Government of Zamboanga City

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The Government of Zamboanga City, also known as the Zamboanga City Government is the local government unit in-charge of the City of Zamboanga. It is a mayor-council form of government supervised directly by the President of the Philippines and the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government.

The city government has three interdependent branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The powers of the branches are vested by the 1991 Local Government Code of the Philippines in the following:

Legislative Department[edit]

The legislative power of the city is vested in the unicameral Sangguniang Panglungsod. It is composed of:

The elected members can be re-elected but they may not run for a fourth consecutive term.

When a vacancy arises in the Sanggunian, the President of the Philippines shall appoint to fill in the vacancy. In case of vacancy in the representation of the youth and the barangay in the Sanggunian, the said vacancy shall be filled automatically by the official next in rank of the organization concerned.

Executive Department[edit]

The executive power is vested in the Mayor. The current executive branch is headed by Mayor Maria Isabelle Climaco Salazar of the Liberal Party. He/she is elected by popular vote to a term of three years. The mayor can be re-elected but he/she may not run for a fourth consecutive term.

The second highest official, Vice-Mayor Cesar Iturralde is also elected by popular vote. The Vice-Mayor is first in line to succession if the office of the Mayor is vacant. He/she is the presiding officer of the Sangguniang Panglungsod.

The mayor is assisted in acting out his/her duties by the following:

  • As required by the 1991 Local Government Code:
    • City Treasurer
    • City Accountant
    • City Budget Officer
    • City Planning and Development Coordinator
    • City Engineer
    • City Health Officer
    • City Civil Registrar
    • City Administrator
    • City Legal Officer
    • City Veterinarian
    • City Social Welfare and Development Officer
    • City General Services Officer
  • As optional by the 1991 Local Government Code:
    • City Architect
    • City Information Officer
    • City Agriculturist
    • City Population Officer
    • City Environment and Natural Resources Officer
    • City Cooperatives Officer

Historical governments[edit]

Republic of Zamboanga[edit]

The Republic of Zamboanga's declared sovereignty lasted from May 18, 1899 until November 16, 1899, wherein its revolutionary government and chosen President, Vicente Álvarez, who led the liberation of the Zamboangueños from the tenuous grip of the retreating Spanish military, along with his victorious troops, exercised de facto sovereignty over administrative functions and military control within their new country territory and was not subordinate or subject to any other government or authority in the Philippines.

Álvarez proclaimed his new Republic of Zamboanga had rule over the entire islands of Mindanao, Basilan, and Sulu - effectively the entire southern Philippines. His claim was grandiose. In reality, the republic's sovereignty extended only over the existing premises of ancient Zamboanga, which can be estimated to be about the same size as present-day Zamboanga City is.

Presidents of the Republic[edit]

Mayor Took office Left office
1 Vicente Alvarez May 18, 1899 November 16, 1899
2 Isidro Midel November 16, 1899 March 1901
3 Mariano Arquiza March 1901 March 1903[1]

Under Moro Province[edit]

Main article: Moro Province

On March 1903, Arquiza's government ended and was replaced by a new U.S. governor, also effectively ending the Republic of Zamboanga.

Zamboanga is made capital of consolidated Mindanao, Basilan,& Sulu Archipelago, after abolition of the Republic. The Moro Province had 5 districts: Sulu, Zamboanga, Lanao, Cotabato, and Davao.

City Mayors[edit]

On recommendation of Governor John J. Pershing, the Legislative Council of the Moro Province passed on September 15, 1911, Act No. 272, converting the municipality of Zamboanga into a city with a commission form of government. Its municipal board consisted of a mayor and two commissioners.

On February 26, 1937, the City Charter of Zamboanga became effective and the new city government was inaugurated headed by a mayor appointed by the President of the Philippine Commonwealth.

With the passage of Republic Act No. 1210 on April 29, 1955, the position of mayor became elective and the post of vice-mayor was created.

Note: The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as chief executive (either mayor or municipal president) of Zamboanga City, while the second column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as city mayor.

# Mayor
(Birth-Death)
Took office Left office Party Vice-Mayor Term Era
1 1 Chistopher Frederick Bader January 2, 1912 February 28, 1914 Appointed None - Insular Government
2 2 Victoriano Tarrosa March 1, 1914 October 15, 1914[2] Appointed None -
Abolished
Leadership was transferred to the Municipal President upon the reversion of the city to municipality status under the province of Zamboanga.
Please refer to the next table
8 3 Nicasio Valderrosa February 27, 1937 1939 Appointed None - Commonwealth
9 4 Pablo Lorenzo 1939 1940 Appointed None -
10 5 Agustin Alvarez 1940 1942 Appointed None -
Abolished
Leadership was transferred to the Municipal President when the Japanese administration reverted Zamboanga's status as a city to a municipality.
Please refer to the next table
Second Republic
(5) 6 Gregorio Ledesma
(1893–1966)
1945 1946 Appointed None - Commonwealth
(Restored)
12 7 Pantaleon Pelayo 1945 1946 Appointed None - Third Republic
13 8 Vicente Suarez 1946 1947 Appointed None -
14 9 Manuel Jaldon 1947 1949 Appointed None -
15 10 Cesar Climaco
(1916-1984)
1953 1953 Appointed None 1
16 11 Hector Suarez 1954 January 1, 1956 Appointed None 1
Tabujur Taupan[3]
(15) (10) Cesar Climaco
(1916-1984)
January 1, 1956 January 1, 1960 Liberal Tomas Ferrer 2
January 1, 1960 1961[4] 3
17 12 Tomas Ferrer
(1906-1995)
1961 January 1, 1964 Liberal Vacant 1
Joaquin F. Enriquez, Jr.[5]
(16) (11) Hector Suarez January 1, 1964 January 1, 1968 Nacionalista Joaquin F. Enriquez, Jr.[6] 2
Expedito Fernandez
18 13 Joaquin F. Enriquez, Jr.
(1926-1986)
January 1, 1968 January 1, 1972 Liberal Roberto Lim 1
18 13 January 1, 1972 September 23, 1972 Independent Jose Vicente Atilano II 2
18 13 September 23, 1972 1978 KBL Jose Vicente Atilano II 3 Martial Law Era
"The New Society"
19 14 Jose Vicente Atilano II 1978 1980 KBL Abolished 1
(15) (10) Cesar Climaco
(1916-1984)
March 5, 1980 June 30, 1981 Concerned Citizen's Aggrupation Manuel Dalipe 4
June 30, 1981 November 14, 1984[7] Fourth Republic
20 15 Manuel Dalipe
(1946- )
November 14, 1984 February 25, 1986 KBL Susan delos Reyes 1
February 25, 1986 May 25, 1986 Fifth Republic
21 - Rustico Varela
(1922-1993)
March 25, 1986[8] June 1, 1986 Appointed -
22 - Julio Cesar Climaco
(1944- )
June 1, 1986[9] May 28, 1987[10] Appointed -
23 - Vitaliano Agan
(1935-2009)
May 28, 1987[11] February 2, 1988 PDP-LABAN / UNIDO -
24 16 February 2, 1988 June 30, 1992 Lakas Jose Climaco 1
June 30, 1992 June 30, 1995 Roberto Ko 2
June 30, 1995 March 23, 1998[12] Efren Arañez 3
25 17 Efren Arañez
(1938- )
March 23, 1998 June 30, 1998 Lakas Vacant -
26 18 Maria Clara Lobregat
(1921-2004)
June 30, 1998 June 30, 2001 LDP Roberto Ko 1
June 30, 2001 January 2, 2004[13] Erico Basilio Fabian 2
27 19 Erico Basilio Fabian
(1957- )
January 4, 2004 June 30, 2004 LDP Vacant -
28 20 Celso Lobregat
(1948- )
June 30, 2004 June 30, 2007 LDP Maria Isabelle Climaco 1
June 30, 2007 June 30, 2010 Manuel Jose Dalipe 2
June 30, 2010 June 30, 2013 Cesar Iturralde 3
29 21 Maria Isabelle Climaco Salazar
(1966- )
June 30, 2013 Incumbent
(Term expires June 30, 2016)
Liberal 1

Municipal Presidents[edit]

When the Department of Mindanao and Sulu replaced the Moro Province in 1914, the City was reverted to municipality status under the supervision of the province of Zamboanga.

Note: The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as chief executive (either mayor or municipal president) of Zamboanga City, while the second column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as municipal president.

# Municipal President Took office Left office Party Municipal Vice-President Term Era
(2) 1 Victoriano Tarrosa October 16, 1914 1916 Appointed Pedro Francisco - Insular Government
3 2 Alfonso Ramos 1916 1919 Nacionalista Filomeno Arquiza 1
4 3 Crispin Atilano 1919 1922 Nacionalista Bernabe Midel 1
5 4 Gregorio Ledesma 1922 1925 Nacionalista Felipe Ramos 1
6 5 Felipe Ramos 1922 1925 Nacionalista Jose Sanson 1
1925 1928 2
1928 1931 Antonio Toribio 3
7 6 Antonio Toribio 1931 November 15, 1935 Nacionalista Juan Sta. Teresa 1
November 15, 1935 February 25, 1937[14] Commonwealth
Abolished
Leadership was transferred to the City Mayor when the new City Government was inaugurated.
Please refer to the previous table
11 7 Carlos Camins 1942 1945 Appointed None - Second Republic
Abolished
Leadership was transferred to the City Mayor when the City Government was restored upon the liberation of American and Filipino forces.
Please refer to the previous table

Zamboanga City Officials (2007–2010)[edit]

Position Name
Mayor Hon. Celso Lobregat
Vice Mayor Hon. Mannix Dalipe
First District
Representative Hon. Maria Isabelle C. Salazar
Councilors Mariano, Charlie
Jimenez, Cesar L.
Cabato, Jaime U.
Sadain, Melchor Rey K.
Abarro, Ethelinda M.
Lim, Rodolfo R.
Valesco, Rogelio Jr L.
Biel, Luis III R.
Second District
Representative Hon. Erico Basilio A. Fabian
Councilors Ituralde, Cesar S.
Elago, Juan Climaco P.
Rodriguez, Edmundo S.
Nuño, Lilia M.
Natividad, Roel B.
Guingona, Benjamin III E.
Saavedra, Eduardo Jr T.
Candido, Reynerio S.

Zamboanga City Officials (2013-2016)[edit]

Position Name
Mayor Hon. Maria Isabelle C. Salazar
Vice Mayor Hon. Cesar Iturralde
First District
Representative Hon. Celso Lobregat
Councilors Mariano, Charlie
Jimenez, Cesar Jr. L.
Pareja, Josephine
Sadain, Melchor Rey K.
Bayot, Rodolfo
Abubakar, Myra Paz
Valesco, Rogelio Jr L.
Biel, Luis III R.
Second District
Representative Hon. Lilia Macrohon-Nuño
Councilors Elago, Vincent Paul
Elago, Juan Climaco P.
Alavar, Miguel III
Ramos, Percival
Natividad, Roel B.
Guingona, Benjamin IV
Saavedra, Eduardo Jr T.
Agan, Rommel

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arquiza was ousted by the Americans due to his inability to nab local murderer Eduardo Álvarez for killing 2 American miners.
  2. ^ Term ended with the dissolution of the Commission Form of Government.
  3. ^ Taupan was appointed by President Ramon Magsaysay to be acting Vice-Mayor until a new one is to be elected in the 1955 local elections when the City Charter was amended to create the office of vice-mayor.
  4. ^ Climaco resigned to run for the Senate.
  5. ^ Councilor Enriquez succeeded Ferrer as vice-mayor.
  6. ^ Councilor Enriquez resigned to run for Mayor in the 1967 local elections.
  7. ^ Climaco was assassinated by an unknown gunman. Vice-Mayor Dalipe succeeded him.
  8. ^ Appointed by President Corazon Aquino as acting officer-in-charge.
  9. ^ Appointed by President Corazon Aquino as acting officer-in-charge.
  10. ^ Climaco resigned to run for Congress.
  11. ^ Appointed by President Corazon Aquino as acting officer-in-charge when Climaco resigned.
  12. ^ Agan resigned to run for Congress in the 1998 local elections.
  13. ^ died due to diabetic complications. Succeeded by Vice-Mayor Erbie Fabian.
  14. ^ The City Charter of Zamboanga promoted the municipality into a city and to be inaugrated in February 26, 1937.