List of Muslim philosophers

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This is a subarticle to Islamic philosophy and Islamic scholars

A Muslim philosopher is a person that professes Islam and engaged in the philosophical aspect of Islamic studies, for example theology or eschatology and other fields of Islamic philosophy.

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Full Name Short Name Image Period Branch Category
Kubrawiyya 1145-1220
Umar Suhrawardi (Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi) 1145-1234 Suhrawardiyya
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Umar ibn al-Husayn al-Taymi al-Bakri al-Tabaristani Fakhr al-Din al-Razi)
(أبوعبدالله محمد بن عمر بن الحسن بن الحسين بن علي التيمي البكري فخرالدین الرازی)
1149-1209 Hanafi, Shafi'i
Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī) Sohrevardi 1155-1191 Illuminationism
Ibn Arabi (Abū 'Abdillāh Muḥammad ibn 'Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn `Arabī )
(أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن عربي)
Ibn Arabi.jpg 8 July 1165-10 November 1240
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (Khawaja Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan Ṭūsī) Nasir al-Din Tusi.jpg 18 February 1201- 26 June 1274 Twelver Shi'ism Avicennism
Rumi ( Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī)
(جلال‌ الدین محمد بلخى)
Molana.jpg 1207- 17 December 1273
Ibn al-Nafis (Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi)
(علاء الدين أبو الحسن عليّ بن أبي حزم القرشي الدمشقي)
Ibn al-Nafis.jpg 1213-17 December 1288 Shafi'i Avicennism
Qotb al-Din Shirazi ({{Nastaliqقطب‌ الدین کازروني شیرازي } ) Ghotb2.jpg 1217-1311
Ibn Sabin (Abu Mohammed Abd el-Hakh Ibn Sabin) 1236-1269
Ibn Taymiyyah (Taqī ad-Dīn Abu 'l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm ibn ʿAbd as-Salām Ibn Taymiya al-Ḥarrānī)
(تقي الدين أبو العباس أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام بن عبد الله ابن تيمية الحراني )
(January 22 1263 – 26 September 1328 Hanbali
Mahmud Shabistari (محمود شبستری) 1288-1340
Taftazani (ASa'ad al-Din Masud ibn Umar ibn Abd Allah al-Taftazani)
(سعد الدین مسعود بن عمر بن عبداللّه هروی خراسانی تفتازاني)
1322-1390 Hanafi, Maturidi
Abdul Karim Jili 1366-1424 Al Akbariyya
Ibn Khaldun (Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥman bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn Al-Hadrami)
(أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي)
Ibn Khaldun.jpg 27 May 1332-19 March 1406 Maliki
Jamshīd al-Kāshī (Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Masʾūd al-Kāshī)
(غیاث‌الدین جمشید کاشانی)
1380-1429 Shia
Jami (نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامي,Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami) Jami poet.jpg 18 August 1414-17 November 1492
Mir Fendereski 1562-1640 Twelver Shi'ism
Shaykh‐i Bahāʾī (Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī) 1547-1621
Mulla Sadra (Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī) 1571-1641 Twelver Shi'ism Illuminationism, Existentialism
Mir Damad (Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi)  ?-1631 Twelver Shi'ism
Qazi Sa’id Qumi 1633-1692
Shah Waliullah (Qutb-ud-Dīn Ahmad ibn 'Abdul Rahīm)
(قطب الدین أحمد بن عبد الرحیم)
2 February 1703- 20 August 1762 Hanafi
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (محمد إقبال) Iqbal.jpg 9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938
Allameh Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (علامة سید محمد حسین طباطبائي) Allame-Tabatabai-youth.jpg 1892-1981 Twelver Shi'ism
Abu ala Maududi [Abu ala Maududi] (ʾSbr> (سید أبو الأعلی مودودي) Maududi Abul ala maududi.jpg 1903-1979 Hanafi Revivalist and Philosopher
Ustad Motahhari (Murtaza Motahhari) (مرتضی مطهري) February 3, 1920 – May 1, 1979 Shia Philosopher
Mawlana Faizani (Mawlana Muhammad Atta-ullah Faizani) 17 April 1923- ? (possibly living)
Grand Ayatollah Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (عبدالله جوادی آملی) Ayatollah-Abdollah-Javadi-Amoli.jpg 1933- Ja'fari Transcendent Theosophy
Hossein Nasr (حسين نصر) Hossein nasr.jpg 7 April 1933- Twelver Shi'ism
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (محمد باقر الصدر) Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.jpg 1 March 1935 – 9 April 1980 Twelver Shi'ism
Geydar Dzhemal GeidarDzhemal.jpeg 6 November 1947-
Tariq Ramadan (طارق رمضان)[1] Tariq Ramadan Profile Image.png 26 August 1962 – present Sunni Islam Contemporary Islamic philosophy[2]

See also

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Time Magazine: Tariq Ramadan". 
  2. ^ "Developing a Philosophy of Pluralism, By Tariq Ramadan v". 

External links[edit]