List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 11th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 11th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 11th Congress (March 4, 1809 – March 3, 1811). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 11th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. Two Speakership ballots were held on May 22, 1809 and Joseph B. Varnum (DR-MA) was re-elected for a second consecutive term.[2]

Candidate 1st Ballot 2nd Ballot
Joseph B. Varnum (DR-MA) 60 65
Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) 36 45
Timothy Pitkin (F-CT) 20 6
Charles Goldsborough (F-MD) 1 1
Benjamin Howard (DR-KY) 0 1
Roger Nelson (DR-MD) 1 1
blank ballots 2 0

The title Dean of the House (sometimes known, in the nineteenth century, as Father of the House) was held by the member with the longest continuous service. It was not a leadership position.

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were nine standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 11th Congress.

Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 11th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.[3]

The first session was May 22, 1809-June 28, 1809 (38 days), the second session was November 27, 1809-May 1, 1810 (156 days) and the third session was December 3, 1810-March 3, 1811 (91 days).

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Accounts 1805 3 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 *Nicholas R. Moore (DR-MD)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810 William Milnor (F-PA)
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811 Nicholas R. Moore (DR-MD)
02 Claims 1794 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 Richard M. Johnson (DR-KY)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811 Erastus Root (DR-NY)
03 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 *Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR-VA)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811
04 District of Columbia 1808 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 John Love (DR-VA)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811 Archibald Van Horne (DR-MD)
05 Elections 1789 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 *William Findley (DR-PA)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811
06 Post Office and Post Roads 1808 17 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 *John Rhea (DR-TN)
16 November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811
07 Public Lands 1805 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 *Jeremiah Morrow (DR-OH)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811
08 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 Henry Southard (DR-NJ)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811
09 Ways and Means 1802 7 May 23, 1809-June 28, 1809 John W. Eppes (DR-VA)
November 28, 1809-May 1, 1810
December 6, 1810-March 3, 1811

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 142 members initially elected to the 11th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.

One Representative-elect was not sworn in, as he did not qualify before he resigned. The list below includes the Representative-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority he would have held if he had been sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Ten consecutive terms
001 Nathaniel Macon DR NC-6 March 4, 1791 (A) 1791-95. Dean of the House.
Eight consecutive terms
002 Joseph B. Varnum DR MA-4 March 4, 1795 Speaker of the House
003 Samuel W. Dana F CT-al January 3, 1797 Resigned to become US Senator: May 10, 1810
Eight non-consecutive terms
004 William Findley DR PA-8 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1791-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Chairman: Elections.
Seven consecutive terms
005 Matthew Clay DR VA-14 March 4, 1797 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
006 John Dawson DR VA-10
007 Richard Stanford DR NC-8
008 Robert Brown DR PA-2 December 4, 1798
Seven non-consecutive terms
009 John Clopton DR VA-22 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1809.
010 John Smilie DR PA-9 March 4, 1799 Previously served (A) 1793-95
011 Richard Winn DR SC-5 January 24, 1803 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97
Six consecutive terms
012 Willis Alston DR NC-2 March 4, 1799
013 John Davenport F CT-al
014 Edwin Gray DR VA-19 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
015 John Randolph DR VA-15
Six non-consecutive terms
016 David Bard DR PA-4 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1795-99
017 James Holland DR NC-11 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-97. Last term.
018 Matthew Lyon DR KY-1 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR-VT) 1797-1801. Last term.
Five consecutive terms
019 William Butler DR SC-2 March 4, 1801
020 John Campbell F MD-1 Last term
021 William Helms DR NJ-al
022 Thomas Moore DR SC-7
023 Thomas Newton, Jr. DR VA-20 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures.
024 John Smith DR VA-3 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
025 Henry Southard DR NJ-al Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business. Last term until 14th Congress.
026 Killian K. Van Rensselaer F NY-7 Last term
027 Richard Cutts DR MA-14 June 22, 1801
028 Benjamin Tallmadge F CT-al September 21, 1801
Five non-consecutive terms
029 Walter Jones DR VA-8 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1797-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Last term.
Four consecutive terms
030 Martin Chittenden F VT-4 March 4, 1803
031 John W. Eppes DR VA-16 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Chairman: Ways and Means. Last term until 13th Congress.
032 Peterson Goodwyn DR VA-18 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
033 John G. Jackson DR VA-1 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Resigned September 28, 1810. Last term until 13th Congress.
034 Joseph Lewis, Jr. F VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
035 Nicholas R. Moore DR MD-5 Chairman: Accounts (1809 and 1810–11). Last term until 13th Congress.
036 Jeremiah Morrow DR OH-al Chairman: Public Lands
037 John Rea DR PA-7 Last term until 13th Congress
038 John Rhea DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: May 4–5, 1809. Washington District. Chairman: Post Office and Post Roads.
039 Ebenezer Seaver DR MA-13
040 William Stedman F MA-11 Resigned July 16, 1810
041 Samuel Taggart F MA-6
042 Roger Nelson DR MD-4 November 6, 1804 Resigned May 14, 1810
Three consecutive terms
043 Burwell Bassett DR VA-12 March 4, 1805 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
044 Orchard Cook DR MA-16 Last term
045 William Ely F MA-5
046 Charles Goldsborough F MD-8
047 Robert Marion DR SC-1 Resigned December 4, 1810
048 Jonathan O. Moseley F CT-al
049 Gurdon S. Mumford DR NY-2 Last term
050 Josiah Quincy F MA-1
051 Thomas Kenan DR NC-5 August 8, 1805 Last term
052 Timothy Pitkin F CT-al September 16, 1805
053 Lewis B. Sturges F CT-al
054 Samuel Smith DR PA-11 November 7, 1805 Last term
055 Robert Whitehill DR PA-4
056 Dennis Smelt DR GA-al September 1, 1806 Last term
057 William A. Burwell DR VA-13 December 1, 1806 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
058 John Porter DR PA-1 December 8, 1806 Last term
059 William W. Bibb DR GA-al January 26, 1807
Three non-consecutive terms
060 Thomas Sammons DR NY-9 March 4, 1809 Previously served (DR) 1803-07
061 John Thompson DR NY-8 March 4, 1807 Previously served (DR) 1799-1801. Last term.
062 Adam Boyd DR NJ-al March 8, 1808 Previously served (DR) 1803-05
Two consecutive terms
063 Lemuel J. Alston DR SC-8 March 4, 1807 Last term
064 Epaphroditus Champion F CT-al
065 Howell Cobb DR GA-al
066 Joseph Desha DR KY-6
067 Meshack Franklin DR NC-12
068 Barent Gardenier F NY-5 Last term
069 Benjamin Howard DR KY-5 Resigned April 10, 1810
070 Robert Jenkins F PA-3 Last term
071 Richard M. Johnson DR KY-4 Chairman: Claims (1809–10)
072 Philip B. Key F MD-3
073 Edward S. Livermore F MA-3 Last term
074 John Love DR VA-9 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Chairman: District of Columbia (1809–10). Last term.
075 William Milnor F PA-2 Chairman: Accounts (1809–10). Last term until 14th Congress.
076 John Montgomery DR MD-6
077 Thomas Newbold DR NJ-al
078 Wilson C. Nicholas DR VA-21 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Resigned November 27, 1809.
079 Matthias Richards DR PA-3 Last term
080 Lemuel Sawyer DR NC-1
081 John Taylor DR SC-4 Resigned, to become US Senator: December 30, 1810
082 George M. Troup DR GA-al
083 Jabez Upham F MA-10 Resigned 1810
084 Archibald Van Horne DR MD-2 Chairman: District of Columbia (1810–11). Last term.
085 Joseph Calhoun DR SC-6 June 2, 1807 Last term
086 Ezekiel Bacon DR MA-12 September 16, 1807
087 Nicholas Van Dyke F DE-al October 6, 1807 Last term
088 Samuel Shaw DR VT-1 September 6, 1808
089 Thomas Gholson, Jr. DR VA-17 November 7, 1808
090 Richard Jackson, Jr. F RI-al November 11, 1808
091 Benjamin Say DR PA-1 November 16, 1808 Resigned June 1809
Two non-consecutive terms
092 William Chamberlain F VT-3 March 4, 1809 Previously served (F) 1803-05. Last term.
093 William Kennedy DR NC-3 Previously served (DR) 1803-05. Last term until seated in 12th Congress.
094 Erastus Root DR NY-12 Previously served (DR) 1803-05. Chairman: Claims (1810–11). Last term until 14th Congress.
095 John Stanly F NC-4 Previously served (F) 1801-03. Last term.
096 James Stephenson F VA-2 Previously served 1803-05. Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Last term until 17th Congress.
097 Uri Tracy DR NY-13 Previously served (DR) 1805-07
098 Elisha R. Potter F RI-al Previously served (F) November 15, 1796–97
One term
099 William Anderson DR PA-1 March 4, 1809
100 William Baylies F MA-7 Unseated, after election contest: June 28, 1809. Only term until 13th Congress.
101 Daniel Blaisdell F NH-al Only term
102 James Breckinridge F VA-5 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
103 John Brown DR MD-7 Resigned: 1810
104 John C. Chamberlain F NH-al Only term
105 James Cochran DR NC-9
106 James Cox DR NJ-al Died: September 12, 1810
107 William Crawford DR PA-1
108 Henry Crist DR KY-3 Only term
109 William Denning DR NY-2 Resigned, as Representative-elect: c. February 1810 [4]
110 James Emott F NY-4
111 Jonathan Fisk DR NY-3 Only term until 13th Congress.
112 Barzillai Gannett DR MA-17
113 Gideon Gardner DR MA-8 Only term
114 Thomas R. Gold F NY-11
115 William Hale F NH-al Only term until 13th Congress
116 Nathaniel A. Haven F NH-al Only term
117 Daniel Hiester DR PA-3
118 Jonathan H. Hubbard F VT-2
119 Jacob Hufty DR NJ-al
120 Herman Knickerbocker F NY-6 Only term
121 Robert L. Livingston F NY-6
122 Aaron Lyle DR PA-10
123 Vincent Mathews F NY-14 Only term
124 Archibald McBryde F NC-7
125 Samuel McKee DR KY-2
126 Alexander McKim DR MD-5
127 Pleasant M. Miller DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: May 4–5, 1809. Hamilton District. Only term.
128 John Nicholson DR NY-10 Only term
129 Joseph Pearson F NC-10
130 Benjamin Pickman, Jr. F MA-2 Only term
131 Peter B. Porter DR NY-15
132 John Roane DR VA-11 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
133 John Ross DR PA-2 Only term until 14th Congress
134 Ebenezer Sage DR NY-1
135 Daniel Sheffey F VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 1809
136 George Smith DR PA-5
137 Jacob Swoope F VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 1809. Only term.
138 Robert Weakley DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: May 4–5, 1809. Mero District. Only term.
139 Laban Wheaton F MA-9
140 Ezekiel Whitman F MA-15 Only term until 15th Congress
141 James Wilson F NH-al Only term
142 Robert Witherspoon DR SC-3
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress [5]
... Charles Turner, Jr. DR MA-7 June 28, 1809 Seated after election contest
... Adam Seybert DR PA-1 October 10, 1809 Special election
... David S. Garland DR VA-21 January 17, 1810 Special election: December 1809. Only term.
... William T. Barry DR KY-5 August 8, 1810 Special election: August 6, 1810. Only term.
... Joseph Allen F MA-10 October 8, 1810 Special election. Only term.
... Abijah Bigelow F MA-11 Special election
... Ebenezer Huntington F CT-al October 11, 1810 Special election: September 17, 1810. Only term until 15th Congress.
... Samuel Ringgold DR MD-4 October 15, 1810 Special election: October 1, 1810
... John A. Scudder DR NJ-al October 31, 1810 Special election: October 30–31, 1810. Only term.
... Robert Wright DR MD-7 November 29, 1810 Special election: November 15, 1810
... Samuel L. Mitchill DR NY-2 December 4, 1810 Previously served (DR) 1801-November 22, 1804. Special election: April 24–26, 1810.
... William McKinley DR VA-1 December 21, 1810 Special election: November 1810. Only term.
... Langdon Cheves DR SC-1 December 31, 1810 Special election
Non voting members
a George Poindexter - MS-al March 4, 1807 Delegate from Mississippi Territory
b Julien De L. Poydras - OL-al March 4, 1809 Delegate from Orleans Territory. Only term.
c Jonathan Jennings - IN-al November 27, 1809 Delegate from Indiana Territory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, for the date of election
  3. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 11th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 40) and resignation (note 14 on page 43)
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special elections to the 11th Congress (pages 41-42)

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]