List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 9th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 9th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 9th Congress (March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1807). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 9th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Such representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e. prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. A Speakership ballot was held on December 2, 1805 and Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) was re-elected for a third consecutive term.[2]

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were five standing committees, listed in the rules initially used by the 9th Congress. On December 17, 1805 the Accounts Committee and a new Public Lands Committee were included in revised rules.

Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time by the Speaker.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 9th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.[3]

The first session was December 2, 1805-April 21, 1806 (141 days) and the second session was December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807 (93 days).

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Accounts 1803 (1805) 3 December 2, 1805-April 21, 1806 Frederick Conrad (DR-PA)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807
02 Claims 1794 7 December 2, 1805-April 21, 1806 *John C. Smith (F-CT)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807 David Holmes (DR-VA)
03 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 December 2, 1805-April 21, 1806 *Jacob Crowninshield (DR-MA) a
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807
04 Elections 1789 7 December 2, 1805-April 21, 1806 *William Findley (DR-PA)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807
05 Public Lands 1805 7 December 7, 1805-April 21, 1806 Andrew Gregg (DR-PA)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807 John Boyle (DR-KY)
06 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 December 2, 1805-April 2, 1806 *Samuel Tenney (F-NH)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807
07 Ways and Means 1802 7 December 2, 1805-April 2, 1806 *John Randolph (DR-VA)
December 1, 1806-March 3, 1807 Joseph Clay (DR-PA)

Note:-

  • a On January 6, 1807 Crowninshield was absent on leave and the House appointed Gurdon S. Mumford (DR-NY) in his place.

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 142 members initially elected to the 9th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.

Ten Representatives-elect were not sworn in, as two died and eight resigned. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Eight consecutive terms
001 Andrew Gregg DR PA-5 March 4, 1791 (A) 1791-95. Chairman: Public Lands (1805–06). Last term.
002 Nathaniel Macon DR NC-6 (A) 1791-95. Speaker of the House.
Seven consecutive terms
003 Philip Van Cortlandt DR NY-4 March 4, 1793 (A) 1793-95
004 Peleg Wadsworth F MA-15 (P) 1793-95. Last term.
Six consecutive terms
005 Roger Griswold F CT-al March 4, 1795 Resigned as Representative-elect, before Congress convened, in 1805 [4]
006 Joseph B. Varnum DR MA-4
007 Samuel W. Dana F CT-al January 3, 1797
Six non-consecutive terms
008 William Findley DR PA-8 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1791-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Chairman: Elections.
Five consecutive terms
009 Matthew Clay DR VA-14 March 4, 1797 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
010 John Dawson DR VA-10
011 John Fowler DR KY-5 Last term
012 John A. Hanna DR PA-4 Died, as Representative-elect: July 23, 1805 [5]
013 David Holmes DR VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 1805. Chairman: Claims (1806–07).
014 Richard Stanford DR NC-8
015 Abram Trigg DR VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
016 Robert Brown DR PA-2 December 4, 1798
Five non-consecutive terms
017 John Clopton DR VA-22 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1805.
018 James Gillespie DR NC-5 March 4, 1803 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99. Died, as Representative-elect: January 11, 1805.[6]
019 John Smilie DR PA-9 March 4, 1799 Previously served (A) 1793-95
020 Richard Winn DR SC-5 January 24, 1803 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97
Four consecutive terms
021 Willis Alston DR NC-2 March 4, 1799
022 Phanuel Bishop DR MA-9 Last term
023 John Davenport F CT-al
024 Edwin Gray DR VA-19 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
025 Michael Leib DR PA-1 Resigned: February 14, 1806
026 Joseph H. Nicholson DR MD-7 Resigned: March 1, 1806
027 John Randolph DR VA-15 Elected to this Congress: April 1805. Chairman: Ways and Means (1805–06).
028 John C. Smith F CT-al November 17, 1800 Chairman: Claims (1805–06). Resigned: August 1806.
029 Samuel Tenney F NH-al December 8, 1800 Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business. Last term.
Four non-consecutive terms
030 David Bard DR PA-4 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1795-99
031 James A. Bayard F DE-al March 4, 1805 Previously served (F) 1797-1803. Resigned, as Representative-elect, to become US Senator.[7]
032 Thomas Blount DR NC-3 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-99
033 James Holland DR NC-11 March 4, 1801 Previously served (DR) 1795-97
034 Matthew Lyon DR KY-1 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR-VT) 1797–1801
Three consecutive terms
035 John Archer DR MD-6 March 4, 1801 Last term
036 William Butler DR SC-2
037 John Campbell F MD-1
038 Ebenezer Elmer DR NJ-al Last term
039 William Helms DR NJ-al
040 Samuel L. Mitchill DR NY-2/3 Resigned, as Representative-elect, to become US Senator: November 22, 1804. Last term until 11th Congress.[8]
041 Thomas Moore DR SC-7
042 Thomas Newton, Jr. DR VA-20 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
043 John Smith DR VA-3
044 Henry Southard DR NJ-al
045 Joseph Stanton, Jr. DR RI-al Last term
046 David Thomas DR NY-12
047 Philip R. Thompson DR VA-9 Elected to this Congress: April 1805. Last term.
048 Killian K. Van Rensselaer F NY-9
049 Calvin Goddard F CT-al May 14, 1801 Resigned, as Representative-elect, before Congress convened in 1805 [9]
050 Richard Cutts DR MA-14 June 22, 1801
051 Seth Hastings F MA-10 August 24, 1801 Last term
052 Benjamin Tallmadge F CT-al September 21, 1801
053 William Dickson DR TN-al October 30, 1801 Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1805. Mero District. Last term.[10]
054 David Meriwether DR GA-al December 6, 1802 Last term
055 Thomas Wynns DR NC-1 December 7, 1802
056 Peter Early DR GA-al January 10, 1803
Three non-consecutive terms
057 Walter Jones DR VA-8 March 4, 1803 Previously served (DR) 1797-99. Elected to this Congress: April 1805.
058 Joseph Winston DR NC-12 Previously served (A) 1793-95. Last term.
Two consecutive terms
059 Nathaniel Alexander DR NC-10 March 4, 1803 Resigned as Representative-elect, to become Governor, November 1805 [11]
060 Isaac Anderson DR PA-3 Last term
061 George M. Bedinger DR KY-6
062 Silas Betton F NH-al
063 William Blackledge DR NC-4
064 John Boyle DR KY-2 Chairman: Public Lands (1806–07)
065 George W. Campbell DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1805. Hamilton District.
066 Levi Casey DR SC-6 Died February 3, 1807. Elected to but did not serve in 10th Congress.
067 Martin Chittenden F VT-4
068 Joseph Clay DR PA-1 Chairman: Ways and Means (1806–07).
069 Frederick Conrad DR PA-2 Chairman: Accounts. Last term.
070 Jacob Crowninshield DR MA-2 Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures
071 John B. Earle DR SC-8 Resigned, as Representative-elect: August 1805 [12]
072 James Elliot F VT-2
073 John W. Eppes DR VA-16 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
074 Peterson Goodwyn DR VA-18
075 David Hough F NH-al Last term
076 John G. Jackson DR VA-1 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
077 Nehemiah Knight DR RI-al
078 Joseph Lewis, Jr. F VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
079 Henry W. Livingston F NY-8 Last term
080 John B. C. Lucas DR PA-11 Resigned, as Representative-elect, before Congress convened in 1805 [13]
081 William McCreery DR MD-5
082 Nicholas R. Moore DR MD-5
083 Jeremiah Morrow DR OH-al
084 Gideon Olin DR VT-1 Last term
085 Thomas M. Randolph DR VA-21 Elected to this Congress: April 1805. Last term.
086 John Rea DR PA-7
087 John Rhea DR TN-al Elected to this Congress: August 4–5, 1805. Washington District.
088 Jacob Richards DR PA-1
089 Thomas Sammons DR NY-13 Last term until 11th Congress
090 Thomas Sandford DR KY-4 Last term
091 Ebenezer Seaver DR MA-13
092 James Sloan DR NJ-al
093 William Stedman F MA-11
094 Samuel Taggart F MA-6
095 Matthew Walton DR KY-3 Last time
096 John Whitehill DR PA-3
097 Marmaduke Williams DR NC-9
098 Joseph Bryan DR GA-al October 3, 1803 Resigned 1806
099 Daniel C. Verplanck DR NY-6 October 17, 1803
100 Christopher H. Clark DR VA-13 November 5, 1804 Elected to this Congress: April 1805. Resigned: July 1, 1806.
101 Roger Nelson DR MD-4 November 6, 1804
102 Alexander Wilson DR VA-5 December 4, 1804 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
... George Clinton, Jr. DR NY-2/3 February 14, 1805 Special election before this Congress started
One term
103 Joseph Barker DR MA-7 March 4, 1805
104 Burwell Bassett DR VA-12 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
105 Barnabas Bidwell DR MA-12
106 John Blake, Jr. DR NY-5
107 John Chandler DR MA-17
108 John Claiborne DR VA-17 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
109 Orchard Cook DR MA-16
110 Leonard Covington DR MD-2 Only term
111 Ezra Darby DR NJ-al
112 Caleb Ellis F NH-al Only term
113 William Ely F MA-5
114 James Fisk DR VT-3 Elected to this Congress: March 25, 1805
115 James M. Garnett DR VA-11 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
116 Charles Goldsborough F MD-8
117 Isaiah L. Green DR MA-8
118 Silas Halsey DR NY-17 Only term
119 John Hamilton DR PA-10
120 James Kelly F PA-6
121 John Lambert DR NJ-al
122 Christian Lower DR PA-3 Died December 19, 1806
123 Patrick Magruder DR MD-3 Only term
124 Robert Marion DR SC-1
125 Josiah Masters DR NY-10
126 Duncan McFarlan DR NC-7 Only term
127 Cowles Mead DR GA-al Unseated after election challenge: December 24, 1805
128 John Morrow DR VA-2 Elected to this Congress: April 1805
129 Jonathan O. Moseley F CT-al
... Gurdon S. Mumford DR NY-2/3 Special election, before this Congress started
130 Jeremiah Nelson F MA-3 Only term until 14th Congress
131 John Pugh DR PA-2
132 Josiah Quincy F MA-1
133 John Russell DR NY-14
134 Peter Sailly DR NY-11 Only term
135 Martin G. Schuneman DR NY-7
136 O'Brien Smith DR SC-4
137 Thomas W. Thompson F NH-al
138 Daniel D. Tompkins DR NY-2/3 Resigned, as Representative-elect, before the Congress started: July 2, 1804 [14]
139 Uri Tracy DR NY-16 Only term until 11th Congress
140 Eliphalet Wickes DR NY-1 Only term
141 David R. Williams DR SC-3
142 Nathan Williams DR NY-15 Only term
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress [15]
... Thomas Kenan DR NC-5 August 8, 1805 Special election
... Timothy Pitkin F CT-al September 16, 1805
... Lewis B. Sturges F CT-al
... James M. Broom F DE-al October 1, 1805
... Samuel Smith DR PA-11 November 7, 1805 Special election: October 8, 1805
... Robert Whitehill DR PA-4
... Thomas Spalding DR GA-al December 24, 1805 Seated after election contest. Resigned 1806.
... Evan S. Alexander DR NC-10 February 24, 1806 Special election: January 23–24, 1806
... Dennis Smelt DR GA-al September 1, 1806 Special election
... Elias Earle DR SC-8 September 27, 1806 Special election: September 26–27, 1806. Only term until 12th Congress.
... William A. Burwell DR VA-13 December 1, 1806 Special election: November 1806
... Theodore Dwight F CT-al Special election: September 15, 1806. Only term.
... Edward Lloyd DR MD-7 December 3, 1806 Special election: September 27 and October 4, 1806
... John Porter DR PA-1 December 8, 1806 Special election: November 27, 1806
... William W. Bibb DR GA-al January 26, 1807 Special election: December 1, 1806
Non voting member
a William Lattimore - MS-al March 4, 1803 Delegate from Mississippi Territory. Last term until 13th Congress.
b Daniel Clark - OL-al December 1, 1806 Delegate from Orleans Territory
c Benjamin Parke - IN-al December 12, 1806 Delegate from Indiana Territory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, for the date of election
  3. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 9th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 31) and resignation (note 2 on page 34)
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32) and resignation (note 20 on page 34)
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32) and resignation (note 17 on page 34)
  7. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 31) and resignation (note 4 on page 34)
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 31) and resignation (note 12 on page 34)
  9. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 31) and resignation (note 1 on page 34)
  10. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32)
  11. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32) and resignation (note 18 on page 34)
  12. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32) and resignation (note 22 on page 34)
  13. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 32) and resignation (note 21 on page 34)
  14. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for election (page 31) and resignation (note 13 on page 34)
  15. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, for special elections to the 9th Congress (page 33)

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]