List of National Historic Landmarks in Hawaii

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This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in Hawaiʻi. The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] The state of Hawaiʻi is home to 33 of these landmarks, many of which relate the state's role in World War II and the archaeological remains of ancient Hawaiians, among other stories. The table below lists all 33 of these sites, along with added detail and description. They are distributed across six of the Hawaiian islands, with the greatest number (16) on Oʻahu.

Current NHLs[edit]

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location Island Description
1 USS Arizona (shipwreck)
Aerial photograph of the sunken USS Arizona and the USS Arizona Memorial.
May 5, 1989
(#66000994)
Pearl Harbor
21°22′00″N 157°57′10″W / 21.3665398725°N 157.952798087°W / 21.3665398725; -157.952798087 (USS Arizona (shipwreck))
Oʻahu Sunken remains of the USS Arizona; destroyed in battle during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Now the centerpiece of the NRHP USS Arizona Memorial
2 USS Bowfin (shipwreck)
Full side photograph of USS Bowfin at dock.
January 14, 1986
(#82000149)
Pearl Harbor
21°22′20″N 157°56′30″W / 21.3722880868°N 157.941675235°W / 21.3722880868; -157.941675235 (USS Bowfin (shipwreck))
Oʻahu US Navy Submarine which sank 16 Japanese vessels during World War II. Now a Museum Ship.
3 CINCPAC Headquarters
Makalapa Support Facilities
May 28, 1987
(#87001295)
Pearl Harbor
21°21′58″N 157°56′18″W / 21.3661232442°N 157.938247528°W / 21.3661232442; -157.938247528 (CINCPAC Headquarters)
Oʻahu Headquarters of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz from 1942 through 1945
4 Cook Landing Site
Cook Landing Site
December 29, 1962
(#66000298)
Waimea
21°57′07″N 159°39′57″W / 21.951842°N 159.665842°W / 21.951842; -159.665842 (Cook Landing Site)
Kauaʻi Captain James Cook landed here at the mouth of the Waimea River on January 20, 1778; He was the first European known to have sighted the Hawaiian Islands
5 Falls of Clyde (four-masted oil tanker)
Photograph of the prow of the Falls of Clyde, featuring the female figurehead beneath the bowsprit.
April 11, 1989
(#73000659)
Honolulu
21°18′21″N 157°51′54″W / 21.305774°N 157.864961°W / 21.305774; -157.864961 (Falls of Clyde (four-masted oil tanker))
Oʻahu Only surviving iron-hulled, four-masted full rigged ship, and the only surviving sail-driven oil tanker in the world. She was for a time a museum ship, but was in 2013 being prepared for drydock.
6 Hickam Field
Photograph of the headquarters building at Hickam Field in 2005, still showing bullet and shrapnel damage to a wall.
September 16, 1985
(#85002725)
Honolulu
21°19′57″N 157°57′13″W / 21.3325°N 157.9536111111111°W / 21.3325; -157.9536111111111 (Hickam Field)
Oʻahu Air Force Base which was a primary target in the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a key role throughout the World War II Pacific campaign.
7 Hokukano-Ualapue Complex Upload image
December 29, 1962
(#66000304)
Ualapue
21°03′45″N 156°49′48″W / 21.062525°N 156.829995°W / 21.062525; -156.829995 (Hokukano-Ualapue Complex)
Molokaʻi Archaeological site; includes six heiaus (religious sites) and two fishponds
8 Honokohau Settlement
Honokohau Settlement
December 29, 1962
(#66000287)
Kona District
19°40′42″N 156°01′26″W / 19.678333333333335°N 156.0238888888889°W / 19.678333333333335; -156.0238888888889 (Honokohau Settlement)
Hawaiʻi Site of an ancient Hawaiian settlement; includes fishponds, kahua (house site platforms), kiʻi pōhaku (petroglyphs), hōlua (stone slide) and heiau (religious site).
9 Huilua Fishpond
Huilua Fishpond
December 29, 1962
(#66000295)
Kāneʻohe
21°33′27″N 157°52′06″W / 21.55743°N 157.868302°W / 21.55743; -157.868302 (Huilua Fishpond)
Oʻahu Last surviving fishponds out of an estimated 97 such structures that once existed on coastal Oʻahu; still operational well into the 20th century
10 ʻIolani Palace
Photograph of the front of ʻIolani Palace, flanked by palm trees with the Hawaiian flag flying atop the central tower.
December 29, 1962
(#66000293)
Honolulu
21°18′23″N 157°51′35″W / 21.306299°N 157.859708°W / 21.306299; -157.859708 (ʻIolani Palace)
Oʻahu Only royal palace used as an official residence by a reigning monarch in the United States
11 Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement
Photograph of the church established by Father Damien at the Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement, behind a low stone wall and surrounded by palm and other trees.
January 7, 1976
(#76002145)
Kalaupapa
21°11′21″N 156°58′59″W / 21.189166666666665°N 156.98305555555555°W / 21.189166666666665; -156.98305555555555 (Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement)
Molokaʻi Founded in 1866 for the isolation of Hawaiians afflicted with Leprosy. Now part of the larger Kalaupapa National Historical Park
12 Kamakahonu
Kamakahonu
December 29, 1962
(#66000288)
Kailua-Kona
19°38′20″N 155°59′51″W / 19.639006°N 155.997586°W / 19.639006; -155.997586 (Kamakahonu)
Hawaiʻi Final residence of King Kamehameha I
13 Kaneohe Naval Air Station
Photograph of a 1942 memorial service at Kaneohe Naval Air Station, showing sailors placing leis on graves of men killed during the Pearl Harbor Attack.
May 28, 1987
(#87001299)
Kailua
21°26′48″N 157°45′59″W / 21.446666666666665°N 157.76638888888888°W / 21.446666666666665; -157.76638888888888 (Kaneohe Naval Air Station)
Oʻahu Naval airfield attacked by the Japanese seven minutes before the attack on Pearl Harbor began in order to establish air superiority
14 Kaunolu Village Site
Kaunolu Village Site
December 29, 1962
(#66000303)
South coast
20°44′05″N 156°57′52″W / 20.734722222222224°N 156.96444444444444°W / 20.734722222222224; -156.96444444444444 (Kaunolu Village Site)
Lānaʻi This former fishing village, abandoned in the 1880s, is the largest surviving ruins of a prehistoric Hawaiian village. The archaeological site is very well preserved.
15 Kawaiahaʻo Church and Mission Houses
Kawaiahaʻo Church and Mission Houses
December 29, 1962
(#66000294)
Honolulu
21°18′17″N 157°51′32″W / 21.304616°N 157.858899°W / 21.304616; -157.858899 (Kawaiahaʻo Church and Mission Houses)
Oʻahu Formerly the national church of the Hawaiian Kingdom and chapel of the royal family
16 Keauhou Holua Slide
Keauhou Holua Slide
December 29, 1962
(#66000290)
Keauhou
19°33′44″N 155°57′31″W / 19.56234166666667°N 155.9584722222222°W / 19.56234166666667; -155.9584722222222 (Keauhou Holua Slide)
Hawaiʻi This is the largest and best-preserved hōlua course, used in the extremely toboggan-like activity restricted to chiefs.
17 Lahaina Historic District
Photograph of a street in Lāhainā, with cars, pedestrians, and historic buildings.
December 29, 1962
(#66000302)
Lāhainā
20°52′41″N 156°40′40″W / 20.878055555555555°N 156.67777777777778°W / 20.878055555555555; -156.67777777777778 (Lahaina Historic District)
Maui Preserves the atmosphere of a mid-19th century Hawaiian seaport
18 Loaloa Heiau Upload image
December 29, 1962
(#66000301)
Kaupo
20°38′37″N 156°07′26″W / 20.6435268057°N 156.123984609°W / 20.6435268057; -156.123984609 (Loaloa Heiau)
Maui Intact examples of a large luakini heiau (state level temple) where human sacrifice was performed
19 Mauna Kea Adz Quarry
Mauna Kea Adz Quarry
December 29, 1962
(#66000285)
Along the
19°48′01″N 155°28′04″W / 19.80027777777778°N 155.46777777777777°W / 19.80027777777778; -155.46777777777777 (Mauna Kea Adz Quarry)
Hawaiʻi Used by prehistoric Hawaiians to obtain basalt for stone tools; also includes religious shrines, trails, rockshelters, and petroglyphs.
20 Mookini Heiau
Mookini Heiau
December 29, 1962
(#66000284)
Hāwī
20°15′26″N 155°52′36″W / 20.25722222222222°N 155.87666666666667°W / 20.25722222222222; -155.87666666666667 (Mookini Heiau)
Hawaiʻi Temple erected in 480 A.D. and dedicated to Kū, the Hawaiʻian god of war
21 Old Sugar Mill of Koloa
Old Sugar Mill of Koloa
December 29, 1962
(#66000296)
Kōloa
21°54′35″N 159°28′09″W / 21.909722°N 159.469167°W / 21.909722; -159.469167 (Old Sugar Mill of Koloa)
Kauaʻi First commercially successful sugar plantation in Hawaii
22 Opana Radar Site Upload image
April 19, 1994
(#91001379)
Kawela
21°41′22″N 158°00′43″W / 21.6894518504°N 158.011965655°W / 21.6894518504; -158.011965655 (Opana Radar Site)
Oʻahu Commemorates the first operational use of radar by the United States in wartime, during the attack on Pearl Harbor
23 Palm Circle
Aerial photograph of Palm Circle and Fort Shafter.
May 28, 1987
(#84000104)
Honolulu
21°20′44″N 157°53′17″W / 21.345555555555553°N 157.88805555555555°W / 21.345555555555553; -157.88805555555555 (Palm Circle)
Oʻahu This portion of Fort Shafter housed the headquarters of the commanding general and his staff, U.S. Army forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, during World War II. By 1944 this command was responsible for the supply and administration of all U.S. Army personnel in the Central and South Pacific, and from 1943 to 1945, carried out logistical planning for the invasions of the Gilberts, Marshalls, Marianas, Guam, Palau, and Okinawa.
24 Piilanihale Heiau
HALS drawing of Pi'ilanihale Heiau.
January 29, 1964
(#66000300)
Hāna
20°47′54″N 156°02′14″W / 20.798358°N 156.037247°W / 20.798358; -156.037247 (Piilanihale Heiau)
Maui Ancient temple in Polynesia; constructed from lava blocks; dates from the 16th century
25 Pu'u O Mahuka Heiau
Photograph of the ruins at Puʻu o Mahuka Heiau beneath a cloudless sky with the Pacific Ocean behind.
December 29, 1962
(#66000292)
Haleʻiwa
21°38′30″N 158°03′32″W / 21.641666666666666°N 158.0588888888889°W / 21.641666666666666; -158.0588888888889 (Pu'u O Mahuka Heiau)
Oʻahu Ancient temple, possibly the sacrificial site of 3 men from the HMS Daedalus
26 Puukohola Heiau
Puukohola Heiau
December 29, 1962
(#66000105)
Kawaihae
20°01′40″N 155°49′17″W / 20.02777777777778°N 155.8213888888889°W / 20.02777777777778; -155.8213888888889 (Puukohola Heiau)
Hawaiʻi Ruins of Pu'ukoholā Heiau ("Temple on the Hill of the Whale"); temple built by King Kamehameha the Great between 1790 and 1791
27 Russian Fort
Photograph of ruined stone walls at the Russian Fort, almost overgrown by grasses, with a stone stairway and red earth path.
December 29, 1962
(#66000299)
Waimea
21°57′06″N 159°39′51″W / 21.951666666666664°N 159.66416666666666°W / 21.951666666666664; -159.66416666666666 (Russian Fort)
Kauaʻi Constructed in 1816 ; result of the alliance between High Chief Kaumualii and the Russian-American Company
28 South Point Complex
Photograph of a wind-shaped tree at South Point, with a goat and contemporary habitations in the background.
December 29, 1962
(#66000291)
ʻālehu
18°54′57″N 155°40′35″W / 18.91583333333333°N 155.67638888888888°W / 18.91583333333333; -155.67638888888888 (South Point Complex)
Hawaiʻi Site of one of the earliest Hawaiian settlements, this is the southernmost point in the United States
29 United States Naval Base, Pearl Harbor
Aerial photograph of the Pearl Harbor Naval Base showing naval shore facilities in the foreground and Ford Island in the center.
January 29, 1964
(#66000940)
Pearl Harbor
21°21′N 157°57′W / 21.35°N 157.95°W / 21.35; -157.95 (United States Naval Base, Pearl Harbor)
Oʻahu Site of the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941
30 USS Utah (shipwreck)
Photograph of the USS Utah capsizing during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
May 5, 1989
(#89001084)
Pearl Harbor
21°22′14″N 157°57′55″W / 21.3704388424°N 157.965298951°W / 21.3704388424; -157.965298951 (USS Utah (shipwreck))
Oʻahu The remains of the USS Utah, sunk by the Japanese during the attack on Pearl Harbor
31 Wailua Complex of Heiaus
Wailua Complex of Heiaus
December 29, 1962
(#66000297)
Wailuā
22°02′41″N 159°20′14″W / 22.044722222222223°N 159.33722222222224°W / 22.044722222222223; -159.33722222222224 (Wailua Complex of Heiaus)
Kauaʻi An archaeological site with four heiaus
32 Washington Place
100 px
March 29, 2007
(#73000666)
Honolulu
21°18′32″N 157°51′24″W / 21.308817°N 157.856767°W / 21.308817; -157.856767 (Washington Place)
Oʻahu Built in 1844-1847, this was the home of Queen Liliʻuokalani, the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian kingdom, from the time of her marriage in 1862 to her death in 1917. While living here, she saw the monarchy overthrown and Hawaiʻi annexed to the United States. It was subsequently used as the executive mansion by the territorial and state governors of Hawaiʻi until 2002.[4]
33 Wheeler Field
Wheeler Field on December 7, 1941
May 28, 1987
(#87001297)
Honolulu
Oʻahu Another primary target during the attack on Pearl Harbor, the damage caused here allowed the Japanese to maintain air superiority during the attack.

Historical National Park Service Areas in Hawaii[edit]

In addition, or perhaps overlapping, are five U.S. National Park Service areas of historic orientation in Hawaii.[5] Of these, the USS Arizona Memorial, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Kalaupapa National Historical Park, and Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site are also National Historic Landmarks and are listed above. The other one, which is also a landmark of national historic importance, is Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park. It was established in 1955, before the National Historic Landmarks program started.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ "Interior Secretary Kempthorne Designates 12 National Historic Landmarks in 10 States" (Press release). U.S. Department of the Interior. 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  5. ^ National Park Service (April 2007), National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State (Appendix C, page 112) (PDF), archived from the original on 2007-06-09, retrieved 2007-05-20 .

External links[edit]