Middle Eastern and North African music traditions

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This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term folk music cannot be easily defined in a precise manner. It is used with widely varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term traditions in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.

These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.

Middle East and North Africa[edit]

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Armenian kef - folk - liturgical - Tashnakzootyoun tamzara - kochari - religious duduk - oud - dumbeg - saz - bouzouki - shvi
Algerian [1] medh - melhun - raï - zendani gasha - guellal berrah - cheikha - meddhahates - mehna - wa'adat
Assyrian diwaneh - liliana - raweh baglama - Çiftelia - davul - dhol - dutar - tambura - zurna - saz - watariyat
Bahraini See Persian Gulf region
Bedouin [2] zajal fantasia mijwis - mismar - yaghul
Berber [3] amarg - ammussu - astara - ritual music - tabbayt aberdag - ahidu - ahouach - ahwash ajouag - bendir - ghaita - lotar (instrument) - nakous - ney - rabab - t'bel - tinde - viol amydaz - imdyazn - laamt - rwai
Chleuh See Berber
Djiboutian balwo bowl lyre - tanbura
Egyptian [4] Saiyidi - sawahili - wedding music awalim mismar saiyidi - nahrasan
Emirati See Persian Gulf region
Eritrean folk - liturgical - popular kebero - kobar - kraar - lyre - wata
Ethiopian folk - liturgical - popular begena - kebero - kraar - masenqo - sistrum - washint
Georgian [5] Georgian polyphony - krimanchuli - naduri - orovela - table song accordion - changui - chonguri - chuniri - clarinet - duduk - panduri
Iranian [6] daff - dohol - lute - ney - ney-anban - zurna
Kabyle See Berber
Khaleeji See Persian Gulf region
Kuwaiti See Persian Gulf region
Kurdish [7] epic Bloor - daff - dhol - doozela - duduk - kamanche - ney - oud - santur - shimshal - tabalak - tar - tenbur - zil - zurna chirokbej - dengbej - stranbej
Persian Gulf region [8] Khaleeji music - sawt (music)-tarab-Adani-shela Ardha, dabkah duff - teeran - nay - oud - rababa - merwass - tabla - binges - qanun
Lebanese [9] dabkah
Mauritanian al-bayda - epic - fagu - l'-gnaydiya - al-kahla - karr - labyad - lakhal - lebtayt dabkah ardin - daghumma - tbal - tidinit iggawin[10]
Moroccan [11] takht ait atta - ait Bodar - ait Bugemaz (ait bouguemaz) - taskiwin aghanin - bendir - darbuka - duff - garagab - ghaita - gimbri - guedra - kamanjeh - kanum - nai - nakous - oud - rabab - taarija - tabl - tan-tan - tar moussem
Nubian [12] duff
Omani See Persian Gulf region
Palestinian [13] dalauna - meyjana - Zaghareet - wedding music- Ataaba - Sahja - zajal dabka duff - mijwiz - nay - oud - rababa - shababi - tabla - yarghoul-oud-qanun zajaleen
Pashtun [14] Afghan wedding music - kiliwali chub bazi - atan daireh - dhol - rubab - tanbur landai
Persian See Iranian
Qatari See Persian Gulf region
Saudi Arabia Qasida Ardah - Mizmar - Daha Oud - Rebab - Tar - Ney - Mizmar {{{Other}}}
Arabic, Islamic, Jewish music [15] cantica - copla - endechas - romance - Songs for Purim - wedding music accordion - darabouka - kanun - oud - tambourine
Somali balwo, qaraami, dhaanto batar drum - oud
Sudanese Arab [16] haqiiba oud - tambour
Tuareg See Berber
Turkish [17] bozlak - türkü çifte telli - halay - horon - karsilama - köçek oyunu - semah - sword dance - zeybek darbuka - davul - kemence - ney - saz - sipsi - Tulum (bagpipe) - zurna ashik - chengi - düg¨nsalonu - köçekce
Yemeni [8] oud ghat


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Morgan, Andy, "Music Under Fire" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 413 - 424
  2. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, and Badley, Bill and Zein al Jundi, "Cairo Hit Factory" and "Europe Meets Asia in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346 and pgs. 391 - 395; Kinney, pgs. 207 - 208
  3. ^ Includes the music of Kabylie and the Tuareg; Morgan, Andy, François Bensignor, and Dave Muddyman, "Bards of Immigritude", "Sounds of the Sahel" and "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 425 - 426, pgs. 585 - 587 and pgs. 567 - 578; World Music Central
  4. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346; World Music Central
  5. ^ Broughton, Simon, "A Feast of Songs" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 347 - 350
  6. ^ Nooshin, Laudan, "The Art of Ornament" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362
  7. ^ Nooshin, Laudan, and Eva Skalla and Jemima Amiri, "The Art of Ornament" and "Songs of the Stateless" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362 and 378 - 384
  8. ^ a b Badley, Bill, "Sounds of the Arabian Peninsula" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 351 - 354
  9. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 159
  10. ^ Muddyman, David and Richard Trillo, "The Ways of the Moors" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 563 - 566
  11. ^ Muddyman, Dave, "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 567 - 578; ; World Music Central
  12. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346
  13. ^ Morgan, Andy and Mu'tasem Adilah, "The Sounds of Struggle" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 385 - 390
  14. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 196; Doubleday, Veronica, "Red Light at the Crossroads" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 3 - 7
  15. ^ Cohen, Judith, "Ladino Romance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 370 - 377
  16. ^ Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 672 - 680
  17. ^ Stokes, Martin, "Sounds of Anatolia" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pg. 396 - 410; Kinney, pgs. 216 - 217; World Music Central

References[edit]

  • Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.) (2000). Rough Guide to World Music (First edition ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-636-0. 
  • Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-023107-2. 
  • Kinney, Troy and Margaret West (1935). The Dance: Its Place in Art and Life. Tudor Publishing. 
  • Manuel, Peter (1988). Popular Musics of the Non-Western World. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505342-7. 
  • Philip V. Bohlman; Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong (1997). Excursions in World Music (Second edition ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-230632-8. 
  • Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton (1992). Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.), ed. Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples (Second Edition ed.). New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-872602-2. 
  • "International Dance Glossary". World Music Central. Archived from the original on February 7, 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.