List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
This is a complete list of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana,.
The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.
The state of Louisiana is home to 54 of these landmarks, spanning a range of history from early to modern times. The most recently designated is The St. Charles Line, designated in August, 2014. Another NHL was once located in Louisiana, but was delisted after being destroyed. The sternwheel steamboat Delta Queen has been relocated to Chattanooga and is now listed as an NHL of Tennessee.
|National Historic Landmark|
|National Historic Landmark District|
National Historic Landmarks
|||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Location||Parish||Description|
||St. Martin||Acadian house.|
||Orleans||Building located on Jackson Square.|
|3||George Washington Cable House||
||Orleans||Garden District cottage home of author George Washington Cable.|
|4||Kate Chopin House||
||Natchitoches||Home of Kate Chopin, author of The Awakening, source for her writings on bayou life. It was destroyed by fire in 2008.|
|5||The Courthouse and Lawyers' Row||
||East Feliciana||Built in the mid-nineteenth century, this courthouse and five nearby law office buildings are examples of Greek Revival architecture.|
|6||DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)||
||Orleans||The DELUGE, a fireboat that served the Port of New Orleans, is an example of large fireboats found in major ports during the 1920s.|
|7||James H. Dillard Home||
||Orleans||This was the home of James Hardy Dillard, an educator at Tulane University and director of the Slater Fund and Jeanes Foundation. Born in 1856, Dillard spent most of his life improving the education of blacks in the United States.|
||St. John the Baptist||Composed of 39 buildings, including a main house and slave quarters, Evergreen Plantation is an example of major plantations found in the Antebellum period of the United States.|
|9||Fort De La Boulaye||
||Plaquemines||Fort De La Boulaye Site marks the location of a French fort built in 1700 after France took control of the mouth of the Mississippi River.|
||Plaquemines||Fort Jackson was constructed between 1822 and 1832. In April 1862, the fort was the site of the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the decisive battle for control of New Orleans during the American Civil War.|
||Sabine||Fort Jesup was built in 1822 to help protect the western border between American and Spanish territories. Under the command of future U.S. President Zachary Taylor, soldiers at the fort monitored Texas as it passed from Spanish and Mexican control until the Mexican–American War in 1846.|
|12||Fort St. Philip||
||Orleans||Designed by James Gallier, Sr.|
||Orleans||Beautifully restored home designed by James Gallier, Jr.|
|16||Mayor Girod House||
||Orleans||Home of Mayor Girod.|
|18||Homeplace Plantation House||
|20||USS KIDD (Destroyer)||
||East Baton Rouge|
|21||Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop||
|22||Longue Vue House and Gardens||
||Natchitoches||Los Adaes was the capitol of Tejas on the northeastern frontier of New Spain from 1729 to 1770. It included a mission, San Miguel de los Adaes and a presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes (Our Lady of Pilar of the Adaes).|
|24||Louisiana State Bank Building||
|25||Louisiana State Capitol||
||East Baton Rouge|
|26||Madame John's Legacy||
||Orleans||Building which got its name from a story by George Washington Cable.|
|27||Madewood Plantation House||
|29||Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site||
||Avoyelles||Archeological type site for Marksville culture.|
|30||Natchitoches Historic District||
||Natchitoches||Nachtitoches was the first permanent settlement founded by the French in Louisiana.|
|31||New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building||
|32||Oak Alley Plantation||
|34||Old Louisiana State Capitol||
||East Baton Rouge||Innovatively designed by architect James H. Dakin, it is "Castellated Gothic".|
|35||Parlange Plantation House||
||East Feliciana||American Civil War battleground, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River.|
||Orleans||Building located on Jackson Square.|
|41||Saint Alphonsus Church||
|42||The St. Charles Line||
||Orleans||Most extensive streetcar line in the country; oldest continously-operated light-rail line in the world|
|43||St. Mary's Assumption Church||
|44||St. Patrick's Church||
|45||San Francisco Plantation House||
||St. John the Baptist|
|47||Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium||
|48||Shreveport Waterworks Pumping Station||
||Caddo||An engineering landmark.|
|49||United States Customhouse||
|50||United States Mint, New Orleans Branch||
||Orleans||An Ursuline convent|
|52||Vieux Carre Historic District||
||Orleans||The French Quarter.|
|53||Edward Douglass White House||
||Lafourche||Home of Edward Douglass White, his home has been rumored to be haunted. They say who ever goes inside at exactly 11:00pm on December 8, comes out with almost no memory.|
||Natchitoches||Black businesswoman Marie Thérèse Coincoin created this plantation, includes perhaps the first black for black designed buildings in the United States.|
Former National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
|Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Date withdrawn||Locality||Parish||Description|
|1||DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat)||June 29, 1989||relocated in 2009||New Orleans
||Orleans||River steamboat. She is now berthed at Chattanooga, Tennessee.|
|2||U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28)||June 29, 1990||August 7, 2001||New Orleans||Orleans||Commissioned in 1943, The USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier in the United States Navy. From 1967-1989, she served in Spain as the Dédalo. A New Orleans-based museum foundation purchased the ship for restoration in 1990, but was unable to obtain sufficient funding. The Cabot was eventually scrapped and withdrawn as a Landmark on August 7, 2001.|
National Park Service Areas in Louisiana
National Historic Sites and other National Park Service areas in Louisiana are:
- Cane River Creole National Historical Park
- Chalmette National Cemetery
- El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail
- Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
- New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park
- Poverty Point National Monument
- Vicksburg National Military Park (also in Mississippi)
Poverty Point National Monument is listed as a National Park Service area although title for the site has not been transferred from Louisiana to the federal government. Otherwise, excepting the El Camino Real de los Tejas trail, these are federally-owned sites and enjoy higher protection than most National Historic Landmarks.
- List of National Historic Landmarks by state
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Louisiana
- Historic preservation
- National Register of Historic Places
- History of Louisiana
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
- "Acadian House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Cabildo (The)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Cable, George Washington, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Chopin, Kate, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Courthouse (The) and Lawyers' Row". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "Dillard, James H., Home". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "James Hardy Dillard". The Journal of Negro History (Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.) 25 (4): 585–586. Oct 1940. JSTOR 2715156.
- "Evergreen Plantation". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "Evergreen Plantation". National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "Fort De La Boulaye". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jackson". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jesup". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jesup". Cane River National Heritage Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04..
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved on various dates.
- "U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana.|
- "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State—Louisiana (53)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
- National Historic Landmarks Program, at National Park Service
- National Park Service listings of National Historic Landmarks