List of National Historic Landmarks in Kansas

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This is a list of all National Historic Landmarks designated by the U.S. government in Kansas. There are 25 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Kansas.

The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1]

The state of Kansas is home to 25 of these landmarks, illustrating the state's military and frontier heritage, as well as its contributions to the broader themes of the Civil Rights Movement, the Progressive Movement, and others.

National Historic Landmarks[edit]

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location County Description
1 Black Jack Battlefield
Black Jack Battlefield
October 16, 2012
(#04000365)
Baldwin City
38°45′42″N 95°07′50″W / 38.761667°N 95.130556°W / 38.761667; -95.130556 (Black Jack Battlefield)
Douglas The three-hour Battle of Black Jack, fought on June 2, 1856, marked a culmination of escalating violence in “Bleeding Kansas” and the beginning of John Brown’s war on slavery, which would culminate in his raid on Harpers Ferry three years later.[4]
2 Council Grove Historic District
Photograph of the Council Oak in Council Grove in 1912
May 23, 1963
(#66000347)
Council Grove
38°39′38″N 96°29′23″W / 38.660678°N 96.489672°W / 38.660678; -96.489672 (Council Grove Historic District)
Morris Here, in 1825, the United States and the Osage Nation negotiated a treaty that guaranteed safe passage through Osage territory to caravans on the Santa Fe Trail. Providing water, feed, and timber, it later became a natural stopping place on the trail.
3 El Cuartelejo
El Cuartelejo
July 19, 1964
(#66000351)
Scott City
38°40′41″N 100°54′51″W / 38.67813°N 100.91407°W / 38.67813; -100.91407 (El Cuartelejo)
Scott This archeological district consists of more than 20 sites, mostly associated with the Dismal River/Plains Apache culture, dating from c CE 1650 to 1750. The principal site is a pueblo ruin thought to have been built by Taos Indians who sought refuge with the Apache during times of trouble with the Spanish. It is the northeasternmost example of a pueblo in the country. The site also illustrates Spanish explorations in the Great Plains that predates those of the United States.
4 Fort Larned
Quartmaster Building at Fort Larned
December 19, 1960
(#66000107)
Larned
38°10′25″N 99°11′56″W / 38.17361111111111°N 99.19888888888889°W / 38.17361111111111; -99.19888888888889 (Fort Larned)
Pawnee From 1860 until 1878, this was the most important fort guarding the northern portion of the Santa Fe Trail. Abandoned, the fort became private property and the center of a large ranching operation. It has been restored to the 1860s period to serve as one of the nation's best-preserved mid-19th century western military posts, consisting of one-story stone buildings are arranged around a quadrangle.
5 Fort Leavenworth
Autumn photograph of Grant Hall at Fort Leavenworth, with its clocktower rising above its porticoed main entrance.
December 19, 1960
(#66000346)
Leavenworth
39°21′18″N 94°55′16″W / 39.355000000000004°N 94.92111111111112°W / 39.355000000000004; -94.92111111111112 (Fort Leavenworth)
Leavenworth This fort has been in continuous occupation by the United States Army since it was first established in 1827 to protect caravans on the Santa Fe Trail. It played a pivotal roles in the Mexican and Civil Wars, and it became the temporary capital of the Kansas Territory in 1854.
6 Fort Scott
Photograph of the parade ground and surrounding, two-story, white, Army buildings in the early spring.
July 19, 1964
(#66000106)
Fort Scott
37°50′31″N 94°42′17″W / 37.8419633225°N 94.7047653434°W / 37.8419633225; -94.7047653434 (Fort Scott)
Bourbon This fort, established in 1842 and abandoned in 1853, served first as a frontier outpost along the "Permanent Indian Frontier", then as a Civil War garrison. During the Civil War, the fort was a major focal point of black troop activity and training.
7 Haskell Institute
Haskell Institute
July 4, 1961
(#66000342)
Lawrence
38°56′23″N 95°13′58″W / 38.939722°N 95.232778°W / 38.939722; -95.232778 (Haskell Institute)
Douglas
8 Hollenberg (Cottonwood) Pony Express Station
HABS photo
November 5, 1961
(#66000352)
Hanover
39°53′56″N 96°50′37″W / 39.8989718876°N 96.8435817529°W / 39.8989718876; -96.8435817529 (Hollenberg (Cottonwood) Pony Express Station)
Washington Built by Gerat H. Hollenberg in 1858, this cabin was associated with the Oregon and California Trails, the Pony Express, and the Butterfield Overland Mail. Hollenberg traded with emigrants on the trails, operated the westernmost Pony Express station in Kansas, and provided relay services for the Overland Mail. The building has never been moved and retains its original dimensions.
9 Lecompton Constitution Hall
100 px
May 30, 1974
(#71000312)
Lecompton
39°02′37″N 95°23′40″W / 39.0436775381°N 95.3944537582°W / 39.0436775381; -95.3944537582 (Lecompton Constitution Hall)
Douglas
10 Lower Cimarron Spring
Lower Cimarron Spring
December 19, 1960
(#66000344)
Ulysses
37°23′54″N 101°22′15″W / 37.3983562°N 101.3707193°W / 37.3983562; -101.3707193 (Lower Cimarron Spring)
Grant
11 Marais des Cygnes Massacre Site
Marais des Cygnes Massacre Site
May 30, 1974
(#71000317)
Pleasanton
38°16′53″N 94°37′16″W / 38.28138888888889°N 94.6211111111111°W / 38.28138888888889; -94.6211111111111 (Marais des Cygnes Massacre Site)
Linn
12 Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site
Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site
August 4, 1969
(#69000059)
Medicine Lodge
37°17′41″N 98°33′42″W / 37.294722°N 98.561667°W / 37.294722; -98.561667 (Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site)
Barber
13 Carrie A. Nation House Upload image
May 11, 1976
(#71000303)
Medicine Lodge
37°16′33″N 98°34′54″W / 37.275944°N 98.581662°W / 37.275944; -98.581662 (Carrie A. Nation House)
Barber
14 Nicodemus Historic District
Photograph of the Township Hall in Nicodemus Historic District on a sunny early spring day, with a national park visitor center sign in front.
January 7, 1976
(#76000820)
Nicodemus
39°23′40″N 99°37′01″W / 39.3944520°N 99.6170555°W / 39.3944520; -99.6170555 (Nicodemus Historic District)
Graham Established by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period following the Civil War, the town of Nicodemus symbolizes the pioneer spirit of people formerly enslaved. Established on homestead land, the town of Nicodemus was officially founded on September 17, 1877. It is the only remaining town of the "Exoduster" movement, which was organized mainly through the efforts of Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, who was responsible for founding 11 colonies in Kansas between 1873 and 1880.
15 Norman No. 1 Oil Well
Norman No. 1 Oil Well
December 22, 1977
(#74000846)
Neodesha
37°24′53″N 95°40′23″W / 37.414722°N 95.673056°W / 37.414722; -95.673056 (Norman No. 1 Oil Well)
Wilson
16 Parker Carousel
Lander Park Carousel in 1985
February 27, 1987
(#87000813)
Abilene
38°54′34″N 97°12′31″W / 38.9095081378°N 97.2086375951°W / 38.9095081378; -97.2086375951 (Parker Carousel)
Dickinson One of three surviving carousels of the Abilene-based Charles W. Parker Carousel Company
17 Santa Fe Trail Remains
Santa Fe Trail Remains
May 23, 1963
(#66000343)
Dodge City
37°47′31″N 100°11′49″W / 37.791944°N 100.196944°W / 37.791944; -100.196944 (Santa Fe Trail Remains)
Ford Two mile section of old Santa Fe Trail ruts
18 Shawnee Mission
1940 HABS photo
May 23, 1968
(#66000345)
Fairway
39°01′59″N 94°37′27″W / 39.033134°N 94.62411°W / 39.033134; -94.62411 (Shawnee Mission)
Johnson
19 Spring Hill Ranch
Spring Hill Ranch
February 18, 1997
(#71000305)
Strong City
38°25′58″N 96°33′32″W / 38.43277777777777°N 96.55888888888889°W / 38.43277777777777; -96.55888888888889 (Spring Hill Ranch)
Chase Ranch now in the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve
20 Sumner Elementary School/ Monroe Elementary School
100 px
May 4, 1987
(#87001283)
Topeka
39°03′30″N 95°40′59″W / 39.058422°N 95.683156°W / 39.058422; -95.683156 (Sumner Elementary School)
Shawnee School involved with the Supreme Court Case Brown v. Board of Education
21 Tobias-Thompson Complex Upload image
July 4, 1964
(#66000349)
Geneseo
Rice Archaeological site
22 Warkentin Farm
Warkentin Farm
December 14, 1990
(#70000250)
Halstead
Harvey Homestead
23 Western Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers
Western Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers
June 17, 2011
(#99000456)
Leavenworth
Leavenworth
24 William Allen White House
William Allen White House
May 11, 1976
(#71000318)
Emporia
38°24′32″N 96°10′30″W / 38.409017°N 96.175044°W / 38.409017; -96.175044 (William Allen White House)
Lyon Home of influential Progressive journalist William Allen White from 1899 until his death in 1944
25 Whiteford (Price) Site
Whiteford (Price) Site
July 19, 1964
(#66000350)
Salina
Saline An archaeological site of human occupation during 1000-1300 AD.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ http://www.doi.gov/news/pressreleases/Interior-Designates-27-New-National-Landmarks.cfm

External links[edit]