List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 8th Congress by seniority
This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 8th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.
As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 8th Congress (March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1805). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.
This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 8th Congress.
Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.
Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.
The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.
The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.
Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. A Speakership ballot was held on October 17, 1803 and Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) was re-elected for a second consecutive term.
The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were five standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 8th Congress. In addition an Accounts Committee was created.
Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker.
This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 8th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.
The first session was October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804 (163 days) and the second session was November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805 (119 days).
|01||Accounts||1803||3||December 27, 1803-March 27, 1804||Peter Early (DR-GA)|
|November 7, 1804-March 3, 1805|
|02||Claims||1794||7||October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804||*John C. Smith (F-CT) a|
|November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805|
|David Holmes (DR-VA)|
|03||Commerce and Manufactures||1795||7||October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804||Samuel L. Mitchill (DR-NY) b|
|November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805|
|Jacob Crowninshield (DR-MA)|
|04||Elections||1789||7||October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804||William Findley (DR-PA)|
|November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805|
|05||Revisal and Unfinished Business||1795||3||October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804||Samuel Tenney (F-NH)|
|November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805|
|06||Ways and Means||1802||7||October 17, 1803-March 27, 1804||*John Randolph (DR-VA)|
|November 5, 1804-March 3, 1805|
- a John C. Smith was excused, from service on the Claims Committee, on November 6, 1804. David Holmes was the next ranking member of the Committee (and was the Chairman in part of the 9th Congress) so it is presumed that he replaced Smith as Chairman.
- b Samuel L. Mitchill resigned from the House on November 22, 1804. Jacob Crowninshield was the next ranking member of the Commerce and Manufactures Committee (and was the Chairman in the 9th Congress) so it is presumed that he replaced Mitchill as Chairman.
List of Representatives by seniority
A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 142 members initially elected to the 8th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.
Four Representatives-elect were not sworn in, as one died and three resigned. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been sworn in.
Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.
|Seven consecutive terms|
|001||Andrew Gregg||DR||PA-5||March 4, 1791||(A) 1791-95|
|002||Nathaniel Macon||DR||NC-6||(A) 1791-95. Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.
Speaker of the House.
|Six consecutive terms|
|003||Anthony New||DR||VA-11||March 4, 1793||(A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.
Last term until 12th Congress.
|004||Philip Van Cortlandt||DR||NY-4||(A) 1793-95|
|005||Peleg Wadsworth||F||MA-15||(P) 1793-95|
|Six non-consecutive terms|
|006||Daniel Hiester||DR||MD-4||March 4, 1801||Previously served (PA-A) 1789-95 and (PA-DR) 1795-July 1, 1796.
Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Died March 7, 1804.
|Five consecutive terms|
|007||Roger Griswold||F||CT-al||March 4, 1795||Last term (elected to 9th Congress but did not serve)|
|008||Joseph B. Varnum||DR||MA-4|
|009||Samuel W. Dana||F||CT-al||January 3, 1797|
|Five non-consecutive terms|
|010||Thomas Claiborne||DR||VA-17||March 4, 1801||Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99.
Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Last term.
|011||William Findley||DR||PA-8||March 4, 1803||Previously served (A) 1791-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Chairman: Elections.|
|012||John Milledge||DR||GA-al||March 23, 1801||Previously served (A) November 22, 1792–93 and (DR) 1795-99.
Resigned, as Representative-elect, to become Governor:
c. November 9, 1802.
|Four consecutive terms|
|013||Matthew Clay||DR||VA-14||March 4, 1797||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|015||John Dennis||F||MD-8||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.|
|016||John Fowler||DR||KY-5||Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803|
|017||John A. Hanna||DR||PA-4|
|018||David Holmes||DR||VA-4||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Chairman: Claims (1804–05).|
|019||Richard Stanford||DR||NC-8||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|020||Abram Trigg||DR||VA-6||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|021||John J. Trigg||DR||VA-13||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Died May 17, 1804.|
|022||Joseph Hiester||DR||PA-3||December 1, 1798||Last term until 14th Congress|
|023||Robert Brown||DR||PA-2||December 4, 1798|
|Four non-consecutive terms|
|024||John Clopton||DR||VA-22||March 4, 1801||Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.|
|025||James Gillespie||DR||NC-5||March 4, 1803||Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99.
Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Died January 11, 1805.
|026||John Smilie||DR||PA-9||March 4, 1799||Previously served (A) 1793-95|
|027||Richard Winn||DR||SC-5||January 24, 1803||Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97|
|Three consecutive terms|
|028||Willis Alston||DR||NC-2||March 4, 1799||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|031||Edwin Gray||DR||VA-19||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|032||Benjamin Huger||F||SC-3||Last term until 14th Congress|
|034||Joseph H. Nicholson||DR||MD-7||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803|
|035||John Randolph||DR||VA-15||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Chairman: Ways and Means.|
|036||Lemuel Williams||F||MA-8||Last term|
|037||John Smith||DR||NY-1||February 6, 1800||Resigned February 23, 1804|
|038||John C. Smith||F||CT-al||November 17, 1800||Chairman: Claims (1803–04)|
|039||Samuel Tenney||F||NH-al||December 8, 1800||Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business|
|040||John Stewart||DR||PA-6||January 15, 1801||Last term|
|Three non-consecutive terms|
|041||David Bard||DR||PA-4||March 4, 1803||Previously served (DR) 1795-99|
|042||James Holland||DR||NC-11||March 4, 1801||Previously served (DR) 1795-97.
Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.
|043||Matthew Lyon||DR||KY-1||March 4, 1803||Previously served (DR-VT) 1797-1801.
Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803.
|044||Thomson J. Skinner||DR||MA-12||Previously served (DR) January 27, 1797-99. Resigned August 10, 1804.|
|Two consecutive terms|
|045||John Archer||DR||MD-6||March 4, 1801||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803|
|047||John Campbell||F||MD-1||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803|
|048||Manasseh Cutler||F||MA-3||Last term|
|049||Ebenezer Elmer||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803|
|050||William Eustis||DR||MA-1||Last term until 17th Congress|
|051||William Helms||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803|
|052||Thomas Lowndes||F||SC-1||Last term|
|053||Samuel L. Mitchill||DR||NY-3||Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures (1803–04). Resigned, to
become US Senator: November 22, 1804. Elected to 9th Congress, but did not serve.
|055||James Mott||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803. Last term.|
|056||Thomas Newton, Jr.||DR||VA-20||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|057||Elias Perkins||F||CT-al||Resigned as Representative-elect: c. August 1803 |
|058||Thomas Plater||F||MD-3||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.|
|059||John Smith||DR||VA-3||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|060||Henry Southard||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803|
|061||Joseph Stanton, Jr.||DR||RI-al|
|063||Philip R. Thompson||DR||VA-9||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|064||Killian K. Van Rensselaer||F||NY-9|
|065||Calvin Goddard||F||CT-al||May 14, 1801||Last term (elected to 9th Congress but did not serve)|
|066||Richard Cutts||DR||MA-14||June 22, 1801|
|067||Seth Hastings||F||MA-10||August 24, 1801|
|068||Benjamin Tallmadge||F||CT-al||September 21, 1801|
|069||William Hoge||DR||PA-10||October 13, 1801||Resigned October 15, 1804. Last term until 10th Congress.|
|070||Isaac Van Horne||DR||PA-2||Last term|
|071||William Dickson||DR||TN-al||October 30, 1801||Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803 |
|072||Walter Bowie||DR||MD-2||March 24, 1802||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803. Last term.|
|073||Samuel Hunt||F||NH-al||December 6, 1802||Last term|
|075||Samuel Thatcher||F||MA-16||Last term|
|076||Thomas Wynns||DR||NC-1||December 7, 1802||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|077||Peter Early||DR||GA-al||January 10, 1803||Chairman: Accounts|
|Two non-consecutive terms|
|078||Wade Hampton||DR||SC-4||March 4, 1803||Previously served (DR) 1795-97. Last term.|
|079||Walter Jones||DR||VA-8||Previously served (DR) 1797-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1803.|
|080||Joseph Winston||DR||NC-12||Previously served (A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803.|
|081||Nathaniel Alexander||DR||NC-10||March 4, 1803||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|083||George M. Bedinger||DR||KY-6||Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803.|
|085||William Blackledge||DR||NC-4||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|086||Isaac Bloom||DR||NY-6||Died, as Representative-elect: April 26, 1803 |
|087||Adam Boyd||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803. Only term until 10th Congress.|
|088||John Boyle||DR||KY-2||Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803|
|089||Phineas Bruce||F||MA-17||Only term|
|090||George W. Campbell||DR||TN-al||Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803|
|091||John Cantine||F||NY-7||Resigned, as Representative-elect, before the Congress began* |
|093||William Chamberlain||F||VT-3||Only term until 11th Congress|
|094||Martin Chittenden||F||VT-4||Elected to this Congress: May 9, 1803|
|095||Clifton Clagett||F||NH-al||Only term until 15th Congress|
|098||Jacob Crowninshield||DR||MA-2||Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures (1804–05)|
|099||Thomas Dwight||F||MA-5||Only term|
|100||John B. Earle||DR||SC-8|
|102||John W. Eppes||DR||VA-16||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|104||Thomas Griffin||F||VA-12||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Only term.|
|105||Gaylord Griswold||F||NY-15||Only term|
|106||Samuel Hammond||DR||GA-al||Resigned February 2, 1805|
|108||John G. Jackson||DR||VA-1||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|109||William Kennedy||DR||NC-3||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Only term until 11th Congress.|
|111||Joseph Lewis, Jr.||F||VA-7||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|112||Thomas Lewis, Jr.||F||VA-5||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Unseated, after an election contest: March 5, 1804.|
|113||Henry W. Livingston||F||NY-8|
|114||John B. C. Lucas||DR||PA-11|
|115||Andrew McCord||DR||NY-5||Only term|
|116||William McCreery||DR||MD-5||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803|
|117||Nahum Mitchell||F||MA-7||Only term|
|118||Nicholas R. Moore||DR||MD-5||Elected to this Congress: October 3, 1803|
|119||Jeremiah Morrow||DR||OH-al||First representative of new state. Elected to this Congress: June 21, 1803.|
|121||Beriah Palmer||DR||NY-11||Only term|
|124||Samuel D. Purviance||F||NC-7||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803. Only term.|
|125||Thomas M. Randolph||DR||VA-21||Elected to this Congress: April 1803|
|127||John Rhea||DR||TN-al||Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1803|
|129||Caesar A. Rodney||DR||DE-al||Only term until 17th Congress|
|130||Erastus Root||DR||NY-14||Only term until 11th Congress|
|132||Thomas Sandford||DR||KY-4||Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803|
|133||Joshua Sands||F||NY-2||Only term until 19th Congres|
|135||James Sloan||DR||NJ-al||Elected to this Congress: December 13–14, 1803|
|137||James Stephenson||F||VA-2||Elected to this Congress: April 1803. Only term until 11th Congress.|
|138||Samuel Taggart||F||MA-6||Elected to this Congress: April 3, 1803|
|139||George Tibbits||F||NY-10||Only term|
|140||Matthew Walton||DR||KY-3||Elected to this Congress: August 2, 1803|
|142||Marmaduke Williams||DR||NC-9||Elected to this Congress: August 11, 1803|
|Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress|
|...||Josiah Hasbrouck||DR||NY-7||April 28, 1803||Special election: April 26–28, 1803. Took seat: October 17, 1803.
Only term until 15th Congress.
|...||Simeon Baldwin||F||CT-al||September 5, 1803||Special election: September 5, 1803. Only term.|
|...||Joseph Bryan||DR||GA-al||October 3, 1803||Special election|
|...||Daniel C. Verplanck||DR||NY-6||October 17, 1803||Special election: September 14–16, 1803|
|...||Andrew Moore||DR||VA-5||March 5, 1804||Previously served (A) 1789-95 and (DR) 1796-97. Seated after election contest. Resigned upon appointment as US Senator:
November 6, 1804.
|...||John Hoge||DR||PA-10||November 2, 1804||Special election. Only term.|
|...||Christopher H. Clark||DR||VA-13||November 5, 1804||Special election: October 1804|
|...||Simon Larned||DR||MA-12||Special election: September 17, 1804. Only term.|
|...||Samuel Riker||DR||NY-1||Special election: April 24–26, 1804. Only term until 10th Congress.|
|...||Roger Nelson||DR||MD-4||November 6, 1804||Special election: October 1, 1804|
|...||Alexander Wilson||DR||VA-5||December 4, 1804||Special election: November 13, 1804|
|...||George Clinton, Jr.||DR||NY-3||February 14, 1805||Special election: January 2–4, 1805|
|Non voting member|
|a||William Lattimore||-||MS-al||March 4, 1803||Delegate from Mississippi Territory|
- 112th Congress official House seniority list
- Annals of Congress, for the date of election
- Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 8th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 26) and resignation (note 2 on page 29)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 26) and resignation (note 1 on page 29)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on October 13, 1801 (page 24)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on October 29–30, 1801 (page 24)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 27) and death (note 10 on page 29)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 27) and resignation (note 11 on page 29)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special election on September 5, 1803 (page 28)
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election contest and date of resignation, note 18 on page 30.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, special election (page 28) which classifies John Hoge as a Federalist.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0
- House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
- House of Representatives list of members of the 8th Congress