List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War I

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World War I (also known as the First World War and the Great War) was a global military conflict that embroiled most of the world's great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Entente and the Central Powers.[1] The immediate cause of the war was the June 28, 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb citizen of Austria–Hungary and member of the Black Hand. The retaliation by Austria–Hungary against Serbia activated a series of alliances that set off a chain reaction of war declarations. Within a month, much of Europe was in a state of open warfare, resulting in the mobilization of more than 65 million European soldiers,[2] and more than 40 million casualties—including approximately 20 million deaths by the end of the war.[3]

When World War I broke out, the United States maintained a policy of isolationism, avoiding conflict while trying to negotiate peace between the warring nations. However, when a German U-boat sank the British liner Lusitania in 1915, with 128 Americans aboard, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson demanded an end to attacks on passenger ships. Germany complied and Wilson unsuccessfully tried to mediate a settlement. He repeatedly warned that the U.S. would not tolerate unrestricted submarine warfare, in violation of international law.[4]

By the time the United States of America entered the war in 1917—three years after the first shots were fired—several Americans had already gone to fight as pilots by joining the Royal Flying Corps. These pilots reported to Canada, and after flight training were sent to fight as officers in the British military.[5]

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[6]

In all some 119 men received the Medal for their actions in World War I (33 of them posthumously): 90 from the Army, 21 from the Navy, and 8 from the Marine Corps. Among the recipients were Alvin York, who later became the basis for the movie Sergeant York, and Edward Rickenbacker, who became a flying ace. Ralph Talbot of the Marine Corps also became a flying ace and was the first Marine aviator to receive the Medal of Honor.[7][8]

Since the Medal of Honor was established, 19 recipients have received it twice, of whom 5 received both awards during World War I.[9] These 5 men were all Marines who received both the Army and Navy versions of the Medal of Honor for the same action. This was made possible by the practice of attaching some units of the U.S. Marine Corps, a part of the Department of the Navy, to larger U.S. Army commands, making Marines in such units eligible for both Army and Navy decorations. Of the other three Marines who earned the Medal of Honor during World War I, two were awarded only the Navy version and one, Fred W. Stockham, received only the Army version.[10] In February 1919, the criteria for the award were amended to state that no person could receive more than one Medal of Honor, thus precluding any future double recipients.[11]

Recipients[edit]

      This with the   indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

Image Name Service Rank Place of action Date of action Notes[12]
Adkison, Joseph B.Joseph B. Adkison Army E-05Sergeant near Bellicourt, France Sep 29, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun position
Head and shoulders of a man in a neatly pressed military uniform with four medals hanging from ribbons on his chest and a garrison cap. Allex, JakeJake Allex Army E-04Corporal Chipilly Ridge, France Aug 9, 1918 Took command of his platoon after all officers had been killed or wounded and single-handedly captured a machine gun nest
Allworth, Edward C.Edward C. Allworth Army O-03Captain Cléry-le-Petit, France Nov 5, 1918 Swam across a canal under fire, encouraging his men to follow, then led his unit in the capture of 100 prisoners
Head and shoulders of a clean-cut square-jawed young man in an army uniform, U.S. Army World War I style, with a campaign hat. Anderson, Johannes S.Johannes S. Anderson Army E-07First Sergeant Consenvoye, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun nest
Head of man in his late twenties, wearing a U.S. Army officer's peaked cap Baesel, Albert E.Albert E. Baesel  Army O-01Second Lieutenant near Ivoiry, France Sep 27, 1918 Killed while trying to rescue a wounded soldier under heavy fire
Head and shoulders of man in his forties, wearing glasses and a World War II style U.S. naval officer's uniform Balch, John H.John H. Balch Navy E-06Pharmacist's Mate First Class Vierzy and Somme-Py, France Jul 19, 1918 and
Oct 5, 1918
Exposed himself to intense fire in order to treat the wounded and establish a dressing station
Head and shoulders of a low-ranking U.S. soldier in a garrison cap wearing three large medals on his chest. He has an intimidating expression, and his eyes almost glare at the camera. Barger, Charles D.Charles D. Barger Army E-02Private First Class near Bois-de-Bantheville, France Oct 31, 1918 With Jesse N. Funk, entered no man's land and rescued two wounded officers
Face of a young man in military uniform. He has a stern expression and his hat, a peaked cap, is slightly cocked. Barkeley, David B.David B. Barkeley  Army E-01Private near Pouilly-sur-Meuse, France Nov 9, 1918 Swam the Meuse River and reconnoitered German positions under heavy fire, drowned on the return trip
Barkley, John L.John L. Barkley Army E-02Private First Class near Cunel, France Oct 7, 1918 Manned a machine gun inside a disabled tank and single-handedly repelled two German counterattacks
Bart, Frank J.Frank J. Bart Army E-01Private near Medeah Ferme, France Oct 3, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced two machine gun nests
Blackwell, Robert L.Robert L. Blackwell  Army E-01Private near Saint-Souplet, France Oct 11, 1918 Killed while trying to carry a message calling for reinforcements through heavy fire
Erwin R. Bleckley Bleckley, Erwin R.Erwin R. Bleckley  Air Service O-01Second Lieutenant near Binarville, France Oct 6, 1918 Killed while trying to supply the Lost Battalion by air with Harold Goettler
JoelTBoone.jpg Boone, Joel T.Joel T. Boone Navy O-03Lieutenant near Vierzy, France Jul 19, 1918 Exposed himself to intense fire in order to treat the wounded and bring in supplies
Willis W. Bradley cropped.jpg Bradley, Jr., Willis WinterWillis Winter Bradley, Jr. Navy O-03Lieutenant USS Pittsburgh en route to Buenos Aires, Argentina Jul 23, 1917 Entered a room containing explosives and extinguished a fire after an accidental detonation
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged white man in a suit and striped tie. Bronson, DemingDeming Bronson Army O-02First Lieutenant near Eclisfontaine, France Sep 26, 1918 – Sep 27, 1918 Continued to fight although suffering from severe wounds
Call, Donald M.Donald M. Call Army E-04Corporal near Varennes, France Sep 26, 1918 Rescued a wounded officer from a disabled tank and carried him to safety under intense fire
Head of a young man with full cheeks wearing a military peaked cap and looking off into the distance. Cann, Tedford H.Tedford H. Cann Navy E-03Seaman USS May Nov 5, 1917 Dove into a flooded compartment to find and plug a leak which threatened his ship
Chiles, Marcellus H.Marcellus H. Chiles  Army O-03Captain near Le Champy Bas, France Nov 3, 1918 Led from the front despite intense machine gun fire until being mortally wounded
Colyer, Wilbur E.Wilbur E. Colyer  Army E-05Sergeant near Verdun, France Oct 9, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced three machine gun nests
Costin, Henry G.Henry G. Costin  Army E-01Private near Bois-de-Consenvoye, France Oct 8, 1918 Mortally wounded while attacking a machine gun nest alone after everyone else in his team had become casualties
Jesse W. Covington cropped.jpg Covington, Jesse W.Jesse W. Covington Navy E-04Ship's Cook Third Class USS Stewart Apr 17, 1918 Dove overboard and rescued a man who was surrounded by boxes of explosives
Head and torso of a man with neatly combed hair and a toothbrush mustache. He is wearing a dressy military uniform with an array of medals on his chest, a medal tightly around his neck, and shoulder cords. Cukela, LouisLouis Cukela Marine Corps E-05Sergeant near Villers-Cotterêts, France Jul 18, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a German strongpoint[n 1]
Head and shoulders of a young man in a brown military uniform with a garrison cap. A medal hangs down from his neck, the strap lying under his collar, and two medals hang from colorful ribbons on his chest. Dilboy, GeorgeGeorge Dilboy  Army E-02Private First Class near Belleau, France Jul 18, 1918 Mortally wounded while single-handedly attacking and silencing a machine gun position
Three-quarters shot of a middle-aged man in a plain military uniform, standing almost at attention. He is wearing a campaign hat and two medals on his chest. Donaldson, Michael A.Michael A. Donaldson Army E-05Sergeant Sommerance-Landres-et-Saint-Georges Road, France Oct 14, 1918 Rescued six wounded men despite intense fire
Head and shoulders of an older man with neatly combed and parted gray hair wearing a suit and tie. Donovan, William J.William J. Donovan Army O-05Lieutenant Colonel near Landres-et-Saint-Georges, France Oct 14, 1918 – Oct 15, 1918 Exposed himself to fire in order to lead and organize his men, remained with them after being wounded. The only person to have received the four highest awards in the United States: the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, and the National Security Medal.[13]
Dozier, James C.James C. Dozier Army O-02First Lieutenant near Montbrehain, France Oct 8, 1918 Continued to lead after being wounded and, with another soldier, silenced a machine gun nest
Dunn, Parker F.Parker F. Dunn  Army E-02Private First Class near Grandpré, Ardennes, France Oct 23, 1918 Killed while carrying a message through intense fire
Edwards, Daniel R.Daniel R. Edwards Army E-02Private First Class Soissons, France Jul 18, 1918 Although severely injured, single-handedly entered a German trench and killed or captured the occupants
Sgt. Alan Louis Eggers Eggers, Alan L.Alan L. Eggers Army E-05Sergeant near Le Catelet, France Sep 29, 1918 With J.C. Latham and Thomas E. O'Shea, rescued the crew of a disabled tank and protected them from attack all day
Ellis, Michael B.Michael B. Ellis Army E-05Sergeant near Exermont, France Oct 5, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured several German positions
Forrest, Arthur J.Arthur J. Forrest Army E-05Sergeant near Remonville, France Nov 1, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun nest
Foster, Gary E.Gary E. Foster Army E-05Sergeant near Montbrehain, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly silenced a machine gun nest
Head of a young man in military uniform with a garrison cap and round "US" pins on either side of his high, stiff collar. Funk, Jesse N.Jesse N. Funk Army E-02Private First Class near Bois-de-Bantheville, France Oct 31, 1918 With Charles D. Barger, entered no man's land and rescued two wounded officers
Furlong, Harold A.Harold A. Furlong Army O-02First Lieutenant near Bantheville, France Nov 1, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a series of machine gun nests
Gaffney, FrankFrank Gaffney Army E-02Private First Class near Ronssoy, France Sep 29, 1918 Single-handedly captured and held a German position until reinforcements arrived
Goettler, Harold E.Harold E. Goettler  Air Service O-02First Lieutenant near Binarville, France Oct 6, 1918 Killed while trying to supply the Lost Battalion by air with Erwin Bleckley
Oragraves.jpg Graves, OraOra Graves Navy E-03Seaman USS Pittsburgh en route to Buenos Aires, Argentina Jul 23, 1917 Extinguished a fire after an accidental explosion
Gregory, Earle D.Earle D. Gregory Army E-05Sergeant north of Verdun, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured three German positions
Head and shoulders of a man in a neatly pressed military uniform with three medals on his chest, a tight upright collar, and garrison cap. Gumpertz, Sydney G.Sydney G. Gumpertz Army E-07First Sergeant Bois-de-Forges, France Sep 29, 1918 Single-handedly silenced a machine gun nest
Hall, Thomas L.Thomas L. Hall  Army E-05Sergeant near Montbrehain, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun nest, killed while attacking a second
Head of a young man in military uniform with shoulder straps, a high, stiff, collar, and a cap. Hammann, Charles H.Charles H. Hammann Naval Reserve O-01Ensign off Pula, Austria–Hungary Aug 21, 1918 Rescued a fellow pilot who had been shot down
Hatler, M. WaldoM. Waldo Hatler Army E-05Sergeant near Pouilly-sur-Meuse, France Nov 8, 1918 Swam the Meuse River and reconnoitered German positions under heavy fire
A black and white headshot of Hayden in his military dress uniform without a hat and smiling. Hayden, David E.David E. Hayden Navy E-03Hospital Apprentice First Class Thiaucourt, France Sep 15, 1918 Reached a wounded man, treated him, and carried him to safety despite intense fire
Hays, George P.George P. Hays Army O-02First Lieutenant near Greves Farm, France Jul 14, 1918 – Jul 15, 1918 Carried messages through heavy fire
Heriot, James D.James D. Heriot  Army E-04Corporal Vaux-Andigny, France Oct 12, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun nest, killed while attacking a second
Hill, Ralyn M.Ralyn M. Hill Army E-04Corporal near Donnevoux, France Oct 7, 1918 Ran through heavy fire to rescue a downed French pilot
Hilton, Richmond H.Richmond H. Hilton Army E-05Sergeant Brancourt, France Oct 11, 1918 Led an attack which successfully captured a machine gun nest
Head and shoulders of a white man in a military uniform with a long row of medals across his left breast, a strap lying diagonally across his chest, a high, stiff, collar, and a peaked cap. Holderman, Nelson M.Nelson M. Holderman Army O-03Captain northeast of Binarville, France Oct 2, 1918 – Oct 8, 1918 As part of the Lost Battalion, continued to lead despite being repeatedly wounded and rescued two wounded men from under intense fire
OsmondIngram.jpg Ingram, Osmond K.Osmond K. Ingram  Navy E-06Gunner's Mate First Class USS Cassin, off the coast of Ireland Oct 15, 1917 Killed while attempting to release depth charges in the face of an oncoming torpedo
Head and shoulders of a young white man with a cleft chin and neatly combed hair parted at the side. He is wearing a dark, heavy, pea coat with military shoulder straps. Izac, Edouard V. M.Edouard V. M. Izac Navy O-03Lieutenant German submarine U-90 May 21, 1918 Gathered intellegience while a prisoner of war, escaped and brought the information to the Allies
Head and shoulders of a white man in military uniform with a peaked cap, a medal around his neck and one medal, two ribbon bars, and a badge on his left breast. Janson, Ernest A.Ernest A. Janson Marine Corps E-07Gunnery Sergeant near Château-Thierry, France Jun 6, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and dispersed a machine gun detachment[n 1][n 2]
Johnston, Harold I.Harold I. Johnston Army E-02Private First Class near Pouilly-sur-Meuse, France Nov 9, 1918 Swam the Meuse River and reconnoitered German positions under heavy fire
Karnes, James E.James E. Karnes Army E-05Sergeant near Estrées, France Oct 8, 1918 With Calvin Ward, attacked and captured a machine gun nest
Katz, Phillip C.Phillip C. Katz Army E-05Sergeant near Eclisfontaine, France Sep 26, 1918 Rescued a wounded man from under heavy fire
Kaufman, BenjaminBenjamin Kaufman Army E-07First Sergeant Forest of Argonne, France Oct 4, 1918 Although wounded, single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun
Head and shoulders of a happy young man in a military uniform with a single medal on his chest. He is smiling and his garrison cap is pushed high up on his forehead. Kelly, John J.John J. Kelly Marine Corps E-01Private Blanc Mont Ridge, France Oct 3, 1918 Single-handedly attacked a machine gun nest under an artillery barrage[n 1]
Head of a young man with thick, dark, hair parted at the side. He is wearing a military jacket with a high collar and bright buttons down the center. Kocak, MatejMatej Kocak  Marine Corps E-05Sergeant south of Soissons, France Jul 18, 1918 Single-handedly silenced a machine gun nest and led a successful attack on a second nest[n 1]
published headshot Latham, John C.John C. Latham Army E-05Sergeant near Le Catelet, France Sep 29, 1918 With Alan L. Eggers and Thomas E. O'Shea, rescued the crew of a disabled tank and protected them from attack all day
Lemert, MiloMilo Lemert  Army E-07First Sergeant near Bellicourt, France Sep 29, 1918 Single-handedly silenced three machine guns, killed while attacking a fourth with another man
Loman, BergerBerger Loman Army E-01Private near Consenvoye, France Oct 9, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a machine gun
Head and torso of a white man with short, light, hair and a stern look on his face. His arms are crossed and he is wearing a military uniform with a strap across the chest, a high stiff collar, and a winged badge on his left breast. Behind him can be seen part of a biplane. Luke, Jr., FrankFrank Luke, Jr.  Air Service O-01Second Lieutenant near Murvaux, France Sep 29, 1918 Destroyed three observation balloons before being forced to land because of mortal wounds
Alexander Gordon Lyle.jpg Lyle, Alexander G.Alexander G. Lyle Navy O-04Lieutenant Commander France Apr 23, 1918 Exposed himself to hostile fire to treat a wounded man
Head and shoulders of a man wearing a military jacket with a tie and high-collared white shirt underneath. A medal hangs from around his neck and his hat, a peaked cap, bears an anchor-shaped emblem with the letters "USN". MacKenzie, JohnJohn MacKenzie Navy E-07Chief Boatswain's Mate USS Remlik (SP-157) in the Bay of Biscay Dec 17, 1917 Secured a live depth charge
Head and torso of a man in a dressy military uniform, with white gloves, stripes on his sleeve near the wrist, emblems on his collar, a decorated peaked cap, and a sword held loosely in his hand. Madison, James J.James J. Madison Naval Reserve O-04Lieutenant Commander USS Ticonderoga Sep 30, 1918 Continued to lead his ship after being severely wounded during a U-boat attack
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged man in military uniform with a strap across his chest, four medals on his left breast, and a peaked cap. Mallon, George H.George H. Mallon Army O-03Captain Bois-de-Forges, France Sep 26, 1918 Led a small group in the capture of a series of German positions
Manning, Sidney E.Sidney E. Manning Army E-04Corporal near Breuvannes, France Jul 28, 1918 Took command of his platoon and, although repeatedly wounded, led his men forward
PatrickMcgunigal.jpg McGunigal, PatrickPatrick McGunigal Navy E-06Shipfitter First Class USS Huntington Sep 17, 1917 Rescued the pilot of a crashed observation balloon
Head and shoulders of a man in a military coat, buttoned up to the neck, with a light pack strapped to his chest. He is wearing a metal helmet with a wide brim, its chin strap tightly cinched. McMurtry, George G.George G. McMurtry Army O-03Captain Charlevaux, France Oct 2, 1918 – Oct 8, 1918 As part of the Lost Battalion, continued to lead and encourage his men despite being repeatedly wounded
Mestrovitch, James I.James I. Mestrovitch  Army E-05Sergeant Fismette, France Aug 10, 1918 Rescued a wounded officer from under heavy fire
Miles, L. WardlawL. Wardlaw Miles Army O-03Captain near Revillon, France Sep 14, 1918 Led an attack against a German trench and continued to lead after being severely wounded
Miller, Oscar F.Oscar F. Miller  Army O-04Major near Gesnes, France Sep 28, 1918 Continued to lead an attack despite being repeatedly wounded, later died of his wounds
Morelock, Sterling L.Sterling L. Morelock Army E-01Private near Exermont, France Oct 4, 1918 Led a small group in capturing a series of machine gun nests and then treated the wounded
Neibaur, Thomas C.Thomas C. Neibaur Army E-01Private near Landres-et-Saint-Georges, France Oct 16, 1918 Although wounded and cut off from his unit, helped hold off a German counterattack
O'Neill, Richard W.Richard W. O'Neill Army E-05Sergeant on the Ourcq River, France Jul 30, 1918 Continued to lead an attack despite being repeatedly wounded
Ormsbee, Jr., Francis E.Francis E. Ormsbee, Jr. Navy E-07Chief Machinist's Mate near the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida Sep 25, 1918 Rescued the gunner of a downed plane, tried unsuccessfully to rescue the pilot
Head of a young man with carefully combed hair wearing a dark military tunic with an oak leaf emblem and bar on the upright collar. Osborne, Weedon E.Weedon E. Osborne  Navy O-02Lieutenant, Junior Grade Bouresches, France Jun 6, 1918 Killed while rescuing wounded men from under heavy fire
O'Shea, Thomas E.Thomas E. O'Shea  Army E-04Corporal near Le Catelet, France Sep 29, 1918 Killed while attempting to rescue the crew of a disabled tank along with J.C. Latham and Alan L. Eggers
Parker, Samuel I.Samuel I. Parker Army O-01Second Lieutenant near Soissons, France Jul 18, 1918 – Jul 19, 1918 Led an attack which captured a German strong point, continued to lead after being wounded
Peck, Archie A.Archie A. Peck Army E-01Private Forest of Argonne, France Oct 6, 1918 Rescued two wounded men from under heavy fire
Perkins, Michael J.Michael J. Perkins  Army E-02Private First Class Belleu Bois, France Oct 27, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a pillbox
Orlando Petty.jpg Petty, Orlando H.Orlando H. Petty Naval Reserve O-03Lieutenant Bois-de-Belleau, France Jun 11, 1918 Tended the wounded despite artillery and gas attacks, even after his gas mask was rendered useless
Head of a young man with neatly combed and parted hair wearing a military cadet's jacket, with cords running horizontally across the chest and a high, stiff collar. Pike, Emory JenisonEmory Jenison Pike  Army O-05Lieutenant Colonel near Vandières, France Sep 15, 1918 Continued to lead after being mortally wounded while aiding an injured soldier
Head and shoulders of a clean cut man in military uniform with four medals hanging from ribbons on his chest and a garrison cap. Pope, Thomas A.Thomas A. Pope Army E-04Corporal Hamel, France Jul 4, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun nest
Head and shoulders of a square-jawed young man with short, light, hair, which stands straight up in the front. He is wearing a military jacket with breast pockets and a row of buttons down the center. Pruitt, John H.John H. Pruitt  Marine Corps E-04Corporal Blanc Mont Ridge, France Oct 3, 1918 Single-handedly captured two machine guns and forty prisoners[n 1]
Regan, PatrickPatrick Regan Army O-01Second Lieutenant Bois-de-Consenvoye, France Oct 8, 1918 Led his platoon in the capture of a machine gun nest and continued to lead after being wounded
Head and torso of a man turned in his chair, his right arm lying stiffly on the arm rest in front of him. He is wearing a military uniform with a strap diagonally across the chest, a winged emblem on his left breast, and a garrison cap. Rickenbacker, Edward V.Edward V. Rickenbacker Air Service O-02First Lieutenant near Billy-sous-les-Côtes, France Sep 25, 1918 Attacked seven German planes, shooting down two
Headshot published in Mid-Week Pictorial. Robb, George S.George S. Robb Army O-02First Lieutenant near Séchault, France Sep 29, 1918 – Sep 30, 1918 Continued to lead despite being repeatedly wounded
Roberts, Harold W.Harold W. Roberts  Army E-04Corporal Montrebeau Woods, France Oct 4, 1918 Drowned after pushing another man to safety when their tank fell into a water-filled shell hole
Gunnery Sergeant Robert G. Robinson, USMC.jpg Robinson, Robert G.Robert G. Robinson Marine Corps E-07Gunnery Sergeant over Pittham, Belgium Oct 8, 1918 and
Oct 14, 1918
Continued to fire his weapon after being severely wounded in an aerial battle against twelve German planes
Sampler, Samuel M.Samuel M. Sampler Army E-04Corporal near Saint-Étienne-à-Arnes, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun nest
Head and shoulders of a stern faced man in a military uniform with breast pockets, shoulder straps, and garrison cap. Sandlin, WillieWillie Sandlin Army E-05Sergeant Bois-de-Forges, France Sep 26, 1918 Single-handedly attacked three machine gun nests
Sawelson, WilliamWilliam Sawelson  Army E-05Sergeant Grandpré, Ardennes, France Oct 26, 1918 Killed while aiding a wounded man under heavy fire
Schaffner, Dwite H.Dwite H. Schaffner Army O-02First Lieutenant near St. Hubert's Pavilion, Boureuilles, France Sep 28, 1918 Led his men in a defense against German counterattacks, personally captured a German officer and extracted information from him
Head of a man wearing a dark jacket and tie and a peaked cap with an anchor and "USN" emblem on the front. Schmidt, Jr., OscarOscar Schmidt, Jr. Navy E-07Chief Gunner's Mate USS Chestnut Hill Oct 9, 1918 Rescued a wounded man from the water and attempted to rescue another
A white marble headstone with a cross, "LLOYD M. SEIBERT", a medal, then "MEDAL OF HONOR" "CWO" "US ARMY" "WORLD WAR I" "MAY 23 1889" "OCT 15 1972" "SS PH" Seibert, Lloyd M.Lloyd M. Seibert Army E-05Sergeant near Épinonville, France Sep 26, 1918 Although ill, led his men in an attack on a machine gun and continued to lead after being wounded
Siegel, John O.John O. Siegel Navy E-05Boatswain's Mate Second Class USS Mohawk Nov 1, 1918 Rescued two men from a burning vessel before being trapped and collapsing from the smoke
Head and shoulders of a man in military uniform with a strap diagonally across the chest, a line of buttons down the middle of the jacket, and a garrison cap. Skinker, Alexander R.Alexander R. Skinker  Army O-03Captain Cheppy, France Sep 26, 1918 Killed while leading two other men in an attack on German pillboxes
Head and shoulders of a young man in a military uniform with an array of medals on his chest and a garrison cap with a "US" button. Slack, Clayton K.Clayton K. Slack Army E-01Private near Consenvoye, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a group of German soldiers
Smith, Fred E.Fred E. Smith  Army O-05Lieutenant Colonel near Binarville, France Sep 29, 1918 Drew German fire onto himself so his men could find cover, retrieved a supply of grenades and was mortally wounded while planning a counterattack
Head and shoulders of a man in military uniform with a line of large buttons down the middle of his jacket, two medals hanging from ribbons on his chest, and a peaked cap with an eagle, globe, and anchor emblem on the front. An image of a star-shaped medal with the word "valor" is superimposed over the bottom right of the image. Stockham, Fred W.Fred W. Stockham  Marine Corps E-07Gunnery Sergeant Bois-de-Belleau, France June 13, 1918 – Jun 14, 1918 Gave his gas mask to a wounded comrade, later died of poison gas exposure
Stowers, FreddieFreddie Stowers  Army E-04Corporal near Ardeuil-et-Montfauxelles, France Sep 28, 1918 Led an attack on German positions and continued to lead after being mortally wounded
A seated man, his hands folded and resting on his knee, in military uniform with stripes on his sleeve near the wrist, oak leaf and anchor emblems on his collar, and a peaked cap. Sullivan, Daniel A. J.Daniel A. J. Sullivan Naval Reserve O-01Ensign USS Christabel May 21, 1918 Secured a group of live depth charges
Head of a young, dark-haired man in a white military coat with bright buttons and an emblem on the collar. Talbot, RalphRalph Talbot  Marine Corps O-01Second Lieutenant over Pittham, Belgium Oct 8, 1918 and
Oct 14, 1918
With gunner Robert G. Robinson, shot down one plane in an aerial battle against twelve German aircraft
Talley, Edward R.Edward R. Talley Army E-05Sergeant near Ponchaux, France Oct 7, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and silenced a machine gun
Head and shoulders of a middle-aged man, with receding hairline, in a dark turtleneck sweater. Thompson, Joseph H.Joseph H. Thompson Army O-04Major near Apremont, France Oct 1, 1918 Guided a tank towards a German machine gun nest on foot, despite intense fire
Turner, Harold L.Harold L. Turner Army E-04Corporal near Saint-Étienne-à-Arnes, France Oct 8, 1918 Single-handedly attacked and captured a German strong point
Turner, William B.William B. Turner  Army O-02First Lieutenant near Ronssoy, France Sep 27, 1918 Killed while leading his men in a series of attacks despite being wounded
Upton, Frank M.Frank M. Upton Navy O-01Ensign USS Stewart Apr 17, 1918 Dove overboard and rescued a man who was surrounded by boxes of explosives
Valente, MichaelMichael Valente Army E-01Private east of Ronssoy, France Sep 29, 1918 With another man, silenced two machine gun nests and attacked a German trench
Van Iersel, Ludovicus M. M.Ludovicus M. M. Van Iersel Army E-05Sergeant Mouzon, France Nov 9, 1918 Under heavy fire, reconnoitered a damaged bridge and swam the river to investigate German positions
Villepigue, John C.John C. Villepigue Army E-04Corporal Vaux-Andigny, France Oct 15, 1918 Single-handedly attacked a dugout and captured a machine gun nest
Waaler, ReidarReidar Waaler Army E-05Sergeant near Ronssoy, France Sep 27, 1918 Rescued two men from a burning tank under heavy fire
Ward, Calvin J.Calvin J. Ward Army E-01Private near Estrées, France Oct 8, 1918 With James Karnes, attacked and captured a machine gun nest
West, Chester H.Chester H. West Army E-07First Sergeant near Bois-de-Cheppy, France Sep 26, 1918 Single-handedly attacked a machine gun nest
Head and torso of a man wearing a metal helmet with wide brim, wire frame glasses, a military coat, and a satchel loosely strapped to his chest. Whittlesey, Charles W.Charles W. Whittlesey Army O-04Major northeast of Binarville, France Oct 2, 1918 –
Oct 7, 1918
As commander of the Lost Battalion, led his unit in holding their position and refused to surrender
Wickersham, J. HunterJ. Hunter Wickersham  Army O-01Second Lieutenant near Limey, France Sep 12, 1918 Continued to lead and fight after being mortally wounded
Wold, NelsNels Wold  Army E-01Private near Cheppy, France Sep 26, 1918 With another soldier, silenced four machine gun nests, killed while attacking a fifth
Head and shoulders of a man in military uniform wearing the Medal of Honor. Woodfill, SamuelSamuel Woodfill Army O-02First Lieutenant Cunel, France Oct 12, 1918 Supported by his company, attacked and silenced three machine gun nests
Head and shoulders of a man in military uniform with combed back hair and a neatly trimmed mustache. Three medals hang from ribbons on his chest. York, Alvin C.Alvin C. York Army E-04Corporal near Chatel-Chéhéry, France Oct 8, 1918 Took command of his platoon and led an attack on a machine gun nest

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Received both the Army and Navy versions of the Medal of Honor for the same action; one of nineteen people to receive two Medals of Honor
  2. ^ Served under the name Charles F. Hoffman

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
General
Inline
  1. ^ Willmott 2003, p. 10
  2. ^ Willmott 2003, p. 307
  3. ^ Spencer Tucker, Laura Matysek Wood, Justin D. Murphy (1999). The European powers in the First World War: an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-8153-3351-7. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  4. ^ Brands 1997, p. 756
  5. ^ Barker, Ralph (2002). The Royal Flying Corps in World War I. Robinson. ISBN 978-1-84119-470-7. 
  6. ^ Owens 2004, pp. 95–98
  7. ^ "Medal of Honor statistics". United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Double Recipients". Congressional Medal of Honor Society. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  9. ^ Owens 2004, p. 94
  10. ^ "History of the Medal of Honor". Congressional Medal of Honor Society. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  11. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients: World War I". United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009. 
  12. ^ William J. Wild Bill Donovan, Major General, United States Army. Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved on 2012-08-27.