List of NCAA Men's Division I Basketball champions

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A room with glass display cases containing rectangular, wooden trophies that are gold-plated.
The University of California, Los Angeles (trophy room pictured) has won the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship a record 11 times.

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Men's Division I Basketball Championship, or NCAA Tournament, is a single-elimination tournament for men's college basketball teams in the United States. It determines the champion of Division I, the top level of play in the NCAA,[1] and the media often describes the winner as the national champion of college basketball.[2][3] The NCAA Tournament has been held annually since 1939, and its field grew from eight teams in the beginning to sixty-five teams by 2001; as of 2011, sixty-eight teams take part in the tournament.[4][5] Teams can gain invitations by winning a conference championship or receiving an at-large bid from a 10-person committee.[6] The semifinals of the tournament are known as the Final Four and are held in a different city each year, along with the championship game;[7] Indianapolis, the city where the NCAA is based, will host the Final Four every five years until 2040.[8] Each winning university receives a rectangular, gold-plated trophy made of wood.[9]

The first NCAA Tournament was organized by the National Association of Basketball Coaches.[10] Oregon won the inaugural tournament, defeating Ohio State 46–33 in the first championship game. Before the 1941 tournament, control of the event was given to the NCAA.[10] In the early years of the tournament, it was considered less important than the National Invitation Tournament (NIT), a New York City-based event.[11][12] Teams were able to compete in both events in the same year, and three of those that did so—Utah in 1944, Kentucky in 1949, and City College of New York (CCNY) in 1950—won the NCAA Tournament.[13] The 1949–50 CCNY team won both tournaments (defeating Bradley in both finals), and is the only college basketball team to accomplish this feat.[14] By the 1950s, the NCAA Tournament became the more prestigious of the two events,[15] and in 1971 the NCAA barred universities from playing in other tournaments, such as the NIT, if they were invited to the NCAA Tournament.[16]

The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) has been the most successful college in the NCAA Tournament, winning 11 national titles. Ten of those championships came during a 12-year stretch from 1964 to 1975. UCLA also holds the record for the most consecutive championships, winning seven in a row from 1967 to 1973. Kentucky has the second-most titles, with eight, and Indiana and North Carolina follow with five championships each. Connecticut is the most recent champion, having defeated Kentucky in the final of the 2014 tournament. Among head coaches, John Wooden is the all-time leader with 10 championships; he coached UCLA during their period of success in the 1960s and 1970s. Duke's Mike Krzyzewski and Kentucky's Adolph Rupp are tied for the second-most titles among head coaches with four apiece.

Championship games[edit]

Legend for "Championship games" table below
Indicator Meaning
* Game was decided in an overtime period
dagger Game was decided in a third overtime period
Year Each year is linked to an article about that particular NCAA Tournament
Championship games, by year, showing winners and losers, final scores and venues
Year Winning team Winning head coach Score Losing team Losing head coach Venue City Ref.
1939 Oregon Hobson, HowardHoward Hobson 46–33 Ohio State Olsen, HaroldHarold Olsen Patten Gymnasium Evanston, Illinois [17]
1940 Indiana McCracken, BranchBranch McCracken 60–42 Kansas Allen, PhogPhog Allen Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [18]
1941 Wisconsin Foster, BudBud Foster 39–34 Washington State Friel, JackJack Friel Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [19]
1942 Stanford Dean, EverettEverett Dean 53–38 Dartmouth Cowles, O. B.O. B. Cowles Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [20]
1943 Wyoming Shelton, EverettEverett Shelton 46–34 Georgetown Ripley, ElmerElmer Ripley Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [21]
1944 Utah Peterson, VadalVadal Peterson 42–40* Dartmouth Brown, EarlEarl Brown Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [22]
1945 Oklahoma A&M Iba, HenryHenry Iba 49–45 NYU Cann, HowardHoward Cann Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [23]
1946 Oklahoma A&M Iba, HenryHenry Iba 43–40 North Carolina Carnevale, BenBen Carnevale Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [24]
1947 Holy Cross Julian, DoggieDoggie Julian 58–47 Oklahoma Drake, BruceBruce Drake Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [25]
1948 Kentucky Rupp, AdolphAdolph Rupp 58–42 Baylor Henderson, BillBill Henderson Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [26]
1949 Kentucky Rupp, AdolphAdolph Rupp 46–36 Oklahoma A&M Iba, HenryHenry Iba Hec Edmundson Pavilion Seattle, Washington [27]
1950 CCNY Holman, NatNat Holman 71–68 Bradley Anderson, ForddyForddy Anderson Madison Square Garden New York City, New York [28]
1951 Kentucky Rupp, AdolphAdolph Rupp 68–58 Kansas State Gardner, JackJack Gardner Williams Arena Minneapolis, Minnesota [29]
1952 Kansas Allen, PhogPhog Allen 80–63 St. John's McGuire, FrankFrank McGuire Hec Edmundson Pavilion Seattle, Washington [30]
1953 Indiana McCracken, BranchBranch McCracken 69–68 Kansas Allen, PhogPhog Allen Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [31]
1954 La Salle Loeffler, KenKen Loeffler 92–76 Bradley Anderson, ForddyForddy Anderson Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [32]
1955 San Francisco Woolpert, PhilPhil Woolpert 77–63 La Salle Loeffler, KenKen Loeffler Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [33]
1956 San Francisco Woolpert, PhilPhil Woolpert 83–71 Iowa O'Connor, BuckyBucky O'Connor McGaw Hall Evanston, Illinois [34]
1957 North Carolina McGuire, FrankFrank McGuire 54–53dagger Kansas Harp, DickDick Harp Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [35]
1958 Kentucky Rupp, AdolphAdolph Rupp 84–72 Seattle Castellani, JohnJohn Castellani Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [36]
1959 California Newell, PetePete Newell 71–70 West Virginia Schaus, FredFred Schaus Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [37]
1960 Ohio State Taylor, FredFred Taylor 75–55 California Newell, PetePete Newell Cow Palace Daly City, California [38]
1961 Cincinnati Jucker, EdEd Jucker 70–65* Ohio State Taylor, FredFred Taylor Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [39]
1962 Cincinnati Jucker, EdEd Jucker 71–59 Ohio State Taylor, FredFred Taylor Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [40]
1963 Loyola Chicago Ireland, GeorgeGeorge Ireland 60–58* Cincinnati Jucker, EdEd Jucker Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [41]
1964 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 98–83 Duke Bubas, VicVic Bubas Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri [42]
1965 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 91–80 Michigan Strack, DaveDave Strack Memorial Coliseum Portland, Oregon [43]
1966 Texas Western Haskins, DonDon Haskins 72–65 Kentucky Rupp, AdolphAdolph Rupp Cole Field House College Park, Maryland [44]
1967 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 79–64 Dayton Donoher, DonDon Donoher Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [45]
1968 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 78–55 North Carolina Smith, DeanDean Smith Sports Arena Los Angeles, California [46]
1969 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 92–72 Purdue King, GeorgeGeorge King Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky [47]
1970 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 80–69 Jacksonville Williams, JoeJoe Williams Cole Field House College Park, Maryland [48]
1971 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 68–62 Villanova[a] Kraft, JackJack Kraft Astrodome Houston, Texas [49]
1972 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 81–76 Florida State Durham, HughHugh Durham Memorial Sports Arena Los Angeles, California [50]
1973 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 87–66 Memphis State Bartow, GeneGene Bartow St. Louis Arena St. Louis, Missouri [51]
1974 North Carolina State Sloan, NormNorm Sloan 76–64 Marquette McGuire, AlAl McGuire Greensboro Coliseum Greensboro, North Carolina [52]
1975 UCLA Wooden, JohnJohn Wooden 92–85 Kentucky Hall, Joe B.Joe B. Hall San Diego Sports Arena San Diego, California [53]
1976 Indiana Knight, BobBob Knight 86–68 Michigan Orr, JohnnyJohnny Orr Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [54]
1977 Marquette McGuire, AlAl McGuire 67–59 North Carolina Smith, DeanDean Smith Omni Coliseum Atlanta, Georgia [55]
1978 Kentucky Hall, Joe B.Joe B. Hall 94–88 Duke Foster, BillBill Foster The Checkerdome St. Louis, Missouri [56]
1979 Michigan State Heathcote, JudJud Heathcote 75–64 Indiana State Hodges, BillBill Hodges Special Events Center Salt Lake City, Utah [57]
1980 Louisville Crum, DennyDenny Crum 59–54 UCLA[a] Brown, LarryLarry Brown Market Square Arena Indianapolis, Indiana [58]
1981 Indiana Knight, BobBob Knight 63–50 North Carolina Smith, DeanDean Smith Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [59]
1982 North Carolina Smith, DeanDean Smith 63–62 Georgetown Thompson, JohnJohn Thompson Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana [60]
1983 North Carolina State Valvano, JimJim Valvano 54–52 Houston Lewis, GuyGuy Lewis University Arena Albuquerque, New Mexico [61]
1984 Georgetown Thompson, JohnJohn Thompson 84–75 Houston Lewis, GuyGuy Lewis Kingdome Seattle, Washington [62]
1985 Villanova Massimino, RollieRollie Massimino 66–64 Georgetown Thompson, JohnJohn Thompson Rupp Arena Lexington, Kentucky [63]
1986 Louisville Crum, DennyDenny Crum 72–69 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski Reunion Arena Dallas, Texas [64]
1987 Indiana Knight, BobBob Knight 74–73 Syracuse Boeheim, JimJim Boeheim Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana [65]
1988 Kansas Brown, LarryLarry Brown 83–79 Oklahoma Tubbs, BillyBilly Tubbs Kemper Arena Kansas City, Missouri [66]
1989 Michigan Fisher, SteveSteve Fisher 80–79* Seton Hall Carlesimo, P. J.P. J. Carlesimo Kingdome Seattle, Washington [67]
1990 UNLV Tarkanian, JerryJerry Tarkanian 103–73 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski McNichols Sports Arena Denver, Colorado [68]
1991 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski 72–65 Kansas Williams, RoyRoy Williams Hoosier Dome Indianapolis, Indiana [69]
1992 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski 71–51 Michigan[a] Fisher, SteveSteve Fisher Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota [70]
1993 North Carolina Smith, DeanDean Smith 77–71 Michigan[a] Fisher, SteveSteve Fisher Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana [71]
1994 Arkansas Richardson, NolanNolan Richardson 76–72 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski Charlotte Coliseum Charlotte, North Carolina [72]
1995 UCLA Harrick, JimJim Harrick 89–78 Arkansas Richardson, NolanNolan Richardson Kingdome Seattle, Washington [73]
1996 Kentucky Pitino, RickRick Pitino 76–67 Syracuse Boeheim, JimJim Boeheim Continental Airlines Arena East Rutherford, New Jersey [74]
1997 Arizona Olson, LuteLute Olson 84–79* Kentucky Pitino, RickRick Pitino RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana [75]
1998 Kentucky Smith, TubbyTubby Smith 78–69 Utah Majerus, RickRick Majerus Alamodome San Antonio, Texas [76]
1999 Connecticut Calhoun, JimJim Calhoun 77–74 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski Tropicana Field St. Petersburg, Florida [77]
2000 Michigan State Izzo, TomTom Izzo 89–76 Florida Donovan, BillyBilly Donovan RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana [78]
2001 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski 82–72 Arizona Olson, LuteLute Olson Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota [79]
2002 Maryland Williams, GaryGary Williams 64–52 Indiana Davis, MikeMike Davis Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia [80]
2003 Syracuse Boeheim, JimJim Boeheim 81–78 Kansas Williams, RoyRoy Williams Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana [81]
2004 Connecticut Calhoun, JimJim Calhoun 82–73 Georgia Tech Hewitt, PaulPaul Hewitt Alamodome San Antonio, Texas [82]
2005 North Carolina Williams, RoyRoy Williams 75–70 Illinois Weber, BruceBruce Weber Edward Jones Dome St. Louis, Missouri [83]
2006 Florida Donovan, BillyBilly Donovan 73–57 UCLA Howland, BenBen Howland RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana [84]
2007 Florida Donovan, BillyBilly Donovan 84–75 Ohio State Matta, ThadThad Matta Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia [85]
2008 Kansas Self, BillBill Self 75–68* Memphis[a] Calipari, JohnJohn Calipari Alamodome San Antonio, Texas [86]
2009 North Carolina Williams, RoyRoy Williams 89–72 Michigan State Izzo, TomTom Izzo Ford Field Detroit, Michigan [87]
2010 Duke Krzyzewski, MikeMike Krzyzewski 61–59 Butler Stevens, BradBrad Stevens Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis, Indiana [88]
2011 Connecticut Calhoun, JimJim Calhoun 53–41 Butler Stevens, BradBrad Stevens Reliant Stadium Houston, Texas [89]
2012 Kentucky Calipari, JohnJohn Calipari 67–59 Kansas Self, BillBill Self Mercedes-Benz Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana [90]
2013 Louisville Pitino, RickRick Pitino 82–76 Michigan Beilein, JohnJohn Beilein Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia [91]
2014 Connecticut Ollie, KevinKevin Ollie 60–54 Kentucky Calipari, JohnJohn Calipari AT&T Stadium Arlington, Texas [92]

Multiple champions[edit]

Teams that have won the championship more than once
Team Wins Years won
UCLA 11 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995
Kentucky 8 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1996, 1998, 2012
Indiana 5 1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987
North Carolina 5 1957, 1982, 1993, 2005, 2009
Connecticut 4 1999, 2004, 2011, 2014
Duke 4 1991, 1992, 2001, 2010
Kansas 3 1952, 1988, 2008
Louisville 3 1980, 1986, 2013
Cincinnati 2 1961, 1962
Florida 2 2006, 2007
Michigan State 2 1979, 2000
North Carolina State 2 1974, 1983
Oklahoma A&M 2 1945, 1946
San Francisco 2 1955, 1956

Champions by conference status[edit]

Champions by conference[edit]

Championships by conference membership at the time of tournaments
Conference Wins Years won Ref(s)
Pacific-12 Conference (1915–current) 15 1939, 1942, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995, 1997 [17][37][93][94]
Atlantic Coast Conference (1953–current) 12 1957, 1974, 1982, 1983, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2009, 2010 [95][96][97][98]
Southeastern Conference (1932–current) 11 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2006, 2007, 2012 [99][100][101][102][103][104][105][106][107][108][109]
Big Ten Conference (1896–current) 10 1940, 1941, 1953, 1960, 1976, 1979, 1981, 1987, 1989, 2000 [110]
Big East Conference (old) (1979–2013) 7 1984, 1985, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2011, 2013 [91][111][112]
Independents 6 1944, 1947, 1954, 1963, 1966, 1977 [44][113][114][115][116][117]
Missouri Valley Conference (1907–current) 4 1945, 1946, 1961, 1962 [118][119][120][121]
Big 8 Conference (1907–1996) 2 1952, 1988 [30][66]
Metro Conference (1975–1995) 2 1980, 1986 [122]
West Coast Conference (1952–current) 2 1955, 1956 [123]
American Athletic Conference (2014–current) 1 2014 [92]
Big 12 Conference (1994–current) 1 2008 [124]
Big West Conference (1969–current) 1 1990 [125]
Metropolitan New York Conference (1933–1963) 1 1950 [126]
Mountain States Conference (1938–1962) 1 1943 [127]

Championships by current conference membership[edit]

Championships by current conference membership
Conference Wins Years won Ref(s)
Pacific-12 Conference 16 1939, 1942, 1944, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995, 1997 [128][129]
Atlantic Coast Conference 13 1957, 1974, 1982, 1983, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2010 [130][131]
Southeastern Conference 11 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2006, 2007, 2012 [132]
Big Ten Conference 10 1940, 1941, 1953, 1960, 1976, 1979, 1981, 1987, 1989, 2000 [133]
American Athletic Conference 9 1961, 1962, 1980, 1986, 1999, 2004, 2011, 2013, 2014 [134][135][136]
Big 12 Conference 5 1945, 1946, 1952, 1988, 2008 [137][138][139]
Big East Conference 3 1977, 1984, 1985 [140][141]
Mountain West Conference 2 1943, 1990 [142][143]
West Coast Conference 2 1955, 1956 [144]
Atlantic 10 Conference 1 1954 [145]
City University of New York Athletic Conference 1 1950 [146]
Conference USA 1 1966 [147]
Missouri Valley Conference 1 1963 [148]
Patriot League 1 1947 [149]

Championships by state[edit]

Championships by state
State Wins Years won
California 15 1942, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995
Kentucky 11 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1996, 1998, 2012, 2013
North Carolina 11 1957, 1974, 1982, 1983, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2010
Indiana 5 1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987
Connecticut 4 1999, 2004, 2011, 2014
Ohio 3 1960, 1961, 1962
Kansas 3 1952, 1988, 2008
Michigan 3 1979,1989, 2000
Oklahoma 2 1945, 1946
Wisconsin 2 1941, 1977
Pennsylvania 2 1954, 1985
New York 2 1950, 2003
Florida 2 2006, 2007
Oregon 1 1939
Wyoming 1 1943
Utah 1 1944
Massachusetts 1 1947
Illinois 1 1963
Texas 1 1966
Washington, D.C. 1 1984
Nevada 1 1990
Arkansas 1 1994
Arizona 1 1997
Maryland 1 2002

Championships by region[edit]

Championships by region
Region Wins Schools and Number of Championships if >1
New England 5 Connecticut – 4, Holy Cross
Mid-Atlantic 4 CCNY, LaSalle, Syracuse, Villanova
Total Northeast 9
South Atlantic 15 North Carolina – 5, Duke – 4, Florida – 2, North Carolina State – 2, Georgetown, Maryland
East South Central 11 Kentucky – 8, Louisville – 3
West South Central 4 Oklahoma A&M – 2, Arkansas, Texas Western (now UTEP)
Total South 30
East North Central 14 Indiana – 5, Michigan State – 2, Cincinnati – 2, Loyola-Chicago, Marquette, Michigan, Ohio State, Wisconsin
West North Central 3 Kansas – 3
Total Midwest 17
Mountain 4 Arizona, UNLV, Utah, Wyoming
Pacific 16 UCLA – 11, San Francisco – 2, California, Oregon, Stanford
Total West 20

U.S. Census regions map:[150]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 The result was later stricken from the NCAA record books after it was discovered that the team had committed a rules violation.[151][152]

References[edit]

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