List of Minnesota Twins managers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ron Gardenhire, manager of the Minnesota Twins since 2002.

In its 108-year history, the Minnesota Twins baseball franchise of Major League Baseball's American League has employed 29 managers.[1] The duties of the manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[2] Eight of these team managers have been "player-managers", all during the Washington Senators era;[1] specifically, they managed the team while still playing for it.[3]

The Minnesota franchise began its life as the Washington Senators in Washington, D. C., where they played from their inception in 1901 to 1960.[4] In the early twentieth century, the Senators were managed consecutively by three future members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, bookended by Bucky Harris, who managed the team from 1924 to 1928 and again from 1935 to 1942. Walter Johnson managed the team for four seasons from 1929 to 1932, and he was followed by Joe Cronin, who led for the next two seasons (1933–1934). In 1960, the American League awarded an expansion franchise to Minneapolis, Minnesota; however, owner Calvin Griffith moved his team to Minnesota,[5][6] and Washington was awarded the expansion team instead. Thus, the Minnesota Twins began play at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota the following year, during the tenure of manager Cookie Lavagetto,[7] and played at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in downtown Minneapolis from 1982 to 2009. Under manager Ron Gardenhire, the team moved to Target Field beginning in the 2010 season.

Seven managers have taken the franchise to the postseason, with current manager Gardenhire leading them to five playoff appearances, the most in their franchise history.[8] Two managers have won World Series championships with the franchise: Bucky Harris, in the 1924 World Series against the New York Giants;[9] and Tom Kelly, in the 1987 World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals[10] and 1991 against the Atlanta Braves.[11] Harris is also the longest-tenured manager in their franchise history, with 2,776 games of service in parts of 18 seasons between 1924 and 1954;[12] he is followed by Kelly, who managed 2,386 games over 16 seasons from 1986 to 2001.[13] The manager with the highest winning percentage in team history is Billy Martin, who managed the team in 1969 and achieved a record of 97–65 (.599). Conversely, the manager with the lowest winning percentage is Malachi Kittridge, whose winning percentage of .059 was achieved with a record of 1–16 in the first half of 1904. Kittridge's tenure is also the shortest in team history.[1]

Table key[edit]

WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
or
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager)[14]
§
Member of the Twins Hall of Fame[15]

Managers[edit]

Clark Griffith standing against a wall and looking right, wearing a baseball uniform
Clark Griffith, manager, 1912–1920
Black-and-white image of Bucky Harris standing in a baseball dugout
Bucky Harris, three-time manager; 1924–1928, 1935–1942, 1950–1954
#[a] Manager Years Wins Losses WPct PA PW PL WS Ref
1 Jim Manning 1901 61 73 .455 [16]
2 Tom Loftus 19021903 104 169 .381 [17]
3 Malachi Kittridge 1904 1 16 .059 [18]
4 Patsy Donovan 1904 37 97 .296 [19]
5 Jake Stahl 19051906 119 182 .395 [20]
6 Joe Cantillon 19071909 158 297 .347 [21]
7 Jimmy McAleer 19101911 130 175 .426 [22]
8 Clark Griffith 19121920 693 646 .518 [23]
9 George McBride 1921 80 73 .523 [24]
10 Clyde Milan 1922 69 85 .448 [25]
11 Donie Bush 1923 75 78 .490 [26]
12 Bucky Harris 19241928 429 334 .562 2 7 7 1 [4][12]
13 Walter Johnson 19291932 350 264 .570 [27]
14 Joe Cronin 19331934 165 139 .543 1 1 4 0 [4][28]
Bucky Harris 19351942 558 663 .457 [12]
15 Ossie Bluege 19431947 375 394 .488 [29]
16 Joe Kuhel 19481949 106 201 .345 [30]
Bucky Harris 19501954 349 419 .454 [12]
17 Chuck Dressen 19551957 116 212 .354 [31]
18 Cookie Lavagetto 19571961 271 384 .414 [32]
19 Sam Mele 19611967 522 431 .546 1 3 4 0 [4][33]
20 Cal Ermer 19671968 145 129 .529 [34]
21 Billy Martin 1969 97 65 .599 1 0 3 0 [4][35]
22 Bill Rigney 19701972 208 184 .531 1 0 3 0 [4][36]
23 Frank Quilici 19721975 280 287 .494 [37]
24 Gene Mauch 19761980 378 394 .490 [38]
25 Johnny Goryl 19801981 34 38 .472 [39]
26 Billy Gardner 19811985 268 353 .278 [40]
27 Ray Miller 19851986 109 130 .456 [41]
28 Tom Kelly§[b] 19862001 1140 1244 .478 2 16 8 2 [4][13]
29 Ron Gardenhire[c] 2002–present 998 947 .513 6 6 21 0 [4][42]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

General references
In-text citations
  1. ^ a b c "Minnesota Twins Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved December 29, 2008. 
  3. ^ Stein, Fred (2002). And the Skipper Bats Cleanup: A History of the Baseball Player-Manager, with 42 Biographies of Men Who Filled the Dual Role. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1228-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Twins playoff history". USA Today (Gannett Co. Inc.). October 8, 2006. Retrieved August 19, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Twins Timeline (1960-1969)". Minnesota Twins. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Griffith dies after developing kidney infection". ESPN. Associated Press. October 20, 1999. Retrieved March 5, 2009. 
  7. ^ "1961 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Minnesota Twins Team History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  9. ^ "1924 Washington Senators Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  10. ^ "1987 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  11. ^ "1991 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Bucky Harris Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "Tom Kelly Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 29, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Minnesota Twins Hall of Famers". Minnesota Twins. Retrieved August 19, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Jim Manning Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Tom Loftus Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  18. ^ "Malachi Kittridge Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  19. ^ "Patsy Donovan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  20. ^ "Jake Stahl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Joe Cantillon Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Jimmy McAleer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Clark Griffith Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  24. ^ "George McBride Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Clyde Milan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  26. ^ "Donie Bush Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Walter Johnson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Joe Cronin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  29. ^ "Ossie Bluege Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Joe Kuhel Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Chuck Dressen Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Cookie Lavagetto Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Sam Mele Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  34. ^ "Cal Ermer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  35. ^ "Billy Martin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Bill Rigney Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  37. ^ "Frank Quilici Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  38. ^ "Gene Mauch Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  39. ^ "Johnny Goryl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  40. ^ "Billy Gardner Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  41. ^ "Ray Miller Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  42. ^ "Ron Gardenhire Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  43. ^ a b "Manager of the Year Award Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 

External links[edit]