List of Mongol states

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Mongols established many states such as Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Nirun, the Khitan and the Mongol Empire from the 3rd century BC. The name Mongol appeared in the 7th century but it's doesn't mean that Mongol ethnicity originated in this time.

This is a list of Mongol states. 'Mongolia' is understood in the broader historical sense (see Greater Mongolia and Mongolian plateau). The list of states is chronological but follows the development of different dynasties.

Ancient and postclassical states[edit]


Modern states[edit]

Autonomous areas[edit]

In Russia[edit]

Autonomous regions and countries:

Autonomous prefectures:

In China[edit]

Autonomous regions and countries:

Autonomous counties and prefectures:

See also[edit]



  1. ^ The Blue Chronicle, Vanchinbalyn Injinash
  2. ^ Claudio Cioffi-Revilla, J. Daniel Rogers, Steven P. Wilcox, & Jai Alterman, "Computing the Steppes: Data Analysis for Agent-Based Modeling of Polities in Inner Asia", Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the Amer. Pol. Sci. Assoc., Boston, Massachusetts, p. 8 August 28–31, (2008).
  3. ^ a b c d e f Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Jonathan M. Adams, Thomas D. Hall and Peter Turchin (2006). East-West Orientation of Historical Empires.Journal of World-Systems Research (University of Connecticut). 12 (no. 2): 219–229.
  5. ^ a b c d e Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.
  6. ^ Morgan. The Mongols. p. 5.
  7. ^ Бидия Дандарон (Russian)
  8. ^ Балагатское движение (Russian)
  9. ^ Теократическое движение в Хоринском ведомстве Бурятии :1919–1926 гг. (Russian)
  11. ^ Бүгд Найрамдах Өвөр Монгол улсын учир (Mongolian)
  12. ^ Халимагийн эмгэнэлт түүхээс (Mongolian)


  • Weiers, Michael (ed.) (1986): Die Mongolen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  • Dughlát Muhammad Haidar, Norbert Elias, Edward Denison Ross - The Tarikh-i-rashidi
  • Henry Hoyle Howorth-History of the Mongols
  • Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank -The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907–1368
  • William Bayne Fisher, Peter Jackson, Laurence Lockhart, J. A. Boyle -The Cambridge history of Iran, 5
  • Konstantin Nikolaevich Maksimov - Kalmykia in Russia's past and present national policies and administrative system