List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana

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This is a complete list of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana,.

The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1]

The state of Louisiana is home to 53 of these landmarks, spanning a range of history from early to modern times. The most recently designated is the Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium, designated in October, 2008. Another NHL was once located in Louisiana, but was delisted after being destroyed. The sternwheel steamboat Delta Queen has been relocated to Chattanooga and is now listed as an NHL of Tennessee.

Key[edit]

National Historic Landmark
dagger National Historic Landmark District

National Historic Landmarks[edit]

[2] Landmark name[3] Image Date designated[3] Locality[3][4] Parish[3] Description[5]
1 Acadian House Acadian House May 30, 1974 St. Martinville
30°08′11″N 91°49′30″W / 30.136423°N 91.824997°W / 30.136423; -91.824997 (Acadian House)
St. Martin Acadian house.[6]
2 The Cabildo The Cabildo in New Orleans October 9, 1960 New Orleans
29°57′27″N 90°03′50″W / 29.957449°N 90.063828°W / 29.957449; -90.063828 (Cabildo, The)
Orleans Building located on Jackson Square.[7]
3 George Washington Cable House CableHouseLGD30Jan2008.jpg December 29, 1962 New Orleans
29°55′35″N 90°05′13″W / 29.926405°N 90.086825°W / 29.926405; -90.086825 (Cable, George Washington, House)
Orleans Garden District cottage home of author George Washington Cable.[8]
4 Kate Chopin House Kate Chopin House Ruins.jpg April 19, 1993 Cloutierville
31°32′20″N 92°55′02″W / 31.538890°N 92.917092°W / 31.538890; -92.917092 (Chopin, Kate, House)
Natchitoches Home of Kate Chopin, author of The Awakening, source for her writings on bayou life.[9] It was destroyed by fire in 2008.
5National Historic Landmark District The Courthouse and Lawyers' Row 1936 HABS photo May 30, 1974 Clinton
30°52′0″N 91°4′7″W / 30.86667°N 91.06861°W / 30.86667; -91.06861 (Courthouse and Lawyers' Row)
East Feliciana Built in the mid-nineteenth century, this courthouse and five nearby law office buildings are examples of Greek Revival architecture.[10]
6 DELUGE (Firefighting Tug) Deluge1.jpg June 30, 1989 New Orleans
29°57′15″N 90°03′18″W / 29.954109°N 90.054868°W / 29.954109; -90.054868 (DELUGE (Firefighting Tug))
Orleans The DELUGE, a fireboat that served the Port of New Orleans, is an example of large fireboats found in major ports during the 1920s.[11]
7 James H. Dillard Home DillardHouseFrontLSB.jpg December 2, 1974 New Orleans
29°56′10″N 90°07′36″W / 29.936071°N 90.126598°W / 29.936071; -90.126598 (Dillard, James H., Home)
Orleans This was the home of James Hardy Dillard, an educator at Tulane University and director of the Slater Fund and Jeanes Foundation. Born in 1856, Dillard spent most of his life improving the education of blacks in the United States.[12][13]
8 Evergreen Plantation Evergreen Plantation NHL.jpg April 27, 1992 Wallace
30°01′38″N 90°38′26″W / 30.02722°N 90.64056°W / 30.02722; -90.64056 (Evergreen Plantation)
St. John the Baptist Composed of 39 buildings, including a main house and slave quarters, Evergreen Plantation is an example of major plantations found in the Antebellum period of the United States.[14][15]
9 Fort De La Boulaye October 9, 1960 Phoenix
29°38′57″N 89°56′40″W / 29.64917°N 89.94444°W / 29.64917; -89.94444 (Fort De La Boulaye)
Plaquemines Fort De La Boulaye Site marks the location of a French fort built in 1700 after France took control of the mouth of the Mississippi River.[16]
10 Fort Jackson Fort Jackson, Drawn in 1817 December 19, 1960 Triumph
29°21′28″N 89°27′18″W / 29.35778°N 89.45500°W / 29.35778; -89.45500 (Fort Jackson)
Plaquemines Fort Jackson was constructed between 1822 and 1832. In April 1862, the fort was the site of the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the decisive battle for control of New Orleans during the American Civil War.[17]
11 Fort Jesup Army Kitchen at Fort Jesup State Historic Site.jpg July 4, 1961 Many
31°36′41″N 93°24′3″W / 31.61139°N 93.40083°W / 31.61139; -93.40083 (Fort Jesup)
Sabine Fort Jesup was built in 1822 to help protect the western border between American and Spanish territories. Under the command of future U.S. President Zachary Taylor, soldiers at the fort monitored Texas as it passed from Spanish and Mexican control until the Mexican–American War in 1846.[18][19]
12 Fort St. Philip ButlersVictimsFortStPhilip.jpeg December 19, 1960 Triumph
29°21′50″N 89°27′46″W / 29.36389°N 89.46278°W / 29.36389; -89.46278 (Fort St. Philip)
Plaquemines
13 Gallier Hall CBD11Oct07GallierHallFront.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°56′56″N 90°04′15″W / 29.948854°N 90.070820°W / 29.948854; -90.070820 (Gallier Hall)
Orleans Designed by James Gallier, Sr.
14 Gallier House GallierHouseBelowA.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°57′41″N 90°03′42″W / 29.961457°N 90.061583°W / 29.961457; -90.061583 (Gallier House)
Orleans Beautifully restored home designed by James Gallier, Jr.
15National Historic Landmark District Garden District GardenDistDec07CornFenceD.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°55′40″N 90°05′05″W / 29.92778°N 90.08472°W / 29.92778; -90.08472 (Garden District)
Orleans
16 Mayor Girod House FQChartresNapoleonHouseCarriageDec07.jpg April 15, 1970 New Orleans
29°57′21″N 90°03′55″W / 29.955886°N 90.065179°W / 29.955886; -90.065179 (Girod, Mayor, House)
Orleans Home of Mayor Girod.
17 Hermann-Grima House HermannGrimaJune08A.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°57′26″N 90°04′03″W / 29.957307°N 90.067484°W / 29.957307; -90.067484 (Hermann-Grima House)
Orleans
18 Homeplace Plantation House 1940 HABS photo April 15, 1970 Hahnville
29°58′16″N 90°24′27″W / 29.971057°N 90.407583°W / 29.971057; -90.407583 (Homeplace Plantation House)
St. Charles
19 Jackson Square 060107-049-StLouisCathedral-JacksonSquare.jpg October 9, 1960 New Orleans
29°57′20″N 90°03′47″W / 29.955645°N 90.063056°W / 29.955645; -90.063056 (Jackson Square)
Orleans
20 USS KIDD (Destroyer) USS Kidd (DD-661) Baton Rouge.jpg January 14, 1986 Baton Rouge
30°26′33″N 91°11′30″W / 30.442426°N 91.191717°W / 30.442426; -91.191717 (KIDD, USS (Destroyer))
East Baton Rouge
21 Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop LafittesBlacksmithShop.jpg April 15, 1970 New Orleans
29°57′38″N 90°03′50″W / 29.960591°N 90.063885°W / 29.960591; -90.063885 (Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop)
Orleans
22 Longue Vue House and Gardens LongueVue5Jan07BackB.jpg April 5, 2005 New Orleans
29°58′36.31″N 90°7′23.13″W / 29.9767528°N 90.1230917°W / 29.9767528; -90.1230917 (Longue Vue House and Gardens)
Orleans
23 Los Adaes June 23, 1986 Robeline
31°42′31″N 93°17′36″W / 31.70861°N 93.29333°W / 31.70861; -93.29333 (Los Adaes)
Natchitoches Los Adaes was the capitol of Tejas on the northeastern frontier of New Spain from 1729 to 1770. It included a mission, San Miguel de los Adaes and a presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes (Our Lady of Pilar of the Adaes).
24 Louisiana State Bank Building 1934 HABS photo May 4, 1983 New Orleans
29°57′22″N 90°03′59″W / 29.956014°N 90.066466°W / 29.956014; -90.066466 (Louisiana State Bank Building)
Orleans
25 Louisiana State Capitol Louisiana State Capitol December 17, 1982 Baton Rouge
30°27′25″N 91°11′15″W / 30.45694°N 91.18750°W / 30.45694; -91.18750 (Louisiana State Capitol)
East Baton Rouge
26 Madame John's Legacy MadamJohnsLegacyLakeward1.jpg April 15, 1970 New Orleans
29°57′34″N 90°03′46″W / 29.959332°N 90.062902°W / 29.959332; -90.062902 (Madame John's Legacy)
Orleans Building which got its name from a story by George Washington Cable.
27 Madewood Plantation House Madewood house.jpg May 4, 1983 Napoleonville
29°55′33″N 90°59′39″W / 29.92583°N 90.99417°W / 29.92583; -90.99417 (Madewood Plantation House)
Assumption
28 Magnolia Plantation HABS photo January 3, 2001 Derry
31°32′59″N 92°56′26″W / 31.54972°N 92.94056°W / 31.54972; -92.94056 (Magnolia Plantation)
Natchitoches
29 Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site Burial Mound July 19, 1964 Marksville
31°07′29″N 92°02′52″W / 31.12472°N 92.04778°W / 31.12472; -92.04778 (Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site)
Avoyelles Archeological type site for Marksville culture.
30National Historic Landmark District Natchitoches Historic District HABS photo April 16, 1984 Natchitoches
31°45′16″N 93°05′32″W / 31.754330°N 93.092108°W / 31.754330; -93.092108 (Natchitoches Historic District)
Natchitoches Nachtitoches was the first permanent settlement founded by the French in Louisiana.
31 New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building NOCottonExchangeOnCarondeletOct2007.jpg December 22, 1977 New Orleans
29°57′09″N 90°04′16″W / 29.952394°N 90.071001°W / 29.952394; -90.071001 (New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building)
Orleans
32 Oak Alley Plantation OakAlleyacp.jpg December 2, 1974 Vacherie
30°00′15″N 90°46′33″W / 30.00428°N 90.775933°W / 30.00428; -90.775933 (Oak Alley Plantation)
St. James
33 Oakland Plantation HABS photo January 3, 2001 Natchez
31°39′54″N 93°0′12″W / 31.66500°N 93.00333°W / 31.66500; -93.00333 (Oakland Plantation)
Natchitoches
34 Old Louisiana State Capitol Old Louisiana State Capitol.jpg May 30, 1973 Baton Rouge
30°26′42″N 91°11′19″W / 30.445026°N 91.188608°W / 30.445026; -91.188608 (Old Louisiana State Capitol)
East Baton Rouge Innovatively designed by architect James H. Dakin, it is "Castellated Gothic".
35 Parlange Plantation House 1936 HABS photo May 30, 1974 Mix
30°37′49″N 91°29′10″W / 30.63028°N 91.48611°W / 30.63028; -91.48611 (Parlange Plantation House)
Pointe Coupee
36 Pontalba Buildings Pontalba.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°57′27″N 90°03′44″W / 29.957580°N 90.062145°W / 29.957580; -90.062145 (Pontalba Buildings)
Orleans
37 Port Hudson PortHudsonCem2.JPG May 30, 1974 Port Hudson
30°39′38.06″N 91°16′26.93″W / 30.6605722°N 91.2741472°W / 30.6605722; -91.2741472 (Port Hudson National Cemetery)
East Feliciana American Civil War battleground, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River.
38 Poverty Point PovertyPoint.jpg April 15, 1970 Delhi
32°38′12″N 91°24′41″W / 32.63667°N 91.41139°W / 32.63667; -91.41139 (Poverty Point)
West Carroll
39 The Presbytere The Presbytère, seen from Jackson Square. April 15, 1970 New Orleans
29°57′28″N 90°03′48″W / 29.957830°N 90.063450°W / 29.957830; -90.063450 (Presbytere (The))
Orleans Building located on Jackson Square.
40National Historic Landmark District Rosedown Plantation 1934 HABS photo April 5, 2005 St. Francisville
30°47′46″N 91°22′15″W / 30.796015°N 91.370945°W / 30.796015; -91.370945 (Rosedown Plantation)
West Feliciana
41 Saint Alphonsus Church StAlph26Oct07Palm.jpg June 19, 1996 New Orleans
29°55′50″N 90°4′25″W / 29.93056°N 90.07361°W / 29.93056; -90.07361 (Saint Alphonsus Church, New Orleans)
Orleans
42 St. Mary's Assumption Church StMary26Oct07FrontIs.jpg May 30, 1974 New Orleans
29°55′48″N 90°04′27″W / 29.929888°N 90.074293°W / 29.929888; -90.074293 (St. Mary's Assumption Church)
Orleans
43 St. Patrick's Church StPatNOCBDA.jpg May 30, 1970 New Orleans
29°56′48″N 90°04′12″W / 29.946631°N 90.070137°W / 29.946631; -90.070137 (St. Patrick's Church)
Orleans
44 San Francisco Plantation House SanFranciscoPlantationHouse1938.jpg May 30, 1970 Reserve
30°02′51″N 90°36′20″W / 30.047535°N 90.605548°W / 30.047535; -90.605548 (San Francisco Plantation House)
St. John the Baptist
45 Shadows-on-the-Teche Shadowsontheteche.jpg May 30, 1970 New Iberia
30°00′09″N 91°48′54″W / 30.002541°N 91.814997°W / 30.002541; -91.814997 (Shadows-on-the-teche)
Iberia
46 Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium Shreveport-municipal-auditorium-1995.jpg October 6, 2008 Shreveport
32°30′28″N 93°45′10″W / 32.50778°N 93.75278°W / 32.50778; -93.75278 (Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium)
Caddo
47 Shreveport Waterworks Pumping Station 1980 HABS photo December 17, 1982 Shreveport
32°30′56″N 93°45′25″W / 32.515682°N 93.756995°W / 32.515682; -93.756995 (Shreveport Water Works Company, Pump Station)
Caddo An engineering landmark.
48 United States Customhouse Customhouse1892NOLA.jpg December 2, 1974 New Orleans
29°57′05″N 90°03′59″W / 29.951414°N 90.066254°W / 29.951414; -90.066254 (United States Customhouse)
Orleans
49 United States Mint, New Orleans Branch 1907 NOMintpostcard.jpg May 15, 1975 New Orleans
29°57′41″N 90°03′26″W / 29.961436°N 90.057266°W / 29.961436; -90.057266 (United States Mint, New Orleans Branch)
Orleans
50 Ursuline Convent Chartres14Jan2008UrsulineConvent.jpg October 9, 1960 New Orleans
29°57′39″N 90°03′39″W / 29.960753°N 90.060813°W / 29.960753; -90.060813 (Old Ursuline Convent)
Orleans An Ursuline convent
51National Historic Landmark District Vieux Carre Historic District Upper Chartres Street December 21, 1965 New Orleans
29°57′31″N 90°03′54″W / 29.95861°N 90.06500°W / 29.95861; -90.06500 (Vieux Carre Historic District)
Orleans The French Quarter.
52 Edward Douglass White House Edward Douglass White House December 8, 1976 Thibodaux
29°45′14.5″N 90°43′45.5″W / 29.754028°N 90.729306°W / 29.754028; -90.729306 (Edward Douglass White House)
Lafourche Home of Edward Douglass White, his home has been rumored to be haunted. They say who ever goes inside at exactly 11:00pm on December 8, comes out with almost no memory.
53National Historic Landmark District Yucca Plantation HABS photo May 30, 1974 Melrose
31°05′16″N 92°58′03″W / 31.087711°N 92.967561°W / 31.087711; -92.967561 (Yucca Plantation)
Natchitoches Black businesswoman Marie Thérèse Coincoin created this plantation, includes perhaps the first black for black designed buildings in the United States.

Former National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana[edit]

Landmark name[3] Image Date designated[3] Date withdrawn[3] Locality[3][4] Parish[3] Description[5]
1 DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat) The Delta Queen in Memphis, Tennessee June 29, 1989 relocated in 2009 New Orleans
29°55′57″N 90°03′39″W / 29.932553°N 90.060836°W / 29.932553; -90.060836 (DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat))
Orleans River steamboat. She is now berthed at Chattanooga, Tennessee.
2 U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28) USS Cabot (CVL-28).jpg June 29, 1990 August 7, 2001 New Orleans Orleans Commissioned in 1943, The USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier in the United States Navy. From 1967-1989, she served in Spain as the Dédalo. A New Orleans-based museum foundation purchased the ship for restoration in 1990, but was unable to obtain sufficient funding. The Cabot was eventually scrapped and withdrawn as a Landmark on August 7, 2001.[20]

National Park Service Areas in Louisiana[edit]

National Historic Sites and other National Park Service areas in Louisiana are:

Poverty Point National Monument is listed as a National Park Service area although title for the site has not been transferred from Louisiana to the federal government. Otherwise, excepting the El Camino Real de los Tejas trail, these are federally-owned sites and enjoy higher protection than most National Historic Landmarks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  4. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  5. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates.
  6. ^ "Acadian House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  7. ^ "Cabildo (The)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  8. ^ "Cable, George Washington, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  9. ^ "Chopin, Kate, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  10. ^ "Courthouse (The) and Lawyers' Row". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  11. ^ "DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  12. ^ "Dillard, James H., Home". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  13. ^ "James Hardy Dillard". The Journal of Negro History (Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.) 25 (4): 585–586. Oct 1940. JSTOR 2715156. 
  14. ^ "Evergreen Plantation". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  15. ^ "Evergreen Plantation". National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  16. ^ "Fort De La Boulaye". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  17. ^ "Fort Jackson". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  18. ^ "Fort Jesup". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  19. ^ "Fort Jesup". Cane River National Heritage Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  20. ^ "U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 

External links[edit]