List of Muslim philosophers

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This is a subarticle to Islamic philosophy and Islamic scholars

A Muslim philosopher is a person that professes Islam and engaged in the philosophical aspect of Islamic studies, for example theology or eschatology and other fields of Islamic philosophy.

Full Name Short Name Image Period Branch Category
Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي) Al-Kindi Al-kindi.jpeg 801-873
Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī (ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی) Al-Farabi Al-Farabi.jpg 872-951
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā (أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن سينا) Ibn Sīnā or Avicenna Avicenna TajikistanP17-20Somoni-1999 (cropped).png 980 – 1037
ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad bin ʾAḥmad bin Rušd (Arabic: أبو الوليد محمد بن احمد بن رشد) Averroes, Ibn Rushd BAE09705.jpg 1126 – 1198
Kubrawiyya 1145-1220
Umar Suhrawardi (Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi) 1145-1234 Suhrawardiyya
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Umar ibn al-Husayn al-Taymi al-Bakri al-Tabaristani Fakhr al-Din al-Razi)
(أبوعبدالله محمد بن عمر بن الحسن بن الحسين بن علي التيمي البكري فخرالدین الرازی)
1149-1209 Hanafi, Shafi'i
Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī) Sohrevardi 1155-1191 Illuminationism
Ibn Arabi (Abū 'Abdillāh Muḥammad ibn 'Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn `Arabī )
(أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن عربي)
Ibn Arabi.jpg 8 July 1165-10 November 1240
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (Khawaja Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan Ṭūsī) Nasir al-Din Tusi.jpg 18 February 1201- 26 June 1274 Twelver Shi'ism Avicennism
Rumi ( Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī)
(جلال‌ الدین محمد بلخى)
Molana.jpg 1207- 17 December 1273
Ibn al-Nafis (Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi)
(علاء الدين أبو الحسن عليّ بن أبي حزم القرشي الدمشقي)
Ibn al-Nafis.jpg 1213-17 December 1288 Shafi'i Avicennism
Qotb al-Din Shirazi (Template:Nastaliqقطب‌ الدین کازروني شیرازي ) Ghotb2.jpg 1217-1311
Ibn Sabin (Abu Mohammed Abd el-Hakh Ibn Sabin) 1236-1269
Ibn Taymiyyah (Taqī ad-Dīn Abu 'l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm ibn ʿAbd as-Salām Ibn Taymiya al-Ḥarrānī)
(تقي الدين أبو العباس أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام بن عبد الله ابن تيمية الحراني )
January 22, 1263 – 26 September 1328 Hanbali
Mahmud Shabistari (محمود شبستری) 1288-1340
Taftazani (ASa'ad al-Din Masud ibn Umar ibn Abd Allah al-Taftazani)
(سعد الدین مسعود بن عمر بن عبداللّه هروی خراسانی تفتازاني)
1322-1390 Hanafi, Maturidi
Abdul Karim Jili 1366-1424 Al Akbariyya
Ibn Khaldun (Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥman bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn Al-Hadrami)
(أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي)
Ibn Khaldun.jpg 27 May 1332-19 March 1406 Maliki
Jamshīd al-Kāshī (Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Masʾūd al-Kāshī)
(غیاث‌الدین جمشید کاشانی)
1380-1429 Shia
Jami (نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامي,Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami) Jami poet.jpg 18 August 1414 – 17 November 1492
Mir Fendereski 1562-1640 Twelver Shi'ism
Shaykh‐i Bahāʾī (Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī) 1547-1621
Mulla Sadra (Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī) 1571-1641 Twelver Shi'ism Illuminationism, Existentialism
Mir Damad (Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi)  ?-1631 Twelver Shi'ism
Qazi Sa’id Qumi 1633-1692
Shah Waliullah (Qutb-ud-Dīn Ahmad ibn 'Abdul Rahīm)
(قطب الدین أحمد بن عبد الرحیم)
2 February 1703- 20 August 1762 Hanafi
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (محمد إقبال) Iqbal.jpg 9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938
Allameh Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (علامة سید محمد حسین طباطبائي) Allame-Tabatabai-youth.jpg 1892-1981 Twelver Shi'ism
Abu ala Maududi (سید أبو الأعلی مودودي) Maududi Abul ala maududi.jpg 1903-1979 Hanafi Revivalist and Philosopher
Ustad Motahhari (Murtaza Motahhari) (مرتضی مطهري) February 3, 1920 – May 1, 1979 Shia Philosopher
Mawlana Faizani (Mawlana Muhammad Atta-ullah Faizani) 17 April 1923- ? (possibly living)
Grand Ayatollah Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (عبدالله جوادی آملی) Ayatollah-Abdollah-Javadi-Amoli.jpg 1933- Ja'fari Transcendent Theosophy
Hossein Nasr (حسين نصر) Hossein nasr.jpg 7 April 1933- Twelver Shi'ism
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (محمد باقر الصدر) Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.jpg 1 March 1935 – 9 April 1980 Twelver Shi'ism
Geydar Dzhemal 6 November 1947-
Tariq Ramadan (طارق رمضان)[1] Tariq Ramadan Profile Image.png 26 August 1962 – present Sunni Islam Contemporary Islamic philosophy[2]

See also

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Time Magazine: Tariq Ramadan". 26 April 2004. 
  2. ^ Malik, Kenan (13 August 2010). "Developing a Philosophy of Pluralism, By Tariq Ramadan v". The Independent (London). 

External links[edit]