List of Mayday episodes

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Mayday, also known as Air Crash Investigation(s) in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and Asia, Air Emergency or Air Disasters in the United States is a Canadian documentary television series produced by Cineflix that recounts air crashes, near-crashes, fires, hijackings, bombings and other mainly flight-related disasters and crises. It reveals the events that led to each crisis or disaster, their causes as determined by the official investigating body or bodies (often the American NTSB, as most aircraft involved are of American origin) and the measures they recommended to prevent a similar incident happening again. The programs use re-enactments, interviews, eyewitness testimony, computer-generated imagery, cockpit voice recordings and official reports to reconstruct sequences of events.

As of 9 May 2014, a total of 109 episodes of Mayday have aired, including five "Science of Disaster" specials and three "Crash Scene Investigation" spin-offs. Season 14 of Mayday was announced by Cineflix in September 2013 and entered production on 13 January 2014.

Season Episodes Originally aired
Season premiere Season finale
1 6 3 September 2003 (2003-09-03)[1] 22 October 2003 (2003-10-22)[1]
2 6 23 January 2005 (2005-01-23)[2] 27 February 2005 (2005-02-27)
3 13 14 September 2005 (2005-09-14)[3] 7 December 2005 (2005-12-07)[3]
4 10 15 April 2007 (2007-04-15)[4] 17 June 2007 (2007-06-17)[3]
5 10 16 April 2007 (2007-04-16)[3] 2 March 2008 (2008-03-02)[3]
6 3 9 April 2008 (2008-04-09)[3] 11 June 2008 (2008-06-11)[3]
7 8 4 November 2009 (2009-11-04)[5] 17 December 2009 (2009-12-17)
8 2 10 June 2009 (2009-06-10)[6] 17 June 2009 (2009-06-17)[6]
9 8 8 September 2010 (2010-09-08)[7] 27 October 2010 (2010-10-27)
10 6 27 February 2011 (2011-02-27) 28 March 2011 (2011-03-28)[8]
11 13 12 August 2011 (2011-08-12) 13 April 2012 (2012-04-13)
12 13 3 August 2012 (2012-08-03) 15 April 2013 (2013-04-15)
13 11 16 December 2013 (2013-12-16) 9 May 2014 (2014-05-09)
14 10 TBA TBA

Episodes

Note: Episodes are ordered in production numbers, not by their original air date

Season 1 (2003)


#
Title Incident Original air date
1 1 "Unlocking Disaster" United Airlines Flight 811 10 September 2003 (2003-09-10)

On 24 February 1989, United Airlines Flight 811 is flying above the Pacific Ocean when part of the right-side fuselage is ripped off, ejecting nine people from the aircraft and causing explosive decompression. The flight later lands safely at Honolulu without any more loss of life. An electrical short circuit caused the cargo door to open, creating the explosive decompression.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-100
2 2 "Racing the Storm" American Airlines Flight 1420 3 September 2003 (2003-09-03)

On 1 June 1999, American Airlines Flight 1420 tries to land at the Little Rock National Airport during a storm, but overruns the runway, killing eleven people. The crash was caused by the crew not arming the spoilers during their pre-landing checks.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-82
3 3 "Fire on Board" Swissair Flight 111 22 October 2003 (2003-10-22)

On 2 September 1998, a fire breaks out on Swissair Flight 111 while in-flight, damaging vital systems and causing the aircraft to crash into the sea off Peggys Cove with no survivors. The fire was caused by faulty wiring in the onboard first and business class entertainment system.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-11
4 4 "Flying Blind" Aeroperú Flight 603 17 September 2003 (2003-09-17)

On 2 October 1996, shortly after take off, the crew of Aeroperú Flight 603 is confused by false speed and altitude readings and contradictory warnings from the aircraft's air data system. In preparation for an emergency landing, the crew descend the aircraft, but unknowingly descend too far by relying on the false readings. The Boeing 757 crashes into water, killing everyone on board. The false readings and contradictory warnings were caused by duct tape over the static ports; the duct tape was used to protect the ports during maintenance, but was not removed afterwards.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 757-200
5 5 "Cutting Corners" Alaska Airlines Flight 261 15 October 2003 (2003-10-15)

On 31 January 2000, Alaska Airlines Flight 261's trimmable horizontal stabilizer jams and breaks free from its control system. The aircraft dives inverted into the Pacific Ocean, causing the death of all on board. The stabilizer failed due to an improperly maintained jack-screw assembly.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-83
6 6 "Flying on Empty" Air Transat Flight 236 8 October 2003 (2003-10-08)

On 24 August 2001, Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel while flying over the Atlantic Ocean. The pilots of the aircraft glide it to a safe landing on a runway at a naval base on an island in the Azores. The fuel starvation was caused by improper maintenance work which allowed a hydraulic oil pipe and a fuel pipe to rub together, resulting in the fracture of the fuel pipe and consequent leak.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A330-200

Season 2 (2004)


#
Title Incident Original air date
7 1 "Blow Out" British Airways Flight 5390 23 January 2005 (2005-01-23)

On 10 June 1990, on British Airways Flight 5390, the cockpit window blows out, partially ejecting the captain through the hole. A member of the cabin crew clings to his legs as the co-pilot completes an emergency landing. The captain is found to be still alive after being outside the cockpit for 21 minutes. The window blow-out was caused by a maintenance worker installing incorrectly sized bolts during maintenance work.


Type of aircraft: BAC 1-11 528FL
8 2 "A Wounded Bird" Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 30 January 2005 (2005-01-30)

On 21 August 1995, Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 is climbing to its cruising altitude when a blade on the left-side propeller comes off. The imbalance of the rotating propeller causes the engine to partly tear itself from its mounting, creating excessive drag. The aircraft rapidly loses altitude and crashes, killing nine people. Metal fatigue in the propeller blade caused its failure.


Type of aircraft: Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia
9 3 "The Killing Machine" Air France Flight 8969 6 February 2005 (2005-02-06)

On 24 December 1994, Air France Flight 8969 is hijacked on the ground at Algiers Airport. The terrorists demand the aircraft be allowed to depart for Paris so they can blow up the aircraft over the Eiffel Tower, but the Algerian Army blocks the aircraft with vehicles and refuse to allow it to take off. Unable to carry out their plans, the terrorists kill three passengers over the next two days. The aircraft is then cleared to take off, but the crew divert to Marseille Provence Airport. The hostage rescue team of the French Gendarmerie storms the aircraft, and after a gun battle in the cabin, the four hijackers are killed and everyone else is evacuated. It is described as "one of the most successful anti-terrorist operations in history."


Type of aircraft: Airbus A300B2
10 4 "Deadly Crossroads" Überlingen mid-air collision 13 February 2005 (2005-02-13)

On 1 July 2002, Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 collides with DHL Flight 611 in German airspace near Überlingen. Flight 2937 is destroyed instantly and the DHL cargo aircraft crashes shortly afterwards, killing all 71 people in the two aircraft. The crew of Flight 611 followed the on-board traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS) instructions to initiate a descent; while the crew of Flight 2937 followed the instructions of the air traffic controller instead of their TCAS and initiated a descent as well. Only one air traffic controller was on duty for that block of airspace at the time of the collision; his colleague, who was also meant to be on duty, was resting instead.


Type of aircraft: Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937: Tupolev Tu-154M, DHL Flight 611: Boeing 757-200PF
11 5 "Lost" American Airlines Flight 965 20 February 2005 (2005-02-20)

On 20 December 1995, American Airlines Flight 965 is en route to Cali, Colombia. The crew are asked if they would like to perform a straight-in approach to Cali. The pilots accept the offer, but as they are making the necessary changes, they inadvertently remove the waypoints from the flight plan in their flight management system (FMS), causing them to become unsure of their exact position. The crew's mistakes lead them to fly the aircraft into a 9,000 foot mountain near Buga. Only four passengers and a dog survive.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 757-200
12 6 "Missing Over New York" Avianca Flight 52 27 February 2005 (2005-02-27)

On 25 January 1990, Avianca Flight 52, a flight to New York from Colombia, is delayed numerous times by bad weather en route and is dangerously low on fuel as it attempts a landing. Wind shear forces the crew to abort the approach just one mile from the runway. They initiate a go-around, but are directed back into a holding pattern by air traffic controllers unaware of the low-fuel situation. The Boeing 707 then runs out of fuel, causing it to crash in Long Island near New York.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 707-320B

Season 3 (2005)

Note: This was the first season produced in High-definition, according to Cineflix


#
Title Incident Original air date
13 1 "Hanging by a Thread" Aloha Airlines Flight 243 14 September 2005

On 28 April 1988, Aloha Airlines Flight 243 is en route from Hilo to Honolulu in Hawaii when the upper half of the front fuselage is torn off, blowing out a flight attendant. The aircraft subsequently lands safely at Kahului, Maui. The fuselage failed from corrosion damage and metal fatigue.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-200
14 2 "Attack Over Baghdad" 2003 Baghdad DHL attempted shootdown incident 21 September 2005

On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300 operating on behalf of DHL is climbing away from Baghdad International Airport when the left wing explodes, causing a massive loss of hydraulic fluid which immobilises the flight control surfaces. The crew fly the aircraft by changing the engines' thrust for control; and make a safe landing sixteen minutes later. A surface-to-air missile had been launched at the aircraft.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A300F4-203
15 3 "Out of Control" Japan Airlines Flight 123 28 September 2005

On 12 August 1985, the rear pressure bulkhead bursts on a Boeing 747SR operating as Japan Airlines Flight 123, destroying the vertical stabilizer and severing all four of the aircraft's hydraulic systems. The crew manage to keep the aircraft flying for 32 minutes until it clips Mount Osutaka and crashes, killing all but 4 people out of the 524 passengers and crew aboard.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747SR
16 4 "Fight for Your Life" FedEx Flight 705 5 October 2005

On 7 April 1994, Auburn Calloway, a disgruntled employee, attempts to hijack FedEx Flight 705 armed with hammers and a speargun. Despite sustaining serious injuries, the crew successfully subdue Calloway and land the aircraft safely at an airport in Memphis, Tennessee.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30
17 5 "Bomb on Board" Philippine Airlines Flight 434 12 October 2005

On 11 December 1994, a bomb explodes on Philippine Airlines Flight 434 on the second leg of a service from Manila to Tokyo via Cebu City; killing a passenger, injuring many and damaging some of the aircraft's control systems. The crew successfully land the aircraft at Naha Airport in Okinawa. Ramzi Yousef, a terrorist, smuggled the bomb aboard the aircraft on the first leg of its flight.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200B
18 6 "Mistaken Identity" Iran Air Flight 655 19 October 2005

On 3 July 1988, during the Iran–Iraq War, the USS Vincennes launches missiles which bring down Iran Air Flight 655, killing all 290 people on board. The crew of the Vincennes claimed that, despite its high-tech equipment, it mistook the airliner for an Iranian Air Force Grumman F-14 Tomcat fighter. Iran believes that the US deliberately shot down its civilian airliner.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A300B2-200
19 7 "Helicopter Down" Bristow Flight 56C 26 October 2005

On 19 January 1995, the crew of Bristow Flight 56C is forced to perform an emergency autorotation to a ditching in the sea after lightning damages the tail rotor of their helicopter. Despite the rough sea conditions, the sixteen oil rig workers and pilots are rescued by nearby ships.


Type of aircraft: Aérospatiale AS 332L Super Puma
20 8 "Death and Denial" EgyptAir Flight 990 2 November 2005

On 31 October 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990 from New York to Cairo, Egypt, dives out of the sky and crashes into the ocean, killing 217 people. The cause of the crash is disputed: the Egyptian government claims mechanical failure associated with the elevator controls caused the crash, while the US government claims the aircraft was deliberately crashed by the Relief First Officer Gameel Al-Batouti in a suicide/homicide.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 767-300ER
21 9 "Runaway Train" San Bernardino train disaster 30 November 2005 (2005-11-30)

On 12 May 1989, a 69-car freight train goes out of control while descending from California's Cajon Pass. It derails in a residential neighborhood of San Bernardino after reaching speeds in excess of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h). Two residents and two train crew are killed in the initial crash. More than a week later, an underground gasoline pipeline—damaged by earth-moving equipment during the post-crash cleanup—ruptures and sparks a fire that kills another two people. A clerical error had caused the train's weight to be greatly underestimated, and it had been assembled without enough locomotives to provide adequate braking. Additionally, several of the engines had completely inoperable brakes, but this information was not passed on to the crews.

Note: This is a Crash Scene Investigation episode


Type of train: Sixty-nine freight cars pulled by six locomotives (freight train)
22 10 "Kid in the Cockpit" Aeroflot Flight 593 9 November 2005

On 23 March 1994, Aeroflot Flight 593 is en route to Hong Kong when it stalls and crashes, killing 75 people. The pilot's 15-year-old son accidentally disabled the autopilot while in the captain's seat, causing the aircraft to bank heavily to the right and creating the stall.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A310-300
23 11 "Collision Course" The MS Express Samina sinking 23 November 2005 (2005-11-23)

On 26 September 2000, waves push the MS Express Samina off course, causing it to hit a group of rocks off Paros and sink, killing 80 people. The ferry was on autopilot with the crew not monitoring the ship's course. Instead, they were watching an association football match.

Note: This is a Crash Scene Investigation episode


Type of ship: Passenger ferry (MS Express Samina)
24 12 "Head On Collision" Hinton train collision 16 November 2005 (2005-11-16)

On 8 February 1986, a Via Rail passenger train and a 118-car Canadian National Railway freight train collide, killing 23 people. The freight train crew did not stop at a red railway signal on a section of a passing loop, possibly because they were asleep.

Note: This is a Crash Scene Investigation episode


Type of train: Via Rail passenger train (FP9A and F9B locomotives); 118-car freight train (one EMD GP38-2 and two EMD SD40 locomotives)
25 13 "Ocean Landing" Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 7 December 2005 (2005-12-07)

On 23 November 1996, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is forced to ditch after running out of fuel. The aircraft breaks up as the wings hit the water, killing 125 people. The aircraft had been hijacked and ran out of fuel because the hijackers did not believe the pilot's insistence that there was not enough fuel aboard to make it to the hijackers' planned destination, Australia.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 767-200ER

Season 4 (2006)


#
Title Incident(s) Original air date
26 1 "Desperate Escape" Air France Flight 358 15 April 2007 (2007-04-15)

On 2 August 2005, Air France Flight 358 overruns the runway while attempting to land in a storm. The Airbus A340 travels through the airport perimeter fence into a small ravine and catches fire. The causes of the crash were the aircraft deviating above the required approach path for its landing and touching down too far along the runway; and the crew deploying the thrust reversers too slowly. All 309 passengers and crew survived.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A340-300
27 2 "Falling from the Sky" British Airways Flight 9 22 April 2007 (2007-04-22)

On 24 June 1982, British Airways Flight 9 experiences St. Elmo's fire en route from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Perth, Australia. A few minutes later, all four engines flame out. After descending, the crew successfully restart the engines and land safely. The St. Elmo's fire and engine flame outs were caused by volcanic ash spewed by Galunggung in Indonesia during a major eruption.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200B
28 3 "Fire Fight" Air Canada Flight 797 29 April 2007 (2007-04-29)

On 2 June 1983, a fire breaks out on Air Canada Flight 797 in the aircraft's toilet. An emergency landing is made in Cincinnati, but the aircraft is engulfed by flames on the runway, killing 23 people. The opening of the aircraft's doors after the landing caused a flashover.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
29 4 "Final Approach" Korean Air Flight 801 6 May 2007 (2007-05-06)

On 6 August 1997, the crew of Korean Air Flight 801 is unable to see the runway during final approach for a night landing in Guam. They initiate a missed approach, but then the aircraft flies into a low hill, killing 228 people. A combination of pilot error and the instrument landing system at Guam airport being temporarily out of service for maintenance work were blamed.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-300
30 5 "Hidden Danger" United Airlines Flight 585, USAir Flight 427 and Eastwind Airlines Flight 517 13 May 2007 (2007-05-13)

On 3 March 1991, a Boeing 737 operating United Airlines Flight 585 is on approach to land when it suddenly rolls into a dive and crashes within eight seconds, killing 25 people. On 8 September 1994, USAir Flight 427 is another Boeing 737 on approach to land when it rolls and crashes within thirty seconds, killing 132 people. On 9 June 1996, Eastwind Airlines Flight 517 is another Boeing 737 that unexpectedly rolls in similar circumstances, but the crew successfully regain control of the aircraft and land safely. The cause of all three incidents was the rudder experiencing a "hardover" (suddenly going to full deflection) and jamming due to thermal shock of the hydraulic control valve.


Type of aircraft: Flight 585: Boeing 737-200; Flight 427: Boeing 737-300; Flight 517: Boeing 737-200
31 6 "Panic over the Pacific" China Airlines Flight 006 20 May 2007 (2007-05-20)

On 19 February 1985, China Airlines Flight 006's number four (right-side outer) engine flames out. As the crew try to restart the engine, the Boeing 747SP stalls and enters into a spin. The crew successfully regain control, restart the engine and land safely at San Francisco International Airport. The incident was caused by pilot error.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747SP
32 7 "Out of Sight" 1986 Cerritos mid-air collision 27 May 2007 (2007-05-27)

On 31 August 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, and a light aircraft collide over Cerritos, California, causing both to go out of control and crash, killing 82 people. The accident was caused by neither pilot making visual contact with the other aircraft; and a lack of automated collision-warning systems. The crash inspires the creation of the traffic collision avoidance system.


Type of aircraft: Aeroméxico Flight 498: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32; light aircraft: Piper PA-28-181 Archer
33 8 "Fog of War" 1996 Croatia USAF CT-43 crash 3 June 2007 (2007-06-03)

On 3 April 1996, while attempting to land at Dubrovnik Airport in Croatia during a heavy fog, a United States Air Force Boeing CT-43 strays off course and flies into a mountain. All 35 people on board are killed, including the United States Secretary of Commerce, Ron Brown. The non-precision approach procedure the crew needed to follow required the use of two automatic direction finders, but the aircraft was only fitted with one.


Type of aircraft: Boeing CT-43
34 9 "Vertigo" Flash Airlines Flight 604 10 June 2007 (2007-06-10)

On 3 January 2004, Flash Airlines Flight 604 banks to the right just after take-off and crashes into the Red Sea, killing 148 people. The cause of this disaster is disputed and suggested to be spatial disorientation on the part of the flight crew.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-300
35 10 "Ghost Plane" Helios Airways Flight 522 17 June 2007 (2007-06-17)

On 14 August 2005, air traffic controllers lose radio contact with Helios Airways Flight 522. Two fighters from the Hellenic Air Force intercept and investigate the flight and find all but one person on board not moving. A few moments later, the aircraft runs out of fuel and crashes, killing 121 people. An incorrect setting on the cabin pressurization panel caused the pilots and everyone else on board to succumb to hypoxia.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-300

Season 5 (2008)


#
Title Incident(s) Original air date
36 1 "Invisible Killer" Delta Air Lines Flight 191 7 May 2008 (2008-05-07)

On 2 August 1985, Delta Airlines Flight 191 crash lands while on approach to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, killing eight of 11 crew members and 128 of the 152 passengers on board; plus one person on the ground. This accident was one of the few commercial air crashes in which the meteorological phenomenon known as microburst-induced wind shear was a direct contributing factor.


Type of aircraft: Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar
37 2 "Gimli Glider" Gimli Glider 14 May 2008 (2008-05-14)

On 23 July 1983, Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel at 41,000 feet (12,500m) altitude, about halfway through its flight from Montreal to Edmonton. The crew is able to glide the aircraft safely to an emergency landing at Gimli Industrial Park Airport, a former airbase at Gimli, Manitoba. An unserviceable fuel gauge and an error in converting between metric and non-metric units caused the aircraft to be loaded with insufficient fuel prior to flight.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 767-200
38 3 "Behind Closed Doors" American Airlines Flight 96 and Turkish Airlines Flight 981 16 April 2008 (2008-04-16)[9]

On 12 June 1972, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 just a few months old, operating as American Airlines Flight 96 from Detroit, Michigan to Buffalo, New York, suffers an explosive decompression after a cargo door in the lower rear fuselage bursts open. The crew make an emergency landing at Detroit, Michigan without any loss of life. Two years later, on 3 March 1974, Turkish Airlines Flight 981 suffers a similar sequence of events during a flight from Paris to London. This time, the DC-10's hydraulic systems are damaged enough that the crew lose control; and the aircraft crashes in a forest near Senlis outside Paris, killing all 346 on board. At the time, it was the worst aviation disaster in history. A design fault with the cargo door mechanism was not rectified after the first accident and the second DC-10's door opened in flight, causing the crash.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 (both aircraft)
39 4 "Fanning the Flames" South African Airways Flight 295 21 May 2008 (2008-05-21)

On 28 November 1987, South African Airways Flight 295 starts filling with smoke high above the Indian Ocean after a fire breaks out in the rear main deck cargo area of the Boeing 747 combined passenger/cargo aircraft (Combi); it crashes with no survivors. The exact cause of the crash is still unknown.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200 Combi
40 5 "Dead Weight" Air Midwest Flight 5481 30 April 2008 (2008-04-30)[9]

On 8 January 2003, Air Midwest Flight 5481 crashes into an aircraft hangar at Charlotte/Douglas International Airport seconds after take-off on a flight to Greenville. All 21 people on board die and one person on the ground is injured. Investigation showed that the pilots' controls had been improperly adjusted during maintenance, and that the aircraft was overloaded due to outdated formulae for calculation of passenger weights.


Type of aircraft: Beechcraft 1900D
41 6 "Southern Storm" Southern Airways Flight 242 23 April 2008 (2008-04-23)[9]

On 4 April 1977, Southern Airways Flight 242 is a flight from Huntsville, Alabama to Atlanta, Georgia. It flies through a severe thunderstorm and is hit by large hailstones. Both engines of the DC-9-31 fail and the aircraft makes an emergency landing on a highway in New Hope, Paulding County, Georgia. However, it collides with a gas station and explodes, killing 62 people on board and eight on the ground; two more die later of injuries sustained during the crash.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
42 7 "Air India: Explosive Evidence" Air India Flight 182 9 April 2008 (2008-04-09)[9]

On 23 June 1985, Air India Flight 182 explodes in mid-air and disintegrates over the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 passengers and crew. Investigators discovered that a bomb from Sikh militant group Babbar Khalsa caused the explosion.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200B
43 8 "Mixed Signals" Birgenair Flight 301 4 June 2008 (2008-06-04)

On 6 February 1996, Birgenair Flight 301 is scheduled to fly from Puerto Plata to Frankfurt. On takeoff, the captain finds that his airspeed indicator (ASI) is not reading properly, though the co-pilot's ASI is showing the correct speed; the aircraft subsequently crashes in the Atlantic Ocean. The pilots became confused and believed that both ASIs were malfunctioning, leading to loss of control of the aircraft; all 13 crew members and 176 passengers died. The cause of the disaster was believed to be a wasp that built a nest in one of the aircraft's pitot tubes, which was incorrectly left uncovered during the aircraft's extended stay at Puerto Plata airport.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 757-200
44 9 "Fatal Distraction" Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 28 May 2008 (2008-05-28)

On 29 December 1972, Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 is on a flight to Miami International Airport. While making preparations to land, the crew is distracted by a faulty landing gear indicator light and accidentally disengage the autopilot while trying to resolve the problem. The aircraft descends until it crashes into the Everglades. Flying at night, the crew failed to notice their descent until only seconds before hitting the ground; 101 people died, while 75 survived.


Type of aircraft: Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar
45 10 "Phantom Strike" Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 11 June 2008 (2008-06-11)

On 29 September 2006, Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 and a brand-new Embraer Legacy business jet (registered N600XL) on its delivery flight collide in mid-air over the Amazon rainforest. The Boeing 737 commercial flight crashes into the Amazon, but the Legacy manages to make a safe landing at an air base. All 154 people on the Gol jet die. Air traffic controllers had cleared both aircraft to fly at the same altitude in opposite directions; and the transponder of the Legacy had either failed or had been switched off, making both aircrafts’ traffic collision avoidance systems useless in preventing the collision.


Type of aircraft: Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907: Boeing 737-800; N600XL: Embraer Legacy 600

Season 6 (2007) Special

Season 6 of Mayday was the first Science of Disaster season, consisting of three episodes.


#
Title Incidents Original air date
46 1 "Ripped Apart" BOAC Flight 781
South African Airways Flight 201
Aloha Airlines Flight 243
British Airways Flight 5390
United Airlines Flight 811
Helios Airways Flight 522
16 December 2007 (2007-12-16)

This special looked at accidents and incidents where pressurization failure or explosive decompression played a part


Types of aircraft: Flights 781 and 201: de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1; Flight 243: Boeing 737-200; Flight 5390: BAC 1-11 528FL; Flight 811: Boeing 747-100; Flight 522: Boeing 737-300
47 2 "Fatal Flaw" Alaska Airlines Flight 261
Japan Airlines Flight 123
Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529
Swissair Flight 111
United Airlines Flight 585
USAir Flight 427
Eastwind Airlines Flight 517
16 December 2007 (2007-12-16)

This special looked at accidents caused by seemingly minor defects or errors


Types of aircraft: Flight 261: McDonnell Douglas MD-83; Flight 123: Boeing 747SR; Flight 529: Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia; Flight 111: McDonnell Douglas MD-11; Flight 585: Boeing 737-200; Flight 427: Boeing 737-300; Flight 517: Boeing 737-200
48 3 "Who's Flying the Plane?" Aeroperú Flight 603
China Airlines Flight 006
Aeroflot Flight 593
Flash Airlines Flight 604
Air Transat Flight 236
2 March 2008 (2008-03-02)

This special looked at accidents and incidents where problems with the interface between crew members and onboard avionics were a factor; and the causes of those problems


Types of aircraft: Flight 603: Boeing 757-200; Flight 006: Boeing 747SP; Flight 593: Airbus A310-300; Flight 604: Boeing 737-300; Flight 236: Airbus A330-200

Season 7 (2008)


#
Title Incident Original air date
49 1 "Scratching the Surface" China Airlines Flight 611 18 November 2009 (2009-11-18)

On 25 May 2002, China Airlines Flight 611 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes into the Taiwan Strait just 20 minutes after taking off from Taipei, killing 225 people. A faulty repair to the lower rear skin of the aircraft more than 20 years earlier following a tailstrike had caused the entire tail section to weaken and fail.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200B
50 2 "Lockerbie Disaster" Pan Am Flight 103 17 December 2009 (2009-12-17)

On 21 December 1988, Pan Am Flight 103 explodes in mid-air and the wreckage of the 747 falls on and around the Scottish town of Lockerbie, killing 270 people on board and on the ground. A terrorist bomb had caused the in-flight breakup.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-100
51 3 "Blown Apart" Partnair Flight 394 11 November 2009 (2009-11-11)

On 8 September 1989, Partnair Flight 394 dives into the North Sea, killing 55 people. The investigation showed that the vertical stabilizer of the aircraft had vibrated loose in flight due to sub-standard connecting bolts that had been fraudulently sold as aircraft-grade.


Type of aircraft: Convair 580
52 4 "Sight Unseen" Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision 11 November 2009

On 12 November 1996, Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in mid-air near New Delhi, India, killing 349 people. Failure of the Kazakhstan Airlines crew to maintain the altitude assigned by air traffic control was the cause of the crash.


Type of aircraft: Saudia Flight 763: Boeing 747-100B; Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907: Ilyushin Il-76
53 5 "Operation Babylift" 1975 Tan Son Nhut C-5 accident 4 November 2009 (2009-11-04)

On 4 April 1975, a United States Air Force transport aircraft conducting the inaugural flight of Operation Babylift suffers explosive decompression when the rear cargo door fails; and crashes into a paddy field while attempting an emergency landing at Tan Son Nhut air base in South Vietnam. The investigation found that parts had been removed from the rear cargo doors and improperly replaced.


Type of aircraft: Lockheed C-5A Galaxy
54 6 "Falling Fast" Tuninter Flight 1153 9 December 2009 (2009-12-09)

On 6 August 2005, Tuninter Flight 1153 runs out of fuel and ditches into the Mediterranean Sea, killing 16 people. It ran out of fuel because a fuel gauge for a different type of aircraft had been installed, misleading the crew about how much fuel was on board.


Type of aircraft: ATR 72-200
55 7 "Flight 574: Lost" Adam Air Flight 574 16 December 2009

On 1 January 2007, Adam Air Flight 574 crashes into the Makassar Strait, killing 102 people. The crew inadvertently disengaged the autopilot while trying to fix a problem with the aircraft's inertial reference system, causing it to roll into an uncontrolled dive and break up in flight.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-400
56 8 "Frozen in Flight" American Eagle Flight 4184 16 December 2009 (2009-12-16)

On 31 October 1994, American Eagle Flight 4184 falls out of the sky, killing 68 people. The crash was caused by ice developing on the wing in a manner that the onboard de-icing system could not remove.


Type of aircraft: ATR 72-200

Season 8 (2009) Special

Season 8 of Mayday is the second Science of Disaster season, consisting of two episodes.


#
Title Incidents Original air date
57 1 "System Breakdown" 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision
1986 Cerritos mid-air collision
Avianca Flight 52
Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907
Überlingen mid-air collision
10 June 2009 (2009-06-10)

This special looked at the role of air traffic controllers in the airline industry and examines the Next Generation Air Transportation System, a new technology meant to eliminate mid-air collisions by reducing overall dependence on radar and radio, as well as delegating some of the air traffic controllers' tasks to computers on board each aircraft.


Types of aircraft: Grand Canyon collision: Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation and Douglas DC-7; Cerritos collision: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 and Piper PA-28-181 Archer; Flight 52: Boeing 707-320B; Gol Transportes Aéreos collision: Boeing 737-800 and Embraer Legacy 600; Überlingen collision: Tupolev Tu-154M and Boeing 757-200PF
58 2 "Cruel Skies" Southern Airways Flight 242
Delta Air Lines Flight 191
American Airlines Flight 1420
British Airways Flight 9
17 June 2009 (2009-06-17)

This special looked at the role of bad weather in disasters and examines the US Aviation Weather Centre in Kansas City, Missouri to see how information on weather is transmitted to pilots in the sky.


Types of aircraft: Flight 242: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32; Flight 191: Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar; Flight 1420: McDonnell Douglas MD-82; Flight 9: Boeing 747-200B

Season 9 (2009)


#
Title Incident(s) Original air date
59 1 "Panic on the Runway" British Airtours Flight 28M 1 March 2010 (2010-03-01)

On 22 August 1985, an engine of British Airtours Flight 28M fails during takeoff, puncturing a hole in the wing fuel tank and starting a fire. The crew successfully abandon the takeoff and stop the aircraft on the runway, but the fire spreads to the cabin; 55 people die before they can evacuate, mainly due to inhaling toxic smoke. The investigation found that fatigue of a part in the engine caused it to fail.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-200
60 2 "Alarming Silence" Northwest Airlines Flight 255 15 March 2010 (2010-03-15)

On 16 August 1987, Northwest Airlines Flight 255 stalls as it lifts off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport and crashes just beyond the runway, killing 154 of the 155 people on board; two people on the ground are also killed. The investigation showed that the pilots failed to configure the aircraft's flaps and slats for takeoff.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-82
61 3 "Pilot vs. Plane" Air France Flight 296 8 March 2010 (2010-03-08)

On 26 June 1988, Air France Flight 296 fails to climb and crashes into trees after performing a flyby during an airshow at Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport, killing three people. The cause of this crash remains in dispute.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A320-100
62 4 "Cleared for Disaster" USAir Flight 1493 22 March 2010 (2010-03-22)

On 1 February 1991, USAir Flight 1493 collides with a waiting SkyWest Airlines aircraft on the runway, killing 34 people. An air traffic controller mistakenly assigned the inbound Flight 1493 to land on a runway where SkyWest Flight 5569 was waiting to take off.


Type of aircraft: Flight 1493: Boeing 737-300; Flight 5569: Fairchild Metro III
63 5 "Target is Destroyed" Korean Air Lines Flight 007 29 March 2010 (2010-03-29)

In the early hours of 1 September 1983, during the Cold War, Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down after violating Soviet Union airspace. The crew did not select the autopilot to the correct mode following take off, which caused the aircraft to deviate from its assigned flight path.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200B
64 6 "Cold Case" Air Ontario Flight 1363 and USAir Flight 405 12 April 2010 (2010-04-12)

On 10 March 1989, Air Ontario Flight 1363 crashes just after take off, killing 24 people. Three years later, on 22 March 1992, USAir Flight 405 also crashes just after take off in similar conditions to Flight 1363. The cause of the crashes was ice on the wings, which significantly reduced lift.


Type of aircraft: Flight 1363: Fokker F28-1000; Flight 405: Fokker F28-4000
65 7 "The Final Blow" Air Inter Flight 148 5 April 2010 (2010-04-05)

On 20 January 1992, Air Inter Flight 148 flies into a peak in the Vosges Mountains while circling to land at Strasbourg Airport, killing 87 people. An error made in programing the aircraft's autopilot, combined with a sudden wind change, caused it to descend more rapidly than expected.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A320-100
66 8 "Cracks in the System" Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101 19 April 2010 (2010-04-19)

On 19 December 2005, just seconds after take off from Miami, Florida, the right wing of Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101 breaks off and the aircraft crashes into the sea, killing 20 people. The cause was found to be metal fatigue and poor maintenance.


Type of aircraft: Grumman G-73T Turbine Mallard

Season 10 (2010)


#
Title Incident Original air date
67 1 "Cockpit Failure" Crossair Flight 3597 12 March 2011 (2011-03-12)

On 24 November 2001, Crossair Flight 3597 crashes into a hill during final approach to Zurich, killing 24 of the 33 passengers and crew on board. The cause of the crash was the pilot descending the aircraft below the minimum safe altitude for the approach.[10]


Type of aircraft: British Aerospace 146
68 2 "The Heathrow Enigma" British Airways Flight 38 7 March 2011 (2011-03-07)

On 17 January 2008, British Airways Flight 38 is on its final approach to land, when the autothrottles command increased thrust from the engines. The engines do not respond to the control inputs and remain at idle. The captain raises one notch of flaps, to give the aircraft a few more feet of flying distance; it crash-lands just short of the runway without causing any fatalities. The fuel flow to both engines was restricted because of ice crystals causing a blockage in the fuel-oil heat exchangers.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 777-200ER
69 3 "Pilot Betrayed" Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751 28 March 2011 (2011-03-28)

On 27 December 1991, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751 crash-lands without loss of life in Gottröra moments after taking off; after both of the engines fail. Clear ice from the tops of the wings had been sucked into both engines, causing internal damage. An automatic system (of which the pilots were unaware) to increase the engines' thrust contributed to their failure.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-81
70 4 "Dead Tired" Colgan Air Flight 3407 21 March 2011 (2011-03-21)

On 12 February 2009, Colgan Air Flight 3407 stalls at low altitude and dives into a residential area near Buffalo, New York; all on board and one person on the ground are killed. Several critical errors made by the flight crew might have been the result of their fatigue.


Type of aircraft: Bombardier Q400
71 5 "Hudson River Runway" US Airways Flight 1549 14 March 2011 (2011-03-14)

On 15 January 2009, US Airways Flight 1549 suffers a bird strike with a flock of Canada geese approximately 1.5 minutes after taking off from LaGuardia Airport in New York. Both engines fail and less than two minutes later, the crew successfully ditch the aircraft in the Hudson River.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A320-200
72 6 "Who's In Control?" Turkish Airlines Flight 1951 28 February 2011 (2011-02-28)

On 25 February 2009, Turkish Airlines Flight 1951 is on approach to land at Schiphol in Amsterdam when it stalls and crashes 1.5 kilometers from the runway. Nine people, including the three cockpit crew, are killed. A faulty radar altimeter caused the aircraft's flight control computer to automatically reduce engine thrust prematurely and the flight crew failed to notice the resulting drop in airspeed until it was too late.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-800

Season 11 (2011)


#
Title Incident Original air date
73 1 "Deadly Reputation" TAM Airlines Flight 3054 12 August 2011 (2011-08-12)

On 17 July 2007, TAM Airlines Flight 3054 careens off runway 35L at Brazil's Congonhas Airport, crashes at high speed into a warehouse adjacent to a filling station and explodes. A total of 199 people on board the aircraft and on the ground are killed. Incorrect engine throttle settings upon landing caused one engine to reverse thrust while the other increased power, resulting in the loss of control.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A320-200
74 2 "The Plane That Flew Too High" West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 19 August 2011 (2011-08-19)

On 16 August 2005, West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 stalls while cruising and crashes in rural Venezuela during a severe thunderstorm. Investigations revealed there were no faults with the engines; pilot error led to the stall which was misinterpreted by the crew, who took no recovery action until it was too late.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas MD-82
75 3 "Split Decision" Arrow Air Flight 1285 26 August 2011 (2011-08-26)

On 12 December 1985, Arrow Air Flight 1285, carrying troops of the US Army's 101st Airborne Division, stalls and crashes just seconds after taking off from Gander International Airport in Canada, killing all 256 people on board. The cause of the crash remains disputed.


Type of aircraft: Douglas DC-8-63CF
76 4 "Breakup Over Texas" Continental Express Flight 2574 29 December 2011 (2011-12-29)

On 11 September 1991, Continental Express Flight 2574 is nearing the end of its intra-state flight from Laredo, Texas to Houston. As the pilots are preparing to land, the aircraft tips into a dive and falls out of the sky as the left wing tears apart; all 14 people on board die. Improper maintenance caused a section of the horizontal stabilizer to break loose in flight, after which the pilots had no control.


Type of aircraft: Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia
77 5 "Munich Air Disaster" The Munich air disaster 29 December 2011 (2011-12-29)

On 6 February 1958, British European Airways Flight 609, carrying members of the famed Manchester United association football team, club officials and journalists, crashes into a house about 300 meters from the end of the runway in Munich after it fails to become airborne, killing 23 of the 44 people on board. The cause of the crash was slush on the runway, which slowed the aircraft down and prevented it from reaching takeoff speed.


Type of aircraft: Airspeed Ambassador
78 6 "Turning Point" Northwest Airlines Flight 85 29 December 2011 (2011-12-29)

On 9 October 2002, Northwest Airlines Flight 85 is cruising above the Bering Sea when the lower rudder segment suddenly deflects to the left. The pilots divert the aircraft to a successful emergency landing at Anchorage, Alaska by using engine thrust for control. The cause was attributed to a fatigue failure of the rudder hydraulic control module, resulting in part of the module's metal casing breaking off.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-400
79 7 "Bad Attitude" Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509 20 January 2012 (2012-01-20)

On 22 December 1999, Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509, en route from London Stansted Airport to Milan, Italy, crashes into a field about 55 seconds after taking off, killing all four crew members on board. The causes of the crash were the captain following the indications of a malfunctioning attitude indicator and lack of communication amongst the crew.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-200F
80 8 "Blind Spot" PSA Flight 182 27 January 2012 (2012-01-27)

On 25 September 1978, Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Flight 182 collides with a light aircraft while approaching Lindbergh Field and crashes in a residential area in San Diego. All 137 people on both aircraft die, as well as seven on the ground.


Type of aircraft: Flight 182: Boeing 727-200; light aircraft: Cessna 172
81 9 "Under Pressure" Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 3 February 2012 (2012-02-03)

On 11 July 1991, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 is taking off from Jeddah's King Abdulaziz International Airport with 247 Nigerian Hajj pilgrims and 14 crew on board. A tire bursts during the takeoff, starting a fire on the landing gear. The crew are unaware of the fire and retract the gear after take off; and the fire spreads. Encountering problems, the crew then try to return the aircraft to the airport, but it breaks up in flight and crashes about three kilometers from the runway.


Type of aircraft: Douglas DC-8-61
82 10 "I'm The Problem" Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 10 February 2012 (2012-02-10)

On 7 December 1987, Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771, on a flight to San Francisco, crashes at the speed of sound on a mountainside in rural San Luis Obispo County, California; all 43 people on board are killed. Investigators found that passenger David Burke, a former USAir employee, took a gun on board the aircraft and shot the pilots in a murder-suicide plot to kill his former supervisor (who was also a passenger on board) after being fired from his job days earlier. USAir was in the process of merging with PSA at the time of the crash.


Type of aircraft: British Aerospace 146
83 11 "Nowhere to Land" TACA Flight 110 9 March 2012 (2012-03-09)

On 24 May 1988, TACA Airlines Flight 110, a near-new Boeing 737, flies through a thunderstorm and suffers a dual engine flameout. The captain, Carlos Dardano, manages to make a successful deadstick landing on a narrow grass levee in the Michoud area of eastern New Orleans.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-300
84 12 "The Invisible Plane" The Linate Airport disaster 23 March 2012 (2012-03-23)

On 8 October 2001, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 686, carrying 110 people bound for Copenhagen, Denmark, is taking off at Milan's Linate Airport in thick fog. On the runway, it collides with an Air Evex business jet carrying four people bound for Paris, France. The airliner suffers major damage and crashes into a building shortly afterwards; all 114 people on board the two aircraft are killed, along with four on the ground. The crew of the business jet had made a wrong turn while taxiing in the fog and inadvertently taxied onto the runway.


Type of aircraft: Flight 686: McDonnell Douglas MD-87; business jet: Cessna Citation CJ2
85 13 "Impossible Landing" United Airlines Flight 232 13 April 2012 (2012-04-13)

On 19 July 1989, the tail-mounted No. 2 engine of United Airlines Flight 232 explodes, causing serious damage to the aircraft's hydraulic systems and leaving the flight controls unusable. By varying engine thrust, the pilots manage to crash-land the aircraft at Sioux City, Iowa, saving the lives of 185 of the 296 people on board. The investigation traced the engine failure to a fatigue crack in the front fan disk, which had developed from a defect introduced before the disk was even made, when the original titanium ingot used to make it was formed.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10

Season 12 (2012)


#
Title Incident Original air date
86 1 "Fight for Control" Reeve Aleutian Airways Flight 8 3 August 2012 (2012-08-03)

On 8 June 1983, Reeve Aleutian Airways Flight 8's propeller separates from the aircraft over Cold Bay, Alaska, causing an explosive decompression and loss of control. The pilots manage to land the aircraft safely at Anchorage, Alaska. Since the propeller fell into the sea, the cause of the separation is undetermined.


Type of aircraft: Lockheed L-188 Electra
87 2 "Fire in the Hold" ValuJet Flight 592 10 August 2012 (2012-08-10)

On 11 May 1996, ten minutes after take-off, ValuJet Flight 592 crashes into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 persons on board. The cause was an in-flight fire which was started by the accidental triggering of a chemical oxygen generator improperly shipped as cargo.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
88 3 "Caution to the Wind" Singapore Airlines Flight 006 17 August 2012 (2012-08-17)

On 31 October 2000, Singapore Airlines Flight 006 collides with construction equipment at Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei while attempting to take off on the wrong runway in a typhoon; 83 of the 179 passengers and crew perish. Investigators concluded that pilot error was the cause of the crash.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 747-400
89 4 "Pushed to the Limit" SilkAir Flight 185 24 August 2012 (2012-08-24)

On 19 December 1997, SilkAir Flight 185, en route to Singapore, crashes into the Musi River in Indonesia after abruptly diving from its cruise altitude, killing all 104 passengers and crew on board. The cause of the crash was disputed; a US investigation concluded that it was an act of murder–suicide by the captain, while the Indonesian investigators were undetermined and the Los Angeles Court concluded that it was a servo valve failure.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-300
90 5 "Blind Landing" TANS Perú Flight 204 31 August 2012 (2012-08-31)

On 23 August 2005, TANS Perú Flight 204 attempts to make a landing at Pucallpa Airport, Peru in a severe thunderstorm, but crashes into a muddy swamp 4 miles (6.4 km) away. The cause was the pilots not following visual flight rules that could have prevented the crash while the aircraft was being pushed by a downdraft.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-200Adv.
91 6 "Grand Canyon Disaster" 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision 24 January 2013 (2013-01-24)

On 30 June 1956, United Airlines Flight 718 collides with Trans World Airlines Flight 2 over the Grand Canyon in Arizona. All 128 occupants on both flights are killed. At the time, it was the deadliest airline crash in history, and would lead to sweeping changes in the regulation of flight operations over the United States.

Note: This accident was previously featured in Season 8 Episode 1, "System Breakdown" as a special


Type of aircraft: Flight 718: Douglas DC-7; Flight 2: Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation
92 7 "Catastrophe at O'Hare" American Airlines Flight 191 25 February 2013 (2013-02-25)

On 25 May 1979, the left engine of American Airlines Flight 191 falls off moments after take-off at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport. The aircraft crashes into an open field shortly thereafter, killing all 271 people on board as well as two others on the ground. The engine fell off because the pylon attaching it to the wing had suffered damage caused by improper maintenance procedures.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10
93 8 "Focused on Failure" United Airlines Flight 173 11 March 2013 (2013-03-11)

On 28 December 1978, the crew of United Airlines Flight 173 is preoccupied with a landing gear problem as the aircraft circles in a holding pattern in the vicinity of Portland, Oregon. It runs out of fuel and crashes in a sparsely populated area, killing 10 and seriously injuring 24 of the 189 on board. According to the NTSB, the flight crew failed to check the aircraft's fuel state, causing it to crash.


Type of aircraft: Douglas DC-8-61
94 9 "Lokomotiv Hockey Team Disaster" 2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster 4 March 2013 (2013-03-04)

On 7 September 2011, an aircraft carrying the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl professional ice hockey team crashes shortly after take-off at Yaroslavl, Russia, resulting in the deaths of all but one of the 45 occupants. The investigation found that the pilots were not properly trained on the aircraft type and mishandled the aircraft during the takeoff.


Type of aircraft: Yakovlev Yak-42D
95 10 "Death of the President" 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash 27 January 2013 (2013-01-27)

On 10 April 2010, a Polish Air Force VIP aircraft carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński, his wife Maria Kaczyńska and other top officials, crashes short of the runway in a wooded area while on final approach to Smolensk North Airport in heavy fog and low visibility; all 96 passengers and crew on board are killed.


Type of aircraft: Tupolev Tu-154M
96 11 "Heading to Disaster" Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 25 March 2013

On 25 January 2010, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409, en route to Addis Ababa, plunges into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after takeoff from Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport during a thunderstorm, killing all 90 people on board.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-800
97 12 "28 Seconds to Survive" Santa Bárbara Airlines Flight 518 1 April 2013

On 21 February 2008, Santa Bárbara Airlines Flight 518, en route from Mérida to Caracas, Venezuela, veers off course and flies into the side of a mountain shortly after takeoff; all 46 passengers and crew on board die. Investigators determined that the aircraft took off with inoperative navigation equipment due to the pilots' failure to do their pre-flight checklist.


Type of aircraft: ATR 42-300
98 13 "Air France 447: Vanished" Air France Flight 447 15 April 2013

On 1 June 2009, Air France Flight 447, a scheduled flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris, stalls and crashes into the Atlantic Ocean while flying through a thunderstorm, killing all 216 passengers and 12 crew on board. The causes of the crash were incorrect airspeed readings due to ice blockage of the aircraft's pitot tubes, inappropriate control inputs and the pilots not taking recovery action until it was too late.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A330-200

Season 13 (2013)


#
Title Incident Original air date
99 1 "Fight To The Death" British European Airways Flight 548 16 December 2013

On 18 June 1972, British European Airways Flight 548 stalls and crashes in a field near Staines-upon-Thames shortly after take-off from London Heathrow Airport, killing all 118 people on board. The crash was attributed to the pilot retracting the aircraft's droops at too low an airspeed and failing to recognise the stall warnings.


Type of aircraft: Hawker Siddeley Trident 1C
100[11] 2 "Speed Trap" Hughes Airwest Flight 706 30 December 2013

On 6 June 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706 collides with a United States Marine Corps (USMC) jet fighter above the San Gabriel Mountains. A total of 50 people from the two aircraft are killed, with the back-seat crewman of the USMC aircraft the only survivor.


Type of aircraft: Flight 706: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31; USMC jet: McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
101 3 "Lost In Translation" Crossair Flight 498 13 January 2014

On 10 January 2000, Crossair Flight 498 crashes just two minutes after take-off from Zurich, Switzerland while heading for Dresden, Germany, killing all 10 people on board. The investigation found that the pilots had suffered spatial disorientation.


Type of aircraft: Saab 340
102 4 "Disaster on the Potomac" Air Florida Flight 90 23 December 2013

On 13 January 1982, Air Florida Flight 90 takes off from a snowy runway in Washington D.C, stalls at 300 feet altitude, strikes a road bridge and crashes into the Potomac River, killing a total of 78 people. The causes were ice on the wings and the pilots' failure to turn on the engine anti-ice system, causing erroneous engine instrument readings.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-200
103 5 "Queens Catastrophe" American Airlines Flight 587 6 January 2014

On 12 November 2001, just two months after the September 11 attacks, American Airlines Flight 587 spirals out of control after taking off from John F. Kennedy Airport. Shortly after, the aircraft crashes into the suburb of Queens, killing all 260 people on board as well as five on the ground. The vertical stabilizer had detached from the aircraft because of improper rudder use by the first officer after encountering wake turbulence from a Boeing 747-400 that had taken off minutes earlier.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A300B4-605R
104 6 "Into the Eye of the Storm" Hurricane Hunters NOAA42 incident 10 February 2014

On 15 September 1989, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration aircraft tasked with intercepting Hurricane Hugo over the Caribbean islands is jolted by strong winds, causing an engine to catch fire and fail. The pilots of the aircraft manage to make a safe emergency landing.


Type of aircraft: Lockheed WP-3D Orion
105 7 "Massacre Over The Mediterranean" Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 20 January 2014

On 27 June 1980, Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 crashes into the Tyrrhenian Sea near the island of Ustica, Italy; all 81 people on board are killed. The top Italian criminal court eventually ruled on 23 January 2013 that a missile strike brought down the aircraft,[12] but controversy remains; with some experts disputing this conclusion, arguing that an on-board bomb in the rear toilet was the cause; and no definitive accident report published.


Type of aircraft: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15
106 8 "Imperfect Pitch" XL Airways Germany Flight 888T 3 February 2014

On 27 November 2008, an aircraft on a post-maintenance test flight operating as XL Airways Germany Flight 888T crashes into the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of France, killing all seven people on board. The investigators determined that improper maintenance work allowed water to enter the aircraft's angle of attack (AOA) sensors. The water then froze in flight, causing the sensors to stop working; the crew tried to test the stall warning system in flight and the aircraft entered a low-speed stall.


Type of aircraft: Airbus A320-200
107 9 "Terror In Paradise" Air Moorea Flight 1121 27 January 2014

On 9 August 2007, Air Moorea Flight 1121 crashes shortly after taking off from Moorea Airport in French Polynesia. All 19 passengers and the pilot died. The cause was a badly worn and partly broken elevator control cable failing completely; when it was put under more strain than it could handle as the force on the elevators changed with flap retraction.


Type of aircraft: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
108 10 "Titanic In The Sky" Qantas Flight 32 17 February 2014

On 4 November 2010, Qantas Flight 32, en route to Sydney's Kingsford Smith Airport, suffers an uncontained engine failure in its No.2 engine and serious damage to its left wing shortly after take-off. The crew overcome a number of resulting failures and make a safe emergency landing back at Singapore with no injuries among the 469 passengers and crew. Investigators found that a manufacturing fault in an oil pipe caused the engine failure.

Note: This is the 100th aircraft case investigated on Mayday


Type of aircraft: Airbus A380-800
109 11 "Getting Out Alive" Asiana Airlines Flight 214
Air France Flight 358
Reeve Aleutian Airways Flight 8
Air Canada Flight 797
US Airways Flight 1549
9 May 2014

This special looked at how people survive aviation accidents, in part with demonstrations at the Czech Airlines Training Centre.[13]

Note: This episode is not recognized by Cineflix as of 22 August 2014


Types of aircraft: Flight 214: Boeing 777-200ER; Flight 358: Airbus A340-300; Flight 8: Lockheed L-188 Electra; Flight 797: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32; Flight 1549: Airbus A320-200

Season 14 (2014)

The 14th season of Mayday was confirmed by Cineflix in September 2013 and will consist of 10 episodes, thereby bringing the series episode count to 119. Production began on 13 January 2014 and completed on 25 July 2014.[14]


#
Title Incident Original air date
TBA TBA "TBA" Varig Flight 254[15] TBA

On 3 September 1989, the pilots of Varig Flight 254 enter an incorrect heading into the flight computer. Instead of flying towards its destination, the aircraft flies west and after some time is over a remote area of the Amazon jungle. Attempts to reach an alternative airport are unsuccessful, and the aircraft eventually runs out of fuel. The pilot makes a belly landing in the jungle where 13 people die.


Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-200

Spin-offs

Mayday has one episode that is not a part of any particular season. There have been nine spin-off episodes of Mayday, including five Science of Disaster episodes (Seasons 6 and 8); three Crash Scene Investigation episodes investigating train and ship disasters (Season 3 episodes 9, 11 and 12); and Crash of the Century, a 90-minute special investigating the infamous Tenerife disaster.

# Title Incident Original air date
Special "Crash of the Century" The Tenerife disaster 2005

On 27 March 1977, the deadliest-ever aviation accident occurs at Los Rodeos Airport (now known as Tenerife North Airport) in the Canary Islands; Pan American World Airways Flight 1736 and KLM Flight 4805 collide on the runway in thick fog during the KLM aircraft's attempt to take off. The poor weather played a part in the disaster, but the fundamental causes of the crash were numerous errors by the pilots of the two aircraft and the airport's air traffic control officers.

Note: The television program was a co-production between French and Canadian companies, with Cineflix, Adélaïde Productions, and Galaxie Production co-producing.[16] A derivative production for NOVA, "The Deadliest Plane Crash," first aired on PBS on 17 October 2006.[16] The program is not branded as Mayday by Cineflix[17]


Type of aircraft: Flight 1736: Boeing 747-121; Flight 4805: Boeing 747-206B

Alternate titles

The following lists the alternate titles that broadcasters use in Mayday for the Canadian (Original), UK, Australian/Asia (National Geographic Channel) and the US show (Air Emergency/Air Disasters). A blank space indicates that the show title for that region is the same as the original title.

Season 1 (2003)

#  Canada (original title)[18]  UK[19]  Australia/Asia[20]  US
1 "Unlocking Disaster" "Ripped From the Sky"
2 "Racing the Storm" "Fatal Landing"
3 "Fire on Board" "Fire in the Sky"
4 "Flying Blind"
5 "Cutting Corners" "Fatal Error"
6 "Flying on Empty"

Season 2 (2004–05)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Blow Out" "Ripped From the Cockpit"
2 "A Wounded Bird" "One Wing Flight"
3 "The Killing Machine" "Hijacked" Same as UK "Hijack Rescue"
4 "Deadly Crossroads" "Mid-Air Collision" Same as UK "A Father's Revenge"
5 "Lost" "Crash on the Mountain"
6 "Missing Over New York" "Deadly Delay" Same as UK

Season 3 (2005–06)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Hanging by a Thread"
2 "Attack Over Baghdad"
3 "Out of Control"
4 "Fight for Your Life" "Suicide Attack" Same as UK
5 "Bomb on Board"
6 "Mistaken Identity"
7 "Death and Denial" "EgyptAir 990" Same as UK
8 "Helicopter Down"
9 "Runaway Train" "Unstoppable Train"
10 "Kid in the Cockpit"
11 "Collision Course" "Greek Ferry Disaster" "Express Samina"
12 "Head On Collision" "Train Collision" "Impact on the Rails"
13 "Ocean Landing" "African Hijack" Same as UK

Season 4 (2007)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Desperate Escape" "Miracle Escape" Same as UK
2 "Falling from the Sky" "All Engines Failed!"
3 "Fire Fight" "Fiery Landing"
4 "Final Approach" "Blind Landing" "Missed Approach"
5 "Hidden Danger" "Mystery Crashes"
6 "Panic Over the Pacific" "6 Mile Plunge"
7 "Out of Sight" "Collision Over LA"
8 "Fog of War" "Flight 21 is Missing" "Inbound" "Crash in Croatia"
9 "Vertigo" "Desperate Dive" Same as UK "Deadly Disorientation"
10 "Ghost Plane" "Unconscious Pilot"

Season 5 (2008)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Invisible Killer" "Slammed To The Ground" Same as UK
2 "Gimli Glider" "Deadly Glide" "Miracle Flight"
3 "Behind Closed Doors"
4 "Fanning the Flames" "Cargo Conspiracy" "Mystery Fire"
5 "Dead Weight"
6 "Southern Storm"
7 "Air India: Explosive Evidence" "Explosive Evidence" Same as UK
8 "Mixed Signals" "The Plane That Wouldn't Talk" Same as UK
9 "Fatal Distraction" "Who's at the Controls?"
10 "Phantom Strike" "Radio Silence" "Death Over the Amazon"

Season 6 (2007–08) Special

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Ripped Apart"
2 "Fatal Flaw" "Fatal Fix" Same as UK
3 "Who's Flying the Plane?"

Season 7 (2009–10)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Scratching the Surface" "Shattered in Seconds" Same as UK
2 "Lockerbie Disaster" "Lockerbie" Same as UK "Explosive Device"
3 "Blown Apart" "Deadly Prize" "Silent Killer"
4 "Sight Unseen" "Head-On Collision" "Crash Course" "Collision Course"
5 "Operation Babylift"
6 "Falling Fast" "Ditch the Plane" Same as UK
7 "Flight 574: Lost" "The Plane That Vanished" Same as UK "Lost in Space"
8 "Frozen in Flight" "Deep Freeze"

Season 8 (2010) Special

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "System Breakdown" "Communication Breakdown"
2 "Cruel Skies" "Deadly Storms"

Season 9 (2010)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Panic on the Runway" "Manchester Runway Disaster"
2 "Alarming Silence" "Cockpit Chaos" Same as UK
3 "Pilot vs. Plane"
4 "Cleared for Disaster"
5 "Target is Destroyed"
6 "Cold Case" "Snowbound" "Unwelcome Addition"
7 "The Final Blow" "Crashed and Missing" "Doomed to Fail"
8 "Cracks in the System" "Beach Crash" "Miami Mystery"

Season 10 (2011)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Cockpit Failure"
2 "The Heathrow Enigma" "Heathrow Crash Landing"
3 "Pilot Betrayed"
4 "Dead Tired" "Stalled in the Sky"
5 "Hudson River Runway" "Hudson Splash Down" "Ditching on the Hudson"
6 "Who's In Control?" "Mid-Air Landing"

Season 11 (2011–12)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Deadly Reputation" "Nightmare Runway" "Disaster Runway"
2 "The Plane That Flew Too High" "Fatal Climb"
3 "Split Decision" "Military Crash Conspiracy"
4 "Breakup Over Texas"
5 "Munich Air Disaster" "Mayday Munich"
6 "Turning Point" "Deadly Design"
7 "Bad Attitude" "Stansted Crash"
8 "Blind Spot" "On Course To Disaster" "Hiding in Plane Sight"
9 "Under Pressure" "Desert Inferno" Same as UK
10 "I'm The Problem" "Murder On Board"
11 "Nowhere to Land" "Miracle Landing"
12 "The Invisible Plane" "Zero Visibility"
13 "Impossible Landing" "Sioux City Fireball" Same as UK

Season 12 (2012–13)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Fight for Control"
2 "Fire in the Hold"
3 "Caution to the Wind" "Typhoon Takeoff" Same as UK
4 "Pushed to the Limit" "Pilot Under Pressure"
5 "Blind Landing" "Crash in the Jungle"
6 "Grand Canyon Disaster" "Grand Canyon"
7 "Catastrophe at O'Hare" "America's Deadliest Crash" "America's Deadliest"
8 "Focused on Failure" "Fatal Fixation" Same as UK
9 "Lokomotiv Hockey Team Disaster" "Russia's Ice Hockey Disaster" "Hockey Team Tragedy"
10 "Death of the President"
11 "Heading to Disaster" "Subtle Incapacitation"
12 "28 Seconds to Survive" "Seconds To Survive"
13 "Air France 447: Vanished" "Vanished"

Season 13 (2013–14)

#  Canada (original title)  UK  Australia/Asia  US
1 "Fight To The Death" "Britain's Worst Air Crash" TBA
2 "Speed Trap" TBA
3 "Lost In Translation" TBA
4 "Disaster on the Potomac" TBA
5 "Queens Catastrophe" TBA
6 "Into The Eye Of The Storm" TBA
7 "Massacre Over The Mediterranean" TBA
8 "Imperfect Pitch" "Deadly Test" Same as UK TBA
9 "Terror In Paradise" TBA
10 "Titanic In The Sky" "Qantas 32: Titanic In The Sky" "Qantas 32" TBA
11 "Getting Out Alive" TBA TBA TBA

Season 14 (TBA)

Episodes are not yet announced.


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Mayday premieres on Discovery, Wednesday, September 3 at 10 p.m." (Press release). Cineflix. 14 August 2003. 
  2. ^ "Mayday – Popular Cineflix series returns to Discovery Channel with two new back-to-back episodes, Sunday, January 23, 2005, at 8 pm ET" (Press release). Cineflix. 1 December 2004. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Mayday (a Titles & Air Dates guide), epguides, 14 July 2013 
  4. ^ "A New Season of Mayday Takes Flight, April 15 on Discovery Channel" (Press release). Discovery Channel Canada. 30 March 2007. 
  5. ^ "Never Take a Safe Landing For Granted Again – Discovery Channel Presents Season 7 of MAYDAY and DAILY PLANET's "Flying Things Week" in November" (Press release). Discovery Channel Canada. 15 October 2009. 
  6. ^ a b TV.com. "Air Emergency - Episode Guide". TV.com. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  7. ^ "Buckled In and Cabin Baggage Safely Stowed, MAYDAY returns to Discovery Channel for a 9th Season, Sept. 8" (Press release). Discovery Channel Canada. 13 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Air Crash Investigation TV Listing (UK)". National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Discovery Channel Sends Out a Mayday Call – Season 5 Launches with Air India Tragedy, April 9" (Press release). Discovery Channel Canada. 25 March 2008. 
  10. ^ "Air Crash Investigation TV Listing (Australia)". National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 5 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Cineflix’s Mayday Takes Flight with the 100th Episode in a Brand New Season
  12. ^ "Conspiracy Buffs Gain in Court Ruling on Crash". New York Times. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  13. ^ http://www.aviationacademy.cz/about-us/
  14. ^ "What’s Shooting?". ACTRA Toronto. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  15. ^ "NATGEO - MAYDAY! AIR CRASH INVESTIGATIONS". FSR Productions. 
  16. ^ a b "The Deadliest Plane Crash." (Archive) NOVA. Retrieved 30 October 2012. "Crash of the Century © Galaxie Production / Near-Miss Productions Inc./ Adélaïde Production, 2005 A France-Canada co-production Produced by Galaxie Production - Cineflix - Adélaïde Productions in association with Canal D, an Astral Media Network; M6; BSkyB"
  17. ^ "Crash of the Century." (Archive) Cineflix Productions. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  18. ^ Mayday: Episode Guide Zap2it
  19. ^ Air Crash Investigation – About National Geographic UK
  20. ^ Air Crash Investigation – Episode Guide National Geographic Australia

External links