oxkintok Yucatán, Mexico Oxkintok was one of the first Maya states to develop in the northern lowlands, undergoing a process of rapid development in the Early Classic Period that gave rise to an important capital with inscribed stone monuments. The earliest dated monument dates to the late 5th century AD.[22] Oxkintok-column-1.jpg
Palenque Chiapas, Mexico Palenque is located in the foothills of the Chiapas highlands. The city became dominant over the western Maya lowlands during the Late Classic, and engaged in hostilities with its neighbour Toniná that eventually eclipsed it. Hieroglyphic inscriptions at Palenque document a dynastic sequence stretching from the 5th century AD through to the end of the 8th century. The site is best known for the Temple of the Inscriptions, the mortuary shrine containing the tomb of king K'inich Janaab' Pakal.[23] Palenque - El Palacio - Tour (2).JPG
El Peru (also known as Waka') Petén Department, Guatemala El Perú was a major Classic Period ally of Calakmul in its wars against Tikal.[24] Waka altar.jpg
Piedras Negras Petén Department, Guatemala Piedras Negras was the largest city in the region of the Usumacinta River and is known for its excellent quality Late Classic sculpted monuments. These well preserved inscriptions provided the first evidence that Maya texts described historical events. The site has a continuous series of texts running from the 7th century AD through to the 9th century.[25]
Quiriguá Izabal Department, Guatemala Quiriguá is a relatively small site that was founded by Tikal in the Early Classic in order to control the Motagua River trade route, important for the transport of jade and obsidian. Originally a vassal of Copán, the city rebelled and allied itself with Calakmul, after which it erected elaborate monuments in a style similar to that of its former overlord.[26] QuiriguaStela1.jpg
Q'umarkaj Quiché Department, Guatemala Q'umarkaj (also known as Utatlán) was the Postclassic capital of the K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj at the time of the Spanish Conquest and was one of the most powerful Maya cities at that time, dominating the Guatemalan Highlands.[27] Utatlan1.jpg
San Bartolo Petén Department, Guatemala San Bartolo is a remote site in the Guatemalan rainforest and was only discovered in 2001. Most of the structures at the site date to the Late Preclassic and overlie older Middle Preclassic architecture, although the city was reoccupied in the Late Classic. San Bartolo possesses one of the most important Preclassic murals yet found.[28] SBmural.jpg
Tikal Petén Department, Guatemala Tikal was founded in the Late Preclassic but reached its greatest power in the Late Classic, when most of its great temples were constructed. The site was one of the most powerful kingdoms in Maya history and possesses a dynastic chronology that extends from about AD 100 through to the 9th century. A long-running rivalry between Tikal and Calakmul began in the 6th century, with each of the two cities forming its own network of mutually hostile alliances arrayed against each other in what has been likened to a long-running war between two Maya superpowers.[29] Guatemala 074.jpg
Tulum Quintana Roo, Mexico Tulum is a Late Postclassic site situated on cliffs overlooking the Caribbean Sea and was probably occupied at the time of the Spanish Conquest. It is a small site with architecture in a style similar to that at the bigger cities of Chichen Itza and Mayapan. The site was probably founded to expand the coastal trade routes of the Yucatán Peninsula.[30] Tulum.jpg
Uxmal Yucatán, Mexico Uxmal was an important capital in the western Yucatán region, demonstrating architecture in the Puuc Maya style. The site reached its apogee in the Late to Terminal Classic from about AD 800–1000 and appears to have declined at the beginning of the Postclassic Period, although the exact length of occupation of the city is unknown.[31] Uxmal Pyramid of the Magician.jpg
Yaxchilan Chiapas, Mexico In the Late Classic Period Yaxchilan was one of the most powerful Maya cities along the course of the Usumacinta, with Piedras Negras as its major rival.[32] Architectural styles in subordinate sites in the Usumacinta region demonstrate clear differences that mark a clear boundary between the two kingdoms.[32] Yaxchilan was a large center, important throughout the Classic era, and the dominant power of the Usumacinta River area. It dominated such smaller sites as Bonampak.[33] The site is particularly known for its well-preserved sculptured stone lintels set above the doorways of the main structures.[34] Yaxchilan 1.jpg
Yaxha Petén Department, Guatemala Yaxha was a large city located upon the north shore of the lake of the same name. The city reached its maximum power in the Early Classic, when it was one of the largest capital cities in the Maya region; it was apparently allied with Tikal at that time. By the Late Classic its power had waned, perhaps linked to defeat by Calakmul or its allies.[35] Yaxhatemplo216.jpg

Alphabetical listing[edit]

A[edit]

Site Location Photo
Abaj Takalik (see Takalik Abaj) Retalhuleu Department, Guatemala[36] Takalik Abaj Stela 5 p4.jpg
Acanceh Yucatán, Mexico[37] Acanceh1.jpg
Acanmul Campeche, Mexico[38] Acanmul.jpg
Actun Tunichil Muknal Cayo District, Belize[39] Actun tunichil muknal-pottery.jpg
Actuncan Cayo District, Belize[40]
El Aguacate Petén Department, Guatemala[41]
Aguas Calientes Petén Department, Guatemala[42]
Aguateca Petén Department, Guatemala[43] Aguateca-plaza.jpg
Ake Yucatán, Mexico[37] Aké Säulenpalast.jpg
Akte Petén Department, Guatemala[44]
Almuchil Campeche, Mexico[45]
Altar de los Reyes Campeche, Mexico[46]
Altar de Sacrificios Petén Department, Guatemala[47]
Altun Ha Belize District, Belize Altunha.jpg
La Amelia Petén Department, Guatemala[48] LA AMELIA STEP 7.jpg
El Amparo Chiapas, Mexico
Anayte' Chiapas, Mexico
Anonal Petén Department, Guatemala[49]
Arroyo de Piedra Petén Department, Guatemala[50]

B[edit]

Site Location Photo
Baking Pot Cayo District, Belize
Balberta Escuintla Department, Guatemala[51]
Balakbal Campeche, Mexico
Balamku Campeche, Mexico[37] Fries von Balamk.JPG
Balamtun Petén Department, Guatemala
Balankanche Yucatán, Mexico[37] Balankanche2.jpg
El Baúl Escuintla Department, Guatemala[52] El Baúl 1.jpg
Becan Campeche, Mexico[37] Becán - Structure X.jpg
Bejucal Petén Department, Guatemala[53]
Bellote Tabasco, Mexico
Blackman Eddy Cayo District, Belize
La Blanca, Peten Petén Department, Guatemala[54] La Blanca, Petén 3.jpg
Bolonchen Campeche, Mexico
Bonampak Chiapas, Mexico[37] Bonampak pyramid.jpg
Buena Vista Petén Department, Guatemala[55]

C[edit]

Site Location Photo
Cahal Pech Cayo District, Belize Cahal Pech 2.jpg
Calakmul Campeche, Mexico[37] Calakr4.jpg
Campeche Campeche, Mexico
Cancuen Petén Department, Guatemala[56] Cancuenpanel3.jpg
Cansacbe Campeche, Mexico
Caracol Cayo District, Belize Belize caracol.jpg
El Caribe Petén Department, Guatemala[57]
Casa Blanca Santa Ana Department, El Salvador[58] Casa Blanca (sitio precolombino).jpg
Cenotillo Yucatán, Mexico
Los Cerritos-Chijoj Quiché Department, Guatemala[59] Guat2004 0426 112812ruins.JPG
Cerros Corozal District, Belize Cerros1.jpg
Chac II Yucatán, Mexico Chac II.jpg
Chacchoben Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Chacchoben 2.jpg
Chacmultun Yucatán, Mexico[37] Chacmultun Xeth Pol 3.jpg
Chactún Campeche, Mexico
Chakalal Quintana Roo, Mexico Chakalal.jpg
Chakanbakan Quintana Roo, Mexico[60]
Chakokot Petén Department, Guatemala[61]
El Chal Petén Department, Guatemala[62] El Chal 3.jpg
Chapayal Petén Department, Guatemala[63]
Chiapa de Corzo Chiapas, Mexico[64] Mound 1.JPG
Chicanna Campeche, Mexico[37] Chicanna XX.jpg
Chichen Itza Yucatán, Mexico[37] Chichen Itza ruins in Mexico -- by John Romkey.jpg
Chichmul Yucatán, Mexico
El Chicozapote Petén Department, Guatemala
Chinaha
Chinikiha Chiapas, Mexico
Chinkultic Chiapas, Mexico[37] Chinkultic 0292.JPG
Chitinamit Quiché Department, Guatemala[65]
Chocolá Suchitepéquez Department, Guatemala[66]
Chojolom Quetzaltenango Department, Guatemala Chojolom 2.jpg
El Chorro Petén Department, Guatemala[67]
Chuctiepa Chiapas, Mexico
Chunchucmil Yucatán, Mexico Chunchucmil-reconstruction-2.jpg
Chunhuhub Campeche, Mexico[37] Chunhuhub01.JPG
Chunhuitz Petén Department, Guatemala
Chunlimon Campeche, Mexico Chunlimon2.jpg
Cival Petén Department, Guatemala
Civiltuk
Coba Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Oval Temple Coba.jpg
Comalcalco Tabasco, Mexico[37] Piramide comalcalco.jpg
Comitan Chiapas, Mexico
Consacbe
Copán Copán Department, Honduras CPN WEST COURT 01.jpg
La Corona (The enigmatic "Site Q") Petén Department, Guatemala
Corozal Corozal District, Belize
Cozumel Quintana Roo, Mexico
Cuca Yucatán, Mexico Cuca Maya.jpg
Cuello Orange Walk District, Belize
Culuba Yucatán, Mexico Culubá 2.jpg

D[edit]

Site Location Photo
Dos Pilas Petén Department, Guatemala[68] Itzamnaaj K'awiil.jpg
Dzehkabtun Campeche, Mexico
Dzekilna Yucatán, Mexico
Dzibanche Quintana Roo, Mexico[69] Dzibanche1.jpg
Dzibilchaltun Yucatán, Mexico[37] Pyramid in dzibilchatún, temple of the seven dolls.jpg
Dzibilnocac Campeche, Mexico[37] Dsibilnocac totale.png
Dzibiltun Campeche, Mexico Dsibiltun T1.png
Dzilam Yucatán, Mexico
Dzitbalche Campeche, Mexico
Dzula Quintana Roo, Mexico

E[edit]

Site Location Photo
Edzna Campeche, Mexico[37] Cinco Pisos Edzná.JPG
Ek' Balam Yucatán, Mexico[37] Ek Balam101.JPG
Ekab (modern Cancun) Quintana Roo, Mexico
El Encanto (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
El Encanto (Petén) Petén Department, Guatemala[70]
Colonia La Esperanza Chiapas, Mexico

F[edit]

Site Location Photo
La Florida Petén Department, Guatemala[71]
Flores (see Tayasal) Petén Department, Guatemala[72] Guatemala-Flores.jpg

G[edit]

Site Location Photo
Guaquitepec Chiapas, Mexico
Gumarcaj (see Q'umarkaj) Quiché Department, Guatemala[73]

H[edit]

Site Location Photo
Hacienda Hotzuc Yucatán, Mexico
Halakal Yucatán, Mexico
Halal Yucatán, Mexico
Haltunchon Campeche, Mexico
Los Higos Copán Department, Honduras
Hochob Campeche, Mexico[37] Hochob II.jpg
Holactun Campeche, Mexico
La Honradez[74] Petén Department, Guatemala
Holtun Petén Department, Guatemala[75]
Hormiguero Campeche, Mexico[37] Hormiguero II.jpg
Huacutal Petén Department, Guatemala
Huntichmul Yucatán, Mexico Huntichmul-I-1.jpg
Huntichmul II Campeche, Mexico Huntichmul-II-1.jpg

I[edit]

Site Location Photo
Ichmac Campeche, Mexico
Ichmul Yucatán, Mexico
Ichpaatun Quintana Roo, Mexico
Ichpich Campeche, Mexico Ichpich1.jpg
Ikil (Maya site) Yucatán, Mexico
Itsimte-Sacluk Petén Department, Guatemala
Itzamkanac Campeche, Mexico Itzamkanac2.JPG
Itzan Petén Department, Guatemala[76]
Itzimte-Bolonchen (see Bolonchen) Campeche, Mexico
Ixil Yucatán, Mexico
Iximche Chimaltenango Department, Guatemala[77] Iximche guatemala 2009.JPG
Ixkun Petén Department, Guatemala[78] Ixkun 8.jpg
Ixlu Petén Department, Guatemala[79] Ixlu 4.jpg
Ixtelha Chiapas, Mexico
Ixtonton Petén Department, Guatemala[80] Ixtonton Stela 2.jpg
Ixtutz Petén Department, Guatemala[81] Ixtutz Panel 2.jpg
Izamal Yucatán, Mexico[37] Izamal lado.jpg
Izapa Chiapas, Mexico Izapa ruins 1.jpg

J[edit]

Site Location Photo
Jacawitz (see Chitinamit) Quiché Department, Guatemala
Jaina Island Campeche, Mexico[82] Jaina.jpg
Jimbal Petén Department, Guatemala[83]
Jolja' Chiapas, Mexico
Jonuta Tabasco, Mexico
Joya de Cerén La Libertad Department, El Salvador Ceren 01.jpg
La Joyanca Petén Department, Guatemala[84]

K[edit]

Site Location Photo
Kabah Yucatán, Mexico[37] 0064 Kabah.JPG
Kalakmul (see Calakmul) Campeche, Mexico[37] Calakmulmexico.jpg
Kaminaljuyu Guatemala Department, Guatemala[85] Kaminaljuyu 2.jpg
Kana Quintana Roo, Mexico
Kanki Campeche, Mexico[37]
Kantunil Kin Quintana Roo, Mexico
Kaxuinic Orange Walk District, Belize
Kayal Campeche, Mexico
Kinal Petén Department, Guatemala[86]
Kiuic Yucatán, Mexico Kivik1.jpg
Kohunlich Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Kohunlich.JPG
Komchen Yucatán, Mexico

L[edit]

Site Location Photo
Labna Yucatán, Mexico[37] Labna arco W.jpg
Lacanha Chiapas, Mexico Lacanja0721.JPG
Laguna Perdida Petén Department, Guatemala[87]
Lagunita Campeche, Mexico
Lamanai Orange Walk District, Belize Templeofthejaguar.jpg
Lashtunich Petén Department, Guatemala
Loltun Yucatán, Mexico[37] Grutas de Loltun 1.JPG
López Mateos Chiapas, Mexico
Louisville Corozal District, Belize
Lubaantun Toledo District, Belize Lubaantun-structure.jpg

M[edit]

Site Location Photo
Machaquila Petén Department, Guatemala[88]
Managua (Maya site) Campeche, Mexico
Maní Yucatán, Mexico
La Mar Chiapas, Mexico SteleLaMarTuxtla.JPG
Mario Ancona Quintana Roo, Mexico
Maxcanu Yucatán, Mexico
Mayapan Yucatán, Mexico[37] Mayapan.jpg
El Meco Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Elmecocun.JPG
La Milpa Orange Walk District, Belize
Minanha Cayo District, Belize
El Mirador Petén Department, Guatemala[89] Elmiradortigre.jpg
Miraflores Chiapas, Mexico
Mixco Viejo Chimaltenango Department, Guatemala[90] Mixco Viejo 1.JPG
Monte Alto Escuintla Department, Guatemala[91]
La Montura Petén Department, Guatemala
Mopila Yucatán, Mexico
Moral Reforma Tabasco, Mexico LaReforma1.JPG
Motul de San José Petén Department, Guatemala[92] Motul de San José 2.jpg
Mountain Cow Cayo District, Belize
La Muerta Petén Department, Guatemala La Muerta.jpg
Mulchic Yucatán, Mexico
Muluch Tsekal Yucatán, Mexico
La Muñeca Campeche, Mexico
Muyil Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Muyil3.jpg

N[edit]

Site Location Photo
Naachtun Petén Department, Guatemala[19]
Naj Tunich Petén Department, Guatemala[93] Naj Tunich Entrada.JPG
Nakbe Petén Department, Guatemala[94] Nakbe str.JPG
Nakum Petén Department, Guatemala Nakum1.jpg
Naranjo Petén Department, Guatemala[95]
La Naya Petén Department, Guatemala
Nebaj Quiché Department, Guatemala[96]
Nicolás Bravo Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
Nim Li Punit Toledo District, Belize Nim Li Punit 1.jpg
Nocuchich Campeche, Mexico Nocuchich.jpg
Nohpat Yucatán, Mexico

O[edit]

Site Location Photo
Ojo de Agua Campeche, Mexico
Okop Quintana Roo, Mexico
Oxcutzcab Yucatán, Mexico
Oxkintok Yucatán, Mexico[37] Oxkintoc MA-1.jpg
Oxlahuntun Chiapas, Mexico
Oxpemul Campeche, Mexico[97]
Oxtankah Quintana Roo, Mexico[60]

P[edit]

Site Location Photo
El Pabellón Chiapas, Mexico
Padre Piedra Chiapas, Mexico
Pajaral Petén Department, Guatemala
Palenque Chiapas, Mexico[37] Palenque ruins 2.jpg
El Palmar (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
El Palmar (Quintana Roo) Quintana Roo, Mexico
Panhale Tabasco, Mexico
Boca del Cerro
Pantaleón Escuintla Department, Guatemala[98]
El Paraíso (Maya site) Copán Department, Honduras
El Parajal Petén Department, Guatemala[99]
La Pasadita Petén Department, Guatemala[100]
Pasión del Cristo Quintana Roo, Mexico
El Pato Petén Department, Guatemala
Pechal Campeche, Mexico Pechal VI.jpg
El Perú Petén Department, Guatemala[101] Waka altar.jpg
Pestac Chiapas, Mexico
Pie de Gallo Petén Department, Guatemala
Piedra Labrada Chiapas, Mexico
Piedras Negras Petén Department, Guatemala[102] Piedrasnegrastrono.jpg
El Pilar Jointly in Cayo District, Belize and Petén Department, Guatemala[103] Tzunuun El Pilar.jpg
Pixoy Campeche, Mexico
Plan de Ayutla Chiapas, Mexico[64] PlanDeAyutla1.JPG
La Pochitoca Petén Department, Guatemala[104]
Polol Petén Department, Guatemala[105]
Pomona, Belize Stann Creek District, Belize
Pomona, Tabasco Tabasco, Mexico[37] Pomona3.JPG
Pomuch Campeche, Mexico
El Portón Baja Verapaz Department, Guatemala[106]
El Porvenir Petén Department, Guatemala[107]
El Puente Copán Department, Honduras
Punta de Chimino Petén Department, Guatemala[108]
Pusilha Toledo District, Belize

Q[edit]

Site Location Photo
"Site Q" (see La Corona) Petén Department, Guatemala
Quen Santo Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[109]
Quiriguá Izabal Department, Guatemala[110] QuiriguaGreatPlaza1.jpg
Q'umarkaj Quiché Department, Guatemala[111] Temple of Awilix.jpg

R[edit]

Site Location Photo
El Resbalón Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
El Retiro Chiapas, Mexico
Río Amarillo Copán Department, Honduras
Río Azul Petén Department, Guatemala[112]
Río Bec Campeche, Mexico[97] Rio Bec B.jpg
Río Michol Chiapas, Mexico
El Rosal (Maya site)

S[edit]

Site Location Photo
Sabacche Yucatán, Mexico
Sacchana Chiapas, Mexico
Sacnicte Yucatán, Mexico
Sacul Petén Department, Guatemala[113] Sacul vase.jpg
Salinas de los Nueve Cerros Alta Verapaz Department, Guatemala[114]
San Andrés La Libertad Department, El Salvador San Andrés El Salvador 2.jpg
San Bartolo Petén Department, Guatemala SBmural.jpg
San Clemente Petén Department, Guatemala[115]
San Diego Petén Department, Guatemala[116]
San Gervasio Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] MayaHands.jpg
San Lorenzo (Campeche) Campeche, Mexico
San Lorenzo (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
San Mateo Ixtatán Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[117] San Mateo Ixtatán 2.jpg
San Pedro (Dzitbalche) Campeche, Mexico
Santa Elena Poco Uinic Chiapas, Mexico
Santa Rita Corozal Corozal District, Belize
Santa Rosa Xtampak Campeche, Mexico[37] SRX12.JPG
Santoton Chiapas, Mexico
Sayil Yucatán, Mexico[37] Palacio Sayil.jpg
Seibal Petén Department, Guatemala[118] Ruines El Ceibal.JPG
Sihó Yucatán, Mexico Siho1.jpg
Silvituc Campeche, Mexico
Simojovel Chiapas, Mexico
Sisilha Campeche, Mexico
La Sufricaya Petén Department, Guatemala[119]

T[edit]

Site Location Photo
Tabi Yucatán, Mexico
El Tabasqueño Campeche, Mexico[37] Tabasqueño 1986.jpg
Takalik Abaj Retalhuleu Department, Guatemala[36] TakalikAbajStructure12.jpg
Tamarindito Petén Department, Guatemala
Tancah Quintana Roo, Mexico
Tayasal Petén Department, Guatemala[120] Tayasal sitio arqueologico.jpg
Tazumal Santa Ana Department, El Salvador Templo tazumal.jpg
Techoh Yucatán, Mexico
Telantunich Quintana Roo, Mexico
Teleman Alta Verapaz Department, Guatemala
El Temblor Petén Department, Guatemala
Tenam Puente Chiapas, Mexico[37] Acropolis Tenam.jpg
Tenam Rosario Chiapas, Mexico
Tikal Petén Department, Guatemala[121] Tikal Giaguaro.jpg
Tila Chiapas, Mexico
El Tintal Petén Department, Guatemala[122] El Tintal 1.jpg
Tohcok Campeche, Mexico[37] Tohcok.jpg
Tonalá Chiapas, Mexico
Toniná Chiapas, Mexico[37] Toniná Pyramid 1.jpg
Topoxté Petén Department, Guatemala[123] Topoxté 2.jpg
Tortuguero Tabasco, Mexico
Tres Islas Petén Department, Guatemala[124]
La Trinidad de Nosotros Petén Department, Guatemala[125]
Tulum Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Ruins by TW.jpg
Tunkuyi Campeche, Mexico
Tzendales Chiapas, Mexico
Tzibanche Quintana Roo, Mexico
Tzocchen Campeche, Mexico
Tzum Campeche, Mexico

U[edit]

Site Location Photo
Uaxactun Petén Department, Guatemala[126] TempleOfMasks Uaxactun.JPG
Uaymil Campeche, Mexico[127]
Ucanal Petén Department, Guatemala[128]
Uci Yucatán, Mexico
Uitzina Yucatán, Mexico Uitzina.jpg
Ukum Yucatán, Mexico
La Unión Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
Uolantun Petén Department, Guatemala
Utatlan (see Q'umarkaj) Quiché Department, Guatemala Utatlan2.jpg
Uxbenka Toledo District, Belize
Uxmal Yucatán, Mexico[37] Uxmal - Quadrangulo de las Monjas - Nördlicher Palast und kleine Halle 1.jpg
Uxul Petén Department, Guatemala

W[edit]

Site Location Photo
Waka' (see El Perú) Petén Department, Guatemala[101] Waka altar.jpg
Waxaktun (see Uaxactun) Petén Department, Guatemala[126]
Witzna Petén Department, Guatemala

X[edit]

Site Location Photo
Xbalche Campeche, Mexico Xbalché6.jpg
Xcalumkin Campeche, Mexico[37] Xcalumkin HG-Gruppe Süd.jpg
Xcambo Yucatán, Mexico Xcambó.jpg
Xcaret Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Xcaret Mayan Ruins.jpg
X'Castillo Yucatán, Mexico
Xcocha Campeche, Mexico
Xcochkax Campeche, Mexico
Xcorralche Yucatán, Mexico
Xcucsuc Campeche, Mexico
Xculoc Campeche, Mexico
Xelha Quintana Roo, Mexico[37] Xelha2.jpg
Xicalango Campeche, Mexico
Xkalachetzimin Campeche, Mexico
Xkichmook Yucatán, Mexico Xkichmook6.jpg
Xkipche Yucatán, Mexico Xkipche-W1.jpg
Xkombec Campeche, Mexico
Xkukican Yucatán, Mexico
Xlapak Yucatán, Mexico[37] Xlabpak (N).jpg
Xmakabatun Petén Department, Guatemala
Xnaheb Toledo District, Belize
Xnucbec Campeche, Mexico Xnucbec Capstone.jpg
Xpuhil Campeche, Mexico[37] Xpuhil I.jpg
Xtampak (also known as Santa Rosa Xtampak) Campeche, Mexico[37]
Xtobo Yucatán, Mexico
Xul Yucatán, Mexico
Xultun Petén Department, Guatemala[129]
Xunantunich Cayo District, Belize Xunantunich09.jpg
Xupa Chiapas, Mexico
Xutilha Petén Department, Guatemala[130]

Y[edit]

Site Location Photo
Yaaxhom Yucatán, Mexico
Yakalmai Campeche, Mexico
Yalcabakal Campeche, Mexico
Yaltutud Petén Department, Guatemala
Yaxche-Xlabpak Campeche, Mexico Yaxche Xlabpak.jpg
Yaxchilan Chiapas, Mexico[37] Yaxchilan Structure 33.jpg
Yaxcopoil Yucatán, Mexico
Yaxha Petén Department, Guatemala[131] YaxhaNorthAcropolis.jpg
Yaxuna Yucatán, Mexico Yaxuna1.jpg
Yo'okop Quintana Roo, Mexico
Yula Yucatán, Mexico

Z[edit]

Site Location Photo
Zacpeten Petén Department, Guatemala[132]
Zaculeu Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[133] Zacuelu3A.jpg
El Zapote Petén Department, Guatemala[134]
Zapote Bobal Petén Department, Guatemala[135]
El Zotz Petén Department, Guatemala[136]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The CMHI enumeration of sites with inscriptions and/or Maya artworks, as modified and revised by Riese (2004) lists over 430 sites.
  2. ^ Witschey and Brown (2005)
  3. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.372-373.
  4. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.356-361.
  5. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.364.
  6. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.520.
  7. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.562-566.
  8. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.548-549.
  9. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.556.
  10. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.333-341.
  11. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.383-387. Martin & Grube 2000, p.55.
  12. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.550.
  13. ^ Laporte & Mejía 2005, p. 5.
  14. ^ Laporte 2005, p.202.
  15. ^ Laporte & Torres 1994, p. 131.
  16. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.195.
  17. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.592-599.
  18. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.252-253.
  19. ^ a b Mathews et al 2005, p.669.
  20. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.210.
  21. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.380.
  22. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.301.
  23. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.451-472.
  24. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.496.
  25. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.424.
  26. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.351-354. Martin & Grube 2000, p.216. Miller 1999, pp.134–35.
  27. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.4, 621-623.
  28. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.262.
  29. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.1, 302-311. Webster 2002, pp.168-9.
  30. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.609.
  31. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.536-537.
  32. ^ a b Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.421.
  33. ^ Coe 1999, p.125.
  34. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.435.
  35. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.375.
  36. ^ a b Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1713.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax CONACULTA 2007, pp.IV.3-4 (96-97).
  38. ^ Benavides C. 2005, p.16.
  39. ^ Awe et al 2005, p.223.
  40. ^ LeCount 2004, p.27.
  41. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #332.
  42. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #367.
  43. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #354.
  44. ^ Moriarty 2005, p.444.
  45. ^ Andrews 1984, 1990, p.8.
  46. ^ Pharo 2014, p. 97.
  47. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #363.
  48. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes.
  49. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #370.
  50. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #355.
  51. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1115.
  52. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1210.
  53. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #2.
  54. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #427.
  55. ^ Moriarty 2005, p.443.
  56. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #345.
  57. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #368.
  58. ^ Ichikawa et al 2009, pp.502, 505.
  59. ^ Garrido 2009, p.1011.
  60. ^ a b Esparza Olguín and Pérez Gutiérrez 2009, p. 1.
  61. ^ Moriarty 2005, p.441.
  62. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #53.
  63. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #21.
  64. ^ a b CONACULTA 2007, p.IV.5 (98).
  65. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1005.
  66. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #2126.
  67. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #364.
  68. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #361.
  69. ^ a b c d Esparza Olguín and Pérez Gutiérrez 2009, p. 15.
  70. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #177.
  71. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #232.
  72. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #129.
  73. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. Listed as Utatlan (Qumarkaaj), #1008.
  74. ^ Muñoz Cosme et al 2010, p. 378.
  75. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #140.
  76. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #192.
  77. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #715.
  78. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #17.
  79. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #136.
  80. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #18.
  81. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #7.
  82. ^ Benavides C. 2005, p.22.
  83. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #179.
  84. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #204.
  85. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1306.
  86. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #412.
  87. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #198.
  88. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #215.
  89. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #288.
  90. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #696.
  91. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1111.
  92. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #313.
  93. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #213.
  94. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #317.
  95. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #400.
  96. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #905.
  97. ^ a b Benavides C. 2005, p.23.
  98. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1220.
  99. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #199.
  100. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #202.
  101. ^ a b Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #229.
  102. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #210.
  103. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #404.
  104. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #162.
  105. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #194.
  106. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #655.
  107. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #209.
  108. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #359.
  109. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1466.
  110. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1555.
  111. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1008.
  112. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #413.
  113. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #16, 30-33.
  114. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #435.
  115. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #155.
  116. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #347.
  117. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1469.
  118. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #366.
  119. ^ Foley 2007.
  120. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #131.
  121. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #180.
  122. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #267.
  123. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #156.
  124. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #352.
  125. ^ Moriarty 2005, p.445.
  126. ^ a b Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #181.
  127. ^ Benavides C. 2005, p.25.
  128. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #423.
  129. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #411.
  130. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #322.
  131. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #159.
  132. ^ Rice and Rice 1997, p. 567.
  133. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #1420.
  134. ^ Estrada-Belli and Foley 2004, p.843.
  135. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #207.
  136. ^ Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. #314.

References[edit]

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Awe, Jaime J.; Cameron Griffith and Sherry Gibbs (2005). "Cave Stelae and Megalithic Monuments in Western Belize". In James E. Brady and Keith M. Prufer. In the Maw of the Earth Monster: Mesoamerican Ritual Cave Use. The Linda Schele series in Maya and pre-Columbian studies. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. pp. 223–248. ISBN 978-0-292-70586-9. OCLC 57691801. 
Benavides C., Antonio (2005). "Campeche Archaeology at the Turn of the Century" (PDF). Anthropological Notebooks (Slovene Anthropological Society) (11): 13–30. ISSN 1408-032X. OCLC 243599738. Retrieved 2012-01-13. 
Coe, Michael D. (1999). The Maya. Ancient peoples and places series (6th edition, fully revised and expanded ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28066-5. OCLC 59432778. 
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Esparza Olguín, Octavio Q.; and Vania E. Pérez Gutiérrez (Winter 2009). "Archaeological and Epigraphic Studies in Pol Box, Quintana Roo" (PDF). The PARI Journal (San Francisco, California, USA: Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute) IX (3): 1–16. ISSN 1531-5398. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
Estrada-Belli, Francisco; and Jennifer Foley (2004). "Arqueología e historia de enlaces geo-políticos: El Clásico Temprano en La Sufricaya" [The archaeology and history of geopolitical contacts: The Early Classic in La Sufricaya]. XVII Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2003 (edited by J.P. Laporte, B. Arroyo, H. Escobedo and H. Mejía (Guatemala City, Guatemala: Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología): 843–851. Retrieved 2012-03-03.  (Spanish)
Foley, Jennifer (2007). "Correlating Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence at La Sufricaya, Holmul, Petén". The Foundation Granting Department: Reports Submitted to FAMSI. Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI). Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
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Ichikawa, Akira; hione Shibata and Masakage Murano (2009). "El Preclásico Tardío en Chalchuapa: Resultados de las investigaciones de la Estructura 5 en el Parque Arqueológico Casa Blanca" [The Late Preclassic in Chalchuapa: Results of the excavations of Structure 5 in the Casa Blanca Archaeological Park] (PDF). XXII Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2008 (edited by J.P. Laporte, B. Arroyo and H. Mejía) (Guatemala City, Guatemala: Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología): 502–515. Retrieved 2012-03-03.  (Spanish)
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