List of Metamorphoses characters

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Cover of George Sandys's 1632 edition of Ovid's Metamorphosis Englished

This is a list of characters in the poem Metamorphoses by Ovid. It contains more than 200 characters, summaries of their roles, and information on where they appear. The descriptions vary in length and comprehensiveness, upgrading characters who were actually metamorphosed, who play a significant role, or about whom a certain background knowledge is required to understand the Metamorphoses. The major Roman gods in general play significant roles in all of the stories, but only their attributes are listed under their own name—their specific roles are summarized under the individual involved characters' names (e.g. Apollo's role in the myth of Hyacinthus is listed under Hyacinthus).

Characters[edit]

Name Role Appearance(s) in Metamorphoses (Book: verses) Ref(s)
Abaris One of Phineus' men at Perseus' wedding. V: 137 [1]
Achelous Father of the Sirens and patron deity of the Achelous River. V: 552, VIII: 549-727, IX: 3-413 [2]
Achilles Son of Peleus and the nymph Thetis. Achilles was foreseen an early death if he joined the Greeks in the Trojan War so his mother disguised him as a girl to protect him. Ulysses, however, discovered him and convinced him to join the battle. VIII: 309, XI: 265, XII: 73-615, XIII: 30-597, XV: 856 [3]
Acis Son of Faunus and a river nymph. The lover of Galatea (deity). XIII: 750-896 [4]
Acmon One of the Greek hero Diomedes' men from Pleuron, Aetolia. Metamorphosed into a bird. XIV: 484-505 [5]
Acoetes Bacchus' alias towards Pentheus. Acoetes was a Tyrrhenian man from Lydia. III: 582-696 [6]
Actaeon Grandson of Cadmus. He accidentally saw Diana naked and was metamorphosed into a stag as a punishment. III: 146-721 [7]
Adonis Son of King Cinyras of Cyprus and his daughter Myrrha. Beloved by the goddesses Venus and Proserpina. He was to spend one third of the year with each of them - the last part was at his own disposal, which he used together with Venus. Adonis died during a boar hunt and Venus' grief showed itself as the delicate flower anemone. X: 529-730 [8]
Aeacus Son of Jupiter and the nymph Aegina, father of Telamon, Peleus, and Phocus, and king of Aegina. Aeacus became one of the judges in the Underworld after his death. VII: 472-668, VIII: 4, IX: 435-440, XI: 227-250, XIII: 25-33 [9]
Aeëtes Son of Helius, father of Medea, and king of Colchis. VII: 9-170 [10]
Aegeus Son of Pandion, husband of Medea, father of Theseus, and king of Athens. Aegeus almost killed Theseus at Medea's urging. VII: 402-502, IX: 448, XI: 663, XII: 342, XV: 856 [11]
Aeneas Son of Venus and Anchises (of the Dardanian dynasty). Aeneas was one of the few Trojan survivors after the Trojan War who was not enslaved. He fled with his father, Anchises, on his back. Escaping to Italy with the help of his mother his group, the Aeneids, became the progenitors of the Romans. Upon his death he was deified as Jupiter Indiges by request of his mother. XIII: 624-681, XIV: 78-603, XV: 437-861 [12]
Aesacus Son of King Priam. Mourning the death of his lover he was metamorphosed into a bird. XI: 763, XII: 1 [13]
Aesculapius God of medicine and healing. Son of Apollo and Coronis. II: 629-654 [14]
Aeson Father of Jason and king of Iolcus, Thessaly. He was usurped the throne from his brother Pelias. VII: 60-303 [15]
Agamemnon Son of Atreus and king of Mycene. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War. XII: 626, XIII: 216-655, XV: 855 [16]
Aglaulus One of the three daughters of Cecrops. II: 559-819 [17]
Ajax the Great Grandson of Aeacus and son of Telamon. Greek hero in the Trojan War. XII: 624, XIII: 2-390 [18]
Ajax the Lesser Son of Oïleus and Greek hero in the Trojan War. Among other things known for his raping the Trojan prophetess and princess Cassandra at the temple of Apollo. XII: 622, XIII: 356, XIV: 468 [19]
Alcmene Queen of Tiryns, wife of Amphitryon, and mother of Hercules by Jupiter. VI: 112, IX: 23-394 [20]
Alcyone Daughter of Aelous and wife of Ceyx. XI: 384-746 [21]
Althaea Daughter of Thestius, wife of Oeneus, and mother of Meleager. VIII: 446-531 [22]
Anaxarete Cyprian maid who refused her suitor Iphis. Unmoved, even as he committed suicide, Venus turned her to stone. XIV: 698-748 [23]
Andromeda Daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. She was chained to a rock as a sacrifice for her mother's bragging, but was saved by Perseus, whom she later married. IV: 670-739, V: 152 [24]
Anius Priest of Apollo and king of Delos. XIII: 632-679 [25]
Apollo God of poetry, music, healing, and divination. Son of Jupiter and Latona and a great archer. I: 455, II: 543-677, III: 8-421, V: 328, VI: 250-383, VII: 324-389, VIII: 15-31, IX: 332-663, X: 132-209, XI: 58-412, XIII: 174-715, XIV: 133, XV: 630-865 [26][27]
Aquilo The Northern wind. Roman equivalent of the Greek Boreas. I: 64, VI: 682-702, VII: 695, XII: 24, XIII: 418, XV: 471 [28][29]
Arachne Daughter of Idmon. Boasted she could weave better than Minerva and won over her in a weaving contest. Jealous, the goddess metamorphosed Arachne into a spider. VI: 5-148 [30]
Arcas Son of Jupiter and the nymph Callisto. Jealous of Callisto, Juno metamorphosed her into a bear, which Arcas killed, not knowing it was his mother. Jupiter took pity on the two and metamorphosed them into the constellations known as Ursa Major and Ursa Minor (the big bear and the little bear). II: 469-496 [31]
Arethusa Nymph and spring. She fled from the river god Alpheus to Syracusa, Sicily. V: 409-642 [32]
Argus Monster with a hundred eyes and the protector of Io. I: 625-720, II: 533 [33]
Atalanta (huntress) Arcadian huntress. VIII: 317-426 [34]
Atalanta (princess) Daughter of the Boeotian King Schoeneus. X: 560-669 [35]
Athamas Son of Aeolus and husband of Ino (daughter of Cadmus). III: 564, IV: 420-517, XIII: 919 [36]
Athis One of Phineus' men at Perseus' wedding. V: 47-62 [37]
Atlas Titan, son of Iapetus. He was metamorphosed into the North-West-African Atlas Mountains after he supported the Titans against the Olympian gods during the Titanomachy. He holds Uranus (the sky) on his shoulders. I: 682, II: 296-742, IV: 628-772, VI: 174, IX: 273, XV: 149 [38]
Aurora Goddess of dawn and wife of Tithonus. Aurora is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Eos. II: 112-144, III: 149-600, IV: 629, V: 440, VI: 47, VII: 100-835, IX: 421, XIII: 576-621, XIV: 228, XV: 665 [39][40]
Autolycus Son of Mercury and Chione and grandfather of Ulysses through his daughter, Anticlea. VIII: 738, XI: 313 [41]
Bacchus God of wine, both its intoxicating effects as well as its social and beneficent influences. Son of Jupiter and Semele. He is viewed as the promoter of peace, a lawgiver, and a lover of peace. Roman equivalent of the Greek Dionysus. III: 316-733, IV: 3-613, V: 329, VI: 125-598, VII: 294-359, XI: 85-134, XII: 578, XIII: 639-651, XV: 114-413 [42][43]
Battus Old man from Pylos. II: 688 [44]
Baucis Wife of Philemon. VIII: 631-714 [45]
Boreas The Northern wind. Greek name of the Roman Aquilo. I: 64, VI: 682-702, VII: 695, XII: 24, XIII: 418, XV: 471 [46]
Byblis Daughter of Miletus. Byblis fell incestuously in love with Caunus, but as she could not get him she tried to kill herself, but was metamorphosed into a nymph. IX: 447-654 [47]
Cadmus Son of Agenor (who was king of Tyre, Phoenicia), brother of Europa, husband of Venus' daughter Harmonia, and the founder of Thebes. Cadmus was sent out to find and return his sister, Europa, to Phoenicia after she had been abducted by Jupiter. III: 3-564, IV: 472-595, VI: 177 [48]
Caeneus/Caenis Born the daughter - Caenis - of the Lapith Elatus. She was metamorphosed into an invulnerable, male hero - Caeneus - by Neptunus. VIII: 305, XII: 172-514 [49]
Calchas Son of Thestor. Calchas was the Argive augur of the Greeks in the Trojan War. XII: 19-27 [50]
Calliope Muse and mother of Orpheus. V: 338, X: 148 [51]
Callisto Nymph and daughter of Lycaon. One of the followers of Diana. II: 443-508 [52]
Canens Nymph, daughter of Janus and Venilia, and wife of King Picus. Her husband was metamorphosed into a woodpecker by Circe, because he scorned her love, and when Canens could not find her metamorphosed husband she killed herself. XIV: 338-434 [53]
Cassandra Daughter of King Priam of Troy. She was a priestess of Apollo, gifted with the ability to predict the future but cursed so nobody would ever believe her prophecies. Cassandra was raped by Ajax the Lesser and taken as a concubine for Agamemnon at the fall of Troy, but they were later both killed by Agamemnons wife, Clytemnestra. XIII: 410, XIV: 468 [54]
Caunus Son of Miletus and brother of Byblis. Byblis fell incestuously in love with Caunus, but as she could not get him she tried to kill herself, but was metamorphosed into a nymph. IX: 453-633 [55]
Cecrops The mythical founder Athens. He is often depicted with his lower body as a snake. II: 555-784, VI: 70, VII: 485, VIII: 550, XV: 427 [56]
Cephalus Grandson of Aeolus and husband of Procris. Cephalus was an Athenian noble who accidentally killed his wife. VI: 681, VII: 493-865, VIII: 4 [57]
Ceres Goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships. Roman equivalent of the Greek Demeter. I: 123, V: 110-660, VI: 118, VII: 439, VIII: 274-814, IX: 422, X: 74-431, XI: 112-122, XIII: 639, XV: 122 [58][59]
Ceyx Son of Lucifer, husband of Alcyone, and king of Thrace. He died in a shipwreck. XI: 271-740 [60]
Chariclo The mother of Ocyrhoë by Chiron. II: 636 [61]
Charybdis Daughter of Neptunus and Gaia. Charybdis was once a naiad, but was metamorphosed into a monster at the Sicilian coast by the Strait of Messina, opposite of the sea monster Scylla. Charybdis was a maelstrom which sucked any ship passing too close by into the deeps. VII: 63, VIII: 121, XIII: 730, XIV: 75 [62]
Chione Daughter of Daedalion. XI: 301 [63]
Chiron Centaur, son of Philyra and Saturnus and father of Ocyrhoë. Chiron was known for his wisdom and raised many heroes and godsons. Chiron was immortal since he was son of the Titan Saturnus, but after being hit by one of Hercules' arrows by accident he was poisoned by the Lernaean Hydra's blood. He then asked for death and was given it. When he died he was metamorphosed into the constellation known as Centaurus. II: 630-676, VI: 126 [64]
Cinyras Son of Pygmalion's daughter Paphos, husband of Cenchreis, father of Myrrha and Adonis, and king of Cyprus. He was deceived and seduced by Myrrha from which the result was Adonis. X: 298-472 [65]
Cipus Roman legendary commander. XV: 565-621 [66]
Circe Daughter of Helius and Perse. Circe was a goddess skilled in magic. IV: 205, XIII: 968, XIV: 9-446, XV: 717 [67]
Clymene Daughter of Tethys, the wife the Ethiopian King Merops, and the mother of Phaëton and the Heliades by Helius. I: 756-766, II: 19-334, IV: 204 [68]
Cornix Daughter of Coroneus og Phocis. She was attacked by Neptunus, but was delivered from him by Minerva, who metamorphosed her into a crow. II: 547-595 [69]
Cupid God of desire and erotic love, son of Mars and Venus. Roman equivalent of the Greek Eros. I: 455-463, IV: 321, V: 374-379, VII: 73, IX: 482-543 [70][71]
Cyane Nymph and spring in Syracus, Sicily. V: 409-470 [72]
Cyáneë (or Cyanee) Nymph, daughter of Maeander and mother of Caunus and Byblis by Miletus. IX: 452 [73]
Cybele Phrygian goddess, the Mother of the gods. She is depicted with a turreted crown. X: 696-704, XIV: 535-546 [74]
Cygnus (1) Son of Sthenelous and friend and relative of Phaëton. II: 367, XII: 581 [75]
Cygnus (2) Son of Apollo and the nymph Hyrie. A spoiled youth he had been given tamed animals by Phylius, but when he was denied a bull he tried to kill himself, and was metamorphosed into a swan. VII: 371 [76]
Cygnus (3) Son of Neptunus. He was a Trojan hero, invulnerable because he was the son of Neptunus, but still mortal. XII: 71-169 [77]
Cyllarus Centaur, husband of Hylonome. He dearly loved his centaur wife, but participating in the battle against the Lapiths he was fatally wounded by a spear. He died in the arms of Hylonome, who took her own life shortly afterwards to join him. XII: 393-420 [78]
Cyparissus Loved by Apollo, he was given a tame deer by the god, which he accidentally killed with a javelin. X: 120-130 [79]
Daedalion Brother of Ceyx. XI: 295-340 [80]
Daedalus Architect, inventor, and the father of Icarus. He constructed wings made of feathers and wax for him and his son to escape from Crete. VIII: 159-260, IX: 742 [81]
Daphne Nymph, daughter of Peneus. She was metamorphosed into a laurel to escape the amorous god Apollo. As a sign of his love for her, Apollo wears the laurel around his head. I: 452-547 [82]
Deïanira Daughter of Oeneus, sister of Meleager, wife of Hercules. Famous for unwittingly killing Hercules with the Shirt of Nessus. VIII: 542, IX: 8-137 [83]
Deucalion Son of Prometheus. I: 318-391, VI: 120, VII: 356 [84]
Diana Goddess of the hunt, associated with the Moon, daughter of Jupiter and Latona, and sister of Apollo. Roman equivalent of the Greek Artemis. I: 476-694, II: 414-425, III: 156-251, IV: 304, V: 329-641, VII: 746-754, VIII: 272-579, IX: 90, X: 536, XI: 322, XII: 35-267, XIII: 185, XIV: 331, XV: 196-549 [85][86]
Diomedes (Thracian king) Son of Mars and Cyrene and king of Thrace. He was known for his man-eating horses. Diomedes was killed by Hercules. IX: 195 [87]
Diomedes (Greek hero) Son of Tydeus and friend of Ulysses. Greek hero in the Trojan War where he wounded Venus when the goddess interfered in the battle. XII: 622, XIII: 68-351, XIV: 457-512, XV: 769-806 [88]
Dis God of the underworld. Roman equivalent of Pluto. II: 261, IV: 438-510, V: 356-569, VII: 249, XV: 534 [89][90]
Dryope Daughter of King Eurytus of Oechalia and half-sister of Iolë. IX: 331-364 [91]
Egeria Nymph, wife of Numa, the second king of Rome. XV: 547-550 [92]
Echo Nymph who could only repeat others, not talk for herself. She fell in love with Narcissus, but was rejected as everyone else. In her heartache she faded away until nothing was left, but her voice. III: 358-507 [93]
Erysichthon Son of Triopas and king of Thessaly. He was punished with insatiable hunger for killing a nymph and sold everything he owned, including his daughter, Mestra. Nothing could satisfy his hunger and eventually he ate himself to death. VIII: 739-823 [94]
Europa Daughter of the Phoenician King Agenor, sister of Cadmus, and the mother of Minos by Jupiter. II: 844-868, III: 3-258, VI: 103, VIII: 23-120 [95]
Eurydice Nymph, wife of Orpheus. She was killed by a snakebite, prompting Orpheus to seek a way to bring her back to life, which he attempted but failed at. X: 8-48, XI: 63-66 [96]
Eurytus (1) Father of Hippasus. VIII: 371 [97]
Eurytus (2) Father of Iolë and Dryope and king of Oechalia, Euboea. IX: 356-363 [98]
Eurytus (3) Centaur who tried to kidnap Hippodame at her and Theseus' wedding, but was killed by the latter in the attempt. XII: 220-238 [99]
Galanthis One of Alcmene's maids. IX:306-323 [100]
Galatea (deity) The nereid (sea-nymph) who fell in love with the spirit of the Acis River in Sicily, Acis. XIII: 738-880 [101]
Galatea (statue) A statue carved out of ivory by Pygmalion. Pygmalion fell in love with Galatea and after Pygmalion had sacrificed to Venus (mythology) during her festival, Galatea was made into a real woman. X: 247-297 [102]
Ganymede Son of the Dardanian King Tros and brother of Ilus (the founder of Ilion) and Assaracus (the grandfather of Aeneas). X: 155-160, XI: 756 [103]
Glaucus Boeotic fisherman who was metamorphosed into a sea god. VII: 233, XIII: 906-916, XIV: 11-68 [104]
Hecuba The wife and queen of King Priam of Troy. XI: 761, XIII: 404-620 [105]
Hercules Demigod, son of Jupiter and the mortal Alcmene. Famous for his strength, solving the twelve labors set by King Eurystheus. He was killed unwittingly by his wife Deïanira using the Shirt of Nessus. Hercules is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Heracles. VII: 364-410, VIII: 542, IX: 13-400, XI: 213-626, XII: 309-575, XIII: 51-401, XV: 8-284 [106][107]
Hermaphroditus Son of Venus and Mercury. He was born as a handsome boy, but was metamorphosed into an androgynous being when he was fused with the nymph Salmacis. IV: 291-383 [108]
Herse One of the three daughters of Cecrops, her sisters being Aglaulus and Pandrosus. II: 559-809 [109]
Hersilia Wife and queen of Romulus. Deified as Hora. XIV: 831-847 [110]
Hesperia Aesacus' lover. XI: 768 [111]
Hippodame Daughter of Adrastos and wife of Theseus. XII: 210 [112]
Hippolytus Son of Theseus and the Amazon Queen Antiope and stepson of Phaedra. Phaedra tried to seduce Hippolytus, but as he rejected her she convinced Theseus that Hippolytus had raped her. This made Theseus use one of his three wishes to curse Hippolytus which eventually killed him. Hippolytus was deified as Virbius. XV: 497-543 [113]
Hippomenes Son of Megareus and descendant of Neptunus through his grandfather, Onchestus. Raced and won over Atalante (the princess) with the help of Venus, thereby winning Atalante's hand. They were both metamorphosed into lions after having had intercourse in a temple. X: 575-668 [114]
Hyacinthus A beautiful boy loved by Apollo. One day as Apollo was throwing a discus and Hyacinthus ran to catch it, he was struck by the discus and died. Apollo made the hyacinth in his memory. X: 162-217, XIII: 396 [115]
Hylonome Female centaur. She was present at the battle against the Lapiths, where she lost her husband, the centaur Cyllarus. Heartbroken, she committed suicide to join him XII: 405-423 [116]
Ianthe Cretan girl who was engaged to Iphis (Cretan girl). IX: 715-797 [117]
Icarus Son of Daedalus. Daedalus constructed wings made of feathers and wax for him and his son to escape from Crete. Icarus flew too close to the Sun which made the wax melt and Icarus fell to his death in the sea. VIII: 196-235 [118]
Idmon Father of Arachne. VI: 8-133 [119]
Ilia Daughter of Numitor and descendant of Aeneas. She was by Mars the mother of the twins Romulus and Remus, the two founders of Rome. Her alternative name is Rhea Silvia. XIV: 780-823 [120]
Inachus River deity in Argolis and father of Io. I: 583-645, IX: 686 [121]
Ino Daughter of Cadmus and queen of Thebes. Deified as Leucothea. III: 313-722, IV: 417-543 [122]
Io Nymph, daughter of Inachus. Io was the lover of Jupiter and in jealousy Juno metamorphosed Io into a cow. Io wandered until she reached Egypt where she prayed that the punishment would end. Jupiter heard her and calmed Juno. Juno metamorphosed Io into a human form again, but in the process also deified her as the Egyptian goddess Isis. I: 628-747, II: 524, IX: 686 [123]
Iphigenia Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. XII: 30-34, XIII: 185 [124]
Iphis (Cretan) Daughter of Telethusa and Ligdus. She was raised as a boy and fell in love with the girl Ianthe. Iphis prayed that the women could be married so the Egyptian goddess Isis metamorphosed Iphis into a man. IX: 668-797 [125]
Iphis (Cyprian) Young man in Cyprus. When he was rejected by Anaxarete whom he loved, he committed suicide. XIV: 698-753 [126]
Iris Goddess of the rainbow and daughter of Thaumas. She was the messenger of Juno. I: 271, IV: 479, VI: 63, XI: 585-622, XIV: 85-838 [127][128]
Isis Egyptian goddess recognized by the Greeks and Romans. In the Metamorphoses she is identified with the re-metamorphosed Io. I: 747, IX: 686-773 [129]
Itys Son of Procne and Tereus. Itys was fed to Tereus by his mother in revenge for Tereus' raping her sister, Philomela, and cutting out her tongue. VI: 437-658 [130]
Ixion Father of Pirithous, and king of the Lapiths in Thessaly. He was invited to the banquet of the Olympian gods, but instead of being grateful he tried to rape his hostess, Juno. Juno transformed herself into a cloud from which the centaurs were born. Ixion was punished in Tartarus by being bound to an ever-spinning wheel of fire. IV: 461-464, VIII: 403, IX: 123, X: 42, XII: 210-504 [131]
Jason Son of King Aeson of Iolcus, Thessaly. Jason was sent to Colchis to get the golden fleece by his uncle Pelias, who had usurped the throne from Aeson. For this expedition Jason collected a large number of heroes, the Argonauts, and let the ship Argo build. VII: 5-397, VIII: 302-349 [132]
Juno Sister and wife of Jupiter. Roman equivalent of the Greek Hera. I: 270-738, II: 435-531, III: 256-362, IV: 173-549, VI: 89-428, VIII: 220, IX: 15-796, X: 506, XI: 578-648, XII: 504, XIII: 574, XIV: 85-829, XV: 164-774 [133][134]
Jupiter King of the gods, and the god of sky and thunder. Roman equivalent of the Greek Zeus. I: 106-749, II: 60-836, III: 6-363, IV: 3-799, V: 11-564, VI: 51-801, VII: 367-801, VIII: 50-703, IX: 24-499, X: 148-161, XI: 41-756, XII: 11-561, XIII: 5-857, XIV: 594-807, XV: 12-871 [135][136]
Laomedon Father of Priam and king of Troy. VI: 96, XI: 196-757, XIII: 417 [137]
Latona Daughter of the Titan Coeus and by Jupiter mother of Apollo and Diana, whom she gave birth to in Delos. Latona is the Roman name of the Greek Leto. VI: 159-346, VII: 384 [138]
Latreus Centaur who killed Halesus, but was shortly after killed by Caeneus. 462-493 [139]
Lethaea Wife of Olenus. She boasted that she was more beautiful than any god and was turned to stone. Her husband chose to share her fate though he could have avoided it. X: 69 [140]
Leucothea Name of the deified form of Ino (she was metamorphosed into a sea goddess). IV: 542 [141]
Lichas Deïanira's servant who brought Hercules the poisoned Shirt of Nessus. V::: 272 [142]
Lycaon King of Arcadia. I: 165-221, II: 495-526 [143]
Macareus (1) One of the Lapiths. XII: 452 [144]
Macareus (2) Son of Neritus and one of Ulysses' men. XIV: 158-441 [145]
Mars God of war. Roman equivalent of the Greek Ares. III: 32-132, IV: 171, VI: 70, VII: 101, XII: 90, XIV: 806-818, XV: 863 [146][147]
Medea Daughter of King Aeetes of Colchis. She protected Jason from the tasks her father set him, and eventually married him. When he divorced her, she went insane, killed her old family, and married Aegeus. VII: 10-424 [148]
Medusa The most famous of the three Gorgons, daughters of the sea god Phorcys. Medusa was a terrible monster that turned people to stone if they beheld her, but was killed by Perseus and from her blood sprang Pegasus, the winged horse. IV: 616-801, V: 69-248, VI: 119 [149]
Meleager Foster son of King Oeneus of Calydon, son of Althaea by Mars, and husband of Cleopatra. VIII: 270-515, IX: 149 [150]
Memnon Son of Aurora and Tithonus and king of Ethiopia, allied with Troy. XIII: 278-600 [151]
Mercury Messenger of the gods, especially of Jupiter. Son of the Pleiade Maia and Jupiter. Roman equivalent of the Greek Hermes. I: 669-713, II: 685-834, IV: 187-754, VIII: 627, XI: 303-307, XIII: 146 [152][153]
Midas King of Phrygia. Midas was granted the ability to turn everything he touched into gold by Bacchus, but when he saw that he could not even drink and eat and after he had turned his daughter into gold he hated his new-gained power. Bacchus advised him to wash the magic off in the river Pactolus. Later Midas was called upon to decide whether Pan or Apollo played the most beautiful music, but doubting that Apollo was the best he was given donkey ears. XI: 92-194 [154]
Minerva Virgin goddess of the war, art, wisdom, and science, daughter of Jupiter, and protector of Athens. Roman equivalent of the Greek Athena. II: 709-835, IV: 33-799, V: 250-334, VI: 23-43, VIII: 252, XIII: 344, XIV: 475, XV: 709 [155][156]
Minos Son of Jupiter and Europa, king of Crete, husband of Pasiphaë, and father of Ariadne. After his death he became judge of the dead in the underworld. VII: 456-504, VIII: 6-262, IX: 437-445 [157]
Minotaurus A cannibalistic monster, half bull and half man, he was the issue of Queen Pasiphaë's affair with a bull, which had been sent to Crete by Neptunus to be sacrificed, but was spared by Minos. Daedalus created a plinth the shape of a heifer which Pasiphaë could hide inside, in that way making the bull cover her. Minotaurus was killed by Theseus. VIII: 133-169 [158]
Morpheus God of dreams. XI: 635-671 [159][160]
Myrrha Granddaughter of Pygmalion, daughter of King Cinyras of Cyprus, and mother of Adonis by Cinyras. She tricked her father into intercourse, but was discovered and fled. After having been on the run for 9 months she asked the gods not to be seen among those alive or dead, and was thus metamorphosed into the myrrh tree. A month later the tree gave birth to Adonis. X: 317-476 [161]
Myscelus Son of Alemon. XV: 19-47 [162]
Narcissus Son of Liriope. He fell in love with his own reflection and wasted away until death. When he died he was metamorphosed into the plant of the same name. III: 346-413 [163]
Neptunus God of the sea and waters. Brother of Jupiter. Roman equivalent of the Greek Poseidon. I: 275-330, II: 270-573, IV: 532-798, V: 370, VI: 71-115, VIII: 851-867, X: 606, XI: 202, XII: 25-585, XIII: 854 [164][165]
Nessus Centaur famously known for being mortally wounded by Hercules, and on his deathbed deceiving Hercules' wife, Deïanira, into using his tainted blood to kill Hercules. IX: 101-153, XII: 308-454 [166]
Nestor Son of Neleus and king of Pylos. VIII: 313-365, XII: 169-578, XIII: 63, XV: 65 [167]
Niobe Daughter of Tantalus and wife of King Amphion of Thebes. Boasted that she had more children than Latona. In revenge the goddess' two children, Diana and Apollo, killed all of Niobe's. In grief she wept until she was turned to stone. VI: 148-298 [168]
Numa King of Rome after Romulus. XV: 3-479 [169]
Nyctimene A woman from Lesbos. Metamorphosed by Minerva into an owl after she had had intercourse with her father. II: 590 [170]
Ocyrhoë Daughter of Chiron and Chariclo; possessed by Apollo in his quality as god of prophecy. She was metamorphosed into a mare. II: 637-675 [171]
Olenus (1) Father of Tectaphus the Lapith. XII: 433 [172]
Olenus (2) Husband to Lethaea with whom he was turned to stone. X: 68 [173]
Ops Sister and wife of Saturnus, and by him mother of Jupiter and the Olympian gods. Roman equivalent of the Greek Rhea. IX: 497 [174][175]
Orithyia Daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. VI: 683, VII: 694-695 [176]
Orpheus Son of Apollo and the Muse Calliope. Legendary musician, poet, and prophet. X: 3-79, XI: 1-93 [177]
Pan God of shepherds and the forest with a goat's beard, -horns, and -legs. I: 699-707, VI: 329, XI: 147-171, XIV: 515 [178][179]
Paphos The daughter of Pygmalion and Galathea, mother of Cinyras, and grandmother of Myrrha and Adonis. X: 297 [180]
Paris Son of Hecuba and King Priam of Troy. He was famous for seducing and abducting Helen of Sparta (later Helen of Troy) with the help of Venus. Helen's husband, Menelaus, along with Agamemnon invoked The Oath of Tyndareus, thereby starting the Trojan War. VII: 631, XII: 4-605, XIII: 200-501, XV: 805 [181]
Pegasus Winged horse, born from the blood of Medusa. Its clops made the spring Hippocrene by Helicon well up. IV: 786, V: 257-312, VI: 120 [182]
Peleus Son of Aeacus, brother of Telamon, half-brother of Phocus, and father of Achilles. VII: 476-669, VIII: 3-380, XI: 217-397, XII: 82-387, XIII: 151-155, XV: 856 [183]
Pelias Brother of Aeson, from whom he usurped the throne of Iolcus. He later sent Aeson's son Jason to get the golden fleece. VII: 298-343 [184]
Pentheus Son of Echion and king of Thebes. III: 524-730, IV: 22-429 [185]
Perdix Nephew of Daedalus. VIII: 251 [186]
Perseus Son of Danaë and Jupiter. Jupiter fell into Danaë's womb as a golden rain while she was imprisoned in a tower by her father, Acrisius, because it had been foreseen that his daughter's son would cause his death. When Perseus was born, Acrisius put him and his mother in a coffin which he set afloat. The coffin drifted to Seriphus where King Polydectes later wanted Danaë. In order to get rid of Perseus he sent him on the seemingly impossible quest to slay the gorgon Medusa, but Perseus borrowed an invisibility hat, winged sandals, and a scimitar from Mercury and was helped by Minerva. IV: 611-792, V: 1-250 [187]
Phaedra Daughter of Pasiphaë and Minos. XV: 500 [188]
Phaëton Son of Apollo and Clymene. I: 750-776, II: 19-400, IV: 246, X: 262, XII: 581 [189]
Philemon Husband of Baucis. VIII: 631-714 [190]
Philomela Daughter of Pandion and sister of Procne. She was raped by her brother-in-law, Tereus. To make sure she did not tell Procne he muted her by cutting out her tongue and imprisoned her in a forest. A year later she was rescued by her sister and in revenge the sisters fed Tereus his and Procne's son, Itys. Philomela was metamorphosed into a bird along with her sister and brother-in-law. VI: 451-657 [191]
Phineus (1) Brother of Cepheus and betrothed to Andromeda before Perseus. Killed by the latter. V: 8-231 [192]
Phineus (2) Blind king of Salmydessos, Thrace. His sons were seduced by his queen, their stepmother, so he blinded them. As a punishment the harpies would plague him by stealing or tainting his food. He was relieved from the harpies by Zetes and Calais. VII: 2 [193]
Phocus Son of Aeacus and the nymph Psamanthe and half-brother of Peleus and Telamon. VII: 477-796, XI: 267-381 [194]
Picus Son of Saturnus and king of Laurentum near Rome. XIV: 320-397 [195]
Pirithous Son of Ixion, friend of Theseus, and king of the Lapiths. VIII: 303-567, XII: 210-332 [196]
Polydectes King of Seriphus. He ordered that Perseus kill the gorgon Medusa to get him apart from his mother, whom Polydectes wanted. V: 243-249 [197]
Polydorus Son of Queen Hecuba and King Priam of Troy. XIII: 431-629 [198]
Polymestor King of Thrace. XIII: 430-554 [199]
Polyphemus Cyclops, son of Neptunus. XIII: 744-779, XIV: 167-249 [200]
Polyxena Daughter of Queen Hecuba and King Priam of Troy. XIII: 448-483 [201]
Pomona Italic nymph. XIV: 623-767 [202]
Priam Son of Laomedon, husband of Hecuba, and last king of Troy. XI: 758, XII; 607, XIII: 99-519, XIV: 474, XV: 437 [203]
Procne Daughter of Pandion, wife of Tereus, sister of Philomela, and mother of Itys. She feeds Itys to Tereus after he has raped Philomela and cut out her tongue. She was metamorphosed into a bird along with her sister and husband. VI: 428-653 [204]
Procris Daughter of Erechteus of Athens and wife of Cephalus, who accidentally kills her with his hunting spear (which never misses) because he mistook her for a boar. VI: 681, VII: 694-845 [205]
Proserpina Daughter of Ceres and Jupiter, wife of Pluto, and queen of the Underworld. She is kidnapped by Pluto and eats of the pomegranate seeds while in the Underworld. She is sentenced by Jove to spend half the year with Ceres, half with Pluto. Roman equivalent of the Greek Persephone. II: 261, V: 377-555, VII: 249-728 [206][207]
Pygmalion Sculptor from Cyptrus, father of Paphos, grandfather of Cinyras, and great-grandfather of Myrrha and Adonis. A bachelor, Pygmalion sculpts a beautiful woman out of ivory. He falls in love with this statue and prays to Venus to bring it to life. She grants his prayer, and the statue, Galatea, has a daughter with him, Paphos. X: 243-296 [208]
Pyramus Young man from Babylon who is the boyfriend of Thisbe whom he is not allowed to marry. IV: 55-163 [209]
Pyreneus A tyrant who chases the muses. V: 274 [210]
Pyrrha Daughter of Epimetheus (the brother of Prometheus) and wife of her cousin Deucalion. I: 319-395 [211]
Pythagoras Ionian philosopher and mathematician from Samos. He is described as a wise man who had gazed at and understood things and the mechanisms behind them; something nature usually denies men to see. In his great speech he teaches among other things about the changeability of everything, the benefits of vegetarianism, and Phoenix. XV: 60-478 [212]
Quirinus The name of the deified form of Romulus. XIV: 828-863 [213]
Romulus The founder of Rome. Son of Ilia and Mars. He took the name Quirinus upon his deification. XIV: 799-846, XV: 560 [214]
Saturnus Roman god of agriculture and harvest. Brother and husband of Ops and father of Jupiter and his siblings. Saturnus led the rebellion against Uranus, but was later overthrown by Jupiter who precipitated him into Tartarus. Roman equivalent of the Greek Cronus. I: 113, VI: 125, IX: 497, XIV: 320, XV: 858 [215][216]
Scylla (sea bird) Daughter of King Nisus of Megara. She fell in love with Minos, king of a besieging army and betrayed her city to him, but he spurned her. Was transformed into a sea bird, pursued by her father who was transformed into a sea eagle. VIII: 17-104 [217]
Scylla (sea monster) Daughter of Crataeis. Metamorphosed, by Circe, into a terrifying sea monster on the Italian coast by the Strait of Messina with fierce dogs around her waist, snapping sailors passing by. VII: 64, XIII: 730-966, XIV: 18-70 [218]
Semele Daughter of Cadmus and mother of Bacchus by [Jupiter. III: 260-520, IV: 422, V: 329 [219]
Sibyl Prophetess in Cumae. XIV: 104-154, XV: 712 [220]
Syrinx Arcadian nymph. To hide from the amorous Pan she was metamorphosed into hollow water reeds. I: 691-712 [221]
Telamon Son of Aecus, brother of Peleus, half-brother of Phocus, and father of Ajax. VII: 476-669, VIII: 3-378, XI: 216, XII: 624, XIII: 22-345 [222]
Tereus Son of Mars, father of Itys, husband of Procne, and king of Thrace. He raped Philomela (Procne's sister), then cut out her tongue, but was later tricked by Philomela and Procne into eating Itys. Ultimately both sisters and Tereus were metamorphosed into birds. VI: 424-681 [223]
Themis Goddess of law, justice, and prophecy and daughter of Uranus (the sky) and Gaia (the earth). She was the predecessor of Apollo as Oracle of Delphi I: 321-381, IV: 643, IX: 403-418 [224][225]
Theseus Son of Aethra and Aegeus. During a visit at King Pittheus of Troizen Aegeus slept with the king's daughter, Aethra. He hid his sword under a rock and told Aethra that if she bore him a son she should tell this son when he was strong enough to remove the rock. He should then travel to Athens with the sign of his origin, the sword. VII: 404-434, VIII: 262-726, IX: 1, XII: 227-355, XV: 492 [226]
Thetis Nymph, daughter of Nereus and mother of Achilles. XI: 221-400, XII: 93-193, XIII: 162-301 [227]
Thisbe Pyramus' girlfriend whom he is forbidden to wed. When they decide to meet a lioness scares off Thisbe and mutilates the veil she left behind. Pyramus finds the veil and believing Thisbe is dead he kills himself. When Thisbe finds his corpse she kills herself as well. The mulberry fruits were given their stained colour to symbolize the forbidden love. IV: 55-163 [228]
Tiresias Blind prophet in Thebes, famous for clairvoyance. III: 322-516, VI: 157 [229]
Tisiphone One of the Erinyes. IV: 474-495 [230]
Triton Sea god, son of Neptunus. I: 331, II: 8, XIII: 919 [231]
Ulysses King of Ithaca. Son of Laërtes and Anticlea. VIII: 315, XII: 625, XIII: 6-773, XIV: 71-671 [232]
Urania The muse of astronomy. V: 260-294 [233]
Venus Goddess of love. Roman equivalent of the Greek Aphrodite. I: 463, III: 132, IV: 171-531, V: 331, VII: 802, IX: 424-796, X: 224-717, XIII: 759, XIV: 27-788, XV: 762-843 [234][235]
Vertumnus The god of seasons, change and plant growth, as well as gardens and fruit trees. He seduces Pomona. XIV: 641-765 [236][237]
Vesta Goddess of hearth, home and family. She had a sacred fire which was tended to by six virgin priestesses, Vestals, and which was connected to the safety of the city. The priestesses were severely punished if the fire went out and it was to be rekindled from the rays of the sun if that happened. Roman equivalent of the Greek Hestia. XV: 730-865 [238][239]
Virbius Name of the deified form of Hippolytus. XV: 544 [240]
Vulcanus God of forging and fire. Son of Jupiter and Juno and husband of Venus. Forged among other things the weapons of Achilles. Roman equivalent of the Greek Hephaistos. II: 106-437, IX: 251, XII: 614 [241][242]

References[edit]

Citations
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  2. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 130–214
  3. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 187–357
  4. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 305–309
  5. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 324
  6. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 89–92
  7. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 78–93
  8. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 239–245
  9. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 168–286
  10. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 155–159
  11. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 166–357
  12. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 302–357
  13. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 266–268
  14. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 67
  15. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 156–163
  16. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 284–357
  17. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 65–72
  18. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 284–296
  19. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 284–323
  20. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 137–213
  21. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 256–265
  22. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 191–193
  23. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 330–331
  24. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 112–120
  25. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 302–303
  26. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 41–357
  27. ^ Bulfinch 1942, pp. 8–21
  28. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 30–347
  29. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 180
  30. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 134–138
  31. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 62–63
  32. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 127–133
  33. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 45–64
  34. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 187–190
  35. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 240–243
  36. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 89–309
  37. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 117–118
  38. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 47–339
  39. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 53–352
  40. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 211
  41. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 198–254
  42. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 82–345
  43. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 9
  44. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 68
  45. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 196–198
  46. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 30–347
  47. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 215–221
  48. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 74–139
  49. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 187–282
  50. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 268–269
  51. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 125–148
  52. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 62–63
  53. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 320–322
  54. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 296–323
  55. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 215–220
  56. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 65–345
  57. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 153–179
  58. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 32–338
  59. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 9
  60. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 253–265
  61. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 67
  62. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 157–313
  63. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 254
  64. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 67–137
  65. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 232–237
  66. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 349–351
  67. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 99–353
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  69. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 62–66
  70. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 41–217
  71. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 8
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  73. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 215
  74. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 243–326
  75. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 60–283
  76. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 165
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  78. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 278–279
  79. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 228
  80. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 254–255
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  83. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 193–207
  84. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 37–164
  85. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 41–300
  86. ^ Bulfinch 1942, pp. 8+36
  87. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 208
  88. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 284–356
  89. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 36–348
  90. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 7
  91. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 212–213
  92. ^ Ovid 1971, p. 349
  93. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 83–87
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  96. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 225–247
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  102. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 231–232
  103. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 229–266
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  110. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 333–334
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  120. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 332–333
  121. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 44–221
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  123. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 45–221
  124. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 269–290
  125. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 221–224
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  131. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 106–281
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  158. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 182–183
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  168. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 138–142
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  217. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 179–182
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  219. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 81–125
  220. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 314–353
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  222. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 168–294
  223. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 126–153
  224. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 37–214
  225. ^ Bulfinch 1942, pp. 6–12
  226. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 166–347
  227. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 252–293
  228. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 95–98
  229. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 82–138
  230. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 106–107
  231. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 38–309
  232. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 187–329
  233. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 123-1240
  234. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 41–357
  235. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 8
  236. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 328–331
  237. ^ Bulfinch 1942, pp. 77–81
  238. ^ Ovid 1971, pp. 354–357
  239. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 12
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  242. ^ Bulfinch 1942, p. 7+225
Bibliography