List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 8th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 8th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 8th Congress (March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1805). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 8th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. A Speakership ballot was held on October 17, 1803 and Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) was re-elected for a second consecutive term.[2]

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were five standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 8th Congress. In addition an Accounts Committee was created.

Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 8th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.[3]

The first session was October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 (163 days) and the second session was November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805 (119 days).

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Accounts 1803 3 December 27, 1803-March 27, 1804 Peter Early (DR-GA)
November 7, 1804-March 3, 1805
02 Claims 1794 7 October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 *John C. Smith (F-CT) a
November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805
David Holmes (DR-VA)
03 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 Samuel L. Mitchill (DR-NY) b
November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805
Jacob Crowninshield (DR-MA)
04 Elections 1789 7 October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 William Findley (DR-PA)
November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805
05 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 Samuel Tenney (F-NH)
November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805
06 Ways and Means 1802 7 October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 *John Randolph (DR-VA)
November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805

Notes:-

  • a John C. Smith was excused, from service on the Claims Committee, on November 6, 1804. David Holmes was the next ranking member of the Committee (and was the Chairman in part of the 9th Congress) so it is presumed that he replaced Smith as Chairman.
  • b Samuel L. Mitchill resigned from the House on November 22, 1804. Jacob Crowninshield was the next ranking member of the Commerce and Manufactures Committee (and was the Chairman in the 9th Congress) so it is presumed that he replaced Mitchill as Chairman.

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 142 members initially elected to the 8th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.

Four Representatives-elect were not sworn in, as one died and three resigned. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Seven consecutive terms
001 Andrew Gregg DR PA-5 March 4, 1791 (A) 1791-95
002 Nathaniel Macon DR NC-6 (A) 1791-95. Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.
Speaker of the House.
Six consecutive terms
003 Anthony New DR VA-11 March 4, 1793 (A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.
Last term until 12th Congress.
004 Philip Van Cortlandt DR NY-4 (A) 1793-95
005 Peleg Wadsworth F MA-15 (P) 1793-95
Six non-consecutive terms
006 Daniel Hiester DR MD-4 March 4, 1801 Previously served (PA-A) 1789-95 and (PA-DR) 1795-July 1, 1796.
Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Died March 7, 1804.
Five consecutive terms
007 Roger Griswold F CT-al March 4, 1795 Last term (elected to 9th Congress but did not serve)
008 Joseph B. Varnum DR MA-4
009 Samuel W. Dana F CT-al January 3, 1797
Five non-consecutive terms
010 Thomas Claiborne DR VA-17 March 4, 1801 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99.
Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Last term.
011 William Findley DR PA-8 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1791-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Chairman: Elections.
012 John Milledge DR GA-al March 23, 1801 Previously served (A) November 22, 1792–93 and (DR) 1795-99.
Resigned, as Representative-elect, to become Governor:
c. November 9, 1802.[4]
Four consecutive terms
013 Matthew Clay DR VA-14 March 4, 1797 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
014 John Dawson DR VA-10
015 John Dennis F MD-8 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.
016 John Fowler DR KY-5 Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803
017 John A. Hanna DR PA-4
018 David Holmes DR VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Chairman: Claims (1804–05).
019 Richard Stanford DR NC-8 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
020 Abram Trigg DR VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
021 John J. Trigg DR VA-13 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Died May 17, 1804.
022 Joseph Hiester DR PA-3 December 1, 1798 Last term until 14th Congress
023 Robert Brown DR PA-2 December 4, 1798
Four non-consecutive terms
024 John Clopton DR VA-22 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.
025 James Gillespie DR NC-5 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99.
Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Died January 11, 1805.
026 John Smilie DR PA-9 March 4, 1799 Previously served (A) 1793-95
027 Richard Winn DR SC-5 January 24, 1803 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97
Three consecutive terms
028 Willis Alston DR NC-2 March 4, 1799 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
029 Phanuel Bishop DR MA-9
030 John Davenport F CT-al
031 Edwin Gray DR VA-19 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
032 Benjamin Huger F SC-3 Last term until 14th Congress
033 Michael Leib DR PA-1
034 Joseph H. Nicholson DR MD-7 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803
035 John Randolph DR VA-15 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Chairman: Ways and Means.
036 Lemuel Williams F MA-8 Last term
037 John Smith DR NY-1 February 6, 1800 Resigned February 23, 1804
038 John C. Smith F CT-al November 17, 1800 Chairman: Claims (1803–04)
039 Samuel Tenney F NH-al December 8, 1800 Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business
040 John Stewart DR PA-6 January 15, 1801 Last term
Three non-consecutive terms
041 David Bard DR PA-4 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1795-99
042 James Holland DR NC-11 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-97.
Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.
043 Matthew Lyon DR KY-1 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR-VT) 1797-1801.
Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803.
044 Thomson J. Skinner DR MA-12 Previously served (DR) January 27, 1797-99. Resigned August 10, 1804.
Two consecutive terms
045 John Archer DR MD-6 March 4, 1801 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803
046 William Butler DR SC-2
047 John Campbell F MD-1 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803
048 Manasseh Cutler F MA-3 Last term
049 Ebenezer Elmer DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803
050 William Eustis DR MA-1 Last term until 17th Congress
051 William Helms DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803
052 Thomas Lowndes F SC-1 Last term
053 Samuel L. Mitchill DR NY-3 Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures (1803–04). Resigned, to
become US Senator: November 22, 1804. Elected to 9th Congress, but did not serve.
054 Thomas Moore DR SC-7
055 James Mott DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803. Last term.
056 Thomas Newton, Jr. DR VA-20 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
057 Elias Perkins F CT-al Resigned as Representative-elect: c. August 1803 [5]
058 Thomas Plater F MD-3 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.
059 John Smith DR VA-3 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
060 Henry Southard DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803
061 Joseph Stanton, Jr. DR RI-al
062 David Thomas DR NY-12
063 Philip R. Thompson DR VA-9 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
064 Killian K. Van Rensselaer F NY-9
065 Calvin Goddard F CT-al May 14, 1801 Last term (elected to 9th Congress but did not serve)
066 Richard Cutts DR MA-14 June 22, 1801
067 Seth Hastings F MA-10 August 24, 1801
068 Benjamin Tallmadge F CT-al September 21, 1801
069 William Hoge DR PA-10 October 13, 1801 Resigned October 15, 1804. Last term until 10th Congress.[6]
070 Isaac Van Horne DR PA-2 Last term
071 William Dickson DR TN-al October 30, 1801 Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803 [7]
072 Walter Bowie DR MD-2 March 24, 1802 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.
073 Samuel Hunt F NH-al December 6, 1802 Last term
074 David Meriwether DR GA-al
075 Samuel Thatcher F MA-16 Last term
076 Thomas Wynns DR NC-1 December 7, 1802 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
077 Peter Early DR GA-al January 10, 1803 Chairman: Accounts
Two non-consecutive terms
078 Wade Hampton DR SC-4 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1795-97. Last term.
079 Walter Jones DR VA-8 Previously served (DR) 1797-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.
080 Joseph Winston DR NC-12 Previously served (A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.
One term
081 Nathaniel Alexander DR NC-10 March 4, 1803 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
082 Isaac Anderson DR PA-3
083 George M. Bedinger DR KY-6 Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803.
084 Silas Betton F NH-al
085 William Blackledge DR NC-4 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
086 Isaac Bloom DR NY-6 Died, as Representative-elect: April 26, 1803 [8]
087 Adam Boyd DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803. Only term until 10th Congress.
088 John Boyle DR KY-2 Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803
089 Phineas Bruce F MA-17 Only term
090 George W. Campbell DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803
091 John Cantine F NY-7 Resigned, as Representative-elect, before the Congress began* [9]
092 Levi Casey DR SC-6
093 William Chamberlain F VT-3 Only term until 11th Congress
094 Martin Chittenden F VT-4 Elected to this Congress: May 9, 1803
095 Clifton Clagett F NH-al Only term until 15th Congress
096 Joseph Clay DR PA-1
097 Frederick Conrad DR PA-2
098 Jacob Crowninshield DR MA-2 Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures (1804–05)
099 Thomas Dwight F MA-5 Only term
100 John B. Earle DR SC-8
101 James Elliot F VT-2
102 John W. Eppes DR VA-16 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
103 Peterson Goodwyn DR VA-18
104 Thomas Griffin F VA-12 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Only term.
105 Gaylord Griswold F NY-15 Only term
106 Samuel Hammond DR GA-al Resigned February 2, 1805
107 David Hough F NH-al
108 John G. Jackson DR VA-1 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
109 William Kennedy DR NC-3 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Only term until 11th Congress.
110 Nehemiah Knight DR RI-al
111 Joseph Lewis, Jr. F VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
112 Thomas Lewis, Jr. F VA-5 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Unseated, after an election contest: March 5, 1804.
113 Henry W. Livingston F NY-8
114 John B. C. Lucas DR PA-11
115 Andrew McCord DR NY-5 Only term
116 William McCreery DR MD-5 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803
117 Nahum Mitchell F MA-7 Only term
118 Nicholas R. Moore DR MD-5 Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803
119 Jeremiah Morrow DR OH-al First representative of new state. Elected to this Congress: June 21, 1803.
120 Gideon Olin DR VT-1
121 Beriah Palmer DR NY-11 Only term
122 John Paterson DR NY-16
123 Oliver Phelps DR NY-17
124 Samuel D. Purviance F NC-7 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Only term.
125 Thomas M. Randolph DR VA-21 Elected to this Congress: April 1803
126 John Rea DR PA-7
127 John Rhea DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803
128 Jacob Richards DR PA-1
129 Caesar A. Rodney DR DE-al Only term until 17th Congress
130 Erastus Root DR NY-14 Only term until 11th Congress
131 Thomas Sammons DR NY-13
132 Thomas Sandford DR KY-4 Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803
133 Joshua Sands F NY-2 Only term until 19th Congres
134 Ebenezer Seaver DR MA-13
135 James Sloan DR NJ-al Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803
136 William Stedman F MA-11
137 James Stephenson F VA-2 Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Only term until 11th Congress.
138 Samuel Taggart F MA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 3, 1803
139 George Tibbits F NY-10 Only term
140 Matthew Walton DR KY-3 Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803
141 John Whitehill DR PA-3
142 Marmaduke Williams DR NC-9 Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress
... Josiah Hasbrouck DR NY-7 April 28, 1803 Special election: April 26–28, 1803. Took seat: October 17, 1803.
Only term until 15th Congress.
... Simeon Baldwin F CT-al September 5, 1803 Special election: September 5, 1803. Only term.[10]
... Joseph Bryan DR GA-al October 3, 1803 Special election
... Daniel C. Verplanck DR NY-6 October 17, 1803 Special election: September 14–16, 1803
... Andrew Moore DR VA-5 March 5, 1804 Previously served (A) 1789-95 and (DR) 1796-97. Seated after election contest. Resigned upon appointment as US Senator:
November 6, 1804.[11]
... John Hoge DR PA-10 November 2, 1804 Special election. Only term.[12]
... Christopher H. Clark DR VA-13 November 5, 1804 Special election: October 1804
... Simon Larned DR MA-12 Special election: September 17, 1804. Only term.
... Samuel Riker DR NY-1 Special election: April 24–26, 1804. Only term until 10th Congress.
... Roger Nelson DR MD-4 November 6, 1804 Special election: October 1, 1804
... Alexander Wilson DR VA-5 December 4, 1804 Special election: November 13, 1804
... George Clinton, Jr. DR NY-3 February 14, 1805 Special election: January 2–4, 1805
Non voting member
a William Lattimore - MS-al March 4, 1803 Delegate from Mississippi Territory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, for the date of election
  3. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 8th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 26) and resignation (note 2 on page 29)
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 26) and resignation (note 1 on page 29)
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on October 13, 1801 (page 24)
  7. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on October 29–30, 1801 (page 24)
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 27) and death (note 10 on page 29)
  9. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 27) and resignation (note 11 on page 29)
  10. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on September 5, 1803 (page 28)
  11. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election contest and date of resignation, note 18 on page 30.
  12. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, special election (page 28) which classifies John Hoge as a Federalist.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]