List of NASA aircraft

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This is a list of NASA aircraft. Throughout its history NASA has used several different types of aircraft on a permanent, semi-permanent, or short-term basis. These aircraft are usually surplus, but in a few cases are newly built, military aircraft.

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Type Use Status (Qty) Dates From To Research Centers Current Location Comments
Aero Spacelines Super Guppy
Super Guppy N941 NASA landing.jpg
Fixed Wing Heavy transport aircraft Active (1) N/A El Paso Forward Operating Location
Aerojet General X-8
AerojetX8.jpg
Rocket Research, X-Planes, Upper air research and sounding[1] Retired Dryden Flight Research Center
AeroVironment Centurion
Centurion takes off from Dryden in December 1998
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Centurion was an evolutionary solar and fuel cell system powered unmanned aircraft.
AeroVironment Gossamer Albatross
Gossamer Albatross II.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Human Powered Retired (1) Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
AeroVironment Helios
Helios in flight.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center NASA's Helios Prototype was an evolutionary solar and fuel cell system powered unmanned aircraft.
AeroVironment Pathfinder
Pathfinder solar aircraft over Hawaii.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center AeroVironment Pathfinder Prototype was an evolutionary solar and fuel cell system powered unmanned aircraft.
AeroVironment Pathfinder Plus
Pathfinder Plus solar aircraft over Hawaii.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Pathfinder Plus Prototype was an evolutionary solar and fuel cell system powered unmanned aircraft.
AeroVironment RQ-14 Dragon Eye
Dragon Eye.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Ames Research Center Ames Research Center
Beechcraft Super King Air (NASA 8)
Beech b300 kingair 350 m-five arp.jpg
Fixed Wing Transport Personnel Active (1) Wallops Flight Facility Wallops Flight Facility Carries employees from Wallops Flight Facility, Virginia and Baltimore
Beechcraft King Air B-200 (UC-12B)
Beechcraft b200 superkingair zk453 arp.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (2) Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center
Beechcraft T-34C
Beech T-34C Turbo Mentor - GPN-2000-001989.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform & Photographic Chase Active (2) Glenn Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Wallops Flight Facility, Dryden Flight Research Center
Bell UH-1H Iroquois (Huey)
Huey1.jpg
Rotorcraft Active (1) Wallops Flight Facility Wallops Flight Facility
Bell Lunar Landing Research Vehicle LLRV
LLRV 2.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center (#2)
Bell X-1A Glamorous Glennis
Bell X-1 color.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1946 Dryden Flight Research Center National Air and Space Museum High-speed and high-altitude testing.First aircraft to break the sound barrier in level flight.Proved aerodynamic viability of thin wing sections.[2]
Bell X-1B Research, X-Planes, Retired Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force
Bell X-1E Research, X-Planes, Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
Bell X-5
Bell-X5-Multiple.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1951 Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force First aircraft to fly with variable geometry wings.[3]
Bell XV-15
Xv-15 inflight.jpg
V/STOL, Tilt Rotor Research, Retired (1) Ames Research Center Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
Bellanca Skyrocket II
Bellanca Skyrocket II.jpg
Fixed Wing Civil Aircraft Test Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Boeing 737, NASA 515
NASA 515 during braking test run on snow-covered runway at Brunswick Naval Air Station.
Fixed Wing Research, Terminal Area Productivity (TAP) Retired (1) Langley Research Center NASA 515 is the first Boeing 737 ever built. After being used to qualify the 737 design, NASA heavily modified the aircraft for continuing research.
Boeing 747-100SR
A NASA Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747-100SR.
Fixed Wing Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Retired (2) Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center Registered as N905NA (which is a 747-100 model that was acquired from American Airlines in 1974) and N911NA (a 747-100SR model purchased from Japan Airlines in 1988)
Boeing 757
Eastern Air Lines Boeing 757-200 Wallner.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Advanced technology Active (1) Ex–Eastern Airlines 757
Boeing 747, (SOFIA)
SOFIA ED10-0182-01 full.jpg
Fixed Wing Airborne observatory, Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Active (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
Boeing B-52B
Usaf.Boeing B-52.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Pima Air & Space Museum (003), Air Force Flight Test Center Museum (008) X-15 & X-43A launch from Boeing B-52 mothership
Boeing CH-47B Chinook
NASA CH-47B used as an in-flight simulator. Former US Army 66-19138
Rotorcraft Research, Variable Stability Research Rotorcraft project Retired (2) Ames Research Center, Langley Research Center It was equipped to fly by wire and had three on board computers. After research was completed, it was returned to the US Army and upgraded to the CH–47D standard.[4]
Boeing KC–135 Stratotanker
NASA parabolic flight.jpg
Fixed Wing Trainer, Reduced gravity aircraft Retired (2) 1973 - 2004 Ellington Field, Houston, Texas Ellington Field, Houston, Texas USAF KC–135As (designated N930NA and N931NA) Potential astronauts were exposed to simulated near–weightlessness. These aircraft are also known as Vomit Comets.
Boeing NB-52B, NASA NB-52B
NASA B-52 Tail Number 008 is an air launch carrier aircraft "mothership," as well as a research aircraft platform that has been used on a variety of research projects.
Fixed Wing Research, Test Platform Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Used as a mothership for the X-15 program, 127 Lifting body flight tests such as the HL-10 test flight, to support development in the Space Shuttle program, and several other miscellaneous test programs.[5] After almost 50 years flying service the Balls 8 was retired from active service with NASA on December 17, 2004, following its participation in the Hyper-X program.[6]
Boeing X-37
Boeing X-37B inside payload fairing before launch.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 2006 (drop test), 2010 (orbital flight) Dryden Flight Research Center Reusable orbital spaceplane.[7]
Boeing X-40
Boeing X40A.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1998 Dryden Flight Research Center 80% scale Space Maneuver Vehicle testbed.X-37 prototype.[8]
Boeing X-48
Boeing X-48C in flight
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, X-Planes, Environmentally Responsible Aviation Project [9] Retired (1) Dryden Flight Research Center X-48 series was utilized to "evaluate the low-speed stability and control of a low-noise version of a notional hybrid-wing-body design." NASA is hoping that this particular aircraft will aid in the design "green airlines." Blended Wing Body (BWB) testbed.[10]
Boeing X-45A
Boeing X-45A UCAV.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, X-Planes, Retired Dryden Flight Research Center National Air and Space Museum (#1 Blue), National Museum of the United States Air Force (#2 Red)
X-53 Boeing Phantom Works
EC03-0039-1.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 2002 Dryden Flight Research Center Active Aeroelastic Wing testbed.[11]
Boeing Vertol VZ-2 (Model 76)
VZ-2 arriving at Langley Air Force Base from Edwards Air Force Base in 1960
V/STOL, Tilt Rotor Research, Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Paul E. Garber Facility.[12] Built in the United States in 1957 to investigate the tiltwing approach to vertical take-off and landing.
Cessna 206H
Cessna206HStationair03.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Langley Research Center Langley Research Center
Cessna 337 Skymaster
Cessna 337 Skymaster.jpg
Fixed Wing Civil Aircraft Test, Small Aircraft Transportation System Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Cessna 318 T-37 Tweet
T-37 021203-O-9999G-003.jpg
Fixed Wing Civil Aircraft Test, Small Aircraft Transportation System Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Convair 880
DAL-Convair-880inflight.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Controlled Impact Demonstration Program Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Langley Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center
Convair 990 (Galileo)
Spantax CV-990 at Basle - June 1976.jpg
Fixed Wing Airborne observatory, Galileo Observatory Retired (1) & Crashed (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Mojave Air and Space Port The Galileo I aircraft was lost in a mid-air collision in 1973 with a P-3. The Galileo II continued service into the 1980s providing research into aeronautics, astronautics, astronomy, and earth observations
Convair F–106 Delta Dart (QF–106A)
F-106 Delta Dart 5th IS.JPEG
Fixed Wing Retired 1986 - 1998 Langley Research Center
Cirrus SR22
CirrusDesignSR22C-FJSH02.JPG
Fixed Wing Civil Aircraft Test, Small Aircraft Transportation System Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Convair C-131 Samaritan (Convair CV-240)
C-131F Samaritan VR-30 in flight.JPEG
Fixed Wing Training, Reduced gravity aircraft, Landsat Earth Resources Survey program (ERS) Retired (2) Langley Research Center, Ellington Field, Houston, TX Project Mercury astronauts flew aboard a C-131 Samaritan flying as the "vomit comet
Dassault HU-25C Falcon
Dassault Falcon (Mystere) 20F-5 (PH-BPS).jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Langley Research Center Langley Research Center
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo (Bisontennial) named in 1976
DehavillandCC-115Buffalo12.JPG
Fixed Wing Research, STOL Retired (1) 1970s late - early 1980s Ames Research Center Fitted with a short-span Boeing wing incorporating split-flow turbofan engines based on the Rolls-Royce Spey (providing both propulsion and augmentor airflow for the powered lift system).[13][14][15][16] Beginning in 1972 with its first flight in this experimental configuration, this aircraft was used jointly by the NASA Ames Research Center and the Canadian Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce for STOL research.[15][17]
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo (QSRA)
NASA QSRA.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, STOL, Quiet Short-Haul Research Aircraft program.[13][14][18]:153[19][20][21] Retired (1) 1970s late - early 1980s Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center The experimental wing was designed, fabricated and installed by Boein was a swept, supercritical design incorporating a boundary layer control system.[19][20]:8 Instead of the standard engines, this aircraft was powered by four prototype Avco Lycoming YF102 high-bypass turbofan engines (originally from the Northrop YA-9 program) mounted above the wing to take advantage of the Coandă effect.[20]:9–10 In 1980, this aircraft participated in carrier trials aboard USS Kitty Hawk, demonstrating STOL performance without the use of catapults or arrestor gear.[14][18]:154
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
WinAir De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter Breidenstein.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, aircraft icing Glenn Research Center [22]
Doak VZ-4
Doak VZ-4 in hovering flight.jpg
VTOL Research Retired (1) Langley Research Center U.S. Army Transportation Museum
Douglas D-558-1 Skyrocket
D-558-II-NASA-E-1442.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of Naval Aviation (#1), Carolinas Aviation Museum (#3)
Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Planes of Fame Museum (#1), National Air and Space Museum (#2), Antelope Valley College (#3)
Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3, SE-CFP.jpg
Fixed Wing Test Retired Ames Research Center
Douglas C-118 Liftmaster
Balair Douglas DC-6 Basle Airport - 1976.jpg
Fixed Wing Wallops Flight Facility
Douglas C-133 Cargomaster
C-133b-sanfrancsiscobay.jpg
Fixed Wing Heavy Transport Aircraft Retired (?) Goleta Air Museum
Douglas DC-8
Air Jamaica McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H Fitzgerald.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) National Suborbital Education and Research Center (NSERC), University of North Dakota Dryden Flight Research Center
Douglas F5D-1 Skylancers
The Douglas F5D-1 Skylancer, with NASA colors, in flight in February 1971.
Fixed Wing Trainer, Chase Plane Retired (2) 1961 - 1970 NA Neil Armstrong Air and Space Museum (802NA), Ontario Airport (708) Used as a testbed for supersonic research and to train pilots for the X-20 Dyna-Soar program. The F5D-1 Skylancer had a wing planform similar to the proposed design for Dyna-Soar. After the Dyna-Soar program was canceled in December 1963, one F5D-1 stayed on at Dryden, eventually becoming a flight simulator for the M2-F2, and a chase plane for experimental flights until 1970. In May 1970 one of the aircraft was retired and donated to the Neil Armstrong Air and Space Museum.[23]
Douglas X-3 Stiletto
Douglas X-3 NASA E-17348.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, X-Planes Retired (1) 1952-1956 Dryden Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force
Dyke Delta
N18DW Dyke Delta.jpg
Fixed Wing
Eiri-Avion PIK-20
Pik20E NASA.jpg
Fixed Wing, Sailplane Research, Lift & Aerodynamics Retired (1) 1981-1996 Dryden Research Center
General Atomics ALTUS
NASA ALTUS UAV.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Dryden Flight Research Center
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator-B IKHANA)
MQ-9 Reaper CBP.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform Active (1) Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
General Dynamics F–16 Fighting Falcon
F-16 June 2008.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Retired (2) 1988 - 1999 Dryden Flight Research Center Prototypes of the F–16XL, designed as a competitor to the F-15E Strike Eagle in the USAF's Enhanced Tactical Fighter program
General Dynamics F-16 VISTA
3 three thrust-vectoring aircraft.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Variability in flight simulator aircraft Retired (1) Langley Research Center
General Dynamics F-16XL
F-16xl.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Retired (2) Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center (1)
Grumman Gulfstream I
Uscg vc4gulfstream 1380 1964.jpg
Fixed Wing Johnson Space Center
Grumman X-29
Grumman-X29-InFlight.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, X-Planes, Forward swept wing Retired (2) 1984-1991 Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force
Grumman Gulfstream II
A Shuttle Training Aircraft at Patrick Air Force Base, ready for takeoff.
Fixed Wing Shuttle Training Aircraft (STA) Active (4) NA El Paso Forward Operating Location, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas[24] (NASA C-11A)
Gulfstream G-III
Gulfstream G-III with NASA markings.
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Research Platform, Airborne Science Program, Unmanned Air Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) Active (1) 2003 - Today Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center (NASA C–20A) Acquired from the United States Air Force and modified by Dryden Flight Research Center. The aircraft was equipped with a self-contained on-board Data Collection and Processing System (DCAPS), which allows for automated configuration setups thereby reducing engineering costs for each flight. The aircraft has been used by the Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) program, the Access 5 program alongside Scaled Composites Proteus aircraft, and as a test bed to develop collision avoidance systems and procedures.[25]
Gulfstream G-III, NASA one
Gulfstream G-III with NASA markings.
Fixed Wing Business jet of the NASA Administrator Active (1) 2003 - 2008 NA NASA one was a Gulfstream G-III with a seating capacity of 12 people. The jet is stored in an FAA hangar along with 3 other government planes.[26] NASA now shares a plane with FAA.
Gulfstream X-54 Research, X-Planes, Proposed Dryden Flight Research Center
Hawker Siddeley P.1127
Hawker Siddeley P.1127 in flight at NASA Langley 1968.jpeg
V/STOL Retired Langley Research Center
Kreider-Reisner XC-31
Kreider-Reisner XC-31 USAF.JPG
Fixed Wing Research, DeIcing Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Learjet 23
Learjet 23 der NASA.jpg
Fixed Wing Business jet
Learjet 24
NASA DFRC Lear 24 in flight.jpg
Fixed Wing Business jet
Learjet 25
Learjet 25 der NASA.jpg
Fixed Wing Business jet Active Wallops Flight Facility Wallops Flight Facility
Learjet 28
Fig028.jpg
Fixed Wing Business jet
Ling–Temco–Vought LTV XC–142
Ling-Temco-Vought XC-142A.jpg
V/STOL, Tilt Wing Research, Transport aircraft Retired (1) 1966-1970 Langley Research Center
Lockheed F-104A Starfighter
Lockheed F-104A-10-LO 060928-F-1234S-011.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center National Air and Space Museum (818) (N818NA), Air Force Flight Test Center Museum (N820NA) (0790)
Lockheed F-104B Starfighter Retired Dryden Flight Research Center McClellan AFB (N819NA)
Lockheed F-104G Starfighter Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Estrella Warbird Museum (N824NA), Dryden Flight Research Center (N826NA)
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy
Usaf.c5.galaxy.750pix.jpg
Fixed Wing Heavy transport aircraft Active (2) Flown by USAF crews.
Lockheed C-121 Starliner
C-69.jpg
Fixed Wing Active
Lockheed C-141A Starlifter
NASA C-141A KAO.jpg
Fixed Wing Airborne observatory, Kuiper Airborne Observatory Retired (1) 1974 - 1995 NASA Ames Research Center
Lockheed JetStar
A IRIAF Lockheed JetStar.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform Retired (1) 1964-1989 Dryden Flight Research Center
Lockheed NC-130B Hercules
Lockheed C-130 Hercules.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Landsat Earth Resources Survey program (ERS) Active (1) Wallops Flight Facility Wallops Flight Facility
Lockheed F-104N Starfighter Fixed Wing Chase Retired (6) & Crashed (1) 1963 - 1995 Dryden Flight Research Center Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (N811NA) (4045), Lockheed Martin, Palmdale, CA (N812NA) One of these aircraft, piloted by Joe Walker, collided with the XB-70 Valkyrie experimental bomber on June 8, 1966, killing Walker.
Lockheed P–3 Orion
Orion.usnavy.750pix.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Wallops Flight Facility Wallops Flight Facility
Lockheed S–3 Viking
Viking S-3B.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform Active Glenn Research Center
Lockheed SR-71
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird.jpg
Fixed Wing Trainer Retired (1) 1991 - 1999 Dryden Flight Research Center Pima Air Museum The plane was permanently retired in 1998, and the Air Force quickly disposed of their SR-71s, leaving NASA with the last two airworthy Blackbirds until 1999.[27] All other Blackbirds have been moved to museums except for the two SR-71s and a few D-21 drones retained by the NASA Dryden Research Center.[28]
Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird Fixed Wing Trainer Retired (1) 1991 - 1999 Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center The plane was permanently retired in 1998, and the Air Force quickly disposed of their SR-71s, leaving NASA with the last two airworthy Blackbirds until 1999.[27] All other Blackbirds have been moved to museums except for the two SR-71s and a few D-21 drones retained by the NASA Dryden Research Center.[28]
Lockheed SR-71B Blackbird Fixed Wing Trainer Retired (1) 1991 - 1999 Dryden Flight Research Center Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum The plane was permanently retired in 1998, and the Air Force quickly disposed of their SR-71s, leaving NASA with the last two airworthy Blackbirds until 1999.[27] All other Blackbirds have been moved to museums except for the two SR-71s and a few D-21 drones retained by the NASA Dryden Research Center.[28]
Lockheed U-2 "Dragon Lady"
Usaf.u2.750pix.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program, Landsat Earth Resources Survey program (ERS), High Altitude Active (2) Dryden Flight Research Center Modified to the ER-2 (Earth Resources-2) standard
Lockheed YF-12
YF-12A.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Retired (1) Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center, Glenn Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force
Lockheed YO–3 Quiet Star
Lockheed YO-3.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Retired (1) Dryden Flight Research Center
X-33 Venture Star
X-33 Venture Star in Orbit.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired (1) Prototype never completed Lockheed Martin Half-scale reusable launch vehicle prototype.[29]
Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA Research, X-Planes, Retired Cancelled Dryden Flight Research Center F-22-based Multi-Axis No-Tail Aircraft thrust vectoring testbed.[30]
Lockheed Martin X-56 (MUTT)
Lockheed Martin X-56A.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform, X-Planes, Multi-Utility Technology Testbed Retired (1) 2012 Dryden Flight Research Center Active flutter suppression and gust load alleviation technology for potential use in future high-altitude, long-endurance (HALE) reconnaissance aircraft.[31]
Martin WB–57 Canberra
Martin B-57A USAF 52-1418.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform - Airborne Science Program, Landsat Earth Resources Survey program (ERS) High Altitude Active (3) Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Earth Resources Technology Satellite program (ERTS), Cirrus Regional Study of Tropical Anvils and Cirrus Layers - Florida Area Cirrus Experiment (CRYSTAL - FACE) and Clouds and Water Vapor in the Climate System (CWVCS)
Martin-Marietta X-24A
X24.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Low-speed lifting body handling testbed.Lifting body aerodynamic shape trials.[32]
Martin-Marietta X-24B
X24B.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1973 Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force Low-speed lifting body handling testbed.Lifting body aerodynamic shape trials.[32]
McDonnell 188 (Breguet 941)
McDonnell 188.jpg
STOL Retired (1) Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 HARV
FA18 LEX.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, High Alpha Research Vehicle Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Virginia Air and Space Center (840NA)
McDonnell Douglas DC-9
New York Air DC-9 Detroit - 16 August 1983.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Johnson Space Center
McDonnell Douglas F-15A RPRV/SRV
67 FS F-15 Eagle in action at Red Flag–Alaska.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet (842NA)
FA18 LEX.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Clear Channel Stadium
McDonnell Douglas C-9 Skytrain II
McDonnell C-9.jpg
Fixed Wing Training, Reduced gravity aircraft Active (1) 2005 - TBD Johnson Space Center Ex-USN C-9B
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
F-4B VMFA-314 1968.jpg
Fixed Wing Chase Plane Retired Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center X-15 program, Lifting body flights (also collected biomedical data and used to see if sonic booms could be used as a weapon)
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
67 FS F-15 Eagle in action at Red Flag–Alaska.jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, advanced propulsion concepts Active (1), Retired (1) 1993 – 1999 and IFCS programs 2002 – TBD Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center F-15S/MTD
McDonnell Douglas F-15B Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center (837) The F-15B research aircraft (tail number 837), the first two-seat F-15 built by McDonnell Douglas, was used initially for developmental testing and evaluation.
McDonnell Douglas X-36
Boeing-X36-InFlight.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1997 Dryden Flight Research Center 28% scale tailless fighter testbed.[33]
McCulloch J-2
McCulloch J-2 Aero Super Gyroplane - GPN-2000-001904.jpg
Rotorcraft Civil Test 1973 Langley Research Center
Micro Craft X-43 Hyper-X
X-43 NASA.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 2001 Dryden Flight Research Center Scramjet hypersonic testbed (Mach 9.68) (110,000 ft).[34]
MIT Daedalus
Daedalus-human-powered-aircraft.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Human Powered Retired (1) 1988 Dryden Flight Research Center Museum_of_Science_(Boston)
NASA AD-1
NASA AD–1
Fixed Wing Research, Oblique Wing Retired (1) 1979 - 1982 Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Hiller Aviation Museum Successfully demonstrated an aircraft wing that could be pivoted obliquely from zero to 60 degrees during flight.[35]
NASA Hyper III
Hyper III at Dryden 1969.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Retired (1) Dryden Flight Research Center
NASA Mini-Sniffer
Mini-Sniffer III on Lakebed.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, atmosphere, high altitude Retired (3) 1975 - 1982 Langley Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center
NASA M2-F1
NASA M2–F1 Lifting body
Fixed Wing Model Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center The NASA M2-F1 was a lightweight, unpowered prototype aircraft, developed to flight test the wingless Lifting body concept. It looked like a "flying bathtub," and was designated the M2–F1, the "M" referring to "manned" and "F" referring to "flight" version. In 1962, NASA Dryden management approved a program to build a lightweight, unpowered Lifting body prototype. It featured a plywood shell placed over a tubular steel frame crafted at Dryden. Construction was completed in 1963.[36]
NASA Paresev
NASA Parasev
Fixed Wing, Paraglider Research, Space Capsule Safety (1) Retired (4) 1961 - 1965 Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Was designed to study the ability of the Rogallo wing, also called Parawing, to descend a payload such as the Gemini space capsule safely from high altitude to ground.[37][38] Specifically, the Paresev was a test vehicle used to learn how to control this paraglider for a safe landing at a normal airfield.
NASA X-43
X-43A.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, X-Planes Retired (3) Langley Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center
North American AJ Savage
AJ-1 in flight over California 1950.jpg
Fixed Wing Trainer, Reduced gravity aircraft Retired (3) 1960 - TBD
North American F-82 Twin Mustang
North American XP-82 Twin Mustang 44-83887.Color.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Handling & Performance Retired (1) Langley Research Center
North American F-86 Sabre
North American F86-01.JPG
Fixed Wing Chase Retired Dryden Flight Research Center
North American F-100 Super Sabre
F-100C 4mation 060905-F-1234S-064.jpg
Fixed Wing Retired Dryden Flight Research Center
North American OV-10 Bronco
OV-10A MissANG 1980.JPEG
Fixed Wing Research, Noise & Wave Turbulence Retired Langley Research Center
North American X-15 (Rocket plane)
X-15 in flight.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, X-Planes, Hypersonic Flight Retired (1) 1959 - 1968 Dryden Flight Research Center Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum Conceived by NACA, three were built and explored the regime of hypersonic flight, often regarded as a direct predecessor to the Space Shuttle
North American X-15A-2
X-15 in flight.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force
North American XB-70A Valkyrie
XB–70 Valkyrie on display at Wright-Patterson AFB
Fixed Wing Research, Retired (1), Crashed (1) 1965 - 1969 Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center National Museum of the United States Air Force NASA participated heavily in the design and testing of the XB-70 Valkyrie in the mid to late 1960s. NASA and the United States Air Force had a joint agreement to use the second XB–70A prototype for high–speed research flights in support of the proposed SST program. These plans went awry on June 8, 1966, when the second XB–70 crashed following a midair collision with NASA's F–104N chase plane. After 33 research flights following the mid–air collision, the remaining XB–70A was flown to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base on February 4, 1969 for museum display.[39]
North American YF-93
North American YF-93A on lakebed.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Retired (2) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center
North American F-107
NAA XF-107A.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Pima Air and Space Museum (#1) (55-5118)
Northrop HL-10
Northrup HL-10.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Lifting body Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
Northrop M2-F2
Northrop M2-F2.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Lifting body Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center
Northrop M2-F3
Northrop M2-F3.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Lifting body Retired (1) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
Northrop T-38 Talon
T-38 560FTS RandolphAFB 2001.jpeg
Fixed Wing Trainer Active, Retired 1960s - Today El Paso Forward Operating Location, Ellington Field, Houston, Texas Used as a jet trainer for its astronauts since the 1960s.
Northrop X-3 Stiletto
Douglas X-3 NASA E-17348.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1952 Dryden Flight Research Center Titanium alloy construction; low aspect ratio wings.Planned to test long-duration high-speed flight.Incapable of reaching design speed, but provided insights into inertia coupling.[40]
Northrop X-4 Bantam
Northrop-X4-Bantam.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1948 Dryden Flight Research Center Air Force Flight Test Center Museum#Air Force Flight Test Museum Evaluated handling characteristics of tailless aircraft in the transonic speed region.[41]
Northrop-Grumman F-5E modified
F-5E Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration aircraft.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration (SSBD) Retired (1) 2003-2007 Dryden Flight Research Center, Langley Research Center Valiant Air Command Warbird Museum The Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration was a two-year program that used an F-5E with a modified fuselage in order to demonstrate that the aircraft's shockwave, and accompanying sonic boom, can be shaped and thereby reduced.[42]
Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk
Global Hawk 1.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (2) Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center
Orbital Sciences X-34
Orbital Sciences X34.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, X-Planes, Retired Never flew National Museum of the United States Air Force Reusable unmanned space plane testbed.[43]
OMAC Laser 300
OMAC Laser 300.jpg
Fixed Wing Civil Test Retired (3) Langley Research Center
Piper PA-30 Twin Comanche
Piper PA-30 Twin Comanche landing.jpg
Retired Dryden Flight Research Center Kings River Community College (808NA)
Pitcairn PAA-1
Pitcairn Autogiro NASA GPN-2000-001990.jpg
V/STOL Research, Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Rockwell RPRV-870 HiMAT
HIMAT.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research, Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology Retired (2) Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
Rockwell-MBB X-31
Rockwell-MBB X-31 landing.JPG
Fixed Wing Research, X-Planes, Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability (EFM) Retired (1), Crashed (2) Dryden Flight Research Center, European Aeronautic, Defense and Space Company Oberschleißheim Museum (part of the Deutsches Museum)
Rutan VariEze
Rutan.variEze.g-veze.arp.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Civil Air Active Langley Research Center
Ryan VZ-3 Vertiplane
VZ-3RY flaps down on runway.jpg
VTOL Experimental VTOL aircraft Retired (1) Moffett Federal Airfield United States Army Aviation Museum
Ryan XV–5 Vertifan
XV-5-ramp.jpg
V/STOL Research, Rescue Research Retired (1) Ames Research Center
Scaled Composites X-38
ISS Crew Return Vehicle.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired (2) 1999 Dryden Flight Research Center Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum (V-131), Strategic Air and Space Museum(V-132) Lifting body Crew Return Vehicle demonstrator.[44]
Systems Integration Evaluation Remote Research Aircraft (SIERRA)
SIERRA-Systems Integration Evaluation Remote Research Aircraft.jpg
Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Crashed (1) Ames Research Center Lost at Sea
Schweizer X-26 Frigate
X-26 sailplane.jpg
Research, X-Planes, Retired 1967 Dryden Flight Research Center National Soaring Museum (1-36) Training glider for yaw-roll couplingQuiet observation aircraft testbed.[45]
Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe
Sikorsky Skycrane carrying parachute bomb c.jpg
Rotorcraft Utility Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Sikorsky H-19
Sikorsky S-55 inflight c.jpg
Rotorcraft Utility Retired (1) Langley Research Center
Sikorsky S-72, RSRA
NASA RSRA in flight.jpg
V/STOL Research, Retired (2) 1979-? Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Center RSRA, Rotor Systems Research Aircraft
Vought F–8 Crusader (Fly by Wire)
F-8E VMF-212 CVA-34 1965 (cropped).jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Digital Fly–By–Wire Control System Retired (1) 1970s Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center Technology has become standard on modern high performance military aircraft.
Vought F–8 Crusader (Supercritical wing)
F-8E VMF-212 CVA-34 1965 (cropped).jpg
Fixed Wing Research Platform, Supercritical wing Retired (1) 1970s Dryden Flight Research Center Dryden Flight Research Center Technology has become standard on modern high performance military aircraft.
Vought XF8U–3 Crusader III
XF8U-3 Crusader III.jpg
Fixed Wing Research, Atmospheric Platform Retired (3) 1958-?
eXperimental Sensor-Controller Aerial Vehicle (XSCAV) Fixed Wing, UAV Research Platform, Airborne Science Program Active (1) Ames Research Center Ames Research Center

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 14.
  2. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, pp. 5-7.
  3. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 11.
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  5. ^ Curry, Marty, ed. (May 7, 2008). "NASA — NASA Dryden Fact Sheet — B-52B "Mothership" Launch Aircraft". Dryden Flight Research Center. NASA. Retrieved January 9, 2010. 
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  7. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 47.
  8. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 50.
  9. ^ NASA - X-48 Project Completes Flight Research for Cleaner, Quieter Aircraft, NASA, April 12, 2013, retrieved May 3, 2013 
  10. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 58.
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  43. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 43.
  44. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 48.
  45. ^ Jenkins, Landis & Miller 2003, p. 34.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]