Middle Eastern and North African music traditions
|Lists of folk music traditions|
|Middle East & North Africa|
|Oceania and Australia|
This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term folk music cannot be easily defined in a precise manner. It is used with widely-varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term traditions in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.
These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.
Middle East and North Africa 
Music of Mauritania (includes Sahrawi music) Styles = al-bayda - epic - fagu - l'-gnaydiya - al-kahla - karr - labyad - lakhal - lebtayt - praise song Instrumentation = ardin - daghumma - tbal - tidinit Other = iggawin 
A Turkish cümbüş
- Morgan, Andy, "Music Under Fire" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 413 - 424
- Lodge, David and Bill Badley, and Badley, Bill and Zein al Jundi, "Cairo Hit Factory" and "Europe Meets Asia in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346 and pgs. 391 - 395; Kinney, pgs. 207 - 208
- Includes the music of Kabylie and the Tuareg; Morgan, Andy, François Bensignor, and Dave Muddyman, "Bards of Immigritude", "Sounds of the Sahel" and "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 425 - 426, pgs. 585 - 587 and pgs. 567 - 578; World Music Central
- Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346; World Music Central
- Broughton, Simon, "A Feast of Songs" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 347 - 350
- Nooshin, Laudan, "The Art of Ornament" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362
- Nooshin, Laudan, and Eva Skalla and Jemima Amiri, "The Art of Ornament" and "Songs of the Stateless" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362 and 378 - 384
- Badley, Bill, "Sounds of the Arabian Peninsula" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 351 - 354
- Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 159
- Muddyman, Dave, "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 567 - 578; ; World Music Central
- Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346
- Morgan, Andy and Mu'tasem Adilah, "The Sounds of Struggle" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 385 - 390
- Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 196; Doubleday, Veronica, "Red Light at the Crossroads" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 3 - 7
- Cohen, Judith, "Ladino Romance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 370 - 377
- Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 672 - 680
- Stokes, Martin, "Sounds of Anatolia" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pg. 396 - 410; Kinney, pgs. 216 - 217; World Music Central
- Muddyman, David and Richard Trillo, "The Ways of the Moors" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 563 - 566
- Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.) (2000). Rough Guide to World Music (First edition ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-636-0.
- Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-023107-2.
- Kinney, Troy and Margaret West (1935). The Dance: Its Place in Art and Life. Tudor Publishing.
- Manuel, Peter (1988). Popular Musics of the Non-Western World. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505342-7.
- Philip V. Bohlman; Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong (1997). Excursions in World Music (Second edition ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-230632-8.
- Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton (1992). In Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.). Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples (Second Edition ed.). New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-872602-2.
- "International Dance Glossary". World Music Central. Archived from the original on February 7, 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.