List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 15th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 15th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 15th Congress (March 4, 1817–March 3, 1819). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 15th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4th March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. A Speakership ballot was held on December 1, 1817 and Henry Clay (DR-KY) was re-elected for a fourth consecutive Congress (although he had resigned, during the 13th Congress on January 19, 1814, so his service had not been continuous). Henry Clay received 143 votes, Samuel Smith (DR-MD) received 6 and 1 was blank. [2]

The title Dean of the House (sometimes known, in the nineteenth century, as Father of the House) was held by the member with the longest continuous service. It was not a leadership position.

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were nineteen standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 15th Congress. No additional committees were added during the Congress.

Committees, in this period, were normally appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker. However the resolution of March 30, 1816, which created the committees on departmental expenditures and Expenditures on Public Buildings, provided for those standing committees to be appointed for the whole Congress.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 15th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session (or if appropriate for the Congress), the end of the session (if appropriate) and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *. [3]

The first session was December 1, 1817-April 20, 1818 (141 days) and the second session was November 16, 1818-March 3, 1819 (108 days).

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Accounts 1805 3 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *Peter Little (DR-MD)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
02 Claims 1794 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 Lewis Williams (DR-NC)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
03 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR-VA)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
04 District of Columbia 1808 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 John C. Herbert (F-MD)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
05 Elections 1789 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *John W. Taylor (DR-NY)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
06 Expenditures in the Navy Department 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 James Pleasants (DR-VA)
07 Expenditures in the Post Office Department 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 Samuel D. Ingham (DR-PA) (a)
08 Expenditures in the State Department 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 John Forsyth (DR-GA) (b)
09 Expenditures in the Treasury Department 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 William Lowndes (DR-SC)
10 Expenditures in the War Department 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 Richard M. Johnson (DR-KY)
11 Expenditures on Public Buildings 1816 3 December 3, 1817-March 3, 1819 Henry S. Tucker (DR-VA)
12 Judiciary 1813 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *Hugh Nelson (DR-VA)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
13 Pensions and Revolutionary Claims 1813 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 John Rhea (DR-TN)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
14 Post Office and Post Roads 1808 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *Samuel D. Ingham (DR-PA)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819 Arthur Livermore (DR-NH)
15 Private Land Claims 1816 5 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 Samuel Herrick (DR-OH)
7 November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819 George Robertson (DR-KY)
16 Public Expenditures 1814 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 Joseph Desha (DR-KY)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819
17 Public Lands 1805 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *Thomas B. Robertson (DR-LA)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819 George Poindexter (DR-MS)
18 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 John Savage (DR-NY)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819 John W. Taylor (DR-NY)
19 Ways and Means 1802 7 December 3, 1817-April 20, 1818 *William Lowndes (DR-SC)
November 17, 1818-March 3, 1819 Samuel Smith (DR-MD)

Note:-

  • (a) Resigned from the House: July 6, 1818. Thomas H. Hubbard (DR-NY) became Chairman for the rest of the Congress.
  • (b) Resigned from the House: November 28, 1818. Josiah Hasbrouck (DR-NY) became Chairman for the rest of the Congress.

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 183 members initially elected to the 15th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number (except for the representative from the newly admitted states of Mississippi and Illinois, who are assigned the numbers 184 and 185 respectively).

7 representatives-elect were not sworn in. 1 declined to serve (CT-al: Dennison), 4 of them died (CT-al: Backus;NY-4;NC-7;PA-10: Scott) and 2 resigned (MA-1;SC-5). The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Nine consecutive terms
001 Thomas Newton, Jr. DR VA-21 March 4, 1801 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Dean of the House. Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures.
Eight consecutive terms
002 Peterson Goodwyn DR VA-19 March 4, 1803 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Died: February 21, 1818.
Eight non-consecutive terms
003 Anthony New DR KY-5 March 4, 1817 Previously served (A-VA) 1793-95, (DR-VA) 1795-1805 and (DR-KY) 1811-13. Last term until 17th Congress.
Seven consecutive terms
004 Jonathan O. Moseley F CT-al March 4, 1805
005 Timothy Pitkin F CT-al September 16, 1805 Last term
006 William A. Burwell DR VA-14 December 1, 1806 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
Seven non-consecutive terms
007 John Rhea DR TN-1 March 4, 1817 Previously served (DR) 1803-15. Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817. Chairman: Pensions and Revolutionary Claims.
008 Henry Southard DR NJ-al March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1801-11
009 Samuel Smith DR MD-5 January 31, 1816 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-1803. Chairman: Ways and Means (1818-19).
Six consecutive terms
010 Joseph Desha DR KY-4 March 4, 1807 Chairman: Public Expenditures. Last term.
011 Richard M. Johnson DR KY-3 Chairman: Expenditures in the War Department. Last term until 21st Congress.
Six non-consecutive terms
012 Burwell Bassett DR VA-13 March 4, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1805-13. Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Last term until 17th Congress.
013 Joseph Hiester DR PA-7 Previously served (DR) December 1, 1798-1805
Four consecutive terms
014 John C. Calhoun DR SC-5 March 4, 1811 Resigned, as Representative-elect, to become Secretary of War: November 3, 1817 [4]
015 William Lowndes DR SC-9 Chairman: Ways and Means (1817-18). Chairman: Expenditures in the Treasury Department.
016 William McCoy DR VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
017 Hugh Nelson DR VA-22 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Chairman: Judiciary.
018 James Pleasants DR VA-17 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Chairman: Expenditures in the Navy Department.
019 Philip Stuart F MD-1 Last term
020 Thomas B. Robertson DR LA-al April 30, 1812 Chairman: Public Lands (1817-18). Resigned: April 20, 1818.
021 Henry Clay DR KY-2 October 30, 1815 Previously served (DR) 1811-January 19, 1814 and 1815. Speaker of the House.
Four non-consecutive terms
022 William Anderson DR PA-1 March 4, 1817 Previously served (DR) 1809-15. Last term.
023 Lemuel Sawyer DR NC-1 Previously served (DR) 1807-13. Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817.
024 Adam Seybert DR PA-1 Previously served (DR) October 10, 1809-15. Last term.
025 Elias Earle DR SC-6 Previously served (DR) September 27, 1806-07 and 1811-15
026 Samuel Ringgold DR MD-4 Previously served (DR) October 15, 1810-15
Three consecutive terms
027 Oliver C. Comstock DR NY-20 March 4, 1813 Last term
028 John Forsyth DR GA-al Chairman: Expenditures in the State Department. Resigned, to become US Senator: November 23, 1818.
029 Samuel D. Ingham DR PA-6 Chairman: Post Office and Post Roads (1817-18). Chairman: Expenditures in the Post Office Department. Resigned: July 6, 1818. Last term until 17th Congress.
030 James Johnson DR VA-20 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
031 Nathaniel Ruggles F MA-13 Last term
032 John W. Taylor DR NY-11 Chairman: Elections. Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1818-19).
033 William Irving DR NY-2 January 22, 1814 Last term
034 Philip P. Barbour DR VA-11 September 19, 1814 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
Three non-consecutive terms
035 Jeremiah Nelson F MA-3 March 4, 1815 Elected to this Congress: May 1, 1817. Previously served (F) 1805-07.
036 John Ross DR PA-6 Previously served (DR) 1809-11. Resigned: February 24, 1818.
037 Peter Little DR MD-5 September 2, 1816 Previously served (DR) 1811-13. Chairman: Accounts.
Two consecutive terms
038 Ephraim Bateman DR NJ-al March 4, 1815
039 Benjamin Bennet DR NJ-al Last term
040 John L. Boss, Jr. F RI-al
041 Joseph H. Bryan DR NC-2 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Last term.
042 Daniel M. Forney DR NC-11 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Resigned: October 6, 1818.
043 John C. Herbert F MD-2 Chairman: District of Columbia. Last term.
044 Joseph Hopkinson F PA-1 Last term
045 William Maclay DR PA-5
046 James B. Mason F RI-al
047 Henry Middleton DR SC-1
048 Elijah H. Mills F MA-5
049 Albion K. Parris DR MA-20 Resigned: February 3, 1818
050 Thomas Rice F MA-18 Elected to this Congress: December 1, 1817. Last term.
051 John Savage DR NY-12 Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1817-18). Last term.
052 Ballard Smith DR VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
053 Solomon Strong F MA-12 Last term
054 George Townsend DR NY-1
055 Henry S. Tucker DR VA-3 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Chairman: Expenditures on Public Buildings. Last term.
056 Peter H. Wendover DR NY-2
057 John Whiteside DR PA-3 Last term
058 Lewis Williams DR NC-13 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Chairman: Claims.
059 William Wilson DR PA-10 Last term
060 James W. Wilkin DR NY-6 June 7, 1815
061 John Sergeant F PA-1 October 10, 1815
062 James M. Wallace DR PA-3
063 William G. Blount DR TN-2 December 8, 1815 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817. Last term.
064 Weldon N. Edwards DR NC-6 February 7, 1816 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817
065 George Peter F MD-3 October 7, 1816 Last term until 19th Congress
066 William H. Harrison DR OH-1 October 8, 1816 Previously served as Northwest Territory Delegate 1799-May 14, 1800. Last term.
067 William P. Maclay DR PA-9
068 Benjamin Adams F MA-11 December 2, 1816
069 Zadock Cook DR GA-al Last term
070 Thomas M. Nelson DR VA-18 December 4, 1816 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Last term.
071 William Hendricks DR IN-al December 11, 1816 Elected to this Congress: August 4, 1817
072 John Tyler DR VA-23 December 17, 1816 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
073 Stephen D. Miller DR SC-8 January 2, 1817 Last term
Two non-consecutive terms
074 Clifton Clagett DR NH-al March 4, 1817 Previously served (F) 1803-05
075 Charles Rich DR VT-al Previously served (DR) 1813-15
076 Ezekiel Whitman F MA-15 Previously served (F) 1809-11
077 John Wilson F MA-17 Previously served (F) 1813-15. Last term.
078 Josiah Hasbrouck DR NY-7 Previously served (DR) April 28, 1803-05. Chairman: Expenditures in the State Department (1818-19). Last term.
079 Isaac Williams, Jr. DR NY-15 Previously served (DR) December 20, 1813-15. Last term until 18th Congress.
One term
080 Joel Abbot DR GA-al March 4, 1817
081 Heman Allen DR VT-al Resigned: April 20, 1818
082 Samuel C. Allen F MA-6
083 Richard C. Anderson, Jr. DR KY-8
084 Archibald Austin DR VA-16 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Only term.
085 Sylvanus Backus F CT-al Died as Representative-elect: February 4, 1817 [5]
086 Henry Baldwin DR PA-14
087 William L. Ball DR VA-9 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
088 Levi Barber DR OH-3 Only term until 17th Congress
089 Thomas Bayly F MD-8
090 Philemon Beecher F OH-5
091 Joseph Bellinger DR SC-3 Only term
092 Joseph Bloomfield DR NJ-al
093 Andrew Boden DR PA-5
094 Josiah Butler DR NH-al
095 John W. Campbell DR OH-2
096 Thomas Claiborne DR TN-5 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817. Only term.
097 Thomas W. Cobb DR GA-al
098 Edward Colston F VA-2 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Only term.
099 Samuel C. Crafts DR VT-al
100 Joel Crawford DR GA-al
101 Daniel Cruger DR NY-20 Only term
102 Thomas Culbreth DR MD-7
103 John P. Cushman F NY-10 Only term
104 Isaac Darlington F PA-2
105 Charles Dennison F CT-al Representative-elect who declined to serve [6]
106 John R. Drake DR NY-15 Only term
107 Benjamin Ellicott DR NY-21
108 James Ervin DR SC-2
109 John Floyd DR VA-5 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
110 Walter Folger, Jr. DR MA-9 Elected to this Congress: May 1, 1817
111 Timothy Fuller DR MA-4
112 Joshua Gage DR MA-19 Elected to this Congress: September 29, 1817. Only term.
113 Robert S. Garnett DR VA-12 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
114 Salma Hale DR NH-al Only term
115 Thomas H. Hall DR NC-3 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817
116 Willard Hall DR DE-al
117 John Herkimer DR NY-14 Only term until 18th Congress
118 Samuel Herrick DR OH-4 Chairman: Private Land Claims (1817-18)
119 Peter Hitchcock DR OH-6 Only term
120 Samuel Hogg DR TN-4 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817. Only term.
121 John Holmes DR MA-14
122 Uriel Holmes F CT-al Resigned: August 1818
123 Thomas H. Hubbard DR NY-17 Chairman: Expenditures in the Post Office Department (1818-19). Only term until 17th Congress.
124 William Hunter DR VT-al Only term
125 Francis Jones DR TN-3 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817
126 Charles Kinsey DR NJ-al Only term until 16th Congress
127 Dorrance Kirtland DR NY-8 Only term
128 Thomas Lawyer DR NY-13
129 Henry B. Lee DR NY-3 Died as Representative-elect: February 18, 1817 [7]
130 William J. Lewis DR VA-15 Elected to this Congress: April 1817. Only term.
131 John Linn DR NJ-al
132 Arthur Livermore DR NH-al Chairman: Post Office and Post Roads (1818-19)
133 James Lloyd F MA-1 Resigned as Representative-elect: October 25, 1817 [8]
134 David Marchand DR PA-11
135 George W. L. Marr DR TN-6 Elected to this Congress: August 7-8, 1817. Only term.
136 Louis McLane F DE-al
137 Alexander McMillan F NC-7 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Died as Representative-elect: November 13, 1817. [9]
138 Charles F. Mercer F VA-8 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
139 Orsamus C. Merrill DR VT-al
140 Robert Moore DR PA-15
141 Marcus Morton DR MA-10
142 George Mumford DR NC-10 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Died: December 31, 1818.
143 Wilson Nesbitt DR SC-7 Only term
144 David A. Ogden F NY-18
145 Alexander Ogle DR PA-8
146 Benjamin Orr F MA-16
147 James Owen DR NC-5 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817. Only term.
148 John Palmer DR NY-12 Only term until 25th Congress
149 John F. Parrott DR NH-al Only term
150 Thomas Patterson DR PA-12
151 Levi Pawling F PA-2 Only term
152 James Pindall F VA-1 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
153 James Porter DR NY-19 Only term
154 Tunstal Quarles DR KY-9
155 Philip Reed DR MD-6 Only term until 17th Congress
156 Mark Richards DR VT-al
157 George Robertson DR KY-7 Chairman: Private Land Claims (1818-19)
158 Zabdiel Sampson DR MA-8
159 Philip J. Schuyler F NY-5 Only term
160 David Scott DR PA-10 Resigned as Representative-elect before Congress convened [10]
161 Tredwell Scudder DR NY-1 Only term
162 Thomas Settle DR NC-9 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817
163 Henry Shaw DR MA-7
164 Samuel B. Sherwood F CT-al Only term
165 Nathaniel Silsbee DR MA-2
166 Jesse Slocumb F NC-4 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817
167 James S. Smith DR NC-8
168 Alexander Smyth DR VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
169 Jacob Spangler DR PA-4 Resigned: April 20, 1818
170 Thomas Speed DR KY-10 Only term
171 John C. Spencer DR NY-21
172 Henry R. Storrs F NY-16
173 George Strother DR VA-10 Elected to this Congress: April 1817
174 Christian Tarr DR PA-13
175 William Terrell DR GA-al
176 Caleb Tompkins DR NY-3
177 David Trimble DR KY-1
178 Starling Tucker DR SC-4
179 Nathaniel Upham DR NH-al
180 David Walker DR KY-6
181 Felix Walker DR NC-12 Elected to this Congress: August 14, 1817
182 Rensselaer Westerlo F NY-9 Only term
183 Thomas S. Williams F CT-al
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress [11]
... Ebenezer Huntington F CT-al April 3, 1817 Previously served (F) October 11, 1810-11 and 1815-17. Special election. Last term.
... Nathaniel Terry F CT-al Special election. Only term.
... James Tallmadge, Jr. DR NY-4 June 6, 1817 Special election: April 29-30, May 1, 1817. Only term.
... John Murray DR PA-10 October 14, 1817 Special election
... Jonathan Mason F MA-1 November 17, 1817
184 George Poindexter DR MS-al December 10, 1817 Formerly Delegate 1807-13. First Representative from new state. Chairman: Public Lands (1818-19). Only term.
... James Stewart F NC-7 January 5, 1818 Special election. Only term.
... Eldred Simkins DR SC-5 January 24, 1818 Special election: December 29-30, 1817
... Thomas J. Rogers DR PA-6 March 3, 1818 Special election
... John Pegram DR VA-19 April 21, 1818 Special election: April 1818. Only term.
... Samuel Moore DR PA-6 October 13, 1818 Special election
... Enoch Lincoln DR MA-20 November 4, 1818 Special election: March 16, 1818
... Thomas Butler DR LA-al November 16, 1818 Special election: July 6-8, 1818
... Sylvester Gilbert F CT-al Special election: September 21, 1818. Only term.
... Jacob Hostetter DR PA-4 Special election: March 17, 1818
... William Davidson F NC-11 December 2, 1818 Special election: November 7, 1818
185 John McLean DR IL-al December 3, 1818 First Representative from new state. Only term.
... Charles Fisher DR NC-10 February 11, 1819 Special election: January 29, 1819
... Robert R. Reid DR GA-al February 18, 1819 Special election: January 4, 1819
Non voting members
a Nathaniel Pope - IL-al September 5, 1816 Delegate from Illinois Territory until resigned: November 30, 1818
b John Scott - MO-al August 4, 1817 Delegate from Missouri Territory. Previously served (Ind) August 6, 1816-January 13, 1817.
c John Crowell - AL-al January 29, 1818 Delegate from Alabama Territory. Only term until elected Representative in 16th Congress.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, Volume 31, column 398
  3. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 15th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 60) and resignation (note 23 on page 62)
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 58) and death (note 1 on page 62)
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 58) and declination (note 2 on page 62)
  7. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 59) and death (note 18 on page 62)
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 58) and resignation (note 7 on page 62)
  9. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 60) and death (note 27 on page 63)
  10. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 60) and resignation (note 22 on page 62)
  11. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special elections to the 15th Congress (page 61)

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

See also[edit]

External links[edit]