List of National Historic Landmarks in Hawaii

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This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in Hawaiʻi. The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] The state of Hawaiʻi is home to 33 of these landmarks, many of which relate the state's role in World War II and the archaeological remains of ancient Hawaiians, among other stories. The table below lists all 33 of these sites, along with added detail and description. They are distributed across six of the Hawaiian islands, with the greatest number (16) on Oʻahu.

Current NHLs[edit]

[2] Landmark name[3] Image Date designated[3] Locality[3][4] Island[3][4] Description[5]
1 USS Arizona (shipwreck) Aerial photograph of the sunken USS Arizona and the USS Arizona Memorial. May 5, 1989 Pearl Harbor
21°22′00″N 157°57′10″W / 21.3665398725°N 157.952798087°W / 21.3665398725; -157.952798087 (USS Arizona)
Oʻahu Sunken remains of the USS Arizona; destroyed in battle during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Now the centerpiece of the NRHP USS Arizona Memorial
2 USS Bowfin (shipwreck) Full side photograph of USS Bowfin at dock. January 14, 1986 Pearl Harbor
21°22′20″N 157°56′30″W / 21.3722880868°N 157.941675235°W / 21.3722880868; -157.941675235 (USS Bowfin)
Oʻahu US Navy Submarine which sank 16 Japanese vessels during World War II. Now a Museum Ship.
3 CINCPAC Headquarters Makalapa Support Facilities May 28, 1987 Pearl Harbor
21°21′58″N 157°56′18″W / 21.3661232442°N 157.938247528°W / 21.3661232442; -157.938247528 (CINCPAC Headquarters)
Oʻahu Headquarters of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz from 1942 through 1945
4 Cook Landing Site Captain James Cook statue, Waimea, Kauai, Hawaii.JPG December 29, 1962 Waimea
21°57′07″N 159°39′57″W / 21.951842°N 159.665842°W / 21.951842; -159.665842 (Cook Landing Site)
Kauaʻi Captain James Cook landed here at the mouth of the Waimea River on January 20, 1778; He was the first European known to have sighted the Hawaiian Islands
5 Falls of Clyde (four-masted oil tanker) Photograph of the prow of the Falls of Clyde, featuring the female figurehead beneath the bowsprit. April 11, 1989 Honolulu
21°18′21″N 157°51′54″W / 21.305774°N 157.864961°W / 21.305774; -157.864961 (Falls Of Clyde)
Oʻahu Only surviving iron-hulled, four-masted full rigged ship, and the only surviving sail-driven oil tanker in the world. She was for a time a museum ship, but was in 2013 being prepared for drydock.
6 Hickam Field Photograph of the headquarters building at Hickam Field in 2005, still showing bullet and shrapnel damage to a wall. September 16, 1985 Honolulu
21°19′57″N 157°57′13″W / 21.33250°N 157.95361°W / 21.33250; -157.95361 (Hickam Field)
Oʻahu Air Force Base which was a primary target in the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a key role throughout the World War II Pacific campaign.
7 Hokukano-Ualapue Complex December 29, 1962 Ualapue
21°03′45″N 156°49′48″W / 21.062525°N 156.829995°W / 21.062525; -156.829995 (Hokukano-Ualapue Complex)
Molokaʻi Archaeological site; includes six heiaus (religious sites) and two fishponds
8 Honokohau Settlement Honokohau Halau.jpg December 29, 1962 Kona District
19°40′42″N 156°1′26″W / 19.67833°N 156.02389°W / 19.67833; -156.02389 (Honokohau Settlement)
Hawaiʻi Site of an ancient Hawaiian settlement; includes fishponds, kahua (house site platforms), kiʻi pōhaku (petroglyphs), hōlua (stone slide) and heiau (religious site).
9 Huilua Fishpond Oahu-Huiluafishpond-wallcorner.JPG December 29, 1962 Kāneʻohe
21°33′27″N 157°52′06″W / 21.55743°N 157.868302°W / 21.55743; -157.868302 (Huilua Fishpond)
Oʻahu Last surviving fishponds out of an estimated 97 such structures that once existed on coastal Oʻahu; still operational well into the 20th century
10 ʻIolani Palace Photograph of the front of ʻIolani Palace, flanked by palm trees with the Hawaiian flag flying atop the central tower. December 29, 1962 Honolulu
21°18′23″N 157°51′35″W / 21.306299°N 157.859708°W / 21.306299; -157.859708 (Iolani Palace)
Oʻahu Only royal palace used as an official residence by a reigning monarch in the United States
11 Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement Photograph of the church established by Father Damien at the Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement, behind a low stone wall and surrounded by palm and other trees. January 7, 1976 Kalaupapa
21°11′21″N 156°58′59″W / 21.18917°N 156.98306°W / 21.18917; -156.98306 (Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement)
Molokaʻi Founded in 1866 for the isolation of Hawaiians afflicted with Leprosy. Now part of the larger Kalaupapa National Historical Park
12 Kamakahonu Kamakahonu, Kona.jpg December 29, 1962 Kailua-Kona
19°38′20″N 155°59′51″W / 19.639006°N 155.997586°W / 19.639006; -155.997586 (Kamakahonu)
Hawaiʻi Final residence of King Kamehameha I
13 Kaneohe Naval Air Station Photograph of a 1942 memorial service at Kaneohe Naval Air Station, showing sailors placing leis on graves of men killed during the Pearl Harbor Attack. May 28, 1987 Kailua
21°26′48″N 157°45′59″W / 21.44667°N 157.76639°W / 21.44667; -157.76639 (Kaneohe Naval Air Station)
Oʻahu Naval airfield attacked by the Japanese seven minutes before the attack on Pearl Harbor began in order to establish air superiority
14 Kaunolu Village Site Lanai-Kaunolu-Kamehameha-house-site.JPG December 29, 1962 South coast
20°44′5″N 156°57′52″W / 20.73472°N 156.96444°W / 20.73472; -156.96444 (Kaunolu Village Site)
Lānaʻi This former fishing village, abandoned in the 1880s, is the largest surviving ruins of a prehistoric Hawaiian village. The archaeological site is very well preserved.
15 Kawaiahaʻo Church and Mission Houses Honolulu-Kawaiahao-church-front.JPG December 29, 1962 Honolulu
21°18′17″N 157°51′32″W / 21.304616°N 157.858899°W / 21.304616; -157.858899 (Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses)
Oʻahu Formerly the national church of the Hawaiian Kingdom and chapel of the royal family
16 Keauhou Holua Slide Keauhou Holua.jpg December 29, 1962 Keauhou
19°33′44.43″N 155°57′30.5″W / 19.5623417°N 155.958472°W / 19.5623417; -155.958472 (Keauhou Holua Slide)
Hawaiʻi This is the largest and best-preserved hōlua course, used in the extremely toboggan-like activity restricted to chiefs.
17 Lahaina Historic District Photograph of a street in Lāhainā, with cars, pedestrians, and historic buildings. December 29, 1962 Lāhainā
20°52′41″N 156°40′40″W / 20.87806°N 156.67778°W / 20.87806; -156.67778 (Lahaina Historic District)
Maui Preserves the atmosphere of a mid-19th century Hawaiian seaport
18 Loaloa Heiau December 29, 1962 Kaupo
20°38′37″N 156°07′26″W / 20.6435268057°N 156.123984609°W / 20.6435268057; -156.123984609 (Loaloa Heiau)
Maui Intact examples of a large luakini heiau (state level temple) where human sacrifice was performed
19 Mauna Kea Adz Quarry Mouna Kea glaciation.jpg December 29, 1962 Along the
Mauna Kea Trail
19°48′1″N 155°28′4″W / 19.80028°N 155.46778°W / 19.80028; -155.46778 (Mauna Kea Adze Quarry)
Hawaiʻi Used by prehistoric Hawaiians to obtain basalt for stone tools; also includes religious shrines, trails, rockshelters, and petroglyphs.
20 Mookini Heiau Mo'okini.jpg December 29, 1962 Hāwī
20°15′26″N 155°52′36″W / 20.25722°N 155.87667°W / 20.25722; -155.87667 (Kohala Historical Sites State Monument)
Hawaiʻi Temple erected in 480 A.D. and dedicated to Kū, the Hawaiʻian god of war
21 Old Sugar Mill of Koloa Kauai-old-sugar-mill-Koloa-chimney.JPG December 29, 1962 Kōloa
21°54′35″N 159°28′09″W / 21.909722°N 159.469167°W / 21.909722; -159.469167 (Old Sugar Mill of Koloa)
Kauaʻi First commercially successful sugar plantation in Hawaii
22 Opana Radar Site April 19, 1994 Kawela
21°41′22″N 158°00′43″W / 21.6894518504°N 158.011965655°W / 21.6894518504; -158.011965655 (Opana Radar Site)
Oʻahu Commemorates the first operational use of radar by the United States in wartime, during the attack on Pearl Harbor
23 Palm Circle Aerial photograph of Palm Circle and Fort Shafter. May 28, 1987 Honolulu
21°20′44″N 157°53′17″W / 21.34556°N 157.88806°W / 21.34556; -157.88806 (Palm Circle)
Oʻahu This portion of Fort Shafter housed the headquarters of the commanding general and his staff, U.S. Army forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, during World War II. By 1944 this command was responsible for the supply and administration of all U.S. Army personnel in the Central and South Pacific, and from 1943 to 1945, carried out logistical planning for the invasions of the Gilberts, Marshalls, Marianas, Guam, Palau, and Okinawa.
24 Piilanihale Heiau HALS drawing of Pi'ilanihale Heiau. January 29, 1964 Hāna
20°47′54″N 156°02′14″W / 20.798358°N 156.037247°W / 20.798358; -156.037247 (Piilanihale Heiau in Kahanu Garden)
Maui Ancient temple in Polynesia; constructed from lava blocks; dates from the 16th century
25 Pu'u O Mahuka Heiau Photograph of the ruins at Puʻu o Mahuka Heiau beneath a cloudless sky with the Pacific Ocean behind. December 29, 1962 Haleʻiwa
21°38′30″N 158°3′32″W / 21.64167°N 158.05889°W / 21.64167; -158.05889 (Puu O Mahuka Heiau)
Oʻahu Ancient temple, possibly the sacrificial site of 3 men from the HMS Daedalus
26 Puukohola Heiau Pu'ukohola Heiau temple2.jpg December 29, 1962 Kawaihae
20°1′40″N 155°49′17″W / 20.02778°N 155.82139°W / 20.02778; -155.82139 (Puukohola Heiau)
Hawaiʻi Ruins of Pu'ukoholā Heiau ("Temple on the Hill of the Whale"); temple built by King Kamehameha the Great between 1790 and 1791
27 Russian Fort Photograph of ruined stone walls at the Russian Fort, almost overgrown by grasses, with a stone stairway and red earth path. December 29, 1962 Waimea
21°57′6″N 159°39′51″W / 21.95167°N 159.66417°W / 21.95167; -159.66417 (Russian Fort)
Kauaʻi Constructed in 1816 ; result of the alliance between High Chief Kaumualii and the Russian-American Company
28 South Point Complex Photograph of a wind-shaped tree at South Point, with a goat and contemporary habitations in the background. December 29, 1962 ʻālehu
18°54′57″N 155°40′35″W / 18.91583°N 155.67639°W / 18.91583; -155.67639 (South Point Complex)
Hawaiʻi Site of one of the earliest Hawaiian settlements, this is the southernmost point in the United States
29 United States Naval Base, Pearl Harbor Aerial photograph of the Pearl Harbor Naval Base showing naval shore facilities in the foreground and Ford Island in the center. January 29, 1964 Pearl Harbor
21°21′N 157°57′W / 21.350°N 157.950°W / 21.350; -157.950 (United States Naval Base, Pearl Harbor)
Oʻahu Site of the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941
30 UtahUSS Utah (shipwreck) Photograph of the USS Utah capsizing during the attack on Pearl Harbor. May 5, 1989 Pearl Harbor
21°22′14″N 157°57′55″W / 21.3704388424°N 157.965298951°W / 21.3704388424; -157.965298951 (USS Utah)
Oʻahu The remains of the USS Utah, sunk by the Japanese during the attack on Pearl Harbor
31 Wailua Complex of Heiaus Kauai-Wailua-Heiau-Holoholoku-pohakuhanau.JPG December 29, 1962 Wailuā
22°2′41″N 159°20′14″W / 22.04472°N 159.33722°W / 22.04472; -159.33722 (Wailua Complex of Heiaus)
Kauaʻi An archaeological site with four heiaus
32 Washington Place Washington Place Honolulu HI.jpg March 29, 2007 Honolulu
21°18′32″N 157°51′24″W / 21.308817°N 157.856767°W / 21.308817; -157.856767 (Washington Place)
Oʻahu Built in 1844-1847, this was the home of Queen Liliʻuokalani, the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian kingdom, from the time of her marriage in 1862 to her death in 1917. While living here, she saw the monarchy overthrown and Hawaiʻi annexed to the United States. It was subsequently used as the executive mansion by the territorial and state governors of Hawaiʻi until 2002.[6]
33 Wheeler Field Wheeler Field on December 7, 1941 May 28, 1987 Honolulu
21°28′59″N 158°2′16″W / 21.48306°N 158.03778°W / 21.48306; -158.03778 (Wheeler Field)
Oʻahu Another primary target during the attack on Pearl Harbor, the damage caused here allowed the Japanese to maintain air superiority during the attack.

Historical National Park Service Areas in Hawaii[edit]

In addition, or perhaps overlapping, are five U.S. National Park Service areas of historic orientation in Hawaii.[7] Of these, the USS Arizona Memorial, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Kalaupapa National Historical Park, and Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site are also National Historic Landmarks and are listed above. The other one, which is also a landmark of national historic importance, is Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park. It was established in 1955, before the National Historic Landmarks program started.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colors, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  4. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  5. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates.
  6. ^ "Interior Secretary Kempthorne Designates 12 National Historic Landmarks in 10 States" (Press release). U.S. Department of the Interior. 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  7. ^ National Park Service (April 2007), National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State (Appendix C, page 112) (PDF), archived from the original on 2007-06-09, retrieved 2007-05-20 .

External links[edit]