List of Mayflower passengers who died in the winter of 1620–21

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During the first winter in the New World, the Mayflower colonists suffered greatly from diseases like scurvy, lack of shelter, and general conditions on board ship.[1] Forty-five of the 102 immigrants died the first winter and were buried on Cole's Hill.[2]

These persons * who died in the winter of 1620-1621 were most likely originally buried in unmarked graves in the Coles Hill Burial Ground, Plymouth, Massachusetts. In 1921 some of the remains of persons originally buried on that hill were collected into the sarcophagus that is the Pilgrim Memorial Tomb on Cole's Hill in Plymouth. Many of the persons listed here are named on the Tomb.[3]

Men[edit]

Women[edit]

  • Mary (Norris) Allerton*, of Newbury, England, wife of Isaac Allerton, died February 25, 1621, reportedly in childbirth, baby was stillborn. Remains later interred in Pilgrim Memorial Tomb, Cole's Hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts[5][6]
  • Dorothy (May) Bradford, December 7/17 drowned while on board Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor. Most likely buried ashore. Memorial in Provincetown.
  • Mrs. James Chilton* (first name unknown)
  • Sarah Eaton*
  • Mrs. Edward Fuller*
  • Mary (Prower) Martin*, January 11
  • Alice Mullins*, February 22–28
  • Alice Rigsdale*
  • Agnes (Cooper) Tilley*
  • Joan (Hurst) Tilley*
  • Mrs. Thomas Tinker*
  • Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow*, March 24. Remains later interred in Pilgrim Memorial Tomb, Cole's Hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts.[7]
  • Rose Standish* January 29 - grave unknown

Children[edit]

Mayflower plaque in St. James Church in Shipton, Shropshire commemorating the More children baptism. courtesy of Phil Revell
  • Elinor (Ellen) More, age 8 died on board Mayflower in November 1620. Remains later interred in the Pilgrim Memorial Tomb, Cole's Hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • Jasper More, age 7, died on board the Mayflower on December 6, 1620. Buried ashore in the Provincetown area.
  • Mary More, age 4 died in the winter of 1620. Remains later interred in the Pilgrim Memorial Tomb, Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • Joseph Mullins*, age 14, February 22–28
  • Solomon Prower*, age ca. 14-17, December 24
  • the son of Thomas Tinker*
  • both sons of John Turner*

Statistics by month[edit]

Winter[edit]

According to Bradford's Register,[8] a contemporary source

  • November, 1
  • December, 6
  • January, 8, 11
  • February, 17
  • March, 13

Spring[edit]

  • April uncertain, between 1 and 5[9] (including Governor John Carver, not in above list)
  • May or June, at least 1 (Mrs. Katherine (White) Carver*, not in above list)

Four deaths occurred in months unknown before the first Thanksgiving bringing the total deaths to 51.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rothbard, Murray Rothbard (1975). ""The Founding of Plymouth Colony"". Conceived in Liberty 1. Arlington House Publishers. 
  2. ^ 1998, Pilgrim Hall Museum, accessed August 29, 2006/
  3. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=2272036
  4. ^ Charles Edward Banks. ‘’The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers’’ (Grafton Press N.Y. 1929) p. 42
  5. ^ Mintz, S. (2003). Childbirth in Early America,
  6. ^ Ruth Wilder Sherman, CG, FASG, and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Family of Isaac Allerton, Vol. 13 3rd edition (Pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006) p. 5.
  7. ^ New England Historical Genealogical Society http://www.americanancestors.org/pilgrim-families-edward-winslow/
  8. ^ The Plymouth Colony Archive Project MAYFLOWER PASSENGER DEATHS, 1620-1621 [1], 2000, Patricia Scott Deetz and James Deetz, accessed August 29, 2006
  9. ^ The death dates of Alice Mullins* and her son Joseph* are not clear, perhaps after April 5 when the Mayflower left with her husband William's will naming them as heirs but with no attachment concerning their deaths.

Notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Glenn Alan Cheney. Thanksgiving: The Pilgrims' First Year in America, (New London: New London Librarium, 2007) ISBN 978-0-9798039-0-1
  • Nathaniel Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War, (New York: Viking, 2006) ISBN 0-670-03760-5

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