List of Mexico–United States border crossings

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There are 46 places where people can legally cross the Mexico–United States border.

Road crossings[edit]

Traffic approaching the San Ysidro, San Diego border inspection station
United States
Port of Entry
United States
Road/Highway
City and State Mexican
Port of Entry
Mexican
Road/Highway
City and State Structure or
Notable Feature

California–Baja California[edit]

San Ysidro I‑5 San Ysidro, San Diego, California El Chaparral Fed. 1 Tijuana, Baja California No Trucks
Otay Mesa SR 905 Otay Mesa, San Diego, California Mesa de Otay Boulevard Garita de Otay Tijuana, Baja California
Tecate SR 188 Tecate, California Tecate Avenida Presidente Lázaro Cárdenas Tecate, Baja California
Calexico West SR 111 Calexico, California Mexicali Calzada Adolfo López Mateos Mexicali, Baja California No Trucks
Calexico East SR 7 Calexico, California Mexicali Boulevard Abelardo L. Rodríguez Mexicali, Baja California
Andrade SR 186 Andrade, California Los Algodones Ave. Mariano Lee y calle 2a. Los Algodones, Baja California

Arizona–Sonora[edit]

San Luis US 95 San Luis, Arizona San Luis Río Colorado Calle 1 San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora No Trucks
San Luis II SR 195 San Luis, Arizona San Luis Río Colorado 2 Fed. 2 San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora
Lukeville SR 85 Lukeville, Arizona Sonoyta Fed. 8 (Benemérito de las Americas) Sonoyta, Sonora
Sasabe SR 286 Sasabe, Arizona Sasabe Calle Sásabe El Sásabe, Sonora
Nogales–Mariposa SR 189 Nogales, Arizona Mariposa Fed. 15 Nogales, Sonora
Nogales-Grand Avenue I‑19 Nogales, Arizona Nogales Boulevard Adolfo López Mateos Nogales, Sonora No Trucks
Nogales-Morley Gate Morley Avenue Nogales, Arizona Nogales Plutarco Elias Calles Nogales, Sonora Pedestrians only
Naco D Street Naco, Arizona Naco Avenida Francisco I Madera Naco, Sonora
Douglas US 191 Douglas, Arizona Agua Prieta Calzada Panamericana Agua Prieta, Sonora

New Mexico–Chihuahua[edit]

Antelope Wells NM 81 Antelope Wells, New Mexico El Berrendo Carretera El Berrendo-Janos El Berrendo, Chihuahua
Columbus NM 11 Columbus, New Mexico Palomas Calzada 5 de Mayo Puerto Palomas, Chihuahua
Santa Teresa NM 136 (Pete Domenici Boulevard) Santa Teresa, New Mexico San Jeronimo Carretera Samalayuca el Oasis San Jerónimo, Chihuahua

Texas–Chihuahua[edit]

El Paso-PDN El Paso Street El Paso, Texas Santa Fe Vial Juan Gabriel Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua One-way northbound only; no trucks; two-way for pedestrians; Paso del Norte International Bridge
El Paso-Stanton US 85 El Paso, Texas Lerdo Calle Lerdo Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Northbound SENTRI-only; Stanton Street Bridge
El Paso–BOTA I‑110 El Paso, Texas Cordova Avenida Abraham Lincoln Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Bridge of the Americas
El Paso–Ysleta Zaragoza Road El Paso, Texas Zaragoza Avendida Zaragoza Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Ysleta–Zaragoza International Bridge
Fabens FM 1109 Fabens, Texas Caseta Avenida Cruz Rey Caseta, Chihuahua Fabens–Caseta International Bridge; no trucks; scheduled to be replaced by the new Tornillo-Guadalupe Port of Entry.
Fort Hancock FM 1088 Fort Hancock, Texas El Porvenir El Porvenir, Chihuahua Fort Hancock – El Porvenir International Bridge; no trucks
Presidio US 67 Presidio, Texas Ojinaga Fed. 16 Ojinaga, Chihuahua Presidio–Ojinaga International Bridge

Texas–Coahuila[edit]

Boquillas Big Bend National Park Big Bend, Texas Boquillas del Carmen Boquillas del Carmen, Coahuila Crossing re-opened in April, 2013. Transit of the Rio Grande can be accomplished by foot, burro or rowboat. Motor vehicles are not permitted. Border crossing is unstaffed. People entering the US must report for inspection using video kiosks. There are no Mexican border services at this location.
Amistad Dam SH Spur 349 Del Rio, Texas La Amistad Fed. 2 Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila Amistad Dam; no trucks
Del Rio SH Loop 239 Del Rio, Texas Acuña Francisco Javier Mina Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila Del Río – Ciudad Acuña International Bridge
Eagle Pass US 57 Eagle Pass, Texas Piedras Negras Fed. 57 Piedras Negras, Coahuila Eagle Pass – Piedras Negras International Bridge; no trucks
Eagle Pass II South Adams Eagle Pass, Texas Piedras Negras 2 Libramiento Sur Piedras Negras, Coahuila Camino Real International Bridge

Texas–Nuevo León[edit]

Laredo–Colombia Solidarity SH 255 Laredo, Texas Columbia Fed. 2 Colombia, Nuevo León Laredo Bridge 3
(Colombia – Solidarity International Bridge)

Texas–Tamaulipas[edit]

Laredo-World Trade I‑69W / US 59 / Loop 20 Laredo, Texas Nuevo Laredo Fed. 85D Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Laredo Bridge 4
Laredo Bridge 1 Convent Ave Laredo, Texas Nuevo Laredo Avenida Guerrero Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Laredo Bridge 1; no trucks
Laredo-Juarez/Lincoln I‑35 Laredo, Texas Nuevo Laredo Boulevard Leandro Valle Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Laredo Bridge 2
(Juárez–Lincoln International Bridge); no trucks
Falcon Dam Spur 2098 Falcon Heights, Texas Guererro Blas de la Garza Falcon Nueva Ciudad Guerrero, Tamaulipas Falcon Dam; no trucks
Roma Estrella Street Roma, Texas Miguel Aleman Avenida Venustiano Carranza Ciudad Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas Roma – Ciudad Miguel Alemán International Bridge
Rio Grande City Pete Díaz Avenue Rio Grande City, Texas Camargo Boulevard Ensenada Ciudad Camargo, Tamaulipas Rio Grande City – Camargo International Bridge
Los Ebanos FM 886 Los Ebanos, Texas Diaz Ordaz Avenida Adolfo Lopez Mateo Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Tamaulipas hand-pulled ferry crossing; no trucks
Anzalduas Bryan Road Mission, Texas Anzalduas Reynosa-Matamoros Highway Reynosa, Tamaulipas Anzalduas International Bridge; no trucks until 2015
Hidalgo US 281 Hidalgo, Texas Reynosa Luis Echeverria Alvarez Reynosa, Tamaulipas McAllen–Hidalgo–Reynosa International Bridge
Pharr South Cage Boulevard Pharr, Texas Reynosa Fed. 40 Reynosa, Tamaulipas Pharr–Reynosa International Bridge
Donna FM 493 Donna, Texas Río Bravo Carretera Reynosa-Matamoros Río Bravo, Tamaulipas Donna – Río Bravo International Bridge
(Alliance International Bridge); no trucks
Progreso FM 1015 Progreso, Texas Nuevo Progreso Benito Juarez Nuevo Progreso, Río Bravo, Tamaulipas Progreso – Nuevo Progreso International Bridge
Los Indios Cantu Road Los Indios, Texas Lucio Blanco Carretera Reynosa-Matamoros Matamoros, Tamaulipas Free Trade International Bridge
Brownsville - B&M Mexico Street Brownsville, Texas Matamoros Las Americas Matamoros, Tamaulipas Brownsville & Matamoros International Bridge; no trucks
Brownsville - Gateway SH 4 Brownsville, Texas Matamoros Alvaro Obregon Matamoros, Tamaulipas Gateway International Bridge; no trucks
Brownsville - Veterans I‑69E / US 77 / US 83 Brownsville, Texas Matamoros Avenida 5 de Mayo Matamoros, Tamaulipas Veterans International Bridge at Los Tomates

Closed road crossings[edit]

photo of closed border crossing
Closed Mexican border station at Lochiel, Arizona

This table includes only those roads where the governments of either the US or Mexico once had Customs or Immigration services.

Also included are places where certain legitimate vehiclular or vessel traffic has been permitted to cross the border in recent years.

United States
port of entry
City, State Mexico
port of entry
City, State Notes
San Ysidro - Virginia Avenue San Ysidro, San Diego, California El Chaparral Tijuana, Baja California For many years, all trucks entering the U.S. from Tijuana were inspected at this border crossing just west of the Interstate 5 crossing. It closed in 1984 when the Otay Mesa, San Diego crossing was completed, and where all truck traffic is now inspected.
Campo Campo, California Encinal Encinal, Baja California Once a popular crossing for tourists in the early 1900s, this crossing was permanently closed during World War II
San Miguel Gate Sells, Arizona El Bajio El Bajio, Sonora This crossing, also known also as "the Gate" has never been a legal border crossing for most people. Nomadic Native Americans are permitted use this gate to traverse their land on both sides of the border.
Lochiel Lochiel, Arizona Santa Cruz Santa Cruz de Noria, Sonora Station of Nogales which closed around 1980 due to lack of traffic. Both border inspection buildings remain.
Anapra Sunland Park, New Mexico Anapra Anapra, Chihuahua Border crossing was built in 1971 with funds from the NM and Juarez governments, with the vision of creating economic development by luring traffic from the busy El Paso crossings. However, with pressure by politicians from Texas who stood to lose liquor tax revenue, the US government refused to staff it. It is unclear if the port ever officially opened. The Mexican federal inspection canopy remains.
Cordova El Paso, Texas Cordova Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua When the waters of an 1897 Rio Grande flood receded, the river was found to have changed course, resulting in 386 acres of Mexican territory called "Cordova Island" situated north of the river. Boundary markers and a fence were eventually deployed. In 1959, a border crossing opened on the East side of the island. In 1963, Presidents Kennedy and Ordaz signed a treaty that settled the Chamizal dispute which redistributed land in the area between the US and Mexico. The location where the Cordova crossing was situated (which used to be the only Texas-Mexico border crossing not at the Rio Grande) now lies on Mexican land, on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. The crossing closed in 1967 when the new Bridge of the Americas crossing opened, where the new Rio Grande channel and new boundary was established.[1]
Heath Canyon Heath Canyon, Texas La Linda La Linda, Coahuila La Linda International Bridge. Bridge crossing was closed in 1989, but the barricaded bridge remains. Mexico had a border inspection station but the US did not.
San Ygnacio San Ygnacio, Texas San Ignacio San Ignacio, Tamaulipas A motor boat served as a passenger ferry during the 1950s and 1960s. The US Customs Service operated a border inspection station during those years.[2]
Zapata Zapata, Texas Guerrero Guerrero, Tamaulipas Suspension toll bridge was opened in 1931. In 1954, Falcon Dam was completed, and the rising waters left the old town of Zapata, along with the US Customs station and the bridge itself at the bottom of the Falcon International Reservoir. A new town center was constructed on higher ground outside town.[3]
Mercedes Mercedes, Texas Rio Rico Rio Rico, Tamaulipas The Thayer Bridge (also called the Rio Rico Bridge) was built in 1928 and opened up the Mexican border town of Rio Rico as a tourist destination during prohibition with bars and even a casino.[4] The crossing was located about two miles (3.2 km) downstream from where the Progreso bridge would later be built. The bridge was destroyed by a flood in 1941. After its destruction, temporary access was provided by ferry and pontoon bridge, but all service had ended by 1946. In 1967, it was discovered that Rio Rico had actually been located on US soil all along, and in 1970, the land was officially ceded to Mexico. Approximately 1000 people who provided evidence they were born in Rio Rico over the years were given US citizenship.[5]

Rail crossings[edit]

Rail tracks on Avenida Adolfo López Mateos in Mexicali leading north to the border crossing at Calexico
Baja California–California
Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
BJRR Tijuana SDIY San Ysidro Operated along the San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway's Main Line.
FXE Mexicali UP Calexico Rail tracks lie within the median of the road crossing from Fed. 5 to SR 111.
A Union Pacific train travels under a bridge in Nogales, Sonora headed to Arizona, 9 June 2007
Sonora–Arizona
Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
FXE Nogales UP Nogales Rail tracks lie within the median of the road crossing.
Chihuahua–Texas
Structure Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
EP&SW bridge FXE Ciudad Juárez UP / BNSF El Paso There are two railroad bridges over the Rio Grande that lie to the west and east of Paso del Norte International Bridge.
Presidio–Ojinaga International Rail Bridge FXE Ojinaga TXPF Presidio Bridge is temporarily closed due to a fire.
Bridge of the El Paso and Southwestern Railroad as it appeared in the late 1960s
Coahuila–Texas
Structure Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
Union Pacific International Railroad Bridge FXE Piedras Negras UP Eagle Pass
Tamaulipas–Texas
Structure Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
Texas Mexican Railway International Bridge KCSM Nuevo Laredo TM Laredo
Brownsville & Matamoros International Bridge FXE Matamoros UP Brownsville The road and rail bridges are adjacent, go by the same name, and are partially owned by the Union Pacific Railroad.[6]

Closed rail crossings[edit]

The El Paso City Lines (subsidiary of National City Lines) trolley leaves the border headed to Juárez in the 1960s
Baja California–California
Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
BJRR Lindero PIRR Division Pacific Southwest Railway Museum's Ticket to Tecate passenger train service was suspended in January 2010 due to a fire in tunnel #3.[7] This crossing lies along the SD&AE's Desert Line.
Inter-Cal Algodones SP Andrade Southern Pacific owned Inter-California Railroad ran thru until late 1950's when the line between Algodones Mexico and Araz Jct. connecting to the "Sunset Route" was shut down.
Sonora–Arizona
Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
FXE Naco EPSW Naco The Ferrocarril Naco-Cananea was built around 1900 as a mining railroad. The rail line used to lie between South Pratt Avenue and South Friend Drive in Arizona.
FXE Agua Prieta EPSW Douglas Rail tracks lie just to the west of Avenida Ferrocarril (Railway Avenue) in Agua Prieta and to the west of Pan American Avenue (US 191) in Douglas. The line was used by the Phelps Dodge Corporation for mineral transport. Jesús García died along this line in 1907.
Chihuahua–Texas
Structure Mexico
rail company
Mexico
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes
Ciudad Juárez National City Lines El Paso Trolley line ran through city streets including the border crossing until the late 1960s.
Presidio–Ojinaga International Rail Bridge FXE Ojinaga TXPF Presidio Bridge is temporarily closed due to a fire and is expected to reopen.

Ferry crossings[edit]

Hand-Pulled International Ferry at Los Ebanos, Texas, (view from Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Tamaulipas)
Tamaulipas–Texas
Waterway Ferry company Mexico
ferry terminal
United States
ferry terminal
Notes
Rio Grande Los Ebanos Ferry Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Los Ebanos This is a hand operated cable ferry.
Veracruz–Alabama
Waterway Ferry company Mexico
ferry terminal
United States
ferry terminal
Notes
Gulf of Mexico CG Railway Ferrosur Port of Coatzacoalcos in Coatzacoalcos Terminal Railway Alabama State Docks in Mobile MV Bali Sea and MV Banda Sea are train ferries that ply the 1,400-kilometre (870 mi) route carrying freight railcars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morales, Fred (2002). Cordova Island. El Paso, TX: El Paso/Juarez Historical Museum. 
  2. ^ Fish, Jean Y (1989). Brief History of San Ygnacio. Zapata, TX: Zapata County Historical Commission. p. 21b. 
  3. ^ "1000 Square Miles of Unique History". Zapata County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  4. ^ Grubb, Roda. "The Strange Case of Rio Rico". Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  5. ^ Castillo, Mariano (June 20, 2004). "Border town's story has more twists than Rio Grande". Rio Grande Valley Bureau. Archived from the original on February 7, 2008. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  6. ^ "About Us". Brownsville & Matamoros Express Bridge. Retrieved January 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Ticke to Tecate". Pacific Southwest Railway Museum. Retrieved January 22, 2011.