List of Naga tribes

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Naga is a vaguely defined umbrella term for several tribes in North-East India and Upper Burma.

S. R. Tohring (2010) lists 66 Naga tribes.[1] The 1991 Census of India listed 35 Naga groups as Scheduled Tribes (17 in Nagaland), 15 in Manipur and 3 in Arunachal Pradesh).[2]

In the past, writers such as Dr. Rev Dozo (in The Cross over Nagaland) and Renthy Keitzar, have classified the Kuki as one of the Naga tribes.

Tribe Traditional territory Recognized as Scheduled Tribe in Reference for classification as Naga Comments Image
Anal Chandel district (India), Burma Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also classified as Kuki[3]
Angami India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
An Angami man in traditional dress
Ao India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Ao woman in traditional attire
Chang India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Chirr Burma Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Chiru India Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010
Chothe India Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also classified as Kuki-Chin[3]
Htangan Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Inpui India S. R. Tohring, 2010
Kharam (also Khaklak, Hkaklak or Purum) Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Khiamniungan (or Khiamnungam) Burma, India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Khoibu Manipur Romesh Singh, 2006[4]
Konyak Burma, India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
A Konyak chief in his traditional outfit
Laihe Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Lainung Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Lamkang (also Lamgang or Langang) Tengnoupal district (India) Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010
Liangmai (also Liangmai or Lingmai) Tamenglong (Manipur, India) Manipur, Assam (as Zeliangrong) S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also known as Koireng (or Quireng) — not to be confused with the Koireng Kukis
Liangmai youths performing folk dance during Road Show in Peren, Nagaland.
Lotha India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Makuri (also Macharay or Makhori) Burma Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Mao (also Ememei) Senapati district, Manipur and Kohima and Dimapur districts, Nagaland (India) Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also called Shiipfomei together with Poumai[5]
Maram Senapati district (India) Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010
Maring Tengnoupal district (India) Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also classified as Kuki[3]
Monsang Tengnoupal district (India) Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010
Moyon Tengnoupal district (India), Burma Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 Also classified as Kuki[3]
Mzieme Nagaland William Frawley, 2003[6]
Nokho (or Noko) Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Nocte (or Nokte) India, Burma Patkai hills of Tirap district, Arunachal Pradesh. S. R. Tohring, 2010
A diorama of Nocte people in a museum
Para Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Pochury (also Phochuri or Puchuri) India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Phom India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Poumai Senapati District, Manipur and Phek district, Nagaland (India) S. R. Tohring, 2010
Glory Day celebration of the Poumai Naga
Puimei Manipur and Assam William Frawley, 2003[6] Not to be confused with Poumai
Rangpan Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Rengma India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Rongmei (also Ruangmei) Tamenglong (Manipur, India) Manipur (as Kabui, Rongmei), Nagaland (as Rongmei), Assam (as Rongmei part of Zeliangrong) S. R. Tohring, 2010
Sangtam India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Shangphuri Burma S. R. Tohring, 2010
Singpho India S. R. Tohring, 2010 Generally considered as a distinct non-Naga tribe
Singpho girl in traditional dress
Sumi (or Sema) India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
A Sumi Naga woman from Zunheboto
Tangkhul Ukhrul district (India), Burma Manipur S. R. Tohring, 2010 formerly known as Rangpang, Pangmi and Heimi (Hemi/Haimi) in Burma
Tangkhul girl in a modern adaption of the traditional dress
Tangsa (or Tase) India Arunachal Pradesh S. R. Tohring, 2010 formerly known as Rangpang, Pangmi and Heimi (Hemi/Haimi) in Burma
A diorama of Tangsa people in a museum
Tarao India S. R. Tohring, 2010
Thangal Mao and Sadar Hills S. R. Tohring, 2010
Tikhir Burma, India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Thangal India Manipur
Tutsa India Robin Tribhuwan, 2005[7]
Wancho (or Wanchao) India Arunachal Pradesh S. R. Tohring, 2010
A diorama of the Wancho people in a museum
Yimchunger Burma, India Nagaland S. R. Tohring, 2010
Yimchunger girl at the Kutur village morung
Zeme Tamenglong, Senapati districts(Manipur), Peren district (Nagaland), NC Hills district(Assam), India zeliang in Nagaland,zeme in Assam, zeme in Manipur, Zeme is a part of zeliangrong tribe S.R.Tohring

Composite tribes[edit]

  • Chakhesang: Chakru, Kheza and Sangtam combined[5]
  • Kabui: Rongmei and Puimei together[5]
  • Shepfomei or Shepoumai (Mao-Poumai): Ememei, Lepaona, Chiliivai and Paomata together[5]
  • Zeliangrong: Rongmei, Liangmai and Zeme together[3]
    • Zeliang: Zeme and Liangmei together are called Zeliang in Nagaland[2]


References[edit]

  1. ^ S. R. Tohring (2010). Violence and identity in North-east India: Naga-Kuki conflict. Mittal Publications. pp. xv–xvii. ISBN 978-81-8324-344-5. 
  2. ^ a b U. A. Shimray (2007). Naga population and integration movement. Mittal Publications. pp. 25–33. ISBN 978-81-8324-181-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d e G. K. Ghosh, Shukla Ghosh (1997). Women of Manipur (illustrated ed.). APH Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 978-81-7024-897-2. 
  4. ^ M. Romesh Singh (1 January 2006). Tribal Development in 21st Century: An Experience from Manipur. Mittal Publications. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-81-8324-150-2. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d William Nepuni (2010). Socio-cultural history of Shüpfomei Naga tribe. Mittal Publications. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-81-8324-307-0. 
  6. ^ a b William Frawley (1 May 2003). International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. pp. 1–. ISBN 978-0-19-513977-8. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Robin D. Tribhuwan (1 January 2005). Tribal Housing Issues. Discovery Publishing House. pp. 56–. ISBN 978-81-7141-917-3. Retrieved 8 September 2013.