List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 14th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 14th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 14th Congress (March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 14th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. A Speakership ballot was held on December 4, 1815 and Henry Clay (DR-KY) was re-elected for a third consecutive Congress (although he had resigned on January 19, 1814 so his service had not been continuous).

The title Dean of the House (sometimes known, in the nineteenth century, as Father of the House) was held by the member with the longest continuous service. It was not a leadership position.

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were twelve standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 14th Congress. Seven additional committees were added during the Congress.

Committees, in this period, were normally appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker. However the resolution of March 30, 1816, which created the committees on departmental expenditures and Expenditures on Public Buildings, provided for those standing committees to be appointed for the whole Congress.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 14th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session (or if appropriate for the Congress), the end of the session (if appropriate) and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.[2]

The first session was December 4, 1815-April 30, 1816 (148 days) and the second session was December 2, 1816-March 3, 1817 (92 days).

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Accounts 1805 3 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 John McLean (DR-OH)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817 Peter Little (DR-MD)
02 Claims 1794 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 *Bartlett Yancey (DR-NC)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
03 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 *Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR-VA)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
04 District of Columbia 1808 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 Henry S. Tucker (DR-VA)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
05 Elections 1789 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 John W. Taylor (DR-NY)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
06 Expenditures in the Navy Department 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 Stevenson Archer (DR-MD)
07 Expenditures in the Post Office Department 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 Newton Cannon (DR-TN)
08 Expenditures in the State Department 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 John B. Yates (DR-NY)
09 Expenditures in the Treasury Department 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 Samuel Smith (DR-MD)
10 Expenditures in the War Department 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 Erastus Root (DR-NY)
11 Expenditures on Public Buildings 1816 3 March 30, 1816-March 3, 1817 Lewis Condict (DR-NJ)
12 Judiciary 1813 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 Hugh Nelson (DR-VA)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
13 Pensions and Revolutionary Claims 1813 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 *John J. Chappell (DR-SC)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
14 Post Office and Post Roads 1808 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 Samuel D. Ingham (DR-PA)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
15 Private Land Claims 1816 5 December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817 Solomon P. Sharp (DR-KY)
16 Public Expenditures 1814 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 William H. Murfree (DR-NC)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817 Israel Pickens (DR-NC)
17 Public Lands 1805 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 Thomas B. Robertson (DR-LA)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
18 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 Lewis Condict (DR-NJ)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817
19 Ways and Means 1802 7 December 6, 1815-April 30, 1816 William Lowndes (DR-SC)
December 3, 1816-March 3, 1817

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 182 members initially elected to the 14th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number (except for the representative from the newly admitted state of Indiana, who is assigned the number 183).

Ten representatives-elect were not sworn in. Five of them died, three resigned and two did not qualify and were unseated after an election challenge. In addition Henry Clay (DR-KY) had his seat declared vacant, as he undertook a diplomatic task inconsistent with being a congressman. However, Henry Clay was re-elected to fill the vacancy and so was able to be sworn in. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Thirteen consecutive terms
001 Nathaniel Macon DR NC-6 March 4, 1791 (A) 1791-95. Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Dean of the House (1815). Resigned, to become US Senator: December 13, 1815.
Eleven non-consecutive terms
002 William Findley DR PA-11 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1791-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Last term.
Ten consecutive terms
003 Richard Stanford DR NC-8 March 4, 1797 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Dean of the House (1815–16). Died April 9, 1816.
Ten non-consecutive terms
004 John Clopton DR VA-23 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Died September 11, 1816.
Nine consecutive terms
005 John Davenport F CT-al March 4, 1799 Dean of the House (1816–17). Last term.
Nine non-consecutive terms
006 David Bard DR PA-9 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Died, as Representative-elect: March 12, 1815.[3]
007 Matthew Clay DR VA-15 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1797-1813. Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Died, as Representative-elect: May 27, 1815.[4]
Eight consecutive terms
008 Thomas Newton, Jr. DR VA-21 March 4, 1801 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures.
009 Benjamin Tallmadge F CT-al September 21, 1801 Last term
Eight non-consecutive terms
010 John Randolph DR VA-16 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1799-1813. Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term until 16th Congress.
Seven consecutive terms
011 Peterson Goodwyn DR VA-19 March 4, 1803 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
012 Joseph Lewis, Jr. F VA-8 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term.
013 Samuel Taggart F MA-6 Last term
Six consecutive terms
014 Charles Goldsborough F MD-8 March 4, 1805 Last term
015 Jonathan O. Moseley F CT-al
016 Timothy Pitkin F CT-al September 16, 1805
017 Lewis B. Sturges F CT-al Last term
018 William A. Burwell DR VA-14 December 1, 1806 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
Six non-consecutive terms
019 Nicholas R. Moore DR MD-5 March 4, 1813 Previously served (DR) 1803-11. Resigned, as Representative-elect: 1815 or 1816.[5]
020 Thomas Moore DR SC-8 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1801-13. Last term.
021 Henry Southard DR NJ-al Previously served (DR) 1801-11
022 John G. Jackson DR VA-1 March 4, 1813 Previously served (DR) 1803-September 28, 1810. Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term
Five consecutive terms
023 Epaphroditus Champion F CT-al March 4, 1807 Last term
024 Joseph Desha DR KY-4
025 Richard M. Johnson DR KY-3
026 Thomas Gholson, Jr. DR VA-18 November 7, 1808 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Died July 4, 1816.
Five non-consecutive terms
027 Burwell Bassett DR VA-13 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1805-13. Elected to this Congress: April 1815.
028 Joseph Hiester DR PA-7 Previously served (DR) December 1, 1798 – 1805
Four consecutive terms
029 James Breckinridge F VA-5 March 4, 1809 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term.
030 William Crawford DR PA-5 Last term
031 Aaron Lyle DR PA-12
032 Samuel McKee DR KY-7
033 Daniel Sheffey F VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term.
034 Laban Wheaton F MA-10 Last term
035 Robert Wright DR MD-7 November 29, 1810 Last term until 17th Congress
Four non-consecutive terms
036 Benjamin Huger F SC-3 March 4, 1815 Previously served (F) 1799-1805. Last term.
037 John Sevier DR TN-2 March 4, 1811 Previously served (NC-P) June 16, 1790-91. Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Died, as Representative-elect: September 24, 1815.[6]
038 John Culpepper F NC-7 March 4, 1813 Previously served (F) 1807-January 2, 1808 and February 23, 1808-09. Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Last term until 16th Congress.
Three consecutive terms
039 Elijah Brigham F MA-11 March 4, 1811 Died: February 22, 1816
040 John C. Calhoun DR SC-6
041 Lewis Condict DR NJ-al Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business. Chairman: Expenditures on Public Buildings. Last term until 17th Congress.
042 Bolling Hall DR GA-al Last term
043 Aylett Hawes DR VA-10 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term.
044 William R. King DR NC-5 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Resigned: November 4, 1816.
045 Lyman Law F CT-al Last term
046 William Lowndes DR SC-2 Chairman: Ways and Means
047 William McCoy DR VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
048 Hugh Nelson DR VA-22 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Chairman: Judiciary.
049 Israel Pickens DR NC-12 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Chairman: Public Expenditures (1816–17). Last term.
050 William Piper DR PA-8 Last term
051 James Pleasants DR VA-17 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
052 Philip Stuart F MD-1
053 Stevenson Archer DR MD-6 October 26, 1811 Chairman: Expenditures in the Navy Department (1816–17). Last term until 16th Congress.
054 Henry Clay DR KY-2 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1811-January 19, 1814. Seat declared vacant, as Representative-elect: 1815. Last term until re-elected to 14th Congress.
055 Thomas B. Robertson DR LA-al April 30, 1812 Chairman: Public Lands
056 John P. Hungerford DR VA-9 March 4, 1813 Previously served (DR) March 4-November 29, 1811. Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Last term.
057 Thomas P. Grosvenor F NY-5 January 29, 1813 Last term
Three non-consecutive terms
058 George Baer, Jr. F MD-4 March 4, 1815 Previously served (F) 1797-1801. Last term.
059 Jonathan Fisk DR NY-6 March 4, 1813 Previously served (DR) 1809-11. Resigned, as Representative-elect: March 1815.
060 Thomas R. Gold F NY-16 March 4, 1815 Previously served (F) 1809-13. Last term.
061 William Hale F NH-al March 4, 1813 Previously served (F) 1809-11. Last term.
062 William Milnor F PA-1 March 4, 1815 Previously served 1807-11. Last term until 17th Congress.
063 Peter B. Porter DR NY-21 Previously served (DR) 1809-13. Resigned: January 23, 1816.
064 Stephen Ormsby DR KY-8 April 20, 1813 Previously served (DR) 1811-13. Last term.
065 William Baylies F MA-8 March 4, 1813 Previously served (F) March 4-June 28, 1809. Last term until 23rd Congress.
Two consecutive terms
066 John Alexander DR OH-2 March 4, 1813 Last term
067 George Bradbury F MA-15
068 James Caldwell DR OH-4
069 John J. Chappell DR SC-4 Chairman: Pensions and Revolutionary Claims. Last term.
070 Bradbury Cilley F NH-al Last term
071 James Clark DR KY-1 Resigned 1816. Last term until 19th Congres.
072 Oliver C. Comstock DR NY-20
073 Thomas Cooper F DE-al Last term
074 John Forsyth DR GA-al
075 William Gaston F NC-4 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Last term.
076 Hugh Glasgow DR PA-4 Last term
077 Alexander C. Hanson F MD-3 Resigned, as Representative-elect: October 1816
078 Samuel D. Ingham DR PA-6 Chairman: Post Office and Post Roads
079 Jared Irwin DR PA-10 Last term
080 James Johnson DR VA-20 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
081 Moss Kent F NY-18 Last term
082 James Kilbourne DR OH-5
083 Cyrus King F MA-14
084 John Lovett F NY-9
085 John McLean DR OH-1 Chairman: Accounts (1815–16). Resigned 1816.
086 Hosea Moffitt F NY-10 Last term
087 William H. Murfree DR NC-1 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Chairman: Public Expenditures (1815–16). Last term.
088 Timothy Pickering F MA-3 Last term
089 John Reed, Jr. F MA-9 Last term until 17th Congress
090 Nathaniel Ruggles F MA-13
091 Solomon P. Sharp DR KY-6 Chairman: Private Land Claims (1816–17). Last term.
092 William S. Smith F NY-17 Unseated, as Representative-elect, on election contest: December 13, 1815.
093 John W. Taylor DR NY-11 Chairman: Elections
094 Thomas Telfair DR GA-al Last term
095 Roger Vose F NH-al Last term
096 Artemas Ward, Jr. F MA-1
097 Thomas Ward DR NJ-al
098 Daniel Webster F NH-al
099 Jeduthun Wilcox F NH-al
100 Bartlett Yancey DR NC-9 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Chairman: Claims. Last term.
101 William Creighton, Jr. DR OH-3 May 4, 1813 Last term until 20th Congress
102 Thomas Wilson DR PA-15 Last term
103 Isaac Griffin DR PA-13 May 24, 1813
104 Alfred Cuthbert DR GA-al December 13, 1813 Resigned: November 9, 1816. Last term until 17th Congress.
105 William Irving DR NY-2 January 22, 1814
106 Newton Cannon DR TN-5 September 16, 1814 Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Chairman: Expenditures in the Post Office Department (1816–17). Last term until 16th Congress.
107 Philip P. Barbour DR VA-11 September 19, 1814 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
108 John W. Hulbert F MA-7 September 26, 1814 Last term
109 David Clendenin DR OH-6 October 11, 1814
Two non-consecutive terms
110 Jeremiah Nelson F MA-3 March 4, 1815 Previously served (F) 1805-07
111 Benjamin Pond DR NY-12 Previously served (DR) 1811-13. Died, as Representative-elect: October 6, 1814.
112 John Ross DR PA-6 Previously served (DR) 1809-11
113 William Pinkney DR MD-5 Previously served (P) March 4-November, 1791. Resigned April 18, 1816.
One term
114 John Adams DR NY-8 March 4, 1815 Unseated, as Representative-elect, after election contest: December 26, 1815. Only term until 23rd Congress.
115 Charles H. Atherton F NH-al Only term
116 Ezra Baker DR NJ-al
117 Ephraim Bateman DR NJ-al
118 Benjamin Bennet DR NJ-al
119 Samuel R. Betts DR NY-7 Only term
120 James Birdsall DR NY-15
121 Victory Birdseye DR NY-19 Only term until 27th Congress
122 John L. Boss, Jr. F RI-al
123 Micah Brooks DR NY-21 Only term
124 Benjamin Brown F MA-16
125 Joseph H. Bryan DR NC-2 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815
126 Daniel Cady F NY-14 Only term
127 James Carr F MA-17
128 Daniel Chipman F VT-al Resigned May 5, 1816
129 James W. Clark DR NC-3 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Only term.
130 Thomas Clayton F DE-al Only term
131 Samuel S. Conner DR MA-19
132 Henry Crocheron DR NY-1
133 William Darlington DR PA-2 Only term until 16th Congress
134 Amos Ellmaker DR PA-3 Resigned as Representative-elect: July 3, 1815 [7]
135 Daniel M. Forney DR NC-11 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815
136 John Hahn DR PA-2 Only term
137 Jabez D. Hammond DR NY-15
138 Benjamin Hardin DR KY-10 Only term until 16th Congress
139 Bennett H. Henderson DR TN-4 Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Only term.
140 John C. Herbert F MD-2
141 Joseph Hopkinson F PA-1
142 Luther Jewett F VT-al Only term
143 Chauncey Langdon F VT-al
144 William C. Love DR NC-10 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815. Only term.
145 Wilson Lumpkin DR GA-al Only term until 20th Congress
146 Asa Lyon F VT-al Only term
147 William Maclay DR PA-5
148 Charles Marsh F VT-al Only term
149 James B. Mason F RI-al
150 William Mayrant DR SC-9 Resigned October 21, 1816
151 Alney McLean DR KY-5 Only term until 16th Congress
152 Henry Middleton DR SC-1
153 Elijah H. Mills F MA-5
154 John Noyes F VT-al Only term
155 Albion K. Parris DR MA-20
156 Samuel Powell DR TN-1 Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Only term.
157 James B. Reynolds DR TN-6 Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Only term until 18th Congress.
158 Thomas Rice F MA-18
159 William H. Roane DR VA-12 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Only term.
160 John Savage DR NY-12
161 Abraham H. Schenck DR NY-4 Only term
162 Ballard Smith DR VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 1815
163 Thomas Smith F PA-1 Only term
164 Asahel Stearns F MA-4
165 Solomon Strong F MA-12
166 Magnus Tate F VA-2 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Only term.
167 Micah Taul DR KY-9 Only term
168 John Taylor DR SC-7
169 Isaac Thomas DR TN-3 Elected to this Congress: August 3–4, 1815. Only term.
170 Enos T. Throop DR NY-20 Resigned: June 4, 1816
171 George Townsend DR NY-1
172 Henry S. Tucker DR VA-3 Elected to this Congress: April 1815. Chairman: District of Columbia.
173 Jonathan Ward DR NY-3 Only term
174 Peter H. Wendover DR NY-2
175 John Whiteside DR PA-3
176 Richard H. Wilde DR GA-al Only term until 18th Congress
177 Jonathan Williams F PA-1 Died, as Representative-elect: May 16, 1815 [8]
178 Lewis Williams DR NC-13 Elected to this Congress: August 10, 1815
179 William Wilson DR PA-10
180 John Woods F PA-14 Only term
181 William Woodward DR SC-5
182 John B. Yates DR NY-13 Chairman: Expenditures in the State Department (1816–17). Only term.
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress [9]
... Asa Adgate DR NY-12 June 7, 1815 Special election: April 25–27, 1815. Last term.
... James W. Wilkin DR NY-6 Special election: April 25–27, 1815
... Thomas Burnside DR PA-9 October 10, 1815 Special election. Resigned: April 1816.
... John Sergeant F PA-1 Special election
... James M. Wallace DR PA-3
... Henry Clay DR KY-2 October 30, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1811-January 19, 1814 and 1815. Special election (to replace himself). Speaker of the House.[10]
... John Kerr DR VA-15 Previously served (DR) 1813-15. Special election: October 15–16, 23, 1815. Last term.
... William G. Blount DR TN-2 December 8, 1815 Special election: December 7–8, 1815
... Westel Willoughby, Jr. DR NY-17 December 13, 1815 Seated after election contest. Only term.
... Erastus Root DR NY-8 December 26, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1803-05 and 1809-11. Seated after election contest. Chairman: Expenditures in the War Department (1816–17). Last term until 22nd Congress.
... Samuel Smith DR MD-5 January 31, 1816 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-1803. Special election: January 27, 1816. Chairman: Expenditures in the Treasury Department (1816–17).
... Weldon N. Edwards DR NC-6 February 7, 1816 Special election: January 22, 1816
... Peter Little DR MD-5 September 2, 1816 Previously served (DR) 1811-13. Special election: September 3, 1816. Chairman: Accounts (1816–17).
... Daniel Avery DR NY-20 September 30, 1816 Previously served (DR) 1811-15. Special election: August 27–29, 1816. Last term.
... George Peter F MD-3 October 7, 1816 Special election
... William H. Harrison DR OH-1 October 8, 1816 Previously served as Northwest Territory Delegate 1799-May 14, 1800. Special election.
... William P. Maclay DR PA-9 Special election
... Benjamin Adams F MA-11 December 2, 1816 Special election: August 26, 1816
... Archibald S. Clarke DR NY-21 Special election: April 30-May 2, 1816. Only term.
... Zadock Cook DR GA-al Special election
... Samuel Dickens DR NC-8 Special election: August 8, 1816. Only term.
... Thomas Fletcher DR KY-1 Special election: August 5, 1816. Only term.
... Charles Hooks DR NC-5 Special election: August 8, 1816. Only term until 16th Congress.
... Thomas M. Nelson DR VA-18 December 4, 1816 Special election: October 1816
183 William Hendricks DR IN-al December 11, 1816 First Representative from new state. Elected to this Congress: August 5, 1816.
... John Tyler DR VA-23 December 17, 1816 Special election: November 1816
... Stephen D. Miller DR SC-9 January 2, 1817 Special election: November 25–26, 1816
Non voting members
a Jonathan Jennings - IN-al November 27, 1809 Delegate from Indiana Territory. IN admitted: December 11, 1816. Last term until Representative in 17th Congress.
b William Lattimore - MS-al March 4, 1813 Delegate from Mississippi Territory. Formerly served 1803-07. Last term.
c Rufus Easton - MO-al September 17, 1814 Delegate from Missouri Territory until August 6, 1816.
d Benjamin Stephenson - IL-al November 4, 1814 Delegate from Illinois Territory until term expired. Last term.
e John Scott - MO-al August 6, 1816 Delegate from Missouri Territory until unseated: January 13, 1817.
f Nathaniel Pope - IL-al September 5, 1816 Delegate from Illinois Territory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 14th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  3. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 54) and death (note 23 on page 57)
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 55) and death (note 30 on page 57)
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 54) and resignation (note 4 on page 57)
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 55) and death (note 29 on page 57)
  7. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 54) and resignation (note 22 on page 57)
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 54) and death (note 20 on page 57)
  9. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special elections to the 14th Congress (pages 55-56)
  10. ^ Not mentioned in United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, but see Henry Clay's article in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]