List of Administrators and Deputy Administrators of NASA

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Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA seal.svg
NASA Seal
Constituent part of the Administrator's standard
Charles F. Bolden, Jr.
Incumbent
Charles F. Bolden, Jr.

since July 17, 2009
Term length At the pleasure of the President
Inaugural holder Thomas Keith Glennan
Website Charles F. Bolden, NASA

The Administrator and Deputy Administrator of NASA are the highest-ranked officials of NASA, the space agency of the United States. The Administrator serves as the senior space science adviser to the President of the United States. According to NASA, the role of the Administrator is to "lead the NASA team and manage its resources to advance the Vision for Space Exploration."[1] The Deputy Administrator of NASA "serves as the agency’s second in command and is responsible to the administrator for providing overall leadership, planning, and policy direction for the agency. [He or she] represents NASA to the Executive Office of the President, Congress, heads of federal and other appropriate government agencies, international organizations, and external organizations and communities. [He or she] also oversees the day to day work of NASA’s functional offices, such as the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, Office of General Counsel and Strategic Communications", according to NASA (referring to Shana Dale).[2]

The first Administrator of NASA was Dr. T. Keith Glennan; during his term he brought together the disparate projects in space development research in the US.[3] Daniel Goldin held the post for the longest term (nearly 10 years), and is best known for pioneering the "faster, better, cheaper" approach to space programs.[4] The only person to hold the post twice is James C. Fletcher, who returned to NASA following the Challenger disaster.[5]

The longest-running (acting) Deputy Administrator was John R. Dailey, who held the post following his retirement from the United States Marine Corps.[6] The longest-running full Deputy Administrator was Hugh Latimer Dryden, who was the first Deputy Administrator.[7] William R. Graham has held the post of Deputy Administrator twice, and was the acting Administrator in between,[8] as did Frederick D. Gregory.[9] Dr. Daniel Mulville served as the acting Deputy Administrator twice, and was acting Administrator in between.[10]

The current Administrator of NASA is Charles Bolden, and Lori Garver is the Deputy Administrator. Their nomination was announced on May 24, 2009 by President Barack Obama,[11] they were formally appointed upon successful confirmation by the United States Senate on July 15, 2009[12][13][14] and they started their positions on July 17, 2009.[15]

Administrators[edit]

Photograph Name Term start Term end Term length Ref(s)
T. Keith Glennan GlennanDr. T. Keith Glennan 1958-08-19August 19, 1958 1961-01-20January 20, 1961 0885885 days [16]
Hugh L. Dryden DrydenDr. Hugh L. Dryden (acting) 1961-01-21January 21, 1961 1961-02-14February 14, 1961 002424 days [16]
James E. Webb WebbJames E. Webb 1961-02-14February 14, 1961 1968-10-07October 7, 1968 27922792 days [16]
Thomas O. Paine PaineDr. Thomas O. Paine (acting) 1968-10-08October 8, 1968 1969-03-21March 21, 1969 0164164 days [16]
Thomas O. Paine PaineDr. Thomas O. Paine 1969-03-21March 21, 1969 1970-09-15September 15, 1970 0543543 days [16]
George M. Low LowDr. George M. Low (acting) 1970-09-16September 16, 1970 1971-04-26April 26, 1971 0222222 days [16]
James C. Fletcher FletcherDr. James C. Fletcher 1971-04-27April 27, 1971 1977-05-01May 1, 1977 21962196 days [16]
Alan M. Lovelace LovelaceDr. Alan M. Lovelace (acting) 1977-05-02May 2, 1977 1977-06-20June 20, 1977 004949 days [16]
Robert A. Frosch FroschDr. Robert A. Frosch 1977-06-21June 21, 1977 1981-01-20January 20, 1981 13091309 days [16]
Alan M. Lovelace LovelaceDr. Alan M. Lovelace (acting) 1981-01-21January 21, 1981 1981-07-10July 10, 1981 0170170 days [16]
James M. Beggs BeggsJames M. Beggs 1981-07-10July 10, 1981 1985-12-04December 4, 1985 16081608 days [16]
William R. Graham GrahamDr. William R. Graham (acting) 1985-12-04December 4, 1985 1986-05-11May 11, 1986 0158158 days [16]
James C. Fletcher FletcherDr. James C. Fletcher 1986-05-12May 12, 1986 1989-04-08April 8, 1989 10621062 days [16]
Dale D. Myers MyersDale D. Myers (acting) 1989-04-08April 8, 1989 1989-05-13May 13, 1989 003535 days [16]
Richard H. Truly TrulyVAdm (Ret.) Richard H. Truly (acting) 1989-05-14May 14, 1989 1989-06-30=June 30, 1989 004747 days [16]
Richard H. Truly TrulyVAdm (Ret.) Richard H. Truly 1989-07-01July 1, 1989 1992-03-31March 31, 1992 10041004 days [16]
Daniel S. Goldin GoldinDaniel S. Goldin 1992-04-01April 1, 1992 2001-11-17November 17, 2001 35173517 days [16]
Daniel R. Mulville MulvilleDr. Daniel R. Mulville (acting) 2001-11-19November 19, 2001 2001-12-21December 21, 2001 003232 days [16]
Sean O'Keefe O'KeefeSean O'Keefe 2001-12-21December 21, 2001 2005-02-11February 11, 2005 11481148 days [16]
Frederick D. Gregory GregoryCol (Ret.) Frederick D. Gregory (acting) 2005-02-11February 11, 2005 2005-04-14April 14, 2005 006262 days [16]
Michael D. Griffin GriffinDr. Michael D. Griffin 2005-04-14April 14, 2005 2009-01-20January 20, 2009 13771377 days [1][16]
Christopher Scolese ScoleseChristopher Scolese (acting) 2009-01-21January 21, 2009 2009-07-16July 16, 2009 0176176 days [16]
Charles F. Bolden, Jr. BoldenMaj. Gen. (Ret.) Charles F. Bolden, Jr. 2009-07-15July 17, 2009 2009Present 19221922+ days [13][16]

Deputy Administrators[edit]

Photograph Name Term start Term end Term length Ref(s)
Hugh L. Dryden DrydenDr. Hugh L. Dryden 1958-08-19August 19, 1958 1965-12-02December 2, 1965 26622662 days [16]
Robert C. Seamans (Left) SeamansDr. Robert C. Seamans, Jr. 1965-12-21December 21, 1965 1968-01-05January 5, 1968 0745745 days [16]
Thomas O. Paine PaineDr. Thomas O. Paine 1968-03-25March 25, 1968 1969-03-20March 20, 1969 0360360 days [16]
George M. Low LowDr. George M. Low 1969-12-03December 3, 1969 1976-06-05June 5, 1976 23762376 days [16]
Alan M. Lovelace LovelaceDr. Alan M. Lovelace 1976-07-02July 2, 1976 1981-07-10July 10, 1981 18341834 days [16]
Hans Mark MarkDr. Hans Mark 1981-07-10July 10, 1981 1984-09-01September 1, 1984 11491149 days [16]
William R. Graham GrahamDr. William R. Graham 1985-11-25November 25, 1985 1985-12-04December 4, 1985 00099 days [16]
William R. Graham GrahamDr. William R. Graham 1986-05-11May 11, 1986 1986-10-01October 1, 1986 0143143 days [16]
Dale D. Myers MyersDale D. Myers 1986-10-06October 6, 1986 1989-05-13May 13, 1989 0950950 days [16]
James R. Thompson ThompsonJames R. Thompson, Jr. 1989-07-06July 6, 1989 1991-11-08November 8, 1991 0885885 days [16]
Aaron Cohen CohenAaron Cohen (acting) 1992-02-19February 19, 1992 1992-11-01November 1, 1992 0256256 days [16]
John R. Dailey DaileyJohn R. Dailey (acting) 1992-11-03November 3, 1992 1999-12-31December 31, 1999 31733173 days [16]
Daniel Mulville MulvilleDr. Daniel Mulville (acting) 2000-01-01January 1, 2000 2001-11-19November 19, 2001 0688688 days [16]
Daniel Mulville Mulville2Dr. Daniel Mulville (acting) 2001-12-21December 21, 2001 2002-08-11August 11, 2002 0233233 days [16]
Frederick D. Gregory GregoryFrederick D. Gregory 2002-08-12August 12, 2002 2005-02-20February 20, 2005 0923923 days [16]
Frederick D. Gregory Gregory2Frederick D. Gregory 2005-04-14April 14, 2005 2005-11-04November 4, 2005 0204204 days [16]
Shana Dale DaleShana Dale 2005-11-04November 4, 2005 2009-01-17January 17, 2009 11711171 days [16]
Lori Garver GarverLori Garver 2009-07-16July 17, 2009 2013-09-06September 6, 2013 15121512 days [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Biography of Michael D. Griffin, NASA Administrator". NASA. Archived from the original on July 7, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Shana Dale, NASA Deputy Administrator". NASA. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  3. ^ "T. Keith Glennan biography". NASA. August 4, 2006. Archived from the original on July 8, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Daniel S. Goldin biography". NASA. March 12, 2004. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  5. ^ "James C. Fletcher biography". NASA. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ "General John Dailey biography". NASA. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Hugh L. Dryden biography". NASA. Archived from the original on July 9, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  8. ^ "William R. Graham biography". NASA. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Frederick D. Gregory". NASA. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Daniel Mulville biography". NASA. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Retired General Picked to Lead NASA". New York Times. May 23, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  12. ^ "NASA – NASA Organization". NASA. Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. 2008-03-18. Archived from the original on January 24, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Bolden and Garver Confirmed by U.S. Senate". NASA. July 15, 2009. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Charles F. Bolden, Jr., NASA Administrator (July 17, 2009 – present)". NASA. Archived from the original on July 27, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "List of Administrators and Deputy Administrators of NASA". NASA. Archived from the original on May 21, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008.