List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana

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This is a complete list of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana,.

The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1]

The state of Louisiana is home to 54 of these landmarks, spanning a range of history from early to modern times. The most recently designated is The St. Charles Line, designated in August, 2014. Another NHL was once located in Louisiana, but was delisted after being destroyed. The sternwheel steamboat Delta Queen has been relocated to Chattanooga and is now listed as an NHL of Tennessee.

Key[edit]

National Historic Landmark
dagger National Historic Landmark District

National Historic Landmarks[edit]

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location Parish Description
1 Acadian House
Acadian House
May 30, 1974
(#73002133)
St. Martinville
30°08′11″N 91°49′30″W / 30.136423°N 91.824997°W / 30.136423; -91.824997 (Acadian House)
St. Martin Acadian house.[4]
2 The Cabildo
The Cabildo in New Orleans
October 9, 1960
(#66000373)
New Orleans
29°57′27″N 90°03′50″W / 29.957449°N 90.063828°W / 29.957449; -90.063828 (The Cabildo)
Orleans Building located on Jackson Square.[5]
3 George Washington Cable House
George Washington Cable House
December 29, 1962
(#66000374)
New Orleans
29°55′35″N 90°05′13″W / 29.926405°N 90.086825°W / 29.926405; -90.086825 (George Washington Cable House)
Orleans Garden District cottage home of author George Washington Cable.[6]
4 Kate Chopin House
Kate Chopin House
April 19, 1993
(#93001601)
Cloutierville
31°32′20″N 92°55′02″W / 31.538890°N 92.917092°W / 31.538890; -92.917092 (Kate Chopin House)
Natchitoches Home of Kate Chopin, author of The Awakening, source for her writings on bayou life.[7] It was destroyed by fire in 2008.
5National Historic Landmark District The Courthouse and Lawyers' Row
1936 HABS photo
May 30, 1974
(#74002249)
Clinton
30°52′00″N 91°04′07″W / 30.866666666666667°N 91.06861111111111°W / 30.866666666666667; -91.06861111111111 (The Courthouse and Lawyers' Row)
East Feliciana Built in the mid-nineteenth century, this courthouse and five nearby law office buildings are examples of Greek Revival architecture.[8]
6 DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)
DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)
June 30, 1989
(#89001427)
New Orleans
29°57′15″N 90°03′18″W / 29.954109°N 90.054868°W / 29.954109; -90.054868 (DELUGE (Firefighting Tug))
Orleans The DELUGE, a fireboat that served the Port of New Orleans, is an example of large fireboats found in major ports during the 1920s.[9]
7 James H. Dillard Home
James H. Dillard Home
December 2, 1974
(#74000929)
New Orleans
29°56′10″N 90°07′36″W / 29.936071°N 90.126598°W / 29.936071; -90.126598 (James H. Dillard Home)
Orleans This was the home of James Hardy Dillard, an educator at Tulane University and director of the Slater Fund and Jeanes Foundation. Born in 1856, Dillard spent most of his life improving the education of blacks in the United States.[10][11]
8 Evergreen Plantation
Evergreen Plantation
April 27, 1992
(#91001386)
Wallace
30°01′38″N 90°38′26″W / 30.02722222222222°N 90.64055555555557°W / 30.02722222222222; -90.64055555555557 (Evergreen Plantation)
St. John the Baptist Composed of 39 buildings, including a main house and slave quarters, Evergreen Plantation is an example of major plantations found in the Antebellum period of the United States.[12][13]
9 Fort De La Boulaye Upload image
October 9, 1960
(#66000378)
Phoenix
29°38′57″N 89°56′40″W / 29.649166666666666°N 89.94444444444444°W / 29.649166666666666; -89.94444444444444 (Fort De La Boulaye)
Plaquemines Fort De La Boulaye Site marks the location of a French fort built in 1700 after France took control of the mouth of the Mississippi River.[14]
10 Fort Jackson
Fort Jackson, Drawn in 1817
December 19, 1960
(#66000379)
Triumph
29°21′28″N 89°27′18″W / 29.35777777777778°N 89.455°W / 29.35777777777778; -89.455 (Fort Jackson)
Plaquemines Fort Jackson was constructed between 1822 and 1832. In April 1862, the fort was the site of the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the decisive battle for control of New Orleans during the American Civil War.[15]
11 Fort Jesup
Fort Jesup
July 4, 1961
(#66000381)
Many
31°36′41″N 93°24′03″W / 31.61138888888889°N 93.40083333333334°W / 31.61138888888889; -93.40083333333334 (Fort Jesup)
Sabine Fort Jesup was built in 1822 to help protect the western border between American and Spanish territories. Under the command of future U.S. President Zachary Taylor, soldiers at the fort monitored Texas as it passed from Spanish and Mexican control until the Mexican–American War in 1846.[16][17]
12 Fort St. Philip
Fort St. Philip
December 19, 1960
(#66000380)
Triumph
29°21′50″N 89°27′46″W / 29.36388888888889°N 89.46277777777777°W / 29.36388888888889; -89.46277777777777 (Fort St. Philip)
Plaquemines
13 Gallier Hall
Gallier Hall
May 30, 1974
(#74002250)
New Orleans
29°56′56″N 90°04′15″W / 29.948854°N 90.070820°W / 29.948854; -90.070820 (Gallier Hall)
Orleans Designed by James Gallier, Sr.
14 Gallier House
Gallier House
May 30, 1974
(#74000932)
New Orleans
29°57′41″N 90°03′42″W / 29.961457°N 90.061583°W / 29.961457; -90.061583 (Gallier House)
Orleans Beautifully restored home designed by James Gallier, Jr.
15National Historic Landmark District Garden District
Garden District
May 30, 1974
(#71000358)
New Orleans
29°55′40″N 90°05′05″W / 29.92777777777778°N 90.08472222222221°W / 29.92777777777778; -90.08472222222221 (Garden District)
Orleans
16 Mayor Girod House
Mayor Girod House
April 15, 1970
(#70000254)
New Orleans
29°57′21″N 90°03′55″W / 29.955886°N 90.065179°W / 29.955886; -90.065179 (Mayor Girod House)
Orleans Home of Mayor Girod.
17 Hermann-Grima House
Hermann-Grima House
May 30, 1974
(#71000359)
New Orleans
29°57′26″N 90°04′03″W / 29.957307°N 90.067484°W / 29.957307; -90.067484 (Hermann-Grima House)
Orleans
18 Homeplace Plantation House
1940 HABS photo
April 15, 1970
(#70000842)
Hahnville
29°58′16″N 90°24′27″W / 29.971057°N 90.407583°W / 29.971057; -90.407583 (Homeplace Plantation House)
St. Charles
19 Jackson Square
Jackson Square
October 9, 1960
(#66000375)
New Orleans
29°57′20″N 90°03′47″W / 29.955645°N 90.063056°W / 29.955645; -90.063056 (Jackson Square)
Orleans
20 USS KIDD (Destroyer)
USS KIDD (Destroyer)
January 14, 1986
(#83000502)
Baton Rouge
30°26′33″N 91°11′30″W / 30.442426°N 91.191717°W / 30.442426; -91.191717 (USS KIDD (Destroyer))
East Baton Rouge
21 Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop
Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop
April 15, 1970
(#70000255)
New Orleans
29°57′38″N 90°03′50″W / 29.960591°N 90.063885°W / 29.960591; -90.063885 (Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop)
Orleans
22 Longue Vue House and Gardens
Longue Vue House and Gardens
April 5, 2005
(#91001419)
New Orleans
29°58′36″N 90°07′23″W / 29.976752777777776°N 90.12309166666665°W / 29.976752777777776; -90.12309166666665 (Longue Vue House and Gardens)
Orleans
23 Los Adaes
Los Adaes
June 23, 1986
(#78001427)
Robeline
31°42′31″N 93°17′36″W / 31.70861111111111°N 93.29333333333334°W / 31.70861111111111; -93.29333333333334 (Los Adaes)
Natchitoches Los Adaes was the capitol of Tejas on the northeastern frontier of New Spain from 1729 to 1770. It included a mission, San Miguel de los Adaes and a presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes (Our Lady of Pilar of the Adaes).
24 Louisiana State Bank Building
1934 HABS photo
May 4, 1983
(#83004387)
New Orleans
29°57′22″N 90°03′59″W / 29.956014°N 90.066466°W / 29.956014; -90.066466 (Louisiana State Bank Building)
Orleans
25 Louisiana State Capitol
Louisiana State Capitol
December 17, 1982
(#78001421)
Baton Rouge
30°27′25″N 91°11′15″W / 30.456944444444442°N 91.1875°W / 30.456944444444442; -91.1875 (Louisiana State Capitol)
East Baton Rouge
26 Madame John's Legacy
Madame John's Legacy
April 15, 1970
(#70000256)
New Orleans
29°57′34″N 90°03′46″W / 29.959332°N 90.062902°W / 29.959332; -90.062902 (Madame John's Legacy)
Orleans Building which got its name from a story by George Washington Cable.
27 Madewood Plantation House
Madewood Plantation House
May 4, 1983
(#73000860)
Napoleonville
29°55′33″N 90°59′39″W / 29.925833333333333°N 90.99416666666667°W / 29.925833333333333; -90.99416666666667 (Madewood Plantation House)
Assumption
28 Magnolia Plantation
HABS photo
January 3, 2001
(#79001071)
Derry
31°32′59″N 92°56′26″W / 31.549722222222226°N 92.94055555555556°W / 31.549722222222226; -92.94055555555556 (Magnolia Plantation)
Natchitoches
29 Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site
Burial Mound
July 19, 1964
(#66000372)
Marksville
31°07′29″N 92°02′52″W / 31.12472222222222°N 92.04777777777778°W / 31.12472222222222; -92.04777777777778 (Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site)
Avoyelles Archeological type site for Marksville culture.
30National Historic Landmark District Natchitoches Historic District
HABS photo
April 16, 1984
(#74000928)
Natchitoches
31°45′16″N 93°05′32″W / 31.754330°N 93.092108°W / 31.754330; -93.092108 (Natchitoches Historic District)
Natchitoches Nachtitoches was the first permanent settlement founded by the French in Louisiana.
31 New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building
New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building
December 22, 1977
(#77000675)
New Orleans
29°57′09″N 90°04′16″W / 29.952394°N 90.071001°W / 29.952394; -90.071001 (New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building)
Orleans
32 Oak Alley Plantation
Oak Alley Plantation
December 2, 1974
(#74002187)
Vacherie
30°00′15″N 90°46′33″W / 30.00428°N 90.775933°W / 30.00428; -90.775933 (Oak Alley Plantation)
St. James
33 Oakland Plantation
HABS photo
January 3, 2001
(#79001073)
Natchez
31°39′54″N 93°00′12″W / 31.665°N 93.00333333333333°W / 31.665; -93.00333333333333 (Oakland Plantation)
Natchitoches
34 Old Louisiana State Capitol
Old Louisiana State Capitol
May 30, 1974
(#73000862)
Baton Rouge
30°26′42″N 91°11′19″W / 30.445026°N 91.188608°W / 30.445026; -91.188608 (Old Louisiana State Capitol)
East Baton Rouge Innovatively designed by architect James H. Dakin, it is "Castellated Gothic".
35 Parlange Plantation House
1936 HABS photo
May 30, 1974
(#70000258)
Mix
30°37′49″N 91°29′10″W / 30.630277777777778°N 91.48611111111111°W / 30.630277777777778; -91.48611111111111 (Parlange Plantation House)
Pointe Coupee
36 Pontalba Buildings
Pontalba Buildings
May 30, 1974
(#74000934)
New Orleans
29°57′27″N 90°03′44″W / 29.957580°N 90.062145°W / 29.957580; -90.062145 (Pontalba Buildings)
Orleans
37 Port Hudson
Port Hudson
May 30, 1974
(#74000923)
Port Hudson
30°39′38″N 91°16′27″W / 30.66057222222222°N 91.27414722222223°W / 30.66057222222222; -91.27414722222223 (Port Hudson)
East Feliciana American Civil War battleground, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River.
38 Poverty Point
Poverty Point
April 15, 1970
(#66000382)
Delhi
32°38′12″N 91°24′41″W / 32.63666666666666°N 91.4113888888889°W / 32.63666666666666; -91.4113888888889 (Poverty Point)
West Carroll
39 The Presbytere
The Presbytère, seen from Jackson Square.
April 15, 1970
(#70000257)
New Orleans
29°57′28″N 90°03′48″W / 29.957830°N 90.063450°W / 29.957830; -90.063450 (The Presbytere)
Orleans Building located on Jackson Square.
40National Historic Landmark District Rosedown Plantation
1934 HABS photo
April 5, 2005
(#01000765)
St. Francisville
30°47′46″N 91°22′15″W / 30.796015°N 91.370945°W / 30.796015; -91.370945 (Rosedown Plantation)
West Feliciana
41 Saint Alphonsus Church
Saint Alphonsus Church
June 19, 1996
(#73000872)
New Orleans
29°55′50″N 90°04′25″W / 29.930555555555557°N 90.0736111111111°W / 29.930555555555557; -90.0736111111111 (Saint Alphonsus Church)
Orleans
42 The St. Charles Line
The St. Charles Line
August 25, 2014
(#14000918)
New Orleans
29°55′38″N 90°05′40″W / 29.927155°N 90.094335°W / 29.927155; -90.094335 (The St. Charles Line)
Orleans Most extensive streetcar line in the country; oldest continously-operated light-rail line in the world
43 St. Mary's Assumption Church
St. Mary's Assumption Church
May 30, 1974
(#71000361)
New Orleans
29°55′48″N 90°04′27″W / 29.929888°N 90.074293°W / 29.929888; -90.074293 (St. Mary's Assumption Church)
Orleans
44 St. Patrick's Church
St. Patrick's Church
May 30, 1974
(#74000936)
New Orleans
29°56′48″N 90°04′12″W / 29.946631°N 90.070137°W / 29.946631; -90.070137 (St. Patrick's Church)
Orleans
45 San Francisco Plantation House
San Francisco Plantation House
May 30, 1974
(#74002186)
Reserve
30°02′51″N 90°36′20″W / 30.047535°N 90.605548°W / 30.047535; -90.605548 (San Francisco Plantation House)
St. John the Baptist
46 Shadows-on-the-Teche
100 px
May 30, 1970
(#72000553)
New Iberia
30°00′09″N 91°48′54″W / 30.002541°N 91.814997°W / 30.002541; -91.814997 (Shadows-on-the-Teche)
Iberia
47 Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium
Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium
October 6, 2008
(#91000624)
Shreveport
32°30′28″N 93°45′10″W / 32.507777777777775°N 93.75277777777778°W / 32.507777777777775; -93.75277777777778 (Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium)
Caddo
48 Shreveport Waterworks Pumping Station
1980 HABS photo
December 17, 1982
(#80001707)
Shreveport
32°30′56″N 93°45′25″W / 32.515682°N 93.756995°W / 32.515682; -93.756995 (Shreveport Waterworks Pumping Station)
Caddo An engineering landmark.
49 United States Customhouse
United States Customhouse
December 2, 1974
(#74000938)
New Orleans
29°57′05″N 90°03′59″W / 29.951414°N 90.066254°W / 29.951414; -90.066254 (United States Customhouse)
Orleans
50 United States Mint, New Orleans Branch
United States Mint, New Orleans Branch
May 15, 1975
(#73000875)
New Orleans
29°57′41″N 90°03′26″W / 29.961436°N 90.057266°W / 29.961436; -90.057266 (United States Mint, New Orleans Branch)
Orleans
51 Ursuline Convent
Ursuline Convent
October 9, 1960
(#66000376)
New Orleans
29°57′39″N 90°03′39″W / 29.960753°N 90.060813°W / 29.960753; -90.060813 (Ursuline Convent)
Orleans An Ursuline convent
52National Historic Landmark District Vieux Carre Historic District
Upper Chartres Street
December 21, 1965
(#66000377)
New Orleans
29°57′31″N 90°03′54″W / 29.95861111111111°N 90.065°W / 29.95861111111111; -90.065 (Vieux Carre Historic District)
Orleans The French Quarter.
53 Edward Douglass White House
Edward Douglass White House
December 8, 1976
(#76000964)
Thibodaux
29°45′15″N 90°43′46″W / 29.75402777777778°N 90.72930555555556°W / 29.75402777777778; -90.72930555555556 (Edward Douglass White House)
Lafourche Home of Edward Douglass White, his home has been rumored to be haunted. They say who ever goes inside at exactly 11:00pm on December 8, comes out with almost no memory.
54National Historic Landmark District Yucca Plantation
HABS photo
May 30, 1974
(#72000556)
Melrose
31°05′16″N 92°58′03″W / 31.087711°N 92.967561°W / 31.087711; -92.967561 (Yucca Plantation)
Natchitoches Black businesswoman Marie Thérèse Coincoin created this plantation, includes perhaps the first black for black designed buildings in the United States.

Former National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana[edit]

Landmark name[18] Image Date designated[18] Date withdrawn[18] Locality[18][19] Parish[18] Description[20]
1 DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat) The Delta Queen in Memphis, Tennessee June 29, 1989 relocated in 2009 New Orleans
29°55′57″N 90°03′39″W / 29.932553°N 90.060836°W / 29.932553; -90.060836 (DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat))
Orleans River steamboat. She is now berthed at Chattanooga, Tennessee.
2 U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28) USS Cabot (CVL-28).jpg June 29, 1990 August 7, 2001 New Orleans Orleans Commissioned in 1943, The USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier in the United States Navy. From 1967-1989, she served in Spain as the Dédalo. A New Orleans-based museum foundation purchased the ship for restoration in 1990, but was unable to obtain sufficient funding. The Cabot was eventually scrapped and withdrawn as a Landmark on August 7, 2001.[21]

National Park Service Areas in Louisiana[edit]

National Historic Sites and other National Park Service areas in Louisiana are:

Poverty Point National Monument is listed as a National Park Service area although title for the site has not been transferred from Louisiana to the federal government. Otherwise, excepting the El Camino Real de los Tejas trail, these are federally-owned sites and enjoy higher protection than most National Historic Landmarks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ "Acadian House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  5. ^ "Cabildo (The)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  6. ^ "Cable, George Washington, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  7. ^ "Chopin, Kate, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  8. ^ "Courthouse (The) and Lawyers' Row". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  9. ^ "DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  10. ^ "Dillard, James H., Home". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  11. ^ "James Hardy Dillard". The Journal of Negro History (Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.) 25 (4): 585–586. Oct 1940. JSTOR 2715156. 
  12. ^ "Evergreen Plantation". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  13. ^ "Evergreen Plantation". National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  14. ^ "Fort De La Boulaye". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  15. ^ "Fort Jackson". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  16. ^ "Fort Jesup". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  17. ^ "Fort Jesup". Cane River National Heritage Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  18. ^ a b c d e National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  19. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  20. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates.
  21. ^ "U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 

External links[edit]