List of NRO Launches

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Official mission patch from NRO Launch-39

This is a list of NRO Launch (NROL) designations, used to identify classified satellites operated by the United States National Reconnaissance Office.


Launch
Designation
Launch Name Satellite
Designation
Launch
Date/Time (GMT)
Launch Site Rocket Orbit Project Function Status Patch Remarks
L-1 Nemesis[1] USA-179[1] 2004-08-31, 23:17[2] CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] Molniya Quasar[1] Communications[2] Active NROL1 USA179 patch.jpg
L-2 USA-129 1996-12-20 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO KH-11 Optical imaging
L-3 USA-133 1997-10-24 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO Lacrosse ELINT Active
L-4 Oscar USA-136 1997-11-08 CCAFS LC-41 Titan IV Molniya Trumpet ELINT Active
L-5 Capricorn[1] USA-137[1] 1998-01-29, 18:37 CCAFS SLC-36A Atlas IIA Molniya Quasar[1] Communications Active
L-6 Jack USA-139[3] 1998-05-09 CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IV/Centaur GSO Orion ELINT NROL6 USA139 patch.jpg
L-7 Elwood N/A 1998-08-12 CCAFS SLC-41 Titan IV/Centaur GSO (planned) Mercury ELINT Failed: 1998-08-12 "On a Mission from DoD" Rocket self-destructed 40 seconds into launch due to guidance problem[4]
L-8 None 1998-10-03 VAFB LC-576E Taurus 1110 LEO STEX Technology ATEX experiment jettisoned on 1999-01-16 and catalogued as USA-141
L-9 USA-144[1] 1999-05-22, 09:36[5] VAFB SLC-4E[5] Titan IV-B[5] Misty[1] Optical imaging[1] USA144Misty2patch.jpg First Titan IV-B launch from VAFB
L-10 Great Bear[1] USA-155[1] 2000-12-06, 02:47[2] CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] Quasar[1] Communications[2] Active NROL10 USA155 patch.jpg NROL10 2 patch sml.jpg
L-11 USA-152 2000-08-17, 23:45 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active NRO L11 missionpatch.jpg Lacrosse4 L2 patch sml.jpg Lacrosse4 L patch.jpg
L-12 Aquila[1] USA-162[1] 2001-10-11, 02:32[2] CCAFS SLC-36B[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] Quasar[1] Communications Active
L-13 Gemini[1] USA-160[1] 2001-09-08, 15:25 VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-14 USA-161 2001-10-05 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical reconnaissance Active
L-15 USA-237 2012-06-29[6] CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy (first RS-68A upgrade) GSO Mentor* ELINT Active * - or follow-on
L-16 Prometheus USA-182[3] 2005-04-30, 00:50[7] CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active Lacrosse5 L patch.jpg Lacrosse5 M patch.jpg
L-17 GeoLITE[1] USA-158[1] 2001-05-18, 17:45[8] CCAFS SLC-17B[8] Delta II 7925-9.5[8] GSO[8] GeoLITE[1] Technology demonstration[8] Active
L-18 Libra[1] USA-173[1] 2003-12-02, 10:04[2] VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-19 Homer[9] USA-171[3] 2003-09-09, 04:29[10] CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB/Centaur GSO Orion ELINT Active NROL19 USA171 patch.jpg NROL 19 patch sml.jpg
L-20 USA-186[3] 2005-10-19, 18:04.[11] VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Active NROL20 USA186 patch.jpg
L-21 USA-193[1] 2006-12-14, 21:00[8] VAFB SLC-2W[8] Delta II 7920-10[8] LEO[8] Unknown Unknown Failed USA193patch.jpg Failed immediately after launch. Destroyed by ASAT on 2008-02-21.
L-22 USA-184[1] 2006-06-27, 03:30 VAFB SLC-6 Delta IVM+(4,2) Molniya Improved Trumpet[1] ELINT Active NROL22 USA184 patch.jpg
L-23 Canis Minor[1] USA-181[1] 2005-02-03, 07:41 CCAFS SLC-36B Atlas IIIB LEO Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance Active NROL23 NOSS3 3patch.jpg NROL23 NOSS3 3 L patch.jpg 2 satellites
L-24 Scorpius[1] USA-198[1] 2007-12-10, 22:05 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Molniya Quasar[1] Communications Active NROL24 USA198 patch.jpg NROL24 USA198 L patch.jpg
L-25 Altair USA-234 2012-04-03. 23:12:57.278[12][13] VAFB SLC-6 Delta IVM+(5,2) Retrograde LEO [14] Topaz Radar imaging Active NROL-25-patch.jpg
L-26 USA-202 2009-01-18, 02:47 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Orion ELINT Active NROL26 USA202 patch.jpg NROL26 USA202 L patch.jpg
L-27 Gryphon[9] USA-227 2011-03-11, 23:38 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IVM+(4,2) GSO Quasar Communications Active NROL 27 patch sml.jpg NROL27 2 patch sml.jpg
L-28 USA-200 2008-03-13, 10:02 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 411 Molniya Improved Trumpet ELINT Active NROL28 USA200 patch.jpg USA200patch.jpg
L-29 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 521 [15] Cancelled
L-30 Pyxis[1] USA-194[1] 2007-06-15, 15:11 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401[1] LEO Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance Active NROL30 NOSS3 4patch.jpg 2 satellites
Premature 2nd stage cutoff during launch. Lifetime reduced by need to correct orbit
L-32[16] USA-223 2010-11-21, 22:58[17] CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Orion[18] ELINT Operational NROL32 patch.jpg NROL-32 Patch.png
L-33 [19] TBD NET 2014 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch
L-34 Odin[20] USA-229 2011-04-15 VAFB SLC-3E[17] Atlas V 411[17] LEO Intruder Naval SIGINT Operational[21] NROL 34 patch.jpg Two satellites
L-35 TBD NET 2013 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 531 Awaiting launch
L-36[22] USA-238[23] 2012-09-13 [13] VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401[24] Low Earth Intruder SIGINT Launched

NROL-36 Logo.jpg

Two satellites sharing a designation
L-37 TBD NET 2015 Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-38 [25] Drake [26] USA-236 2012-06-20, 12:28 [13] CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Quasar Communications Launched National Reconnaissance Office NROL-38 launch patch.jpg
L-39 [27] USA-247 2013-12-06[28] VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 Low Earth Topaz Radar imaging Launched Mission "patch" of NROL-39: an octopus grabbing the earth's globe, labeled "Nothing is beyond our reach"
L-41[16] Gladys[9] USA-215[1] 2010-09-21 04:03:30[17] VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 LEO (retrograde)[29] 1058 x 1072 km [30] Topaz Radar imaging Operational NROL 41 patch.jpg NROL 41 Gladys patch sml.jpg
L-42 TBD NET 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 541 Awaiting launch
L-45 [27] TBD NET 2012 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 Low Earth Topaz Awaiting launch
L-49[16] Betty[9] USA-224 2011-01-20 21:10[31] VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO 239 x 1005 km[32] KH-11[31] Optical imaging Operational NROL49 patch.jpg NROL49 2 patch sml.jpg
L-55 TBD NET 2014 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch
L-61 TBD NET 2017 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 411 Awaiting launch
L-65 [33] USA-245 2013-08-28
18:03:00
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Launched
L-66[34] USA-225 2011-02-06
12:26
VAFB SLC-8 Minotaur I LEO RPP Technology Operational NROL-66 Patch.png
L-67 [35] USA-250 2014-04-10
17:45:00
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 541 Launched
L-79 TBD NET 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive – US Military Launch Record. None. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Encyclopedia Astronautica – Atlas IIAS. Astronautix.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d NRO codenames. Forum.nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  4. ^ National Reconnaissance Office Satellite Destroyed August 19, 1998
  5. ^ a b c National Reconnaissance Satellite Successfully Launched May 22, 1999
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ NRO Successfully Launches Last Titan from Cape Canaveral April 29, 2005
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Encyclopedia Astronautica – Delta 7000[dead link]
  9. ^ a b c d "Re: NROL codenames". nasaspaceflight.com. 2011-01-22. 
  10. ^ NRO SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHES PAYLOAD FROM TITAN IV September 10, 2003
  11. ^ NRO Payload Takes Last Ride Aboard Titan IV October 20, 2005
  12. ^ NROL-25 Mission Status
  13. ^ a b c Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on Feb 3, 2012.
  14. ^ Delta 4 headed for backwards orbit
  15. ^ http://www.comspacewatch.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=16796
  16. ^ a b c Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  17. ^ a b c d Atlas Launch Report | Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  18. ^ Delta IV Heavy launches with NROL-32. NASASpaceFlight.com (2010-11-21). Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  19. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-33
  20. ^ :::: United Launch Alliance, LLC ::::. Ulalaunch.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ http://www.n2yo.com/satellite/?s=38758
  23. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=2012-048A
  24. ^ http://www.ulalaunch.com/site/pages/Launch.shtml#/30/
  25. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-38
  26. ^ http://www.spaceflightnow.com/atlas/av023/images/NROL38logo.jpg
  27. ^ a b https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=3f220ddfda92019ff7ad72adcde4e37c&tab=core&_cview=1
  28. ^ NRO Press Release 2013-04
  29. ^ Barhorst, Leo (2010-10-01). "Reason for FIA Radar 1/USA 215 retrograde orbit?". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  30. ^ Molczan, Ted (2010-09-22). "NROL 41". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  31. ^ a b Graham, William (2011-01-20). "Delta IV Heavy launches on debut West Coast launch with NRO L-49". nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  32. ^ Molczan, Ted (2011-01-22). "RE: NROL-49 search elements". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. 
  33. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-65
  34. ^ Graham, William (2011-02-06). "Orbital’s Minotaur I launches with NROL-66". nasaspaceflight.com. 
  35. ^ "United Launch Alliance Successfully Launches Second Mision in Just Seven Days". United Launch Alliance. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 

External links[edit]

  • [Link dead] The Current NSS Launch Manifest, 2001–2020 (page 83)
  • [3] National Security Space Launch Report (pages 112)