List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona

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This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona. There are 45 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Arizona, counting Hoover Dam which spans from Nevada and is listed in Nevada by the National Park Service (NPS), and Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites, which is listed by the NPS in Arizona, but also overlaps into California. The first designated was San Xavier del Bac Mission, in October, 1960. The most recently designated was the 1956 Grand Canyon TWA-United Airlines Aviation Accident Site in April 2014.[1]

Current NHLs[edit]

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location County Description
1 1956 Grand Canyon TWA – United Airlines Aviation Accident Site
Image of the crash site
April 23, 2014
(#14000280)
Grand Canyon National Park
36°10′30″N 111°49′59″W / 36.1750°N 111.833°W / 36.1750; -111.833 (1956 Grand Canyon TWA – United Airlines Aviation Accident Site)
Coconino Crash area of first major (100+ deaths) commercial air disaster in the United States; led to creation of Federal Aviation Administration
2 Air Force Facility Missile Site 8(Titan II ICBM Site 571-7)
An ICBM loaded into the silo of the Titan Missile Museum
April 19, 1994
(#92001234)
Green Valley
31°54′05″N 110°59′54″W / 31.901339°N 110.998414°W / 31.901339; -110.998414 (Air Force Facility Missile Site 8)
Pima Last surviving Titan II missile launch facility; inactive
3 Apache Pass and Fort Bowie
Ruins of Fort Bowie
December 19, 1960
(#72000194)
Bowie
32°08′46″N 109°26′08″W / 32.146111°N 109.435556°W / 32.146111; -109.435556 (Apache Pass and Fort Bowie)
Cochise Commemorates the conflict between the Chiricahua Apaches and the United States military; preserves the ruins of Fort Bowie
4 Awatovi Ruins
Awatovi Ruins
July 19, 1964
(#66000187)
Keams Canyon
35°43′07″N 110°16′37″W / 35.718611°N 110.276944°W / 35.718611; -110.276944 (Awatovi Ruins)
Navajo Ruins of a 500 year old pueblo visited by Coronado's men in 1540
5 Casa Malpais Site
Casa Malpais Site
July 19, 1964
(#66000936)
Springerville
34°09′N 109°18′W / 34.15°N 109.3°W / 34.15; -109.3 (Casa Malpais Site)
Apache Ruin built around 1250 A.D.; inhabited until about 1440 A.D
6 Mary Jane Colter buildings
Desert View Watchtower
May 28, 1987
(#87001436)
South Rim locations in Grand Canyon National Park
36°03′29″N 112°08′13″W / 36.058056°N 112.136944°W / 36.058056; -112.136944 (Mary Jane Colter buildings)
Coconino Includes Desert View Watchtower, Hermit's Rest, Hopi House, and The Lookout.
7 Desert Laboratory
Desert Laboratory
December 21, 1965
(#66000190)
Tucson
32°13′31″N 111°00′09″W / 32.225278°N 111.0025°W / 32.225278; -111.0025 (Desert Laboratory)
Pima Founded in 1903 to study plant adaptation to an arid desert environment with long term experiments, this laboratory contributed significantly to the formation of Ecology as a science. Part of the University of Arizona
8 Double Adobe Site Upload image
January 20, 1961
(#66000169)
Douglas
31°21′00″N 109°32′00″W / 31.35°N 109.53333°W / 31.35; -109.53333 (Double Adobe Site)
Cochise Archaeological site where development of the Cochise Culture occurred
9 El Tovar
El Tovar
May 28, 1987
(#74000334)
Grand Canyon Village
36°03′21″N 112°08′13″W / 36.055704°N 112.136999°W / 36.055704; -112.136999 (El Tovar)
Coconino Classic lodge at South Rim of Grand Canyon
10 Fort Apache and Theodore Roosevelt School Upload image
March 2, 2012
(#76000377)
Fort Apache
33°47′23″N 109°59′21″W / 33.789812°N 109.98903°W / 33.789812; -109.98903 (Fort Apache and Theodore Roosevelt School)
Navajo Site of historic Fort Apache; later converted to a school for the purpose of assimilating the native population. It is now a tribal museum.
11 Fort Huachuca
Historic Commanding Officer's quarters
May 11, 1976
(#74000443)
Sierra Vista
31°33′19″N 110°20′59″W / 31.555278°N 110.349722°W / 31.555278; -110.349722 (Fort Huachuca)
Cochise Commemorates "Buffalo Soldiers"
12 Gatlin Site
Gatlin Site
July 19, 1964
(#66000183)
Gila Bend
32°58′51″N 112°42′06″W / 32.980935°N 112.701612°W / 32.980935; -112.701612 (Gatlin Site)
Maricopa Preserves a Hohokam platform mound, pit houses, ball courts, middens, and prehistoric canals
13 Grand Canyon Depot
Grand Canyon Depot
May 28, 1987
(#74000337)
Grand Canyon Village
36°03′15″N 112°08′11″W / 36.054295°N 112.136346°W / 36.054295; -112.136346 (Grand Canyon Depot)
Coconino Railway station constructed in 1909-10 for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
14 Grand Canyon Lodge
Grand Canyon Lodge
May 28, 1987
(#82001721)
North Rim, Grand Canyon National Park
36°11′57″N 112°03′07″W / 36.199167°N 112.051944°W / 36.199167; -112.051944 (Grand Canyon Lodge)
Coconino Lodge at Bright Angel Point, on North Rim of Grand Canyon
15 Grand Canyon Park Operations Building
Grand Canyon Park Operations Building
May 28, 1987
(#87001412)
Grand Canyon Village
36°03′12″N 112°08′13″W / 36.053226°N 112.136908°W / 36.053226; -112.136908 (Grand Canyon Park Operations Building)
Coconino National Park Service building; built in 1929; designed to blend with the natural surroundings
16 Grand Canyon Power House
Grand Canyon Power House
May 28, 1987
(#87001411)
Grand Canyon Village
36°03′14″N 112°08′24″W / 36.053873°N 112.139970°W / 36.053873; -112.139970 (Grand Canyon Power House)
Coconino Rustic building designed to conceal the purpose of the building, which was to provide power to the railroad.
17 Grand Canyon Village
Grand Canyon Village
February 18, 1987
(#75000343)
Grand Canyon Village
36°03′20″N 112°08′18″W / 36.055556°N 112.138333°W / 36.055556; -112.138333 (Grand Canyon Village)
Coconino Planned town significant for its urban planning and ecological sensitivity
18 Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam
August 20, 1985
(#81000382)
Lake Mead National Recreation Area
36°00′56″N 114°44′16″W / 36.015556°N 114.737778°W / 36.015556; -114.737778 (Hoover Dam)
Mohave, AZ and Clark, NV Historic dam, power plant and water-storage facility
19 Hubbell Trading Post
Inside the trading post
December 12, 1960
(#66000167)
Ganado
35°43′32″N 109°35′36″W / 35.725556°N 109.59333°W / 35.725556; -109.59333 (Hubbell Trading Post)
Apache Meeting ground of two cultures, the Navajo and the settlers
20 Jerome Historic District
Jerome Historic District
November 13, 1966
(#66000196)
Jerome
34°45′13″N 112°06′41″W / 34.753611°N 112.111389°W / 34.753611; -112.111389 (Jerome Historic District)
Yavapai Copper mining town
21 Kinishba Ruins
Kinishba Ruins
July 19, 1964
(#66000180)
Whiteriver
33°48′53″N 110°03′16″W / 33.814722°N 110.054444°W / 33.814722; -110.054444 (Kinishba Ruins)
Gila Large pueblo ruin; accessible via Fort Apache Historical Park.
22 Lehner Mammoth-Kill Site Upload image
May 28, 1967
(#67000002)
Hereford
31°26′00″N 110°06′00″W / 31.433333°N 110.1°W / 31.433333; -110.1 (Lehner Mammoth-Kill Site)
Cochise Clovis culture mammoth butchering site
23 Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi
Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi
June 21, 1990
(#71000119)
Nogales
31°24′36″N 110°54′10″W / 31.409908°N 110.902689°W / 31.409908; -110.902689 (Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi)
Santa Cruz Ruins of Spanish mission church; founded 1691
24 Lowell Observatory
Lowell Observatory
December 21, 1965
(#66000172)
Flagstaff
35°12′10″N 111°39′52″W / 35.202778°N 111.664444°W / 35.202778; -111.664444 (Lowell Observatory)
Coconino Observatory where Pluto was discovered
25 C. Hart Merriam Base Camp Site
C. Hart Merriam Base Camp Site
December 21, 1965
(#66000173)
Flagstaff
35°18′09″N 111°57′32″W / 35.3025°N 111.958889°W / 35.3025; -111.958889 (C. Hart Merriam Base Camp Site)
Coconino Work site of C. Hart Merriam, path-breaking eco-biologist
26 Murray Springs Clovis Site
Murray Springs Clovis Site
October 16, 2012
(#12001019)
Sierra Vista
31°34′14″N 110°08′27″W / 31.570638°N 110.140872°W / 31.570638; -110.140872 (Murray Springs Clovis Site)
Cochise Clovis culture site associated with bison and mammoth kills; site open to public.
27 Navajo Nation Council Chamber
Navajo Nation Council Chamber
August 18, 2004
(#04001155)
Window Rock
35°40′58″N 109°02′54″W / 35.682778°N 109.048333°W / 35.682778; -109.048333 (Navajo Nation Council Chamber)
Apache Center of government for Navajo Nation.
28 Old Oraibi
Oraibi village, circa 1899
July 19, 1964
(#66000188)
Oraibi
35°52′35″N 110°38′25″W / 35.876389°N 110.640278°W / 35.876389; -110.640278 (Old Oraibi)
Navajo Historic Hopi village
29 Painted Desert Inn
Painted Desert Inn
May 28, 1987
(#87001421)
Petrified Forest National Park
35°05′01″N 109°47′20″W / 35.083737°N 109.788845°W / 35.083737; -109.788845 (Painted Desert Inn)
Apache Lodge in the Petrified Forest National Park
30 Phelps Dodge General Office Building
Phelps Dodge General Office Building
May 4, 1983
(#71000109)
Bisbee
31°26′25″N 109°54′41″W / 31.440186°N 109.911261°W / 31.440186; -109.911261 (Phelps Dodge General Office Building)
Cochise Phelps Dodge mining company headquarters from 1896 to 1961
31 Point of Pines Sites
Point of Pines Sites
July 19, 1964
(#66000182)
Morenci
32°50′00″N 109°43′00″W / 32.833333°N 109.716667°W / 32.833333; -109.716667 (Point of Pines Sites)
Graham Set of archaeological sites associated with Anasazi, Mogollon and Hohokam cultures
32 Poston Elementary School, Unit 1, Colorado River Relocation Center
Poston Elementary School, Unit 1, Colorado River Relocation Center
October 16, 2012
(#12001010)
Parker
33°59′31″N 114°24′24″W / 33.991943°N 114.406625°W / 33.991943; -114.406625 (Poston Elementary School, Unit 1, Colorado River Relocation Center)
La Paz Located at the former Poston War Relocation Center, this is the only surviving elementary school building from any World War II-era Japanese internment canp.
33 Pueblo Grande Ruin and Irrigation Sites
Pueblo Grande Ruin and Irrigation Sites
July 19, 1964
(#66000185)
Phoenix
33°26′47″N 111°59′03″W / 33.446389°N 111.984167°W / 33.446389; -111.984167 (Pueblo Grande Ruin and Irrigation Sites)
Maricopa Pueblo Grande Ruin and adjacent Hohokam-Pima Irrigation Sites
34 Sage Memorial Hospital School of Nursing Upload image
January 16, 2009
(#09000082)
Ganado
35°42′40″N 109°32′36″W / 35.711073°N 109.543446°W / 35.711073; -109.543446 (Sage Memorial Hospital School of Nursing)
Apache
35 San Bernardino Ranch
San Bernardino Ranch
July 19, 1964
(#66000170)
Douglas
31°20′11″N 109°16′47″W / 31.336389°N 109.279722°W / 31.336389; -109.279722 (San Bernardino Ranch)
Cochise Historic cattle ranch
36 San Cayetano de Calabazas
Ruins of the mission compound and church at Mission San Cayetano de Calabazas.
December 14, 1990
(#71000118)
Nogales
Coordinates missing
Santa Cruz Spanish mission, also known as Calabasas; part of Tumacacori National Historic Park.
37 San Xavier del Bac Mission
San Xavier del Bac Mission
October 9, 1960
(#66000191)
Tucson
32°06′25″N 111°00′29″W / 32.107°N 111.008°W / 32.107; -111.008 (San Xavier del Bac Mission)
Pima Spanish mission founded in 1699
38 Sierra Bonita Ranch
Sierra Bonita Ranch
July 19, 1964
(#66000181)
Bonita
32°35′00″N 109°58′00″W / 32.583333°N 109.966667°W / 32.583333; -109.966667 (Sierra Bonita Ranch)
Cochise and Graham First permanent American cattle ranch in Arizona
39 Snaketown
Snaketown
April 29, 1964
(#07001462)
Hohokam Pima National Monument
33°10′59″N 111°55′12″W / 33.183056°N 111.92°W / 33.183056; -111.92 (Snaketown)
Pinal Archaeological remains of the Hohokam culture
40 Taliesin West
Taliesin West
May 20, 1982
(#74000457)
Scottsdale
33°36′11″N 111°50′38″W / 33.603111°N 111.843781°W / 33.603111; -111.843781 (Taliesin West)
Maricopa Winter home of architect Frank Lloyd Wright
41 Tombstone Historic District
Allen Street
July 4, 1961
(#66000171)
Tombstone
31°42′45″N 110°03′59″W / 31.7125°N 110.066389°W / 31.7125; -110.066389 (Tombstone Historic District)
Cochise Classic Western mining boomtown; location of the OK Corral
42 Tumacacori Museum
Tumacacori Museum
May 28, 1987
(#87001437)
Tumacacori
31°33′58″N 111°03′01″W / 31.566065°N 111.050402°W / 31.566065; -111.050402 (Tumacacori Museum)
Santa Cruz Museum to Spanish missions that itself is an architectural landmark
43 Ventana Cave
Ventana Cave
January 20, 1964
(#66000189)
Santa Rosa
32°21′00″N 112°14′00″W / 32.35°N 112.233333°W / 32.35; -112.233333 (Ventana Cave)
Pima Archaeological site; has evidence of Native American occupation of the area for the last 4,000 years
44 Winona Site Upload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000177)
Winona
35°12′00″N 111°24′00″W / 35.200°N 111.400°W / 35.200; -111.400 (Winona Site)
Coconino Archaeological site; evidence of cultural change following eruption of Sunset Crater
45 Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites
Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites
November 13, 1966
(#66000197)
Yuma, AZ and Winterhaven, CA
32°43′43″N 114°36′52″W / 32.728611°N 114.614444°W / 32.728611; -114.614444 (Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites)
Yuma County, AZ and Imperial County, CA Archaeological and historical sites including Yuma Quartermaster Depot and Arizona Territorial Prison

Historic areas of the NPS in Arizona[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are fourteen of these in Arizona. The National Park Service lists these fourteen together with the NHLs in the state,[4]

Hohokam Pima National Monument, Fort Bowie National Historic Site, and Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The other 11 are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[5] Location County Description
1 Canyon de Chelly National Monument Canyon de Chelly1.jpg Chinle Apache Navajo Tribal Trust Land preserving artifacts of indigenous peoples.
2 Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Casa Grande under shelter.jpg Coolidge Pinal Ruins of Hohokam structures. A four-story structure is the "casa grande" or "big house". Sheltered since 1932 under a large pavilion built to preserve the ruins.
3 Coronado National Memorial Entrada Reenactment.jpeg Sierra Vista Cochise Commemorates the first organized expedition into the Southwest by conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado.
4 Montezuma Castle National Monument Closeup view of the Castle. Camp Verde Yavapai Well-preserved cliff dwellings built and used by the Pre-Columbian Sinagua people around 1400 AD.
5 Navajo National Monument Keet Seel closeup.jpg Window Rock Navajo Preserves three of the most intact cliff dwellings of the ancestral puebloan people (Hisatsinom).
6 Pipe Spring National Monument Winsor Castle at Pipe Spring National Monument.jpg Fredonia, Arizona
36°51′45″N 112°43′46″W / 36.8625°N 112.729444°W / 36.8625; -112.729444 (Pipe Spring National Monument)
Mohave Discovered and named in 1856 by Latter-day Saint missionaries. Mormon cattle ranching operation established in 1860's. Protective fort was built in 1872. Way station for travellers. Refuge for polygamist wives.
7 Tonto National Monument Tonto National Monument Arizona.jpg Roosevelt Gila Well-preserved cliff dwellings were occupied by the Salado culture during the 13th, 14th, and early 15th centuries.
8 Tumacacori National Historical Park Tumacacori-nhp.jpg Nogales Santa Cruz Includes 2 missions and a museum that are NHLs listed above, plus a mission that is not an NHL.
9 Tuzigoot National Monument Tuzigoot National Monument Clarkdale Yavapai Preserves a 2 to 3 story pueblo ruin
10 Walnut Canyon National Monument Walnut Canyon Cliff Dwellings Flagstaff Coconino Includes twenty-five cliff dwelling rooms constructed by the Sinagua people
11 Wupatki National Monument Wukoki Ruins.jpeg Flagstaff Coconino Settlement sites built by the Ancient Pueblo Peoples; Sinagua, Cohonina, and Kayenta Anasazi

See also[edit]

External map of all sites[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Grand Canyon Redacted". United States National Park Service. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ These are listed on p.110 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
  5. ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

External links[edit]